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MATHEMATICS

PAPER 4

Wednesday

0580/4, 0581/4

Morning 2 hours 30 minutes

8 NOVEMBER 2000

Additional materials: Answer paper Electronic calculator Geometrical instruments Graph paper (1 sheet) Mathematical tables (optional) Tracing paper (optional)

TIME

2 hours 30 minutes

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES Write your name, Centre number and candidate number in the spaces provided on the answer paper/ answer booklet Answer all questions. Write your answers on the separate answer paper provided. All working must be clearly shown. It should be done on the same sheet as the rest of the answer. Marks will be given for working which shows that you know how to solve the problem even if you get the answer wrong. If you use more than one sheet of paper, fasten the sheets together. INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question. The total of the marks for this paper is 130. Electronic calculators should be used. If the degree of accuracy is not specified in the question, and if the answer is not exact, the answer should be given to three significant figures. Answers in degrees should be given to one decimal place. For π, use either your calculator value or 3.142.

**This question paper consists of 8 printed pages.
**

SB (KN/DJ) QK07555/3 © UCLES 2000

[Turn over

[1] [2] [2] (b) In 1999 the labour costs were $78 000. (a) (i) (ii) (iii) The angle in the profit sector is x°. Calculate the amount paid for materials. [2] 2 (a) topicMatrices topicEquationsandInequalities ( 3 9 4 0 5 –3 0 0 2 )( ) ( ) = and M–1 = 1 q r p –26 . 35 [4] Find the values of p. Show that x = 72. Calculate the labour costs for 1993.2 1 topicPercentages topicStandardform topicStatistics topicRatioproportionrate PROFIT x° TAX LABOUR NOT TO SCALE 150° 84° MATERIALS A company’s accounts for 1998 are shown in the pie chart above. (i) (ii) Write 78 000 in standard form. q and r. Calculate the percentage increase in labour costs from 1998 to 1999. () [1] Solve the equation x2 + 8x + 10 = 0. 5 Find the value of k if x2 + 8x + 10 = 0. t (b) M = t ( ) 6 5t ( ) –5t 6 t –t where M–1 is the inverse of M and t ≠ 0. [4] Write down an equation in t and solve it. The profit was $36 000 and the labour costs were $75 000. Find the ratio tax : profit in its lowest terms. [1] [2] (c) The labour costs of $78 000 in 1999 were 160% more than the labour costs in 1993. Show all your working and give your answers correct to 2 decimal places. (c) (x (i) (ii) 2) x = kx is a matrix equation. [5] 0580/4 W00 .

(i) (ii) (iii) (d) (i) (ii) What is the value of t when the stone reaches ground level? For how long is the stone more than 12 m above the ground? Give your answer in seconds to 1 decimal place.5 c [3] topicGraphsoffunctions (a) Calculate the values of a. The equation h = 20t – 5t2 + 1 gives the height h metres above ground level of a stone t seconds after it has been thrown vertically upwards. (b) Using a scale of 2 cm to represent 0.5 19. (a) Calculate. BC = 5 cm.75 1 16 1. [4] [5] (c) Taking any measurements from your net which you may need and showing all your working.3 3 topicGeometricaltermsandrelationships topicGeometricalconstructions topicMensuration topicTrigonometry D A 4cm B 6cm 5cm C Diagram 1 E 7cm NOT TO SCALE D E F 7cm F A 4cm B 5cm C 6cm Diagram 2 The diagrams show a triangular prism ABCDEF and a rough sketch of one of its possible nets. [3] [2] 4 Answer the whole of this question on a sheet of graph paper.5. Label every corner of your net with the appropriate letter A. Some values of h and t are given in the following table. E or F. t h 0 1 0. [5] (c) Use your graph to answer these questions. C.5 a 3 16 3.5 seconds on the horizontal t-axis and 2 cm to represent 4 m on the vertical h-axis. calculate (i) (ii) the total surface area of the prism.5 9. correct to one decimal place. draw the graph of h = 20t – 5t 2 + 1 for 0 р t р 4. (b) Construct accurately the net of the prism shown in Diagram 2.75 2 21 2. b and c. [3] What quantity does the gradient measure and what are the units for this quantity? 0580/4 W00 [2] [Turn over . B.5 9. AC = 6 cm and CF = 7 cm. AB = 4 cm. the volume of the prism. D. How far does the stone travel altogether in the first 3 seconds? [1] [2] [2] Draw a suitable tangent on your graph and use it to calculate an estimate of the gradient (slope) when t = 1. the angle ABC shown in Diagram 1.75 4 b 4.

QBS and QRS. (a) Explain why the angles at P. [1] [4] (c) The smaller wheel makes 12 revolutions in a clockwise direction. B [1] [3] 0580/4 W00 . The perpendicular from B meets PA at X. which turn when the belt moves. (i) (ii) Work out the length of AX and the size of angle PAB. (b) Find the size of angles PUT.4 5 topicAngleproperties topicTrigonometry topicMensuration P NOT TO SCALE U 30cm Q 10cm A 130° B R S T A belt PQRSTU passes round two wheels. S and T are all 90°. The smaller wheel has radius 10 cm and centre B. Q. Find the distance between the centres A and B. Angle TAP = 130°. How many revolutions does the larger wheel make and in which direction? [2] (d) P NOT TO SCALE Q X A This diagram represents part of the diagram at the top of the page. The larger wheel has radius 30 cm and centre A.

and one of the remaining four is chosen at random to write a report. one from Brazil and three from Namibia attend an international conference. the teacher from Brazil was not chosen. Calculate the probability that this is the teacher from Brazil.25 Argentina Brazil Namibia (b) Calculate the probability that (i) (ii) (iii) both the chosen teachers were from Namibia.2 0.25 Argentina 0.5 6 topicProbability One teacher from Argentina. (a) Copy and complete the probability tree diagram below. showing the countries from which the teachers were chosen. Makes a speech Writes a report Brazil 0. [2] 0580/4 W00 [Turn over . One of these five teachers is chosen at random to make a speech. neither of the chosen teachers was from Namibia. [2] [3] [3] [4] (c) One of the remaining three teachers is chosen at random to chair the conference.25 Brazil Namibia Argentina Namibia Namibia 0.

Describe this transformation fully. with scale factor k. [2] [3] [2] [2] [2] [2] (e) A triangle similar to T has an area 64 times larger than that of T. [3] 0580/4 W00 . (b) Triangle V is a rotation of triangle U about the origin by θ ° anticlockwise. Find the equation of the hypotenuse of triangle U. (c) Triangle W is an enlargement of triangle V. Find the area of triangle U. Calculate the length of the hypotenuse of this triangle.6 7 topicStraightlinegraphs topicGeometricaltermsandrelationships topicTransformations y 8 7 6 W 5 T 4 3 2 1 U -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 x V (a) Triangle T is mapped onto triangle U by a single transformation. (i) (ii) (d) (i) (ii) Calculate the value of k. Find the value of a. 0). centre (a. Calculate θ correct to 1 decimal place.

[For π. the area of the trapezium ABDE.8cm C X 2. use either your calculator value or 3. the area of the major sector BCD.142. Angle BAE = angle DEA = 70° and X is the midpoint of BD. [4] [2] (b) Calculate (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) the area of triangle BCD. centre C.724 cm.] R topicMensuration topicTrigonometry NOT TO SCALE B 2. Calculate angle BCX. [3] [4] [3] [3] 0580/4 W00 [Turn over .7 8 On television a weather forecaster uses a cloud symbol shown in the diagram.5cm 3cm 70° E Q Use the trapezium ABDE to show that BX = 2.8 cm.5 cm. AE = 7.8cm D P 3cm 70° A (a) (i) (ii) 7. the total area of the cloud symbol. Its perimeter consists of a straight line AE. two semicircular arcs APB and DQE and the major arc BRD of a circle. AB = DE = 3 cm and BC = CD = 2.

using 1. 3 and n exactly once. if n > 2? [2] (c) Cesar’s expression (2n)3+1 can be written as anb and Dan’s expression (3 + 1)2n can be written as cn. Cesar’s expression was (2n)3+1. Find the values of a.8 9 A teacher asks four students to write down an expression using each of the integers 1. [3] (d) Find any expression. Ahmed’s expression was (3n + 1)2. b and c. Dan’s expression was (3 + 1)2n. 2. n=2 Ahmed Bumni Cesar Dan n=1 16 27 16 16 [8] n=0 n = –1 n = –2 topicAlgebraicmanipulation topicNumbersetnotationandlanguage topicIndices (b) Whose expression will always give the greatest value (i) (ii) if n < –2. The value of each expression has been worked out for n = 1 and put in the table below. which will always be greater than 1 for any value of n. (a) Copy and complete this table. 0. giving the values for each student’s expression for n = 2. –1 and –2. Bumni’s expression was (2n + 1)3. 3 and n exactly once. 2. [1] 0580/4 W00 .

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