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Bayer CropScience








Copy Claims Reviewers:

This copy will be for the site in a Frequently Asked Questions section.

1. What is Prosaro fungicide? Prosaro fungicide is a combination of two active ingredients, each of which has a proven track record of performance against cereal diseases. It helps maximize yield and profit potential via broad-spectrum disease control in wheat and barley, arresting both leaf and head diseases. This spectrum of control includes powerful activity against scab (Fusarium head blight). If left untreated, the presence of scab can reduce yields and lead to high levels of deoxynivalenol (DON). The presence of DON can reduce grain quality, which ultimately reduces a growers profitability. Application of Prosaro fungicide can help protect profits by protecting grain quality and yield. 2. How does Prosaro work? Prosaro fungicide inhibits the ability of fungi to produce important components of cell membranes, leading to cell disruption and eventual death of the pathogen. In this manner Prosaro provides broad-spectrum disease control to help maximize yield and prot potential in wheat and barley, protecting your crop from both head and leaf diseases. Prosaro stops the penetration of the pathogen into the plant and stops the spread of infection within the plant. As a result, Prosaro inhibits the reproduction and further growth of fungus. 3. What diseases does Prosaro control? As outlined in the following table, most major leaf and head diseases are controlled by timely applications of Prosaro. Perhaps most notable is the proven activity of Prosaro against scab in wheat and barley. Control of this disease is vital to preserving the quality of the grainwhich ultimately helps maximize growers profits. WHEAT DISEASES Fusarium head blight (scab) Leaf, stem and stripe rusts Septoria leaf spot Glume blotch Tan spot Powdery mildew BARLEY DISEASES Fusarium head blight (scab) suppression Net blotch Powdery mildew Rusts Spot blotch

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4. How do scab and DON levels affect wheat? DON is a mycotoxin that can be produced in wheat and barley grain infected by scab. Also known as Fusarium head blight, scab may infect grain heads when moist conditions occur during the flowering and grain-filling stages of plant development. Wheat and barley that have been infected with scab will still produce grain, but they may be small, lightweight and discolored. They also risk the chance of carrying unacceptable levels of the DON mycotoxin. This means they may not be acceptable for purchase. Prosaro fungicide can help protect wheat and barley grain from the damaging effects of scab and DON.

5. How does Prosaro help increase profitability? Prosaro fungicide can help protect wheat and barley grain from the damaging effects of scab and DON. The result is higher yield and improved grain quality, which translate into profit for the grower. The federal government regulates acceptable DON threshold levels in wheat. Millers may pay a premium for high-quality grain with low DON levels, as they face restrictions on how lower-quality wheat can be consumed. As DON levels increase, there are fewer options for which the wheat can be used, and millers pay less for such grain. In extreme cases, they may not accept the grain at all. The following table illustrates federal guidelines on how wheat can be used, based on the presence of DON as measured in parts per million. DON Parts Per Million (PPM) Regulatory Classification/Description 1 ppm Finished wheat products, such as flour, bran and germ that potentially may be consumed by humans. 5 ppm Grains and grain byproducts destined for swine, providing that these ingredients do not exceed 20 percent of the diet. Grains and grain byproducts destined for all other animals, providing that these ingredients do not exceed 40 percent of the diet. Grains and grain byproducts destined for ruminating beef and feedlot cattle older than 4 months and for poultry, providing that these ingredients do not exceed 50 percent of the diet.

5 ppm

10 ppm

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Field trials demonstrate that Prosaro reduces DON levels in wheat and barley, while helping the grain achieve its maximum yield potential. These field trials are summarized below:

<Caption for charts> In replicated research trials, the broad-spectrum performance of Prosaro increases yield and helps preserve grain quality. 6. How is Prosaro different than strobilurin chemistry? Strobilurins applied after flag leaf emergence may allow DON levels to increase. Prosaro, on the other hand, controls scab, which lowers levels of DON. Prosaro, a fungicide with two active ingredients, can control all the diseases controlled by strobilurin chemistries with the added benefit of helping to manage DON levels.

7. Why should I believe Prosaro works? Confidence is critical for selecting the appropriate fungicide, and growers are confident in Prosaro. It has been rigorously tested in the United States and abroad. It is the most-used product in the United States for scab protection, and it is the standard scab fungicide in European countries where it is registered for use.

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8. When should Prosaro be applied? The best conditions for wheat and barley growth and yield potential are also ripe for disease developmentthat is, warm, humid weather. Use Prosaro to reduce the risk of infection and protect the yield and quality potential that already exists in the crop. Apply Prosaro at the optimal timing for wheatearly flowering (Feekes growth stage 10.51) and before scab symptoms are visiblefor the best performance. Optimal Prosaro application timing for barley is at head emergence. The broad-spectrum activity of Prosaro will protect the flag leaf, while holding back head diseases. Even when scab is not present, Prosaro does an excellent job protecting against all other major leaf and grain head diseases Prosaro is rainfast within two hours of application or until fully dry on the leaf surface.

9. What do I do if I have early disease pressure? There are situations in which the pressure of various diseases becomes apparent early in the seasonbefore the crop reaches flag leaf stage. Important examples are powdery mildew and stripe rust. Fusarium head blight, or scab, is not yet a threat to grain quality in these early stages. In this situation, growers can make an early season application of Stratego YLD fungicide, followed by an application of Prosaro at flag leaf stage or later.

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