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Questions

Question 1
Animation: Semiconductor diode junction

This question consists of a series of images (one per page) that form an animation. Flip the pages with
your fingers to view this animation (or click on the ”next” button on your viewer) frame-by-frame.

The following animation illustrates the behavior of charge carriers inside a semiconductor diode junction.

1
P N

Conduction band

Conduction band

Ef Ef

Valence band

Valence band

0V

2
P N

Conduction band

Conduction band

Ef Ef

Valence band

Valence band

0V

3
P N

Conduction band

Conduction band

Ef Ef

Valence band

Valence band

0.1 V

4
P N

Conduction band

Conduction band

Ef Ef

Valence band

Valence band

0.1 V

5
P N

Conduction band

Conduction band

Ef
Ef

Valence band

Valence band

0.2 V

6
P N

Conduction band

Conduction band

Ef
Ef

Valence band

Valence band

0.2 V

7
P N

Conduction band

Conduction band

Ef
Ef

Valence band

Valence band

0.3 V

8
P N

Conduction band

Conduction band

Ef
Ef

Valence band

Valence band

0.3 V

9
P N

Conduction band
Conduction band

Ef
Ef

Valence band
Valence band

0.4 V

10
P N

Conduction band
Conduction band

Ef
Ef

Valence band
Valence band

0.4 V

11
P N

Conduction band
Conduction band

Ef
Ef

Valence band
Valence band

0.5 V

12
P N

Conduction band
Conduction band

Ef
Ef

Valence band
Valence band

0.5 V

13
P N

Conduction band
Conduction band

Ef

Ef

Valence band
Valence band

0.6 V

14
P N

Conduction band
Conduction band

Ef

Ef

Valence band
Valence band

0.6 V

15
P N

Conduction band Conduction band

Ef

Ef

Valence band Valence band

0.7 V

16
P N

Conduction band Conduction band

Ef

Ef

Valence band Valence band

0.7 V

17
P N

Conduction band Conduction band

Ef

Ef

Valence band Valence band

0.7 V

18
P N

Conduction band Conduction band

Ef

Ef

Valence band Valence band

0.7 V

19
P N

Conduction band Conduction band

Ef

Ef

Valence band Valence band

0.7 V

20
P N

Conduction band Conduction band

Ef

Ef

Valence band Valence band

0.7 V

21
P N

Conduction band Conduction band

Ef

Ef

Valence band Valence band

0.7 V

22
P N

Conduction band Conduction band

Ef

Ef

Valence band Valence band

0.7 V

23
P N

Conduction band Conduction band

Ef

Ef

Valence band Valence band

0.7 V

24
P N

Conduction band Conduction band

Ef

Ef

Valence band Valence band

0.7 V

file 03809

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Answers
Answer 1
Nothing to note here.

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Notes
Notes 1
The purpose of this animation is to let students see the actions of charge carriers inside a semiconductor
PN junction.

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