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Section: IPLCO


TOPIC: SURFACE CHEMISTRY 1. A gold sol contains 0.193 g of gold per dm3. The particles are spherical in shape with radius of 120 nm. How many particles are present in 10-14 m3 of the sol? What is the interfacial area of the gold particles in 1m3 of the sol? The density of gold is 19.3 gcm-3.
3 A soap C17 H35COONa solution becomes a colloidal sol at a concentration of1.2 10 M . On the


average, 2.4 10 colloidal particles are present in 1 mm3. What is the average number of stearate ions in one colloidal particle (micelle)?


One gram of a water-insoluble substance of density 0.8 g cm-3 is dispersed in 2 litre of water, leading to the formation of a colloidal sol containing 1013 particles of spherical shape per mm3. Determine the radius of the particle. A gold sol contains 0.24 g of gold per litre. When 10-1 m2 sample was examined under an ultra microscope, on an average, 12 particles could be counted. Calculate the particle sizes if these are assumed to be spherical and the density of gold is 19.3 g cm-3. A mercury sol has been prepared by dispersing 0.272 g of mercury in 2 L of solution, giving spherical particles of radius 12 nm. What is the total surface are of Hg particles present in 1 cm3 of sol? The radius of a water molecule, assuming a spherical shape, is approximately 1.40. Assume that water molecules cluster around each metal ion in a solution such that the water molecules essentially touch both the metal ion and each other. On this basis, and assuming that 4, 6, 8 and 12 are the only possible coordination numbers, find the maximum number of water molecules that can hydrate each of the following ions (A) Mg 2+ radius0.65




(B) Al 3 0.50

(C) Rb 1.48

(D) Sr 2 1.13


The coagulation of 100 mL of a colloidal solution of gold is completely prevented by adding 0.25 g of starch to it before adding 10 mL of 10% NaCl solution. Find out the gold number of starch. For the coagulation of 100 mL of arsenious sulphide solution. 5 mL of 1 M NaCl is required. What is the coagulating power of NaCl? The flocculation value of BaCl2 for negative silver iodide sol is 2.43. How many ml of 0.2 M BaCl2 will be sufficient to start coagulation of 400 ml of sol?




Gold number of starch is 25. How much of it is required to prevent coagulation of 100 mL of gold sol adding 10 mL of 10% NaCl solution? The particles of a particular colloidal solution of arsenic trisulphide ( As2 S3 ) are negatively charged. Which 0.0005 M solution of the following salts would be most effective in coagulating this colloidal solution, KCl, MgCl2 , AlCl3 or Na3 PO4 ? Explain.



A sample of charcoal weighing 6 g was brought into contact with a gas contained in a vessel of one litre capacity at 27 C . The pressure of the gas was found to fall from 700 to 400 mm of Hg. Calculate the volume of the gas (reduced to STP) that is absorbed per gram of the absorbent under the condition of the experiment (density of charcoal sample is 1.5 g cm3 ).


2 2 1 gm of active charcoal is taken and its surface area is 3.0110 m / gm . It absorbs 100ml of 0.5 M

CH 3COOH in a single layer. After absorption, its molarity becomes 0.49M. Find the surface area of
the charcoal covered by one molecule of acetic acid. 14. The coagulation of 100 cm of gold solution is completely prevented by addition of 0.25g of starch to it before adding 10 ml of 10% NaCl solution. The gold number of starch is a) 0.025 15. b) 0.25 c) 2.5 d) 25

For the coagulation of 100 mL of As2 S3 sol, 5 mL of 1 M NaCl is required. The flocculation value of NaCl is a) 50 b) 5 c) 47.6 b) is insoluble in water d) is easy to synthesize c) Fe(OH )3 sol d) All of these d) None of these


Silver iodide is used for producing artificial rains because silver iodide a) is easy to spray at high altitude c) Has crystal structure similar to ice


Gelatin protects a) Gold sol b) As2 S3 sol


The gold numbers of four protective colloids O, P, Q and R are 0.005, 0.01, 0.1 and 0.5 respectively. The decreasing order of their protective power is a) R, Q, P, O b) O, P, Q, R c) R, Q, R, O d) Q, R, O, P A sol has positively charged colloidal particles. Which of the following solutions is require in lowest concentration for coagulation?


a) NaCl 20.

b) K 4 [ Fe(CN )6 ]

c) ZnCl2

d) Na2 SO4

The protective power of lyophilic sol is a) dependent on the size of colloidal particles b) expressed in terms of gold number c) expressed by x/m d) directly proportional to the magnitude of charge on it.


Lyophilic sols are more stable than lyophobic sols because a) The colloidal particles have positive charge. b) The colloidal particles have negative charge. c) The colloidal particles are solvated. d) There are strong electrostatic repulsions between the negatively charged colloidal particles.


An arsenious sulphide solution carries a negative charge. The maximum precipitating power of this sol is possessed by a) K 2 SO4 b) CaCl2 c) Na3 PO4 d) AlCl3


A colloidal solution is subjected to an electrical field. The particles move towards anode. The coagulation of same sol is studied using NaCl, BaCl2 and AlCl3 solutions. Their coagulating power should be a) NaCl BaCl2 AlCl3 c) AlCl3 BaCl2 NaCl b) BaCl2 AlCl3 NaCl d) BaCl2 NaCl AlCl3 b) Foam Mist d) Solid sol Cake


Which one of the following is correctly matched? a) Emulsion Curd c) Aerosol Smoke


Peptisation is a process of a) Precipitation of colloidal particles. b) Purification of colloids. c) dispersing precipitate into colloidal particles in the electric field. d) movement of colloidal particles in the electric field.
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