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Important Formulas:

1. Downstream/Upstream: In water, the direction along the stream is called downstream. And, the direction against the stream is called upstream. 2. If the speed of a boat in still water is u km/hr and the speed of the stream is vkm/hr, then: Speed downstream = (u + v) km/hr. Speed upstream = (u - v) km/hr. 3. If the speed downstream is a km/hr and the speed upstream is b km/hr, then: Speed in still water = Rate of stream = 1 (a + b) km/hr. 2

1 (a - b) km/hr. 2

1 A boat can travel with a speed of 13 km/hr in still water. If the speed of the stream is 4 km/hr, find the time taken by the boat to go 68 km downstream. A. C. 2 hours 4 hours B. D. 3 hours 5 hours

Answer & Explanation Answer: Option C Explanation: Speed downstream = (13 + 4) km/hr = 17 km/hr. Time taken to travel 68 km downstream = 68 17 hrs = 4 hrs.

2. A man's speed with the current is 15 km/hr and the speed of the current is 2.5 km/hr. The man's speed against the current is: A. C. 8.5 km/hr 10 km/hr B. D. 9 km/hr 12.5 km/hr

Answer & Explanation Answer: Option C Explanation: Man's rate in still water = (15 - 2.5) km/hr = 12.5 km/hr. Man's rate against the current = (12.5 - 2.5) km/hr = 10 km/hr.

3. A boat running upstream takes 8 hours 48 minutes to cover a certain distance, while it takes 4 hours to cover the same distance running downstream. What is the ratio between the speed of the boat and speed of the water current respectively? A. C. E. 2:1 8:3 None of these B. D. 3:2 Cannot be determined

Answer & Explanation Answer: Option C Explanation: Let the man's rate upstream be x kmph and that downstream be y kmph. Then, distance covered upstream in 8 hrs 48 min = Distance covered downstream in 4 hrs. xx8 4 = (y x 4) 5

Required ratio =

16x 1 6x 1 x : x 5 2 5 2 8 3 : 5 5

= 8 : 3.

4. A motorboat, whose speed in 15 km/hr in still water goes 30 km downstream and comes back in a total of 4 hours 30 minutes. The speed of the stream (in km/hr) is: A. C. 4 6 B. D. 5 10

Answer: Option B Explanation: Let the speed of the stream be x km/hr. Then, Speed downstream = (15 + x) km/hr, Speed upstream = (15 - x) km/hr. 30 30 1 + =4 (15 + x) (15 - x) 2 900 9 = 225 - x2 2 9x2 = 225 x2 = 25 x = 5 km/hr.

5. In one hour, a boat goes 11 km/hr along the stream and 5 km/hr against the stream. The speed of the boat in still water (in km/hr) is: A. C. 3 km/hr 8 km/hr B. D. 5 km/hr 9 km/hr

Answer & Explanation Answer: Option C Explanation: 1 Speed in still water = (11 + 5) kmph = 8 kmph. 2

6. A boat running downstream covers a distance of 16 km in 2 hours while for covering the same distance upstream, it takes 4 hours. What is the speed of the boat in still water?

A. C.

4 km/hr 8 km/hr

B. D.

Answer & Explanation Answer: Option B Explanation: Rate downstream = Rate upstream = 16 2 kmph = 8 kmph.

7. The speed of a boat in still water in 15 km/hr and the rate of current is 3 km/hr. The distance travelled downstream in 12 minutes is: A. C. 1.2 km 2.4 km B. D. 1.8 km 3.6 km

Answer & Explanation Answer: Option D Explanation: Speed downstream = (15 + 3) kmph = 18 kmph. Distance travelled = 18 x 12 60 km = 3.6 km.

8. A boat takes 90 minutes less to travel 36 miles downstream than to travel the same distance upstream. If the speed of the boat in still water is 10 mph, the speed of the stream is: A. C. 2 mph 3 mph B. D. 2.5 mph 4 mph

Answer: Option A Explanation: Let the speed of the stream x mph. Then, Speed downstream = (10 + x) mph, Speed upstream = (10 - x) mph. 36 36 90 = (10 - x) (10 + x) 60 72x x 60 = 90 (100 - x2) x2 + 48x - 100 = 0 (x+ 50)(x - 2) = 0 x = 2 mph.

9. A man can row at 5 kmph in still water. If the velocity of current is 1 kmph and it takes him 1 hour to row to a place and come back, how far is the place? A. C. 2.4 km 3 km B. D. 2.5 km 3.6 km

Answer & Explanation Answer: Option A Explanation: Speed downstream = (5 + 1) kmph = 6 kmph. Speed upstream = (5 - 1) kmph = 4 kmph. Let the required distance be x km. Then, x x + =1 6 4

2x + 3x = 12 5x = 12 x = 2.4 km.

10.

A boat covers a certain distance downstream in 1 hour, while it comes back in 1 hours. If the speed of the stream be 3 kmph, what is the speed of the boat in still water? A. C. E. 12 kmph 14 kmph None of these B. D. 13 kmph 15 kmph

Answer & Explanation Answer: Option D Explanation: Let the speed of the boat in still water be x kmph. Then, Speed downstream = (x + 3) kmph, Speed upstream = (x - 3) kmph. (x + 3) x 1 = (x - 3) x 2x + 6 = 3x - 9 x = 15 kmph. 3 2

11. A boatman goes 2 km against the current of the stream in 1 hour and goes 1 km

along the current in 10 minutes. How long will it take to go 5 km in stationary water? A. C. 40 minutes 1 hr 15 min B. D. 1 hour 1 hr 30 min

Answer & Explanation Answer: Option C Explanation: Rate downstream = 1 x 60 km/hr = 6 km/hr. 10

Rate upstream = 2 km/hr. 1 Speed in still water = (6 + 2) km/hr = 4 km/hr. 2 5 1 Required time = hrs = 1 hr 15 min. 4 hrs = 14 12. A man can row three-quarters of a kilometre against the stream in 11 minutes and down the stream in 7 minutes. The speed (in km/hr) of the man in still water is: A. C. 2 4 B. D. 3 5

Answer & Explanation Answer: Option D Explanation: We can write three-quarters of a kilometre as 750 metres, and 11 minutes as 675 seconds. 750 10 = m/sec. 675 m/sec 9 750 5 Rate downstream = = m/sec. 450 m/sec 3 Rate upstream =

1 10 5 + 2 9 3 m/sec

13. Speed of a boat in standing water is 9 kmph and the speed of the stream is 1.5 kmph. A man rows to a place at a distance of 105 km and comes back to the starting point. The total time taken by him is: A. C. 16 hours 20 hours B. D. 18 hours 24 hours

Answer & Explanation Answer: Option D Explanation: Speed upstream = 7.5 kmph. Speed downstream = 10.5 kmph. Total time taken = 105 105 + 7.5 10.5 hours = 24 hours.

14. A man takes twice as long to row a distance against the stream as to row the same distance in favour of the stream. The ratio of the speed of the boat (in still water) and the stream is: A. C. 2:1 3:2 B. D. 3:1 4:3

Explanation: Let man's rate upstream be x kmph. Then, his rate downstream = 2x kmph. (Speed in still water) : (Speed of stream) = = 3x x : 2 2 2x + x 2x - x : 2 2

= 3 : 1.

15. A man rows to a place 48 km distant and come back in 14 hours. He finds that he can row 4 km with the stream in the same time as 3 km against the stream. The rate of the stream is: A. C. 1 km/hr 2 km/hr B. D. 1.5 km/hr 2.5 km/hr

Answer & Explanation Answer: Option A Explanation: Suppose he move 4 km downstream in x hours. Then, Speed downstream = Speed upstream = 4 km/hr. x

So, Speed downstream = 8 km/hr, Speed upstream = 6 km/hr. 1 Rate of the stream = (8 - 6) km/hr = 1 km/hr. 2

16. A man can row upstream 10 kmph and downstream 20 kmph. Find the man rate in still water and rate of the stream. A. 0,5 B. 5,5

C. 15,5 D. 10,5

Answer: Option C

Explanation: Please remember, If a is rate downstream and b is rate upstream Rate in still water = 1/2(a+b) Rate of current = 1/2(a-b) => Rate in still water = 1/2(20+10) = 15 kmph => Rate of current = 1/2(20-10) = 5 kmph 17. A man takes 3 hours 45 minutes to row a boat 15 km downstream of a river and 2 hours 30 minutes to cover a distance of 5 km upstream. Find the speed of the current. A. 1 km/hr B. 2 km/hr

C. 3 km/hr D. 4 km/hr

Answer: Option A

Explanation: First of all, we know that speed of current = 1/2(speed downstream - speed upstream) [important] So we need to calculate speed downstream and speed upstream first. Speed = Distance / Time [important]

Speed upstream =(15334)km/hr=15415=4km/hrSpeed Downstream = (5212)km/hr=525=2km/hrSo speed of current = 12(42)=1km/hr 18. In one hour, a boat goes 11km along the stream and 5 km against it. Find the speed of the boat in still water A. 6 B. 7

C. 8 D. 9

Answer: Option C

Explanation: We know we can calculate it by 1/2(a+b) => 1/2(11+5) = 1/2(16) = 8 km/hr 19. A motorboat, whose speed in 15 km/hr in still water goes 30 km downstream and comes back in a total of 4 hours 30 minutes. The speed of the stream (in km/hr) is A. 2 km/hr B. 3 km/hr

C. 4 km/hr D. 5 km/hr

Answer: Option D

Explanation: Let the speed of the stream be x km/hr. Then, Speed downstream = (15 + x) km/hr, Speed upstream = (15 - x) km/hr So we know from question that it took 4(1/2)hrs to travel back to same point.

So, 3015+x3015x=412=>900225x2=92=>9x2=225=>x=5km/hr 20. If Rahul rows 15 km upstream in 3 hours and 21 km downstream in 3 hours, then the speed of the stream is A. 5 km/hr B. 4 km/hr

C. 2 km/hr D. 1 km/hr

Answer: Option D

Explanation: Rate upstream = (15/3) kmph Rate downstream (21/3) kmph = 7 kmph. Speed of stream (1/2)(7 - 5)kmph = 1 kmph 21. A man can row 913 kmph in still water and finds that it takes him thrice as much time to row up than as to row, down the same distance in the river. The speed of the current is. A. 323kmph B. 423kmph

C. 523kmph D. 623kmph

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Friends first we should analyse quickly that what we need to calculate and what values we require to get it. So here we need to get speed of current, for that we will need speed downstream and speed upstream, because we know Speed of current = 1/2(a-b) [important] Let the speed upstream = x kmph Then speed downstream is = 3x kmph [as per question]

speed in still water = 12(a+b)=>12(3x+x)=>2x as per question we know, 2x=913=>2x=283=>x=143 So, Speed upstream = 14/3 km/hr, Speed downstream 14 km/hr. Speed of the current =12[14143]=143=423kmph 22. A man rows 750 m in 675 seconds against the stream and returns in 7 and half minutes. His rowing speed in still water is A. 4 kmph B. 5 kmph

C. 6 kmph D. 7 kmph

Answer: Option B

Explanation: Rate upstream = (750/675) = 10/9 m/sec Rate downstream (750/450) m/sec = 5/3 m/sec Rate in still water = (1/2)*[(10/9) + (5/3)] m/sec. = 25/18 m/sec = (25/18)*(18/5) kmph = 5 kmph 23. If a boat goes 7 km upstream in 42 minutes and the speed of the stream is 3 kmph, then the speed of the boat in still water is

A. 12 kmph B. 13 kmph

C. 14 kmph D. 15 kmph

Answer: Option B

Explanation: Rate upstream = (7/42)*60 kmh = 10 kmph. Speed of stream = 3 kmph. Let speed in sttil water is x km/hr Then, speed upstream = (x 3) km/hr. x-3 = 10 or x = 13 kmph 24. A man takes twice as long to row a distance against the stream as to row the same distance in favour of the stream. The ratio of the speed of the boat in still water and stream is A. 3:1 B. 1:3

C. 2:4 D. 4:2

Answer: Option A

Explanation: Let speed downstream = x kmph Then Speed upstream = 2x kmph So ratio will be, (2x+x)/2 : (2x-x)/2 => 3x/2 : x/2 => 3:1 25. A man's speed with the current is 20 kmph and speed of the current is 3 kmph. The Man's speed against the current will be A. 11 kmph B. 12 kmph

C. 14 kmph D. 17 kmph

Answer: Option C

Explanation: If you solved this question yourself, then trust me you have a all very clear with the basics of this chapter. If not then lets solve this together. Speed with current is 20, speed of the man + It is speed of the current Speed in still water = 20 - 3 = 17 Now speed against the current will be speed of the man - speed of the current = 17 - 3 = 14 kmph 26. A boat can travel with a speed of 16 km/hr in still water. If the rate of stream is 5 km/hr, then find the time taken by the boat to cover distance of 84 km downstream. A. 4 hours B. 5 hours

C. 6 hours D. 7 hours

Answer: Option A

Explanation: It is very important to check, if the boat speed given is in still water or with water or against water. Because if we neglect it we will not reach on right answer. I just mentioned here because mostly mistakes in this chapter are of this kind only. Lets see the question now. Speed downstream = (16 + 5) = 21 kmph

Time = distance/speed = 84/21 = 4 hours 27. A man can row at 5 kmph in still water. If the velocity of the current is 1 kmph and it takes him 1 hour to row to a place and come back. how far is that place. A. .4 km B. 1.4 km

C. 2.4 km D. 3.4 km

Answer: Option C

Explanation: Let the distance is x km Rate downstream = 5 + 1 = 6 kmph Rate upstream = 5 - 1 = 4 kmph then x/6 + x/4 = 1 [because distance/speed = time] => 2x + 3x = 12 => x = 12/5 = 2.4 km 28. The speed of a boat in still water is 15 km/hr and the rate of current is 3 km/hr. The distance travelled downstream in 12 minutes is A. 1.6 km B. 2 km

C. 3.6 km D. 4 km

Answer: Option C

Explanation: Speed downstreams=(15 + 3)kmph = 18 kmph. Distance travelled = (18 x 12/60)km = 3.6km

29. If a boat goes 7 km upstream in 42 minutes and the speed of the stream is 3 kmph, then the speed of the boat in still water is : . [C.B.I. 1993] 4.2 km/hr 9 km/hr 13 km/hr 21 km/hr

Answer & Explanation 13 km/hr Answer: Explanation: Rate upstream = (7/42)*60 kmh = 10 kmph. Speed of stream = 3 kmph. Let speed in sttil water is x km/hr Then, speed upstream = (x 3) km/hr. x-3 = 10 or x = 13 kmph.

30. A man can row a boat at 10 kmph in still water. If the speed of the stream is 6 kmph, the time taken to row a distance of 80 km down thestream is : 8 hours 5 hours 10 hours 20 hours

Answer & Explanation 5 hours Answer: Explanation: Speed downstream (10+6) km/hr 16 km/hr. Time taken to cover 80 km downstream = (80/16) hrs = 5 hrs. 31. A boat takes 4 hours for travelling downstream from point A to point B aild coming back to point A upstream. If the velocity of the stream is 2 kmph and the speed of the boat in still water is 4 kmph, what is the distance between A and B? 4 kms 6 km 8 km 9 km

Answer & Explanation 6 km Answer: Explanation: Let the distance between A and B be x km. Speed downstream = 6 kmph, speed upstream = 2 kmph. (x/6) + (x/2) = 4 4x = 24 hence x = 6 Distance AB = 6 km.

32. If a man can swim downstream at 6 kmph and upstream at 2 kmph, his speed in still wateris : 4 km/hr 2 km/hr 3 km/br 2.5 km/hr

Answer & Explanation 4 km/hr Answer: Explanation: Speed in still water = (1/2) * (6 + 2) km/hr = 4 km/hr 33. A boat covers 24 km upstream and 36 km downstream in 6 hours while it covers 36 km upstream and 24 km downstream in 6 hours. The velocity of the current is : 1 km/hr 1.5 km/hr 2 km/hr 2.5 km/hr

Answer & Explanation 2 km/hr Answer: Explanation: Help us to explain question in discussion 34. A man can row 9 and 1/3 kmph in still water and finds that it takes him thrice as much time to row up than as to row, down the same distance in the river. The speed of the current is 3 and 1/3 km/hr 3 and 1/9 km/hr 4 and 2/3 km/hr 14 km/hr

Answer & Explanation 4 and 2/3 km/hr Answer: Explanation: Let speed upstream is x kmph. Then, speed downstream = 3x kmph. Speed in still water = (1/2)(3x + x) kmph = 2x kmph. 2x = 28/3 x = 14/3 Speed upstream = 14/3 km/hr, Speed downstream 14 km/hr. speed of the current = (1/2)[14 - (14/3)] = 14/3 = 4 and 2/3 kmph 35. A man rows 13 km upstream in 5 hours and also 28 km downstream in 5 hours. The velocity of the stream is : 1.5 km/hr 2.5 km/hr

2 mk/hr

3 km/hr

Answer & Explanation 1.5 km/hr Answer: Explanation: speed upstream = (13/5) kmph speed downstream (28/5) kmph Velocity of stream = (1/2)[(28/5) - (13/5)] = 1.5 kmph 36. If Anisul rows 15 km upstream and 21 km downstream taking 3 hours each time, then the speed of the stream is : 1 km/hr 1.5 kin/hr 2 km/hr 12 km/hr

Answer & Explanation 1 km/hr Answer: Explanation: Rate upstream = (15/3) kmph Rate downstream (21/3) kmph = 7 kmph. Speed of stream (1/2)(7 - 5)kmph = 1 kmph. 37. A man rows 750 m in 675 seconds against the stream and returns in 7 and half minutes. His rowing speed in still water is: 3 km/hr 4 km/hr 5 km/hr 6 km/hr

Answer & Explanation 5 km/hr Answer: Explanation: Rate upstream = (750/675) = 10/9 m/sec Rate downstream (750/450) m/sec = 5/3 m/sec. Rate in still water = (1/2)*[(10/9) + (5/3)] m/sec. = 25/18 m/sec = (25/18)*(18/5) kmPh = 5 kmph

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