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Which of the following statements concerning a patient who received electrical burns to his hand after grabbing a live wire is true? a. The burning will continue for hours, perhaps days. b. The patient will remain an electrocution hazard to rescuers for several minutes after being removed from the source of electricity. c. The extent of tissue damage may be much greater than it appears on the surface. d. Inhalation of gases is dangerous. nswer! c "b#ective! 1$%& 'eference! &($ ). *our patient is a +&%year%old woman who spilled a cup of hot coffee on herself two hours ago. n area on her right thigh that is about twice the size of the palm of her hand is red and painful but has no blisters. Which of the following actions would be appropriate for an ",- Technician to ta.e? a. b. c. d. pply a lotion containing a topical anesthetic and aloe vera. pply a dry sterile dressing. pply an antibiotic ointment. pply a plastic bag full of ice to the s.in of the affected area.

nswer! b "b#ective! 1$%+ 'eference! &$) +. *our patient is a /0%year%old man who was burned when he spilled gasoline on his pants while he was standing near the pilot light of his hot%water heater. 1e has partial thic.ness burns from his feet to #ust above his .nees, circumferentially around both legs. ccording to the 'ules of 2ines, the man burned 3333 of his body surface. a. b. c. d. $ percent /.& percent +4 percent 1( percent

nswer! d "b#ective! 1$%4 'eference! &($5&$0 /. Which of the following patients should be cared for in a burn center? a. 14%year%old female who has a )%inch wide full%thic.ness burn on her leg from coming in contact with a motorcycle exhaust pipe b. +0%year%old woman who has deep partial%thic.ness burns on her hand and arm as a result of spilling hot coo.ing oil on herself

c.

1)%year%old boy with a superficial partial%thic.ness burn on his forearm as a result of ma.ing a torch by lighting aerosol from a can of hairspray d. /&%year%old man who has a full%thic.ness burn about + inches long by 6 inch wide on his posterior arm from bac.ing into a barbecue grill nswer! b "b#ective! 1$%+ 'eference! &$0 &. Which of the following sentences best describes a partial%thic.ness burn? a. b. c. d. The s.in is red and moist, and blisters have formed. The s.in is charred or blac.ened and lac.s sensation. The s.in is red, but dry and painful. The s.in is white and dry with no sensation of pain.

nswer! a "b#ective! 1$%+ 'eference! &(4 4. *our patient is a 10%year%old boy who was exposed to a dry chemical powder and is complaining of severe pain at the site of contact on both of his hands. There is no decontamination shower on site. Which of the following actions would be the best way to manage this situation? a. 7rush away as much of the powder as possible and then have the patient hold his hands under running water from a faucet or garden hose. b. 1ave the fire department connect to a hydrant and spray the patient down from head to toe. c. 7rush away as much powder as possible and then pour a bottle of sterile saline solution over the patient8s hands. d. 7rush away the powder and then bandage the patient8s hands in a position of function. nswer! a "b#ective! 1$%9 'eference! &$/ 9. *our patient is a )&%year%old man who has a reddened area with blisters across the palm of his hand after grabbing the handle of a very hot iron s.illet. Which of the following actions must be avoided in the prehospital management of this wound? a. pplying a dry, sterile dressing b. -ooling the burn with cool water c. pplying an antibiotic ointment d. ,levating the wound above the level of the heart nswer! c "b#ective! 1$%9

'eference! &$) (. burn extending into the subcutaneous layer would be classified as a! a. b. c. d. deep partial%thic.ness burn. superficial burn. superficial partial%thic.ness burn. full%thic.ness burn.

nswer! d "b#ective! 1$%+ 'eference! &(4 $. The largest organ of the human body is the! a. b. c. d. large intestine. liver. small intestine. s.in.

nswer! d 'eference! &9$5&(0 "b#ective! :upplemental 10. The top two layers of the s.in are the! a. b. c. d. epidermis and the dermis. subcutaneous and the dermis. epidermis and the cortex. epidermis and the folic.

nswer! a "b#ective! :upplemental 'eference! &(1 11. Thermal burns! a. b. c. d. are the least common type of burns. are the most common type of burns. result from tanning beds. result from exposure to ;amma radiation.

nswer! b "b#ective! 1$%1 'eference! &(1 1). -hemical burns result from exposure to!

a. b. c. d.

molten tar. steam. hot light bulbs. caustic substances.

nswer! d "b#ective! 1$%1 'eference! &() 1+. The most serious chemical burns could result from exposure to a solution with a p1 of! a. b. c. d. 9. $. 4. 1+.

nswer! d "b#ective! 1$%1 'eference! &() 1/. ,lectrical in#uries produce severe external and internal in#uries because! a. the s.in is a poor conductor with a high resistance, and blood vessels are good conductors with low resistance. b. both the s.in and blood vessels are good conductors with low resistance. c. the s.in is a good conductor with a high resistance, and blood vessels are good conductors with low resistance. d. s.in is a poor conductor with a low resistance, and blood vessels are good conductors with low resistance. nswer! a "b#ective! 1$%1 'eference! &(+ 1&. Thermal burns result from! a. b. c. d. transmitted ;amma radiation. direct contact between a heat source and the s.in. indirect contact between a heat source and the s.in. a chemical reaction stimulated by a heat source.

nswer! b "b#ective! 1$%1 'eference! &(1 14. Which of the following substances cause the most serious chemical burns? a. n acid with a p1 of 1

b. c. d.

chemical with a p1 of 9 n al.aline chemical or base with a p1 of ( n acid with a p1 of 4

nswer! a "b#ective! 1$%1 'eference! &() 19. When treating electrical burns, ",- Technicians should always! a. b. c. d. use moist dressings. use antibiotic ointments. loo. for internal in#uries. use a topical ointment on the s.in.

nswer! c "b#ective! 1$%9 'eference! &(+ 1(. Three types of natural radiation are! a. b. c. d. alpha, beta, and gamma. alpha, delta, and gamma. beta, delta, and gamma. alpha, beta, and delta.

nswer! a "b#ective! :upplemental 'eference! &(/ 1$. 1oarseness or voice changes in a burn patient should alert an ",- Technician that the! a. b. c. d. patient may be extremely anxious about the in#ury. heat source may have extended internally into the airway. patient should be treated as a pediatric patient. patient has altered mental status.

nswer! b "b#ective! 1$%/ 'eference! &(( )0. lternating current<current that pulses 40 times per second<is more dangerous than direct current because the pulses! a. cause external in#uries. b. produce higher amperage. c. create higher voltage.

d. can cause the victim to remain in physical contact with the source of the current for a longer time. nswer! d "b#ective! 1$%& 'eference! &(+ )1. ccording to the 'ule of 2ines, the percentages of total body surface area that are ta.en up by the heads =front and bac.> of adults and children are! a. b. c. d. $ percent and 1( percent, respectively. /.& percent and $ percent, respectively. 1( percent and +4 percent, respectively. the same.

nswer! a "b#ective! 1$%4 'eference! &($5&$0 )). nother simple method for estimating the total percentage of area burned is the 333333 approach. a. b. c. d. fist three%finger palm ruler

nswer! c "b#ective! 1$%4 'eference! &$0 )+. When treating a patient exposed to strong acids or bases, which of the following devices offers the least protection to an ",- Technician? a. face shield b. n apron c. ;oggles d. ,xam gloves nswer! d "b#ective! 1$%9 'eference! &$1 )/. In treating a burn patient, you should cool and irrigate the burned tissue with! a. room%temperature tap water for 1& minutes. b. chilled tap water for & minutes. c. tap water warmed to 10) degrees ? for 1& minutes.

d. tap water warmed to $& degrees ? for 10 minutes. nswer! a "b#ective! 1$%9 'eference! &$), &$/ )&. When treating a patient burned by a dry chemical, it is important to brush away any dry residue before flushing with water because! a. b. c. d. flushing will expose other areas around the burn. some dry chemicals are activated by water. a containment area needs to be set up to catch the runoff water. flushing will cause the s.in8s pores to open.

nswer! b "b#ective! 1$%9 'eference! &$/