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BODY SCRUB AND INSTRUCTIONS Your skin sheds 30,000 to 40,000 dead cells per minute, but sometimes

this natural shedding isn't enough. If you don't remove dead skin cells, dirt and debris can become trapped in your pores. Dead cells that have been on the surface of your skin are duller and dryer than the ne er cells underneath. !"foliating your entire body can help prevent body acne in many places belo your neck, such as the chest, back, and arms. It also helps you avoid ingro n hairs by preventing dead skin cells from plugging up follicles here you've shaved or a"ed. It assist in evening out skin tone and keeps your skin hydrated and soft. Don't scrub on a daily basis. #eople ith normal or dry skin need to e"foliate only once or t ice a eek. $eep in mind that the purpose of e"foliating is to remove skin cells that are dead. You shouldn't have to scrub too hard or too often to make that happen. If you do, you're likely to take off healthy cells, too, hich might leave your skin looking red and feeling sore. %ubbing the particles firmly but gently on your skin in circular motions should be enough to get the &ob done. When exfoliating less is more. 'se only a small amount of e"foliatant and take time to really gently scour your skin in circular motions( if you take a large dollop, the e"foliatant ill grind against itself instead of your skin and you ill not receive the benefits. You may e"foliate hen the skin is dry or e"foliate after you have damped your skin )this is up to your personal preference*. +fter sho ering off residue be sure and ,!-./Y pat your skin dry. !"foliating ill help prime your skin to soak up the benefits of your favorite lotion or cream so don0t skip this step. If your skin ill be e"posed to the sun, add sunscreen 10 to 30 minutes before you head outside. 2unscreen is al ays a good idea, and it0s particularly important after e"foliating, hich e"poses fresh ne skin that's especially prone to sun damage.
DO NOT !"foliate after shaving DO NOT !"foliate after 2un .anning )after a 2pray 3ooth .anning, after using a tanning booth, or after lying in the sun*. DO NOT !"foliate over cuts or scratches DO NOT Use body scrub on your face DO NOT !"foliate more than t ice eekly DO NOT /ie in the 2un for 1 hours after e"foliating DO DO DO DO DO 4eel your skin before and after e"foliating )e"perience that 565 after7* 8ake this an en&oyable e"perience for yourself 2have AFTER e"foliating 'se a moistur9ing cream, butter or lotion after e"foliating ,o treat your self to a 2pray .an

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SU&AR 'S# SA(T )*o+% s"r * Base,


SU&AR
2ugar in ,eneral is gentler on the skin than 2alt and should be used in 2crubs for persons ith e"tremely sensitive skin. 2ugar doesn't have the muscle rela"ing =ualities that 2alt does( 3'., ith the circular motion of scrubbing, sugar scrubs do increase circulation. +lso, some people &ust like the color and smell.

Organi" T r*ina+o S gar


#roduced from the first crystalli9ation of sugar cane. + minimally processed sugar ith a hint of 6rganic molasses. + more gentle scrub.

Organi" Co"on t S gar


4rom the flo er buds of the coconut tree, this is a 3londe >oconut sugar ith no additives of any kind. + more gentle scrub.

SA(T
.raditional scrubs are formulated ith salts as they have muscle rela"ing =ualities, minerals and trace elements, and are ideal e"foliate's.

Ha-aiian Re+ Salt


+ natural, unprocessed salt high in calcium, magnesium, potassium and copper. .he distinctive color comees from purified red ?a aiian clay( volcanic red clay is high in iron o"ide. It e"foliates and deto"ifies the skin.

Himala%an .in/ salt


%ich in mineral content hich includes @4 minerals and trace elementsA calcium, magnesium, potassium, copper and iron. ?imalayan #ink salt is also recogni9ed for it lovely pink color and therapeutic properties. It balances the body's p? and increased circulation and conductivity. +lso kno n to assist in relieving arthritis.
Object 1

0osher Sea Salt


+ natural product from the 8editerranean 2ea. B8ined from the ground or obtained through evaporated sea ater. 6ne of the first salts ever used to formulate body scrubs. 4or making home made scrubs this is the least e"pensive of the 2alts.

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Essential Oil an+ Fixe+ Oils 2ome of the differences


.here are differences bet een the B4i"ed 6ilsC )aka >arrier 6ils* and volatile plant oils. 4i"ed oils do -6. evaporate. #lant !ssential 6ils D6 evaporate because they are Dolatile. 4i"ed oil ill leave a permanent oil mark on paper because of there lubricating =uality and lo volatility. !ssential oils do not leave an oily mark on paper )although if there is color to the oil the color present ill leave a stain*. 4i"ed oil are -ot soluable in +lcohol. 8ost !ssential oils are soluable in +lcohol 4i"ed oil have lo volatility, !ssential are volatile . 4i"ed oils have high viscosity. !ssential oils have lo viscosity. .he aroma of fi"ed oils are eak. !ssential oil aroma is strong. 4i"ed oils can be solvent or cold e"pressed. !ssential oils are distilled or !"pressed

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Bo+% S"r * 1Fixe+ Oils1


also /no-n as Carrier oils

&ra2esee+ oil )Organi",


'itis vinifer )Organi" &ra2esee+), Famil%3 'ita"eae! Ex2eller .resse+4Unrefine+! Origin5 &erman% Fatt% A"i+s5
2aturated 4atty +cidsA 4.4E )stearic 4.4E,* 8onousaturated 4atty +cids 13.4E )palmitoeic acid F,1E oleic <G.1E* #olyunsaturated 4atty +cids F0.GE )/inoleic* .race acidsA 2aturatedA myristic, palmitic, arachidic behenic.

Uses )scrubs*
light and dry, tones the skin barrier repair and moisturi9ing, reduction in trans epidermal ater loss, damaged and stressed skin supports cell membranes ,ood for those ho cannot tolerate BnutC oils

.ro2erties )s"r *s,


+ntiHinflammatory, antio"idant

0 / i n t oil
Aleurites moluccans )0 / i n t), Famil%3 E 2hor*a"eae! Col+ 2resse+4.artiall% refine+! Origin5 Ha-aii Fatt% A"i+s5
2aturated 4atty +cidsA GE #almitic 8onousaturated 4atty +cidsA 1I.4E 6leic #olyunsaturated 4atty +cidsA GI.4E )aH/inolenic 1I.GE, /inoleic 3:.@E* %ich in DitaminsA +, >, ! )antiHo"idants*

Uses )scrubs*
re&uvenating and soothing moisture and nourishment ,ood for sensitive skin ,ood for dry skin

.ro2erties )s"r *s,


-one documented at this time

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. m2/in See+ )Organi",


Cucurbita pepo l. )Organi" . m2/in see+), Famil%3 C " r*ita"eae! Col+ .resse+4Unrefine+! Origin5 China Fatt% A"i+s5
2aturated 4atty +cidsA <F.@E )#almitic <3.0E, 2tearic 4.@E* 8onousaturated 4atty +cidsA 13.3E 6leic #olyunsaturated 4atty +cidsA IF.1E /inoleic .race acidsA 2aturatedA eicosanoic )>10A0*, tetracosanoic )>14A0*. 8onousaturatedA eicosenic )>10A<*, tetracosanoic )>14A<* aHlinolenic %ich in Jinc, and contains Ditamins 3, >, !.

Uses )scrubs*
re&uvenating and soothing moisture and nourishment ,ood for sensitive skin ,ood for dry skin

.ro2erties )s"r *s,


+ntiHinflammatory

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+dditives to 3ody 2crubs, 6ther

OR&ANIC COFFEE .opically +pplied coffee helps to redistribute fat cells and decrease the formation of cellulite. It acts as a vasorestritor, tighting and shrinking blood vessels thereby helping eliminate varicose vein. .he main chemical in coffee is caffeine, a natural antio"idant. +ntio"idants neutrali9e the effects of free radicals, hen a coffee body scrub is applied, the skin aborbs this.

OR&ANIC 'ANI((A S.EC0S .here are no real therapeutic benefits to 6rganic Danilla 2peck K it's simply a scent for your 3ody 2crub.

OR&ANIC 'E&ETAB(E &(YCERINE .his particular 6rganic Degetable ,lycerine is soy derived. ,lycerine is an emollient hich assist in the spreadability of the body scrub. ,lycerine is a preservative.

NATURA( 'ITA$IN E )$I6ED TOCO.HERO(S T789, .his is an organic Ditamin ! .HI0 oil a natural heat stable antio"idiant and organic preservative.

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!22!-.I+/ 6I/ 2+4!.Y


2afety firstA A(WAYS &(O'E U. before mi"ing formulations7 Al-a%s do a skin test7 +dulterated or synthetic oils have risk of irritation. 2ome books recomemend that essential oils be used BneatC on the skin. !ssential oils are never to be used BneatC unless you have had training )chemistry, botany, and aromatherapy* and e"perience ith the oils. 3lendingA 3asis dilution for !6's that are applied to the skin should never e"ceed <E unless the formulation has been prepared by a trained +romatherapist 5hen using 6rganic carrier oils it is imporant that the end user is not sensitive to BnutsC or Blate"C. ,reat care must be taken hen using >arrier oils )aka 4i"ed 6ils* and !ssential oils during pregnancy as many have a stimulating effect on the uterus. !ssential oil's can be transfer from the mother milk to the baby hen nursing K so avoid use hen nursing. 8any essential oils ill remove the finish hen spilled on furniture7

$eep all !6 bottles tightly closed to prevent evaporation and o"idation. 2tore in cool dark area. 3e a are of all the medications you are taking K many !ssential oils ill negate your medication or cause other problems. D6 -6. drink alcohol hen using !ssential 6ils777

This statement below is an excert from Aromatherapy for Health Professionals, 4 th Edition 20 2, edited by !hirleyPrice and "en Price# $t is reprinted here with the permission of %h&rchill "i'in(ston Else'ier "td#

Ignoran"e is Bliss: 8uch of the misnaming of oils for aromatherapy comes through ignorance on the part of the supplier. 6ccasionally a supplier sells an e"pensive fi"ed oil, such as evening primrose, as an essential oil, putting it into a small bottle ith an integral dorpper and ithin an essential oil price range. 'nfortunately, aromatherapy is a popular band agon to &ump on, and the very ord has selling po er, being used by the unscrupulous, sometimes at the e"pense of the un ary honest dealer. 2tandardi9ed oils are cheap and easy to obtain, unlike the genuine unadulterated essential oils necessaray for aromatherapy.

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This is an excert from Aromatherapy for Health Professionals, 4th Edition 20 2, edited by !hirleyPrice and "en Price# $t is reprinted here with the permission of %h&rchill "i'in(ston Else'ier "td#

Essential Oil Quality


Genuine aromatherapeutic essential oils
For therapeutic purposes the quality and wholeness of any essential oils used are of paramount importance, irrespective of cost, whereas when used in the flavour and fragrance industries the price, taste and aroma are the most important considerations; for them standardized essential oils are necessary to ensure repeatability and a consistent quality.

Quality variation
Variation in the quality of an essential oil may be natural or due to human intervention. Wine is a comemodity which is e pected to have a different taste and character from year to year, although harvested, processed and bottled at the same vineyard and from the same vines. !lants are sub"ect to varing amounts of sunshine, frost, rain, heat or cold each year, and it is these factors, plus the comeposition of the soil, which are responsible for the variations in quality and comeposition #and therefore the aroma$ of the plant e tracts, occurring naturally from year to year.

Synthetic materials, adulteration


%raders in essential oils may add cheaper oils or synthetics to the genuine oils, in order to maintain the same standard taste, aroma, and price level for successive repeat deliveries to the same customer. %he need of the flavour and food industries are today so great that there are scarely enough natural products in the world to meet the demand, and even where available some products are "ust too e pensive for their purposes comepared with synthetics. %he aromatherapist, however, needs above all to acquire the natural physicochemical characteristics, whatever the variation from harvest to harvest. &ssential oils are made up of a vast array of natural chemicals, most of which are found in more than one oil. 't is a fairly simple matter for the chemist to remove a desired constituent from a cheap oil and add it to an e pensive oil, or to sell a modified (pure( oil to an unsuspecting customer for a high price. )dulteration also ta*es place when a synthetic isolated is added, especially to one of the costly oils such as rose otto, when synthetic phenyl ethyl alcohol #occurring naturally in rose otto$ is used as the adulterant. +atural identical products are manufactured in a laboratory and are simply synthetic copies of ingredients found in nature. )lcohol, and occasionally a small amount of vegetable oil, which are both good solvents of essential oils, are used to adulterate, stretch or cut +ature(s gifts, and many descriptive words are used to "ustify the standardization sometimes necessary in the fragrance and food industries. (,ertain suppliers with highly developed imagination will even use the term -ennobling. for the disfiguration of an essential oil( #)rctendar /012$. With some oils it is almost standard practice to adulterate, e.g. the use of !&3 #polethylene glycol$ to e tend lavender essential oil.

Imitations
& pensive essential oils such as Melissa officinalis 4melissa5 and Aloysia triphylla 46emon verbena5 are often imitated by the perfume industry by using blends of cheaper oils to stimulate the aroma; to the perfumer, the aroma is the most important asset of an (essential oil(, not whether Ego Ho r! In"# 0:;1<;10<1 @ Chere $"Co% ICA

it is natural, adulterated or synthetic. %isserand and 7ales #/008 p /99$ say that Aloysia triphylla should not be used in therapy, but this advised is based on test carried out at /:; using fragrance quality oils #<pdy*e /00:$. =ost oils named lemon verbena are blends of lemon, citronella, lemongrass etc., as the genuine oil is e pensive; these (made up( verbena oils are li*ely to be phototo ic and are also s*in sensitizers because of the high citral content in the oils from which they have been constructed. >owever, the genuine oil, which has a similary concentration of citral to the above oils does not irritate the s*in #?chnaubelt /00@ p. //9$ A a good reason for not using industrial quality essential oils therapeuticallyB

Deterpenized Oils
&ssential oils used in fragrance industry often have their terpenes partly or wholly removed on account of their insolubility in alcohol, which would result in cloudiness A a distinct comemercial and asthetic disadvantage in a perfumeB %he deterpenized oil is incomeplete and contains in higher proportions the remaining consituents of the oil, for e ample the deterpenization of peppermint increases the content of the possibly hazardous *etone menthone. 'n aromatherapy there is no necessity for this and it is imperative not to interfere with the natural balance of the essential oil. ?ome therapist purchase bergaptenCfree bergamot oil, as this constituent #a furanocourmarin$ can be responsible for phototo icity of the s*in in sunlight, but this is unnecessary.

Contaminants
%he ma"ority of essential oils are produced for use by the food and fragrance industries which, generally spea*ing, are not concerned whether or not fertilizers, pesticides or herbicides may be present in the oil. ?tewart #:22D p. /2$ says that herbicides, fungicides and pesticides are intrinsically to ic and inevitably end up as contaminants in the oils, directly affecting their efficay and safety. comemerial grade oils can present to ic effects as a result of adulteration, folding, strechting etc. to which they are sub"ected in order to haveE . ) standardized product which can be repeated at any time, which is impossible with naturally grown plantsE . ) product at a price comepatible with their mar*eting strategy #often meaning cheap$. For therapeutic use aromaterapists use only distilled essential oils and e pressed essences, although some occasionallly ma*e e ception to the rule by using "asmine absolute or benzoin.

Procurement of genuine, and authentic essential oils


<f the many factors involved in the safe use of therapeutic essential oils, not least is the specification of the oil itself. Fnowledge of factors such as where it is grown, whether it is cloned by cuttings or grown from seed, the plant variety, how it is grown #wild , organic, or with chemicals$, the part of the plant used and the chemotype is important for safe usage. %he overriding consideration must be consumer safety and to this end genuine, authentic oils must be procured. 3enuine in this case meaning of *nown plant origin and authentic meaning not Ego Ho r! In"# 0:;1<;10<1 : Chere $"Co% ICA

standardizedE note that the word natural does not necessairly mean unadulatered or safe. ?ome oils that are sold do NOT EXIST : Peru balsam from El Sal ador and tolu balsam are both standardized or synthesized in Europe ?andalwood from ?outh 'ndia #=ysore$ is not availabe yet continues to be sold. Gosewood oil from the )mazon is not availabe because the industry is finished . %he same situation e ist with Copaiba balsam. %ea %ree A there are three times more sold in the world than is produced in )ustralia; tea tree oil is a comparatively simple oil comeprising only about H2 compounds # cf. Ilang ylang, with about /:22$ and so it is easy to reconstruct; also the (natural( oil iis often (regulated( at the source. ?umatran Patchoulli may be relabelled =alaysian Patchouli. 7arreme lavender #a lavender high in linalyl acetate$ has not been produced for many years but unbelievably appears on some sales list. This is an excert from Aromatherapy for Health Professionals, 4th Edition 20 2, edited by !hirleyPrice and "en Price# $t is reprinted here with the permission of %h&rchill "i'in(ston Else'ier "td#

Purchasing Genuine ! "uthentic Oils

. Genuine, meaning that nothing is added to the essential oil and that it is pure, natural and comeplete. . Pure, hich specifies that no other essential oils or vegetable oils are present in the product. +n oil diluted ith vegetable oil, like grapeseed or canola, is generally easy to detect by its te"ture and its inability to evaporate. 6ften times, more e"pensive oils are stretched, or adulterated, using other oils. 4or e"ample bergamot )citrus bergamia* may be stretched using lemon )citrus limon),
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and lavender )Lavandula angustifolia* may be stretched ith lavandin )Lavandula x intermadia). .his type of stretching is much harder for the ine"perience aromatherapist to detect. . Natural, hich means that no synthetic ingredients are added to the essential oil. #erfume oils, even soHcalled natural perfume oils, may be diluted ith petrochemicals like mineral oils, propylene glycol, phthalates or other synthetics. .his should be easy enough to detect, but again, e"perience is important in the detection process. . comeplete, indicating that the oil has not been decolori9ed or deterpeni9ed. .he flavor and fragrance industry re=uires certain molecules )terpenes* and color to be e"tracted from natural oils. .his practice, not used in aromatherapy, may cause the oils to have less activity or to becomee irritants. . Authentic describes the source of the oil. +n essential oil used in aromatherapy should be clearly defined as coming from one plant of an identified botanical source. .he distillation should be from one specific plant and not a mi" of similar plants or plants that gro alongside the chosen path. 4inally, hen purchasing essential oils, you should kno their specific botanical origin. .his criterion tells you hich plant the oil is e"tracted from and is generally identified by genus and the species of the plant. +n oil labeled BchamomileC could be from Matricaria recutita, Anthemis nobilis, or Ormensis multicolis. !ach of these plants produces oils that have distinctly different properties. You ill avoid confusion by kno ing the correct botanical designation of the essential oil.

Bo+% S"r * Essential Oil A++iti;es )U2lifting,


(E$ON Citrus limon )(emon,! Famil%5 R ta"eae, o*taine+ from "ol+2ressing of fr it# Origin5 Ital% Fragran"e Chara"ter5 To2 Note! (emon%! mo+erate to high o+or intensit% Chara"teristi" "om2onents5
8onoterpenesA /imonene )F0E* <7pinene and =7pinene )hydrocarbons* +ldehydesA citral )IE* >oumarines )1E*

Uses )scrubs*
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#urifying aids in breaking do n cellulite, cleansing the tissues 8ood uplifting, improves mental alertness, memory sharpens the senses Disinfectant

.ro2erties )s"r *s,


+ntiHviral, antibacterial, antimelanistic )bro n skin spots, freckles*, antisclerotic )combats ageing process*, phlebotonic )varicose veins* Note5 /ike other citrus peels oils /emon oil is cold pressed. .he process of cold pressing presents no barrier for pesticides to reach the oil. It is therefore crucial that lemon oil, especially hen used come from 6rganic cultivation. Ca tion5 .his oil is phototo"ic therefore e"posure to sunlight is to be avoided for < hour after skin application.

SWEET ORAN&E Citrus Aurantium Var. Sinenis Per. )S-eet Orange,! Famil%5 R ta"eae, o*taine+ from "ol+ 2ressing of fr it an+ 2eel # Origin5 Ital%# Fragran"e Chara"ter5 To2 note! orange! lo- to mo+erate intensit% Chara"teristi" "om2onents5
8onoterpenesA limonene ):0E* +lcoholA linalool )IE* !stersA geranyl acetate, linalyl acetate )1E*

Uses )scrubs*
#urifying aids in breaking do n cellulite, 8ood uplifting, improves mental alertness, memory sharpens the senses, depression relief

%elives 2pasms

.ro2erties )s"r *s,


+ntibacterial, antidepressant, antifungal, antiHinflammatory Note5 /ike other citrus peels oils /emon oil is cold pressed. .he process of cold pressing presents no barrier for pesticides to reach the oil. It is therefore crucial that lemon oil, especially hen used come from 6rganic cultivation. Ca tion5 .his oil is phototo"ic therefore e"posure to sunlight is to be avoided for < hour after skin application.

Bo+% S"r * Essential Oil A++iti;es )Energi>ing,


EUCA(Y.TUS DI'ES Eucalyptus Dives Ct. Piperitenone fol., )E "al%2t s Di;es,! Famil%5 $%rta"eae, Distillation of the *ran"hes lea;es# Origin5 A stralia# Fragran"e Chara"ter5 To24$i++le note! fr it% ?e "al%2t s@ mo+erate o+or intensit% Chara"teristi" "om2onents5 8onoterpenesA LHphellandrene )30 E*
$etonesA piperitone )40E* +lcoholsA linalool

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Uses )scrubs*
%efreshing, energi9ing, reviving, improves mental clarity, improves circulation

.ro2erties )s"r *s,


+ntibacterial, antiHinfectious, antiviral

.E..ER$INT $ITCHA$ entha ! Piperita "ol., ).e22ermint,! Famil%5 (amia"eae, Distillation of the %o ng lea;es# Origin5 Fran"e# Fragran"e Chara"ter5 To2 an+ $i++le Note! mint! mo+erate to high o+or intensit% Chara"teristi" "om2onents5
+lcoholsA menthol, peperitol )4IE* $etonesA menthone, piperitone )1IE* 6"idesA <,@Hcineole, pipertoneHo"ide )M<0E*

Uses )scrubs*
/ack of concentration, muscle spasms, memory, refreshing, stimulant uplifting

.ro2erties )s"r *s,


+ntifungal. +ntiHinflammatory, antiseptic, antidepressant

Bo+% S"r * Essential Oil A++iti;es )Calming,


(A'ENDER! WI(D #avan$ula an%ustifolia &'. Vera) "los, &(a;en+er! Wil+,! Famil%5 (amia"eae, Distillation of the flo-ers# Origin5 Fran"e# Frangran"e Chara"ter5 $i++le note! floral! mo+erate o+or intensit% Chara"teristi" "om2onents5
!stersA linalyl acetate, lavendulyl acetate, gerayl acetate )NG0E* +coholsA linalool, borneol >oumarines )M30E* 6ver 100 active comepounds

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Uses )scrubs*
#urifyingA helps in the reduction of cellulite, rela"es the muscles, promotes restful sleep, balances mood s ings

.ro2erties )s"r *s,


Analgesic, antibacterial, antiHinflammatory, antiseptic, balancing, calming, sedative

HO.S

(umulus lupus )Ho2s,! Famil%5 Canna*ina"eae, Distillation of the 22er 2art of the 2lant#
Origin5 &erman% )Ba;aria,# Frangran"e Chara"ter5 $i++le to Base Note! ?-oo+%@! mo+erate o+or intensit%

Chara"teristi" "om2onents5
2es=uiterpenesA farnesene, O7caryophyllene, LHhumulene )G0E* !stersA geranyl acetate

Uses )scrubs*
>alming, promotes a restful sleep, releases cramps

.ro2erties )s"r *s,


antiHinflammatory, calmative, emollient, tran=uili9er, ?ops oil is one of the strongest sedative agents in aromatherapy.

Bo+% S"r * Essential Oil A++iti;es )S2irit al,


FRAN0INCENSE )os*ellia Carteri +es. Dist )Fran/in"ense,! Famil%5 Oli*an m! COA extra"tion of the resin# Origin Oman# Frangran"e Chara"ter5 Base! $i++le note! resino s! smo/e%! ?s2irit al@! mo+erate o+or intensit%

Chara"teristi" "om2onents5
8onoterpenesA a7pinene, limonen )30E* 2es=uiterpenesA aHgur&unene 2es=uiterpene +lcoholsA borneol, farnesol

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Uses )scrubs*
calming, rela"ing, mood uplifting cell regenerating

.ro2erties )s"r *s,


antibacterial, antidepressent, antio"idant, antiseptic, re&uvenator )skin*

$YRR comemiphora momol )$%rr,! Famil%5 B rsera"eae, COA extra"tion of the resin# Origin Oman# Frangran"e Chara"ter 5 Base! $i++le note resino s! earth%! ?s2irit al@! mo+erate o+or intensit%

Chara"teristi" "om2onents5
2es=uiterpenes )I0E*

Uses )scrubs*
8ood uplifting, healing to the skin, calming

.ro2erties )s"r *s,


antifungal, antiHinflammatory, antiseptic, re&uvenator )skin cells*, revitali9ing )skin*, sedative, tonifying

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>hoice of 3ody 2crubs !ssential 6ils )for mi"ing*

You can use either One !ssential oil or you can combine t-o !ssential 6ils )for clarification speak ith class instructor* to create the body scrub you ould like. Choi"es for to+a%s Class5 !nergi9ing P 4ocusA >offee P Danilla ) ith no !6's* /emon, 2 eet 6range, !ucalyptus Dives, #eppermint %efreshingA >ongestionA %ela"ingA ,ood nights sleepA 8ood upliftingA ,eneral ell beingA 8orning 2crubsA !vening 2crubsA 8editationA /emon, 2 eet 6range !ucalyptus Dives, #eppermint )this combination ill ake you up7* /avender, /avender, ?ops 4rankincense, 8yrr, /emon, 2 eet 6range /emon, 2 eet 6range, #eppermint, 4rankincense, 8yrr >offee P Danilla )no !6's*, /emon, 2 eet 6range, !ucalyptus Dives, #eppermint /avender, ?ops, 4rankincense, 8yrr 4rankincense, 8yrr

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&lossar%
as relate+ to essential oils A+ lteration the introduction of an inpurity that is either accidentally or more normally deliberately introduced into a product and that alters it comeposition and properties, making it of an inferior =uality. Al"ohols group of hydrocarbon comepounds fre=uently found in volatile oils Al+eh%+es class of organic comepounds standing bet een alohols and acids +nti*a"terial prevents the gro th of and kills bacteria. Antif ngal kills fungal infections Anti7inflammator% %educes inflammation Anti2hlogisti" counteracting inflammation or fever Antioxi+ant a natural or synthetic substance hich minimises the destuctive effect of free radicals e.g. vitamins > and !. Antise2ti" Inhibits the gro th of and kills bacteria. Anti;iral eakens and kills viruses.

Aroma"holog% science of the effects of aromas influencing emotions, feelings and behaviour via the nose;brain system Aromatolog% use of essential oils for their pharmacological properties Aromathera2% )one of the many definitions* the art and science of using essential oils derived from plants, flo ers, fruit, seeds, and oods for the health ellness of the body, mind, and spirit Astringent causing contraction of living tissues )often mucous membranes*, reducing haemorrhages, secretions, diarrhoea etc. Base note aromatic materials of lo volatility, giving an e"tended persistence of fragrance. Do not evaporate =uickly Calmati;e mildly sedative Carrier Oil nonHvolatile oil, plant oils consists of esters of fatty acids usually triglycerides. + vegetable, nut, or fruit oil in hich essential oils are diluted. >arrier oils are often selected for their individual healing properties. A(SO called 1fixe+ oil1 Chemot%2e visually identical plants ith significantly different chemical comeponents, resulting in different therapeutic properties( abreviated to ct, as in Thymus vulgaris ct. alcohol C tting a dilution or eakening of a substance. !ssential oils may have many additions to increase their volume such as alcohols, terpenes from other oils, and D#, )dipropylglycol* used for bulking up lavender. Ego Ho r! In"# 0:;1<;10<1 <F Chere $"Co% ICA

Deter2eni>e+ essential oils .he removal in part or hole of terpenes H resulting in an incomeplete !ssential 6il hich renders the oil useless for therapeutic use, and can cause the oil to become an irratant. Disinfe"tant kills infections and diseaseHproducing microHorganisms Emollient softens the skin and soothes inflamed and irritated tissues. Essential oil many definitions e"ist, referring to the odoriferous and volatile products from natural sources. 'sually e"tracted by e"pression or steam distillation from a single species, producing an essential oil that corresponds to that species in chemical comeposition and odour. Fixe+ oil nonHvolatile oil, plant oils consists of esters of fatty acids usually triglycerides. + vegetable, nut, or fruit oil in hich essential oils are diluted. >arrier oils are often selected for their individual healing properties. A(SO called 1"arrier oil1 H%+ro2hili" a substance is hydrophilic -hen it readily mi"es ith ater or aterlike li=uid such as alcohol. 0etones potentially neuro-toxic if ingested, mucolytic, promote cell regeneration, antiinflammative, antiphlogistic, stimulant )mug ort, .hu&a* (i2i+ generic name for all fats, oils and fatty substances( a fat or fatHlike substance insoluble in ater and soluble in organic solvents (i2o2hili" having strong affinity for lipids. + substance is lipophilic, hen it readily mi"es ith other oily or fatty substances $a"eration the e"traction of substances from a plant by steeping in a fi"ed oil $i++le Note a fragrance note of intermediate volatility and lasting po er, moderate evaporation rate. $onoter2ene H%+ro"ar*on stimulant, drying, strongly antiviral. Nat re i+enti"al oils a combination of synthetically produced chemicals, or chemicals e"tracted from cheap oils, made to imitate a genuine essential oil. 6 ing to the comple" and variable nature of natural essential oils, synthetics cannot hope to replicate their properties and are not suitable for aromatherapy. Note a classification for aromatic components of essential oils and perfumes. .op notes are sharp, penetrating and highly volatile )e.g. citrus oils, peppermint* evaporating =uickly. 8iddle note characteristics are used to give body to blends )e.g. geranium, lavender* and have a moderate evaporation rate . 3ase notes are the least volatile and used as fi"atives to give more permanence )e.g. sandal ood, vetivert*, they are more viscous oils have a deeper fragrance and have a slo evaportion rate. Organi" gro n ithout the use of chemical fertili9ers, pesticides etc. Oxi+es e"pectorant, antiviral .henols irritant, aggressive, antibacterial, antifungal, stimulant

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.hen%l2ro2anes! hot irritant, aggressive, stimulant, antiseptic .hen%l2ro2anes! soft strongly spasmolytic, influence the +utonomous -ervous 2ystem and digestive tract .hotosensiti>ation abormally increase sensitivity of the skin to ultraviolet radiation or natural sunlight( can follo ingestion or contact ith various substances .hototoxi"it% an e"cessive reaction to sunlight )or 'D light* caused by chemicals hen applied to the skin. .olarit%5 + molecular =uality, hereas lipophilicity is the =uality of macroscopic physical matter. + molecule is generally considered to be polar if it has centers of opposite partial electrical charges. i.e. a terpene alcohol ill concentrate a partial negative charge surrounding the o"ygen and a partial positive charge som here a ay from the o"ygen. #olar molecules make for hydrophilic substances. -on polar molecules make for lipophilic Re"tifi"ation the process hereby an essential oil is processed to removed un anted comeponents, e.g. by redistilling, deterpeni9ing. %ecertificated 6ils are not s ita*le for aromathera2%# SesB iter2ene h%+ro"ar*ons antiHinflammative, antiHphlogistic, antiHallergic SesB iter2ene al"ohols broad variation of properties )e.g. ,inger K stimulates digestion, #atchouli K antimycotic )antiHfungal* for skin, 2andal ood K urinary tract antiseptic, +tlas >edar K circulatory stimulant etc.* S/in irritation a reaction to an irritant that produces itchiness and inflammation. .he reactions of different individuals to a given potential irritant can vary, as there is a ide tolerance range. .he ma&ority of essential oils in aromatherapy used in the correct dilutions are perfectly safe, but potential irritants are usually used at a strength of <E or less S/in sensiti>ation .his differs from skin irritation in that, once the skin has reacted to the substance, upon subse=uent e"posure it ill be even more sensitive. .his is an e"ample of an allergic response as the immune system has reacted to produce antibodies. 'pon subse=uent e"posure, antibodies can be rapidly released again. S2asmol%ti" relieving convulsions, spasmodic pains and cramp S%nerg% increased effect of t o or more medicinal substances orking together Ter2ene Al"ohols mild, antimicrobial, antiviral, tissue firming, restores tonus in muscles and nerves Ter2ene Al+eh%+es sedative, antiHinflammative, more effective in lo er concentration, potentially irritating in higher concentrationTer2ene Esters balancing, sedative, spasmolytic, antifungal To2 Notes the most volatile ingredients of an essential oil or perfume. .he first smells perceived by the olfactory apparatus =uickest to evaporate. 'ariet% )botany* indicates a botanical rank bet een subspecies and forma( abreviated to var., as in itrus aurantium var. amara Ego Ho r! In"# 0:;1<;10<1 <: Chere $"Co% ICA

'olatile a volatile substance is capable of readily changing from a solid or li=uid to a vapour or gas. ,ives a basis for the concept of classification or aromatic comeponents into top )most volatile*, middle )intermediate volatility*, and base )least volatile* notes. 'sed as a noun to denote a volatile comepound or substance.

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