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Section: IPLCO

DAILY PRACTICE PAPER

TOPIC: SOLID STATE

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To make the crystal lattice structure MO2; metal ions are arranged as face centered cubic lattice. The oxide ions are arranged in all tetrahedral voids. The total number of ions present in unit cell is: (A) 3 (B) 6 (C) 12 (D) 10 Select the correct statements:(A) For CsCl unit cell (edge-length = a), rc + ra = (B) For NaCl unit cell (edge-length = ), rc + ra =
3 a 2
2

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(C) The void space in a b.c.c. unit cell is 0.68 (D) The void space % in a face-centered unit cell is 26%

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Addition of CdCl2 to AgCl yields solid solutions, where the divalent cations Cd+2 occupy the Ag+ sites which one of the following statements is true (A) The no. of cationic vacancies is one half of the no. of that of divalent ions added. (B) The no. of cationic vacancies is one half of the no. of that of divalent ions added. (C) The no. of anionic vacancies is equal in no. to that of divalent ions added. (D) No cationic or anionic vacancies are produced.

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Select the correct statement(s) (A) The C.N. of cation occupying a tetrahedral hole is 4 (B) The C.N. of cation occupying a octahedral hole is 6 (C) In Schotky defects, density of the lattice decreases. (D) In Frenkel defects, density of the lattice increases. Select the correct statement(s) (A) At high pressure, the co-ordination no. increases from 6:6 to 8:8 (B) At high pressure, the co-ordination no. decreases from 8:8 to 6:6 (C) At high temperature, co-ordination number decreases (D) AT 760K temperature, CsCl structure changes into NaCl.
Assertion : At high temperature all ferro and antiferromagnetic solids transform to

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paramagnetic state Reason : At high temperature, randomization of spins takes place in magnetically ordered Substances

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In BeO (Zinc Blende structure), Mg2 is introduced in available tetrahedral voids. Then ions are removed from a single body diagonal of the unit cell. What will be the molecular formula of the unit cell? In a crystal oxide ions are arranged in fcc and A+2 ions are at 1/8th of the tetrahedral voids, and ions B+3 occupied of the octahedral voids. Calculate the packing fraction of the crystal if O-2 of the removed from alternate corner and A+2 is being place at 2 of the corners. Analysis shows that nickel oxide has the formula Ni0.98O . What fractions of the nickel exist as Ni2 and Ni3 . A compound formed by elements X & Y, Crystallizes in the cubic structure, where X is at the corners of the cube and Y is at the six face centers. What is the formula of the compound? If side length is 5A, estimate the density of the solid assuming atomic weight of X and Y as 60 and 90 respectively. 5.35 g of a salt ACl (of weak base AOH) is dissolved in 250 ml of solution. The pH of the resultant solution was found to be 4.827. Find the ionic radius of A+ and Cl if ACl forms CsCl type crystal having 2.2 g/cm3. Given Kb (AOH) = 1.8 105 this cell unit
r r

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10.

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= 0.732 for

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An element crystallizes into a structure which may be described by a cubic type of unit cell having one atom in each corner of the cube and two atoms on one of its face diagonals. If the volume of this unit cell is 24 x 10-24cm3 and density of the element is 7.20gm/cm3, calculate no. of atoms present in 200gm of the element. Ice crystallizes in a hexagonal lattice. At the low temperature at which the structure was determined, the lattice constants were a = 4.35 , and b = 7.00 . How many molecules are contained in a unit cell? [density (ice) = 0.92 gm/cm3) Titanium crystallizes in a face centered cubic lattice. It reacts with C or H interstitially, by allowing atoms of these elements to occupy holes in the host lattice. Hydrogen occupies tetrahedral holes, but carbon occupies octahedral holes. a) Predict the formula of titanium hydride and titanium carbide formed by saturating the titanium lattice with either foreign element.

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b) What is the maximum ratio of foreign atom radius to host atom radius that can be tolerated in a tetrahedral hole without causing a strain in the host lattice? 15. In a crystal oxide ions are arranged in fcc and A+2 ions are at 1/8th of the tetrahedral voids, and ions B+3 occupied of the octahedral voids. Calculate the packing fraction of the crystal if O-2 of the removed from alternate corner and A+2 is being place at 2 of the corners. b) 5.35 g of a salt ACl (of weak base AOH) is dissolved in 250 ml of solution. The pH of the resultant solution was found to be 4.827. Find the ionic radius of A+ and Cl if ACl forms CsCl type crystal having 2.2 g/cm3. Given Kb(AOH) = 1.8 105 this cell unit.( Antilog of -4.827 = 1.4810-5) 16. 17. In corundum, oxide ions are arranged in h.c.p. array and the aluminum ions occupy two thirds of octahedral voids. What is the `formula of corundum? It is believed that non stoichiometric compound Fe0.93O forms by doping of Fe+3 ions in FeO crystal by replacement of Fe2+. Calculate total number of cationic vacancies in 0.1 mole of Fe0.93O and also calculate the total number of cationic vacancies if now all the Fe+2 ions are replaced by Si+4 ions is 0.1 mole of Fe0.93O.
r = 0.732 for r

Paragraph for Questions A spinel is an important class of oxides containing of two types of metal ions with the oxide ions arranged in CCP lattice. It has one-eight of the tetrahedral holes occupied by one type of metal ion and one half of the octahedral holes occupied by another type of metal ions. Such a spinel is formed by Zn2+, Al3+ and O2- with Zn2+ in the tetrahedral holes. 18. The formula of spinel is: (A) ZnAl2O4 (C) Zn3Al2O6

(B) Zn2Al2O4 (D) None of these

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The closest distance between Zn2+ ions and O2 ions is: 3a 3a (A) (B) 4 2 a 2a (C) (D) 2 2

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The tetrahedral void is formed by (A) two O2- ions and two Al3+ ions (B) four Al3+ ions (C) four O2- ions, three of which are present at the centers of three adjoining faces and one at the common corner formed by these faces. (D) Three Al3+ ions and one O2 ion.

PASSAGE II: Solids may be classified basing on electrical conductivity as conductors, semiconductors and insulators. To improve the conductivity of pure silicon and germanium, they are doped with impurities which results in p-type ad n-type semiconductors.

Based on the response of electron and atomic magnetic dipoles, on application of an external magnetic field, solids are classified into different categories of magnetic materials.

In some crystals, there may be some permanent dipoles. These may align themselves in an ordered manner such that there is a net dipole moment in the crystal. These crystals exhibit piezo electricity. In some crystals, the dipoles are permanently lined up and the direction of polarization can be changed by applying an electric field. These crystals are said to be ferroelectric. The crystal in which there is no net dipole moment is said to be anti ferroelectric.

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p-type semiconductor can be realized when silicon crystals are doped with a) P b) As c) Ga d) Sb

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Among the following identify a ferrimagnetic substance. a) CrO2 b) MnO c) TiO2 d) Cu Fe2O4

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Among the following, the piezoelectric crystals that are classified as ferroelectric solids are i) PbZrO3 a) Only i, ii and iii c) only i, ii, and iv ii) KH 2 PO4 iii) BaTiO3 b) only ii, iii and iv d) only iii and iv iv) Rochelle salt

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SECTION A
A) Graphite B) Starch C) Dry ice D) BaSO4

SECTION B
P) Crystalline Q) Amorphous R) Layer structure S) Isotropic

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SECTION A
A) NaCl B) ZnO C) Fe0.92O D) AgCl

SECTION B
P) Schottky defect Q) Stoichiometric defect R) Point defect S) Non- Stoichiometric defect

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SECTION A
A) SC

SECTION B
P) ) Z = 4; r

a 2 2

B) BCC C) FCC D) HCP

Q) Z = 2; r

3a 4

R) Z = 1; r = a/2 S) Z = 6; r = a/2