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CONSULTATION VERSION 0.

APPENDICES
A1. A2. A3. A4. A5. A6. A7. A8. A9. A10. A11. A12. A13. A14. A15. A16. A17. A18. A19. A20. A21. A22. A23. A24. A25. A26. A27. A28. A29. A30. A31. A32. A33. Glossary of Terms & Abbreviations ................................................................... 2 List of Clauses in the Regulations which do not apply to Old Installations ....... 3 Reference Standards ......................................................................................... 4 Guidance Note on Supply Voltage Changes ..................................................... 5 Guidance Notes for the Estimation of Diversified Connected Load ................... 5 Customer Earthed (TT) and Distribution Company Earthed Systems (TN-S) . 5 Guidance Note on Principles of Electric Shock Protection and Earthing .......... 5 Guidance Note on Earth Conductors and Equipotential Bonding ...................... 5 Electric Shock Protection Using Residual Current Devices ............................... 5 Performance Characteristics for MCBs complying with BS EN 60898 ............. 5 Sizing of Earth Conductors and Equipotential Bonding Conductors................ 5 Number of Earth Electrodes Required for Installations...................................... 5 Mandatory Connections to Earth Conductors .................................................... 5 Earth Leakage Protection for Equipment ........................................................... 5 Earth Fault Loop Impedance.............................................................................. 5 Cable Ratings, Voltage Drop and Ambient Temperature Correction Factors ... 5 Colour Identification of Cables ........................................................................... 5 Capacity of Conduits and Trunking.................................................................... 5 IP Coding for Ingress Protection ........................................................................ 5 Standard Wiring Diagram Symbols.................................................................... 5 Typical Layout for Supply Intake Room ............................................................. 5 Typical Layout for Ring Circuits ......................................................................... 5 Approved and Prohibited Plugs and Socket Types............................................ 5 Minimum Recommended Number of Socket Outlets......................................... 5 Method for Measuring Earth Resistance............................................................ 5 Method for Earth Loop Impedance Test ............................................................ 5 Method for Continuity Tests ............................................................................... 5 Method for Insulation Resistance Test............................................................... 5 Method for Polarity Tests ................................................................................... 5 Installation Certificate......................................................................................... 5 Inspection Report............................................................................................... 5 Testing Report ................................................................................................... 5 Load Distribution Schedule ................................................................................ 5

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A1.
A.C D.C. RCD RCCB RCBO ELCB MCB MCCB SDB MDB TT TN-S ESMA BS IEC EN BS-EN

Glossary of Terms & Abbreviations

alternating current direct current residual current device residual current circuit breaker residual current breaker (with) overcurrent earth leakage circuit breaker miniature circuit breaker moulded case circuit breaker sub distribution board main distribution board a three phase and locally earthed system a three phase system, with neutral earthing a the distribution transformer, and having separate neutral and phase conductors in the supply cable Emirates Standardisation & Metrology Authority British Standard International Electrotechnical Commission European Normalisation standard document British Standard which has been accepted under the European Normalisation procedure

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A2.

List of Clauses in the Regulations which do not apply to Old Installations

The Electricity Wiring Regulations are effective from 1 March 2007 [proposed]. For any Installations which were completed before this date the following clauses of the Regulations do not apply or will apply after 1 January 2010 or, if earlier, at the time of the next inspection or re-certification.

Clause 1.4.4

Reason / Comment General requirement for compliance of all equipment and materials to international standards Requirement for overall earth leakage protection Requirement for labelling of parts of the Installation Prohibition of fused cut-outs Requirement for maximum Customer Earth Electrode impedance Requirement for Equipotential Bonding Conductors

Application Does not apply retrospectively

1.6.7, 4.4.1 and 4.4.6 1.6.12, 1.6.13 4.2.2 5.2.5

Must apply by 1 January 2010 Must apply by 1 January 2010 Must apply by 1 January 2010 Must apply by 1 January 2010

5.5.1

Must apply by 1 January 2010

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A3.

Reference Standards

The table below shows the reference standards that may be used for the main components required for Electrical Installations. Additional standards not listed may be referenced from the UK Wiring Regulations (BS7671: 2001) or other international standards, with agreement of the relevant Distribution Company providing supply.

Item
Cables PVC insulation (thermoplastic) - for power & lighting PVC insulation (thermoplastic) - for switchgear & control wiring Rubber insulation (thermosetting) Mineral insulation Flexible cables & cords Cable glands Conduits Steel PVC Flexible Steel Degrees of Protection & Ingress Distribution Assemblies for Construction Sites Earthing Electrical Accessories General Ceiling roses Cooker Control Units Plugs & Socket Outlets Switches Emergency Lighting Hazardous Areas Household Appliances Isolating Transformer (for shaver sockets) LV Switchgear & Assemblies General Circuit Breakers (MCB, MCCB) Earth Leakage Circuit Breakers (ELCB, RCD) Fuses Busbar trunking systems Neon Signs Non Combustibility Test Trunking, Ducting and Fittings Thermal Classification of Electrical Insulation
* Also listed as EN (European) Standard under the same number

BS

IEC

6004, 6346 6231 5467, 6234, 7211 6207, 6081 6500, 6141, 6004, 6977 6121 4568, 60423*, 50086*, 31 4607, 6053, 6099 731 60529 4363 7430, 951 5733 67 4177 546, 196, 1363, 4343 3676, 60947-3* 5266 5345, 5501 3456, 60335* 3535 60439*, 60947*, 60947-1* 60898, 3871 4293 88, 1361 60439-2 559 476 4678 2757
*

502 227

702 227, 245

432, 614 423 529 364-7-704 364-5-54

947, 439-1 & 3 898 755

439-2

1084 85

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A4.

Guidance Note on Supply Voltage Changes

Distribution Companies in the UAE have traditionally based the design of their networks on the UK power system. Previously, the voltage of supply was declared to be 240V single-phase or 415V three phase, with an allowed variation in the supply of +/- 6%. However, with the harmonization of supply voltages in Europe (line with IEC 38) the UK has adopted a supply voltage of 230V / 400V +/- 10%. Distribution Companies in the UAE have now followed the same change but as with companies in the UK they are expected to continue to operate their networks in the old operating range for a transition period (1 or 2 years). This can be achieved by declaring a supply voltage of 230V/400V +/- 10% but in practice operating the LV networks in a range of 230V/400V +10% to -6%. This means that existing equipment and appliances will not experience any significant change in the maximum supply voltage and only a small change in the minimum supply voltage (see illustration below). However, new equipment and appliances must be designed to operate in the wider range of 230V/400V +/- 10%. At the end of the transition period Distribution Companies are expected to switch to the wider range which allows for a single phase voltage level down to 207V (i.e. 230V - 10%), which allowing for a 4% volt drop within a customers premises means that an appliance could receive a voltage as low as 198.7V and must continue to operate satisfactorily.

Figure A4 Comparison of old and new supply voltage ranges

225.6
- 6%

240
+6%

254.4 Old UK supply voltage range previously used in Abu Dhabi

207.0
- 10%

230
+10%

253.0 IEC.38 supply voltage range as adopted in the Supply Regulations for Abu Dhabi

216.2
- 6%

230
+10%

253.0 IEC.38 voltage operated under a restricted range by Distribution Companies (transition period)

200

210

220

230 Volts

240

250

260

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A5.

Guidance Notes for the Estimation of Diversified Connected Load

The total estimated load at a Premise must be calculated and submitted to the Distribution Company in order to make an application for a new supply of electricity or alteration of an existing supply. It is normal practice to calculate the Diversified Connected Load rather than simply take the sum of all equipment and appliances in the Installation. This method avoids over sizing of the Installation as well as the Distribution Company supply. Firstly, the design and layout of an installation should be detailed in the format of load distribution schedules as shown in appendix A33. These schedules should list all connection points and fixed Appliances in each circuit. To arrive at the total Diversified Connected Load, assume the following: (a) Lighting: sum of wattage of all luminaries OR assume 100W for each lighting point and / or 1.8 x lamp wattage for fluorescent lighting assume 200 watts per point for general ring circuits (except kitchen) assume 3000 watts for fixed kitchen appliances (washing machine etc) kitchen worktop points - assume 1000W kitchen cooker take rating of circuit or appliance air conditioning supply points taking rating of each a/c unit water heater points take rating of each unit lifts and other motors take rating of each unit

(b) 13A power points:

(c) other power points:

Diversity factors may be applied to sub-totals of the above categories as follows, before taking the grand total as the Diversified Connected Load: (a) total lighting: (b) total 13 general power points: (c) total other power points: 80% 70% no diversity

For non domestic premises the above rules and diversity factors will need to be adapted to take into account the particular nature of the installation. This should be done by a qualified designer or engineer. For example, the connected load of industrial machinery in continuous operation would be taken as 100% unless it was mainly in night time operation, or had very short (few minutes) load cycles. Another example could be a warehouse with automatic motion operated lighting for energy saving, which may result in a diversity factor as low as 20%. Alternatively, the average load per m2 of floor area can be used if such data is available from other similar premises.

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A6.

Customer Earthed (TT) and Distribution Company Earthed Systems (TN-S)

Figure A6 (a)

Customer Earthed System (TT)


Distribution Company Transformer

L1 L2 L3 N E
Transformer Neutral Point Earth

Earth fault current

Customers Main Earth Terminal

Customers Main Distribution Board

N L E Earth fault

Customers Earth Electrode

Appliance Earth

Figure A6 (b)

Distribution Company Earthed System (TN-S)

Distribution Company Transformer

L1 L2 L3 N
Earth sheath or armour of Distribution Company Cable

Transformer Neutral Point Earth

Customers Main Distribution Board Customers Main Earth Terminal

N L E Earth fault

Earth fault current

Appliance Earth

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A7.

Guidance Note on Principles of Electric Shock Protection and Earthing

The Regulations include requirements which are designed to protect persons against electric shock in situations of both Direct and Indirect Contact with electrical voltages. Direct Contact is defined as the inadvertent or accidental contact with a live phase conductor (or neutral conductor that is connected through a load to a live conductor). The term Indirect Contact refers to situations where a person is touching an Earthed Metallic Part of an Appliance, Installation, or other Extraneous Metallic Part which then becomes live (for a short time) due to the passage of earth fault current. Such metallic parts could include the casing or cover of an Appliance such as a fridge or washing machine, the earthed parts of an Installation such as earthed metal conduits, metallic switches or socket outlets, or other Extraneous Metallic Parts in a building which have been earthed, such as metal pipes. (a) Direct Contact: The risk of persons coming into contact directly with live phase conductors is mitigated against in the following ways:

(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi)

insulation of conductors (basic insulation) double insulation of conductors (Class II Appliances) secure enclosures, barriers or covers on all un-insulated parts (e.g. connection terminals, busbar sections etc) reduced voltage systems (SELV) isolated (unearthed) systems (e.g. BS3535 shaver socket isolating transformer) limitation of contact time and current by use of a Residual Current Device

The requirement for all occupied Premises to have overall earth leakage protection is new to these Regulations. Previously, there was no provision for Protective Devices which could give protection against Direct Contact with a live conductor. Note: overcurrent devices such as MCBs do not give protection against electric shock. In addition, RCDs do not give protection against electric shock between phase conductors or between phase conductors and earth, although this would be a rare occurrence. (b) Indirect Contact: Indirect Contact, through Earthed metallic parts, is mitigated against by:

(i) (ii) (iii)

ensuring that the voltage rise on earthed metal parts during the passage of fault current is kept below a safe level (deemed to be 50V) ensuring that persons cannot be in contact with any two metallic parts which are at a different potential during the passage of earth fault current ensuring that a high resistance earth fault does not persist and is cleared by operation of earth leakage protection

The diagram over leaf illustrates cases of Direct and Indirect Contact

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Figure A7 Cases of Direct and Indirect Contact which may lead to Electric Shock

2
Appliance Earth fault

Earth fault current

N L3 L2 L1

RCD Customers Main Earth Terminal Customers Main Distribution Board

Customers Earth Electrode (for TT system)

Connection to earth sheath of Distribution Companys cable (TN-S system)

1 Direct Contact with live conductor 2 Contact with external metallic part of Appliance during earth fault 3 Contact with earthed metallic part of Electrical Installation during earth fault 4 Contact between extraneous metallic part and earthed metallic part Note: Installations must be designed to keep the voltage rise on earthed metallic parts below 50V during the time of fault

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A8.

Guidance Note on Earth Conductors and Equipotential Bonding

Earth Conductors
Earth Conductors within Installations are a vital link for safety. They provide a path for current from a faulty line touching Extraneous Metallic Parts in a premises, or touching Exposed Metallic Parts of an Appliance to flow to Earth and back to the earthed neutral of the distribution transformer. Such earth currents can include short circuits, high resistance faults, as well as current flow due to Direct Contact with persons. The term Earth Conductor covers all of the following: main Earth Conductors: circuit Earth Conductors: appliance Earth Conductors: conductors from Distribution Boards to Final Circuits and Appliance connection points (also known as circuit Earth Conductors) conductors from Appliance connection points (e.g. 3 pin socket outlets) to an Appliance, normally within a sheathed cable or flex conductors connecting Exposed Metallic Parts within an Appliance conductors from Earth Electrodes to the Main Earth Terminal conductors from the Main Earth Terminal to Distribution Boards

Other terminology which is confusingly used outside these Regulations includes: circuit protective conductor (CPC), earth continuity conductor (ECC), or earth wire. The main Earth Conductors in an installation are very important, since they provide the only route to the Main Earth Terminal or Earth Electrodes, and therefore must be safeguarded against damage, corrosion, accidental disconnection etc. They should be subject to regular inspection and testing. Connections to the Main Earth Terminal and Earth Electrodes should have a standard warning label as shown below: Figure A8(a) Standard Safety Label for main Earth connections

SAFETY EARTH CONNECTION - DO NOT REMOVE

Equipotential Bonding Conductors


The purpose of Equipotential Bonding Conductors is to prevent the rise of dangerous voltage on extraneous metallic parts in a premises which may be touched by persons during the instant of a fault occurring. In addition, Equipotential Bonding is a safeguard in the unlikely event of loss of the main earth connection (either Customer Earth or Distribution Company Earth) whereby all metallic parts in a premises are kept at the same voltage, even if there is a rise of voltage above zero (assuming that any persons inside a building cannot touch the physical Earth outside the premises). Main Equipotential Bonding Conductors are used to connect major metallic parts such as water pipes and other underground services that enter a building, see figure A8 (e) over leaf. Supplementary Equipotential Bonding Conductors are used to connect metal items in a premises that are in high risk areas such as bathrooms, kitchens, semi-outdoor locations (e.g. garage). These locations are similar in that persons may be in contact with water or moisture when touching an earthed extraneous metallic part such as a water tap or pipe. Supplementary Equipotential Bonding conductors are connected to the nearest circuit Earth Conductor or main Earth Conductor rather than back to the Main Earth Terminal, see figure A8 (d) over leaf. Supplementary Bonding conductors are not required for standalone items which are not near to any electrical wiring, such as metal doors (unless part of the Electrical Installation), windows, small parts such as handles, brackets etc. As a

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APPENDICES - page 10 of 40

CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1 general rule, metal parts which are not near to electrical wiring and which have a resistance to earth of 50 k ohms or greater, need not be connected to Equipotential Bonding. The standard sizing of Earth Conductors and Equipotential Bonding Conductors is given in appendix A11. Figure A8 (b) Types of Earth Conductors
circuit Earth Conductor in Ring Circuit

circuit Earth Conductors to accessories (even if plastic)

circuit Earth Conductor in Appliance flexible cord Earth Bar

circuit Earth Conductors alongside phase and neutral conductors

Fixed appliances

main Earth Conductor

Main Earth Terminal

Figure A8 (c) Connection of Main Earth Conductor to Earth Electrode

main Earth Conductor

inspection pit

letters at least 5mm height

customers Earth Electrode

SAFETY EARTH CONNECTION - DO NOT REMOVE

label at connection clamp

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Figure A8 (d) Connection of supplementary Equipotential Bonding Conductors

circuit Earth Conductors

supplementary Equipotential Bonding Conductor label SAFETY EARTH CONNECTION - DO NOT REMOVE

Figure A8 (e) Connection of main Equipotential Bonding Conductors

SAFETY EARTH CONNECTION - DO NOT REMOVE label

customers Main Earth Terminal

main Earth Conductors

incoming electricity supply (TN-S Earth System)

if lower section of pipe is insulated connect main Bonding Conductor at B rather than A

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A9.

Electric Shock Protection Using Residual Current Devices

The Regulations include a compulsory requirement for the provision of overall earth leakage protection, normally using an RCD, for any occupied Premises. Such devices must conform to the performance characteristics specified in BS4293, which requires that a device must operate within 40 milliseconds at 5 times the nominal operating current, and should not operate at less than 50% of its nominal operating current. The performance characteristic of RCD devices is designed so as to reduce the risk of harmful electric shock to persons, either due to Direct Contact with a live conductor or due to Indirect Contact through the earthing of an Installation, Appliance, or Extraneous metallic part in a Premises. The risk to the human body depends on the time and magnitude of current that may pass at the time of an electric shock incident. The low risk and high risk range of current against time is illustrated below, along with the operating times of typical RCD devices (from IEC60479). Figure A9(a) Time/current response of human body to Electric Shock, vs. RCD characteristics

Response of human body: Zone 1: Zone 2: Zone 3: Zone 4: usually no reaction shock sensation, but usually no harmful effects likelihood of muscular contraction, and temporary cardiac arrest without ventricular fibrillation in addition to the effects of zone 3, the probability of ventricular fibrillation is increased by 5% for curve C2 and 50% for curve C3; harmful effects such as cardiac arrest, breathing arrest and burns are likely to occur

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Figure A9(b) Illustration of operation of RCD devices (3 phase and 1 phase)

Figure A9(c) DC sensing RCDs


Due to the use of semiconductors devices in an Installation there may be situations when an earth fault current is not purely sinusoidal but contains a dc or chopped waveform. This may de-sensitise or disable standard AC operated RCDs. Special devices are available which are designed to continue to function even for non-sinusoidal supply waveforms (complying with IEC1008, IEC1009). The following symbols are shown on RCDs along with the nominal trip current rating.

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A10. Performance Characteristics for MCBs complying with BS EN 60898

Figure A10(a) Current limiting performance data

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Figure A10(b) Time/current characteristic (type B, C and D circuit breakers)

Figure A10(c) Internal Construction of MCB

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A11. Sizing of Earth Conductors and Equipotential Bonding Conductors

Cross Sectional Area of Phase and Neutral conductors (S)

Minimum Cross Sectional Area of Earth Conductors

Minimum Cross Sectional Area of Equipotential Bonding Conductors

S <= 16mm2

S
(not less than 2.5mm see note 2)
2

S/2
(not less than 4 or 6mm see note 3)
2

16 mm2 < S <= 35 mm2

16 mm2

10 mm2

S > 35 mm2

S/2

S/4
(but not exceeding 25mm )
2

All sizes shown in mm

Note 1:

For main Earth Conductors between Earth Electrodes and the Main Earth Terminal of an Installation, S should be taken as the cross sectional area of the conductors of the incoming supply cable. For other Earth Conductors S should be taken as the cross section of the circuit phase conductors. Earth Conductors should always be insulated and a cross section of less than 2.5mm should not be used unless they are an integral part of a cable (e.g. an Appliance flexible cord) Main Equipotential Bonding conductors should be sized according to the live conductors of the incoming supply, but should not be less than a minimum size of 6mm2. Supplementary Bonding Conductors should be sized according to the live conductors of the circuit to which they are connected but should not be less than 4mm2. As an alternative to using the above selection table the sizing of Earth Conductors and Equipotential Bonding Conductors may be calculated using the adiabatic equation provided in the UK IEE Wiring Regulations BS7671:2001 paragraph 543-01-03.

Note 2:

Note 3:

Note 4:

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A12. Number of Earth Electrodes Required for Installations


The number of Earth Electrodes required at a Premises will be determined primarily by the value of Earth Resistance that can be achieved from each. However, the minimum number in any case shall be as shown below:

Main Incoming Circuit Breaker Rating (Amps)

Minimum Number of Earth Electrodes

Minimum size of Earth Conductors

60/100 200 300 400 500 600 800 1000 1600 2000 2500

1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

16 50 50 70 70 70 70 70 70 150 150

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A13. Mandatory Connections to Earth Conductors


The following items must be connected to the circuit Earth Conductor, which should be provided separately for each Final Circuit, insulated with green/yellow PVC sheath, be of the appropriate size (appendix A11) and be installed in the same conduits or routes as the phase and neutral conductors.

Items where connections must be made to the circuit Earth Conductor Distribution Boards - frame and external metallic parts, including door Metal conduits, trunking etc - at start and end of runs, at pulling points and inspection boxes Switchgear - frame and external metallic parts, doors etc Luminaires - external metallic parts2 Switches - metallic parts, mounting boxes, cover plates1 Socket outlets - metallic parts, mounting boxes, cover plates1 Fixed appliances and machinery - external metallic parts (e.g. metal casing)

Note 1: the earthing of cover plates should not rely solely on the connection of fixing screws to an earthed mounting box (due to the possibility of poor connections, corrosion etc); a short flexible earth conductor should be connected between the mounting box and the plate Note 2: the circuit Earth Conductor should be terminated in the connection box for a Luminare even if it is plastic (in order to provide for future use)

Figure A13 Circuit Earth Conductor connection to socket outlet and back box

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A14. Earth Leakage Protection for Equipment


The table below shows the required nominal operating current values for RCDs and similar devices. These are intended to provide for electric shock protection, particularly in high risk areas, as well as protection against high resistance earth faults which may not operate overcurrent devices and pose a risk of overheating or fire. The values may be varied in special circumstances with prior approval from the Distribution Company. However, an overall earth leakage protection device of nominal operating current 100mA is required in all occupied Premises (see Regulation 4.4.10 for exceptions).

Equipment 13A switched socket outlets Water heaters Kitchen fixed appliances (e.g. washing machine) Domestic water pumps Swimming pool pumps, or Jacuzzi Under water lighting General fixed lighting Flood lighting Window / split type air conditioning Air handling, a/c fan coils etc Central / package a/c units Chiller unit Irrigation pump Electric Cooker (not supplied by 13A socket outlet) Industrial machines etc Elevators, escalators, lifts Neon signs

Nominal Operating Current (mA) 30 30 30 30 10 10 100 100 - 300 100 100 100 - 300 100 - 500 100 100 100 - 300 300 - 500 300

Note: where 2 values are indicated the higher value is allowed only where the equipment is not normally accessible to persons.

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A15. Earth Fault Loop Impedance

Table A15(a)

Maximum Earth Fault Loop Impedance for circuits connected by MCBs to give a disconnection time within 0.4 seconds Maximum earth-fault loop impedance (Ohms) MCB type 1 12.00 10.00 6.00 4.00 3.75 3.00 2.40 2.00 1.88 1.5 MCB type 2 6.86 5.71 3.43 2.29 2.14 1.71 1.37 1.14 1.07 0.86 MCB type 3 and type C 4.80 4.00 2.40 1.60 1.50 1.20 0.96 0.80 0.75 0.60 MCB type B 8.00 4.80 3.00 2.40 1.92 1.50 1.20 MCB type D 2.40 2.00 1.20 0.80 0.75 0.60 0.48 0.40 0.38 0.30

Device rating (A) 5 6 10 15 16 20 25 30 32 40

Table A15(b)

Resistance per metre of copper conductors for calculation of R1 + R2

Conductor cross-sectional area (mm) 1.0 1.5 2.5 4.0 6.0 10.0 16.0 25.0

Resistance per metre run (m ohms / m) 18.1 12.10 7.41 4.61 3.08 1.83 1.15 0.727

Note: to allow for the increase in resistance with increased temperature under fault conditions these values must be multiplied by 1.2 for p.v.c. insulated cables

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Figure A15(a)

Formula for Earth Fault loop Impedance

Zs = Ze + ZR1 + R2
Where:

Zs = Ze = ZR1 + R2

total Earth Fault Loop Impedance Distribution Company supply impedance = impedance of the longest circuit in the Installation, taken by measuring a circuit phase conductor impedance R1, and the same circuits Earthing Conductor impedance R2.

Figure A15(b)

Illustration of Component Parts of Earth Fault loop Impedance

l. - the phase conductor from the transformer to the installation 2 -the protective device(s) in the installation 3 -the installation phase conductors from the intake position to the fault 4. - the fault itself (usually assumed to have zero impedance) 5. - the circuit earth conductors 6. - the main earthing terminal 7. - the main earthing conductor 8. - the installation earth electrode 9. - the general mass of earth 10. - the Distribution Company's transformer earth electrode 11. - the Distribution Company's main earthing conductor 12. -the secondary winding of the Distribution Company's transformer

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A16. Cable Ratings, Voltage Drop and Ambient Temperature Correction Factors

Table A16(a)

Standard cable ratings and Voltage drop for single core, PVC (thermoplastic), nonarmoured, stranded copper conductor (BS6004 and BS6346), with or without sheath, installed in concealed or surface conduit.

Cross sectional area (mm) 1.0 1.5 2.5 4.0 6.0 10.0 16.0

In conduit in thermal insulation (A) 2 cables 11.0 14.5 19.5 26.0 34.0 46.0 61.0

In conduit in thermal insulation (A) 3 or 4 cables 10.5 13.5 18.0 24.0 31.0 42.0 56.0

In conduit on wall (A) 2 cables 13.5 17.5 24.0 32.0 41.0 57.0 76.0

In conduit on wall (A) 3 or 4 cables 12.0 15.5 21.0 28.0 36.0 50.0 68.0

Volt drop (mV/A/m) 2 cables 44.0 29.0 18..0 11.0 7.3 4.4 2.8

Volt drop (mV/A/m) 3 or 4 cables 38.0 25.0 15.0 9.5 6.4 3.8 2.4

At 30 C ambient

Table A16(b)

Standard cable ratings and Voltage drop for multi-core core, PVC (thermoplastic) cables (BS6346)

Cross sectional area (mm) 1.0 1.5 2.5 4.0 6.0 10.0 16.0

In conduit in thermal insulation (A) 2 core 11.0 14.0 18.5 25.0 32.0 43.0 57.0
o

In conduit in thermal insulation (A) 3 or 4 core 10.0 13.0 17.5 23.0 29.0 39.0 52.0

In conduit on wall (A) 2 core 13.0 16.5 23.0 30.0 38.0 52.0 69.0

In conduit on wall (A) 3 or 4 core 11.5 15.0 20.0 27.0 34.0 46.0 62.0

Clipped direct (A) 2 core 15.0 19.5 27.0 36.0 46.0 63.0 85.0

Clipped direct (A) 3 or 4 core 13.5 17.5 24.0 32.0 41.0 57.0 76.0

Volt drop

Volt drop

(mV/A/m) 2 core 44.0 29.0 18.0 11.0 7.3 4.4 2.8

(mV/A/m) 3 or 4 core 38.0 25.0 15.0 9.5 6.4 3.8 2.4

At 30 C ambient

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Table A16(c)

Standard cable ratings and Voltage drop for mineral insulated cables Crosssectional area (mm) 1.0 1.5 2.5 4.0 1.0 1.5 2.5 4.0 6.0 10.0 16.0
o

p.v.c. sheath 2 x single or twin (A) 18.5 24.0 31.0 42.0 20.0 25.0 34.0 45.0 57.0 78.0 104.0

p.v.c. Sheath 3 core (A) 16.5 21.0 28.0 37.0 17.5 22.0 30.0 40.0 51.0 69.0 92.0

p.v.c. Sheath 3 x single or twin (A) 16.5 21.0 28.0 37.0 17.5 22.0 30.0 40.0 51.0 69.0 92.0

Bare sheath 2 x single (A) 22.0 28.0 38.0 51.0 24.0 31.0 42.0 55.0 70.0 96.0 127.0

Bare sheath 3x single (A) 21.0 27.0 36.0 47.0 24.0 30.0 41.0 53.0 67.0 91.0 119.0

At 30 C ambient

Table A16(d)

Ambient temperature correction factors (relative to 30 C) for cable ratings [from tables 4C1 of BS7671:2001] Type of cable insulation 70C PVC 1.03 1.00 0.94 0.87 0.79 0.71 0.61 85C rubber 1.02 1.00 0.95 0.90 0.85 0.80 0.74 70C mineral insulated 1.03 1.00 0.93 0.85 0.77 0.67 0.57 105C mineral insulated 1.02 1.00 0.96 0.92 0.88 0.84 0.80

Ambient temperature (C) 25 30 35 40 45 50 55

The Electricity Wiring Regulations 2007

APPENDICES - page 24 of 40

CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1

A17. Colour Identification of Cables

Conductor

Colour

Non-flexible / fixed wiring and all 3 phase cables: Earth Conductors Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Neutral Flexible cables for single phase Appliances: Earth Conductors Phase 1 Neutral Green / yellow Brown Blue Green / yellow Red Yellow Blue Black

Note: the European harmonised cable colours [BS EN 60446 effective from Jan 2006] of Brown, Grey and Black for Phase 1, Phase 2, and Phase 3 have not been adopted for the Emirate of Abu Dhabi

A18. Capacity of Conduits and Trunking

Conductor (mm)
20

Size of Conduit (mm)


25
Maximum number of conductors

32

1.5 2.5 4.0 6.0 10.0 16.0 25.0

7 5 3 -

12 9 6 5 3 -

12 9 8 6 4 3

Note: for cable trays and trunking the space factor (total cross sectional area of cables vs. the interior cross section of trunking) shall not exceed 50%.

The Electricity Wiring Regulations 2007

APPENDICES - page 25 of 40

CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1

A19. IP Coding for Ingress Protection


The IP (Ingress Protection) system of coding provides a standardised interpretation of the level of physical protection that equipment or enclosures maybe designed for. The coding system is specified in BS EN 60529: 1992 (adopted from IEC 529: 1989). The first digit of the code specifies protection against ingress of foreign objects of varying size, ranging from hands / fingers to fine dust particles. The second digit specifies protection against ingress of moisture, ranging from free falling water, to immersion in water. BS EN 60529 does not specify protection against the risk of explosion, humidity and corrosive gases. If enclosures or equipment is drilled or knockouts removed, suitable measures should be taken to restore the equipment to the original IP rating.

Ingress Protection - IP Codes


First Digit Protection against ingress by solid objects X 0 1 2 3 4 5 Not tested or not applicable No protection Human hand or objects > 50mm Human finger or objects > 12mm Objects > 2.5mm (e.g. tools or wires) Objects > 1.0mm (e.g. small wires) Limited protection against dust (to the extent that does not harm the equipment) Totally protected against dust 5 6 7 8 4 Second Digit Protection against ingress by liquids X 0 1 2 3 Not tested or not applicable No protection Vertically dripping water Sprays of water < 15 from vertical Sprays of water < 60 from vertical Splashes of water (from any direction) Low pressure jets of water (from any direction) Strong jets of water (from any direction) Temporary immersion Total immersion
o o

Typical Examples: (a) Domestic 13A socket outlet: (b) Outdoor extension lead & socket: (c) Outdoor weather-proof light switch: IP 53 IP 64 IP 66

The Electricity Wiring Regulations 2007

APPENDICES - page 26 of 40

CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1

A20. Standard Wiring Diagram Symbols

Symbol

Description
Main Distribution Board (MDB) Sub Main Distribution Board (SMDB) Distribution Board (DB) Air Circuit Breaker (ACB) Moulded Case Circuit Breaker (MCCB) Miniature Circuit Breaker (MCB) Earth Leakage Circuit Beaker (ELCB) Fuse Link

kWh meter (direct reading) kWh meter (ct operated) Switched line (e.g. connecting all outlets controlled by one switch) Circuit line (e.g. connecting all outlets on the same circuit) 13A switched socket outlet 15A switched socket outlet 20A double pole switch with neon indicator 30A double pole switch Shaver socket to BS 3052

CCU

Cooker control unit

Note: additional wiring symbols may be taken from BS EN 60617

The Electricity Wiring Regulations 2007

APPENDICES - page 27 of 40

CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1

Appendix A20 continued

Symbol

Description Tungsten light fitting - ceiling mounted Tungsten light fitting - wall mounted Fluorescent light fitting - ceiling mounted Fluorescent light fitting - wall mounted Light switch - 1 way Light switch - 2 way Light switch - intermediate way Light switch - pull cord operated Light switch - key operated

Light switch - weather proof type Exhaust fan Ceiling mounted fan Low level cooker outlet connection Earth connection

Note: additional wiring symbols may be taken from BS EN 60617

The Electricity Wiring Regulations 2007

APPENDICES - page 28 of 40

CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1

A21. Typical Layout for Supply Intake Room

Main Distribution Board

Meters 13A socket outlet Main cable Earth Conductor Capacitor bank

Main cable pulling pit 600 x 600

Earth cable pit 300 x 300 Louvered door (for non-air conditioned room

Standard Size of Supply Intake Rooms


Main Circuit Breaker Rating Intake Room Dimension (metres) 2.5 x 2.5 2.5 x 2.0 2.0 x 2.0

600A - 1000A 350A - 600A 100A - 300A

The Electricity Wiring Regulations 2007

APPENDICES - page 29 of 40

CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1

A22. Typical Layout for Ring Circuits

Spur socket outlet

Fused spur to fixed appliance

To Final DB

Spur socket outlets

The Electricity Wiring Regulations 2007

APPENDICES - page 30 of 40

CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1

A23. Approved and Prohibited Plugs and Socket Types

A23(a) Approved BS1363 plug and socket

A23(b) Approved BS546 plug and socket (for non-domestic only)

A23(c) Prohibited CEE7/7 shuko plug and socket

A23(d) Type CEE7/14 europlug permitted only with a correct adapter

The Electricity Wiring Regulations 2007

APPENDICES - page 31 of 40

CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1

A24. Minimum Recommended Number of Socket Outlets

Room Kitchen: 13A switched socket outlets 20A spur connection points (for washing machine, dryer etc) 45A cooker control unit Bedrooms Lounge / dining Hall / corridor Bathrooms

Minimum number of outlets

4 4 1 4 4 1 Only BS3535 shaver socket

The Electricity Wiring Regulations 2007

APPENDICES - page 32 of 40

CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1

A25. Method for Measuring Earth Resistance

(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi)

a proprietary earth electrode test device should be used auxiliary earth spikes should be applied at least 5m apart and 5m distant from the electrode under test a earth resistance value of less than 5 ohms is required for a Customer Earthed System an additional number of electrodes may be required (or deeper electrodes) to achieve the required earth resistance value due consideration should be given to future changes in soil condition (e.g. drying out) sufficient time should be allowed if special chemicals or salts are added to the ground to improve the earth resistance values

A26. Method for Earth Loop Impedance Test

(i) (ii) (iii)

Earth Fault Loop Impedance may be measured directly at the Supply Intake by specialist instruments alternatively, if the external loop impedance is known, this may be added to the R1 + R2 test, to determine the total Earth Fault Loop Impedance the main circuit breaker should be open and the test link at the Main Earth Terminal should be opened for these tests

The Electricity Wiring Regulations 2007

APPENDICES - page 33 of 40

CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1

A27. Method for Continuity Tests


(i) (ii) All Earth Conductors, phase conductors and neutral conductors should be checked A low reading ohmmeter is required capable of reading down to 0.01 ohms, and producing a test current of 200mA, and having an open circuit voltage of 4 to 24 volts Measurement of R1+R2 (phase conductor resistance + earth conductor resistance) can be made for each circuit by bridging phase and earth terminals at the relevant Distribution Board and measuring the resistance between phase and earth terminals at the most remote connection point or socket outlet separate values of R1 and R2 can be made using a long test lead so that measurement is directly from one end of each conductor to the other (note: the resistance of the test leads should be subtracted from the result) testing of Earth Bonding Conductors should be made using the long lead method

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

A28. Method for Insulation Resistance Test


(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Insulation resistance should be checked between all live conductors, and between live conductors and Earth the test instrument should be capable of producing a d.c. test voltage of 500V when loaded to 1mA and be capable of measurement of up to 200Mohm the minimum acceptable value of insulation resistance for any test is 0.5Mohm the supply should be disconnected and all current using equipment switched off (including neon indicator lamps, and voltmeters mounted on Distribution Boards etc) insulation measurements should be taken from each Distribution Board between each pair of phases in turn, between each phase and neutral, and between each phase and Earth a final test should be made between the neutral bar and earth; if a reading of less than 2Mohm is observed, then each neutral conductor should be tested separately to Earth.

(v)

(vi)

A29. Method for Polarity Tests


(i) (ii) (iii) the polarity test is required to confirm that all single pole devices, and lamp holders with an outer neutral contact (i.e. ES screw type) are correctly connected single pole devices must only be connected in the live conductor and the neutral conductor of all circuits must be continuous the test method used is the same as for the continuity test (appendix A27).

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APPENDICES - page 34 of 40

CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1

A30. Installation Certificate


Project / Building Name: Address / Location: .............................................................................................. Document No. / Ref. ............. ...............................................................................................

Details of Client / Customer: .. .. Account No. etc Contact Details: .. .. New:

New or modified installation:

Modification:

Existing:

If modification or extension, quote original Installation Certificate number: . Brief description of modification or extension work: .. .... Details of Designer: Contact Details: .. ..

We hereby declare that the work completed by us in relation to the above named installation, and detailed in the reference drawings and documents listed below, has been carried out with due skill and care, and in accordance with the Electricity Wiring Regulations 2007 published by the Regulation & Supervision Bureau for the Water and Electricity Sector in Abu Dhabi: Authorized Signatory & name: Date: ... Reference drawings and schedules: Company Stamp: ..

Supply Characteristics: Earthing System: (Local or Company Earth)........ Incoming Cable Size & Type: Main CB type & rating: Main Earth Protection Device, rating: Main Distribution Board type & rating: Sub & final DBs ref, nos: Meter ref. nos and type: Details of Installer: Load Distribution Schedules attached: ... ... ...

Earth Electrode(s) Resistance: .. Earth Electrode(s) Location: . Main Earth Conductor Size: ... Earth Loop Impedance: ...... Max Prospective Fault Current: . Total Connected Load:

...................

...

................................................................................................................................... ..

Contact Details:

..

We hereby declare that the work completed by us in relation to the above named installation, and detailed in the reference drawings and documents listed below, has been carried out with due skill and care, and in accordance with the Electricity Wiring Regulations 2007 published by the Regulation & Supervision Bureau for the Water and Electricity Sector in Abu Dhabi: Authorized Signatory & name: Date: ... Reference drawings and schedules: Company Stamp: ..

The Electricity Wiring Regulations 2007

APPENDICES - page 35 of 40

CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1

A31. Inspection Report


Project / Building Name: Address / Location: Customer/owner: Contact Details: .............................................................................................. Document No. / Ref. ............. .......................................................................................................... .. .. New:

New or modified or existing installation:

Modification:

Existing:

Original Installation Certificate number: . Brief description of modification or extension work: .. .... Inspected & tested by: Contact Details: .. ..

We hereby declare that the inspection and testing completed by us in relation to the above named installation, and detailed in the reference documents listed below, has been carried out with due skill and care, and in accordance with the Electricity Wiring Regulations 2007 published by the Regulation & Supervision Bureau for the Water and Electricity Sector in Abu Dhabi: Authorized Signatory & name: Date: ... Reference drawings and schedules: Company Stamp: .. Supply Characteristics: Earthing System: (Local or Company Earth)........ Incoming Cable Size & Type: Main CB type & rating: Main Earth Protection Device, rating: Main Distribution Board type & rating: Sub & final DBs ref, nos: Meter ref. nos and type: Load Distribution Schedules attached: ... ... ... Earth Electrode(s) Resistance: .. Earth Electrode(s) Location: . Main Earth Conductor Size: ... Earth Loop Impedance: ...... Max Prospective Fault Current: . Total Connected Load:

...................

...

...................................................................................................................................

General Details of Inspection & Testing Date of last inspection & test: Any modifications noted: ................................................................... ................................................................... details: .................................. ..................................

Have modifications been recorded: Yes / No

Age of installation & estimated age of modifications:

Date of next inspection: ............................................................................................. Any dangerous conditions or urgent work required (give details over leaf): Yes / No Any work or improvements recommended (give details over leaf): Yes / No Extent of inspection All:

Part:

Areas not tested / inspected: ................................................................................... Criteria of Inspections: For each of the items listed over leaf the following visual checks have been completed: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) Protection against direct contact (insulation of live parts, adequate barriers and enclosures) Protection against indirect contact (presence of earthing conductors, equi-potential bonding conductors, presence of earth leakage devices ELCB or RCD) Correct positioning of apparatus for safe access and security (including proximity of other services such as alarm systems, water, telephone, gas etc) Correct signs, warnings and identification labels on all equipment and circuits Overall condition of apparatus (signs of aging or deterioration to be noted) Integrity of all connections, no signs of overheating or overloading

[quote non compliance with Regulations, para. no. where required]

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APPENDICES - page 36 of 40

CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1

Inspection Report (continued)


Equipment Inspected:

satisfactory not applicable

not satisfactory (give details / comments) urgent work required

Main intake room condition: Metering Equipment: Main Distribution Board: Main Isolation Device (CB): Main LV switchboard (if any): Incoming supply cable(s): Main earth conductor and earth pits:

..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... .....................................................................

Sub Distribution Boards (give ref. nos): ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... Final Distribution Boards: ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... Distribution Cables (between DBs): ..................................................................... ..................................................................... Main Earth Leakage Device: Circuit cables (where visible): Power factor correction equipment: Standby generation equipment: ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... Power points & socket outlets: Plugs & flexible cords: Any Appliances inspected: ..................................................................... ..................................................................... .....................................................................

Internal Inspection of sample points (10% sample recommended): List circuit connections inspected: ..................................................................... ..................................................................... List lighting points inspected: ..................................................................... ..................................................................... Power points & socket outlets inspected: ..................................................... ..................................................... .....................................................

Deviation from Wiring Regulations & Special Notes:

The Electricity Wiring Regulations 2007

APPENDICES - page 37 of 40

CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1

A32. Testing Report


Project / Building Name: Address / Location: Distribution Board No. / Ref. Fed from: CCT Identity No. CCT ref. No. MCB rating (A) .......................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................... Wire size (cct.) 2 mm Wire size (ecc.) 2 mm Circuit name Document No. / Ref. .................... Tested by .................................. Date: ...................... Date: ...................... Insulation Resistance (M-ohms) L-L Live-Earth Test Instruments (serial no.s) Loop impedance tester: ................................... Continuity tester: .............................................. Insulation tester: .............................................. Earth loop (Z) Functional Test RCD time (ms) Other Remarks

Continuity Test (ohms) R1 + R2 R2 Ring

Deviation from Wiring Regulations & Special Notes:

The Electricity Wiring Regulations 2007

APPENDICES - page 38 of 40

Polarity

CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1

A33. Load Distribution Schedule


Project / Building Name: Address / Location: Distribution Board No. / Ref. Fed from: CCT Identity No. CCT ref. No. R1 Y1 B1 R2 Y2 B2 R3 Y3 B3 .......................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................... ........................................ ........................................ MCB rating (Amps) Phase & Neutral Size 2 mm Incoming Cable size / type and ECC: .......................................................... Main breaker type & rating: ...................................................................................... No. of points Watts per point Date: ...................... Document No. / Ref. .................... Circuit Load in kW R Y B Remarks

Earth Conductor 2 size mm

Circuit name / Point reference

TOTAL CONNECTED LOAD TOTAL LOAD AFTER DIVERSITY

_ _ _ _ _ kW _ _ _ _ _ kW

Remarks: Remarks:

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APPENDICES - page 39 of 40

CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1

The Electricity Wiring Regulations 2007

APPENDICES - page 40 of 40