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Nanotechnology

in China and
National NanoCenter

Xing ZHU
Director, Office of Scientific Research
Peking University
Chief Scientist
National Center for Nanoscience and Technology
History: Nanotechnology in China

★ In the middle of 1980s, CAS and NSFC initiated support the


development of SPM and other scientific issues at the nanometer scale
★ 1987-1995, National High Technology Plan(863) started Ultrafine
Particles and Fine Ceramics item
★ 1990-1999, MOST approved the ‘Climbing up’ project and supported
nanomaterial science for ten successive years
★ 1999, MOST started a national key basic research project (973)
‘Nanomaterial and Nanostructure’, to continually support the basic
research on nanomaterials, such as nanotubes .
★2002, the National High Technology Plan(863) also established a series
of projects for nanomaterial and device applications.
★ From 1987, some public funds have also contributed to industrialization
of nanomaterials.
Founding agencies
• National Committee for Development &
Reform
• Ministry of Science and Technology
• Ministry of Education
• Chinese Academy of Sciences
• National Natural Science Foundation of
China
Direct and Coordinate

Coordination
¾ Leader of Coordination: National Steering Committee for
Nanotechnology ( October, 2000 )
¾ Committee provides planning, coordinating, consulting
Nano projects in China at the nation level
¾ Members of Committee :
21 scientists form universities and institutions
7 administrators from
¾ MOST
¾ State Development and Reform Commission,
¾ Ministry of Education,
¾ CAS
¾ NSFC
Funding for nanotechnology in China
100MUSD (2000-2005)
200MUSD (2006-2010)
• From 1999 to 2002, funding for nanotechnology from
government organizations increases 7 times
¾ 44M US$ from MOST for basic and applied research
¾ 28M US$ from NSFC for basic research
¾ 13M US$ from CAS for basic and applied research
¾ 23M US$ from SDRC for Nano Center
¾ Funding from local governments and enterprises for
commercialization
• Funding is limited comparing with developed countries
z Core Lab and Coordination Lab Coordination or Network
Lab of Center as second
public technique platform
Website and Future
Virtual lab
Micro-fabrication
Lab in CAS
SPM Lab NMR Lab
In CAS In Peking Uni.
Core Lab
国家纳米科学中心可行性研究

TEM Lab TEM & FIB Lab


In Tsinghua Uni. In Peking Uni.
Synthesis Lab
In Tsinghua Uni.

First Public
technique platform
Statistics of Institutions

> 50 Universities
> 21 Institutes, CAS
> 300 Enterprises
Research Centers on
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
• Chinese Academy of Sciences
• Tsinghua University
• Peking University
• National Center for Nano Science and
Technology China

• Fudan University
• Nanjing University
• East China University of Science and
Technology
History of
National Center for
Nanoscience and Tech
• Formally established in
December, 2002

• Full-scale operation
expected in 2005/2006
Mission
Mission of
of NCNST
NCNST
• Public technology platform for
nanoscience
• Research center for forefront
nanoscience and technology
• Center for education and public
awareness of nanoscience and
technology
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NCNST
NCNST
• Multi-agency
– National Committee for Development &Reform
– National Natural Science Foundation of China
– Ministry of Science and Technology
– Ministry of Education
– The Chinese Academy of Sciences
• Multi-discipline
– Physics, chemistry, biology, materials sciences,
engineering, ……
• Multi-function
– Academia
– Industry
– Education
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Infrastructure
Infrastructure of
of NCNST
NCNST

• Central research laboratories/facilities


• Coordination laboratories
• Contract research projects
• Collaborative programs
– Domestic
– International

13
Main
Main research
research fields
fields of
of
National
National Nano
Nano Center
Center
– Nanofabrication and devices
– Nanomaterials and structures
– Nanomedicine and bioengineering
– Characterization of nanostructures

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The Increasing Number of Nanotechnology Companies

Numbers of Entities Related to


Type of Entities Nanotechnology
July, 2001 July, 2002
Company 323 780
Registered with nano marked as co. name 57 138
Institute involve R.D. in nano 98 173
Public co. involving nano 50 58
• The 2003 review report on the patents of
Nano-ST from 2000 to 2002 by Thomson
Derwent ranks China as No.3 in the world
• Statistics of patents:
– USA: 32%
– Japan: 21%
– China: 12%
– Germany: 11%
– Korea: 8%
R&D Distribution by Institutions
p
Enterprise

5%
35%

R&D Distribution University 60% R&D Distribution


by Region CAS by Applications
Electronics

20% 10%
40% B i o 15% 20%
Other me
d ic
E astern al Other

40%
55%
Northern Materials
863 Program R&D Distribution by
Institution (Mil $) (2002-2003)
Other
Ent. 7.90
26.0
Uni.
74.6

CAS
43.3
Nano Networks
Three National Centers for Nanotechnology in China
① National Center for Nanoscience and Technology,
Beijing (250 M RMB, 14,000 qm)
② National Center for Promoting and Developing
Nanotechnology, Shanghai (350M RMB)
③ National Nano-Commercialization Base,
Tianjin ( 200M RMB, 22,000 qm)
22 local and University Centers:
Nanjing, Hefei, Shandong, Liaoning, ….
Education in Nanotechnology
• Courses of nanotech related topics, i.e.
introduction to nanotechnology
molecular electronics
nanobiotech.
• Graduate Degrees
new degrees for nanotech
reform on the degree awarding system
“interdisciplinary nanotechnology” program
Website: National Nano Ctr
Nanotech Dadabase-National Center