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# Modifications to Microstrip-fed Slot Antenna by FEKO

Contents
1.1 Scaling the geometry .................................................................................................................................................. 2

Plane/Ground: Planar multilayer substrate Layer 0: ground plane on bottom/free space medium Layer 1: no ground plane/substrate height/dielectric medium

Top View Edge Properties (all edges): Local mesh size: mesh_slot Feed Line Stub

Rectangledefined slot

Face Property: Global mesh size Solution: Planar Greens function aperture Wire port on segment, middle of wire, normal polarity Local wire radius = substrate height/(15*4) Perfect electric conductor Feed Wire Polygon defined feed connection Local mesh size=substrate height Bottom View

## Voltage Source Magnitude=1 Phase=0 Impedance=50

Feed line and stub split into 4 faces Perfect electric conductor Local mesh size=mesh_line

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Figure 1

## 1.1 Scaling the geometry

First I simplify the model (fig 1) to make it easier to understand and manipulate. (i) Copied original model. (ii) Removed equations describing the mesh sizes and inputted the numerical value. [Check results = ] Parameter Central Frequency Wavelength Input Impedance r Substrate eff Height Width Length Length Width Height Width Length Width Length Width Slot Line Mesh Global Original 5 GHz 60 mm = 50 4.35 ( ) = 3.3 Simplified 5 GHz 60 mm = 50 4.35 3.3 1.5 mm = /40 743.3 m = 0.0124 18.58 mm = 0.3097 9.29 mm = 0.155 2.89 mm = 0.0482 1.31 mm = 0.0218 2.89 mm = 0.0482 92.91 mm = 1.5485 74.33 mm = 1.239 16.197 mm = 0.27 625.67 m = 0.0104 371.65 m = 0.00619 625.67 m = 0.0104 Custom Size: Triangle edge length = max_wavelength/7 = 0.006589 m Wire segment length = 0.01 m Global Wire Radius: Wire segment radius = 0.01 m

## Slot Feed Line Feed Connection Ground Plane Stub

1.5 mm = /40 743.3 m = 0.0124 18.58 mm = 0.3097 9.29 mm = 0.155 2.89 mm = 0.0482 1.31 mm = 0.0218 2.89 mm = 0.0482 92.91 mm = 1.5485 74.33 mm = 1.239 16.197 mm = 0.27 625.67 m = 0.0104 slot_length/50 371.65 m = 0.00619 min(min(max_wavelength/sqrt(eff)/30,feed_line_w idth/1.0),matching_section_width) 625.67 m = 0.0104 Custom Size: Triangle edge length = max_wavelength/7 = 0.006589 m Wire segment length = 0.01 m Global Wire Radius: Wire segment radius = 0.01m

Table 1

Differences between the results in (ii) are attributed to a different mesh. From original and simplified model out files: No. metallic triangles = 501 355 No. aperture triangles = 226 236

I do not understand why the mesh settings have changed. I have directly copied the value from the equation. The equation consists of constant quantities, so I cannot see any reason why this is happening. To assess the seriousness of the situation I will manually modify the mesh and examine the results 1.1.1 Effect of Mesh Size: (i) Original (equation defined) (ii) Duplicate (values) (iii) Coarse mesh for all geometry. (iv) Regular mesh for all geometry. (v) Fine mesh for all geometry. (vi) Adaptive mesh for all geometry. (vii) /300 for all geometry. Results in figure 2. [2 mins] [2 mins] [2 mins] [2 mins] [2 mins] [2 mins] [77 mins]

Figure 2