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King Faisal University College of Engineering Department of Electrical Engineering

Summer Training at Saudi Electricity Company Report

By Name: Hasan Saeed Al-Qadheeb ID#: 210003380

15/08/2013
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5 3-3.Table of Contents: Page # 1. Conclusion ………………………………………………………………………….8 3-7..5 3-2.. Substation …………………………………………………………………. Ring Main Units (RMU) …………………………………………………. Appendix ……………………………………………………………………………. Low Voltage Panel ……………………………………………………….6 3-4.4 2.... Power Distribution ………………………………………………………..12 5... Electricity System in SEC …………………………………………………6 3-5.. Brief History of the Company ………………………………………………………4 3. Power Plant (Generating Station) ………………………………………. Power Transmission ……………………………………………………….10 3-8. Mini Pillar …………………………………………………………………11 4.13 Page | 2 .7 3-6.. Technical and practical information gained ………………………………………... Introduction ………………………………………………………………………….5 3-1.

5 Figure 2: Simple Electricity System …………………………………………………..11 Page | 3 ..6 Figure 3 Electricity System of SEC ……………………………………………………7 Figure 4: Substation (Transformer + RMU) …………………………………………....9 Figure 8: Open LVP ……………………………………………………………………10 Figure 9: Mini Pillar …………………………………………………………………....List of Figures Page # Figure 1: Power Plant ………………………………………………………………….9 Figure 7: Two types of SF6 switch (SF6 RMU) ………………………………………...8 Figure 6: oil switch (RMU) ……………………………………………………………..8 Figure 5: Example for the substation location diagram ………………………….

1. transmission and distribution of safe and reliable electric services to customers in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Introduction: College of Engineering in King Faisal University gives an opportunity to Its senior students to do summer training course in one of the industrial companies. Brief History of the Company: The first Saudi Consolidated Electricity Companies (SCECO) was (SCECO-East) which created in 1976 (1396/1397 AH). eastern. I did my summer training in Saudi Electricity Company (SEC). **See “Appendix A” for more details. the Government announced the reorganization of the electricity sector by establishing a stock market company. So. Two weeks at: Department of Operation of High Voltage (HV) Networks. Two weeks at: Department of Emergency and Network Failures. Two weeks at: Department of Independent Generating Stations. This was followed in 1979 (1399/1400 AH) by SCECO-South. named the Saudi Electric Company (SEC). In 1998. Electricity for the southwest is provided by another consolidated company. western and southern regions into a single joint stock company providing generation. 2. through the merger of all the electricity companies operating in the Kingdom. Saudi Electricity Company is a merger of all Saudi electricity companies in the central. and the central region is served by SCECO-Central. so in this report am going to show some important information and details that I learned. I spend 8 weeks working in the company from 15/06/2013 to 07/08/2013. During my summer training I learned a lot of information about the company and the electricity networks in Saudi Arabia. I worked in 4 different departments in the company as the following:     Two weeks at: Department of Testing and Identification of Faults. The GEC represented the government equity holdings in all the independent electricity generating companies and was a source of finance for those companies' capital requirements. Page | 4 . The General Electricity Corporation (GEC) had overall responsibility for the Kingdom's electricity system and had direct responsibility for the provision of electrical supplies to rural areas not then covered by the consolidated companies. Summer training offer students an opportunity to get some concrete work experience and be able to try out what it's actually like working in a particular career.

Technical and practical information gained: In this section in going to present some information that I learned during the summer training period. Most power stations in the world burn fossil fuels such as coal. Power Plant (Generating Station): A power plant is an industrial facility for the generation of electric power.3. and natural gas to generate electricity. shows the component of a power plant Figure 1: Power Plant 3-2. Power is usually transmitted through overhead power lines. cheap enough and on the types of technology that the power company has access to. The energy source harnessed to turn the generator varies widely. Figure 1. Underground power transmission has a significantly higher cost and greater operational limitations but is sometimes used in urban areas or sensitive locations. oil. Page | 5 . At the center of nearly all power stations is a generator. a rotating machine that converts mechanical power into electrical power by creating relative motion between a magnetic field and a conductor. Power Transmission: Here in this part the generated electricity is transfers from the Power Plant to the main supply points throughout the eastern province by using transmission lines which are the connecting links between the generating stations and the distribution systems. The power system looks like what shown in Figure 2. It depends chiefly on which fuels are easily available. Electricity is transmitted at high voltages (115 kV or above) to reduce the energy lost in long-distance transmission. 3-1.

Figure 2: Simple Electricity System. The low voltage is distributed from the low voltage panel. etc. The substation has a transformer which converts the 13. reliable and most economical way. Power Distribution: The objective of Power Distribution System is to deliver the Electrical power to Customers in safe. Then the 13. The 230 kV is used in the near cities whereas the 380 kV is provided if necessary to be transmitted to far cities. continuity of supply. Page | 6 . This means that the 230 kV most exist in each bulk supply point. should be within allowable limits to ensure that the Customer obtains satisfactory performance for his electrical equipment while ensuring that the demands of the Customers continue to be met. voltage level. the 230 kV is then converted to 69 kV using step down transformers. the 69 kV is converted to 13. Electricity System in SEC: The power plants generate a standard voltage of 13.8 kV to low voltages of 220V/380V or 127V/220V. the capital and operating costs of doing so should be reduced minimum as possible. See Figure 3. Several parameters of an Electricity supply such as frequency.8 kV amplified to be 230/380 kV using a step up transformer in the bulk supply point.8 kV. Finally. 3-3.8 kV and in turn it is transmitted to substations through Breakers. This means that a Customer receives a supply of Electrical power required by him at the time and place at which he can use it. After the transmission. In the grid station. 3-4. the low voltage is delivered to the customer by using a mini pillar.

Power Plant 13. SEC has a complete maps and location diagram of the substations in alhasa see figure 5 as an example. The substation uses a step down transformer that transforms the 13. and the low voltage panel. Substation: The substation is a medium voltage (MV) unit. Page | 7 .8 kV is distributed to substations in which they have step down transformers. Substation is formed by the ring main unit (RMU). The low voltage starts just after the transformer in the substation.8 kV Breaker Substation 13. This 13. The medium voltage is 13. See figure 4 for example for the substation.8 kV Bulk Supply Point 13.8 kV to low voltages (127 V/ 220 V). In the next section I will talk about the RMU. transformer.8 kV to 127 V / 220 V Low Voltage Panel Mini Pillar Meter Customer Figure 3 Electricity System of SEC 3-5.8 kV coming from the grid station. The substation name is taking the transformer name.8 kV to 230 kV and 380 kV Step Down Transformer 230/380 kV to 69 kV Grid Station 69 kV to 13.

8 KV cable. and a local cable. This means that the ring main unit has an incoming 13.Figure 4: Substation (Transformer + RMU) Figure 5: Example for the substation location diagram 3-6. Ring Main Units (RMU): The ring main unit (RMU) is a switchgear that takes the 13.8 KV cable. an outgoing 13. The incoming cable is a cable linked to the substation by another substation whereas the outgoing cable is a cable linked from the Page | 8 . links it to the transformer in the substation.8 KV cable to another substation. and also links the 13.8 KV cable.

The local cable is used by the substation from the incoming cable. There are two types of switchgears used at the company network. See figure 6 for the oil switch and figure 7 for the SF6 switches.substation to another substation. They differ in the used insulation substances which are the oil switch. and the Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6) switch. Figure 6: oil switch (RMU) Figure 7: Two types of SF6 switch (SF6 RMU) Page | 9 .

The circuit breakers of the mini pillars are of 200 A for each phase in a circuit. yellow. Mini Pillar: The mini pillar is a panel that takes one cable/circuit from the low voltage panel and provides at most six circuits to divide them among at most six customers. and the blue phase in addition to the neutral cable which is black. Sometimes one customer needs two circuits from the mini pillar also when customers need higher ampere. See figure 8 for opened LVP. Each circuit from the low voltage panel contains the red phase. Figure 8: Open LVP. the low voltage circuits are provided such that each circuit has a circuit breaker of 400A for each phase in the circuit. Figure 9 shows a mini pillar which has four connected circuits. The low voltage panel output number of circuits depends on the transformer used in the substation. Low Voltage Panel: The low voltage panel (LVP) is a panel that distributes the output cables/circuits of the transformer. a circuit from the Page | 10 .3-7. The transformer output cables are connected to the bus bar of the low voltage panel and from the bus bar. 3-8.

low voltage panel is provided without using the mini pillar. that are connected from the mini pillar to a meter because each customer needs this specification to be energized in the low voltage. Figure 9: Mini Pillar Page | 11 . There are at most two mini pillars that can be connected together and there is two phase and one neutral cables in each circuit.

Page | 12 . The employees was so friendly with me. Conclusion: Finally. Also I apply the theorem that I studied in the college. I learned a lot of practical things that I described previously in this report.4. So I took good knowledge about power plant. my summer training was very interesting and very efficient. transmission lines. they help me to understand everything that I need. and substations. which are the most important sections for any electric company.

Appendix A: My Schedule in the company. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------The End Page | 13 .