\

=
nRT
PV
z for all gases at low pressure
V=2Ht
P=530torr
N2
V=3liters
P=195torr
O2
closed
befor
e
open
P = ?
after
d) The compressibility factor of real gases in independent of temperature
29. Which of the following is correct under the same conditions of pressure and temperature?
a) H
2
gas diffuses four times faster than oxygen gas
b) H
2
gas diffuses 2.83 times faster than CH
4
gas
c) He escapes at a rate 2 times as fast methane does
d) He escapes at a rate 4 times as much as sulphurdioxide
30. Which of the following relationship is/are not true
a) Most probable velocity Cmp =
m
RT 2
b) KT pV
3
2
=
c) Compressibility factor
nRT
PV
z = d) Average kinetic energy of a gas =
2
1
kT
31. The RMS velocity an ideal gas in a closed container of fixed volume is increased from
5 10
4
cm/s to 10 10
4
cm/s. Which of the following statement correctly explains how the
changes is accomplished
a) By heating the gas, the temperature is decreased
b) By heating the gas, the pressure quadrupled
c) By heating the gas, the temperature is quadrupled
d) By heating the gas, the pressure is doubled
32. Rate of effusion of an ideal gas through a hole depends upon
a) the pressure of the gas b) the molecular weight of the gas
c) surface area of the hole d) shape of the hole
SECTION C
(COMPREHENSION TYPE)
Comprehension I
The figure given below shows three glass chambers that are connected by valves of negligible volume.
At the outset of an experiment the valves are closed and the chambers contain the gases as detailed in
the diagram. All the chambers are at the temperature of 300k and external pressure of 1.0 atm
Valve1
Valve2
N
2
0.82atm
He
0.0 atm
6.0L
A
10.0C
B
4.0L
C
He
4.1 atm
33. What will be the work done by N
2
gas when the valve2 is opened and valve1 remaining closed?
a) 8.2 atm b) 8.2 atm c) 0 d) 3.28 atm
34. Which of the following represents the total kinetic energy of all the gas molecules after both
valves are opened?
a) 2836.2J b) 3280.0J c) 4520.6J d) 4988.4J
35. Suppose that after both valves are opened the entire apparatus is cooled to lower temperature
the final internal pressure to 1.0atm what will be the contribution of N
2
gas to this final pressure
a) 0.4 atm b) 0.35 atm c) 0.3 atm d) 0.25 atm
Comprehension II
Vander Waals equation explains the behaviour of real gases under different conditions of temperature
and pressure. Gases obey ideal gas equation only at low pressure and high temperature. Thus these real
gases deviate from ideal behaviour and the extent of deviation is studied in terms of a quantity called
compressibility factor Z. Gases are said to behave ideally when z = 1, and undergo positive deviation
when z > 1 and undergo negative deviation when z <1, where z = PV / nRT.
At the same temperature and pressure the extent of deviation depends upon the nature of the gas.
Figure (a) shows the variation of z with pressure of different gases at constant temperature and figure
(b) shows the variation of z with pressure of a real gas at different temperatures.
36. A real gas is more compressible than an ideal gas. The compressibility factor (z) is
a) 1 b) > 1 c) < 1 d) o
37. Positive deviation from ideal behaviour takes place because of
a) molecular interaction between atoms 1 >
nRT
PV
N2
CO2
H2
He
CH4
Ideal gas
200 1000
P
Fig. (a)
z
223k
273k
373k
Ideal gas
Fig. (b)
z
T
b) molecular interaction between atoms 1 <
nRT
PV
c) finite size of atoms and 1 >
nRT
PV
d) finite size of atoms 1 <
nRT
PV
38. For which of the gases z is always greater than 1 at ordinary temperatures
a) CO
2
b) CH
4
c) N
2
d) H
2
SECTION D
(MATCHING TYPE)
39.
Column I Column  II
i
( ) RT
V
a
p b V =


.

\

2
o
A 22.4L
ii
av
N
R
B Kinetic equation for ideal gases
iii Molar volume C Equation for real gas
iv
PV =
3
1
mnc
2
D Boltoman constant
40.
Column I Column  II
i Vapor pressure of liquid A Vander Waals constant b
ii Co volume B PV / nRT
iii Compressibility factor C Universal gas constant
iv Work done (degree
1
mol
1
)
D Depends of T and nature of liquid
SECTION E
Subjective Questions
41. The molar volume of helium at 10.1325M Pa and 273 K is 0.011075 of its molar volume at
101.325k Pa at 273K. Calculate radius of helium atom.
42. At 273.15K and under a pressure of 10.132M Pa the compressibility factor of O
2
is 0.927. Calculate
the mass of O
2
necessary to fill a gas cylinder of 100 cm
3
capacity under the given conditions.
43. A certain amount of gas present in container of unknown volume shows a pressure of 750mm. A
small amount of gas is taken out and measured a volume of 2dm when expanded to 600mm.
The pressure of the gas remaining in the container was 700mm. Calculate volume of container if
all the measurement were done at same temperature.
44. Vander Waals constant b for N
2
and H
2
has the values 0.039L/mol and 0.0266 L/mol. The density
of solid N
2
in 1g/cc. Assuming the molecules in solid to be close packed with same % age void
calculate the density of solid H
2
(g/cc).
45. A gas at 250k and 15 atm has a molar volume 12% smaller than calculated from perfect gas
equation. Calculate Z and volume of gas. Which are dominating attractive or repulsive forces?
46. A mixture of Cs
2
and H
2
S when oxidized yields a mixture of CO
2
, SO
2
, H
2
O, (steam) which exerts a
pressure of 748.8mm in a 60L vessel at 327C. To oxidize SO
2
in the mixture 700mL of 2N I
2
were
required. Calculate mole fraction of Cs
2
is mixture.
47. Explain variation of Vander Waals constant in the following compounds
npentane isopentane
a. 19.01 18.05
b. 0.146 0.1417
48. Two flasks of equal volumes connected by a narrow tube of negligible volume at 300K contain
each 22.4 gm of oxygen gas at 0.5 atm pressure. One of the flasks is immersed in a
bath kept at 400K, while the other remains at 300K. Find the final pressure and number of moles
of O
2
in each flask.
49. n moles of oxygen when enclosed in a 2 liter bulb exert a pressure of 2.0 atm at T
0
C. On
introducing 0.1 mole nitrogen into same bulb, it became necessary to cool it to 0
0
C to maintain
the same pressure. Find the values of n and T.
50. 2 moles each of hydrogen and oxygen were filled in a balloon and a small hole is pierced. After
one hour, 0.4 mole of oxygen diffuse out. What will be the mole fraction of hydrogen in the
balloon? Temperature remains constant.
GASEOUS STATE
1) C 2) B 3) D 4) C 5) B
6) A 7) C 8) C 9) D 10) B
11) C 12) B 13) C 14) A 15) C
16) D 17) A 18) C 19) D 20) B
21) B 22) B 23) C 24) D 25) C
26) C 27) C 28) A,C 29) A,B,C,D 30) A,C
31) B,C 32) A,B,C 33) C 34) D 35) D
36) C 37) A 38) D 39) IC,IID,IIIA,IVB 40) I
D,IIA,IIIB,IVC
41) 267pm 42) V = 9774 dm
3
43) 3.9530 : 1.677:1 44) 24dm
3
45)
0.105
46) 0.8 47) 0.4 48) 1 49) 0.5714 atm, 0.6 mole at 400,
0.8 mole at 300
50) 1033 51)  52) 60.19 ml
1
g
53)
19 2
5 10 m
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