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PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

Present perfect continuous describes temporary situations that began in the past and have asted up to the present as !e as incomp ete actions that started in the past and are sti in progress" #ou have been waiting here for t!o hours" Have you been waiting here for t!o hours$ #ou have not been waiting here for t!o hours"

Form% Present Perfect Continuous is formed !ith have/has + been + present participle" Use &'% ( temporary situation that began in the past and asts up to the present" Un i)e regu ar Present Perfect !hich is used for constant events* Present Perfect Continuous events are temporary" + I have been standing here for an hour" This action has started some!here in the past and is sti in progress" + She has been working in that company for , years" The spea)er states that the action is on y temporary- her !or) in the company is on y temporary"

Use &.% (n incomp ete action that started in the past and is sti in progress" + I have been doing my home!or) since . o/c oc)" 0eaning% 1e started doing his home!or) some!here in the past and is sti doing it no!"

(22ITION(3 USES
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'4 This type of Present Perfect Continuous can a so be used to e5press habitua actions% + I have been smoking since I !as '6" .4 Present Perfect Continuous can be used to emphasi7e the action% + 8e have been working rea y hard for a coup e of months" ,4 ( so* Present Perfect Continuous can be used for actions that happened in a not so distant past !hich bear conse9uences that can be seen or fe t" + It/s !et* It has been raining + Have you been cooking$ :4 PPC sentences can a so be used to ta ) about an action !hich ended ;ust before the Present" + I have been swimming" That/s !hy my hair is !et"

The Present Perfect Continuous can a so be used WITHOUT duration such as <for t!o !ee)s"< 8ithout the duration* the tense has a more genera meaning of < ate y"< 8e often use the !ords < ate y< or <recent y< to emphasi7e this meaning" + Recent y* I have been feeling rea y tired" + 3isa has not been practicing her Eng ish ate y + She has been watching too much te evision ate y Note% '" =erbs that e5press a state >for e5amp e% love, like, know, have"""4 are not found in the Present Perfect Continuous" ." =erbs that have the idea of a ong time >for e5amp e% wait, work, learn, travel, play?4 can be found in the Present Perfect Continuous" @I have been playing tennis since I !as a boy@" =erbs that don/t have the idea of a ong time >for e5amp e% find* start* buy* die* ose* brea)* stop?4 are unusua to be found in Present Perfect Continuous" @I have bought a ne! dress@"
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@0y radio has bro)en@ " ," 8hen the sentence gives us a number or a 9uantity !e can/t use Present Perfect Continuous" 8e can on y use Present Perfect Simp e in such cases" 8rong% @I have been writing three etters today@ Correct% @I have !ritten three etters todayA

!"ivalents in #erbian$ 8hen trans ated in Serbian Present Perfect Continuous forms have either present >pre7ent4 or perfect form% %& 'resent ('re)ent* I have been playing the guitar since I !as B" Sviram gitaru od osme godine" I have been living in Sa y/s f at for the ast month" Civim u Sa inom stanu vec mesec dana" I have been waiting for an hour" Ce)am vec sat vremena" +& 'erfekat There/s some strange sme " Have you been cooking$ Ovde se oseti cudan miris" Desi i si )uva a$ Somebody has been sleeping in my bed" Ne)o ;e spavao u mom )revetu" #our eyes are red" Have you been crying$ Oci su ti crvene" 2a i si p a)a a"