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Distribution

ED01

English

Mr. Kevin HAN


hans21@sams ng com
hans21@samsung.com

Contents
EPC Overview (SGW/PGW aspect)
SAE-GW Call Processing
Bearer Traffic Processing

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Definitions
Components

Definition / Details

APN (Access Point Name)

Access point name (APN) identifies an IP packet data network (PDN), that a
mobile data user wants to communicate with.
In addition to identifying a PDN, an APN may also be used to define the type of
service, (eg connection to wireless application protocol (WAP) server,
multimedia messaging service (MMS)), that is provided by the PDN.
the P-GW
P GW deduces from local configuration data associated with the APN:
The source of IPv6 Prefixes (P-GW internal prefix pool, or external address
allocation server);
Any server(s) to be used for address allocation, authentication and/or protocol
configuration options retrieval (e
(e.g.
g IMS related configuration,
configuration see 3GPP TS
24.229 [47]);
The protocol, i.e. RADIUS, Diameter or DHCPv6, to be used with the
server(s);

IP CAN Session
IP-CAN

The association bet


between
een a UE and a PDN(APN)

IP-CAN Bearer

IP transmission path of defined capacity, delay and loss rate.

Service-Data-Flow (SDF)

An aggregate set of packet flows that matches a service data flow template.

D f lt B
Default
Bearer

Th
The EPS B
Bearer which
hi h iis fifirstt established
t bli h d ffor a new PDN connection
ti and
d
remains established throughout the lifetime of the PDN connection
Always a non-GBR bearer

Dedicated Bearer

Additional EPS Bearer that mayy be activated for a PDN connection


This type of bearer may be activated on demand
Either GBR bearer or non-GBR bearer
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EPS Bearer & SDF QoS Concept


EPS Bearer & SDF QoS Concept

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SGW/PGW Role
Entity

Role Specifications

SGW (Serving-GW)

terminates the interface towards EUTRAN


Function includes
The local Mobility Anchor point for inter-eNB handover
Mobility anchoring for inter-3GPP mobility (terminating S4 and relaying the
traffic between 2G/3G system and PDN Gateway). This is sometimes
referred
f
d to
t as the
th 3GPP Anchor
A h ffunction
ti
EUTRAN idle mode downlink packet buffering and initiation of network
triggered service request procedure
p
Lawful Interception
Packet routing and forwarding

PGW (PDN-GW)

terminates the SGi interface towards the PDN.


Functions include:
Mobility anchor for mobility between 3GPP access systems and non-3GPP
access systems. This is sometimes referred to as the SAE Anchor function
Policy enforcement
Per-user
Per user based packet filtering (by e
e.g.
g deep packet inspection)
Charging support
Lawful Interception
UE IP address allocation
Packet screening
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IP Session Establishment (1/2)

6/40

Trace Update Location Request


LGU_MME_120110615WED17:21:35
T5002DIAMETERPROTOCOLTRACE
TRC ID
TRC_ID=102
= 102
CMD_NAME=UPDATELOCATIONREQUEST(ULR)
CMD_CODE=316
IMSI=450050312791001
MSISDN=
IMEI=4502392854569874
SESSION_ID=mme1.samsung.com;0;41418758
ORIGIN_HOST=mme1.samsung.com
DEST HOST
DEST_HOST=hss126.sec.co.kr
= hss126 sec co kr
DIR=MME>HSS
PEER_ADDRESS=10.254.219.126:3868
LOC=LESA0/CPU1
TIME=2011061517:21:35:023

7/40

Trace Update Location Request


VERSION:1
MSG_LENGTH:340
APPLICATION_ID:S6AAPPLICATIONID(16777251)
HOP_BY_HOP_ID:H'00000000
END TO END ID
END_TO_END_ID:H
: H'00000000
00000000
ORIGIN_REALM:samsung.com
ORIGIN_HOST:mme1.samsung.com
DEST_REALM:sec.co.kr
DEST_HOST:hss126.sec.co.kr
AUTH_SESSION_STATE:NOSTATEMAINTAINED(1)
USER_NAME:450050312791001
SUPPORTED_FEATURES:
:VENDOR_ID:(1)3GPP(10415)
:FEATURE_LIST_ID:(1)1
( )
:FEATURE_LIST:(1)H'00000607
TERMINAL_INFO:
:IMEI:450239285456980
: SOFTWARE VERSION
:SOFTWARE_VERSION:74
: 74
RAT_TYPE:EUTRAN(1004)
ULR_FLAGS:SingleRegistrationIndicationOFF
:S6a/S6dIndicatorON
p
:SkipSubscriberDataOFF
:GPRSSubscriptionDataInd
OFF
:NodeTypeIndicatorOFF
:InitialAttachIndicatorON
:PSLCSNotSupportedByUEON
VISITED_PLMN_ID:
:MCC:450
:MNC:05

8/40

Trace Update Location Answer


LGU_MME_120110615WED17:21:35
T5002DIAMETERPROTOCOLTRACE
TRC_ID=102
CMD_NAME=UPDATELOCATIONANSWER(ULA)
CMD_CODE=316
IMSI=450050312791001
MSISDN=
IMEI
IMEI
=4502392854569874
4502392854569874
SESSION_ID=mme1.samsung.com;0;41418758
ORIGIN_HOST=hss.scommtech.com
DEST HOST
DEST_HOST=
DIR=HSS>MME
PEER_ADDRESS=10.254.219.126:3868
LOC=LESA0/CPU1
TIME=2011061517:21:35:027

9/40

Trace Update Location Answer


VERSION:1
MSG_LENGTH:988
APPLICATION_ID:S6AAPPLICATIONID(16777251)
HOP_BY_HOP_ID:H'00000000
END_TO_END_ID:H'00000000
ORIGIN_REALM:scommtech.com
ORIGIN_HOST:hss.scommtech.com
AUTH_SESSION_STATE:NOSTATEMAINTAINED(1)
RESULT CODE
RESULT_CODE:SUCCESS(2001)
: SUCCESS (2001)
SUPPORTED_FEATURES:
:VENDOR_ID:(1)3GPP(10415)
:FEATURE_LIST_ID:(1)1
( )
:FEATURE_LIST:(1)H'07FFFFFF
ULA_FLAGS:SeparationIndicationON
SUBSCRIPTION_DATA:
:SUBSCRIBER_STATUS:SERVICE_GRANTED
:MSISDN:82050312791001
:ICS_INDICATOR:FALSE(0)
:NETWORK_ACCESS_MODE:PACKET_AND_CIRCUIT
:REGIONAL_SUB_ZONE:(1)
:REGIONAL_SUB_ZONE:(2)
: REGIONAL SUB ZONE
:REGIONAL_SUB_ZONE:(3)
: (3)
:REGIONAL_SUB_ZONE:(4)
:ACCESS_RESTRICTION:UTRANNotAllowedOFF
:GERANNotAllowedOFF
: GAN Not Allowed
:GANNotAllowedOFF
OFF
:IHSPAEvolutionNotAllowedOFF
:EUTRANNotAllowedOFF
:HOToNon3GPPAccessNotAllowedON

10/40

Trace Update Location Answer


:3GPP_CHARGING_CHAR:H'0800
:AMBR:
:MAX_REQ_BANDWIDTH_UL:200000000(bps)
:MAX_REQ_BANDWIDTH_DL:200000000(bps)
:APN_CONFIG_PROFILE:
CONTEXT_ID:3448
:ALL_APN_CONF_INCLUDE:ALL_APN_CONFIGURATIONS_INCLUDED
ALL_APN_CONF_INCL_ID:0
APN CONFIGURATION
APN_CONFIGURATION:[0]
: [0]
:CONTEXT_ID:500
:PDN_TYPE:IPv4
:SVC_SELECTION:yota
QOS_PROFILE:
:EPS_SUB_Q
:QoS_CLASS_ID
:8
:ALLOC_RETENT_PRIO:
PRIORITY_LEVEL:1
PRE_EMPTION_CAPA:PREEMPTION_CAPABILITY_ENABLED(0)
PRE_EMPTION_VULNER:PREEMPTION_VUNERABILITY_ENABLED(0)
( )
:VPLMN_DYNAMIC_ADDR:NOT_ALLOWED
:PDN_GW_ALLOCATI:DYNAMIC
:3GPP_CHARGING_CHAR:H'4000
: AMBR
:AMBR:
:
:MAX_REQ_BANDWIDTH_UL:3000000(bps)
:MAX_REQ_BANDWIDTH_DL:3000000(bps)
APN_CONFIGURATION:[1]
:CONTEXT_ID:3448
:PDN_TYPE:IPv4
:SVC_SELECTION:internet
11/40

Trace Update Location Answer


:EPS_SUB_QOS_PROFILE:
:QoS_CLASS_ID
:6
:ALLOC_RETENT_PRIO:
PRIORITY_LEVEL:2
PRE_EMPTION_CAPA:PREEMPTION_CAPABILITY_ENABLED(0)
PRE_EMPTION_VULNER:PREEMPTION_VUNERABILITY_ENABLED(0)
:VPLMN_DYNAMIC_ADDR:NOT_ALLOWED
:PDN_GW_ALLOCATI:DYNAMIC
: AMBR
:AMBR:
:
:MAX_REQ_BANDWIDTH_UL:200000000(bps)
:MAX_REQ_BANDWIDTH_DL:200000000(bps)
:RAT_FREQ_SELECT_PRIOID:3
: CSG SUBS DATA
:CSG_SUBS_DATA:[0]
: [0]
:CSG_ID:3344
:EXP_DATE:H'D2FEA1C8(2012030509:22:00)

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Trace Create Session Request


LGU_MME_120110615WED17:21:35
T5000GTPCPROTOCOLTRACE
TRC_ID=102
MSGTYPE=CREATE_SESSION_REQUEST(H'20)
Q
(
)
IMSI=450050312791001
MSISDN=82050312791001
IMEI=4502392854569874
TEID=H'00000000
SEQ_NUM=48
VERSION=2
DIR=MME>SGW
PEER_SYSTEM=20.1.1.192:2123
LOC=LESA0/CPU1
TIME=2011061517:21:35:030

13/40

Trace Create Session Request


MSG_LENGTH=H'00DB(219)
IMSI(H'01:0)=450050312791001
APN(H'47:0)=internet.mnc005.mcc450.gprs
AMBR(H'48:0)=UPLINK:200000kbps,DOWNLINK:200000kbps
(
)
p ,
p
MEI(H'4B:0)=4502392854569874
MSISDN(H'4C:0)=82050312791001
INDICATION(H'4D:0)=H'0000(0000000000000000)
PAA(H'4F:0)=PDNType:IPv4
(
)
yp
PDNAddr :H'00000000(0.0.0.0)
RAT(H'52:0)=RATType:H'06(EUTRAN)
SERVING_NW(H'53:0)=MCC:450,MNC:05
ULI(H'56:0)=H'18(ECGI(1),TAI(1),RAI(0),SAI(0),CGI(0))
(
)
(
( ),
( ),
( ),
( ),
( ))
TAI:MCC=450,MNC=05
TAC=H'3448(13384)
ECGI:MCC=450,MNC=05
ECI=H'0344856(3426390)
(
)
F_TEID(H'57:0)=V4(1)V6(0)
Interf_Type :10(S11MMEGTPC)
TEID/GRE:H'02F80006
IPv4Addr
:H'1401014E(20.1.1.78)
(
)
F_TEID(H'57:1)=V4(1)V6(0)
Interf_Type :7(S5/S8PGWGTPC)
TEID/GRE:H'00000000
IPv4Addr
:H'140101C0(20.1.1.192)
(
)

14/40

Trace Create Session Request


BEARER_CXT(H'5D:0)=EBI:H'05(5)
BearerQoS :PL(2)PCI(0)PVI(0)
PRIORITY_LEVEL=2
PREEMPTION_CAPA=ENABLED(0)
( )
PREEMPTION_VULNERA=ENABLED(0)
QCI=H'06
ResourceType=NonGBR
Priority=6
y
Pkt DelayBudget=300ms
Pkt ErrLossRate=10exp6
MBR/GBRforUL=0/0kbps
MBR/GBRforDL=0/0kbps
/
/
p
CHARG_CHAR(H'5F:0)=H'0800
PDN_TYPE(H'63:0)=IPv4
UE_TIMEZONE(H'72:0)=TimeZone:H'82(GMT+7Hours0Mins)
DaylightSavingTime:
y g
g
H'00(NoadjustmentforDaylightSavingTime)
APN_RESTRIC(H'7F:0)=MAXAPNRestrictionValue(ARV):H'00(0)
TypeofAPN:NotExistent
ApplicationExample:NotExistent
pp
p
ARVallowedtobeestablished:ALL
SELECT_MODE(H'80:0)=H'00(MSornetworkprovidedAPN,subscribedverified)

15/40

Trace Create Session Response


T5000GTPCPROTOCOLTRACE
TRC_ID=102
MSGTYPE=CREATE_SESSION_RESPONSE(H'21)
IMSI=450050312791001
MSISDN=82050312791001
IMEI=4502392854569874
TEID=H'02F80006
SEQ
Q_NUM=48
VERSION=2
DIR=SGW>MME
PEER_SYSTEM=20.1.1.192:2123
LOC=LESA0/CPU1
/
TIME=2011061517:21:35:034

16/40

Trace Create Session Response


MSG_LENGTH=H'00A0(160)
CAUSE(H'02:0)=H'10(Requestaccepted)
CS:0
RECOVERY(H'03:0)=H'90(144)
AMBR
AMBR(H
(H'48:0)
48:0)=UPLINK:200000kbps,DOWNLINK:200000kbps
UPLINK
: 200000 kbps DOWNLINK : 200000 kbps
Linked_EBI (H'49:0)=H'05(5)
PAA(H'4F:0)=PDNType:IPv4
PDNAddr :H'C900012A(201.0.1.42)
F_TEID(H'57:0)=V4(1)V6(0)
Interf_Type :11(S11/S4SGWGTPC)
TEID/GRE:H'1660D02D
IPv4Addr
:H'140101C0(20.1.1.192)
F_TEID(H'57:1)=V4(1)V6(0)
Interf_Type
yp :7(S5/S8PGWGTPC)
( /
)
TEID/GRE:H'165EC0AD
IPv4Addr
:H'140101C0(20.1.1.192)
BEARER_CXT(H'5D:0)=EBI:H'05(5)
Cause:H'10(Requestaccepted)
Bearer QoS :PL(1)PCI(0)PVI(0)
BearerQoS
: PL(1) PCI(0) PVI(0)
PRIORITY_LEVEL=1
PREEMPTION_CAPA=ENABLED(0)
PREEMPTION_VULNERA=ENABLED(0)
QCI=H'09
ResourceType=NonGBR
Priority=9
Pkt DelayBudget=300ms
Pkt ErrLossRate=10exp6
MBR/GBRforUL=0/0kbps
p
MBR/GBRforDL=0/0kbps

17/40

Trace Create Session Response


TFT:H'2120C809100000000000000000
OperationCode:1(CreatenewTFT)
NumberofPFs:1
PacketFilter:
1stID:0
1st ID
: 0
Direction:2(uplinkonly)
Precedence:200
Len.ofPFs:9
Contents:
#Type_Id
:H'10(IPv4RemoteAddressType)
#Value:0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0
Parameterlist:0(Notincluded)
F_TEID(I:0):V4(1)V6(0)
Interf_Type
yp :1(S1USGWGTPU)
(
)
TEID/GRE:H'7CD561AF
IPv4Addr
:H'140101C0(20.1.1.192)
F_TEID(I:2):V4(1)V6(0)
Interf_Type :5(S5/S8PGWGTPU)
TEID/GRE
TEID/GRE:H
: H'7CD561AF
7CD561AF
IPv4Addr
:H'140101C0(20.1.1.192)
APN_RESTRIC(H'7F:0)=MAXAPNRestrictionValue(ARV):H'00(0)
TypeofAPN:NotExistent
ApplicationExample:NotExistent
ARVallowedtobeestablished:ALL

18/40

Trace Crete a session on S-GW


TRC_ID=5
EVENT=CREATE_SESSION_SGW
IMSI=450050312791001(EBI:5)
IMEI=4502392854569874
MMES11TEID=H'02F80006
SGWS11ADDR=20.1.1.192
SGWS11TEID=H'1660D02D
PGWS5/8ADDR=20.1.1.192
/
PGWS5/8TEID=H'165EC0AD
PGWS5/8INTF=GTPC
SGWS1UADDR=20.1.1.192
SGWS1UTEID=H'7CD561AF
PDNADDRESS=IPv4(201.0.1.42)
QOS=QCI:9ARP:1
PRE_EMP_CAPA:ENABLE
PRE_EMP_VUL:ENABLE
APN_AMBR=MaxDn(bps):200000000MaxUp(bps):200000000
RESULT=SUCCESS
LOC=LESA0/CPU1
SESSID=SM:6
TIME=2011061517:21:35:034

19/40

IP Session Establishment (2/2)

20/40

Trace Attach Accept


TRC_ID=5
EVENT=ATTACH_ACCEPT
IMSI=450050312791001
IMEI=4502392854569874
GUTI=MCC(450)MNC(05)MMEG(H'0003)MMEC(H'01)MTMSI(H'C0100003)
PEER_SGW_ADDR=20.1.1.192
RESULT=SUCCESS
LOC=LESA0/CPU1
/
SESSID=MM:6
TIME=2011061517:21:35:035
T6000S1APPROTOCOLTRACE
T6000
S1AP PROTOCOL TRACE
TRC_ID=102
MSGTYPE=INITIALCONTEXTSETUPREQUEST
IMSI=450050312791001
MSISDN
MSISDN=82050312791001
= 82050312791001
IMEI=4502392854569874
MME_UE_S1AP_ID=H'1000006
ENB_UE_S1AP_ID=H'0
ENBID
ENBID=4500513384(M)
= 450 05 13384(M)
DIR=MME>eNB
PEER_ADDRESS=10.254.192.212:3448
LOC=LESA0/CPU1
TIME
TIME=2011061517:21:35:035
= 2011 06 15 17:21:35:035

21/40

Trace INITIALCONTEXTSETUPREQUEST
MessageType:InitialContextSetupRequest
MMEUES1APID:H'1000006
eNB UES1APID:H'0
UE Aggregate Max BR
UEAggregateMaxBR:MaxDL(200000000bps)MaxUL(200000000bps)
: MaxDL(200000000 bps) MaxUL(200000000 bps)
ERABToBeSetupList:NumberOfList(1)
ERABID(5)
QCI(9)AllocRetPRI(1)
PreECapa(MaytriggerPreEmption)PreEVuln(PreEmptable)
TEID(H'7CD561AF) T
TEID(H'7CD561AF)TransAddr(20.1.1.192)
Add (20 1 1 192)
[NASPDU]
NASMsg Type:SecurityProtectedNASmessage
SecurityHeaderType:IntegrityProtectedAndCiphered
MessageAuthCode:126765C1
SequenceNumber:H'01
NASMsg Type:AttachAccept
SecurityHeaderType:NoSecurityProtection
EPSAttachResult:EPSOnly
T3412
: Unit(Incre 1Min)Value(2),2MIN
1 Min) Value(2), 2 MIN
T3412:Unit(Incre
TAIList:NumberOfList(1)
MCC(450)MNC(05)TAC(H'3448)
ESMContainer:5201C101091C08696E74
65726E6574066D6E6330
30 35 06 6D 63 63 34 35 30 04
3035066D636334353004
677072730501C900012A
5D01005E04FEFE DEDE
[ESMContainerContents]
NASMsg Type:ActivateDefaultEPSBearerContextRequest
EPSBearerIdentity:5
ProcTransactionId:H'01
22/40

Trace Initial Context Setup Request


EPSQoS

:09
QCI(9)
APN:08696E7465726E657406
6D6E63303035066D6363
34 35 30 04 67 70 72 73
3435300467707273
internet.mnc005.mcc450.gprs
PDNAddress:IPv4
C900012A
IPV4_ADDR(201.0.1.42)
TransactionId:TI(H'00)
APNAMBR:FEFE DEDE
DL(200000000bps)UL(200000000bps)

EPSMobileIdentity:GUTI(45005H'0003H'01H'C0100003)
y
(
)
T3402:Unit(Incre 1Min)Value(12),12MIN
T3423:Unit(Incre 1Min)Value(4),4MIN
PLMNList:NumberOfList(1)
MCC(450)MNC(05)
UE Security Capability : EncryptionAlgo(80 00)
UESecurityCapability:EncryptionAlgo(8000)
128EEA1(Support)128EEA2(NotSupport)
IntegrityProtAlgo(8000)
128EIA1(Support)128EIA2(NotSupport)
SecurityKey:0FE80715807A7A F1C5A4
751283F2AF49931E803F
DE95BD686E209B7046E8
CF53
HORestrictionList:ServingPLMN(450/05)
SubscriberProfileID:3

23/40

Trace Initial Context Setup Response


T6000S1APPROTOCOLTRACE
TRC_ID=102
MSGTYPE=INITIALCONTEXTSETUPRESPONSE
IMSI=450050312791001
MSISDN=82050312791001
IMEI=4502392854569874
MME_UE_S1AP_ID=H'1000006
ENB_UE_S1AP_ID=H'0
ENBID=4500513384(M)
DIR=eNB >MME
PEER_ADDRESS=10.254.192.212:3448
LOC=LESA0/CPU1
/
TIME=2011061517:21:36:063

Message Type
MessageType:InitialContextSetupResponse
: Initial Context Setup Response
MMEUES1APID:H'1000006
eNB UES1APID:H'0
ERABSetupList:NumberOfList(1)
ERABID(5)TransAddr(20.1.1.14)TEID(H'00022222)
( )
(
)
(
)

24/40

Trace Initial Context Setup Response


TRC_ID=5
EVENT=ESTABLISH_ERAB
IMSI=450050312791001(EBI:5)
IMEI=4502392854569874
ENBID=4500513384(M)
ENBADDR=10.254.192.212
ENBS1UADDR=20.1.1.14
ENBS1UTEID=H'00022222
QOS=QCI:9ARP:1
PRE_EMP_CAPA:ENABLE
PRE_EMP_VUL:ENABLE
RESULT=SUCCESS
LOC=LESA0/CPU1
SESSID=SM:6
TIME=2011061517:21:36:063

25/40

Trace UE CAPABILITY INFO IND


TRC_ID=102
MSGTYPE=UECAPABILITYINFOIND
IMSI=450050312791001
MSISDN=82050312791001
IMEI=4502392854569874
MME_UE_S1AP_ID=H'1000006
ENB_UE_S1AP_ID=H'0
ENBID=4500513384(M)
( )
DIR=eNB >MME
PEER_ADDRESS=10.254.192.212:3448
LOC=LESA0/CPU1
TIME=2011061517:21:36:077

MessageType:UECapabilityInformationIndication
MME UE S1AP ID
MMEUES1APID:H
: H'1000006
1000006
eNB UES1APID:H'0
UERadioCapability:3E01017813A05C302146
990E1F8087E021B8087E
02 03 FF FF FC0000
0203FFFF
FC 00 00

26/40

Trace Uplink NAS Transport


TRC_ID=102
MSGTYPE=UPLINKNASTRANSPORT
IMSI=450050312791001
MSISDN=82050312791001
IMEI
IMEI=4502392854569874
4502392854569874
MME_UE_S1AP_ID=H'1000006
ENB_UE_S1AP_ID=H'0
ENBID=4500513384(M)
DIR=eNB >MME
PEER_ADDRESS=10.254.192.212:3448
LOC=LESA0/CPU1
TIME=2011061517:21:36:097
MessageType:UplinkNASTransport
g
yp
p
p
MMEUES1APID:H'1000006
eNB UES1APID:H'0
NASPDU
NASMsg Type:SecurityProtectedNASmessage
Security Header Type : Integrity Protected
SecurityHeaderType:IntegrityProtected
MessageAuthCode:CF285C15
SequenceNumber:H'01
NASMsg Type:AttachComplete
SecurityHeaderType:NoSecurityProtection
ESMContainer:5200C2
ESM C t i
52 00 C2
[ESMContainerContents]
NASMsg Type:ActivateDefaultEPSBearerContextAccept
EPSBearerIdentity:5
ProcTransactionId:H'00
EUTRANCGI:MCC(450)MNC(05)CELL(0)
TAI:MCC(450)MNC(05)TAC(H'3448)

27/40

Trace Attach Complete


TRC_ID=5
EVENT=ATTACH_COMPLETE
IMSI=450050312791001
IMEI=4502392854569874
GUTI
GUTI=MCC(450)MNC(05)MMEG(H
MCC(450) MNC(05) MMEG(H'0003)
0003)MMEC(H
MMEC(H'01)
01)MTMSI(H
M TMSI(H'C0100003)
C0100003)
PEER_SGW_ADDR=20.1.1.192
RESULT=SUCCESS
LOC=LESA0/CPU1
SESSID=MM:6
TIME=2011061517:21:36:097
TRC_ID=5
EVENT=ACTIVATE_UE
IMSI
IMSI=450050312791001(EBI:5)
= 450050312791001 (EBI : 5)
IMEI=4502392854569874
RESULT=SUCCESS
LOC=LESA0/CPU1
SESSID=SM:6
TIME=2011061517:21:36:098

28/40

Trace Modify Bearer Request


TRC_ID=102
MSGTYPE=MODIFY_BEARER_REQUEST(H'22)
IMSI=450050312791001
MSISDN=82050312791001
IMEI
IMEI=4502392854569874
4502392854569874
TEID=H'1660D02D
SEQ_NUM=49
VERSION=2
DIR=MME>SGW
PEER_SYSTEM=20.1.1.192:2123
LOC=LESA0/CPU1
TIME=2011061517:21:36:098
MSG_LENGTH=H
MSG
LENGTH
= H'003B(59)
003B(59)
INDICATION(H'4D:0)=H'0000(0000000000000000)
ULI(H'56:0)=H'18(ECGI(1),TAI(1),RAI(0),SAI(0),CGI(0))
TAI:MCC=450,MNC=05
TAC=H'3448(13384)
ECGI:MCC=450,MNC=05
ECGI
MCC
450
MNC
05
ECI=H'0000000(0)
BEARER_CXT(H'5D:0)=EBI:H'05(5)
F_TEID(I:0):V4(1)V6(0)
Interf_Type :0(S1UeNB GTPU)
TEID/GRE:H'00022222
IPv4Addr
:H'1401010E(20.1.1.14)
UE_TIMEZONE(H'72:0)=TimeZone:H'82(GMT+7Hours0Mins)
DaylightSavingTime:
H'00(No
H
00(NoadjustmentforDaylightSavingTime)
adjustment for Daylight Saving Time)

29/40

Trace Modify Bearer Response


T5000GTPCPROTOCOLTRACE
TRC_ID=102
MSGTYPE=MODIFY_BEARER_RESPONSE(H'23)
IMSI=450050312791001
MSISDN=82050312791001
IMEI=4502392854569874
TEID=H'02F80006
SEQ
Q_NUM=49
VERSION=2
DIR=SGW>MME
PEER_SYSTEM=20.1.1.192:2123
LOC=LESA0/CPU1
/
TIME=2011061517:21:36:099
MSG_LENGTH=H'002A(42)
CAUSE(H'02:0)=H'10(Requestaccepted)
(
)
( q
p
)
CS:0
BEARER_CXT(H'5D:0)=EBI:H'05(5)
Cause:H'10(Requestaccepted)
F_TEID(I:0):V4(1)V6(0)
(
)
( )
( )
Interf_Type :1(S1USGWGTPU)
TEID/GRE:H'7CD561AF
IPv4Addr
:H'140101C0(20.1.1.192)

30/40

Trace Attach Result


TRC_ID=5
EVENT=MODIFY_BEARER_SGW
IMSI=450050312791001(EBI:5)
IMEI=4502392854569874
RESULT=SUCCESS
LOC=LESA0/CPU1
SESSID=SM:6
TIME=2011061517:21:36:100
TRC_ID=5
EVENT=ATTACH_RESULT
IMSI
IMSI=450050312791001
= 450050312791001
IMEI=4502392854569874
GUTI=MCC(450)MNC(05)MMEG(H'0003)MMEC(H'01)MTMSI(H'C0100003)
PEER_SGW_ADDR=20.1.1.192
RESULT
RESULT=SUCCESS
= SUCCESS
LOC=LESA0/CPU1
SESSID=MM:6
TIME=2011061517:21:36:100

31/40

Trace Attach Result


TRC_ID=5
EVENT=MODIFY_BEARER_SGW
IMSI=450050312791001(EBI:5)
IMEI=4502392854569874
RESULT=SUCCESS
LOC=LESA0/CPU1
SESSID=SM:6
TIME=2011061517:21:36:100
TRC_ID=5
EVENT=ACTIVATION
IMSI=450050312791001(EBI:5)
IMEI=4502392854569874
RESULT=SUCCESS
LOC=LESA0/CPU1
SESSID=SM:6
TIME=2011061517:21:36:100

32/40

UE Initiated Detach Request Procedure

NASMsgType:DetachRequest
SecurityHeaderType:NoSecurityProtection
DetachType:SWOFF(NormalDetach)DETYPE(EPSDetach)
KSIasme:1
EPS Mobile Identity : GUTI(450 06 H'0003
0003H
H'01
01H
H'E812B128)
E812B128)
EPSMobileIdentity:GUTI(45006H

MSGTYPE=DELETE_SESSION_REQUEST(H'24)
Linked_EBI(H'49:0)=H'05(5)
INDICATION(H'4D:0)=H'0800(0000100000000000)
OperationIndication
ULI(H'56:0)=H'18(ECGI(1),TAI(1),RAI(0),SAI(0),CGI(0))
TAI:MCC=450,MNC=06,TAC=H'0003(3)
ECGI:MCC=450,MNC=06,ECI=H'0000200(512)

NASMsgType:DetachAccept
SecurityHeaderType:NoSecurityProtection

MessageType:UEContextReleaseCommand
UES1APIDPair:MMEUES1APID(H'100007E)eNBUES1APID(H'73)
Cause:NASCauseNas_Detach

MessageType:UEContextReleaseComplete
MMEUES1APID:H'100007E
eNBUES1APID:H'73

33/40

Trace Uplink NAS Transport


TRC_ID=102
MSGTYPE=UPLINKNASTRANSPORT
IMSI=450050209966904
MSISDN=19821020996904
IMEI=
IMEI
MME_UE_S1AP_ID=H'100768CD
ENB_UE_S1AP_ID=H'920
ENBID=4500552(M)
DIR=2ndeNB >BD_MME#01
PEER_ADDRESS=10.0.0.9:36412
LOC=LESA3/CPU0
TIME=2011061713:41:04:749
MessageType:UplinkNASTransport
Message
Type
: Uplink NAS Transport
MMEUES1APID:H'100768CD
eNB UES1APID:H'920
NASPDU
NASMsg Type:SecurityProtectedNASmessage
SecurityHeaderType:IntegrityProtectedAndCiphered
MessageAuthCode:93090696
SequenceNumber:H'03
NASMsg Type:DetachRequest
SecurityHeaderType:NoSecurityProtection
y
yp
y
DetachType:SWOFF(NormalDetach)DETYPE(EPSDetach)
KSIasme
:0
EPSMobileIdentity:GUTI(45005H'0001H'01H'F063D21C)
EUTRANCGI:MCC(450)MNC(05)CELL(523)
TAI
TAI:MCC(450)MNC(05)TAC(H
: MCC(450) MNC(05) TAC(H'0011)
0011)

34/40

Trace Detach Request


TRC_ID=13
EVENT=UPLINK_NAS
IMSI=450050209966904
IMEI=
ACCESS_TYPE=DETACH_REQ
GUTI=MCC(450)MNC(05)MMEG(H'0001)MMEC(H'01)MTMSI(H'F063D21C)
STMSI=
ENBID=4500552(M)
( )
RANCGRPID=2
ENB_ADDR=10.0.0.9:36412
TAI=MCC(450)MNC(05)TAC(H'0011)
KSI=0
RESULT=START
LOC=LESA3/CPU0
SESSID=MM:230825
TIME=2011061713:41:04:749

35/40

Trace Authentication
TRC_ID=13
EVENT=AUTHENTICATION
IMSI=450050209966904
IMEI=
RESULT=START
LOC=LESA3/CPU0
SESSID=MM:230825
TIME=2011061713:41:04:749
TRC_ID=13
EVENT=AUTH_RESULT
IMSI
IMSI=450050209966904
= 450050209966904
IMEI=
KSI=0
USE_INT=YES
INT ALG
INT_ALG=SNOW3G
= SNOW3G
USE_CIP=YES
CIP_ALG=SNOW3G
RESULT=SUCCESS
LOC
LOC=LESA3/CPU0
= LESA3/CPU0
SESSID=MM:230825
TIME=2011061713:41:04:749

36/40

Trace Uplink NAS Transport


TRC_ID=102
MSGTYPE=DOWNLINKNASTRANSPORT
IMSI=450050209966904
MSISDN=19821020996904
IMEI=
MME_UE_S1AP_ID=H'100768CD
ENB_UE_S1AP_ID=H'920
ENBID=4500552(M)
( )
DIR=BD_MME#01>2ndeNB
PEER_ADDRESS=10.0.0.9:36412
LOC=LESA3/CPU0
TIME=2011061713:41:04:750

MessageType:UEContextReleaseRequest
MME UE S1AP ID
MMEUES1APID:H
: H'1000006
1000006
eNB UES1APID:H'0
Cause:RadioNetworkLayerCause
Radio_RadioConnectionWithUeLost

37/40

Trace Delete Session Request


BD_MME#0120110617FRI13:41:04
T5000GTPCPROTOCOLTRACE
TRC_ID=102
MSGTYPE=DELETE_SESSION_REQUEST(H'24)
Q
(
)
IMSI=450050209966904
MSISDN=19821020996904
IMEI=
TEID=H'2C8E602C
SEQ_NUM=9401
VERSION=2
DIR=BD_MME#01>BD_SGW#01
PEER_SYSTEM=20.1.1.101:2123
LOC=LESA3/CPU0
MSG_LENGTH=H'0013(19)
Linked EBI (H
Linked_EBI
(H'49:0)
49:0)=H
= H'05(5)
05(5)
INDICATION(H'4D:0)=H'0800(0000100000000000)
OperationIndication

38/40

Trace Delete Session Response


TRC_ID=102
MSGTYPE=DELETE_SESSION_RESPONSE(H'25)
IMSI=450050209966904
MSISDN=19821020996904
IMEI=
TEID=H'40F385A9
SEQ_NUM=9401
VERSION=2
DIR=BD_SGW#01>BD_MME#01
PEER_SYSTEM=20.1.1.101:2123
LOC=LESA3/CPU0
TIME=2011061713:41:04:755
MSG_LENGTH=H'000E(14)
CAUSE(H'02:0)=H'10(Requestaccepted)
CS
CS:0
: 0
TRC_ID=13
EVENT=DELETE_SESSION_SGW
IMSI
IMSI
=450050209966904(EBI:5)
450050209966904 (EBI : 5)
IMEI=
RESULT=SUCCESS
LOC=LESA3/CPU0
SESSID
SESSID
=SM:230825
SM:230825
TIME=2011061713:41:04:756
39/40

Trace UE Context Release CMD


TRC_ID=13
EVENT=DEACTIVATION
IMSI=450050209966904(EBI:5)
IMEI=
RESULT=SUCCESS
LOC=LESA3/CPU0
SESSID=SM:230825
TIME=2011061713:41:04:756
TRC_ID=102
MSGTYPE=UECONTEXTRELEASECOMMAND
IMSI=450050209966904
MSISDN=19821020996904
IMEI=
MME_UE_S1AP_ID=H'100768CD
ENB_UE_S1AP_ID=H'920
_ _
_
ENBID=4500552(M)
DIR=BD_MME#01>2ndeNB
PEER_ADDRESS=10.0.0.9:36412
LOC=LESA3/CPU0
TIME=2011061713:41:04:756

MessageType:UEContextReleaseCommand
UES1APIDPair:MMEUES1APID(H'100768CD)eNBUES1APID(H'920)
Cause:NASCause
Nas_Detach
40/40

Trace UE Context Release Complete


TRC_ID=102
MSGTYPE=UECONTEXTRELEASECOMPLETE
IMSI=450050209966904
MSISDN=19821020996904
IMEI=
MME_UE_S1AP_ID=H'100768CD
ENB_UE_S1AP_ID=H'920
ENBID=4500552(M)
( )
DIR=2ndeNB >BD_MME#01
PEER_ADDRESS=10.0.0.9:36412
LOC=LESA3/CPU0
TIME=2011061713:41:04:759
TRC_ID=13
EVENT=S1_RELEASE_COMPLETE
IMSI=450050209966904
S
50050 0 66 0
IMEI=
RESULT=SUCCESS
LOC=LESA3/CPU0
SESSID=MM:230825
TIME=2011061713:41:04:759

41/40

EPC Bearer and QoS Parameters


EPC Bearer and QoS Parameters

42/40

Session Management
Service Data flow to Bearer Binding
A (dedicated) EPS bearer is associated with a traffic flow template (TFT), a
set of all packet filters associated with the EPS bearer
UE uses UL TFT and P-GW uses DL TFT for for mapping
pp g traffic to an EPS
bearer
A EPS bearer in UE : Radio bearer : S1-bearer: S5/S8 bearer = 1:1:1:1
Application / Service Layer
UL Service
S i D
Data
t Fl
Flows
UL--TFT

UL--TFTRB-ID
RB--ID
S1
S1TEID
ID
--TEID

UE

eNodeB
eNB
Radio Bearer

DL S
Service
i D
Data
t Fl
Flows
DL--TFT
S5/S8-TEID
DL-TFT
S1TEI
S1
S5/S8-TEID
--TEID S5/S8-TEID

Serving GW
S1 Bearer

PDN GW

S5/S8 Bearer
43/40

Dedicated Bearer Creation


UE

eNodeB

MME

Serving GW

(A)

PDN GW

PCRF

1. PCRF Initiated IP-CAN


Session Modification, begin

2. Create Bearer Request

Re-Auth Request

3. Create Bearer Request


4. Bearer Setup Request/
S
Session
i Management
M
t Request
R
t

5. RRC Connection Reconfiguration


6. RRC Connection Reconfiguration Complete
7. Bearer Setup Response
8. Direct Transfer
9. Session Management Response
10 . Create Bearer Response
11 . Create Bearer Response
12. PCRF Initiated IP
IPCAN
-CAN
Session Modification, end
(B)
44/40

Dedicated Bearer Creation


Call Description
if dynamic
y
PCC is deployed,
p y
PCRF ((Policy
y and Charging
g g Rule Function))
sends RAR message with PCC (policy control & charging) to P-GW/PCEF
(policy control enforce function). If static PCC is used, P-GW/PCEF uses
local policy
Create Bearer Request[ IMSI,PTI,EPS Bearer QoS,TFT,S5/S8
TEID LBI PCO]
TEID,LBI,PCO]

LBI (linked
(li k d EPS b
bearer id) : the
h d
default
f l EPS b
bearer id

for the UE PTI (procedure transaction id): only be used in UE requested


bearer resource modification procedure (assigned by UE per one modification
request)
Create Bearer Request
q
[[IMSI,PTI,EPS
,
,
Bearer QoS,, TFT,, S1-TEID,LBI,PCO].
, ,
]
If UE is in ECM-idle mode, MME executes network triggered service request
to the UE

45/40

Dedicated Bearer Deactivation


UE

eNodeB

MME

SGSN

Serving GW

(A)

PDN GW

PCRF

1. IP-CAN Session
Modification

2. Delete Bearer Request


3a. Delete Bearer Request
3b. Delete Bearer Request
4. Deactivate Bearer Request
5. Radio Bearer Release Request
6a. Radio Bearer Release Response
6b. Deactivate Bearer Response
7a. Direct Transfer
7b. Deactivate EPS Bearer Context Accept
8a Delete Bearer Response
8a.
8b. Delete Bearer Response
9. Delete Bearer Response
(B)

10. IP-CAN
10
IP CAN S
Session
i
Modification
46/40

Dedicated Bearer Deactivation


Call Description
P-GW
P
GW initiates the bearer deactivation procedure due to QoS Policy change,
request from MME, HO without optimization from 3GPP to non-3GPP
Delete Bearer Request[EPS
q
[
Bearer id,, Cause]] with indication all bearers
belong to that PDN connection will be released
S1-AP Deactivate Bearer Request[EPS Bearer id,NAS Deactivate EPS
Bearer Cxt Request [EPS Bearer Id]]
a Radio Bearer Release Request[EPS Radio Bearer id,NAS Deactivate EPS
Bearer Cxt Request ] Response. UE RRC releases the radio bearers & UE
NAS removes the UL TFTs and EPS bearer ids
Deactivate Bearer Response after deleting radio bearer context in eNB

47/40

Dedicated Bearer Service Example


Procedures
Internet Target node AF interworking
AF generates PCC Rules and delivers it to PCRF (and to SAEGW)
Gate Control and QoS would be enforced

AF

Rx 2 7

1.Rx:AAR(Gate Closed, Bandwidth


Reservation)
2.Rx:AAA(ACK)
3.IP-CAN Session modification (Gx:RAR)
4 Dedicated bearer Establishment
4.Dedicated
5.IP-CAN Session modification (Gx:RAA)
6.Rx:AAR(Gate Open)
7.Rx:AAA(ACK)
8.IP-CAN Session modification (Gx:RAR)
9.IP-CAN Session modification (Gx:RAA)

SPR

PCRF
Sp
8
NotePC#1
(Source)

LTE
Dongle

LTE/ 4
EP
C

Gx 9
5
S/P GW

NotePC#2
(Target)
48/40

Bearer Traffic Transmission


EPS bearer forwarding
Session lookup at S/P-GW(PGW)
S/P GW(PGW) by using destination IP of incoming packets
GTP encapsulation (TEID key) between eNB and S/P-GW

APN: samsung.com

49/40

GTP-U Packet Flow (Upstream Processing)


LENA DPME > LEDA DPME
Using TEID lookup, it can extract shelf/slot/CPU ID for the packet to be forwarded

LEDA DPME
BearerContext Table access using Call Id filed in the TEID
Decapsulate the GTPU IP and process received GTPU packet according to the call table requirement (QoS,
Charging statistics and etc)
Charging,

LEDA DPME > LENA DPME


IP Packet forwarding based on routing table

50/40

IP Packet Flow (Downstream Processing)

51/40

IPPacketFlow(DownstreamProcessing)

52/40