Lewis Formation Stimulation Experiences in the SJB

Schlumberger Private

Farmington, NM Well Services Schlumberger

7 WF 120_70%Q .3 ClearFRAC 5%_70%Q Other Clients: 5 jobs DRT .3 WF130_70%Q .Jobs Performed Jan/02 Aug/04 Client 1: 150 jobs .WF120_75%Q Schlumberger Private Client 2: 13 jobs .

Schlumberger Private DRT 10 12 14 16 0 Jan-02 Mar-02 May-02 Jul-02 Sep-02 Nov-02 Jan-03 Mar-03 May-03 Jul-03 Sep-03 Nov-03 Jan-04 Mar-04 May-04 Jul-04 Jobs Performed Jan/02 Aug/04 2 4 6 8 Frac Jobs done on the Lewis Formation SJB .

– Actually only 1 stage is done in all the pay-adds.Main Design Considerations • Fluid: – CO2 treatments: main drawback is cost. DRT . – 20# Linear Gel 70-80%Q: most cost effective treatment (95% to 98% of treatments done up-to-date) Schlumberger Private • Number of Stages: – Ideal number is 2 due to the height of the interval: 600 to 900ft.

• Perforation Method: – Best: Five to Six 10 ft intervals (1spf) in the complete length of the Lewis: – Actually only 25 shots 0 degree phasing guns: most economical.Main Design Considerations • Pay Add Zone: – Lower 2/3 of the Lewis formation: more sandy (high quartz content) intervals. DRT . Schlumberger Private • Perforation Breakdown: – To be done with the treatment to minimize damage and swelling of the shaly content of the formation. – Use of minimum amounts of fluid.

2 Schlumberger Private 0.1 0.25 0.Main Design Considerations # perforations / gross height 0.05 0 time DRT .15 # perfs 0.

– 80 to 75%Q N2 foam @ 45. – 1 to 4 ppa (0.5 ppa increments) DRT Schlumberger Private .60 bpm downhole – 1 to 3 ppa Least common ~ 5% of cases – 10-15% PAD – 250K# to 300K# of 20/40 sand. – 75% to 70%Q N2 foam (ClearFRAC) @ 60 bpm downhole.Main Design Considerations • Treatments: Most common ~ 95% of cases – 10% PAD – 200K # of 20/40 sand.

Main Design Considerations Average Treating Pressure 0 to 1500 psi5000 ~ 7% 4500 1500 to 3000 psi ~ 83% Avg Treating Pressure Schlumberger Private > 3000 psi ~4000 10% Pad % & Average Rate (bpm) 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 time DRT .

Main Design Considerations 80 (E) Pad %Clean 70 Avg Injected Rate 60 Pad % & Average Rate (bpm) Schlumberger Private 50 40 30 20 10 0 time DRT .

0 1500.0 500.0 3500.0 1000.0 2000.0 Schlumberger Private 4000.0 time DRT # of propant .0 2500.Main Design Considerations Total Prop / Net ft 5000.0 3000.0 4500.0 0.

Schlumberger Private DRT .Main Design Considerations • Flowback: – Immediate flowback to minimize effect of the fluid in the formation and maximize the energized effect of the N2 (avoid dissipation into the formation).

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