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Project Detail Design Report: Traffic Directing Light System

Lafayette School Corporation Mr. Roger Francis (Project Partner Liaison)

Ste e !alaf"t Tra is L"t# Ryan Schec$elhoff Craig %oran Ro& Fis$e

Overview of Design:
Basic Components: Traffic Light: The traffic light is compose& of fo"r faces inten&e& for "se at a fo"r
'ay intersection. (ach face is compose& of t'o sets of lights: an )*+ for stop an& t'o connecte& arro's pointing in the for'ar& an& right &irections (no left t"rns for this intersection). The lighting is a set of L(Ds, re& for the * an& green for the arro's. o The fo"r faces are interface& -y a microcontroller 'hich controls 'hether the * or arro's are lit on each face at a certain time. The lights are ens"re& not to ha e t'o &irections crossing the intersection at the same time. o The po'er for the L(Ds is &epen&ent on po'er from the microcontroller thro"gh amplifiers. (ach set of *+s an& arro's are po'ere& thro"gh a &ifferent amplifier &"e to the presence of a resistor in the green L(Ds. The amplifier is compose& of a stan&ar& )./0+ op amp. o The inp"t to the &e ice is the logic of )0+ or )1+ from the microcontroller an& appro2imately 3 olts. The o"tp"t is either a lit L(D or a non4lit L(D. Microcontrollers (Transmitting an& Recei ing): The CP5 of the system is a set of 3 microcontrollers. 6ne microcontroller is locate& in the traffic light, the other is in the control -o2. The controller in the control -o2 'ill sen& a signal to the traffic light ena-ling it to p"t forth the proper light arrangement on the light faces. The programming flo' charts are attache& to the report. o The microcontrollers are &epen&ent on a 78 po'er so"rce 'hich 'ill come "p from the city+s po'er gri& 'hich has -een confirme& as a 0318 9C signal. 9n 9C:DC con erter 'ill -e implemente& to a&j"st the oltage to operate the traffic light properly. The microcontroller 'ill release a .8 DC signal from each o"tp"t that 'ill inp"t into the amplifier to -e properly a&j"ste& to po'er the ario"s L(D light faces. o The inp"t to the transmitting microcontroller 'ill -e a signal from the p"sh-"tton of the control interface. The o"tp"t 'ill -e a logic signal transmitte& to the RF transmitter for &eli ery to the RF Recei er. The inp"t to the recei ing microcontroller 'ill -e the logic signal transferre& from the RF set an& the o"tp"t 'ill -e the logic arrangement for the ; face of the traffic light into the amplifier. RF (Ra&io Fre<"ency) Transmitter:Recei er: The t'o microcontrollers comm"nicate to each other thro"gh RF signals pro&"ce& -y a Ra&io Fre<"ency Transmitter:Recei er set. The recei er mo&"le is a =en Shing R=S4>/04?. The transmitter mo&"le is a =en Shing T=S4@S>. The set has a ;>>.73M%# fre<"ency range. The specifications sheets for -oth are attache& -elo' in the &oc"ment. The Transmitter:Recei er set comm"nicates thro"gh their respecti e &ipole antennas. The act"al antennas 'ill -e &esigne& this semester -"t not implemente& "ntil ne2t semester. o The Recei er is interface& on the -rea&-oar& locate& 'ithin the traffic light 'here it is po'ere& -y a >.? olt so"rce (a&j"ste& thro"gh a resistor). %ere it connects "p 'ith its antenna an& the microcontroller thro"gh 'hich it relays its information to. The Transmitter is interface& on the -rea&-oar& 'ithin the control -o2. %ere it is also po'ere& -y a >.? olt so"rce an& connects "p 'ith

the antenna an& the microcontroller from 'hich is sen&s the logic to the Recei er in the traffic light. o The inp"t to the transmitter is the logic signal from the microcontroller. The o"tp"t is a ra&io fre<"ency transmission that is o"tp"tte& thro"gh the antenna an& is e ent"ally sent o er to the Recei er. The inp"t to the Recei er is the ra&io fre<"ency transmission from the antenna an& the o"tp"t is the logic from the control -o2+s microcontroller 'hich is sent to the traffic light+s microcontroller. Control Anterface: Locate& in a remote location 'ill -e the control -o2. The control -o2 can -e &istance& "p to .11 feet from the traffic light to get a strong perform a strong signal transfer. 6n the control -o2 'ill -e a &iagram sho'ing 'hat each face of the traffic light is c"rrently sho'ing. This 'ill not create a fee&-ac$ loop. The information for this &iagram 'ill come &irectly from the transmitting microcontroller. o The control -o2 is &epen&ent on a 7 8olt po'er so"rce 'hich 'ill simply come from a 'all o"tlet 'ithin 'hate er location the -o2 'ill -e operating from. The po'er 'ill go &irectly into the -rea&-oar& 'here the po'er 'ill -e &istri-"te& to the ario"s components of the interface. o The inp"t to the control interface is the selection chosen -y the "ser of the system. The o"tp"t 'ill -e a signal sent from the p"sh -"ttons to the microcontroller.

Detail Design of Sub-Modules:

The &esign mo&els an& schematics of each of the a-o e s"-4mo&"les is attache& to the report.

Proof of Concepts Developed:

Bo prototypes 'ere create& &"ring the &esign process. The project 'e are creating is a prototype for &emonstration to the Lafayette School Corporation. Bo portion of the project 'as complete& for proof4of4concept.

Design Influences:
Economic: The -"&get for the project 'as rather "nlimite& so 'e &i& not ha e to a&j"st o"r &esign specifications &"e to a lac$ of finances. =e p"rchase& an Ra&io Fre<"ency set of high <"ality to ens"re proper operation an& technical s"pport. The pricing on the remain&er of the system 'as rather stan&ar& an& ine2pensi e. Environmental: The project is not harmf"l to the en ironment in any 'ay so a&j"sting to en ironmental -enefits 'as not an iss"e. =eather con&itions 'ere a aria-le that nee&e& to -e ta$en into consi&eration &"e to the fact that the light 'ill -e

locate& o"t&oors. Proper protection of the traffic light 'ill -e necessary so as to a oi& &amage &"e to rain, sno', high temperat"res, an& other e2treme 'eather con&itions. =hile o"r prototype mo&el 'ill not incl"&e any of these protecti e components, s"ggestions an& &esign specifications 'ill -e presente& to the project partner. Et ical: The traffic light system is a -enefit to the comm"nity an& a safety implementation for the proper protection of st"&ent pe&estrians an& &ri ers. (thically there are no specifications nee&e& to ens"re this consi&eration. !ealt and Safet": There is a set of fe&eral re<"irements on the &esign of traffic light systems. The follo'ing stan&ar&s ha& to -e ta$en into consi&eration thro"gho"t the &esign of the system. o Traffic light face ha& to -e of a minim"m si#e so as to -e clearly seen -y any &ri er or pe&estrian 'hose path is affecte& -y the traffic light o The -rightness of the traffic lighting m"st -e of a certain le el so as to -e clearly seen -y anyone 'hose path is affecte& -y the light o 9 long set of r"les is entaile& in the follo'ing p&f file: http:::'''.& :h<:traffops:signtech:m"tc&s"pp:p&f:cam"tc&:C9M5TC D4Part;.p&f Manufacturabilit": D"e to the fact that this project is a prototype an& not an act"al pro&"ction mo&el, there 'ere no man"fact"ra-ility consi&erations -eca"se 'e 'ill -e creating the traffic light o"rsel es. Political: 9ll the An&iana Traffic Control State Re<"irements can -e fo"n& on the follo'ing 'e-site: http:::'''.in.go :legislati e:ic:co&e:title7:ar30:ch>.html Social: The traffic light m"st ha e a -eneficial effect on the traffic flo' of the school area rather than impe&e the traffic f"rther in any 'ay. Therefore the &esign specifications m"st -e set "p to efficiently &irect the flo' of traffic. Sustainabilit": Certain components 'ere inserte& into the &esign of the traffic light to pre ent from reg"lar maintenance iss"es. %ere is a list of these components: o Crowbar: Pre ents casca&e fail"re in a parallel circ"it. An the e ent that c"rrent -ecomes impe&e& any'here in the L(D circ"it a cro'-ar 'ill ens"re that c"rrent 'ill contin"e to flo' thro"gho"t the rest of the light signal o"tsi&e of the affecte& area. o #ine Driver: Linear 9mplifier that -oosts c"rrent, "se& in applications 'here the original so"rce &oesnCt ha e eno"gh c"rrent. 5se& 'hen there are long lea& lengths ': too m"ch resisti e loss thro"gh the lines so s"fficient c"rrent is nee&e&. This &e ice 'ill -e implemente& 'ith the amplifier to ens"re po'er is s"staine& from the microcontroller to the L(D light faces. $est etics: The appearance of the traffic light is an important characteristic to the traffic light. =e ma&e s"re a proper colore& perf -oar& 'as "se& so as to ma$e the L(Ds clearly ie'a-le an& not impe&e the clearness of color on the traffic faces. Dorilla Dl"e 'as "se& to attach t'o perf -oar&s together to create the proper si#e& traffic face. Some of the gl"e seeme& o"t onto the traffic face an& ha& to -e file& &o'n to remain in isi-le. =e generally 'ant a goo& loo$ing project so as appear organi#e& in o"r &esign an& pro&"ction of the system to gain the Corporation+s appro al.

Comparison of Pro%ect to Specifications:

Similarities: o The traffic light 'ill still -e error proofe& so as not to ha e t'o &irections crossing o er the intersection at the same time. This is to a oi& acci&ents an& "phol& safety. o Control @o2 'ill still -e $ept in the principal+s office "sing p"sh -"tton control for easy "se -y a staff mem-er. o The pro&"ct 'ill still -e aesthetically &esigne& to catch the attention of all motorists an& pe&estrians. At m"st -e large eno"gh in si#e an& the L(D lighting m"st -e -right eno"gh for isi-ility. o Different traffic sche&"les 'ill -e programme& into the Transmitting Microcontroller to allo' "se at &ifferent times of the &ay as 'ell as special e ents. Differences: o 9n operator in the principal+s office 'ill no longer ha e a camera ie' of the intersection controlle& -y the traffic light. Traffic sit"ations 'ill -e relaye& -y staff 'or$ers to the office operator so as to man"ally operate the traffic light 'hen necessary. o There is no longer a left arro' on the traffic light &"e to the specification that the intersection 'ill ha e a no left t"rn policy implemente&. o =e ha e &iscar&e& to possi-ility of solar po'ering -eca"se 'e 'ill only -e co ering traffic at t'o locations 'ith t'o traffic lights. The traffic lights 'ill ha e no nee& for mo-ility therein no nee& for solar paneling. o =e 'ill no longer -e implementing a shiel& for protection of the traffic light -eca"se this mo&el is only a prototype an& 'ill not act"ally -e a& ance& into pro&"ction for act"al "se. o The light 'ill no longer -e re ie'e& to ens"re safety stan&ar&s "phel&. =hile 'e 'ill present all the safety re<"irements to the Corporation, 'e 'ill not act"ally -e implementing the safety feat"res : stan&ar&s -eca"se it is only a prototype. o The Specifications Report says that 'e 'ill -e p"rchasing a traffic light from a thir& party s"pplier. =e 'ill act"ally -e creating the traffic light o"rsel es.

Design Decision &able:

The Design Decision Ta-le is attache& as an (2cel file to the Report.

Bill of Materials:
The @ill of Materials is attache& to the report.