The Global Nanotechnology Network

The EPSRC Nanotechnology Horizon

Dr Clive Hayter Engineering & Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), UK

UK Research Investment 2003/04

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UK Government R&D - £7.6 BN (€ 11 BN) UK Research Councils - £ 2.0 BN (€ 2.9 BN) (rising to £2.9 [€ 4.2 BN 2005/06]) EPSRC - £500M (€726 M) Current portfolio of projects - £1 bn (€ 1.45 BN)

Research Councils
DTI
Office of Science and Technology

BBSRC

ESRC

EPSRC

MRC

NERC

PPARC

CCLRC

UK Government Policy

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2001 – Basic Technology Programme 2001 – Interdisciplinary Research Collaborations (IRCs) 2001 – University Innovation Centre 2001 – UK Advisory Panel Established 2002 – A UK Strategy For Nanotechnology 2002 – Review - International Review of Materials 2002 – European Science Foundation SONS Programme 2003 - DTI Micro & Nano Technologies Programme

EPSRC mission

To promote and support high-quality basic, strategic and applied research and related postgraduate training in engineering and the physical sciences. To advance knowledge and technology and provide trained engineers and scientists to meet the needs of users, thereby contributing to the quality of life and economic competitiveness of the United Kingdom. To provide advice, disseminate knowledge and promote public understanding in the fields of engineering and the physical sciences.

UK Government 10 Year Framework For Science & Innovation

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Published in July 2004 alongside the 2004 Spending Review settlement. Contains over 100 commitments and aspirations. Increasing UK R&D level from 1.9% to 2.5% of GDP Full Economic Costs and Sustainability Research infrastructure Knowledge transfer People support

EPSRC Investment in Nanotechnology

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Nanofabrication Nanometrology Nanomechanical Devices Functional Nanotechnology Molecular Nanotechnology Nanoclusters, nanoparticles & catalysts Nanostructured Materials “Extreme” Nanotechnology

Research Councils & Nanotechnology

Expenditure BBSRC EPSRC MRC Total

2002/03 Direct £14.5M £32.2M £21.3M £68M (€ 99M)

2002/03 Underpinning £35M £147M _ £182M (€ 265M)

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Both responsive and strategic investments For EPSRC – ratio, 77% responsive; 22% strategic

Nanotechnology Facilities

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CCLRC: Synchrotron Radiation Source (SRS) & Diamond CCLRC: ISIS Neutron Spallation Source EPSRC Centre for III-V Technologies: £5M [€7.27M] + over 3 years CCLRC: Central Microstructure Facility Innos (Southampton) Silicon fabrication facility Surrey Ion Beam Centre: £2M [€2.9M] + over 4 years SuperSTEM (Aberration Corrected TEM)

UK Centres of Critical Mass in Nanotechnology

Fabrication, organisation and properties of molecular structures; spin-dependent transport; molecular materials for electronics and photonics; polypeptide self-assembly; tissue engineering; lithography; single electron logic and memory structures; magnetic quantum computing; sensors and biosensors; nanotubes; nanomagnets; nanowires; nanotribology; scanning probe microscopy.

University of Cambridge

University of Glasgow

Lab-on-a-chip; bioelectronic sensors; nano-embossing; high speed transistors and circuits; novel materials systems for transistors; gratings for single frequency lasers; surface probes; biocompatible/ bioinhibitor nanostructures. Drug delivery; polymers; surface design; preparation and instrumentation; semiconductor nanostructures; Fullerenes and carbon nanotubes; scanning probe microscopy; nanometer scale optics; molecular manipulation; biophysics.

University of Nottingham

University of Oxford

Scanning force microscopy of nanostructures; polymer/glass and layered nanocomposites; biological devices; carbon nanotubes; nanowires; materials nanoscale characterisation.

University of Leeds

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University of Liverpool

Observation and manipulation of nano-size objects; robust biosensors: bioreactors drug delivery; gas sensors; nanodevice modelling; self-assembly and self-organisation; nanostructured materials; nanoscale device architectures.

Nanoscale optical, magnetic and electronic materials, devices and sensors; tissue engineering; development of sub-Ångstrom electron microscopy.

Cranfield University

University of Birmingham

Fusing microengineering and nanotechnology: nanofabrication and characterisation; ferroelectric ceramics, powders and composites; piezoelectric ultrasonic motors; deposition of ferroelectric films; pyroelectric detectors.

Nanostructured surfaces; thin film production using size-selected cluster beams; fabrication of nanophase materials; sensors; filters; optical devices; novel electronic devices based on quantum mechanics; magnetic storage materials.

University of Southampton

Imperial College London

Nanostructuring of nonlinear optical materials; photonic crystal waveguides; germanium nanoscale quantum dots; nanostructured mesoporous materials; nanoporous thin films; bioelectronic sensors; atomic force and scanning probe microscopy.

Nanocrystalline electronic, photonic and power devices; solar and fuel cells; quantum dots; nanomaterials; magnetic nanostructures; selfassembled monolayers; lab-on-a-chip.

EPSRC Nanotechnology Strategic Investments
2 Nanotechnology Interdisciplinary Research Collaborations (IRCs) (Co-funded with BBSRC, MRC and MoD) Quantum Information Processing IRC & Tissue Engineering IRC 5 EPSRC Platform Grants

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Training – masters, collaborative, Life Sciences Interface Thematic nano research networks ESF EUROCORES in Self Organised Nanostructured Systems DTI MNT Projects / Faraday Partnerships

Interdisciplinary Research Collaborations (IRCs) in Nanotechnology

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IRC in Bio-Nanotechnology (£10M [€ 14.5M] over 6 years) Led by Oxford University Director Professor John Ryan Coordinating activities in Glasgow, York and the National Institute for Medical Research IRC in Nanotechnology (£10M [€ 14.5M] over 6 years) Led by Cambridge University Director Professor Mark Welland Coordinating activities in Bristol and University College London

IRC in Nanotechnology
Interdisciplinary activity with the theme of understanding and controlling the physical properties of nanostructures and devices by fabrication at single molecule precision

Objectives:
Fabrication of 3-D structures with molecular precision Growth of soft layers by directed self assembly Determining mechanical and electronic properties of nanoscale interfaces Architectures for devices in biomedicine and IT Commercial spin-outs Training of personnel in interdisciplinary environment

IRC in Nanotechnology

Example Core Project – Nanofabrication
Patterned self assembly for pattern replication Stencilling of complex structures and materials Device fabrication by direct printing Nanopatterned SAMs as 2D templates for 3D fabrication Novel resists and resist processes Pattern transfer from thin resist layers For further information contact: Professor Mark Welland, mew10@cam.ac.uk
© IRC in Nanotechnology

IRC in Bio-Nanotechnology

Biomolecular systems from the level of single molecules up to complex molecular machines by the integration of top-down nanoscale lithography with bottom-up biomolecular assembly Key themes are: Molecular machines Functional membrane proteins Nano-electronics and photonics In parallel, Doctoral Training Centre with interdisciplinary focus

IRC in Bio-Nanotechnology
Example Core Projects:

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Molecular Motors, objective to measure the physical behaviour of bacterial flagellar and enzymatic F0F1-ATPase motors and establish the principles by which they work DNA & Protein Nanostructures Synthetic molecular motors DNA scaffolds for crystallography Functional biomolecular devices Biomembranes and Ion Channels
For further information on the work of the Bionanotechnology IRC contact: Professor John Ryan, j.ryan1@physics.ox.ac.uk

Nanotechnology Networks Nano-optical microscopy Nanotools for biomedicine Nanotechnology SPM Nanomagnetism Nano-analysis Using FIB Nanometrology Biomedical applications of micro/nano

FerroElectric Materials

Nanoscale structures for life sciences

Future Plans

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Nanotechnology Theme Day (16th June 2005) – evaluation exercise Mid-Term Nanotechnology IRC Reviews (May & June 2005) Consultation on priorities in nanometrology and nanomanufacturing

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