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EAST

THE COUNCIL OF STATE GOVERNMENTS | 2014

THE BOOK OF THE STATES 2014 Facts & Figures
STATE GOVERNMENT EMPLOYMENT
National Analysis »
The Great Recession had an unprecedented effect on state and local government employment: From a peak level of employment in 2008 to its lowest point in July 2013, state governments lost more than 150,000 jobs. Since July 2013, however, state government employment job losses have leveled off, and 35,000 jobs were added between July and November 2013. `` In November 2013, state governments employed about 5.1 million people. Rhode Island had the fewest state government employees—16,218, while California had the most—479,254. `` State government employees made up 3.7 percent of total, nonfarm employment in 2013, but that percentage varies across states, from 2.5 percent in Illinois and 2.7 percent in Florida to 11.8 percent in Hawaii and 7.8 percent in Alaska. `` On a per capita basis2, there were 1.7 state government employees for every 100 residents nationally in 2013, but that rate ranged from 1.1 employees for every 100 residents in Florida and Illinois to 5.1 in Hawaii and 3.5 in Alaska.

The importance of government employment to the local labor market varies by state.1
`` In November 2013, federal, state and local governments employed 21.8 million employees, which make up 16 percent of total, nonfarm employment. `` The share of total employment that government employees make up has remained fairly stable over the past 50 years, ranging from a low of 15.7 percent in 1999 to a high of 19.4 percent in 1975. `` The majority of government employees—64 percent—work for local government, while state employees make up 23 percent and federal employees make up 12 percent.

The Great Recession had a negative impact on state government employment; for more than three years, state government employment contracted. Employment levels are now beginning to recover.
`` State government employment reached a peak level in the middle of the Great Recession, hitting just above 5.2 million employees in August 2008. From a peak level of employment in 2008 to its lowest point in July 2013, state governments lost more than 150,000 jobs.

Source: Barnett, W.S., Carolan, M.E., Fitzgerald, J., & Squires, J.H. “The State of Preschool 2012: State Preschool Yearbook,” National Institute for Early Education Research, 2013. http://nieer.org/publications/state-preschool-2012

FOR MORE INFORMATION VISIT WWW.CSG.ORG/BOOKOFTHESTATES

 A PRODUCT OF CAPITOL RESEARCH

MIDWEST

THE COUNCIL OF STATE GOVERNMENTS | 2014

THE BOOK OF THE STATES 2014 Facts & Figures
STATE GOVERNMENT EMPLOYMENT
National Analysis »
The Great Recession had an unprecedented effect on state and local government employment: From a peak level of employment in 2008 to its lowest point in July 2013, state governments lost more than 150,000 jobs. Since July 2013, however, state government employment job losses have leveled off, and 35,000 jobs were added between July and November 2013. `` In November 2013, state governments employed about 5.1 million people. Rhode Island had the fewest state government employees—16,218, while California had the most—479,254. `` State government employees made up 3.7 percent of total, nonfarm employment in 2013, but that percentage varies across states, from 2.5 percent in Illinois and 2.7 percent in Florida to 11.8 percent in Hawaii and 7.8 percent in Alaska. `` On a per capita basis2, there were 1.7 state government employees for every 100 residents nationally in 2013, but that rate ranged from 1.1 employees for every 100 residents in Florida and Illinois to 5.1 in Hawaii and 3.5 in Alaska.

The importance of government employment to the local labor market varies by state.1
`` In November 2013, federal, state and local governments employed 21.8 million employees, which make up 16 percent of total, nonfarm employment. `` The share of total employment that government employees make up has remained fairly stable over the past 50 years, ranging from a low of 15.7 percent in 1999 to a high of 19.4 percent in 1975. `` The majority of government employees—64 percent—work for local government, while state employees make up 23 percent and federal employees make up 12 percent.

The Great Recession had a negative impact on state government employment; for more than three years, state government employment contracted. Employment levels are now beginning to recover.
`` State government employment reached a peak level in the middle of the Great Recession, hitting just above 5.2 million employees in August 2008. From a peak level of employment in 2008 to its lowest point in July 2013, state governments lost more than 150,000 jobs.

FOR MORE INFORMATION VISIT WWW.CSG.ORG/BOOKOFTHESTATES

 A PRODUCT OF CAPITOL RESEARCH

SOUTH

THE COUNCIL OF STATE GOVERNMENTS | 2014

THE BOOK OF THE STATES 2014 Facts & Figures
STATE GOVERNMENT EMPLOYMENT
National Analysis »
The Great Recession had an unprecedented effect on state and local government employment: From a peak level of employment in 2008 to its lowest point in July 2013, state governments lost more than 150,000 jobs. Since July 2013, however, state government employment job losses have leveled off, and 35,000 jobs were added between July and November 2013. `` In November 2013, state governments employed about 5.1 million people. Rhode Island had the fewest state government employees—16,218, while California had the most—479,254. `` State government employees made up 3.7 percent of total, nonfarm employment in 2013, but that percentage varies across states, from 2.5 percent in Illinois and 2.7 percent in Florida to 11.8 percent in Hawaii and 7.8 percent in Alaska. `` On a per capita basis2, there were 1.7 state government employees for every 100 residents nationally in 2013, but that rate ranged from 1.1 employees for every 100 residents in Florida and Illinois to 5.1 in Hawaii and 3.5 in Alaska.

The importance of government employment to the local labor market varies by state.1
`` In November 2013, federal, state and local governments employed 21.8 million employees, which make up 16 percent of total, nonfarm employment. `` The share of total employment that government employees make up has remained fairly stable over the past 50 years, ranging from a low of 15.7 percent in 1999 to a high of 19.4 percent in 1975. `` The majority of government employees—64 percent—work for local government, while state employees make up 23 percent and federal employees make up 12 percent.

The Great Recession had a negative impact on state government employment; for more than three years, state government employment contracted. Employment levels are now beginning to recover.
`` State government employment reached a peak level in the middle of the Great Recession, hitting just above 5.2 million employees in August 2008. From a peak level of employment in 2008 to its lowest point in July 2013, state governments lost more than 150,000 jobs.

FOR MORE INFORMATION VISIT WWW.CSG.ORG/BOOKOFTHESTATES

 A PRODUCT OF CAPITOL RESEARCH

WEST

THE COUNCIL OF STATE GOVERNMENTS | 2014

THE BOOK OF THE STATES 2014 Facts & Figures
STATE GOVERNMENT EMPLOYMENT
National Analysis »
The Great Recession had an unprecedented effect on state and local government employment: From a peak level of employment in 2008 to its lowest point in July 2013, state governments lost more than 150,000 jobs. Since July 2013, however, state government employment job losses have leveled off, and 35,000 jobs were added between July and November 2013. `` In November 2013, state governments employed about 5.1 million people. Rhode Island had the fewest state government employees—16,218, while California had the most—479,254. `` State government employees made up 3.7 percent of total, nonfarm employment in 2013, but that percentage varies across states, from 2.5 percent in Illinois and 2.7 percent in Florida to 11.8 percent in Hawaii and 7.8 percent in Alaska. `` On a per capita basis2, there were 1.7 state government employees for every 100 residents nationally in 2013, but that rate ranged from 1.1 employees for every 100 residents in Florida and Illinois to 5.1 in Hawaii and 3.5 in Alaska.

The importance of government employment to the local labor market varies by state.1
`` In November 2013, federal, state and local governments employed 21.8 million employees, which make up 16 percent of total, nonfarm employment. `` The share of total employment that government employees make up has remained fairly stable over the past 50 years, ranging from a low of 15.7 percent in 1999 to a high of 19.4 percent in 1975. `` The majority of government employees—64 percent—work for local government, while state employees make up 23 percent and federal employees make up 12 percent.

The Great Recession had a negative impact on state government employment; for more than three years, state government employment contracted. Employment levels are now beginning to recover.
`` State government employment reached a peak level in the middle of the Great Recession, hitting just above 5.2 million employees in August 2008. From a peak level of employment in 2008 to its lowest point in July 2013, state governments lost more than 150,000 jobs.

FOR MORE INFORMATION VISIT WWW.CSG.ORG/BOOKOFTHESTATES

 A PRODUCT OF CAPITOL RESEARCH

`` Since July 2013, however, state government employment job losses have leveled off, and 35,000 jobs were added between July and November 2013. `` From 2008 to 2013, Louisiana shed the largest percentage of state government employment—12.7 percent, followed by Alabama, which shed 6.5 percent.

`` Across the 13 states in CSG’s Eastern region, there were 1,230,509 state employees in 2013. `` State government employment makes up the largest percentage of total employment in CSG’s Southern and Western regions, each

Regional Analysis »

with 4.1 percent, while the Midwestern region comes in third with 3.6 percent of total employment. The Eastern region has the smallest percentage—3.4 percent. `` As a percent of total regional employment, state government employment makes up the largest chunk in Hawaii—7.8 percent, while it makes up the smallest chunk in Nevada—3.2 percent. `` From 2008 to 2013, six states in the region—Arizona, California, Hawaii, Idaho, New Mexico and Washington—saw state government employment decrease, with the largest declines occurring in Idaho (5.2 percent) and Arizona (4.1 percent). The remaining seven states in the region saw employment increase, with the largest gains occurring in Montana (12.7 percent) and Colorado (12.2 percent).

23%
federal
GOVERNment employment

STATE

64%

local

12%

GOVERNment employment

16%

total employment

84%

REFERENCES
1 2

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, State and Area Employment, Hours, and Earnings, seasonally adjusted, http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/dsrv Includes only state government workers and resident population across the 50 states.

 A PRODUCT OF CAPITOL RESEARCH

STATE GOVERNMENT EMPLOYMENT »
Percent Change2 20131 2008-2013 2012-2013 Percent of Total Employment3 3.7 -2.5 -0.7 -6.1 2.6 9.0 0.4 -5.6 -3.3 -1.3 -1.0 -3.7 -2.2 0.7 -0.2 -3.8 4.4 0.3 5.0 7.3 -2.8 3.6 -5.4 -6.5 5.3 -3.5 -5.6 12.6 -12.7 0.0 -6.2 -0.4 2.5 -1.6 -3.0 0.8 3.3 10.7 4.2 -4.1 -2.4 12.2 -3.3 -5.2 12.7 1.6 -1.5 5.0 3.4 -1.5 6.3 2.0 -0.9 -2.4 -0.1 2.2 2.0 0.1 -0.8 0.8 1.3 0.7 -0.5 2.0 0.9 -1.4 0.4 -0.4 -0.1 0.7 -0.9 0.8 2.4 -2.6 0.8 -1.1 -1.1 2.7 -3.0 0.5 -0.6 0.5 -0.3 -0.9 -0.7 0.9 0.7 2.5 -0.7 2.2 -0.5 1.8 -1.3 -0.9 5.3 6.1 0.7 0.4 -3.5 1.8 -0.5 4.1 7.4 4.4 4.3 3.9 3.9 3.7 2.9 2.8 3.5 5.7 2.5 4.0 4.4 3.7 4.4 3.6 4.2 5.6 3.1 4.4 3.5 5.5 6.5 2.7 4.3 6.1 5.2 5.4 3.7 5.1 5.3 5.2 3.5 3.3 4.2 6.7 7.8 3.4 3.3 4.2 11.8 4.4 6.5 3.2 7.3 4.8 5.2 5.1 5.9 1.9 3.4 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.5 2.8 1.1 1.8 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.2 3.4 1.4 2.2 1.7 2.1 2.6 1.1 1.7 2.5 2.2 2.0 1.7 2.1 2.2 2.1 1.5 1.4 1.9 2.8 3.5 1.3 1.3 1.9 5.1 1.8 2.8 1.4 2.8 2.0 2.3 2.2 2.9 Number per 100 population4

THE COUNCIL OF STATE GOVERNMENTS

5,051,000 EAST REGION Connecticut Delaware Maine Maryland Massachusetts* New Hampshire New Jersey New York Pennsylvania* Rhode Island Vermont* MIDWEST REGION Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota* Nebraska North Dakota Ohio South Dakota Wisconsin* SOUTH REGION Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Mississippi Missouri North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West Virginia WEST REGION Alaska Arizona California Colorado Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington Wyoming 68,445 31,655 26,264 112,191 128,173 25,073 145,482 253,891 160,400 16,218 17,445 147,000 116,836 66,636 51,445 180,936 99,355 41,145 24,918 161,000 18,518 98,309 103,473 76,636 206,418 173,191 111,300 100,909 60,764 100,600 208,700 86,136 98,582 95,564 364,391 159,218 51,618 26,045 86,245 479,255 98,509 72,164 28,355 28,918 37,791 58,764 80,464 66,545 150,382 17,073

Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, State and Area Employment, Hours, and Earnings, seasonally adjusted, http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/dsrv 1 Monthly average employment calculated by author, January 2013 November 2013 2 Percent change in monthly average employment calculated by author 3 Percent of total nonfarm employment, seasonally adjusted 4 Calculated using U.S. Census Bureau 2013 state and national population estimates, http://www.census.gov/popest/

Jennifer Burnett, CSG Program Manager, Fiscal andServices Economic Development Policy | jburnett@csg.org Research and Special Projects | jburnett@csg.org

 AA PRODUCT PRODUCT OF OF CAPITOL CAPITOL RESEARCH RESEARCH