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NDICE

Introduccin .. Pg. 3 Competencias. Pg 3 Objetivos Pg 4 Tabla de sesiones/ temporalizacinPg 5 MetodologaPg 5 Actividades.Pg 6-14 Evaluacin. Pg 15 Bibliografa.Pg 15

INTRODUCCIN

Este documento es una unidad didctica para 4 de la ESO titulada: Horror and mystery in the United Kingdom. Dicha unidad, como su propio nombre indica, tiene por tema el terror y el misterio en el Reino Unido (4 sesiones). La eleccin de este tema se debe fundamentalmente al inters y motivacin que despierta. El misterio y el miedo nos encantan. A dems del inters, este tema nos sirve para que los alumnos aprendan y conozcan aspectos culturales del Reino Unido. Tambin aprenden contenidos conceptuales de gramtica, vocabulario y fontica y contenidos procedimentales con los que desarrollar las cuatro destrezas del ingls: reading, writing, listening y speaking. Se trata, en todo caso, de construir una unidad didctica lo ms original, divertida, completa, atrayente y pedaggica posible.

COMPETENCIAS
Se desarrollan casi todas las competencias del Marco comn europeo de referencia. Se especificarn en detalle en el apartado de los objetivos: Competencia en comunicacin lingstica (CCL) Competencia en el conocimiento y la interaccin con el mundo fsico (CCIMF) Tratamiento de la informacin y la competencia digital (TICD) Competencia social y ciudadana (CSC) Competencia cultural y artstica (CCA) Competencia para aprender a aprender (CAA) Autonoma e iniciativa personal (CAIP)

OBJETIVOS
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Objetivos conceptuales Gramtica: 1. Usar correctamente los superlativos y comparativos Vocabulario Fontica: 1. conocer una de las diferencias entre el ingls Americano y el britnico: las palabras que terminan en <er > en Americano se pronuncian con /r/ mientras que los britnicos pronuncian // 2. conocer las tres maneras de pronunciar el pasado <-ed>: /id/, /d/, /t/

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Objetivos procedimentales: Reading: 1. Comprender la idea general de un texto 2. Entender informacin especfica de un texto

Writing: 1. Construir un texto argumentativo con coherencia, cohesin y una estructura correcta donde los alumnos sean capaces de transmitir una opinin con argumentos.

Listening: 1. Seguir la lectura de textos orales reales, no pedagogizados Speaking: 1. Interactuar oralmente en pequeas conversaciones Objetivos actitudinales: 1. Interesarse por la lectura mediante textos atractivos que despierten la curiosidad 2. Interesarse por la cultura del Reino Unido, en este caso, aspectos inquietantes y misteriosos 3. Interesarse por la lengua inglesa 4. Ser capaz de transmitir una opinin propia y defenderla razonadamente con argumentos

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TABLA DE SESIONES

1 SESIN (50 min) 2 SESIN (50 min) 3 SESIN (50 min) 4 SESIN (50 min)

_Reading: Stonehenge (25min) _Ejercicios ( 25 min) _Listening: Berry Pomeroy Castle (10 min) _gramtica. Explicacin y ejercicios (40 min) _Reading: Crop circles (25 min) _ejercicios (25 min) _listening: Manchester Egyptian statue (10 min) _writing de opinin: crees en los fenmenos paranormales o solo en la ciencia? (40 min)

METODOLOGA
En el aula el profesor deber emplear la lengua extranjera lo mximo posible y evitar recurrir a la lengua materna. Esta unidad desarrolla las 4 destrezas del ingls: Reading, writing, listening y speaking. Se aprenden los 3 tipos de contenidos conceptuales, gramtica, mediante ejercicios estructurales, lxico y fontica. Se usa el mtodo interactivo para que el alumno no se aun sujeto pasivo. Antes de leer un Reading hay una serie de preguntas para que respondan de manera oral. Es una manera de introducir el Reading. Para el aprendizaje del lxico se promueve el mtodo intuitivo; se aconseja al alumno que antes de buscar las palabras en el diccionario las deduzca por la forma o el contexto. Despus se realiza una lectura silenciosa y luego otra expresiva para que practiquen la pronunciacin. Siempre hay imgenes y/o sonido paraqu sea ms divertido. Los ejercicios son de todo tipo: responder idea general o informacin especfica, dar una opinin, responder verdadero o falso, formar antnimos, completar huecos de un texto, corregir oraciones, inventar frases con una gramtica determinada Los listenings no sern evaluados, su nico objetivo es que el alumno practique el ingls y que se acostumbre al aprendizaje autnomo. Debido a que son textos autnticos no pedagogizados presentan bastante dificultad para unos alumnos de 4 de ESO, por ello la actividad consiste en escuchar el video mientras se sigue la lectura de la transcripcin. El video se pondr 4 veces: 1 para ver las imgenes mientras se escucha, 2 se escucha siguiendo el texto escrito y tratando de averiguar la palabra que falta, 3 otra vez lo mismo y 4 se escucha por ltima vez para corregir el texto.

ACTIVIDADES
1 sesin
Actividad 1: Reading

Look at the pictures. Have you ever been in Stonehenge? Have you ever heard about this mysterious monument? Use your dictionary if you dont know these words: circle, stone, wheels, Neolithic, tonnes, aim, airport, seasons, crops, engineering, but firstly, try to guess the meaning by the context. Read the text and then answer the questions.

Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England, built in 2800BC, but started in 3100BC. It is one of the most famous and mysterious places in the world. This monument is composed by four circles made with enormous stones.

Stonehenge is one of the oldest constructions in the world, in fact, it is older than the Pyramid of Giza! Some stones weigh 25 tonnes! How is it possible? How did Neolithic people transport such heavy stones? Their technology was simple and poor. They didnt use wheels.

The biggest and heaviest stones stood very near, but the blue stones, which were a little bit smaller, were taken from Preseli to Bristol along the sea, and then, from Bristol to Stonehenge along the river. Some people believe the monument was created by aliens because it was impossible to move such enormous and heavy stones 5000 years ago. The aim of the construction is unknown. We dont know its function: it could be a kings palace, a place to fight or practice sport, an alien airport, a sacred monument, a spiritual place with a mysterious energy. The most logical explanation is that Stonehenge is a solar calendar to observe the sky, the position of Earth, Sun, planets and stars because their economy depended on agriculture. Whatever the function is, Stonehenge is the most important prehistoric monument in the UK and the people who made it knew a lot about engineering and astronomy.

A) Comprehension of the text:


Why is it so difficult to believe that Neolithic people didnt create the monument? Where did they take the blue stones? Why was so important for prehistoric people to know a lot about seasons? Why did they need knowledge about astronomy?

B) In your opinion, what was Stonehenge made for? C) Find all examples in the text of superlative and comparative. D) Are the following statements true or false? If they are false, write the correct answer: 1. The Pyramid of Giza is bigger and older than Stonehenge 2. Blue stones were taken from Preseli . In Neolithic period wheels were already invented 4. The most logical explanation is that aliens moved the stones with developed technology Actividad 2: vocabulary Form opposites of the words below with the prefixes: un-, il-, im- iLogical, rational, possible, known, expected

2 sesin
Actividad 1: Listening http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KDbmu5Xd6k0

Berry Pomeroy, the most haunted castle in England

Berry Pomeroy Castle, built in 1305 by Henry

Devon, England

Berry Pomeroy. There are several supposed hauntings in Berry Pomeroy Castle. A woman in a long blue cape has been seen around a particular archway and its said to be a Pomeroy daughter who murdered her own illegitimate child. Photographs have been taken in the area by separate tourists who later discovered the figure of a man in a tricorn hat and a lady in dark clothes who weren't apparent when the photos were taken. The Castle also boasts its very own "White Lady" who appears in the castle dungeons. It is said she is yet another of the unfortunate Pomeroy daughters, who was placed in the dungeons by her jealous sister and left there to starve slowly to death. Also, a child's cry can be heard from the archways of the castle and visitors have described the site as having an eerie feeling to it. This is a location we would love to investigate some day. Thank you for watching this video. If you want more information about this location please click on the link on the video description below.

Notice that there are 3 different ways of pronouncing final <-ed> :


/it/

after <t> and <d> after voiced sounds

/d/ as in murdered, discovered, described

/t/ as in supposed, placed after voiceless sounds

Actividad 2: Gramtica. Explicacin y ejercicios A) Check the following sentences. If they are wrong, mark them with X and correct the form: Stonehenge is one of the most mysterious places in the world The grey stones were more heavy tan the blue ones The smallest stones were situated inside the circle of the biggest ones This monument is one of the more important prehistoric things we have

B) Write 2 sentences using the superlative form and 2 sentences using the comparative form

C) Complete the text using the correct form for superlative and comparative: God Neb-Senu is the .(weird) statue in the whole Manchester museum. It is ..(special ) than the rest of statues because it spins on its own. It is one of the .(curious) phenomena ever because there seems to be no logical explanation. Many people think there is a spirit inside it, but it is .. (good) to believe in science proofs than in supernatural theories. This phenomena is it probably cause by people or cars vibrations when they move.

3 sesin
Actividad 1: Reading

CROP CIRCLES
Look at the pictures, do you believe in aliens? Why? Why not? Have you ever heard about this mysterious phenomena called crop circles? Use your dictionary if you dont know some word: crop, maize, wheat, tornadoes, advertising, companies, increase, journalists, tools, but firstly, try to guess the meaning by the context. Read the text and then answer the questions.

Crop circles are figures created in maize or wheat crops. There are more than 10.000 crop circles all over the world, but 90% of them are in England. Most of them are near anc ie nt mo nu me nt s, such a s Stonehenge.

Crop circles appear since ancient times, but they began to increase since 1970. They appear suddenly, during the night, in some seconds and there is no-one on the crops. Crop circles are getting bigger and more complex with the pass of time. Now they have a deep mathematical and scientific

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Logical or paranormal explanations? Scientists say that crop circles have a logical explanation. They could be created by men with their hands, their feet and simple tools, such as Bower and Chorley, two men who said in 1991 that they made some crop circles and made an example in front of journalists to prove it. According to scientists, crop circles could also be created with very developed technology, such as GPS and laser. Other reason could be the nature: meteorological phenomena (whether, wind, tornadoes), animals, bacteria, energy from the Earth

Bower and Chorley, England

Some circles are created by companies as advertising because it is a good way of

But science is unable to explain all cases. Crop circles seem to be created by something very intelligent with a powerful technology. They are so big and so complex that is it impossible to create for human beings. Some people reject logical theories and believe that crop circles have paranormal explanations, such as God, aliens, beings from other dimensions, our own minds with a common psychological energy Whatever it is, crop circles are fascinating and beautiful and continue to appear without knowing the authors.

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A) Comprehension: 1. There have been crop circles since a lot of centuries ago, but, are they having any kind of evolution? Explain it 2. What is the country in which more crop circles have appeared? 3. Why do some people disagree with scientists? B) In your opinion, who or what is the agent that creates this phenomenon? Do you defend logical or paranormal theories? C) Find words in the text that mean the same as: shapes (par.1), rational (par. 3), business (par. 4), refuse (par. 5), extraterrestrial (par. 5)

Actividad 2: vocabulary A) Match the words with their definition: Rounded shape on maize or wheat crops To make or become greater in size, degree, frequency Beyond normal explanation The promotion of goods or services for sale

Paranormal advertising crop circle increase

B) Write synonyms of: weird, horrible, supernatural, immediately

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4 sesin
Actividad 1: Listening

Before watching the video, look at these two pictures. What do you think is going on with this statue?

God Neb-Senu, Egyptian statue in Manchester Museum

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vk6h5GpZzaM

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B) Try to write the words that are missing:


transcription: What you are seeing has yet to be explained. This Ancient Egyptian statue appears to be on its own, as seen in time-lapse footage in the Manchester museum. The nearly 4.000 years old statue has been part of the collection for 80 years and has never moved until recently. Ancient Egyptian believed this type of statue can act as a vessel for spirits but the exhibit curator thinks even the Ancient Egyptians would be surprised by this strange occurrence. Some logical explanations could be vibrations from cars outside or foot traffic in the museum but it doesnt explain why it moves on a perfect circle. Whatever the answer, the is surely to draw more visitors to the exhibit.

Notice that in American English words finished in < er > as Manchester, never, answer, whatever, ... are pronounced with /er/, whereas in British English they do NOT pronounce /r/ at the end of a Word, they pronounce //. Missing words: spinning museum phenomenon

Actividad 2: writing: un breve texto de opinin (100 palabras mnimo) donde


expresen si creen en fenmenos paranormales o si solo creen en la ciencia. Se pueden mencionar ejemplos, casos, experiencias personales

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EVALUACIN
Las actividades de esta unidad son para realizar en el aula, por lo que necesitamos recursos audiovisuales como imgenes, videos, proyector, internet Los listenings no sern evaluados porque su nico objetivo, como se dijo anteriormente, es que el alumno practique el ingls. Los readings sern evaluados por los ejercicios. Si se realizan correctamente como mnimo 3 ejercicios de cada Reading se obtendr un punto extra para el examen. La no realizacin de estos ejercicios supondr un negativo que bajar un punto del examen.

BIBLIOGRAFA
Stonehenge, Wikipedia Foundation Inc, 30 enero 2014 <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page> Crop circle, Wikipedia Foundation Inc, 4 febrero 2014 <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page> Dorsetghost. (2013, Septiembre 14). Berry Pomeroy most haunted castle-England ghosts [Archivo de video] <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KDbmu5Xd6k0>

Newsy Time. (2013, Junio 25) Ancient Egyptian statue spins on its own at Manchester museum [Archivo de video] <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vk6h5GpZzaM>

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