INJSO 2014 Solutions

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INJSO 2014 Solutions

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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Roll Number:

Section A

Q.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 (a) (b) (c) (d) Q.No. 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 (a) (b) (c) (d)

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Section A (continued)

Q.No. 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 (a) (b) (c) (d) Q.No. 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 (a) (b) (c) (d)

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Section B : Long Answer Questions Ans 61. Any three points in the space fixes a plane. Note that ABC and ADC are two right-angled triangles (but possibly in different planes). Fixing the plane of ABC, the locus of D is a circle with AC as axis. If X is the point on this circle closest to B then it lies in the plane of ABC and ABXC is an isosceles trapezium. One can calculate BX using Pythagoras theorem to get BX = 4.6. For any other point Y on the circle, triangle BXY is right-angled at X, and hence BY is maximum when XY is maximum (which happens when Y is diametrically opposite to X). Again by Pythagoras theorem we get BY = 10. Thus the maximum and minimum possible distances between B and D are 10 and 2.8 light years, respectively.

Ans 62. i. ii. iii. Blood group phenotype O A B AB iv. c) O -ve and AB +ve Genotype Antigen on the surface of RBC Nil A antigen B antigen A and B antigen Serum antibody X: IAIO , Y: IBIB or IBIO, P: IBIO, R: IBIO, Q: IAIB Phenotypes of offsprings: either O or A blood group Genotypes: IOIO or IOIA

Ans 63. i. ii. Nitrogen fixation, Ammonification, Nitrification, Denitrification a) b) c) d) e) f) True False False False True True

iii. a) No Fixation of nitrogen in leguminous plants of the field. iv. a) Ammonium ions

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INJSO 2014

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Ans 64. i. ii. 2MnO2 + As2O3 + H2O 2Mn2+ + 2AsO43 + 2H+ i) ii) 0.0750 L 0.0125 mol/L = 9.38 10 4 mol As2O3 0.01600 L 2.25 10 3 mol/L = 3.6 105 mol MnO4 3.6 105 mol MnO4 (5 mol As2O3/4 mol MnO4 ) = 4.5 10 5 mol As2O3 left 9.38 10 4 - 4.5 10 5 = 8.93 104 mol As2O3 react with 8.93 104 mol As2O3 (2 mol MnO2/1 mol As2O3 ) = 1.8 x 10 5 mol MnO2

iii)

iii.

1.8 10 5 mol MnO2 (87 g MnO2/ mol MnO2) = 0.156 g MnO2 mass % of MnO2 = (0.156 g MnO2/ 0.255 g sample) 100 = 62 % MnO2 in sample. The endpoint corresponds to a slight purple (pink) color due to excess MnO4 (aq).

iv.

Ans 65. The average velocity in the first 20 seconds is 2 units/sec. The same during the next 20 seconds is 1 unit/sec and during the last 20 seconds is 1.5 unit/sec. Let M_1 denote the maximum velocity during the first 20 seconds and M_2 denote the same during the last 20 seconds. Let m denote the minimum velocity during the middle 20 seconds. Then M_1 is at least 2, M_2 is at least 1.5 while m is at most 1. So at some point of time the acceleration must have been negative and at some other point of time positive. Somewhere between these two points, the acceleration must have been zero.

Ans 66 a. 10 x 20 x 30 has a base of 10 x 20 with marbles of r = 2 cm i.e. there are 10 in an line with 5 lines of marbles i.e. 50 marbles on the lowest layer with 30 cm height impels 18 layer i.e. 750 marbles 48% empty space = 48% of total volume should be available for water.

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Ans 66 b. We have considered the smaller mass m to be consisting of 2 smaller masses as shown in the figure. We have labled the smaller masses as m1 and m 2. Each will be having a mass of m/2. The distance between the two smaller masses will just be r itself. Note that r<<R .

The force due to mass M on m1 will be given by F1 = The force due to mass M on m2 will be given by: F2 = The mutual force between the 2 smaller halves will be given by Fm = (3) (2) (1)

The condition for the comet to break up will be when the difference of the forces on the two smaller masses will be greater than the mutual force of attraction between the two small masses. F1 F2 > Fm (4) Rearranging the above equation will give > (5)

Here we have used r<< R, in saying that (R + r/2)2 (R r/2)2 R 4 This will give (8)

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INJSO 2014

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Ans 67. i. 2NaN3 : 0.2 KNO3 2 X 65 : 0.2 x101 130 : 20.2 3.22 : 1 (mass by ratio) K2O + Na2O + SiO2 Na2K2SiO4 (alkaline silicate glass)

ii. iii.

1 mole of N2 occupy 24.0 dm3 of volume There for 72 dm3 corresponds to 2.7 mole of N2 2.7 mole of N2 ( 2 mole of NaN3 / 3 mole of N2) =1.8 mole of NaN3 1.8 mole of NaN3 (65 gm of NaN3 / 1 mole of NaN3) = 117 gm of NaN3 117 gm of NaN3 X 20.2 gm of KNO3 / 130 gm of NaN3 = 18.2 gm of KNO3 Total mass of the mixture of sodium azide and potassium nitrate = 135 gm Hf for NaN3 = 361.7 KJ/mol For 2NaN3 (s) 2Na (s) + 3N2 (g) Hr = - 2 X 361.7 KJ/mol = -723.4 KJ/mol

iv.

Ans 68. i. ii. iii. iv. (Q/t) = m s (1 0) = 2 m s (1 0) (40 30 ) = 2 x (35 30 ) (Q/t) = m s (1 0) 1 = 400 C

(1/14) x 3.5 x 60 = 15 lit. Q/t = m s (2 0) => 3000 = (1/14) 4200 (2 25) => 2 = 350C The cold water tap should not be opened. On the second floor, the pressure is doubled (Assuming that heater is located at the top of bathroom). As a result, the rate of flow of water will be doubled. Doubling the rate of flow into the heater will cause the increase in temperature by half the amount as earlier. Thus in the winter, the hot water tap will give water at 30 C instead of 35 C (An increase of 5 C instead of 10 C), making the final temperature of the water as 30 C, since the cold water tap is closed. In the summer, the hot water tap will give water at 35 C instead of 40 C (An increase of 5 C instead of 10 C), and the cold water tap will still be at 30 C. Thus the net temperature would be at 32.5 C, since both will be open by the same amount.

v.

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