Of the Fullness of the Gospel
“He that will not reason is a bigot; He that cannot reason is a fool; and he that dare not reason is a slave.”

Vol. 4, No. 1 (Issue 19) Autumn ‘09

Chosen Before the Foundations of the World
Did we make promises in the pre-mortal world?

3 12 15 16 23

The Destiny of Woman
What were our pre-mortal origins and covenants?

Moses & Fromet Mendelssohn
Were true marriages made in the heavens before earth?

A Dream of the Pre-Existence
Mosiah Hancock’s dream of pre-earth life

Rules of Celestial Marriage
How should we select our eternal mates?

This periodical began in 1991 in England under the name Truth Seeker, and changed its name to Messenger magazine in 1997. Since 2002 it has moved to America, and selected articles are on the web at Editor – Nathan C. Taylor

Modern Latter-day Saints have been counseled by the Church leaders to pray about those whom they marry. President Kimball gave this counsel: “In selecting a companion for life and for eternity, certainly the most careful planning and thinking and praying and fasting should be done to be sure that of all the decisions, this one must not be wrong. … Emotions must not wholly determine decisions, but the mind and the heart, strengthened by fasting and prayer and serious consideration, will give one a maximum chance of marital happiness.”1 But, as a recent survey from Brigham Young University shows, the majority of Mormons reject this advice, with 78% of men and 71% of women not considering spiritual confirmation to be an important factor in deciding who to marry.2 Considering the fact that to attend B.Y.U. a person must be in full standing with the Church and maintain certain moral and religious standards, the number of Latter-day Saints in general who pray about who they will marry is probably much lower. But this issue asks “what does God expect of us in selecting our spouses?” Over the years most of our issues have focused on topics related to history and authority. Very little has been written on how the Gospel relates to relationships, and nothing has been said about the part human love plays in God’s plans. With this issue it is hoped that balance will be redressed. This issue is dedicated to the spouses we have and the ones we have yet to marry. May we always remain true to each other. We float our hearts upon the water and see them floundering in the surge but if they hold fast and do not falter into another’s heart they will merge And by this journey we are strengthened as along the way our weakness we meet for no other route can there be taken to make our love last and be complete
1 2 2 Spencer W. Kimball, “Oneness in Marriage,” Ensign, Mar. 1977, p. 3. B.Y.U. Studies 46:3, “A Survey of Dating and Marriage”, 2007.

Chosen Before the Foundations of the World

In the ancient Apocrypha2 it tells the story of the young man named Tobias3, and how he was guided by an angel to the “fair and wise” Sara, whom he was destined to marry. However, Tobias was more than a little scared at this prospect as previously “this maid hath been given to seven men, who all died in the marriage chamber” at the hands of an evil spirit. Yet the angel told him not to be afraid, and assured him “this same night shall she be given thee in marriage.” After being given some instruction on how to ward of the demon that would oppose their union, he was further reassured that following he and his wife’s prayers, “God which is merciful, ... will have pity on you, and save you: Fear not, for she is appointed unto thee from the beginning; and thou shalt preserve her, and she shall go with thee.” Yet, we might wonder, why should the angel favor Tobias amongst all the other men? The answer seems to be in his statement that Sara was “appointed unto thee from the beginning.”4 Having heard this he softened, and we are told that from that moment “he loved her, and his heart was effectually joined to her.” It seems that Sara, being appointed to Tobias from the beginning, suggests that their relationship was fore-ordained (or planned) in the pre-mortal world, and I began to wonder whether it was possible that many other couples were similarly ‘meant for each other’, or if this incident was just an exception. The subject of relationships formed before this life is one upon which poets have also speculated, as this example from Dante Rosetti shows:

1 2

3 4

An earlier version of this article was written in 1993, but has since been revised substantially, with material added from a youth fireside given this year (2009) by Nathan and Bonnie Taylor. The King James Version of the Apocrypha was part of the ‘Authorized’ Bible up until 1826, when the Bible Society began excluding it to cut down on printing costs. According to a revelation given to the Prophet Joseph: “There are many things contained therein that are true, and it is mostly translated correctly” (D&C 91:3) Tobias (sometimes called Tobit) was from the tribe of Naphtali, and lived around 720 B.C. Tobit 6:7 (see verse 10-17 for the whole story). 3

I have been here before, But when or how I cannot tell: … You have been mine before, How long ago I may not know: ... Has this been thus before? And shall not thus time’s eddying flight Still with our lives our love restore ...1 Although the doctrine is taught repeatedly within the Bible2, Latter-day Saints are unique amongst all Christians in believing in a pre-mortal life. It was declared a heresy by the Catholic church in 544 A.D.3 and didn’t resurface until the restoration.4 But did our lives in this pre-embodied state include relationships, love, and possibly even marriage in some form, or is this mere speculation? A Restored Doctrine Our first witness to this doctrine was one of Joseph Smith’s wives, Mary Elizabeth Rollins, who testified before students at Brigham Young University in 1902 that “Joseph said I was his before I came here, and he said all the Devils in Hell should never get me from him.”5 This would suggest that she was with the Prophet before mortality, and that they had some kind of binding relationship between them. This is further substantiated by a line from her autobiography in which she recalls that Joseph told her “I was created for him before the foundation of the Earth was laid.” 6 It is also interesting that in her case, the adversary also seemed to oppose her and Joseph’s marriage. The question remains though whether it is possible that a great many of us had such an opportunity to choose our spouse before this life, and it would seem from the recollection of one of Joseph’s friends that there was that chance: “We also heard him say that God had revealed to him, that
1 2 3 4 5 6 4 Dante Rosetti, Sudden Light, 1881. Wordsworth also mused upon pre-mortal life in his “Intimations of Immortality.” Jeremiah 1:5 & Job 38:4-7 for examples. Pope Vigilius, Constantinopolitan Synod: “If anyone assert the fabulous preexistence of souls, ... let him be anathema.” D&C 93:29: “Man was also in the beginning with God.” (1833) Mary Elizabeth Rollins Lightner affadavit, 8th February 1902. Mary Elizabeth Rollins Lightner autobiography, p. 18.

any man who ever committed adultery in either of his probations,1 that man could never be raised to the highest exaltation in the Celestial Glory. And that he felt anxious with regard to himself and he inquired of the Lord, and the Lord told him that he, Joseph, had never committed adultery. This saying of the Prophet astonished me very much. It opened up to me a very wide field of reflection. The idea that we had passed through a probation prior to this, and that we must have been married and given in marriage in those probations, or there would be no propriety in making such an assertion.”2 If we accept Robinson’s account as accurate, the conclusion seems inescapable: If we could be unfaithful in our affections in the pre-existence, this would surely mean that we had already made a commitment of marriage to someone. This would agree with another contemporary of Joseph Smith who claimed that the Prophet taught, “All real marriages were made in heaven before the birth of the parties.”3 Joseph’s Successors’ Teachings Was this concept taught only by Joseph Smith, or did his successors have anything to say on the subject? All we have from Brigham Young is his short but interesting statement that “Adam and Eve had children in the spirit, and their children married (brother and sister), then the bodies followed.”4 Yet from this small sentence it would seem he is saying that the spiritual children of God in their pre-mortal state married each other, and then they came to this planet to obtain bodies. John Taylor declared this same same doctrine to the Saints in an article he wrote titled “The Origin and Destiny of Woman” in which he told a young woman: “You also chose a kindred spirit whom you loved in the spirit world (and who had permission to come to this planet and take a tabernacle), to be your head, stay, husband and
1 2 3 4 The idea of our being able to sin in our first estate is taught within the book of Abraham 3:26 (see Jude 1:6). History of Joseph Lee Robinson, p. 12. William Hall, The Abominations of Mormonism, 12-13. Although this comes from an antagonistic source it does confirm Rollins and Robinson’s statements. Brigham Young Manuscript Addreses 2:240, 6th October 6th 1854. 5

protector on the earth and to exalt you in eternal worlds.”1 As he wrote this himself, and was editor of the publication in which it was printed, we are in no doubt as to what his beliefs and teachings were: He believed in kindred spirits, in love before this life, and that a woman had a chance and choice of her husband prior to mortality. Parents and Children Foreordained If this is true for spouses, who is to say that such an order was not also extended to the planning of parents, and the children that would come through us? Abraham2, Mary3, and Joseph Smith Sr.4 all seem to be examples of parents chosen before their mortal probation to give birth to special children. John Taylor seemed to certainly see this idea as more than a possibility: “Thou being willing and anxious to imitate them [those who went before you to earth], waiting and desirous to obtain a body, a resurrection and exaltation also, and having obtained permission, madest a covenant with one of thy kindred spirits to be thy guardian angel while in mortality, also with two others, male and female spirits, that thou wouldst come and take a tabernacle through their lineage, and become one of their offspring.” Perhaps for some people to obtain the advancement and experience they desired or the purpose they needed to fulfill, they may have been given a difficult childhood, with specific challenges they would be able to learn and grow from. The Apostles quizzed the Savior about a blind man, asking if he (or his parents) pre-mortal sins led to him being born that way.. Yet Jesus told them that he was not born that way because of any sin, but to be able to show God’s power through being healed.5 Whereas, Abraham is an example of a righteous prophet with idolatrous parents,6 and reminds us that righteous people are sometimes faced with great odds to overcome in order to develop the attributes that lead them closer to perfection.
1 2 3 4 5 6 6 The Mormon, 29 August 1857. Abraham 3:14,23. Mosiah 3:8. JST Genesis 50:33. John 9:2-3. Abraham 3:5-7.

An Interesting Vision These concepts of pre mortal life and love have always been popular amongst Latter-day Saints, because of teachings such as these, but also due to their personal experiences. One faithful Saint claimed to have had a vision of how it was God's intention from the beginning for certain men and women to be together: “He [Jesus] spoke to me and said: ‘Look and see man as he came forth.’ I looked in the direction indicated and saw an innumerable line of God's children extending further than I could see. they were arranged in pairs, male and female, and passed in front of the Eternal Father who named them; and they were clad in long white robes with girdles tied around the waists; each pair seemed to have been created mates.”1 Later in his vision he saw that the third of the host of heaven who were cast out were all men,2 leaving the remaining women to select future mates among the men that were left, which certainly gives one explanation for plural marriage. Nineteenth Century Mormon Fiction and Poetry The concept of pre-mortal love was once widely accepted enough to find itself – at least in poetic form – in the pages of official Church publications, such as this 1883 example from Edward Anderson shows: Who knows but those who love on earth Once loved in Heav’n, and promised there: Together fell that they might rise, Each other’s pains and triumph’s share?3 Nephi Anderson, the father of LDS fiction, wrote his first and most influential novel on this subject, “Added Upon”, just prior to the turn of the 20th century. It recounts the story of two premortal spirits, Honan and Delsa, the love they develop before their earth lives, and how they find it again in mortality (as Rupert and
1 2 3 A Vision given to Mosiah Hancock, from his Journal, 1855. Hancock claimed “no females took part against the Father and the Son.” Hence the title “sons of perdition.” Edward Anderson, Contributor 4:153, January 1883. 7

Signe). Although, as we see from the following passage, Honan’s love for Delsa puzzled him at first: “He was drawn to her more than to the many others who were equally valiant. As he thought of it, its strangeness occurred to him. Why should it be so? He did not know. Delsa was fair; so were all the daughters of God. She had attained to great intelligence; so had thousands of others. Then wherein lay the secret of the power which drew him to her?” Although he worried he might not find her again on earth, she assured him, “You will go before and prepare a welcome for me. Then I will come.” Through Delsa (as Signe) he finds the Gospel, and wonders, “if we ever lived as intelligent beings in a pre-existent state – and I now can not doubt it, – we two knew each other there. Perhaps we were the closest friends.” To which she reveals, “I seemed to know you from the first. … I felt as if I had known you before.” From which point the author tells us they begin to read “life's meaning in each other’s eyes.”1 Modern Mormon views In Doug Stewart’s musical “Saturday’s Warrior” a premortal romance is portrayed by the characters Todd and Julie. As the prospect of their life on earth approaches Todd reassures Julie that he will not fail to recognize her, it would be “like saying that the sun and the moon and the stars will never recognize their glory. And beauty and virtue will never recognize their own!” Julie, however, first places her affections upon Wally, who is preparing for his mission. On that mission he helps introduce the Gospel to Todd, who returns home with him, and is introduced to Julie. Upon seeing one another they renew their pre-mortal love, and complete the song they began together before their earth lives:

1 8

Added Upon, Nephi Anderson, 1898, revised 1912.

I've seen that smile somewhere before I've heard your voice before It seems like we talked like this before. Sometime, who can be certain when? But if I knew you then, It's strange I can't remember Feelings come so strong, Like we’ve known each other oh, so long.1 This scenario is still the subject of modern Mormon poetry, as can be seen in the following verses: And though they would be apart at first, they vowed to find each other someday. Each would have something the other find familiar, if they search and pray. It would be that something, that little something, that one would say or do, the other would dwell on and then one day say, “Hey, don’t I know you?” A modern novel which also follows this same type of theme is Rachel Nune’s book “In Your Place,”2 which is a romance that spans the pre-earth and mortal lives. Because people feel this eternal kinship in their relationships – a sort of spiritual deja vu – they incorporate it in their own stories, their poetry, and the hope that their children will share the same experiences. Although others may view their experiences as suspect, or their expectations as unrealistic. Modern General Authorities Despite the knowledge the early prophets in this dispensation seemed to have had in these matters, modern General Authorities seem to be reluctant to commit to any certain view. Joseph Fielding Smith, in 1931, wrote on this issue that: “It is possible that in some instances it is true, but it would require too great a stretch of the imagination to believe it to be so in all, or even in the majority of cases.”3
1 2 3 Words and Music by Doug Stewart and Lex de Azevedo. In Your Place, Rachel Ann Nunes, Cedar Fort, 2004. The Way to Perfection, Genealogical Society, p. 44. 9

The official policy on this subject is currently that “We have no revealed word to the effect that when we were in the pre-existent state we chose our parents and husbands and wives.” 1 President Spencer W. Kimball even seemed hostile to the idea: “‘Soul mates’ are a fiction and an illusion; and while every young man and young woman will seek with all diligence and prayerfulness to find a mate with whom life can be most compatible and beautiful, yet it is certain that almost any good man and any good woman can have happiness and a successful marriage if both are willing to pay the price.”2 Here President Kimball points out the true principle that any two people can fall in love who share the same values and determination to make the relationship work, and so we need not be eternally unhappy if the person we believe is meant for us chooses someone else, or proves unworthy. So it seems that it is the idea that we can only be satisfied with a specific ‘soul mate’ that he is really opposed to. Seeking to find a mate with diligence and prayerfulness is more likely to lead us to those whom God would want us to marry, than waiting for them to come to us. If we are not looking for those who believe and live the same Gospel, we may never find or recognize those whom we may have made promises with before this life. However, if they did prove unworthy, then, without seeking God’s will we may never find those with whom we can attain just as much happiness in this life and the eternities. Whatever our personal conclusions on these matters, or whatever we feel is God’s path for us in selecting our spouse, we should remember that to God our lives are not an accident, that He doesn’t make mistakes, and that He is capable of helping us to build relationships that last throughout the eternities. As C.S. Lewis wisely concluded: “We think we have chosen our peers. In reality, a few years’ difference in the dates of our births, a few more miles between certain houses, the choice of one university instead of another, posting to different regiments, the accident of a topic being raised or not raised at a first meeting – any of these chances might have kept us apart. But, for a Christian, there are, strictly speaking, no chances. A secret Master of
1 2 10 First Presidency, 14th June 1971. B.Y.U. Speech, 7th September 1976.

Ceremonies has been at work. Christ, who said to the disciples ‘Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you,’ can truly say ‘You have not chosen one another, but I have chosen you for one another.’ The friendship is not a reward for our discrimination and good taste in finding one another out. It is the instrument by which God reveals to each the beauties of all the others.”1 _____________________________ Pre-Mortal Love Who knows but those who love on earth Once loved in Heav’n, and promised there: Together fell that they might rise, Each other’s pains and triumph’s share? Give answer thou, my soul, and say: I left the world of Heav’nly bliss, The friends I love to call my own, To suffer all the ills of this. Because I saw the joys I had Compared not with what was to gain. Because I hoped for greater things, I fell to rise, I’ll die to reign. (Edward Anderson)2

1 2

C.S. Lewis, The Four Loves. Contributor 4:153, January 1883. 11

The Origin and Destiny of Woman
The Latter-day Saints have often been ridiculed on account of their belief in the pre-existence of spirits, and for marrying for time and all eternity, both being Bible doctrines. We have often been requested to give our views in relation to these principles, but considered the things of the kingdom belonged to the children of the kingdom, therefore not meet to give them to those without. But being very politely requested by a lady a few days since (a member of the Church) to answer the following questions, we could not consistently refuse, viz.: “Where did I come from? What am I doing here? Whither am I going? And what is my destiny after having obeyed the truth, if faithful to the end?” For her benefit and all others concerned, we will endeavor to answer the questions in brief, as we understand them. The reason will be apparent for our belief in the pre-existence of spirits, and in marrying for time and all eternity. Lady, whence comest thou? Thine origin? What art thou doing here? Whither art thou going, and what is thy destiny? Declare unto me if thou hast understanding. Knowest thou not that thou art a spark of Deity, struck from the fire of His eternal blaze, and brought forth in the midst of eternal burning? Knowest thou not that eternities ago thy spirit, pure and holy, dwelt in thy Heavenly Father's bosom, and in His presence, and with thy mother, one of the queens of heaven, surrounded by thy brother and sister spirits in the spirit world, among the Gods? That as thy spirit beheld the scenes transpiring there, and thou grewest in intelligence, thou sawest worlds upon worlds organized and peopled with thy kindred spirits who took upon them tabernacles, died, were resurrected, and received their exaltation on the redeemed worlds they once dwelt upon. Thou being willing and anxious to imitate them, waiting and desirous to obtain a body, a resurrection and exaltation also, and having obtained permission, madest a covenant with one of thy kindred spirits to be thy guardian angel while in mortality, also with two others, male and female spirits, that thou wouldst come and take a tabernacle through their lineage, and become one of their offspring. You also chose a kindred spirit whom you loved in the spirit world (and who had permission to come to this planet and take a tabernacle), to be your head, stay, husband and protector on the earth and to exalt you in eternal worlds. All these were arranged,

likewise the spirits that should tabernacle through your lineage. Thou longed, thou sighed and thou prayed to thy Father in heaven for the time to arrive when thou couldst come to this earth, which had fled and fallen from where it was first organised, near the planet Kolob. Leaving thy father and mother's bosom and all thy kindred spirits thou camest to earth, took a tabernacle, and imitated the deeds of those who had been exalted before you. At length the time arrived, and thou heard the voice of thy Father saying, go daughter to yonder lower world, and take upon thee a tabernacle, and work out thy probation with fear and trembling and rise to exaltation. But daughter, remember you go on this condition, that is, you are to forget all things you ever saw, or knew to be transacted in the spirit world; you are not to know or remember anything concerning the same that you have beheld transpire here; but you must go and become one of the most helpless of all beings that I have created, while in your infancy, subject to sickness, pain, tears, mourning, sorrow and death. But when truth shall touch the chords of your heart they will vibrate; then intelligence shall illuminate your mind, and shed its lustre in your soul, and you shall begin to understand the things you once knew, but which had gone from you; you shall then begin to understand and know the object of your creation. Daughter, go, and be faithful as thou hast been in thy first estate. Thy spirit, filled with joy and thanksgiving, rejoiced in thy Father, and rendered praise to His holy name, the spirit world resounded in anthems of praise to the Father of spirits. Thou bade father, mother and all farewell, and along with thy guardian angel, thou came on this terraqueous globe. The spirits thou hadst chosen to come and tabernacle through their lineage, and your head having left the spirit world some years previous, thou came a spirit pure and holy. Thou hast obeyed the truth, and thy guardian angel ministers unto thee and watches over thee. Thou hast chosen him you loved in the spirit world to be thy companion. Now crowns, thrones, exaltations and dominions are in reserve for thee in the eternal worlds, and the way is opened for thee to return back into the presence of thy Heavenly Father, if thou wilt only abide by and walk in a celestial law, fulfill the designs of thy Creator and hold out to the end that when mortality is laid in the tomb, you may go down to your grave in peace, arise in glory, and receive your everlasting reward in the resurrection of the just, along with thy head and husband. Thou wilt be permitted to pass by the Gods and angels who guard the gates, on onward, upward to thy exaltation in a celestial world among the Gods. To be a priestess queen upon thy

Heavenly Father's throne, and a glory to thy husband and offspring, to bear the souls of men, to people other worlds (as thou didst bear their tabernacles in mortality) while eternity goes and eternity comes; and if you will receive it, lady, this is eternal life. And herein is the saying of the Apostle Paul fulfilled, “That the man is not without the woman, neither is the woman without the man in the Lord.” “That the man is the head of the woman, and the glory of the man is the woman.” Hence, thine origin, the object of thy ultimate destiny. If faithful, lady, the cup is within thy reach; drink then the heavenly draught and live. John Taylor, The Mormon, August 29, 1857, New York City _____________________________ Sudden Light I have been here before, But when or how I cannot tell: I know the grass beyond the door, The sweet keen smell, The sighing sound, the lights around the shore. You have been mine before, How long ago I may not know: But just when at that swallow’s soar Your neck turned so, Some veil did fall – I knew it all of yore. Has this been thus before? And shall not thus time’s eddying flight Still with our lives our love restore In death’s despite, And day and night yield one delight once more? (Dante Rosetti)


Moses & Fromet story
33 year old Moses Mendelssohn, the grandfather of the well-known German composer, was far from being handsome. Along with a rather short stature, he had a grotesque hunchback. In 1762 he visited a merchant in Hamburg who had a lovely daughter named Fromet Guggenheim. Moses fell hopelessly in love with her. But Fromet was repulsed by his misshapen appearance. When it came time for him to leave, Moses gathered his courage and climbed the stairs to her room to take one last opportunity to speak with her. Upon seeing him she burst into tears. “Is it my hump?” he asked. “Yes.” she hesitantly replied. She was a vision of Heavenly beauty, but he felt deep sadness by her refusal to look at him. After several attempts at conversation, Moses shyly asked, “Do you believe marriages are made in Heaven?” “Yes,” she answered, still looking at the floor. “And do you?” “Yes I do,” he replied. “You see, in Heaven at the birth of each boy, the Lord announces which girl he will marry. When I was born, my future bride was pointed out to me. Then the Lord added,” “But your wife will be humpbacked.” “Right then and there I called out, ‘Oh Lord, a humpbacked woman would be a tragedy. Please, Lord, give me the hump and let her be fair and beautiful.’” Then Fromet looked up into his eyes and was stirred by some deep memory. She reached out and gave Mendelssohn her hand and later became his devoted wife. They had six remarkable children together.

“When love has blended and molded two beings in an angelic and sacred union, they have found the secret of life; henceforth they are only the two terms of the same destiny, the two wings of one mind.” (Victor Hugo)


Mosiah Hancock’s Dream of the Pre-Existence
When about twenty-one years of age, I was permitted by the power of God, to go into His presence and into my former abode. I saw the Eternal Father on His throne and His wives on His left side, [I have no idea of their number,]1 all shining in glory, I saw the Savior and knew Him. It takes the power of the Holy Ghost to tell the difference between the Father and the Son, they look so much alike. Jesus said: “Mosiah, I have brought you here to show you how it was before you went to the earth.” I had been to the earth; everything looked so natural and familiar. I seemed to have been a companion of the Savior and talked with him like a friend. Again, He spoke to me and said: “Look and see man as he came forth.” I looked in the direction indicated and saw an innumerable line of God's children extending further than I could see. They were arranged in pairs, male and female, and passed in front of the Eternal Father who named them; and they were clad in long white robes with girdles tied around their waists; each pair seemed to have been created mates. When thus clothed; they were arranged in classes of about two hundred; the males sitting in front and the females behind them. They were taught in the arts and sciences, and everything necessary to make the heart happy. The teachers of the classes received the instruction they imparted from certain notable ones, who in turn got their directions from the Father and the Son – I thought I was one to overlook the classes; I also saw Joseph, Brigham and many others engaged in this work of education. I thought as some became more efficient than others they were advanced from class to class. I thought my name was Mosiah, and the names of the other brethren there were the same as upon the earth. All at once there was a gathering of these spirits and the voice of the Great Eternal (for that is what we called God there) spoke: “Oh, ye my children,” and His voice penetrated throughout space, so countless were His offspring “We have an earth prepared for you, on which you can dwell and have a chance to come up, thru obeying our Heavenly laws [and you can have the chance on coming up as we have come up].” I there heard the question asked: “Who will go down and set an example of humility and faithfulness to these my children, that they may be brought, thru obedience to our laws, back into our
1 16 Text in square brackets from a shorter account given by the author.

presence?” I thought I saw one in the express image of the Father say, “Father, I will go down and set a pattern of humility and patience; that your children, through my example, may be brought back again.” How noble, I thought, He looked when He offered Himself so patient before the children of our Father. I saw another, who seemed to be a very high military officer who arose and said: “I will go down to yonder earth and surely I will bring all your children back to you so none of them shall be lost.” The plan of the first was accepted as being the only sure plan for an exaltation. The plan of the second was rejected with great kindness, but the second was not satisfied; and while the first stood in great humility by the side of the Father, the second with many who stood in with him, went about among the Heavenly hosts to advocate the plan that was put forth as the rights of the second. This one was Lucifer, a son of the morning, for many had been with the Father for countless ages, and learned their lessons well, and he had been no dull scholar. Finally Lucifer openly rebelled against the Father and the Son and six other mighty ones who stood faithful with them and declared, “I will have it my way.” I saw the faithful ones gather around the Father and the Son, and Lucifer's workers gathered around him, when one of the notable ones, who was called Michael, arose and said, “We will decide the contest.” It seemed that a platform was extended into space, upon which we could operate, by what power I could not tell. We who were faithful to the Father and the Son, had a white star upon us, and the others chose a red star. About one third of the males and females would not accept of either star, but withdrew from the conflict,1 the females taking the males by the arm, said, “Come, let us not take part with either side. Let us retire –” (When they were cast out after the manner of spiritual warfare,) they had no power to return. When they were all cleared from the platform and Satan and his followers were all cast down, their female companions wept, and we all wept. No females took part against the Father and the Son,2 but all
1 Anson Call said he recollected Joseph Smith teaching this (John M. Whitaker, Seminary Lecture, 14th June 1921). However, Brigham Young was convinced Joseph never did (Wilford Woodruff Journal, 25th December 1869: “There were no neutral spirits in heaven at the time of the rebellion.”) Brigham Young taught that there were no female demonic angels (Journal of Discourses 8:222 & 8 October 1861 sermon). Joseph F. Smith also believed there would be no daughters of Perdition (26 March 1903 – Quinn, Extensions, p. 806). Yet Wilford Woodruff believed there would be (29 November 1893, Quinn, Extensions, p. 795). 17


took sides in their favor, except the neutral ones already mentioned. After the tears were dried from our eyes, the voice of the Great Eternal spoke again and said, “Hear, O ye my children;” His voice penetrating the immensity of space so that all could hear it; “it is decreed by the Great Eternal that the females shall not follow their males in their banishment, but for every male that has kept his first estate and fought valiantly for the Father and the Son, there are two females. Again it is decreed that those males who have taken no part in this great conflict shall keep their females and a race of servants shall they be.”1 I then saw that the notable ones who had taken such an interest in the rights of the Father and the Son were appointed to gather up those lone females whose companions had been cast down. They were again placed in classes, each man having two females in the ranks behind him. I there saw that they were again taught in their classes, which now contained about three hundred. I next saw Michael and his companion proceed a long way off, to people the earth2 where Lucifer and his followers had been cast. As time passed, other notable ones followed as they were appointed. During all this time the classes met frequently, being taught by instructors appointed. Each member knew his or her own place, and took it each time, and the best of order prevailed. They were asked, first the males, and then the females behind them, “Will you obey the Gospel of Jesus Christ, when you go to that earth?” Some would answer, “yes,” but not all. Some could be asked, “Will you obey that law which placed the Gods on high?” And in very few cases I would hear the females say, “I want my own mate.” Sometimes the question would be asked of a male, “Will you obey that higher law? and he would answer, “I wish to enjoy myself with the females.” Sometimes when the question would be asked of the females she would reply, “I wish to enjoy myself with the males.” Again the question would be asked of the males, “If you will not join the Church of Christ, what do you wish to be?” He would sometimes say, “I wish to be a judge, or an officer of high rank among the people.” Then he would be asked, “Will you sustain the laws of God and also the rights of all mankind?” and the answer in every instance was, “yes.” I saw there that those who were proficient in their classes were advanced more rapidly until they became most perfect in those heavenly teachings, but some males, even there in Heaven would neglect their females and their classes and not meet with them. They would go off, arm in arm, as men now go, not
1 2 18 See Genesis 9:25. That Michael (or Adam) was the Father of our spirits was taught by Joseph Smith and Brigham Young – see The Unknown God, Nathan Taylor, 2008.

having any desire for their duties. I never saw a female leave her place in the class assigned her by the Heavenly powers. I saw Abraham, when he came back from the earth, and many of the notable ones, when they came back to be crowned. I saw them step upon the platform of the Gods and receive their crowns, and enter into their exaltations.1 At last, I saw the time when Joseph was to go forth, and the voice of the Great Eternal said, “Oh, my neglected daughters, gather around these my faithful servants who have been faithful in teaching you the principles of righteousness and of our kingdom, that others may come up and have the chance to be glorified.” I saw many of them gather around Joseph and form a ring with him; and the Savior in the center. They made a covenant with him that they would meet him on the earth and help him establish that great work upon the earth. I saw many of them gather around Brigham Young, John Taylor, Wilford Woodruff, and many other notable ones, and around many who have not become so notable. They formed rings around each of them with Christ in the center each time, for He rehearsed to them the Covenant. They would take each other by the hand, in the circle and bow their faces down to Him, in the center, and in the most solemn manner agree to meet them here, until every one of those neglected daughters was provided for;2 and they were filled with such joy that their songs made a paradise of the realm. At last the time came for me to go to the earth. The Savior came to me and said, “Mosiah, it is time for you to prepare to go. You have been faithful so long here it is time for you to go, that you may return and be as we are.” As I beheld Him, I thought, “How is it that I am not as you are now?” For, it seemed, that I knew nothing of the earth or the changes a probation there would make in me. However, I said, “Who will go down to that earth, and be my father, and help me that I may be brought in the ways of truth and righteousness?” A male by the name of Levi stepped forth, in the presence of the Son, and said, “I will go down to yonder earth, and by the help of the Great Eternal, I will try to do as well by you as you have done for me, for I am grateful to you for all your kindness to me.” He returned to his place, being an instructor of a class. I was one among others who was appointed to instruct him and the other teachers of classes. A female came out of the class and bowing before the Savior and me, said, “I will go down and be your mother.” In a short time the man disappeared and was immediately followed by the woman. I knew my departure was near at hand and I
1 2 D&C 132:29. Referring to plural marriage – see Isaiah 4:1. 19

asked, “If on my return I could have the same position I then held.” Then the Savior said, “Yes, and greater, but you have to go down to the earth, and take a lowly position and be misunderstood by man, even your brethren and endure many hardships and set many examples of humility and patience, that you may return and enter the glory, even such as I have.” He then added, “Your time is now come to take your mission to the earth,” and He laid His hands on my head, as He had done to others, and set me apart for that important mission. He again said to me, “I will see you safely thru until you return again.” I fully believe on that promise. It seemed as though a way was opened before me, and I dived down toward the earth with the speed of lightening and awoke while sailing through space. _____________________________ Fate Two shall be born the whole wide world apart; And speak in different tongues, and have no thought Each of the other’s being, and no heed; And these o’er unknown seas to unknown lands Shall cross, escaping wreck, defying death, And all unconsciously shape every act And bend each wandering step to this one end,— That, one day, out of darkness, they shall meet And read life’s meaning in each other’s eyes. (Susan Marr Spalding)1

1 20

The New York Graphic, 1876. See New York Times, 26 August 1894.

Two Spirits
Two spirits in Celestial world Stood apart from the heavenly throng; A mighty love shone on each face, In each heart was a heavenly song, “Sister,” he said with a look of love, “The hour at last has come, That I may take the glorious step, And have a mortal home. Our love and association here, Will bind our hearts below, And, Darling, when I meet you there, I’m sure our hearts will know.” “I, too, am sure,” she gently said, “The love that has bound us here Will span the space ‘twixt heaven and earth I’m sure I shall know you dear. I’m sure that the mighty love we have Will quicken our hearts below; I’m sure I will meet and love you there When my time shall come to go.” “God grant it,” he said with a look of love “If the Father has willed it so, I shall meet and know and love you, dear, In the life God has planned down below. And further than this, by God’s great power, Our union shall endless be; Not only for mortal life, dear one, But for all Eternity.” His spirit passed to the home below And she stood in the home above; “Father,” she said, “may I meet there? May our souls be bound with love?” A Mortal Fulfillment A man worked at his daily tasks In a thoughtful, studied way; Some long forgotten memory Seemed to stir his heart that day.

A young woman had entered his life Had come in from a moment then was gone But the sight of her face and the sound of her voice Stirred his heart like the strains of a song. “I suppose I have never met her, But it seems so strange to me, It seems like I’ve known her always, It’s that voice from eternity. He learned to watch for her coming And always when she had gone, The same emotion arose within “It seems like I’ve known her so long.” The pure emotions were stirred, The glance of her eyes, Or the sound of her voice Thrilled his heart like some music he’d heard. Their associations were constant, Their courtship a path of joy; The sky of their life seemed cloudless Pure love without alloy. Slowly their lives grew together Firmly their hearts bound with love; Love which from God is eternal Pure from the realms above. At last came the day of union, They stood in a thoughtful way; For one with authority given of God Was to bind their lives that day. The sacred moment at last had come, They knelt by the altar of heaven; Their hands were clasped in a sacred grasp From the throne of heaven given. “She is yours for time and eternity” Their union the Priesthood did commend. “Yours for the countless ages, Your union will never ever end.” (Adapted from an anonymous poem)

Rules of Celestial Marriage
(Orson Pratt)1 Inasmuch as the saints in Utah consider it moral, virtuous, and scriptural, to practice the plurality system, they should seek by every means to eradicate, not only from their own minds, but from the minds of their children, every erroneous improper prejudice which they have formerly imbibed, by their associations with the nations of modern Christendom. Parents who have daughters should seek to instill into their minds, that it is just as honorable for them to be united in marriage to a good man who is already a husband, as to one that is single: they should be taught to reject the society and proposals for marriage of all wicked men, whether single or not. A father should be impartial to all his children, and cultivate the same love for them all; while each wife should instill into the minds of her own children the necessity of loving the children of each of the others, as brothers and sisters. Each wife should not only care for the welfare of her husband and her own children, but should also seek the happiness of each of his other wives and children. And likewise, the children of each wife should not only represent, honor, and love their own mother, but also the mothers of all their brothers and sisters. By observing these precepts, peace and tranquility will reign throughout every department of the family, and the spirit of God will flow freely from heart to heart. Nothing is so much to be desired in families as peace, love, and union: they are essential to happiness here and hereafter. And, in order to promote these desirable objects, we would recommend the observance of the following rules: Rule 1st.— Let that man who intends to become a husband, seek first the kingdom of God and its righteousness, and learn to govern himself, according to the law of God: for he that cannot govern himself cannot govern others: let him dedicate his property, his talents, his time, and even his life to the service of God, holding all things at His disposal, to do with the same, according as He shall direct through the counsel that He has ordained. Rule 2nd.— Let him next seek for wisdom to direct him in the choice of his wives. Let him seek for those whose qualifications will render him and themselves happy. Let him look not wholly at the beauty of the countenance, or the splendor of the apparel, or the great fortune, or the artful smiles, or the affected modesty of females; for all these, without the genuine virtues, are like the dew1 The Seer 1:173-76,183-87, November-December 1853. 23

drops which glitter for a moment in the sun, and dazzle the eye, but soon vanish away. But let him look for kind and amiable dispositions; for unaffected modesty; for industrious habits; for sterling virtue; for honesty, integrity, and truthfulness; for cleanliness in persons, in apparel, in cooking, and in every kind of domestic labor; for cheerfulness, patience, and stability of character; and above all, for genuine religion to control and govern their every thought and deed. When he has found those possessing these qualifications let him seek to obtain them lawfully through the counsel of him who holds the keys of the everlasting priesthood, that they may be married to him by the authority of Heaven, and thus be secured to him for time and for all eternity. Rule 3rd.— When a man has obtained his wives, let him not suppose that they are already perfect in all things; for this cannot be expected in those who are young and inexperienced in the cares and vicissitudes of a married life. They, as weaker vessels, are given to him as the stronger, to nourish, cherish, and protect; to be their head, their patriarch, and their saviour; to teach, instruct, counsel, and perfect them in all things relating to family government, and the welfare and happiness of themselves and their children. Therefore, let him realize the weighty responsibility now placed upon him, as the head of a family; and also let him study diligently the disposition of his wives, that he may know how to instruct them in wisdom for their good. Rule 4th.— Betray not the confidence of your wives. There are many ideas in an affectionate confiding wife which she would wish to communicate to her husband, and yet she would be very unwilling to have them communicated to others. Keep each of your wives’ secrets from all the others, and from anyone else, unless in cases where good will result by doing otherwise. Rule 5th.— Speak not of the faults of your wives to others; for in so doing, you speak against yourself. If you speak to one of your wives of the imperfections of the others who may be absent, you not only injure them in her estimation, but she will expect that you will speak against her under like circumstances: this is calculated to weaken their confidence in you, and sow division in the family. Tell each one of her faults in private in a spirit of kindness and love, and she will most probably respect you for it, and endeavor to do better for the future; and thus the others will not, because of your reproof, take occasion to speak reproachfully of her. There may be circumstances, when reproof, given in the presence of the others, will produce asalutary influence upon all. Wisdom is profitable to direct, and should be sought for earnestly by those who

have the responsibility of families. Rule 6th.— Avoid anger and a fretful peevish disposition in your family. A hasty spirit, accompanied with harsh words, will most generally beget its own likeness, or, at least, it will, eventually, sour the feelings of your wives and children, and greatly weaken their affections for you. You should remember that harsh expressions against one of your wives, used in the hearing of the others, will more deeply wound her feelings, than if she alone heard them. Reproofs that are timely and otherwise good, may lose their good effect by being administered in a wrong spirit, indeed, they will most probably increase the evils which they were intended to remedy. Do not find fault with every trifling error that you may see; for this will discourage your family, and they will begin to think that it is impossible to please you; and, after a while, become indifferent as to whether they please you or not. How unhappy and extremely wretched is that family where nothing pleases—where scolding has become almost as natural as breathing! Rule 7th.— Use impartiality in your family as far as circumstances will allow; and let your kindness and love abound towards them all. Use your own judgment, as the head of the family, in regard to your duties in relation to them, and be not swayed from that which is right, by your own feelings, nor by the feelings of others. Rule 8th.— Suffer not your judgment to be biased against any one of your wives, by the accusations of the others, unless you have good grounds to believe that those accusations are just. Decide not hastily upon partial evidence, but weigh well all things, that your mind may not become unjustly prejudiced. When one of your wives complains of the imperfections of the others, and endeavors to set your mind against them, teach her that all have imperfections, and of the necessity of bearing one with another in patience, and of praying one for another. Rule 9th.— Call your wives and children together frequently, and instruct them in their duties towards God, towards yourself, and towards one another. Pray with them and for them often; and teach them to pray much, that the Holy Spirit may dwell in their midst, without which it is impossible to maintain that union, love, and oneness which are so necessary to happiness and salvation. Rule 10th.— Remember, that notwithstanding written rules will be of service in teaching you your duties, as the head of a family, yet without the Holy Ghost to teach and instruct you, it is impossible for you to govern a family in righteousness; therefore,

seek after the Holy Ghost and he shall teach you all things, and sanctify you and your family, and make you one, that you may be perfected in Him and He in you, and eventually be exalted on high to dwell with God, where your joy will be full forever. Rule 11th.— Let no woman unite herself in marriage with any man, unless she has fully resolved to submit herself wholly to his counsel, and to let him govern as the head. It is far better for her not to be united with him in the sacred bonds of eternal union, than to rebel against the divine order of family government, instituted for a higher salvation; for if she altogether turn therefrom, she will receive a greater condemnation. Rule 12th.— Never seek to prejudice the mind of your husband against any of his other wives, for the purpose of exalting yourself in his estimation, lest the evil which you unjustly try to bring upon them, fall with double weight upon your own head. Strive to rise in favor and influence with your husband by your own merits, and not by magnifying the faults of others. Rule 13th.— Seek to be a peacemaker in the family with whom you are associated. If you see the least appearance of division arising, use your utmost efforts to restore union and soothe the feelings of all. Soft and gentle words, spoken in season, will allay contention and strife; while a hasty spirit and harsh language add fuel to the fire already kindled which will rage with increasing violence. Rule 14th.— Speak not evil of your husband unto any of the rest of the family for the purpose of prejudicing their minds against him; for if he be informed thereof, it will injure you in his estimation. Neither speak evil of any members of the family; for this will destroy their confidence in you. Avoid all hypocracy; for if you pretend to love your husband and to honor and respect his wives, when present, but speak disrespectful of them when absent, you will be looked upon as a hypocrite, as a tattler, and as a mischief-making woman, and be shunned as being more dangerous than an open enemy. And what is still more detestable, is to tattle out of the family, and endeavor to create enemies against those with whom you are connected. Such persons should not only be considered hypocrites, but traitors, and their conduct should be despised by every lover of righteousness. Remember also, that there are more ways than one to tattle; it is not always the case that those persons who are the boldest in their accusations that are the most dangerous slanderers; but such as hypocritically pretend that they do not wish to injure their friends, and at the same time, very piously insinuate in dark indirect sayings, something that is calculated to leave a very

unfavorable prejudice against them. Shun such a spirit as you would the very gates of hell. Rule 15th.— If you see any of your husband's wives sick or in trouble, use every effort to relieve them, and to administer kindness and consolations, remembering that you, yourself, under the same circumstances, would be thankful for their assistance. Endeavor to share each other's burdens, according to the health, ability, and strength which God has given you. Do not be afraid that you will do more than your share of the domestic labor, or that you will be more kind to them than they are to you.1 Conclusion Let husbands, wives, sons, and daughters, continually realize that their relationships do not end with this short life, but will continue in eternity without end. Every qualification and disposition therefore, which will render them happy here, should be nourished, cherished, enlarged, and perfected, that their union may be indissoluble, and their happiness secured both for this world and for that which is to come. Let these rules be observed, and all others that are good and righteous, and peace will be the result: husbands will be patriarchs and saviours; wives will be like fruitful vines, bringing forth precious fruits in their seasons: their sons will be like plants of renown, and their daughters like the polished stones of a palace. Then the saints shall flourish upon the hills and rejoice upon the mountains, and become a great people and strong, whose goings forth shall be with strength that is everlasting. Arise, O Zion! clothe thyself with light! shine forth with clearness and brilliancy! illuminate the nations and the dark corners of the earth, for their light is gone out—their sun is set—gross darkness covers them! let thy light be seen upon the high places of the earth; let it shine in glorious splendour; for then shall the wicked see, and be confounded, and lay their hands upon their mouths in shame; then shall kings arise and come forth to the light, and rejoice in the greatness of thy glory! Fear not, O Zion, nor let thine hands be slack, for great is the Holy One in the midst of thee! a cloud shall be over thee by day for a defense, and at night thy dwellings shall be encircled with glory! God is thine everlasting light, and shall be a Tower of strength against thine enemies; at the sound of His voice they shall melt away, and terrors shall seize upon them. In that day thou shalt be beautiful and glorious, and the reproach of the Gentiles
1 Rules 16 onwards deal primarily with raising children and aren’t included here. 27

shall no more come into thine ears; In that day, shall the sons of them that afflicted thee come bending unto thee and bow themselves down at the soles of thy feet; and the daughters of them that reproached thee, shall come saying, ‘We will eat our own bread and wear our own apparel, only let us be joined in the patriarchal order of marriage with the husbands and patriarchs in Zion to take away our reproach:’1 then shall they highly esteem, far above riches, that which their wicked fathers ridiculed under the name of Polygamy. Amen. ___________________ Heavenly Love
Love began in the heavens a love that was pure and true love from our heavenly parents was there first given to me and you We brought it with us to earth when we were conceived and from the moment of our birth from our parents their love we received We discover it in our youth in our hearts a new sensation and had yet to learn the truth that true love is given by revelation True love is a gift from deity its a miracle, pure and sublime it comes from Him pure to thee and will last throughout all time This is a love we have thats true one that came before this life and one that shall be forever true between an eternal husband and wife Poetry Index
We Float Our Hearts Pre-Mortal Love (Anderson) Sudden Light (Rosetti) Fate (Spalding) Two Spirits (Anon adop.) Heavenly Love 2 11 14 20 21 28


of the fullness of the Gospel

1 28 Isaiah 4:1.

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