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Scope and Sequence ii iii Scope and Sequence

Scope and Sequence
LANGUAGE I NPUT SKI LLS DEVELOPMENT
Unit GRAMMAR VocAbUlARy EVERydAy EnGlish
1 Hello!
page 2
am/are/is, my/your
I’m Mario.
My name’s Yuka.
What’s your name? p. 2
This is ...
This is Ben.
Nice to meet you. p. 3
How are you?
How are you? Fine, thanks.
Good, thanks. p. 4
What’s this in English?
It’s a photograph./a computer, a camera, a bag p. 6
Numbers 1–10 and plurals
three houses nine students p. 7
Good morning!
Good-bye!
What a nice day!
See you later!
A cup of tea, please.
Have a nice day.
Good night! p. 5
Speaking
Introductions pp. 2–3
Good morning!
Practicing conversations p. 5
2 Your world
page 8
he/she/they, his/her
He’s from the United States.
Her name’s Kim. p. 9
They’re on vacation. p. 12
Questions
What’s his name? Where’s she from? p. 9
Countries
Brazil, China, Mexico p. 8
Adjectives
awful, really good, fantastic, beautiful p. 12
Nouns
center, hospital, building, park p. 12
Numbers 11–30
fifteen
twenty-one p. 13
Reading and speaking
Where are they from?
Two people on vacation in New York p. 12
3 All about you
page 14
am/are/is
We’re all singers. p. 16
Negatives
She isn’t a nurse. p. 14
I’m not from Canada. p. 16
They aren’t waiters. p. 16
Questions and Short answers
What’s her address? How old is she?
Is she married? p. 15
Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t.
Jobs
a police officer, a nurse p. 14
Personal information
last name, first name, address,
phone number, married p. 15
Social expressions 1
I’m sorry.
That’s OK.
Excuse me!
I don’t understand.
I don’t know. p. 19
Reading and listening
We’re in Las Vegas!
An interview with the band Metro 5 p. 18
Role play
In a band
4 Family and friends
page 20
Possessive adjectives
my, your, our, their p. 20
Possessive ’s
Annie’s husband Jim’s office p. 20
has/have
I have a small hotel. She has a job.
We have three sons. p. 23
Adjective + noun
a small hotel a big house a good job p. 23
The family
mother, son, wife, … p. 21
Describing a friend
very beautiful, really funny,
a lot of friends, her favorite music p. 24
The alphabet
a, b, c ...
Howdo you spell ...? p. 26
On the phone.
Good morning. Laxcon International.
The manager, please.
Sam Jackson speaking. p. 27
Saying e-mail addresses
pambowler@gmail.com p. 27
Reading and writing
My best friend
A description of a friend p. 24
Listening
Who are they?
Listen and identify the people p. 21, p. 25
5 The way I live
page 28
Present Simple I/you/we/they
I like ice cream. I don’t like tennis.
Do you like basketball? p. 29
Where do you work? Do you live in Denver? p. 30
In Brazil they speak Portuguese. p. 32
a and an
a waiter, an actor, an Italian restaurant p. 30
Adjective + noun
an American car, Spanish oranges p. 33
Sports/food/drinks
tennis, swimming, hamburgers, oranges
coffee, juice, water p. 28
Adjectives
exciting, delicious, great p. 29
Verbs
live, work, come, play, speak, want p. 30
Languages and nationalities
Chinese, Japanese p. 32
How much is it?
Numbers 1–100
30, 40, 50 ... p. 35
Prices
75¢ $1.60 $20 $100
How much is ...? p. 35
Listening
Four conversations
Where is Colin? Who is he with?
Listening and speaking
At a party
Two people meet and talk p. 34
6 Every day
page 36
Present Simple he/she
He gets up at 6:00. p. 38
She lives in a small house. p. 40
Questions and negatives
What time does he have breakfast?
He doesn’t live in London. p. 39
Adverbs of frequency
He always works late. He never goes out. p. 38
The time
It’s nine o’clock. What time is it? p. 36
Verbs with nouns
have breakfast leave school get home p. 37
Verbs and Nouns
cook, listen, play eggs, toast, beach p. 40
Words that go together
get up early, watch TV p. 42
Days of the week
Monday, Tuesday ...
today, tomorrow
Prepositions of time
on Sunday
at nine o’clock
in the morning p. 43
Speaking
Lifestyle questionnaire
Do you get up early?
Do you go shopping on the weekend? p. 42
7 My favorites
page 44
Question words
who, where, why, how p. 44
Pronouns
Subject/Object/Possessive
I/me/my we/us/our they/them/ their p. 45
this and that
I like this cheese. Who’s that? p. 46
Adjectives
great, terrible p. 48
comfortable, friendly p. 49
Opposite adjectives
new/old, big/small p. 48
Places
train station, drugstore p. 51
Can I ...?
Can I have a round-trip ticket?
Can I try on this sweater, please? p. 50
Reading and writing
A postcard from Seattle
A vacation postcard p. 49
Role play
Conversations in town p. 51
Scope and Sequence iv v Scope and Sequence
LANGUAGE I NPUT SKI LLS DEVELOPMENT
Unit GRAMMAR VocAbUlARy EVERydAy EnGlish
8 Where I live
page 52
There is/are …
There’s an old sofa.
Are there any armchairs?
There are some books. p. 53
Prepositions
in, on, under, next to p. 54
Rooms and furniture
living room, bedroom
stove, sofa p. 52
In and out of town
mountain, beach, swimming, fishing, sailing p. 56
post office, coffee shop, bank p. 59
Directions
Turn right.
Go straight ahead.
Is there a ... near here? p. 59
Reading
Vancouver–the best city in the world
What to do and where to go p. 56
Listening and writing
My home town-Steve talks about living in Vancouver
Write about a town you know p. 58
9 Times past
page 60
was/were born
When were you born?
I was born in 1996. p. 61
Past Simple – irregular verbs
went, came, saw
She went shopping. p. 64
Saying years
2010, 1996 p. 60
People and jobs
singer, politician, artist p. 62
Irregular verbs and have, do, go
had, made, bought p. 64
have lunch, do homework, go shopping p. 66
When’s your birthday?
Months
January, February … p. 67
Ordinal numbers
first, fifth, tenth … p. 67
Saying dates
April sixth p. 67
Listening and speaking
Maggie Davis
Maggie talks about her family
Talk about your family p. 61
Reading and Speaking
It’s a Jackson Pollock!-An American woman finds a famous painting
Telling a story from pictures p. 64
10 We had a great time!
page 68
Past Simple – regular and irregular
played, got, watched, did p. 68
Questions
What did you do?
Did you go out? p. 69
Negatives
They didn’t go to work. p. 69
ago
I went to New York ten years ago. p. 74
Weekend activities
go to the movies, have dinner, see your friends p. 71
Time expressions
at 8 o’clock, on Monday, last night p. 71
Sports and leisure
tennis, skiing, ice hockey p. 72
play or go?
play tennis, go skiing p. 72
Seasons
winter, summer p. 73
Making conversation – showing interest
Really? Oh! Good! Mmm! p. 71
Going sightseeing
Can I have a map of the town?
We want to go on a bus tour.
How much is it to get in? p. 75
Speaking
Did you have a good weekend?
A questionnaire p. 70
Listening and speaking
Jack and Millie’s vacation
A couple talk about their vacations p. 73
Asking about vacations p. 73
Speaking and writing
My last vacation-What is your favorite kind of vacation?
Where did you go on your last vacation? p. 74
11 I can do that!
page 76
can/can’t
He can speak Chinese. I can’t draw.
Can she run fast? p. 76
Adverbs
I can cook a little bit. I can’t cook at all.
really well, fluently p. 78
Requests and offers
Can you tell me the time? Can I help you? p. 79
Verbs
draw, run, drive, use a computer p. 76
Verb + noun
listen to the radio chat with friends p. 76
Adjective + noun
fast car, busy city, dangerous sport p. 82
Opposite adjectives
dangerous/safe, old/modern, old/young p. 82
Everyday problems
I can’t get on the Internet!
I’m lost!
This machine doesn’t work!
Turn everything off … p. 83
Reading and listening
The Internet
What can you do on the Internet? p. 80
Six people talk about what they do on the Internet p. 81
12 Please and thank
you
page 84
I’d like ...
I’d like some roast beef.
How much would you like? p. 84
some and any
I’d like some cheese. Do you have any Swiss Cheese?
I don’t have any apple juice. p. 85
like and would like
I like soda. I like going to the movies.
I’d like to go out. p. 87
Shopping
bread, milk, fruit, shampoo, cheese, conditioner p. 84
Food
cereal, salad, pasta, fish p. 88
In a restaurant
menu, starter, dessert,
soup, steak, mixed salad p. 90
Role play
Ordering in a restaurant
Are you ready to order? p. 90
Role play
Making offers to guests
Would you like a drink? What would you like?
Would you like to watch the game? p. 85
Signs all around
Where can you see these signs?
No entry
Push
Line starts here p. 91
Listening
Conversations with Adam p. 85
Birthday wishes
What people want on their birthday p. 86
Reading and speaking
You are what you eat
People from different parts of the world describe what they eat
Discussion–what is a good diet? p. 88
13 Here and now
page 92
Present Continuous
She’s wearing a T-shirt.
What’s he doing? p. 93
Present Simple and Present Continuous
He lives in New York.
They’re staying in a hotel. p. 94
Colors
blue, red, green p. 92
Clothes
jacket, pants, shoes and socks p. 92
Opposite verbs
buy/sell, love/hate, open/close p. 98
What’s the matter?
I’m tired/thirsty/bored.
She has a headache/a cold.
Why don’t you ...?
That’s a good idea. p. 99
Reading and listening
This week is different
Colin, a millionaire, gives money to
homeless teenagers p. 96
Conversations with Colin p. 97
14 It’s time to go!
page 100
Future plans
They’re going on vacation.
Which countries are you going to visit?
I’m leaving on Tuesday.
What are you doing this evening? p. 100
Review
Question words–when, where, who, how p. 102
Tenses–present, past, and future tenses p. 106
Correct the mistakes p.106
Complete the sentences p. 106
Transportation
travel by bus, motorcycle, plane p. 100
Review
Words that go together
pay bills, menu/waiter
Which word is different?
train bus bridge
Pronunciation
Two and three syllables – married vegetable
Words that rhyme – some/come p. 103
Social expressions 2
Good luck on the exam!
Don’t worry!
It doesn’t matter!
That’s so nice of you!
Thanks for everything!
It was a pleasure. p. 107
Reading and speaking
Life’s big events
Three people talk about their past, present, and future p. 104
A mini autobiography
I was born in ...
I grew up in ...
I’m studying ...
I want to be a ...
I’m going to ... p. 105
Audio Scripts p. 108 Word List p. 126 Grammar Reference p. 119 Extra Materials p. 132 Phonetic Symbols p. 135 Irregular Verbs and Verb Patterns p. 134
Scope and Sequence ii iii Scope and Sequence
Scope and Sequence
LANGUAGE I NPUT SKI LLS DEVELOPMENT
Unit LangUage FocUs VocabULary eVeryday engLish reading speaking Listening Writing
1 Hello everybody!
page 2
Verb to be
am/is/are
I’m from Toronto. p. 2
He’s a student. p. 5
Possessive adjectives
my, your, his, her p. 2, p. 4
Countries
Mexico, Japan p. 4
Using a bilingual dictionary p. 6
Everyday objects
a key, a newspaper p. 6
Plural nouns
bags, apples p. 6
Hello and good-bye
Telephone numbers p. 7
How are you?
See you later! p. 7
Svetlana and Tiago p. 5 Introducing yourself p. 3 The alphabet song p. 6 Introducing yourself p. 5
2 Meeting people
page 8
Verb to be
Questions and negatives
What’s her first name? p. 8
She isn’t married. p. 9
Negatives and short answers
No, she isn’t. p. 9
Possessive ’s
Patrick’s daughter p. 10
Family
mother, uncle p. 10
Opposite adjectives
old–young p. 12
Food and drink
hamburger and fries,
tea, coffee p. 14
In a cafe
Prices p. 14
Can I have … ?
How much is … ? p. 15
An e-mail from the U.S. p. 12 Talking about you p. 9
Your family p. 11
An e-mail from the U.S. –
Where is So-young? p. 12
Write about your class p. 12
3 The world of work
page 16
Present Simple 1
he/she/it p. 16
She works 16 hours a day. p. 17
Questions and negatives
Does he speak Spanish? He doesn’t
speak Spanish or French. p. 18
Verbs
help, make, deliver p. 20
Jobs
A pilot flies planes. p. 22
What time is it?
It’s a quarter after five.
It’s just after six o’clock.
p. 23
Seamus McSporran – the man
with twelve jobs! p. 20
Asking about a friend or relative
p. 19
Seamus’s day p. 21 Natural writing
Using pronouns p. 94
4 Take it easy!
page 24
Present Simple 2
I/you/we/they
I go to the gym.
I don’t go out after work.
Why do you like your job? p. 25
Verbs
relax, go out, play p. 25
Leisure activities
dancing, skiing p. 26
Social expressions
I’m sorry.
Excuse me? p. 31
My favorite season p. 28 Leisure activities p. 26
What’s your favorite season?
p. 28
A questionnaire – Do you have
a healthy lifestyle? p. 30
My favorite season –
Where are they? p. 28
Informal letters
To a pen pal p. 95
stop and check 1 teacher’ s book p. 127
5 Where do you live?
page 32
There is/are
There’s a television. p. 32
How many … ?
How many books are there? p. 32
Prepositions of place
in front of the sofa p. 33
some and any
There are some cups.
There aren’t any glasses. p. 34
this, that, these, those
This is the kitchen.
What’s in these cabinets? p. 38
Rooms
living room, kitchen p. 32
Things in the house
armchair, lamp, cabinets,
washing machine p. 32
What’s in your bag?
bus ticket, cell phone, keys p. 35
Places
movie theater, cafe p. 39
Directions 1
Is there a post office near
here?
Yes, it’s over there. p. 39
The White House p. 36 What’s in your picture? p. 33
Talking about where you live p. 38
What’s in Yoshi’s briefcase? p. 35
Homes around the world p. 38
Describing where you live
Linking words and, so,
but, because p. 96
6 Can you speak
English?
page 40
can/can’t
She can walk now.
We can’t write. p. 40
was/were
Where were you yesterday? p. 42
could
I could swim when I was five. p. 42
was born
She was born in England. p. 43
Countries and languages
France, French p. 40
Verbs
translate, check, laugh p. 41
Words that sound the same
I, eye; no, know p. 46
On the phone
Directory Assistance
p. 46
Can I speak to Jo, please?
I’ll get her. p. 47
Young and talented p. 44 A questionnaire – What can
you do? p. 41
What can computers do? p. 41
Role play – interview p. 44
Lucia can’t cook p. 41 Formal letters
Applying for a job p. 97
Scope and Sequence iv v Scope and Sequence
LANGUAGE I NPUT SKI LLS DEVELOPMENT
Unit LangUage FocUs VocabULary eVeryday engLish reading speaking Listening Writing
7 Then and now
page 48
Past Simple 1
Regular verbs
She talked to interesting people. p. 48
Irregular verbs
His father got a job in New York. p. 50
Time expressions
last night
yesterday morning p. 57
Verbs
earn, talk, study p. 49
Verbs
get, leave, become p. 50
Words that go together
drive a car, train station p. 54
What’s the date?
the first of April p. 55
Two famous firsts – Amelia
Earhart and Yuri Gagarin p. 52
The year I was born p. 50
When did it happen? p. 51
1989 – the year I was born p. 50
Where are the people? p. 54
Describing a vacation p. 98
8 A date to remember
page 56
Past Simple 2
negatives – ago
People didn’t drive cars 100 years
ago. p. 56
Time expressions
at seven o’clock, on Saturday, in 2002
p. 57
Relationships
fall in love, get engaged p. 60
Spelling and silent letters
answer, thought p. 59
Phonetic symbols
/w@rk/ /"lis@n/ p. 59
Special occasions
Thanksgiving
Happy Birthday! p. 61
Three inventions p. 58 Getting information – Famous
inventions p. 56
Did you know that? p. 58
How did you two meet? p. 60
Three inventions p. 58
How did you two meet? p. 60
Writing about a friend
Linking words because, when,
until p. 99
stop and check 2 teacher’ s book p. 129
9 Food you like!
page 62
Count and noncount nouns
apples, apple juice p. 62
I like … ? I’d like … ?
Do you like tea? Would you like some
tea? p. 63
a and some
a cake, some cake p. 64
much and many
There isn’t much milk.
There aren’t many eggs. p. 64
Food and drink
chocolate, pizza, cheese, apple
juice p. 62
chopsticks, noodles, fish p. 67
Polite offers and requests
Could you pass the salt,
please?
Could I have a glass of
water, please?
Can you give me the recipe?
Can I see the menu? p. 69
Food around the world p. 66 Food you like p. 62
Role play – shopping p. 65
Meals in your country p. 66
My favorite national food p. 68 Filling out forms
Booking a hotel p. 100
10 Looking good!
page 70
Present Continuous
I’m wearing blue jeans.
Who is smiling? p. 70
Whose is it?
Whose dog is this? p. 72
Possessive pronouns
mine, yours, hers p. 72
Clothes
hat, coat, shirt p. 70
Describing people
blonde hair, blue eyes p. 70
Describing feelings
bored, worried p. 76
In a clothing store
What color are you looking
for?
Can I try it on? p. 77
“Flying Without Wings” (song
lyrics) p. 74
Describing a person/scene p. 71
Getting information – Who’s at
the wedding? p. 72
My favorite things p. 75
Who’s at the wedding? p. 72
A song—“Flying Without Wings”
p. 74
Describing people
Linking words although, but
p. 101
11 Life’s an adventure!
page 78
going to
I’m going to be a soccer player. p. 78
Comparatives and superlatives
The country is cheaper than the city.
p. 80
Bati Island is the most expensive resort.
p. 81
The weather
sunny, cloudy
What’s the weather like? p. 84
Making suggestions
What should we do?
Let’s go swimming! p. 85
Born free p. 82 Dangerous sports p. 82
Interviews p. 82
World weather p. 84
Future plans p. 78 Writing a postcard p. 102
12 Have you ever?
page 86
Present Perfect
ever and never
Have you ever been to Barcelona?
She’s never been to Paris. p. 86
yet and just
We haven’t been there yet.
They just went on a boat ride. p. 88
Present Perfect and Past Simple
Maria’s been to Seoul.
She went there two years ago. p. 87
Past participles
eaten, made, cooked p. 87
City and country words
woods, museum p. 92
At the airport
check in your luggage
go to gate 4 p. 93
We’ve never learned to drive!
p. 90
Cities you have been to p. 87
Things you have done p. 88
What has Ryan done? p. 88
A honeymoon in Venice p. 88
Writing an e-mail
Saying thank you p. 103
stop and check 3 teacher’ s book p. 131
Audio Scripts p. 104 Pairwork Activities Student A p. 123 Student B p. 125 Grammar Reference p. 113 Word List p. 127 Phonetic Symbols p. 134 Irregular Verbs and Verb Patterns p. 133
Scope and Sequence ii iii Scope and Sequence
Scope and Sequence
LANGUAGE I NPUT SKI LLS DEVELOPMENT
Unit GRAMMAR VocAbUlARy EVERydAy EnGlish REAdinG listEninG spEAkinG WRitinG
1 Getting to know you
page 2
Tenses
Present, past, future p. 2
Questions
Where were you born?
What do you do? p. 2
Question words
Who … ?, Why … ?, How much … ?
p. 3
Using a bilingual dictionary p. 8
Parts of speech
adjective, preposition p. 8
Words with more than one
meaning
I’m reading a good book.
I booked my flight online.
p. 8
Phonetic symbols p. 8
Social expressions 1
Have a good weekend!
Same to you. p. 9
Music of English – stress and
intonation in sentences p. 9
“Blind Date” – a magazine article
about the search for the perfect
partner p. 6
“Best friends” – four people talk
about their closest friends p. 5
Exchanging information –
Dr. Mary Steiner p. 4
Discussion – best friends p. 5
Discussion – blind dates p. 7
Describing friends – Correcting
common mistakes p. 98
2 The way we live
page 10
Present tenses
Present Simple
She lives in a roomwith 14 other women.
p. 10
Present Continuous
What are you doing these days? p. 11
Collocations
Daily life
have breakfast
text your friends p. 13
Making conversation 1
Asking questions
Showing that you’re
interested
p. 17
Music of English – highs and
lows p. 17
“Tales of two cities” – two people
talk about their two homes in
different countries (jigsaw)
p. 14
“A 24/7 society” – a radio
program about night workers
p. 16
Exchanging information –
people’s lifestyles p. 12
Describing your favorite room
p. 13
Discussion – living abroad p. 14
Discussion – working at night
p. 16
An e-mail – Linking words
but, although, however, so,
because p. 99
3 What happened
next?
page 18
Past tenses
Past Simple
He looked around.
What did you do last night? p. 18
Past Continuous
He was living with his mother. p. 20
Past forms
looked, ran, went p. 19
Making connections
lose/find, break/fix p. 19
Adverbs
quietly, suddenly, slowly, still,
again p. 24
Time expressions
October eleventh
the eleventh of October
at six o’clock, on Saturday,
in 1989 p. 25
Music of English – word
linking p. 25
“The name’s Bond, James Bond”
– an extract from The Man
with the Golden Gun p. 22
An extract from The Man With
The Golden Gun p. 22
Telling stories
fortunately/unfortunately p. 21
Exchanging information – a
teenager goes on a spending
spree p. 21
Telling a story – Position of
adverbs and adjectives p. 100
4 The marketplace
page 26
Quantity
much and many
How much milk?
How many eggs? p. 26
some and any
some apples
There aren’t any bananas. p. 27
a few, a little, a lot/lots of
a few carrots, a little juice, lots of potato
chips p. 27
something, someone, somewhere p. 28
Articles
a soccer ball, an old Learjet, the world
You can buy stamps. p. 28
Food
milk, eggs, potatoes, a loaf of
bread p. 26
Bathroom objects
shampoo, a tube of toothpaste,
towels p. 28
Shopping
drugstore, post office, a T-shirt,
envelopes, aspirin p. 32
Music of English – sounding polite
p. 32
Prices
£1.99
$1.50
What’s the exchange rate?
How much is a liter of gas?
p. 33
“Markets around the world”
– Bangkok, Provence, and
Marrakech (jigsaw) p. 30
“I bought it on eBay!” – three
people talk about things they
have bought on eBay p. 29
Conversations in different kinds
of stores p. 32
Information exchange – find the
differences p. 28
Discussion – talking about
markets p. 30
Group work – shopping in your
town p. 32
A postcard – Synonyms in
writing p. 101
5 What do you want
to do?
page 34
Verb patterns
want/hope to do
enjoy/like doing
looking forward to doing
’d like to do p. 34
Future intentions
going to, will, and Present Continuous for
future
She’s going to travel around Mexico.
I’ll give you a ride.
What are you doing tonight? p. 36
-ed/-ing adjectives
I was really frightened.
That’s so annoying. p. 40
How are you feeling?
nervous, fed up
Cheer up! p. 41
Music of English – intonation
in exclamations p. 41
“Brat camp” – where
parents send their
out-of-control teenagers p. 38
A song – “The Voice Within”
p. 37
Role play – What are you doing
tonight? p. 37
Talking about problems and
advice p. 37
Discussion – teenagers and
parents p. 38
Talking about books, movies and
TV programs p. 40
Filling out a form p. 102
6 Places and things
page 42
What … like?
What’s hip-hop music like? p. 42
Comparative and superlative adjectives
big, bigger, biggest
interesting, more interesting, most
interesting
good, better, best p. 43
as …as p. 48
New York isn’t as big as Tokyo p. 44
Talking about towns
the nightlife
historical buildings
p. 43
Synonyms and antonyms in
conversation
lovely, beautiful
great, terrible p. 48
Music of English – stress and
intonation p. 48
A long weekend
book online
What exhibitions are
showing this week?
sightseeing p. 49
“London, the world in one
city” – Is London the most
cosmopolitan city in the
world? (jigsaw) p. 46
“The best things in life are
free” – five people talk about
things they love that don’t cost
anything p. 45
Comparing things
Skiing is more exciting than
sitting on the beach. p. 44
Talk for one minute – my
favorite free thing p. 45
Discussion – immigrants in your
town p. 46
Describing a place – My
hometown:
relative pronouns
who/that/which/where p. 103
Scope and Sequence iv v Scope and Sequence
LANGUAGE I NPUT SKI LLS DEVELOPMENT
Unit GRAMMAR VocAbUlARy EVERydAy EnGlish REAdinG listEninG spEAkinG WRitinG
7 Fame!
page 50
Present Perfect and Past Simple
Julian has been in the music business for
20 years.
John Lennon started a band when he
was 15. p. 50
for and since
for 56 years
since 1984 p. 52
Tense review
Where do you live?
How long have you lived there?
Why did you move? p. 52
Word endings
Jobs
hairdresser, artist, politician
Nouns and adjectives
organization, moody p. 56
Pronunciation – word stress
beauty, famous
arrive, explain
imagine, imagination p. 56
Making conversation 2–
short answers
Do you like cooking?
Yes, I do, especially Chinese
food. p. 57
Music of English – sounding
polite p. 57
“Davina Moody, Drama Queen”
– magazine article about a
temperamental movie star
p. 54
An interview with the band
Cherry Hill – what have they
achieved so far? p. 53
Mingle – find someone who …
p. 51
Role play – interviewing a band
p. 53
Project – find an article about
a famous person and tell the
class p. 54
A biography – Paragraphing
p. 104
8 Dos and don’ts
page 58
have to
I have to work at night.
Do you have to work on weekends?
He had to study for five years. p. 58
should
You should go to the wedding.
You shouldn’t drink too much coffee.
p. 60
must
You must be careful. p. 60
Words that go together
apply for a job
earn a lot of money
work hard p. 64
Compound nouns
homemaker
text message p. 64
Music of English – word stress
p. 64
Symptoms and illnesses p. 65
At the doctor’s
a cold
food poisoning
It hurts.
My body aches.
Just take things easy for a
while. p. 65
“Jobs for the boys … and girls” –
two people who have crossed
the gender gap (jigsaw) p. 62
Leaving home – a father and
daughter’s story p. 61
At the doctor’s p. 65
Game – guess the job p. 59
Discussion – family rules p. 59
Role play – parents and children
p. 61
Discussion – men’s or women’s
jobs p. 62
Letters and e-mails – Formal
and informal expressions
pp. 105–106
9 Going places
page 66
Time clauses
as soon as, when, while, until
As soon as I have enough money, I’ll …
p. 66
First conditional
If I pass my exams, I’ll …
What will you do if you get chased by
wild animals p. 67
Hot verbs – make, do, take, get,
make up your mind
do me a favor
take a photo
get ready p. 69
Directions
park, woods, pond
across from the flower shop
over the bridge p. 73
“Travel addicts” – a magazine
article about the highs and
lows of travel. The hardest part
is coming home. p. 70
“Going nowhere” – a radio
program about people who
don’t want to travel p. 72
Role play – What will you do
if …? p. 67
Discussion – five places I’d like to
go to p. 70
Tourist destinations in your
country, and how visitors are
harming them. p. 72
Discussing pros and cons – For
and against traveling by train
p. 107
10 Things that changed
the world
page 74
Passives
Tea is grown in India.
The first cell phone call was made in
1973.
What will cell phones be used for in the
future? p. 74
Verbs and nouns that go together
discover gold
tell a lie
lose weight p. 77
Making phone calls
(919) 677-1303
Is this Andy?
This is John.
You’re breaking upage p. 81
Music of English – intonation
with numbers p. 81
“A discovery and an
invention that changed
the world” – DNA and Google
(jigsaw) p. 78
Things that really annoy me –
phones, computers, people on
their cell phones … p. 80
Discussion – stories about DNA
and Google p. 78
Role play – complaining p. 80
Role play – telephone
conversations p. 81
A review – Books and movies
p. 108
11 What if …?
page 82
Second conditional
If I were leader of the world, I’d give
money to the poor.
If I knew the answer, I’d tell you.
If I had the time, I’d travel the world.
If I were you, I’d apologize. p. 82
might
I might go out, or I might stay at home.
p. 84
Literal phrasal verbs
go away
Take off your coat.
Idiomatic phrasal verbs
Look up the word.
The plane took off. p. 88
Exclamations with so and such
I was so excited!
It was such a shock!
I’ve got so much work! p. 89
Music of English – sentence
stress p. 89
“Supervolcano”– the
largest volcano in the world, in
Yellowstone National Park,
that might erupt at any time
p. 86
At a crossroads in life – three
people with decisions to make
p. 85
Giving advice – If I were you,
I’d … p. 83
Group work – survival after a
disaster p. 86
Writing for talking – My dreams
for the future p. 109
12 Trying your best
page 90
Present Perfect Continuous
I’ve been living on the streets for a year.
How long have you been selling Street
News? p. 90
Present Perfect Simple versus
Continuous
He’s been running.
He’s run five miles. p. 90
Hot verbs – bring, take, come, go
I bring my dictionary to class.
I took some flowers to my friend.
My aunt comes to visit every
week.
I always go for coffee after school.
p. 93
Social Expressions 2
Excuse me! Can I get past?
Good luck on your exam!
Thank you for having me.
p. 97
“In her father’s footsteps” –
an article about a
famous explorer and
his daughter p. 94
A song – “If You Come Back”
p. 96
Exchanging information –
Steve Chen p. 92
Linking ideas – Words that
join ideas: and, still, just,
unfortunately, ... p. 110
Audio Scripts p. 111 Pairwork and Extra Materials p. 137 Grammar Reference p. 122 Word List p. 147 Phonetic Symbols p. 154 Irregular Verbs and Verb Patterns p. 153
Scope and Sequence ii iii Scope and Sequence
Scope and Sequence
LANGUAGE I NPUT SKI LLS DEVELOPMENT
Unit GRAMMAR VocAbUlARy EVERydAy EnGlish REAdinG listEninG spEAkinG WRitinG
1 A world of
difference
page 2
Naming tenses
Present, Past, Present Perfect
Auxiliary verbs
do, be, have p. 2
Questions and negatives
Where were you born?
He doesn’t live in Montreal. p. 2
Short answers
Yes, I have. No, he didn’t. p. 4
Spoken English – sounding polite
“Did you have a good day?”
“Yes, I did. I went shopping.” p. 4
What’s in a word?
Parts of speech and meaning
verb, adjective, noun, or adverb?
Spelling and pronunciation
vowel sounds
Word formation
active, actor, action
Words that go together
fall in love
Keeping vocabulary records p. 9
Everyday situations
I need to make an
appointment.
A medium latte, please.
For here or to go? p. 9
Worlds apart
Welcome to our world
The lives of two families
from different parts of the
world (jigsaw) p. 6
A world in one family
Ana from Spain and her son,
Xavier, talk about living in
the U.S. p. 8
A class survey
Lifestyles p. 5
Exchanging information
Comparing two families from different
parts of the world p. 6
What do you think?
Discussing the pros and cons of
bringing up a family in another
country p. 8
Role play
Acting out everyday situations p. 9
An informal letter
Correcting mistakes (1)
Finding and correcting mistakes in
a sample letter
I do mistakes WW
Writing a letter to a friend,
correcting each others’ letters
p. 99
2 The work week
page 10
Present tenses
Simple and continuous
What does she do?
What’s she doing? p. 10
State verbs
like, know, understand p. 11
Passive
People are employed …
I’m being served. p. 13
How often …?
hardly ever twice a year p. 11
Positive and negative adjectives
hardworking
bad-tempered p. 15
Free time activities
go for a run
staying fit
a recipe, to chop p. 16
Making small talk
It’s such a great city, isn’t it?
I was born in …, but I live in …
Oh, good.
Really?
Have you?
Who do you work for?
Spoken English – softening a
negative comment
a bit late not very big p. 17
Charles, Prince of Wales
The life of a hardworking
future king – the private
and public man p. 14
Who earns how much?
How much do different jobs pay?
p. 13
Spoken English – giving
opinions
I guess … I’d say …
I think so, too. Actually …
p. 13
Talking about you
How often do you do things? p. 11
Project
Interviewing someone about his/her
job p. 12
Discussion
Which job deserves most money? p. 13
The role of monarchy p. 15
Exchanging information
Talking about your free time
activities p. 16
Letters and e-mails
Differences in formal and informal
writing
Beginnings and endings of letters
and e-mails
I am writing in response …
Give my regards to Robert.
E-mailing an old friend with news
p. 100
3 Good times, bad
times
page 18
Past tenses
Simple and continuous
He worked in London.
He was studying art. p. 19
Past Perfect
He had fallen in love.
He’d been arguing. p. 19
used to
He used to wake up at 6:00. p. 19
Spelling and pronunciation
good /gUd/, food /fu:d/
male, mail
/u/ tooth truth juice p. 21
Lost sounds
chocolate
foreign p. 21
Giving opinions
He’s really great, isn’t he?
Definitely! Mmm!
That’s not true!
Spoken English – making an
opinion stronger
just awful
absolutely adore p. 25
A Shakespearean Tragedy
Romeo and Juliet
The love story in cartoons
p. 22
The first time I fell in love
Three people talk about their
experiences of early love p. 24
Dictation
Transcribing a summary of an
interview p. 20
A Shakespearean Tragedy
Retelling the story of Romeo and Juliet
from pictures p. 22
What do you think?
Shakespeare and his plays p. 22
Falling in love – Who do we fall in
love with? Which couples are well-
suited? p. 24
Telling a story (1)
Two stories:
“The farmer and his sons”
“The Emperor and his daughters”
Linking ideas
as soon as
However
Writing a folk tale or fairy tale
p. 101
4 Getting it right
page 26
Advice, obligation, and permission
Modal and related verbs
You should check online.
You must tell your neighbors.
They can get married at 18.
You are allowed to go.
Children had to go to school.
They didn’t have to work. pp. 26–28
Phrasal verbs (1)
Literal or idiomatic?
She took her boots off.
His business has taken off.
The flight took off on time.
Separable or inseparable?
He turned it on.
She takes after him. p. 32
Polite requests and offers
I’ll give you a ride.
Do you think you could …?
Can you tell me …?
Would you mind …? p. 33
Kids then and now
Kids who have it all
Bringing up kids in the
1970s and now p. 30
Rules for life
Three people talk about their
personal philosophies p. 29
Spoken English – have got to
I’ve got to go now. Bye! p. 29
Song
I Believe by Ian Dury p. 29
Discussion
Laws in the U.S. and your country
p. 28
What’s important to you in life? p. 29
What do you think?
Bringing up children
Household rules p. 30
A biography
Mother Teresa of Calcutta
Combining sentences
Her father, who was Albanian, died,
leaving her mother to bring up the
family.
Researching facts about a famous
person and writing a biography
p. 102
5 Our changing world
page 34
Future forms
Will, going to, or Present Continuous?
What will the world be like?
Things are going to change.
We’re meeting James at 11:00.
Future possibilities – may, might, could
The earth may get warmer.
Temperatures might rise.
What could happen? p. 34
Word building
Suffixes
prediction, excitement
Prefixes
impossible, disagree, react
Changing word stress
i"magine / imagi"nation p. 40
Arranging to meet
I was wondering if we
could meet.
I’ll just get my calendar.
We could have coffee.
Why don’t we …?
Let’s …
Music of English – making
suggestions p. 41
Life fifty years fromnow
Life in 2060
An international group
of scientists make their
predictions p. 38
World weather warnings
Five weather forecasts from
around the world p. 36
Rocket man
Steve Bennett, scientist and
space traveler p. 37
Spoken English – pretty
The weather was pretty bad.
p. 37
Discussion
Talking about changes in the
environment p. 35
What do you think?
Space tourism p. 37
Predictions about the future p. 38
Role play
Making arrangements to meet p. 41
Writing for talking – my cause for
concern
A speech by a teenager about the
influence of video games on
children
The thing I’m concerned about …
Let me explain why.
Writing a talk about an issue that
concerns you p. 103
6 What matters to me
page 42
Information questions
What’s she like?
What does she look like?
How is she? p. 42
How tall/big …?
What color/size/brand …?
Which floor/part of town …?
How far/long …?
How much/many …? p. 42
Describing people, places, and things
He’s a lot of fun/very sociable. p. 42
It’s cozy/on the fourth floor. p. 43
What brand is it? p. 43
Adjectives
-ed / -ing: amazing, amazed
Adjective + noun: sandy beach
Compound adjectives: well-dressed p. 44
Adverbs
-ly and not -ly: simply, fully, just, too
verb + adverb: wait patiently p. 45
In a department store
Toys and babywear
Ladies’ fashions
Stationery
What size do you wear?
Keep your receipt.
Signs
Buy two, get one free
Final clearance p. 49
The heart of the home
My Kitchen
Three women’s kitchens in
three different countries
(jigsaw) p. 46
My closest relative
Five people talk about who
they feel closest to in their
family p. 48
Spoken English – adding
emphasis
My father I don’t get along with.
What I like about her is …
The thing I love about him is …
p. 48
Project
Your most treasured possession p. 45
Talking about you
Your kitchen p. 46
Discussion
First-born/second-born children
Who do you feel closest to in your
family? p. 48
Describing a place – a description
of a room
Relative pronouns
who / that / which
Participles
I spend hours listening to music.
Writing about your favorite
room p. 104
Scope and Sequence iv v Scope and Sequence
LANGUAGE I NPUT SKI LLS DEVELOPMENT
Unit GRAMMAR VocAbUlARy EVERydAy EnGlish REAdinG listEninG spEAkinG WRitinG
7 Passions and
fashions
page 50
Present Perfect
Simple and continuous
She’s lived in Scotland.
She’s been writing since 1990. p. 50
Passive
Millions have been sold. p. 51
Adverbs
just yet already p. 52
Time expressions
for 10 years, since the 1970s p. 53
Spoken English – How long …?
How long are you here for?
How long have you been here? p. 53
Likes and dislikes
adore, loathe,
into, crazy about,
fond of p. 56
Making the right noises
Agreement, sympathy, pleasure,
and surprise
Wonderful!
Fair enough.
You’re kidding!
You didn’t!
Music of English – wide voice
range
How fantastic!
Did you? p. 57
Soccer – a global passion
The Beautiful Game
Soccer past and present p. 54
An interview
Jack, aged 10, talks about Harry
Potter p. 51
Things I’mpassionate about
Five people talk about their passions
p. 56
Role play
Interviewing Calvin Klein p. 53
Have you ever …?
Conversations about your life
experiences p. 53
What do you think?
Your feelings about soccer and its place
in the world p. 54
Things you feel passionate about p. 56
Describing a person – Facts
and opinions
My crazy uncle Joe
in his mid 20s
He’s more like a big brother.
Writing a description of
someone in your family
p. 105
8 No fear!
page 58
Verb patterns
verb + -ing
enjoy swimming, thinking of staying p. 58
verb + infinitive
need to warn, make them feel p. 58
adjective + infinitive
impossible to see p. 58
Spoken English – the reduced infinitive
I’d love to!
You promised to. p. 60
Body language
bite, clap, hug, lick
point
kneel down
Idioms
see eye to eye
You’re pulling my leg!
p. 64
Travel and numbers
Commas and decimal points
5,000 6.5
Time
12:45
Numbers one by one
6356 5055
Percentages
30%
Fractions

2
–3 p. 65
Dangerous trips in history
Hannibal crosses the Alps
Mao Zedong and the Long
March
Remarkable trips made
by two famous leaders
(jigsaw) p. 62
Fears and phobias
Three people talk about what they’re
afraid of p. 61
The psychologist’s view
A psychologist explains phobias and
their treatment p. 61
Talking about you
True and false facts about your life
p. 60
What do you think?
People and their phobias p. 61
Exchanging information
Comparing the trips of Hannibal and
Mao Zedong p. 62
Telling a story (2) – “The
Titanic”
Organization, information,
creating interest, and
descriptive language
Writing the story of The
Trojan Horse p. 106
9 It depends how you
look at it
page 66
Conditionals
Second conditionals
If I were him, I’d tell the teacher.
Third conditionals
If they’d listened, he wouldn’t have run
away. p. 67
might have done/could have done
You might/could have had an accident. p. 68
should have done
He should have asked for help. p. 68
Words with similar
meaning
shocked / stunned
delighted / over the moon
alone / lonely
win / beat p. 72
Dealing with money
Is the tip included?
Can you sign here?
The current cleared balance …
I gave you a $20 bill.
What’s the exchange rate? p. 73
The victimmeets the burglar
I’m sorry
How restorative justice can
help criminals and their
victims (jigsaw) p. 70
A social conscience
Five people describe a difficult
situation – what did they do? p. 69
Spoken English – just
I just read a great book.
I’m just tired, that’s all.
I just love your coat! p. 69
Talking about you
What would you have done in the
same situation? p. 69
Exchanging information
Comparing the stories – a burglar
and his victim p. 70
What do you think?
Forms of punishment and aims of
imprisonment p. 70
Pros and cons – Is childhood
the best time of your life?
Arguing for and against
In my opinion …
Another point is that …
Writing a discursive essay
p. 108
10 All things high tech
page 74
Noun phrases
Articles: a / the / no article p. 75
Possessives
their equipment / theirs p. 76
all/everything
Microchips control everything. p. 76
all digital devices
Reflexive pronouns and each other
I cut myself. We love each other. p. 76
Compound nouns
shopping mall
headlight
tea bag teacup
handcuffs footprint
p. 80
I need one of those things …
It’s one of those things you use …
I need some of that stuff …
It’s used for …
It’s made of …
It’s a kind of …
Music of English – stress patterns
I need one of those things you
use to open a bottle. p. 81
Architecture old and new
Dubai, the city of superlatives
p. 78
What do you do on the Internet?
Five people talk about what they use
the Internet for p. 77
Descriptions
Identifying objects p. 81
Spoken English – also, as well, too
I’m also selling some of my old stuff.
I update my GPS system as well.
I watch the news, too. p. 77
Talking about you
Websites you like, and what the
Internet represents p. 77
What do you think?
Your favorite building p. 79
A famous town or city
– From notes to writing
Completing a description of
New York City from notes
History – Dutch 1614
Researching a city and
writing a description
p. 110
11 Seeing is believing
page 82
Modals of probability
Present
must/can’t/might/could be p. 82
Past
must/can’t/might have been p. 84
looks like / looks
It looks like a man.
It looks red to me. p. 82
Spoken English – expressing disbelief
What on earth has happened? p. 85
Phrasal verbs (2) with out
and up
work sth out / work out
make sth up
make up with sb
find out / break up p. 88
Expressing attitude
apparently
actually
personally
to be honest p. 89
The adventures of Sherlock
Holmes
The Three Students
A detective story p. 86
A discussion of optical illusions
Two people talk about a set of optical
illusions p. 82
What on earth has happened?
A telephone conversation about a
burglary p. 84
A radio drama
Part 3 of the Sherlock Holmes
detective story p. 86
What do you think?
Modern methods of crime detection
p. 87
Telling the story
Retelling a story to the class p. 87
Expressing attitude – An
informal letter
Linking ideas
anyway, naturally
fortunately, nevertheless
p. 112
12 Telling it like it is
page 90
Reported speech
She said she was a student.
Reported thoughts
I thought she was pretty.
Reported questions
I asked her what was happening.
I wondered if there’d been an accident.
p. 90
Reporting verbs
invite, persuade, explain
p. 92
Ways of speaking
suggest, advise, shout,
whisper, admit, deny
p. 93
You know what they say …
Clichés
It’s not the end of the world.
Better late than never.
Rather you than me.
It could be worse. p. 97
People who changed the
world
Movers and shakers
Famous people, their ideas,
and their impact on how
people think (jigsaw) p. 94
She didn’t say that!
Spotting inaccuracies in five
conversations p. 92
What the papers say
An interview with the singer Jamie
Seabrook p. 96
What do you think?
People from your country who
changed ideas p. 94
Newspapers in your country p. 96
Talking about a current news story p. 96
Spoken English – don’t mind/don’t care
I don’t care what people think. p. 96
A thank-you e-mail
Correcting mistakes (2) in a
sample e-mail
Writing a thank-you e-mail
p. 113
Audio Scripts p. 114 Extra Materials p. 143 Grammar Reference p. 129 Word List p. 148 Phonetic Symbols p. 155 Verb Patterns and Irregular Verbs pp. 154–155
Scope and Sequence ii iii Scope and Sequence
Scope and Sequence
LANGUAGE I NPUT SKI LLS DEVELOPMENT
Unit GRAMMAR VocAbUlARy EVERydAy EnGlish REAdinG listEninG spEAkinG WRitinG
1 No place like home
page 2
The tense system
Simple, continuous, perfect
Active and passive p. 4
Spoken English
Informal language
Been here two days.
It’s kind of boring. p. 4
Compound words housework, home page,
life-size p. 9
Social expressions
Great to see you!
Don’t I know you from
somewhere? p. 11
A home from home—two
people describe their
experiences of living
abroad (jigsaw) p. 6
“Things I miss from home”—
people describe what they
miss when they travel abroad
p. 10
Exchanging information about people
who live abroad p. 6
Discussion—the pros and cons
of living abroad p. 7
Applying for a job
A resume and a cover letter p. 106
2 Been there,
done that!
page 12
Present Perfect
He’s been to Vietnam.
He’s been staying in hostels.
Simple and Continuous
He works for IBM.
I’m working with Jim. p. 13
Spoken English
Being imprecise
and stuff like that
sort of
Fillers
I mean like four in the morning. p. 20
Hot verbs—make, do
make way, do damage
I could do with a cup of tea.
He made up the whole story. p. 19
Exclamations
Wow! That’s unbelievable!
How amazing!
What a brilliant idea!
What nonsense! p. 21
“Paradise Lost”—how
tourism is destroying the
object of its affection p. 15
An interview with Tashi Wheeler
about her travels as a child
with her parents, who founded
the Lonely Planet guides p. 20
Information gap and role play—
Tony and Maureen Wheeler p. 14
Dreams come true—things to do
before you die p. 18
Informal letters
Correcting mistakes p. 108
3 What a story!
page 22
Narrative tenses
Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past
Perfect active and passive p. 22
Spoken English
News and responses
Did you read that story about …?
You’re kidding!
I don’t get it. p. 24
The use of like
It was like really bizarre. p. 28
Books and movies
It’s a thriller set in New York.
Has it been made into a movie?
It stars Harrison Ford. p. 25
Showing interest and
surprise
Echo questions
A new boyfriend?
Reply questions
“He lives in a castle.”
“He does?” p. 29
The Clinging Woman, a story
by Margaret Atwood p. 26
The money jigsaw p. 28 Retelling a news story
Responding to a news story p. 24
Talking about your favorite
book or movie p. 25
Narrative writing 1
Using adverbs in narratives
I used to go skiing frequently in the
winter. p. 109
4 Nothing but
the truth
page 30
Questions and negatives
Who gave you that?
Haven’t I told you before?
Who with?
I don’t think you’re right.
I hope not. p. 31
Spoken English
The question How come?
How come you don’t eat meat? p. 32
Prefixes
disbelief, incomplete, improbable
Antonyms in context
successful/failure
generous/stinginess p. 38
Being polite
I’m sorry to bother you.
Could you possibly change
a ten-dollar bill? p. 39
“Diana and Elvis shot
JFK!”—three of the
world’s most popular
conspiracy theories
(jigsaw) p. 34
“My most memorable lie!”—
people confess to untruths
p. 33
Discussion—good and bad lies p. 33
Exchanging information about
conspiracy theories p. 34
Linking ideas
Conjunctions
whenever, so that, even though
p. 110
5 An eye to the future
page 40
Future forms
will, going to
is staying
leaves
will be doing
will have done p. 41
Spoken English
The word thing
How are things?
The thing is, … p. 45
Hot verbs—take, put
take years to do sth
put pressure on sb
Take your time.
The store takes on extra workers.
Put a fire out. p. 47
Telephone conversations
Beginning a call
Ending a call
Role play p. 49
“Today’s teenagers are just
fine”—young people who
have already achieved a
great deal in their lives
p. 44
Arranging to meet—three friends
decide a time and a place to
get together (jigsaw) p. 48
Future possibilities in your life p. 43
Exchanging information about people
arranging to meet p. 48
Writing e-mails
E-mailing friends
Sorry, can’t make next Sat. p. 111
6 Making it big
page 50
Expressions of quantity
a few, a little, plenty of, hardly any
p. 51
Spoken English
Informal expressions of quantity
lots of, millions of p. 52
Words with variable stress
'export and ex'port
re'fuse and 'refuse p. 56
Business expressions
Bear with me.
I’ll e-mail the information
as an attachment.
Numbers, fractions, decimals,
dates, time, phone numbers,
sports scores p. 57
A profile of two famous
brands—Starbucks and
Apple Computers (jigsaw)
p. 54
Radio advertisements—what’s
the product? What’s the selling
point? p. 53
A lifestyle survey p. 52
Writing an ad p. 53
Exchanging information about famous
brands p. 54
Starting a restaurant p. 56
A consumer survey
Report writing
TO: CEO p. 112
Scope and Sequence iv v Scope and Sequence
LANGUAGE I NPUT SKI LLS DEVELOPMENT
Unit GRAMMAR VocAbUlARy EVERydAy EnGlish REAdinG listEninG spEAkinG WRitinG
7 Getting along
page 58
Modals and related verbs 1
able to, manage to, sure to, supposed to,
allowed to p. 58
Spoken English
Declarative questions
Your father arranged your marriage?
Questions expressing surprise
You paid how much? p. 61
Hot verb—get
We get along well.
get angry, get to the
truth, get out of doing the
dishes p. 64
Exaggeration and
understatement
I’m totally crazy about you!
I’m pretty fond of you. p. 65
“Meet the Kippers”—an article
about grown-up children
who won’t leave home p. 62
Getting married—an Indian woman
talks about her arranged marriage
p. 61
The pros and cons of arranged
marriages p. 61
Discussion—when should young
people leave home? p. 62
Arguing your case
For and against
first of all …, not only … but
also p. 114
8 People and places
page 66
Relative clauses
that, who, what, whose, which p. 66
Participles
the woman standing next to him
a game played by four people p. 67
Spoken English
Adding a comment with which
I bought an umbrella, which was just
as well. p. 69
Adverb collocations
Adverbs and adjectives
very cold, absolutely
freezing, pretty nice p. 72
The world around you—
storefronts and signs
Hardware, Self-storage, p.73
“The wonder that’s New
York’s Grand Central”—an
article about a landmark
train station p. 70
Extreme experiences—people
describe their experiences in
extreme weather conditions p. 69
Making descriptions longer p. 68
Talking about your experiences
of extreme weather p. 69
Describing places
My favorite part of town
I’m a Londoner, and proud
of it. p. 115
9 Changing times
page 74
Expressing habit
She’s always borrowing my clothes.
She’ll spend hours staring into space.
My dad would read me a story.
He used to work hard, but now he’s
retired. p. 74
be used to doing
He’s a mover. He’s used to working
hard. p. 74
Spoken English
Intensifying compounds
scared stiff, dead wrong p. 77
Homonyms
fine, match, book
Homophones
where or wear?
knows or nose? p. 80
Making your point
The point I’m trying to make
is …
If you want my opinion … p. 81
“The man who planted trees”—
how one man made the
world a better place p. 78
A teacher I’ll never forget—people
describe a teacher who made a
lasting impression on them p. 77
Discussion—a teacher I’ll never forget
p. 77
Discussion—your favorite TV
programs p. 78
Writing for talking
What I want to talk about
is … p. 116
10 Dangerous living
page 82
Modal auxiliary verbs 2
could have been
might have done
shouldn’t have gone p. 83
Spoken English
Expressions with modal verbs
You might as well.
I couldn’t help it. p. 85
Synonyms
The story of Jim and the
lion
buddies/friends
delicious/tasty p. 88
Metaphors and idioms—the body
bigheaded
on its last legs
a heart-to-heart talk p. 89
“The Tarzan of Central
Park”—the story of a man
who lived in trees p. 85
Hilaire Belloc’s Cautionary Tales
for Children—Jim, who ran
away from his nurse and was eaten
by a lion p. 88
It all went wrong! p. 85
Talking about children’s stories p. 88
Formal and informal letters
and e-mails—Do’s and
don’ts
Hi Amber! How are things
with you? p. 117
11 In your dreams
page 90
Hypothesizing
I wish I knew the answer.
If only I’d told the truth! p. 91
Spoken English
Expressions with if
If all goes well …
If worst comes to worst p. 92
Word pairs
ups and downs
pros and cons
off and on
slowly but surely p. 93
Moans and groans
I can’t believe it!
What a pain!
It drives me crazy! p. 97
“Have you ever wondered?”—
the answers to some
important questions in life
p. 93
The interpretation of dreams—Paul’s
amazing dream p. 96
Practicing a conversation p. 93
Describing your dreams p. 96
Narrative writing 2
Linking words and expressions
As soon as, eventually, by
this time, finally p. 118
12 It’s never too late
page 98
Articles
a/an, the, one, zero article
Determiners
each, every, no, none, both, either p. 99
Spoken English
Demonstratives and determiners
What’s that song?
Every little bit helps. p. 100
Hot words—life and time
get a life, kill time, right
on time p. 104
Linking and commenting
Personally, anyway, hopefully
p. 105
“You’re never too old”—a
life in the day of Mary
Hobson, who earned her
PhD at age 74 p. 102
Happy days—people talk about what
makes them happy and unhappy
p. 101
A song—“That’s Life” p. 104
Discussion—the different stages of life,
and their pros and cons p. 101
Adding emphasis in writing
People of influence
Michelangelo: sculptor,
architect, painter, and poet
p. 119
Audio Scripts p. 120 Extra Materials p. 149 Grammar Reference p. 136 Irregular Verbs and Verb Patterns p. 155
Scope and Sequence ii iii Scope and Sequence
Scope and Sequence
LANGUAGE I NPUT SKI LLS DEVELOPMENT
Unit LAnGUAGE FOCUS VOCAbULAry rEADinG LiStEninG SPEAKinG tHE LASt WOrD WritinG
1 This land is your
land!
page 7
Avoiding repetition
Leaving words out
She told me to clean up, but I already
had. p. 12
Reduced infinitives
She doesn’t know how to read. She
never learned to. p. 13
Synonyms in context
I don’t trust this government. I have
no faith in them whatsoever. p. 13
Describing nationalities
the U.S., American, an American p. 15
“The American dream” – Three
immigrants arrive at Ellis Island
(jigsaw) p. 8
The American Dream – an
interview with Jeong Kim
page 14
National stereotypes p. 15
Discussion – immigrants and
emigration p. 11
Discussion – nationality
stereotypes p. 15
British and American English
We’ve got a small flat.
We have a small apartment. p. 16
Formal and informal letters p. 117
2 Never at a loss for
words!
page 17
Tense review
Simple and continuous
Everyone’s very nice to me.
Everyone’s being very nice to me. p. 24
Perfect and non-perfect
They’ve been married for thirty years.
They were married for thirty years.
p. 24
Active and passive
Jack is interviewing Lady Bracknell.
Jack is being interviewed by Lady
Bracknell.
Phrasal verbs
Literal and metaphorical
My sister is always taking in stray cats.
She was completely taken in by his lies.
They had so much news that I couldn’t
take it all in. p. 21
“A visit to Iris Murdoch” – an
interview with novelist Iris
Murdoch p. 19
“The Importance of Being
Earnest” – a scene from
Oscar Wilde’s play p. 23
Information gap – finding out
about Iris Murdoch p18
Acting out a scene from a play
p. 23
Sounds and spelling – a poem about
pronunciation
tough, bought, cough, dough p. 26
Homophones
through, threw p. 26
Storytelling p. 118
3 Big business
page 27
Adverb collocations
hear about endlessly, deeply worried
p. 32
Adverbs with two forms
flying high, highly motivated p. 32
just
That’s just what I wanted!
It’s just me.
I wish you’d just listen to me for
once! p. 33
Describing trends
a slight fall, drop sharply p. 30
Comparing statistics
David spends twice as much on food as
John does. p. 31
“Eat, sleep, buy, die” – an article
about the global economy p. 28
An interview with Anita
Roddick, founder of The
Body Shop p. 34
Simulation – planning an
advertising campaign p. 35
Discussion – the role of
advertising p. 35
Word linking and intrusive sounds
English is an international language
blue eyes
/w/
my office p. 36
/j/
A business report p. 120
4 Celebrity
page 37
Discourse markers
Honestly, I think you should quit
your job.
As I was saying, I’m still enjoying the
work. p. 42
Synonyms and antonyms 1
She’s always finding fault with her kids.
She criticizes them for everything.
From being a private person, you
become public property. p. 41
The cult of celebrity – why are
we obsessed with the rich and
famous? p. 38
An interview with
Hollywood star Drew
Barrymore p. 44
Maze – how to become a
celebrity p. 44
Tags and replies
“I love your movies.” “Oh, you do,
do you?”
You haven’t seen my car keys, have
you?
You’re a star, you are. p. 46
Expressing a personal opinion p. 122
5 Love is . . . ?
page 47
Ways of adding emphasis
It’s Tina’s personality that I love.
What he does is criticize me
constantly.
Never will I forget seeing him smile
for the first time.
Finally I did find the courage to ask
her out. p. 51
Proverbs and poetry
Love is blind.
A Shakespeare sonnet
Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
p. 52
Fateful attraction – two couples
who met in very unexpected
circumstances (jigsaw) p. 48
A romantic meeting –
another couple tells the
story of how they met
p. 48
When love lasts forever – an
interview with 102-year-
old Olive Hodges p. 53
Discussion – do you believe in
fate? p. 48
Getting emotional
Sounding anxious, grateful, etc.
Get this heap of old metal out of my
driveway! Now!
You mean more to me than words
could ever say. p. 54
Discussing pros and cons p. 123
6 Newspeak
page 55
Distancing the facts
Passive constructions
It is said that he works on Wall Street.
He is assumed to be earning a lot of
money. p. 59
seem and appear
The Times seems to be more factual.
It appears that the ????? p. 59
Nouns formed from phrasal verbs
Here is an update on
the news.
At the outbreak of war I
was just three years old. p. 60
Tabloid and broadsheet
newspapers – a similar
news story in two different
newspapers p. 56
An interview with foreign
correspondent Simon
Winchester p. 61
Discussion – how television
reports the news p. 61
Responding to news
“Guess what! I won $5 million.”
“You’re kidding!” p. 62
Sounding sarcastic
“Pete. I wrecked your car. Sorry.”
“Great. That’s all I needed. Thank
you very much.” p. 62
A letter to a newspaper p. 124
Scope and Sequence iv v Scope and Sequence
LANGUAGE I NPUT SKI LLS DEVELOPMENT
Unit LAnGUAGE FOCUS VOCAbULAry rEADinG LiStEninG SPEAKinG tHE LASt WOrD WritinG
7 Words of wisdom
page 63
Modal auxiliary verbs
Present, future, and past
Likelihood, probability, obligation,
permission, ability, willingness, habit
p. 66
Rhyme and reason –
Choosing the right
words for a poem “You
are old, Father William”
p. 68
“Letter to a newborn son” – BBC
foreign correspondent Fergal
Keane on becoming a father
p. 64
Words of wisdom – ten people
talk about advice they have
been given in their lives p.
68
Prediction game – Dilemma!
How well do you know your
classmates? p. 67
Discussion – words of wisdom p. 68
Breaking the rules of English
“Ending a sentence with a preposition
is something up with which I will not
put.” p. 70
Describing a personal
experience p. 126
8 Altered images
page 71
Real and unreal tense usage
would
My car wouldn’t start …
When I was a kid, I’d get up at 7:00 …
I knew he’d change his mind. p. 78
Past tenses to express unreality
I wish you’d think before you speak.
Isn’t it time we had a break?
What if we called him Mickey? p. 78
Metaphors and idioms
Time flies.
It broke his heart when she
left him for another man.
We’re over the moon.
p. 74
“Walt Disney – the man behind
the mouse” p. 76
An interview with American
painter Joe Downing
p. 72
Discussion – appreciating art p. 71
Discussion – my favorite work of art
p. 73
Softening the message
Can you help me?
I was wondering if you could possibly
help me? p. 80
Reviewing a film or book
p. 127
9 History lessons
page 81
Verb patterns
We finally decided to leave the town.
They helped us to bury our dead.
The Germans joined in singing with the
British.
We were terrified to find everything
changed. p. 88
Homonyms
Robin Hood used a bow
and arrow to fight. p. 86
You play the violin with a
bow p. 86
Homophones
They tied their boat
to a small buoy in the
harbour.
A small boy looked after
their boat. p. 86
Homographs
After the performance,
she took five bows. p. 102.
She wore five bows in her
hair. p. 86
‘I was there …’ – eyewitness
accounts of historical events
p. 82
An eyewitness account – Justin
Baines p. 85
Peace and goodwill – the
Christmas truce of 1914
p. 87
Discussion – an important event in
your life p. 85
Discussion – can enemies become
friends in wartime? p. 87
Telling jokes
“Why is an archaeologist never
successful?” ‘Because his career lies in
ruins.’ p. 90
Personal profile p. 128
10 The body beautiful
page 91
Intensifying adverbs
I totally agree with you.
She’s absolutely terrified of dogs.
Kate thinks math is hard, and she’s quite
right. p. 94
Sports p. 91
Words to do with the body
calf, kidney
to head a ball, to shoulder
responsibility p. 95
“The age of sport” – an article
about the worldwide obsession
with sports p. 92
The golfer and the gymnast –
jigsaw conversations about
Nastia Liukin and Tiger
Woods p. 96
Discussion – are we obsessed by sports?
p. 92
Quiz – how healthy and fit are you?
p. 97
Clichés
Easier said than done.
At the end of the day, it’s your
decision. p. 98
Entering a competition p. 129
11 The ends of the
earth
page 99
Relatives and participles
Defining and non-defining relative clauses
Here’s somebody who speaks English.
The Chinese lady, who speaks impeccable
English, lives in the desert. p. 106
Participles
Living in Boston, I appreciate the pros
and cons of city life.
Having read the minutes of the meeting,
I wrote a report. p. 107
Geographical expressions
Temperatures range from
0ºC to 15ºC in summer.
p. 100
Weather words –
compound nouns and
adjectives
rainfall, wind-blown,
snowflake p. 104
Adjective order
beautiful, old, thatched
cottages
glorious, golden
Mediterranean beaches
p. 104
Three island stories – three very
different islands (jigsaw) p. 100
Far-flung spots – people talk
about places they have
visited p. 104
A meeting in the desert – an
unusual story about a
train trip in the far west of
China p. 105
Living on a desert island p100
Retelling a story p. 105
What on earth!
earth, ground, soil p. 108
Everyday expressions
I had to move heaven and earth to get
here. p. 108
Describing a journey p. 130
12 Life goes on
page 109
Linking devices
Conjunctions, adverbs, infinitives, relative
pronouns, participles
… the future comes towards you and
recedes behind you.
However, roughly every year a leap second
is added.
In cities, where time is most chronological
… p. 112
Synonyms and antonyms 2
an approximate figure,
a rough guess
old, novel p. 115
“A sideways look at time” –
different ways of seeing time
p. 110
Do you believe in miracles?
– a radio program about a
visit to Lourdes p. 114
Discussion – talking about time p. 111
Discussion – can miracles exist in the
age of science? p. 114
Euphemisms
a disadvantaged senior citizen, pass
away p. 116
Bringing a biography to life
p. 131
Audio Scripts p. 114 Extra Materials p. 143 Grammar Reference p. 129 Word List p. 148 Phonetic Symbols p. 155 Verb Patterns and Irregular Verbs pp. 154–155