Arizona Music Standards

Introduction Music is a subject with its own unique skills and knowledge, a respected repertoire of quality literature, an advanced system of notation and literacy, and a challenging form of cognition. Scientifically, music is an auditory symbol system that the brain conceives as spatial-temporal reasoning. The brain organizes the elements of pitch, rhythm, timbre and harmony in neurological pathways that cannot be replicated in any other manner. Historically, musical expression is an innate human activity that bridges cultures and time. In the study of music, students create meaning and expression through the use of listening, composing and improvisational skills. Students attain skill in choral and instrumental performance, as well as critical thinking and self-assessment. Understanding of musical elements and how people in different places and at different times have manipulated them is important in learning how meaning is derived from sound. Broad experience in music is necessary if students are to make informed musical judgments. To meet the standards in this framework, students must learn vocabularies and concepts associated with various types of work in music. By understanding the contribution music makes to culture and history, students are better prepared to live and work in multicultural settings. The adult life of every student is enriched by the skills, knowledge and dispositions acquired through the study of music. Music Standards Organization Arizona’s music standards are organized into two distinct sections:
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General Music K-8 Performing Ensembles

The Performing Ensembles standards are skill level articulated standards, from beginning to distinction. Performing Ensembles are the typical vehicle, whether a mariachi group or a show choir, by which students perform music in the upper grades. Arizona’s schools offer a variety of options and scheduling of performing ensembles; hence the use of skill level articulation. Students do not move to the next level of music proficiency until performance objectives have been mastered. Students begin their performing ensemble music careers at various grade levels. Mastery of the performance objectives will vary according to the design of the performing music program, student age and number of instructional minutes per week. This document attempts to describe a program that meets daily. The Performing Ensemble standards are broken into Choir (Vocal), Band (Wind and percussion) and String/Orchestra groupings for Strand 1: Create based on the specific skills and techniques needed in relation to the instrumentation in the ensemble. Guitar, keyboard classes, and any other non-traditional ensembles will utilize relevant standards taken from the General Music and Performing Ensembles standards.

The standards do not subscribe to any specific teaching methodology. General Music, grades K-8, are grade level articulated standards. The performance objectives listed build one upon the other, and cascade upward in terms of difficulty of skill and technique. The General Music standards are written with the assumption that a class meets for a total of 90 minutes per week.

Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26, 2006

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Arizona Music Standards
Students may be classified as Beginning, Intermediate, or Advanced within the same grade level, class, and/or performing ensemble. Standards Organization: Concepts The Concepts which serve as the “chapter headings” for music’s three strands of Create, Relate and Evaluate are based on the National Standards for Music Education: The strands/concepts are not intended to imply a developmental order. Words in BOLD are defined in the glossary. Italicized text is a continuation from a previous grade level.

Concept #1

Strand 1 – Create Singing alone & with others music from different genres and diverse cultures. Playing instruments alone and with others, music from different genres and diverse cultures Improvising rhythms, melodies, variations and accompaniments Composing and arranging music Reading and notating music

Strand 2 – Relate Understanding the relationships among music, the arts & other disciplines outside the arts Understanding music in relation to history and culture

Strand 3 - Evaluate Listening to analyzing and describing music

Concept #2

Evaluating music and music performances

Concept #3

Understanding music in relation to self and universal themes

Concept #4 Concept #5

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Arizona Music Standards

General Music Standards Grades K-8 Strand 1: Create
Concept 1: Singing, alone and with others, music from various genres and diverse cultures.
Students will demonstrate proficiency by:
Kindergarten PO 1. exhibiting singing and speaking voices. Grade 1 PO 1. singing on pitch loud/soft, fast/slow, high/low. Grade 2 PO 1. singing an ostinato on pitch with an appropriate tone quality. Grade 3 PO. 1. singing rounds on pitch with an appropriate tone quality. Grade 4 PO 1. singing partner songs on pitch with an appropriate tone quality. Grade 5 PO 1 singing songs with descants on pitch with an appropriate tone quality, diction and posture. Grade 6 PO 1. singing expressively on pitch with an appropriate tone quality, diction, posture, dynamics, phrasing, interpretation, and tempo. Grade 7 PO 1. singing with technical and stylistic accuracy (e.g., vocal production, posture). Grade 8 PO 1. singing with technical and stylistic accuracy (e.g., vocal production, posture).

PO 2. echoing spoken rhythmic patterns.

PO 2. following a steady beat while singing.

PO 2. performing a steady beat while singing

PO 2. singing rhythmic patterns with words.

PO 2. singing unaccompanied with correct timing and intonation. PO 3. reading and singing using pitch names. PO 3. singing short songs from written notation. PO 3. singing songs from written notation.

PO2. singing music written in two parts.

PO 2. singing music written in two parts.

PO 3. singing music from memory.

PO 3. echo singing using syllable names.

PO 3. singing using syllable names.

PO 3. reading and singing using syllable names.

PO 3. singing written notation using letters, numbers, and/or syllables.

PO3. singing written notation using letters, numbers, and/or syllables.

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Arizona Music Standards
Kindergarten Grade 1 PO 4. responding properly to basic conducting cues. (e.g., start/stop). Grade 2 PO 4. responding properly to basic conducting cues. (e.g., start/stop). Grade 3 PO 4. responding properly to basic conducting cues. (e.g., start/stop). Grade 4 PO 4. responding properly to formal conducting cues. (e.g., 3/4, 4/4). Grade 5 PO 4. responding expressively to conducting cues (e.g., legato, dynamics). Grade 6 PO 4. responding expressively to conducting cues (e.g., legato, dynamics). Grade 7 PO 4. responding expressively to conducting cues (e.g., legato, dynamics). Grade 8 PO 4. responding expressively to conducting cues (e.g., legato, dynamics).

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Arizona Music Standards

General Music Standards Grades K-8

Strand 1: Create
Concept 2: Playing instruments, alone and with others, music from various genres and diverse cultures.
Students will demonstrate proficiency by:
Kindergarten PO 1. maintaining a steady beat. Grade 1 PO 1. maintaining a steady beat with a partner. Grade 2 PO 1. maintaining a steady beat in a group. Grade 3 PO 1 playing music from memory. Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6 PO 1. playing expressively with appropriate dynamics, phrasing, interpretation, articulation and tempo. PO 2. playing by rote rhythmic patterns using sixteenth notes and syncopation in 2/4, 3/4, and 4/4 time signatures. Grade 7 PO 1. playing expressively on the instruments of the genre and culture explored. Grade 8 PO 1. playing expressively on the instruments of the genre and culture explored.

PO 2. playing sounds that are loud/soft, fast/slow, high/low.

PO 2. playing short melodic patterns that are loud/soft, fast/slow.

PO 2. playing a simple ostinato accompaniment using dynamics.

PO 2. playing a short melody using appropriate dynamics.

PO 2. playing simple independent instrumental parts while other students sing or play contrasting parts.

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tone quality. playing with technical accuracy (e. responding properly to formal conducting cues. eighth notes and quarter rests. breath control..g. PO 4. Grade 5 PO 3. (e. PO 4 playing with technical accuracy (e. (e. responding properly to basic conducting cues... Grade 1 Grade 2 PO 3.g. playing with correct rhythmic duration quarter notes. posture. PO 4. breath control. posture. whole notes and corresponding rests. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. stop/start). 2006 Page 6 of 56 . (e.g.g. posture. 3/4... Grade 3 PO 3. legato. Grade 4 PO 3. stop/start).g. Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8 PO 4.g. PO 4. mallet technique). breath control.. PO 4. mallet technique). responding expressively to conducting cues (e. PO 4. playing with correct rhythmic duration dotted half notes and dotted quarters.. 4/4). (e.Arizona Music Standards Kindergarten PO 3. tone quality. tone quality. responding properly to basic conducting cues. dynamics). playing with technical accuracy (e. playing short songs from written notation. echoing rhythm patterns. responding properly to basic conducting cues.g. mallet technique).g. stop/start).. playing with correct rhythmic duration half notes. PO 4.

body percussion.g. Grade 4 PO 1. and subdominant chords. non-pitched instruments. found objects. Grade 8 PO 1. singing and/or playing short improvised melodies in a consistent style and meter.) Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Kindergarten PO 1 improvising an answer to a teacherperformed statement (to a steady beat) Grade 1 PO 1. improvising simple rhythmic accompaniments.Arizona Music Standards General Music Standards Grades K-8 Strand 1: Create Concept 3: Improvising rhythms. improvising a harmonic accompanimen t using tonic. and accompaniments (Teachers and students may choose from a variety of sound sources e. Grade 3 PO 1. variations. Grade 7 PO 1. singing and/or playing short improvised melodies for a specified time frame. pitched instruments. 2006 Page 7 of 56 .. improvising simple melodic phrases. dominant. melodies. improvising a melody based on a given tonality. playing an improvised accompaniment using tonic and dominant chords. improvising an answer to a teacherperformed statement (to a steady beat) Grade 2 PO 1. Grade 5 PO 1. computer generated sound sources. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. Grade 6 PO 1.

pitched instruments. found objects. Grade 2 PO 1. body percussion.g. non-pitched instruments.. creating/ arranging short songs and/or instrumental pieces in the treble clef within specified guidelines using technology.g. Grade 7 PO 1. creating/ arranging short songs and/or instrumental pieces in the treble clef within specified guidelines using technology. body percussion. composing short pieces using standard musical notation in the treble clef within specified guidelines. Grade 3 PO 1.. composing and notating short pieces using non-standard musical notation. creating short songs and/or instrumental pieces within specified guidelines choosing from a variety of sound sources (e. composing and notating short pieces using standard musical notation in the treble clef within specified guidelines. Grade 6 PO 1. creating music to accompany or tell a story.Arizona Music Standards General Music Standards Grades K-8 Strand 1: Create Concept 4: Composing and arranging music. Grade 8 PO 1. pitched instruments. Grade 4 PO 1. 2006 Page 8 of 56 . creating a short song within specified guidelines choosing from a variety of sound sources (e. Grade 5 PO 1. computer generated sound sources). Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. non-pitched instruments. found objects. computer generated sound sources). Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Kindergarten Grade 1 PO 1.

and/or syllables. distinguishing melodic shape. PO 3. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Kindergarten Grade 1 PO 1. Ti Ti). reading/ decoding half notes. eighth notes and quarter rests. whole notes and corresponding rests. PO 3.Arizona Music Standards General Music Standards Grades K-8 Strand 1: Create Concept 5: Reading and notating music. PO 2. identifying the letter names for the lines and spaces of bass clef. 3/4 and 4/4 time signatures. identifying the letter names for the lines and spaces of the treble clef. PO 2. Ta. Identifying quarter and eighth notes and quarter rests (e. PO 2. PO 3. numbers. Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8 PO 2. conducting patterns and cues in duple and triple meter in time to the music. PO 2. PO 2.. Grade 2 PO 1. 2006 Page 9 of 56 . reading/ decoding quarter notes. PO 3. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. PO 2. identifying the letter names for the lines and spaces of bass clef. reading/ decoding sixteenth notes and sixteenth note patterns and simple syncopation in 2/4. PO 2. identifying the letter names for the lines and spaces of the treble clef. recognizing steps. reading/ decoding dotted half notes and dotted quarter notes. reading written notation using letters. identifying the intervals within a diatonic scale. PO 3. identifying the letter names for the lines and spaces of bass clef. recognizing melodic movement as up and down. skips and repeated notes in music. identifying the letter names for the lines and spaces of the treble clef.g. PO 3. PO 2.

defining terms and symbols used in music notation as identified in previous grade levels. identifying major and minor chords. 2006 Page 10 of 56 . Grade 7 PO 4. PO 5.Arizona Music Standards Kindergarten PO 4. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. PO 5. reading and notating nonstandard musical notation. reading and notating music using standard musical notation. reading and notating music using standard musical notation. Grade 4 PO 4. demonstrating melodic line and texture through nonstandard musical notation Grade 2 PO 4. defining terms and symbols used in music notation as identified in previous grade levels. reading and notating music using standard musical notation. identifying major and minor scales. identifying parts/symbols in a musical score: • dynamics • meter signatures PO 5. defining terms and symbols used in music notation as identified in previous grade levels. recognizing non-standard musical notation Grade 1 PO 4. PO 5. Grade 5 PO 4. identifying parts/symbols in a musical score: • staves • clefs PO 5. Grade 8 PO 4. PO 5. defining terms and symbols used in music notation as identified in previous grade levels. Grade 3 PO 4. Grade 6 PO 4. reading and notating music using standard musical notation. identifying parts/symbols in a musical score: • accidentals • phrasing marks • key signatures PO 5.

identifying/ describing ways in which the principles and subject matter of other disciplines are related to music (e. Grade 6 PO 1. history). Grade 3 PO 1. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. showing musical pulse. balance in visual arts and balance within a performing ensemble). Grade 1 PO 1. explaining the connection between music and other art forms (e.. using body movement to show variations in rhythm. identifying the use/function of music from various cultures correlating to grade level social studies curriculum. Grade 7 Grade 8 PO 1. 2006 Page 11 of 56 . Grade 2 PO 1. and other disciplines outside the arts. math.Arizona Music Standards General Music Standards Grades K-8 Strand 2: Relate Concept 1: Understanding the relationships among music. Grade 5 PO 1.. performing a dance to a given piece of music that reflects its cultural heritage. PO 1.g. identifying the use/function of music from various cultures correlating to grade level social studies curriculum. Grade 4 PO 1. pattern and phrasing through movement. science. exploring the relationship between music and dance by responding to sounds through movement.g. the arts. identifying and explaining how technology and music interface. pitch or tempo. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Kindergarten PO 1.

texture. Describing the effect an instrument’s physical properties will have upon its sound. identifying and explaining the basic concepts behind the science of sound (e. form. intervals). Grade 7 PO 2. tempo) are interrelated with elements of other arts. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. dynamics. timbre. pitch and pitch direction. acoustics.e. 2006 Page 12 of 56 . Grade 8 PO 2. Grade 6 PO 2. Explaining the nature of sound as vibration.Arizona Music Standards Kindergarten Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 PO 2. rhythm. Identifying and analyzing the ways in which the elements of music (i. steady beat.. sound as vibration.g. resonance.

recognizing composers’ motivations for creating music Grade 2 PO 3. color in visual arts.Arizona Music Standards Kindergarten Grade 1 PO 3. explaining and applying the relationship between note values and mathematics Grade 6 PO 3. literature PO 4. and gestures in dance). PO 4. or ideas (e. or ideas (e. visual arts. emotions can be expressed with words in poetry. visual arts.. or ideas (e. literature PO 4. sound in music. literature Grade 7 PO 3. exploring and analyzing the relationship of music to language arts. literature PO 4. exploring and analyzing the relationship of music to language arts. emotions. emotions can be expressed with words in poetry. emotions.g. scenes. visual arts. exploring and analyzing the relationship of music to language arts. exploring and analyzing the relationship of music to language arts. visual arts. emotions. literature Grade 8 PO 3. literature PO 4. sound in music. visual arts. comparing in two or more arts how the basic elements of each art can be used to express similar events. 2006 Page 13 of 56 . visual arts. comparing in two or more arts how the basic elements of each art can be used to express similar events. and gestures in dance).g. exploring and analyzing the relationship of music to language arts. exploring and analyzing the relationship of music to language arts. visual arts. literature Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. explaining and applying the relationship between note values and mathematics Grade 5 PO 3.g.. color in visual arts. literature PO 4. comparing in two or more arts how the basic elements of each art can be used to express similar events. exploring and analyzing the relationship of music to language arts. and gestures in dance). visual arts. color in visual arts. recognizing composers’ motivations for creating music Grade 3 PO 3. scenes. recognizing composers’ motivations for creating music Grade 4 PO 3. exploring and analyzing the relationship of music to language arts.. literature PO 4. scenes. emotions can be expressed with words in poetry. PO 4. visual arts. PO 4. sound in music. exploring and analyzing the relationship of music to language arts.

Grade 3 PO 1. performers and important pieces from major time periods and cultures. applying appropriate movements to music from various cultures. Grade 2 PO 1. Grade 7 PO 1. dance music. T.g.Arizona Music Standards General Music Standards Grades K-8 Strand 2: Relate Concept 2: Understanding music in relation to history and culture. politics. classifying various uses of music in daily experiences (e. describing the historical context and or influence of music on daily life. comparing and contrasting the characteristics that distinguish one style/period of music from another various time periods PO 2.. past and present. Grade 6 PO 1. etc. culture.. identifying the contributions of significant composers. work songs). Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Kindergarten PO 1. describing the characteristics that distinguish one style/period of music from another. Grade 8 PO 1. work songs). PO 2. game songs. 2006 Page 14 of 56 .g. marches. culture. describing the cultural context and or influence of music on daily life. Grade 5 PO 1. Grade 1 PO 1. songs of celebration. dance music. Grade 4 PO 1.. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. comparing and contrasting the influences of music in various cultures.g. recognizing various uses of music in daily experiences (e. PO 2. identifying the instrumentation of ensembles from various cultures. seasons). game songs. politics. discovering various uses of music in daily experiences (e. PO 2. identifying music from various genres and diverse cultures. marches. songs of celebration. and movie sound tracks.V. etc. explaining the musical characteristics that make a piece appropriate for a specific event or function.

analyzing the qualifications for different musical careers. PO 4. identifying the origins and development of written music Grade 8 PO3. describing the origins and development of written music PO 4. describing different musical careers. classifying different musical careers. comparing and contrasting different musical careers. 2006 Page 15 of 56 . identifying different musical careers PO 4. describing the origins and development of instruments Grade 6 Grade 7 PO 3. PO 4.Arizona Music Standards Kindergarten Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4 PO 3. analyzing the qualifications for different musical careers. PO 4. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. PO 4. identifying the origins and development of instruments Grade 5 PO 3.

distinguishing music preferences (I like it because…) from music judgments (It is good because…). distinguishing music preferences (I like it because…) from music judgments (It is good because) from cultural judgments (It is important because…). lives of others. drawing a picture that is inspired by listening to a specific piece of music. PO 2. writing a story that is inspired by listening to a specific piece of music. Grade 8 PO 1 describing the various ways that music conveys thought. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. PO 2. explaining music preferences (I like it because…). Grade 2 PO 1. explaining personal reactions to musical experiences. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Kindergarten PO 1. Grade 3 PO 1. explaining music preferences (I like it because…). PO 2. distinguishing music preferences (I like it because…) from music judgments (It is good because…) from cultural judgments (It is important because…). PO 2. Grade 4 Grade 6 PO 1. PO 2. distinguishing music preferences (I like it because…) from music judgments (It is good because) from cultural judgments (It is important because…). reflecting on describing the roles and impact and discussing the roles and music plays in impact music their lives and plays in their the lives of lives and the others. distinguishing music preferences (I like it because…) from music judgments (It is good because) from cultural judgments (It is important because…). describing why they like their favorite piece of music. and identifying which musical aspects evoke these reactions. identifying a song or other piece of music that is important to their family. Grade 7 PO 1 describing the various ways that music conveys thought. Grade 1 PO 1. Grade 5 PO 1 PO 1.Arizona Music Standards General Music Standards Grades K-8 General Music Strand 2: Relate Concept 3: Understanding music in relation to self and universal themes. distinguishing music preferences (I like it because…) from music judgments (It is good because) from cultural judgments (It is important because…). emotion. PO 2. emotion. PO 2. PO 2. 2006 Page 16 of 56 . and universal themes without the use of words. and universal themes without the use of words. describing what a piece of music makes them think of or about. PO 2.

orchestra. strings. leaps and repeats within a given piece of music. rondo. band.g. and describing music. identifying melodic shape/pitch direction. Western and non-western. Grade 3 PO 1. analyzing. round) when presented in performed and/or recorded music. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Kindergarten PO 1.Arizona Music Standards General Music Standards Grades K-8 Strand 3: Evaluate Concept 1: Listening to.. leaps. by family (e. and repeats. skips. orchestra or classroom. PO 2. vocal) of the same piece of music. PO 2. Grade 6 PO 1. classifying scales as major. and classroom instruments. idiophones). identifying instruments. comparing and contrasting simple music forms (e. skips. classifying instruments as band. identifying a variety of band. Grade 7 PO 1.g. classifying chords as major and minor. percussion. orchestra. Grade 8 PO 1. PO 2. ABA. Grade 4 PO 1 describing the melodic movement within a given piece.. Grade 1 PO 1. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. woodwind. Grade 2 PO 1. recognizing that music moves by steps. AB.g. Grade 5 PO 1. identifying singing/ speaking voice. naming classroom instruments. and classroom instruments. comparing and contrasting multiple interpretations (e. brass. recognizing chord changes heard. categorizing instruments as Western and non-Western. orchestra. identifying steps. 2006 Page 17 of 56 . membranophones. identifying the sound of a variety of band. PO 2.. minor. PO 2. canon. PO 2. PO 2.

identifying and analyzing the ways in which the elements of music are interrelated with elements of other arts. analyzing musical elements in aural examples from diverse genres and cultures. Grade 7 PO 4. Grade 5 PO 4 identifying music examples by genre. describing AB. classifying musical examples by genres. tempo) Grade 2 PO 4. canon. PO 3. identifying sounds as high and low. PO 3. PO 3. and round forms when presented in performed and/or recorded music. classifying musical examples by culture. instrumental. and rounds. PO 3. Grade 1 PO 4. recognizing patterns (e. describing canon and rondo forms. responding to various moods heard in music through facial expression. demonstrating various moods heard in music through facial expression. PO 3. 2006 Page 18 of 56 . Grade 8 PO 4. PO 3. Grade 3 PO 4. dynamic. PO 3. classifying and identifying musical examples by historical periods. describing changes in mood while listening to music. identifying AB. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. PO 3. identifying contrasting meters and note/rest values.g.Arizona Music Standards Kindergarten PO 4. body posture and/or movement. melodic. Grade 6 PO 4. identifying music as fast or slow (tempo) and as loud or soft (dynamics). PO 3. ABA. recognizing AB and ABA forms. Grade 4 PO 4 identifying musical examples by culture. high or low (pitch). body posture and/or movement. ABA. rhythmic.

Arizona Music Standards General Music Standards Grades K-8 Strand 3: Evaluate Concept 2: Evaluating music and music performances. Grade 3 PO 1. expressing personal reactions to a music performance through words and drawings (I like it because…). PO 2. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Kindergarten PO 1. or arrangement based on established criteria. Grade 6 PO 1. listening attentively while others perform and showing appropriate audience behavior for the context and style of the music performed. PO 2. PO 2. distinguishing music preferences (I like it because…) from music judgments (It is good because) from cultural judgments (It is important because…) PO 2. listening attentively while others perform and showing appropriate audience behavior for the context and style of the music performed. improvisation. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. creating and applying established criteria to evaluate performances and compositions. listening attentively while others perform and showing appropriate audience behavior for the context and style of the music performed. writing a critique of a performance. listening attentively while others perform and showing appropriate audience behavior for the context and style of the music performed. Grade 5 PO 1. writing a critique of a performance. listening attentively while others perform and showing appropriate audience behavior for the context and style of the music performed. PO 2.g.. pronunciation) to evaluate performances and compositions. Grade 8 PO 1. listening attentively while others perform and showing appropriate audience behavior for the context and style of the music performed. discussing/expla ining personal preferences for music (I like it because vs. listening attentively while others perform and showing appropriate audience behavior for the context and style of the music performed. PO 2. it is good because…). improvisation. listening attentively while others perform and showing appropriate audience behavior for the context and style of the music performed. Grade 1 PO 1. expressing personal reactions to a music performance through drawings (I like it because…). or arrangement based on established criteria. PO 2. Grade 4 PO 1. composition. PO 2. listening attentively while others perform and showing appropriate audience behavior for the context and style of the music performed. composition. dynamics. 2006 Page 19 of 56 . Grade 2 PO 1. expressing personal reactions to a music performance through words or drawings (I like it because…). PO 2. Grade 7 PO 1. using established criteria (e.

2006 Page 20 of 56 . Intermediate PO 201. PO 202. phrasing and dynamics. phrasing and dynamics. singing their own instrumental parts within an ensemble. singing their own instrumental parts in tune with appropriate articulation. singing their own instrumental parts with good posture and with proper breath support. singing their own instrumental parts within an ensemble. singing their own instrumental parts in tune with appropriate articulation. alone and with others. PO 304. Distinction Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. music from various genres and diverse cultures. PO 303. singing their own instrumental parts in tune with appropriate articulation. PO 302. singing their own instrumental parts with good posture and with proper breath support. singing rhythmic patterns of different meters. PO 102. PO 104. PO 203. s PO 204. PO 103.Arizona Music Standards Performing Ensembles: Band Strand 1: Create Concept 1: Singing. singing rhythmic patterns of different meters. singing rhythmic patterns of different meters. singing their own instrumental parts within an ensemble. Advanced PO 301. phrasing and dynamics. singing their own instrumental parts with good posture and with proper breath support. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Beginning PO 101.

eighth. Advanced PO 301 properly assembling and identifying the various parts of their instruments. PO 303. half. half. playing the Concert Bb. dotted half. playing solo and ensemble literature on grade level 1-2 on a scale of 1-6. and Eb major scales one octave on wind and mallet percussion instruments. alone and with others. PO 102. eighth. PO 405. PO 202 demonstrating proper care and maintenance of their instrument. quarter. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Beginning PO 101. quarter. Intermediate PO 201 properly assembling and identifying the various parts of their instruments. playing solo and ensemble literature on grade level 3-5 on a scale of 1-6. PO 403. half. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. quarter. dotted half. dotted quarter and sixteenth as well as other note and rest values encountered in the repertoire. playing solo and ensemble literature on grade level 5-6 on a scale of 1-6. dotted half. PO 304. PO 404. Distinction PO 105. 2006 Page 21 of 56 . G and D major scales for one octave and a chromatic scale in the appropriate range. PO 302 demonstrating proper care and maintenance of their instrument. throughout the practical range of the instrument. PO 103. playing scale structures appropriate to the repertoire encountered for full practical range. playing all major/minor and selected modal scale structures. playing Ab. PO 104. dotted quarter. identifying and playing individually and with others the following note and rest values while maintaining a steady beat: whole. properly assembling and identifying the various parts of their instruments. dotted quarter and sixteenth as well as other note and rest values encountered in the repertoire. identifying and playing individually and with others the following note and rest values while maintaining a steady beat: whole. PO 204. C. PO 203. F. PO 205.Arizona Music Standards Performing Ensembles: Band Strand 1: Create Concept 2: Playing instruments. identifying and playing individually and with others all note and rest values as encountered in the repertoire. PO 305. demonstrating proper care and maintenance of their instrument. identifying and playing individually and with others the following note and rest values while maintaining a steady beat: whole. eighth. music from various genres and diverse cultures. playing solo and ensemble literature on grade level 2-3 on a scale of 1-6 .

and fingerings influences the intonation and tone quality and their instrument. slide position. PO 307. tone quality. tone quality. playing repertoire accurately and with good breath control. mouthpiece and reed selection. and tempo. playing. with appropriate articulation. PO 207. playing exercises/music from memory at appropriate level. PO 411. and tempo. and technique at grade level 3-5 on a scale of 1-6. PO 109. PO 311. in rhythm. PO 110. playing repertoire accurately and with good breath control. playing exercises from memory at appropriate level. and tempo. on pitch. with appropriate articulation. dynamics. PO 107. Intermediate PO 206. dynamics. with appropriate articulation. demonstrating the basic embouchure. playing notated music grade level 3-5 on a scale of 1-6. and fingerings influences the intonation and tone quality and their instrument. on pitch. in rhythm. identifying and playing articulations and symbols as they occur in the repertoire. PO 409. and technique at grade level 1-2 on a scale of 1-6. PO 410. on pitch. playing. on pitch. playing notated music at grade level 12 on a scale of 1-6. posture. finesse. playing repertoire accurately and with good breath control. PO 210. PO 208. PO 209. identifying and playing articulations and symbols as they occur in the repertoire. identifying and playing articulations and symbols as they occur in the repertoire. Advanced PO 306. and technique at grade level 5-6 on a scale of 1-6. demonstrating how factors such as embouchure shape and tension. dynamics. phrasing. Distinction PO 108. and tempo. 2006 Page 22 of 56 . tone quality. phrasing. tone quality. PO 408. playing expressively. in rhythm. playing notated music at grade level 23 on a scale of 1-6. PO 309. in rhythm. PO 111. playing exercises from memory at appropriate level. with appropriate articulation. slide position. stick/mallet placement. playing repertoire accurately and with good breath control. dynamics. mouthpiece and reed selection. playing notated music grade level 5-6 on a scale of 1-6.Arizona Music Standards Beginning PO 106. and hand/stick/mallet position appropriate for characteristic tone production on their instrument. phrasing. PO 310. playing expressively. performing solo literature from memory at the appropriate level. PO 308. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. demonstrating how factors such as embouchure shape and tension. and technique at grade level 2-3 on a scale of 1-6. stick/mallet placement. PO 211.

Advanced PO 312. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26.g.g. Intermediate PO 212. tempo.. playing a varied repertoire from different genres at appropriate level (e. conduct an ensemble with appropriate gestures. playing varied literature from different genres at appropriate level from the standard repertoire. PO 415. playing a varied repertoire from different genres at appropriate level (e. playing varied literature from different genres at appropriate level from within and outside the standard repertoire (e. sight-reading repertoire accurately and expressively at one level below performance level.g. PO 413. PO 417. intonation.g. transcriptions. PO 217. and/or intervallic while maintaining a steady beat. playing music by rote in tempo with appropriate expression. expression. traditional.. PO 314. playing independent parts while others play contrasting parts within an ensemble at grade level 3-5 on a scale of 1-6. responding to conductor’s cues (e.. sight-reading repertoire accurately and expressively at one level below performance level.. playing independent parts while others play contrasting parts within an ensemble at grade level 2-3 on a scale of 1-6.g. PO 116. PO 216. playing by rote short rhythmic and/or melodic patterns in tempo. blend. intonation. tempo and dynamics).. sight-reading repertoire accurately and expressively at one level below performance level. PO 213. PO 115. balance.Arizona Music Standards Beginning PO 112. expression. part cueing). playing together as an ensemble (e. balance. expression. playing independent parts while others play contrasting parts within an ensemble at grade level 1-2 on a scale of 1-6. PO 315. transposing repertoire at sight accurately and expressively (e. consistently performing together as an ensemble (e.g. folk).. intonation. popular. Distinction PO 412. PO 414. PO 113. PO 114. and blend). playing by rote medium-length rhythmic and/or melodic patterns in tempo. 2006 Page 23 of 56 . tempo. and cueing. PO 215. blend. and expression). tempo. responding to conductor’s cues (e. PO 317. military. PO 313.g. style.g. trumpet in D played on Bb instrument). PO 117.g. traditional. PO 416. balance... folk).. and sensitivity).g. playing by rote short rhythmic and/or melodic patterns. PO 214. military. tempo. international. reading different clefs.. playing independent parts while others play contrasting parts within an ensemble at grade level 5-6 on a scale of 1-6.g. new works). phrasing and expression). playing together as an ensemble (e. performing together as an ensemble (e. PO 316. tempo and balance). responding to basic conductor’s cues (e. popular.

tuning their own instrument using a tuner or other pitch reference. paradiddles. adjusting appropriately to inherent intonation tendencies of their own instrument. additionally for percussionists: playing the appropriate percussion rudiments (e. 2006 Page 24 of 56 .g.g. PO 421. PO 420. Distinction PO 221. marching).. Intermediate PO 218. PO 120. recognizing intonation within the ensemble. PO 119. foot tapping. additionally for percussionists: applying percussion rudiments appropriate to the repertoire encountered. hand clapping. adjusting appropriately to inherent intonation and timbre tendencies of their own instrument.. moving in a synchronized manner with music (e. foot tapping. adjusting intonation to pitch tendencies within the ensemble and tonal context. 5-stroke. recognizing when their instruments are in tune by listening to a given pitch. marching). moving in a synchronized manner with music (e. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26.. additionally for percussionists: applying percussion rudiments appropriate to the repertoire encountered.Arizona Music Standards Beginning PO 118. foot tapping.g. long. PO 220. marching). flams). moving in a synchronized manner with music (e. 7-stroke rolls. PO 219. hand clapping. hand clapping. recognizing intonation within the ensemble and responding appropriately.g. PO 319. PO 321. PO 320.. Advanced PO 318.

using a limited pitch set). playing simple improvised melodies within an appropriate harmonic structure for a minimum of 8 measures over an accompaniment within teacher specified guidelines. melodies. with expression. PO 402. variations. playing complex improvised melodies within an appropriate harmonic structure. and accompaniments..g. playing melodic and rhythmic improvised accompaniments for a minimum of 8 measures within teacher specified guidelines. PO 202. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. Distinction PO 401.Arizona Music Standards Performing Ensembles: Band Strand 1: Create Concept 3: Improvising rhythms. 2006 Page 25 of 56 . for a minimum of 24 measures over chord progression. playing melodic and rhythmic improvised accompaniments a minimum of 24 measures within teacher specified guidelines. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Beginning PO 101. Advanced PO 301. PO 302. with expression. playing improvised melodies for a minimum of 4 measures within teacher specified guidelines (e. playing improvised melodic and rhythmic accompaniments for a minimum of 4 measures within teacher specified guidelines. playing complex improvised melodies within an appropriate harmonic structure. Intermediate PO 201. playing melodic and rhythmic improvised accompaniments a minimum of 12 measures within teacher specified guidelines. for a minimum of 12 measures over chord progression. PO 102.

tone color.g. manipulating compositional elements of music (e. analyzing the compositional and stylistic elements that differentiate various musical genres. dynamics. a minimum of 2 measures within teacher specified guidelines. transposing/arranging/transcribing music within teacher specified guidelines. PO 403.. PO 203. Intermediate PO 201. dynamics. creating short compositions for their own instrument. 2006 Page 26 of 56 .Arizona Music Standards Performing Ensembles: Band Strand 1: Create Concept 4: Composing and arranging music Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Beginning PO 101. creating short compositions for their own instrument or others. transposing/arranging/transcribing music within teacher specified guidelines. tempo) to change the style and experience of the music. a minimum of 4 measures within teacher specified guidelines.. composing a musical work for small or large ensemble. Distinction PO 202. tempo) can change the style and experience of the music. creating short compositions for duet or small ensemble. or solo with accompaniment. PO 303. or solo with accompaniment. arranging or transcribing a musical work for small or large ensemble. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. PO 102. PO 302. a minimum of 8 measures within teacher specified guidelines.g. tone color. Advanced PO 301. identifying how changing compositional elements of music (e. PO 402.

PO 302. explaining and applying the terms encountered in the repertoire. phrasing. PO 202. playing expressively. on pitch and in rhythm. tempo markings encountered in the repertoire. 2/4. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Beginning PO101. on pitch and in rhythm. phrasing. 3/4. tempo markings encountered in the repertoire. explaining and applying the terms encountered in the repertoire. PO 303. tempo markings encountered in the repertoire. phrasing. Advanced Distinction PO 102. on pitch and in rhythm. dynamics. PO 205. identifying the key of other instruments within the ensemble in relation to concert pitch. using appropriate terminology to describe and explain music encountered in the repertoire. using appropriate terminology to describe and explain music encountered in the repertoire. identifying the key of their instrument in relation to concert pitch. using appropriate terminology to describe and explain music encountered in the repertoire. PO 304. PO 105. explaining the difference between simple/compound and duple/triple. dynamics. PO 305. playing expressively. PO 203. PO 103. dynamics. PO 104. explaining various asymmetrical meters. playing expressively. explaining the function of the following time signatures: 4/4. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. 6/8.Arizona Music Standards Performing Ensembles: Band Strand 1: Create Concept 5: Reading and notating music. explaining and applying the terms encountered in the repertoire. PO 204. 2006 Page 27 of 56 . cut time. Intermediate PO 201.

PO 108. recognizing and playing key signatures and accidentals in the repertoire. describing and playing simple musical forms as encountered in repertoire. PO 208. identifying intervals encountered in the repertoire. 2006 Page 28 of 56 . describing and playing musical forms as encountered in repertoire. Distinction PO 107. skips. recognizing and playing key signatures and accidentals in the repertoire. PO 307. and repeated notes encountered in the repertoire. PO 308. identifying steps. describing and playing musical forms as encountered in the repertoire. identifying intervals encountered in the repertoire. explaining the function of the key signatures and accidentals. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. synthesizing characteristics of musical structure and form into performance practice. PO 207. Advanced PO 306.Arizona Music Standards Beginning PO 106. PO 408. Intermediate PO 206.

singing their own instrumental parts within an ensemble. singing rhythmic patterns of different meters. PO 103. singing their own instrumental parts with good posture and with proper breath support. Advanced PO 301. PO 204. phrasing and dynamic. singing their own instrumental parts in tune with appropriate articulation. music from different genres and diverse cultures. singing their own instrumental parts within an ensemble. PO 303. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Beginning PO 101. PO 203. singing their own instrumental parts with good posture and with proper breath support. Distinction Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. singing rhythmic patterns in complex/changing meters. PO 202. PO 302. PO 403. singing their own instrumental parts within an ensemble. singing their own instrumental parts in tune with appropriate articulation. Intermediate PO 201. 2006 Page 29 of 56 . singing rhythmic patterns of different meters. PO 304. singing rhythmic patterns of different meters. PO 104. phrasing and dynamics. phrasing and dynamics. singing their own instrumental parts in tune with appropriate articulation. alone and with others. PO 102. singing their own instrumental parts with good posture and with proper breath support.Arizona Music Standards Performing Ensembles: Orchestra/Strings Strand 1: Create Concept 1: Singing.

. down bow. slurred staccato. exhibiting proper bow control and technique using accented détaché. double stops using one finger down. PO 302. PO 305. ricochet.g. exhibiting proper care and maintenance of their instrument PO 203. Intermediate PO 201. shifting.g. music from different genres and diverse cultures. including the techniques used for staccato. Advanced PO 301. identifying the various parts and names of other instruments in their ensemble. bow lift. maintaining good posture and playing position PO 304. pizzicato.Arizona Music Standards Performing Ensembles: Orchestra/Strings Strand 1: Create Concept 2: Playing instruments. 2006 Page 30 of 56 . spiccato. utilizing the proper left and right hand holding posture for their stringed instrument. and double stops. exhibiting proper bow control and technique using spiccato. utilizing the proper left and right hand holding posture for their stringed instrument (e.. PO 104. PO 105. fingerboard. detache. identifying the various parts of their instrument. explaining how adjustments made to various parts of an instrument affect the sound production of that instrument (e. utilizing the proper left and right hand holding posture while shifting for their stringed instrument. and bow). maintaining good posture and playing position PO 204. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. open strings. relationship of bridge. and bow articulation using variations of slurred and détaché groupings of notes. exhibiting proper bow control. exhibiting proper care and maintenance of their instrument PO 303. up bow. sound post. PO 202. exhibiting proper care and maintenance of their instrument PO 103. string crossings at varying tempi. alone and with others. slurs. col legno. extensions). martelé. legato détaché. Distinction PO 102. changing strings with wrist action. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Beginning PO 101. PO 205. maintaining good posture and playing position.

and playing one octave scales. one octave scales. b. recognizing when their instruments are in tune by listening to a given pitch. g. ponticello in various tempi. and triads using proper half step fingering. PO 208. and e minor. PO 210.Arizona Music Standards Beginning PO 106. arpeggios. G. playing D. tuning their own instrument using a pitch reference. triads and arpeggios in the keys of d. Intermediate PO 206. PO 209. and two octaves on all open strings and fingered harmonics in first position. octave and a fifth. PO 207. A. PO 310. triads and arpeggios in the keys of D. recognizing pitch discrepancies and responding appropriately in an harmonic context. performing two octave scales. tuning their own instrument using a tuner or other pitch reference. C. A. playing two or three octave (where possible) major and minor scales up to four sharps and four flats plus the g melodic minor using variations in bowing articulation. incorporating rudimentary aspects of vibrato into their playing. playing a natural harmonic on each string. 2006 Page 31 of 56 . PO 110. playing all major and minor scales in two or three octave (where possible) plus the g melodic minor using variations in bowing articulation. aurally distinguishing and performing on their instrument half and whole steps. C and F major. triads. Distinction PO 406. PO 308. performing vibrato (with any of the four fingers). playing natural harmonics of an octave. PO 107. PO108. a. G. and F major one octave scales. PO 307. using appropriate bow length and weight for flautando. Advanced PO 306. PO 309. recognizing pitch discrepancies and responding appropriately in a unison context. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. and arpeggios in additional major keys (playing in at least one position higher than first with technical facility). producing a characteristic tone quality on their instrument.

playing. PO 313. constant or changing tempi. and mood or style indicators. crescendo. performing solo or ensemble pieces at grade level 3-5 on a scale of 1-6. PO 113. playing and performing music from a wide variety of genres. PO 213. Distinction PO 412. cultures.. sight reading music comparable to one level below performance level. playing complex melodies in several keys. playing simple melodies in at least two keys. and/or auditioning using music from a wide variety of genres.g.. and styles. four. Advanced PO 311. responding to a variety of conducting cues (e. PO 114. and styles. PO 115. PO 314. sight reading simple rhythmic and melodic exercises one level below performance level. cultures. simple duple/ triple patterns. playing simple music from a variety of genres. sight reading music comparable to one level below performance level. performing solo or ensemble pieces at grade level 1-2 on a scale of 1-6.g. PO 215. cutoffs). performing. PO 416. sight reading rhythmic and melodic exercises and/or music one level below performance level. playing by rote rhythmic. playing by rote short rhythmic. playing by rote rhythmic. performing solo or ensemble pieces at grade level 2-3 on a scale of 1-6. melodic and/or intervallic patterns in major and minor key signatures up to four sharps and four flats. melodic and/or intervallic patterns (two octaves) while maintaining a steady beat. Intermediate PO 211.g. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. legato). two. PO 413. decrescendo. PO 212. transposing a simple melody (e. playing simple melodies in several keys. three. PO 112. and/or intervallic patterns (one octave) while maintaining a steady beat. entrance cue.Arizona Music Standards Beginning PO 111. PO 214.. and styles. responding to various patterns and cues representing meters in one. performing solo or ensemble pieces at grade level 6 on a scale of 1-6. PO 116. cultures. PO 316. PO 312. PO 315. dore-mi on different strings). 2006 Page 32 of 56 . melodic. five or six beat patterns. PO 216. responding to a variety of conducting cues (e.

Distinction Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Beginning PO 101. melodies. and accompaniments. improvising simple melodic phrases and simple accompaniment patterns over a simple chord progression (e.g. improvising simple melodic lines utilizing whole. variations. 12 bar blues). half. Intermediate PO 201.Arizona Music Standards Performing Ensembles: Orchestra/Strings Strand 1: Create Concept 3: Improvising rhythms. improvising simple melodic figures or phrases within teacher specified guidelines. tonic-dominant. 2006 Page 33 of 56 . Advanced PO 301. and quarter notes/rests in a beginning level key..

Arizona Music Standards Performing Ensembles: Orchestra/Strings Strand 1: Create Concept 4: Composing and arranging music Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Beginning PO 101. Advanced PO 301. composing rhythmic and melodic exercises within teacher specified guidelines. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. or solo with accompaniment. 2006 Page 34 of 56 . creating short compositions for duet or small ensemble. composing simple melodic motives or phrases within teacher specified guidelines. a minimum of 8 measures within teacher specified guidelines. composing a musical work for small or large ensemble. Distinction PO 401. Intermediate PO 201.

Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. 2/2). 3/4.. phrasing. PO 203. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Beginning PO 101. phrasing.. dynamics. playing expressively on pitch and in rhythm. tempo markings encountered in the repertoire (e. reading music in simple meters (e. accent and fermata). and tempo markings encountered in the repertoire. 2006 Page 35 of 56 . identifying and applying musical terms and symbols appropriate to the repertoire encountered. using appropriate terminology to describe and explain music encountered in the repertoire. PO 102. Advanced PO 301. reading and notating music in simple and compound meters (e. playing expressively on pitch and in rhythm. identifying and applying musical terms and symbols appropriate to the repertoire encountered. dynamics. 4/4. cut time). playing expressively on pitch and in rhythm. 6/8. ritardando. staccato. PO 303. marcato. Intermediate PO 201. using appropriate terminology to describe and explain music encountered in the repertoire. PO 302. cut time). tempo markings encountered in the repertoire. PO 103. 9/8.. PO 204.g. identifying and applying musical terms and symbols appropriate to the repertoire encountered.g. (e. 3/8. 6/8. PO 104.Arizona Music Standards Performing Ensembles: Orchestra/Strings Strand 1: Create Concept 5: Reading and notating music.. dynamics. tenuto and harmonic markings). legato. 6/4.. phrasing.g.g. reading and notating music in various meters (e.g. 2/4. PO 30 4. using appropriate terminology to describe and explain music encountered in the repertoire. Distinction PO 202.

time signatures. describing and playing simple musical forms as encountered in the repertoire. 2006 Page 36 of 56 . PO 106. describing and playing musical forms as encountered in the repertoire. and accidentals to repertoire.Arizona Music Standards Beginning PO 105. synthesizing characteristics of musical structure and form into performance practice. applying key signatures. describing and playing musical forms as encountered in the repertoire. PO 206. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. and accidentals to repertoire. time signature. Distinction PO 406. Intermediate PO 205. applying key signatures. PO 306. and accidentals. Advanced PO 305. explaining the function of the key signature. time signatures.

2006 Page 37 of 56 .g. conducting. PO 304. alone and with others. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Beginning PO 101. maintaining a steady beat. PO 202. music from various genres and diverse cultures. singing with proper posture with minimal prompting. adjusting and matching pitches and demonstrating a consistent ability to tune to self and other voices or instruments. Intermediate PO 201.Arizona Music Standards Performing Ensembles: Choir Strand 1: Create Concept 1: Singing. instruments). maintaining a steady beat with visual assistance (e. PO 404. recognizing the macro and micro beat.g. PO 103. clapping. and coordinated onsets and releases and developing ability to use coordinated onsets and release with occasional prompting. adjusting and matching pitches and developing an awareness of tuning to self and other voices or instruments. glottal. maintaining a steady beat with auditory assistance (e. exhibiting an understanding through appropriate movement (e. thicker. PO 303. metronome. assuming correct singing posture with no teacher prompting. and coordinated onsets and releases and developing ability to use coordinated onsets and release with frequent prompting. singing with proper posture with frequent prompting. conductor’s cues). adjusting and matching pitches. PO 203. tapping feet. glottal. maintaining a steady beat without external assistance.. tuning more complex chords (e. glottal. PO 403.. Advanced PO 301. PO 102. dissonant. PO 302. using breathy.g. PO 204.g. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. PO 402. Distinction PO 401. using breathy. recognizing breathy. choreography). singing with proper posture with occasional prompting. PO 104. jazz chords) with an understanding of the importance of their pitch within the chord structure.. using correct form of onset for style of music with no teacher prompting. and coordinated onsets and releases and developing ability to use coordinated onsets and release with minimal prompting.

recognizing and using chest. PO 109. PO 308. head. using the articulators to produce clarity of consonants and purity of vowels with frequent prompting. classical. jazz. using chest. 2006 Page 38 of 56 . and/or falsetto registrations appropriately with occasional prompting. spirituals. and/or falsetto registrations appropriately with frequent prompting. singing with a resonant. using the articulators to produce clarity of consonants and purity of vowels with occasional prompting. classical. choreography. singing a vocal part while maintaining a balance of volume and blend of vocal quality with at least one member of the same section utilizing level 2-4 choral literature in beginning mixed formations. clear and free tone with minimal prompting. recognizing and using chest.Arizona Music Standards Beginning PO 105. PO 206. jazz. jazz. PO 209. using the articulators to produce clarity of consonants and purity of vowels with minimal prompting. mariachi. Advanced PO 305.. singing a variety of choral music representing various genres (e. jazz. PO 309. spirituals. spirituals.g. African) in at least three parts at a difficulty level of 2-4 on a scale of 1-6. singing a variety of choral music representing various genres (e.g. singing a vocal part while maintaining a balance of volume and blend of vocal quality with other members of the ensemble using level 3-5 choral literature in choral formations requiring processions. PO 407. classical. developing an awareness of singer’s resonance by describing the sensations that occur to produce a clear and free tone with frequent prompting. Distinction PO 405.g. PO 106. and/or falsetto registrations appropriately with minimal prompting. spirituals. recessions. folk songs. singing with a resonant.. and more complex mixed formations. PO 208. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. clear and free tone with no prompting. folk songs. singing with a resonant. classical. PO 307. and/or choreography. head and/or falsetto registrations appropriately with no teacher prompting. singing a vocal part while maintaining a balance of volume and blend of vocal quality with other members of the same section utilizing level 1-3 choral literature in a standard choral formation. PO 207. mariachi. clear and free tone with occasional prompting. African) in unison and two parts at a difficulty level of 1-3 on a scale of 1-6. PO 306. African) in at least four parts at a difficulty level of 3-5 on a scale of 1-6.. PO 406. folk songs.. Intermediate PO 205.g. mariachi. head. using the articulators to produce clarity of consonants and purity of vowels with no teacher prompting. head. singing a variety of choral music representing various genres (e. folk songs. PO 409 singing a variety of choral music representing various genres (e. using chest. mariachi. PO 107. PO 108. PO 408 singing and holding vocal parts by themselves while maintaining a balance of volume and blend of vocal quality with other members of the ensemble using advanced mixed arrangements or more complex movement. African) in 4-8 parts at a difficulty level of 4-6 or collegiate level.

PO 215.. PO 415 using technology and multimedia to enhance knowledge and application of vocal technique (e. PO 111. responding to basic conducting gestures.g. tempi. instructional DVDs. recordings. PO 112.g. singing music with a capella sections in rehearsal and performance settings. singing a variety of music literature with appropriate dynamics. recordings. PO 212. Intermediate PO 210.g. PO 313. singing a cappella music in a performance setting. warm ups. articulation. conducting an ensemble on beginning level literature. PO 314. singing a variety of music literature with appropriate. instructional DVDs. dynamics. Singing a cappella music in mixed formations (as opposed to standard SATB sections) or with one person to a part. balance. tempi. and blend by correctly reading and interpreting printed scores and applying stylistic knowledge. Advanced PO 310. computer applications).g. and blend with frequent assistance from teacher. PO 315. PO 414. PO 213. and blend with occasional assistance from the teacher. PO 113. timbre. PO 211.. instructional DVDs. singing music in 1-3 different languages with correct pronunciation. instructional DVDs. using technology and multimedia to enhance knowledge and application of vocal technique (e. computer applications). singing and performing level 3-4 literature from memory PO 412. singing music in 5 or more different languages with correct pronunciation. timbre. singing music in 2-4 different languages with correct pronunciation.g.. phrasing.Arizona Music Standards Beginning PO 110. PO 311. PO 411. phrasing. balance.. and blend with minimal assistance from the teacher.. PO 114. singing a cappella in rehearsal settings (e. PO 413. singing music in 3-5 different languages with correct pronunciation. computer applications). rounds). using technology and multimedia to enhance knowledge and application of vocal technique (e.. balance. Distinction PO 410. timbre. PO 115. computer applications). articulation. responding to various conducting gestures and patterns including changing and mixed meters. singing and performing advanced level literature from memory with a shorter rehearsal span and/or performing extended works (e. PO 312.. 2006 Page 39 of 56 . articulation balance. singing a variety of music literature with appropriate . recordings. singing a cappella music in rehearsal settings. singing a variety of music literature with appropriate dynamics. tempi. PO 214. singing and performing level 1-3 literature from memory. recordings. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. using technology and multimedia to enhance knowledge and application of vocal technique (e. responding to deviation in conducting patterns for stylistic interpretation. singing and performing level 3-5 literature from memory. phrasing. Messiah).g.

jazz band.) to singing. adding moderate instrumental accompaniments (e. using choir members when feasible. Advanced PO 301.g. orchestra. wind ensemble. music from various genres and diverse cultures. etc. wind ensemble. small combo or chamber ensemble) to singing. adding complex instrumental accompaniment (e. mariachi ensemble. Intermediate PO 201.Arizona Music Standards Performing Ensembles: Choir Strand 1: Create Concept 2: Playing instruments. using choir members. adding simple instrumental accompaniments (e. adding complex instrumental accompaniment (e.g. jazz band. student musicians or professional musicians. Distinction PO 401. using choir members when feasible. 2006 Page 40 of 56 . percussion ensemble.. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Beginning PO 101. percussion ensemble. using choir members when feasible. hand percussion instruments or solo instrument) singing. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26.g. mariachi ensemble) to singing. orchestra. alone and with others.g.

jazz. aleatoric.g. aleatoric. Advanced PO 301. jazz gospel. using advanced solo improvisation techniques when required by the literature (e. jazz. [see Strand 1. blues). gospel.. variations. 2006 Page 41 of 56 .Arizona Music Standards Performing Ensembles: Choir Strand 1: Create Concept 3: Improvising rhythms. using appropriate improvisation techniques when required by the literature (e. using appropriate improvisation techniques when required by the literature (e. Intermediate PO 201. and accompaniments.g.. blues).g. gospel. Concept using appropriate improvisation techniques when required by the literature (e.g. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Beginning PO 101. aleatoric. melodies. jazz. Distinction PO 401. blues). Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. blues). gospel... aleatoric.

arranging short sections of a song within teacher specified guidelines using standard notation and a variety of musical elements. creating complete compositions a minimum of 16 measures in length using teacher specified guidelines.g. composing software. creating short compositions with a minimum of 4 measures within teacher specified guidelines using standard notation. Intermediate PO 201. 2006 Page 42 of 56 . creating short compositions with a minimum of 8 measures within teacher specified guidelines using standard notation. PO 202. composing a variation of a theme by replacing or changing some of the note values and/or pitches. PO 203 using technology and multimedia to enhance knowledge and application of composing and arranging music (e. etc. sequencing software. changing musical elements within a given song to demonstrate how the compositional choices effect the song. PO 103. etc. PO 302.g..). sequencing software. PO 403 using technology and multimedia to enhance knowledge and application of composing and arranging music (e.). composing software. etc.Arizona Music Standards Performing Ensembles: Choir Strand 1: Create Concept 4: Composing and arranging music Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Beginning PO 101.g. tone color. tempo) can effect the style of the music. Advanced PO 301. sequencing software. composing software. sequencing software. describing how the changing elements of music (e. etc. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. PO 402. Distinction PO 401. PO 102.). creating complete compositions a minimum of 16measures in length using student chosen guidelines and any notional system. using technology and multimedia to enhance knowledge and application of composing and arranging music (e.). PO 303 using technology and multimedia to enhance knowledge and application of composing and arranging music (e.g. composing software.g. dynamics.

and dotted notes and rests in complex and changing meters. quarter. half. whole tone scales and modes and identifying whole and half step patterns. 5ths and octaves. Advanced PO 301. and/or notating a series of pitches within a major scale utilizing mostly stepwise motion and beginning work on intervals of 3rds. reading. repeat signs and double bar lines. identifying. reading singing. identifying and utilizing common score symbols in at least 3 part literature. singing major scales and identifying whole and half step patterns. sixteenth.g. reading. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Beginning PO 101. reading. identifying and utilizing all score symbols in 6to 8 part literature. half. identifying.. note names) in 1 or 2 part literature. 2006 Page 43 of 56 . singing major. reading. PO 402. reading. quarter and eighth notes and rests in simple meters. 5ths and octaves. identifying and/or notating a series of pitches within major and minor and modes utilizing all intervals. identifying and utilizing all score symbols in at least 4 part literature. sixteenth. and dotted notes and rests in complex and changing meters at faster tempos. PO 304. fermata. Distinction PO 401. and adding the intervals of 4ths and 6ths. dotted half. performing. PO 203. quarter. PO 202. sixteenth. singing. whole tone scales and identifying whole and half step patterns. minor. reading performing. PO 302. singing. and/or notating a series of pitches within major and minor scales continuing work on 3rd. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. minor. singing major. identifying and notating whole. . PO 404. PO 303. performing. identifying and notating whole. identifying and notating whole. chromatic. reading. half. eighth. performing. PO 104.Arizona Music Standards Performing Ensembles: Choir Strand 1: Create Concept 5: Reading and notating music. PO 403. PO 204. quarter. and dotted notes and rests in simple and complex meters. PO103. chromatic. PO 102. half. eighth. Intermediate PO 201. singing major and minor scales and identifying whole and half step patterns. and/or notating a series of pitches within major and minor scales utilizing all intervals. identifying and notating whole. identifying. identifying and utilizing basic scoresymbols (e. singing. eighth.

recordings. sight-singing melodies with disjunct motion adding the intervals of 7ths and intervals larger than an octave utilizing a methodology (such as solfège or numbers). recordings. sight-singing examples or literature in 2-3 part homophonic and simple polyphonic texture.g.g. sight-singing melodies with stepwise motion and intervals of 3rds. PO 306. recordings. and octaves utilizing a methodology (such as solfège or numbers). PO 407. PO 406. sight-singing examples or literature in 4-6 part homophonic and polyphonic texture. instructional DVDs.. computer applications).. sight-singing melodies with disjunct motion adding the intervals of 4ths and 6ths utilizing a methodology (such as solfège or numbers). Distinction PO 405. Sibelius – music notation software). Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. PO 206. computer applications). using technology and multimedia to enhance knowledge and application of reading and notating music (e.g. instructional DVDs. using technology to create multi-media projects on selected music topics (e. PO 207. computer applications). sight singing examples or literature in 5-8 part complex homophonic and polyphonic texture.Arizona Music Standards Beginning PO 105. 5ths. 2006 Page 44 of 56 . using Finale. instructional DVDs.. PO 307. PO 107.g. using technology and multimedia to enhance knowledge and application of reading and notating music (e. Intermediate PO 205. PO 106 sight-singing examples or literature in unison or two-part homophonic texture. sight-singing melodies with greater rhythmic and textural complexity utilizing a methodology (such as solfège or numbers). Advanced PO 305. using technology and multimedia to enhance knowledge and application of reading and notating music (e.

g. 203 recognizing composers’ motivations for creating the music being performed by the students. PO 303. Intermediate PO 201. Explaining how music can be transcribed from one medium to another (e. and other disciplines outside the arts. transcribing music from one medium to another (e.g. PO. recognizing the relationship between music and various functions/events (e. specific to content area). recognizing and applying the relationship between rhythm and mathematics as it occurs in the repertoire. PO 204... analyzing the relationship between music and various functions/ events (e.g. one instrument to another one ensemble to another). one ensemble to another).g.g.. specific to content area). explaining and applying the relationship between rhythm and mathematics as it occurs in the repertoire. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26.Arizona Music Standards Performing Ensembles Strand 2: Relate Concept 1: Understanding the relationships among music.. explaining the relationship between music and various functions/ events (e.g. Distinction PO 402. one instrument to another.. PO 302. PO 202. recognizing composers’ motivations for creating the music being performed by the students. identifying how music can be transcribed from one music medium to another (e. PO 104.. one instrument to another one ensemble to another). Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Beginning PO 101. Advanced PO 301. recognizing composers’ motivations for creating the music being performed for the students. the arts. 2006 Page 45 of 56 . PO 103. analyzing and applying the relationship between rhythm and mathematics as it occurs in the repertoire. PO 304. specific to content area).

Advanced PO 305. posture. PO 106.g. movement in dance. emotions. manipulating the physical properties of voice/instrument to create a spectrum of sounds and effects (e. breathing. PO 408. 2006 Page 46 of 56 . breathing. describing and applying the physical factors essential to playing/singing within the repertoire (e. recognizing the connections between music and other content areas as encountered in the repertoire. emotions.g. PO 309. PO 209. posture. vowel change). bowings). analyzing and correcting one’s own physical mechanics essential to playing/singing within the repertoire. analyzing and applying the effect the voice/instrument’s physical properties has on its sound as student skill level increases.. PO 107. bowings). Distinction PO 407. PO 308. PO 206 exploring the connections between choral text and language arts and social studies (choral only). images in art. or ideas (e. describing and applying the physical factors essential to playing/singing within the repertoire (e. PO 310. exploring the connections between choral text and language arts and social studies (choral only).Arizona Music Standards Beginning PO 105.. analyzing and applying the effect the voice/instrument’s physical properties has on its sound as student skill level increases. fingerings. fingerings.. words in poetry). sound in music. scenes. timbre/color. PO 210. images in art.. analyzing how the basic elements of two or more arts disciplines can be used to express similar events. comparing how the basic elements of two or more arts disciplines can be used to express similar events. movement in dance.g. or ideas (e. PO 410. bowings). recognizing acoustic properties as they effect the performers and the performance space.g. or ideas (e. words in poetry) Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26.. sound in music. PO 208.. scenes. images in art.g. analyzing and applying the effect the voice/instrument’s physical properties has on its sound as student skill level increases. scenes.g. words in poetry). movement in dance. exploring the connections between choral text and language arts and social studies (choral only). adjusting to acoustic properties as they affect the performers and the performance space. flutter tonguing. sound in music. analyzing how the basic elements of all arts disciplines can be used to express similar events.. recognizing the connections between music and other content areas as encountered in the repertoire. PO 108. Intermediate PO 205. breathing. PO 207. posture. fingerings. PO 306.g. recognizing the connections between music and other content areas as encountered in the repertoire. describing and applying the physical factors essential to playing/singing within the repertoire (e. PO 307. emotions. bending pitch.

PO 305. Distinction PO 401. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Beginning PO 101. PO 302. PO 104. playing/singing a varied repertoire of music utilizing appropriate stylistic elements reflective of history and culture. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. applying appropriate audience behavior in the context and style of music being performed. PO 304. recognizing the origins and development of instrumental/vocal music. Intermediate PO 201. identifying and comparing a varied repertoire of music from diverse genres and musical styles. investigating the origins and development of instrumental/vocal music. identifying and analyzing the context in which the composer wrote the work being played or sung. identifying the composers of the works being sung/ played. 2006 Page 47 of 56 . applying the developmental and historical characteristics of instrumental/vocal music to performance practice. identifying and comparing a varied repertoire of music from diverse genres and musical styles. PO 103. playing/singing a varied repertoire of music utilizing appropriate stylistic elements reflective of history and culture. PO 105. PO 203. PO 406. PO 102. applying appropriate audience behavior in the context and style of music being performed. PO 202. naming the contributions of significant composers and performers specific to the music they play/sing.Arizona Music Standards Performing Ensembles Strand 2: Relate Concept 2: Understanding music in relation to history and culture. PO 205. Advanced PO 301. describing the origins and development of instrumental/vocal music. PO 204. identifying and comparing a varied repertoire of music from diverse genres and musical styles. identifying and applying appropriate audience behavior in the context and style of music being performed. PO 303. identifying and discussing the composers of the works being sung/ played. playing/singing a varied repertoire of music utilizing appropriate stylistic elements reflective of history and culture.

2006 Page 48 of 56 . PO 208. PO 308. Distinction Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26.Arizona Music Standards Beginning PO 106. identifying various roles of music in daily experiences. Intermediate PO 206. identifying various roles of music in daily experiences. identifying the musical characteristics that make a piece of music appropriate for a specific event or function. identifying and discussing the roles/careers musicians play in various societies. explaining and applying the musical characteristics that make a piece of music appropriate for a specific event or function. PO 207. explaining and applying the musical characteristics that make a piece of music appropriate for a specific event or function. PO 107. PO 307. identifying and discussing the roles/careers musicians play in various societies and investigate opportunities for life long participation in music. Advanced PO 306. identifying various roles of music in daily experiences.

Advanced PO 301. PO 104. explaining their musical preference for specific musical works and styles. PO 304.g. PO 203. contrast. describing the various ways that music conveys universal themes (e.Arizona Music Standards Performing Ensembles: ALL Strand 2: Relate Concept 3: Understanding music in relation to self and universal themes. reflecting on the roles and impact music plays in their lives and the lives of others. describing specific musical characteristics that influence their preference for specific musical works and styles. contrast. expressing personal reactions to musical experiences.g. identify the various ways that music conveys universal themes (e.g. identifying the roles and impact music plays in their lives and the lives of others. PO 303. emotion). discussing the roles and impact music plays in their lives and the lives of others. explaining. Identifying and explaining music preferences (I like it because…) PO 202. PO 302... conflict. Identifying. Distinguish music preferences (I like it because…) from music judgments (It is good because…) from cultural judgments (It is important because…) Distinction PO 401.. PO 102. PO 204. Intermediate PO 201. PO 103. describing the various ways that music conveys universal themes (e. emotion). conflict. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Beginning PO 101. describing their preference for specific musical works and styles. conflict. and identifying which musical aspects evoke these reactions. and distinguishing music preferences (I like it because…) from music judgments (It is good because…) Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. 2006 Page 49 of 56 . contrast. emotion).

Arizona Music Standards Performing Ensembles Strand 3: Evaluate Concept 1: Listening to. PO 205. PO 102. identifying the sounds of the instruments/voices specific to their ensemble. describing music from various cultures and genres. 2006 Page 50 of 56 . PO 103. PO 302. Distinction Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. comparing/contrasting the performance of a solo/ensemble in relation to the genre or style performed. listening to music from various cultures and genres. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Beginning PO 101. comparing/contrasting the performance of a solo/ensemble in relation to the genre or style performed. describing and analyzing the musical characteristics that make a piece of music appropriate for a specific event. analyzing music from various cultures and genres. Intermediate PO 201. identifying instruments/\voices by family/voice type. PO 305. PO 104. PO 202. Advanced PO 301. and describing music. analyzing. identifying and describing the musical characteristics that make a piece of music appropriate for a specific event. identifying the musical characteristics that make a piece of music appropriate for a specific event.

harmony. using appropriate terminology to describe and explain music. vibrato) of music. PO 308. accompaniment. 2006 Page 51 of 56 . listening to musical examples with sustained attention. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26.. or in tune by listening to a pitch reference/ensemble. PO 112.g. dynamics. identifying whether an instrument/voice is in tune by listening to a pitch reference. listening to musical examples with sustained attention. PO 309. analyzing the expressive qualities (e.Arizona Music Standards Beginning PO 106. harmony. harmony. identifying the elements of music in the repertoire. PO 212. PO 311. foreground/background) within the texture of the ensemble. dynamics..g. PO 209. melody. determining whether the instrument/voice is sharp. PO 310. listening to musical examples with sustained attention. comparing and analyzing multiple interpretations of the same piece of music. melody. accompaniment. accompaniment. vibrato) of music used to create different moods or feelings. PO 111. PO 110. PO 211. melody.. Distinction PO 109. tempo. using appropriate terminology to describe and explain music. Intermediate PO 206. tempo. PO 207. identifying the expressive qualities (e.g.. using appropriate terminology to describe and explain music. describing the expressive qualities (e.g. Advanced PO 306. or in tune by listening to a pitch reference/ensemble. analyzing their role (e. identifying and explaining the elements of music in the repertoire. phrasing. phrasing. identifying and explaining the elements of music in the repertoire. comparing multiple interpretations of the same piece of music. phrasing. PO 307. PO 210.g. flat. PO 107. PO 312.. foreground/background) within the texture of the ensemble.g. identifying their role (e. PO 208. flat. vibrato) of music used to create different moods or feelings. describing their role (e. dynamics. foreground/background) within the texture of the ensemble. determining whether the instrument/voice is sharp.. tempo.

Advanced PO 301. Distinction PO 402. using teacher specified criteria to evaluate a musical performance. showing respect for personal work and the work of others through appropriate critique. using student specified criteria to evaluate a musical performance. evaluating the effect of audience and performers’ behavior on the performance. evaluating musical experiences orally and in writing with appropriate critique and terminology. analyzing the experience(s) of their performance and the performance of others. PO 205. 2006 Page 52 of 56 . showing respect for personal work and the work of others through appropriate critique. showing respect for personal work and the work of others through appropriate critique. PO 104. analyzing the characteristics that evoke a temperament or mood in a piece of music. identifying the characteristics that evoke a temperament or mood in a piece of music. PO 405. describing the characteristics that evoke a temperament or mood in a piece of music. PO 102. evaluating the effect of audience and performers’ behavior on the performance. PO 305.Arizona Music Standards Performing Ensembles Strand 3: Evaluate Concept 2: Evaluating music and music performances. Analyzing and articulating the quality of their performances and the performances of others. Intermediate PO 201. describing the experience(s) of their performance and the performance of others. PO 204. PO 303. PO 203. PO 103. PO 202. PO 302. PO 304. PO 105 reflecting on the experience(s) of their performance and the performance of others. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. evaluating the effect of audience and performers’ behavior on the performance. using teacher or student specified criteria to evaluate a musical performance. Students will demonstrate proficiency by: Beginning PO 101.

A person who directs a group in the performance of music. the first of which is repeated after performing the second. A musical form in which a melody is imitated exactly in one or more parts. The term describes both the characteristic melancholy state of mind and the eight-. One soloist/group performs with the second soloist/group entering “in response” to the first. Usually written for others to perform. The science of sound. breaths) Usual term for gradually decreasing in volume. related to. the manner in which notes are performed. the most common is12 bars long.Arizona Music Standards Arizona Music Standards Glossary of Terms A-B/ A-B-A Musical forms The organization of sections of a musical work. 2006 Page 53 of 56 . jazz. The notes of a chord played one after another instead of simultaneously. A secular black American folk music of the 20th century. entrances. Lips. dynamics. represented by letters that depict similar and contrasting sections. vowels. but separate from. Giving prominence to a specific musical note. Usual term for gradually increasing in volume. singly or in groups.bar harmonic progressions that form the basis for blues improvisation.g.g. Unit of measure of rhythmic time. Three or more tones sounded simultaneously. Having to do with the ear or the sense of hearing.g. 7th and (to a lesser extent) 5th scale degrees. A-B refers to a work with two distinct parts. A-B-A refers to a work with two distinct parts.. A symbol written at the beginning of a musical staff indicating which notes are represented by which lines and spaces. c to c#) A scale of half steps with 12 tones to an octave. although it is also used elsewhere. to a greater or lesser extent. Term applied to music in which certain choices in composition or realization are. Creation of original music by organizing sound. left to chance or whim. The other characteristic is the ‘blue note’. Tapping the strings with the stick of the bow. tongue and throat when used to shape consonants. “In the chapel”: term for choral music sung without instrumental accompaniment. by a performer. 12-. tonic-dominant. Balance between the muscular activity of the vocal chords and the air pressure beneath them is exactly right for easy. A Cappella Accent Accompaniment Acoustics Aleatoric Arpeggio Articulation Articulators Aural Beat Blues (12-bar blues) Call and Response Canon Chord Chord Progression Chromatic Chromatic Scale Clef Col Legno Composer Composition Conductor Coordinated onset Crescendo Cues Decrescendo Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. and 32. Similar to a round. a microtonal flattening of the 3rd. The separation of successive notes from one another. A person who writes compositions. and the manner in which this is done. give cut offs.(E. 12 bar blues) Movement by half steps (e. efficient production of high-quality period. A structure that is most often associated with African musical forms. Succession of harmonic content in time. Motions made by a conductor to assist a performing ensemble (e. embouchure in vocal music production. A subordinate vocal and/or instrumental part or parts added to a principal part or parts. teeth..

Varying degrees of volume in the performance of music. A group of musicians. and rhythms. A broad. text and/or lyrics. attention to phrasing and interpretation. may include changes of tempo. half. the chord build on the 5th degree of the scale. A classification system used by performing ensembles: Level 1: very easy. a key based on a major scale. whole.Arizona Music Standards Descant Detache Diatonic Scale Diction Disjunct Dominant Chord Double stops Dynamics Elements of Music Embouchure Ensemble Fermata Flautando Form Genre Glottal onset or stop Harmonic Harmony Homophonic Improvisation Interval Intonation Legato Levels of difficulty An obbligato part that soars above the tune. Half. rhythm. whole. Spontaneous creation of music. contains key signatures with numerous sharps or flats. dynamics. Level 2: easy. and varied interpretive requirements. madrigal. Pause A flutelike effect produced by bowing very slightly over the fingerboard. The notes found within a major or minor scale. texture. A scale that contains the following step patterns: whole. Singing or playing in tune. The combining of notes simultaneously.") Pertaining to harmony. whole. tempo. Level 4: moderately difficult. complex rhythms. expanded ranges. and ability to perform various meters and rhythms in a variety of keys. Level 6: very difficult. easy keys. opera. whole. pitch.. subtle dynamic requirements. oratorio. whole. whole. vigorous stroke in which the notes of equal time value are bowed singly with a slight articulation owing to the rapid change of bow. lullaby. march. Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. 1991) Major Key Major scale Tonally. a scale that contains the following step pattern: whole. whole. The glottal (stop) is the sound made when the vocal chords are pressed together to stop the flow of air then released. 2006 Page 54 of 56 . gospel. jazz.g. Texture where voices or instruments sound together or in which all the parts move in the same rhythm. (adapted with permission from the New York State School Music Association (NYSSMA) Manual. Dixieland).g. for a glottal onset practice saying "egg. The distance between two pitches. The structure. Enunciation of words in singing A term applied to a melodic line that moves by leap rather than in conjunct motion (by step). art song. Melody. suitable for musically mature students of exceptional competence. contains moderate technical demands. half. requires advanced technical and interpretive skills. requires well-developed technical skills. On a string instrument. barbershop. limited ranges. whole. work song. modest ranges. A type or kind of musical work (e. Level 3: moderately easy. The proper position of the lips in the playing of wind instruments. playing two notes simultaneously. timbre. suite. Level 5: difficult. and is the sound in the middle of the interjection unoh (e. key. usual meters. and meter. form. meters. half. harmony. In tonal music. To be played without any perceptible interruption between the notes. shape or organizing principal of music..

A minor scale that has the sixth and seventh scale degrees raised one half step while ascending. The grouping of rhythmic pulses or beats by which a piece of music is measured. the moment where phonation begins in the vocal folds. The compass of an instrument or voice. whole. half. String term describing high tones of a flute-like timbre that are produced by lightly touching the string at one of its nodes instead of pressing it down. An organized sequence of single notes. Referring to vocal sound production. whole. a key based on a minor scale. String term describing the places on the fingerboard to which the left hand shifts in order to obtain higher or lower tones. whole. a scale that contains the following step pattern: whole. This includes falsetto. put an "h" in front of your tone. an effect obtained by releasing each stroke forcefully and suddenly. Tonally. and in natural form while descending. The combinations of long and short. whole. Referring to vocal sound production.Arizona Music Standards Martele Melodic Minor Melody Meter Meter Signature Meters Minor Key Minor scale Mode Modulation Motives Natural Harmonic Notation Octave Onsets (see also glottal or coordinated) Ostinato Partner Songs Pentatonic Scale Phrase Phrasing Pitch Pizzicato Polyphonic Ponticello Position Range Registration In string performance. A musical interval of 8 degrees or steps. The creation by a vibrating body of vibrations in another body. Method or methods used for writing down music. half. A short figure of characterstic design that recurs throughout a composition or section as a unifying element. even and uneven sounds that convey a sense of movement in time. An indicator of the meter of a musical work. the interval between those notes. the term used to denote various theories of how the human voice changes. Indication that the string is to be plucked with the finger Music arranged for several voices or instruments in which parts enter individually at different times. Tonally. for a coordinated onset sing "meow" like a cat. the denominator indicates the unit of measurement (note) and the numerator indicates the number of units (notes) that make up a measure.g. both subjectively and objectively. A body or selection of musical works/pieces.. whole. The bridge of a string instrument. whole. Two or more totally independent songs that have the same harmonic structure and can be sung together at the same time. for a glottal onset practice saying "egg." or an aspirate onset. a hammered stroke. whole. The location of a note related to its highness or lowness. Repertoire Resonance Rhythm Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. The selection of tones arranged in a scale that form the basic tonal substance of a composition. usually presented in the form of a fraction. 2006 Page 55 of 56 . minor third. Musical notes 8 steps apart carry the same letter name and sound similar due to their acoustical properties. creating sound (e. or of a piece of music. May refer to human singing and/or instrumental playing. half. A rhythmic or melodic accompaniment figure repeated continuously. whole. whole. the change from one key or tonal center to another. A scale that contains the following step patterns: whole. from the lowest note to the highest. as it moves through its pitch range. a scale having five tones and containing no half steps. head and chest voices. The pattern of beats by which the timespan of a piece of music is measured. whole. A musical idea comparable to a sentence or a clause in language The clear and meaningful rendition of musical phrases. half. Tonally. Most commonly: whole.

In tonal music. 2006 Page 56 of 56 . The writing down of music. rhythm. melody. The style of a composition is its manner of treating form. Musical example: Spring from Vivalidi’s The Four Seasons. Performing a written piece of music by memory. The placement of rhythmic accents on weak beats or weak portions of beats. A chord of three notes consisting of a root. The meter indicated at the beginning of a piece by two numbers. a five-line staff has been the most widely used type since early 13th century. To write or perform music in a different key. In Western music. usually with regard to the way individual parts or voices are put together (e. A scale that divides the scale into six equal. tempered whole tones. A score is normally vertically aligned so as to represent visually the musical coordination desired in performance. The tonal center of a composition. The organized notation of all of the instrumental and/or vocal parts of a composition. on. A system of designating verbal syllables for the degrees (steps or intervals) of a scale. A gradual slowing of tempo. Term describing the tonal quality of a sound.. a clarinet and an oboe sounding the same note are said to produce different timbres. homophonic). A manner of performance indicated by a dot placed over a note calling for a reduction of its written duration A set of lines. A curved line placed above or below a group of notes to indicate that they are to be played legato. Common name for a circle canon in which each musician returns from the conclusion of the melody to its beginning repeating it ad libitum. a third and fifth above it. with contrasting sections in between. the chord build on the 1st note of the scale (the tonal center).Arizona Music Standards Ricochet Ritardando Rondo Form Rote Round Scale Score Throwing the bow on the string in the upper third of the bow so it will produce a rapid series of notes. The arrangement of notes in a specific order of intervals. harmony and tone color. such as ABACA. A musical form in which a section is repeated. polyphonic. above and below which notes are written. counterpoint. between. normally whole or half steps. In tonal music.g. sustained The musical element representing the different layers of horizontal and vertical sounds. Slur Solfège Staccato Staff (Staves) Style Sub-dominant Chord Syncopation Tempo (Tempi) Tenuto Texture Timbre Time Signature Tonality (key) Tonic/Tonic Chord Transcribe Transpose Triad Vibrato Whole tone scale Arizona Department of Education – Adopted June 26. The pace at which music moves according to the speed of the underlying beat Held. the chord build on the 4th degree of the scale. A slight fluctuation of pitch.