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# CHEM135 Name:

Exam #1
Fall 2008

Section:

Please show all work in the space provided below the problems. This will particularly help if
you are seeking partial credit.

You are allowed to use pencil on this exam. You are also permitted/encouraged to use a
calculator.

## This exam is closed note and closed book.

When you provide an answer, provide the appropriate unit (e.g. g, Hz, m, mL, J, etc.) if

## c = 3.0 x 108 m/sec h = 6.626 x 10-34 J sec R = 1.0974 x 107/m

1 1 1 -Rhc
= R - En =
! nf2 ni2 n2
E = hν c = λν

hν = Φ + KE KE = (1/2)(mv2) E = mc2

me = 9.11 x 10-31 kg

## Chuck Norris is not “politically correct.” He is just correct. Always.

Pledge:
1) The average nickel (the coin) has a mass of 3.95 g. What is the mass (in mg, milligrams) of
\$9,231.35 worth of nickels. Provide your answer using the correct number of significant figures.
(1 mg = 10-3 g) (8 points)

2) Consider the Millikan oil drop experiment, the apparatus of which is shown below.

Explain qualitatively what Millikan would have observed had he switched the polarity of the
plates used to generate the electric field, and why he would have observed this. That is, referring
to the diagram above, if the positively charged plate were changed to a negatively charged plate
and the negatively charged plate were changed to a positively charged plate. (12 points)
3) Light with a wavelength of 400.0 nm strikes the surface of a sample of Samarium (Sm). The
ejected electrons have a maximum velocity of 3.759 x 105 m/sec. Determine both the work
function of Sm and the longest wavelength that will lead to electron ejection from the surface.
(1nm = 10-9 m) (16 points)

## Longest wavelength = _____________

4) The ionization energy for a single ground state hydrogen atom is 2.181 x 10-18 J (“ground
state” means the electrons are in the lowest energy orbitals possible). Using external means, we
can “excite” the hydrogen atom, which means we move its electron to a higher energy level.
Determine the ionization energy (in J) for an excited hydrogen atom whose electron is in the
energy level n = 3. (16 points)

IE = _________________
5) In a ruthenium atom (Ru), which set of orbitals is higher in energy – the 4p, 4d or 5s? Justify

6) Shown below are three depictions of the ground state electron configuration of neutral
carbon. Each one has something wrong with it. Below each depiction, briefly describe what is
wrong. (12 points)

a) b) c)
2p 2p 2p

2s 2s 2s

1s 1s 1s

7) Write out the electron configuration of the Br+2 ion. You may NOT use the shorthand
notation in which you put a noble gas in brackets and write everything after that – you MUST
write the entire configuration explicitly. (8 points)
8) Provide either the name or the formula of the ionic compounds provided below, depending on
which is given. If the formula is given, provide the name. If the name is given, provide the
formula. (12 points)

c) BaBr2 d) OsS4

## e) potassium nitrate f) magnesium phosphate

9) Silver consists of two naturally occurring isotopes. The weighted atomic mass of silver (Ag)
is 107.8682. If one of the isotopes has a mass of 106.9051 amu and an abundance of 51.86%,
determine the mass (in amu) and percent abundance of the second isotope. (8 points)