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0bjective÷The stuuents will:
! 0nueistanu the iuea that houses come in a vaiiety of shapes anu mateiials anu aie built foi a
vaiiety of ieasons.

! Books: !"#$ &'#()* +#$ &'#(); &,-) .'# !))" &'#()(/; 01) -233,$) '4 5'#"6 ,"6 !7#,8)
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! viueo: @'"6)84#3 @'836 '4 &'#()( 9&:;!! <)62, =)">)8(?
! Copies of "@'"6)84#3 @'836 '4 &'#()( viueo Notes" (on u¡T Wiki)

1. Ask stuuents what they know about the piocess of builuing a house. List the iueas on the boaiu
oi chait papei. Reau !"#$ &'#()* +#$ &'#() to see how many of theii iueas weie in the book.
Biscuss the ones they uiun't name.
2. Reau exceipts fiom &,-) .'# !))" &'#()(/ anu show pictuies of the vaiiety of houses fiom
aiounu the woilu. Ask them if they've seen any of them anu wheie.
S. The thiiu book, 01) A233,$) '4 5'#"6 ,"6 !7#,8) &'#()(* tells how a village came to live in an
unoiuinaiy aiiangement. Biscuss iueas about how villages, towns, cities, anu civilizations giow
natuially in theii habitats. Compaie this to the ieasons why Columbia anu the suiiounuing
aiea have uevelopeu. Elicit the iuea that shelteis evolve out of theii enviionments anu uevelop
along with theii accompanying civilization. Bouses ieflect the uwelleis insiue.
4. Bistiibute "@'"6)84#3 @'836 '4 &'#()( viueo Notes" anu uisplay @'"6)84#3 @'836 '4 &'#()(.
Stop the viueo to uiscuss poitions of the movie anu foi stuuents to take notes. 0pon
completion, stuuents shoulu have a fiim giasp of:
! Types of houses
! Wheie houses aie built
! Bow houses aie built
! What mateiials aie useu
! Reasons why they'ie so uiffeient
! The Five Factois affecting the uesign anu builuing of houses

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0bjectives÷The stuuents will:
! Contiast city to iuial housing.
! Befine impoitant vocabulaiy teims associateu with housing in uiffeient paits of the woilu.
! Biscuss auvantages anu uisauvantages of types of housing anu living aiiangements.

! Copies of "Bong Kong vs. }ava village," stuuent iesouice, (S pages, on u¡T Wiki)
! Biawing papei

1. uioup stuuents into thiees
2. Bistiibute "Bong Kong vx. }ava village" anu have stuuents ieau "Bigh-Rise Apaitment
Blocks -Bong Kong." as you ieau it alouu, claiifying unfamiliai woius anu phiases. Bave
them uiscuss the questions in theii gioups anu be piepaieu to uiscuss them with the whole
S. Bave them ieau "Naga village," while you ieau it alouu. Bave them uiscuss what they think
the village anu suiiounuing aiea look like. Bave them uiaw theii visualizations on uiawing
papei anu label theii uiawings.
4. Review the uiiections on "Bong Kong vs. }ava Wiiting Assignment" anu elicit some
iesponses to the questions oially. Nouel youi own iesponses. Assign the wiiting task as

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0bjective÷The stuuents will:
! 0se an atlas to iuentify physical aspects of local enviionment anu theii effect on type of
! Biaw conclusions about uesigns anu constiuction mateiials.

! Copies of "0h, uive Ne a Bome!" stuuent iesouice (on u¡T Wiki)
! Access to computei lab
! http:¡¡¡wfest¡house¡house-e.html

1. 0sing a woilu map, have stuuents locate Columbia, NB. Biscuss the physical enviionment
anu its impact on the types of housing we live in. Biscuss climate, vegetation, anu teiiain.
What builuing mateiials aie ieauily available. Why aie oui houses built the way they aie.
What iole uoes technology play in the builuing of oui homes.
2. Bave stuuents access the website anu choose a type of uwelling to ieseaich.
S. Stuuents may use atlases (eithei online oi book) to leain about the enviionment in which
theii house choice is built.
4. Reseaich can¡shoulu continue outsiue of class.
S. Bistiibute "0h, uive Ne a Bome!" anu have stuuents iesponu to the questions.

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0bjectives÷The stuuents will:
! Iuentify anu uesciibe alteinative builuing mateiials.
! Iuentify auvantages anu uisauvantages of each.

! Copies of "Alteinative Builuing - Inteinet Reseaich," stuuent iesouice (on u¡T Wiki)
! Teachei laptop anu piojectoi to uisplay
! Computei access to http:¡¡, one foi each stuuent
! "Bong-Kong vs. }ava Wiiting Assignment" fiom Lesson 2

1. Ask stuuents to finu "Bong-Kong vs. }ava Wiiting Assignment" fiom Lesson 2 in theii
2. 0n the boaiu, chait a list of builuing mateiials useu in stuuents' homes.
S. Ask stuuents what othei builuing mateiials they've leaineu about so fai. List.
4. Ask stuuents how we get electiicity, watei, etc. to oui homes. What happens to the waste that
comes out of oui homes. Bow aie oui homes connecteu. Ask how ships at sea get theii
powei anu ueal with theii waste. Intiouuce the iuea that homes can also be "untetheieu" fiom
the "giiu." Intiouuce the teim "off the giiu." Tell stuuents that they will be leaining about a
veiy special type of home calleu an eaithship.
S. Bisplay the gieenhomebuiluing site. Point out the alteinative builuing mateiials listeu on the
left siue of the scieen.
6. Bistiibute "Alteinative Builuing - Inteinet Reseaich" anu have stuuents uesciibe two uiffeient
builuing mateiials.
7. Ask stuuents to access to leain about eaithships anu answei questions
about them on "Alteinative Builuing - Inteinet Reseaich."

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0bjective÷The stuuents will:
! Befine anu uesciibe the uieenhouse Effect

! "uieen Builuing," ;'E)8;'2"> Piesentation (on u¡T Wiki)
! "Intiouuction to LEEB" ;'E)8;'2"> Piesentation (on u¡T Wiki)
! "We Love uieen Builuings," ;'E)8;'2"> Piesentation (on u¡T Wiki)
! "LEEB uieen Builuing," ;'E)8;'2"> Piesentation (on u¡T Wiki)
! Copies of "The uieenhouse Effect Questions," stuuent iesouice (on u¡T Wiki)
! Computei lab access
! http:¡¡¡climatestuuents¡inuex.html
! Copies of "Builuings Najoi Souice of uieenhouse uases" (on u¡T Wiki oi use website)

1. 0se the ;'E)8;'2">( to intiouuce the impact of builuings on oui enviionment anu LEEB
2. Ask stuuents what they know about The uieenhouse Effect.
S. Bistiibute "The uieenhouse Effect Questions" stuuent iesouice. Bave them ieau the
infoimation anu uiscuss the questions.
4. Allow stuuents to exploie the climate change website anu eithei the text copy of the
:1,>>,"''$," aiticle oi website.
S. Bave stuuents answei the questions.

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0bjectives÷The stuuents will:
! Explain a contiolleu expeiiment.
! Builu a solai house mouel.
! Conuuct a vaiiety of solai heating expeiiments.
! Explain the uiffeience between B,((2-) anu ,=>2-) solai.

! Resouices fiom &'> @,>)8 ,"6 @,8< &'<)( 48'< !#"32$1>, LBS-uENS (available via u¡T 0ffice)
! Solai house mouel (uiiections anu foims available in &'> @,>)8 ,"6 @,8< &'<)( 48'<

Teachei Backgiounu:

What is Passive Solar?
Passive solar design is the utilization of the sun's energy, the geographical climate, and the properties of different materials to heat
and cool buildings. It includes a variety of methods that use no human-made energy to operate and can reduce the amount of
energy needed for heating and cooling by considerable amounts.
Although passive solar design might seem new to you, the basic principles have been around for centuries. In years past,
indigenous people who lived in harsh desert locations built partially-underground homes that kept them cool during the day and
warm at night. They also built adobe homes in cliff-side caves that were chosen because the winter sun warmed them and the
summer sun couldn't reach them.
Passive solar should not be confused with active solar design or photovoltaic solar cells. While active solar design is similar to
passive, it uses small amounts of energy to help transport the heat created. For example, if a solar wall heats up air that then
naturally rises, it is called passive solar; if a fan was used to help move the air, then it would be considered "active." Active solar
design still uses considerably less energy than standard methods of heating and cooling; its small amount of energy used greatly
increases its ability to move hot and cold air around. Photovoltaic solar cells are solar panels used to generate electricity; they
could be coupled with active solar designs so that the small amount of power needed comes entirely from "clean" energy.
Why Passive Solar?
Passive solar design is an important aspect of building design because people and businesses are looking to save money on energy
costs and be environmentally responsible. The appliances that create hot or cold temperatures in our buildings require large
amounts of energy and although they work rather well, they have two main drawbacks. The first drawback is the cost associated
with running these devices. The average US family spends approximately $1,900 a year on energy of all kinds, including
electricity and gas, with about half of that cost due to just heating and cooling the house. That means a family spends about $950 a
year to control the temperature inside its home — and that cost goes up considerably for larger homes.
The second issue has to do with the greenhouse gases emitted due to the production of energy needed for these appliances. Air
conditioning units are usually powered by electricity while central heating units are often powered by gas. Most electricity and gas
are created by methods that pollute the atmosphere with greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide. So, the more energy we use, the
more greenhouse gases are emitted. Civil engineers who study and design heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC)
systems look for ways to reduce these negative effects of heating and cooling.
One way is to make the appliances more energy efficient so that they use less energy to do the same job. Even when made very
efficient, most of these modern appliances still require large amounts of energy to do the job. If the standard appliances used could
be replaced, or at least complimented, by methods of heating and cooling that require no human-made energy, this would help with
the problem! Unfortunately, passive solar heating is not an instant replacement to conventional heating methods because homes
would need to be re-designed around the various methods to maximize the amount of heating produced. And, even then it
sometimes does not produce enough heat as is desired. For now, engineers combine passive solar heating with conventional
methods to reduce the need for energy-guzzling heating appliances.
Passive Solar in Practice If you have ever spent some time in the sun on a hot day, you know that the sun has an incredible ability
to heat things up. Think of how hot the inside of a car gets after it has been in the sun for awhile. Tapping the sun's power is useful
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in working towards becoming more energy efficient because its energy is free and in near endless supply. That's why we consider
solar energy a "renewable" source of energy.
The simplest method of passive solar heating is sunlight shining through windows. Since we know that the sun rises higher in the
sky during the summer than in the winter, engineers and architects design buildings that allow sunlight through the windows
during the winter months when the building needs heating, but block the sunlight during the summer to help keep the building
After sunset, have you ever felt the warmth from a big rock or a concrete bench that has been in the sun all day? The rock and the
bench absorbed and stored the heat, and released it slowly. Working in the same way, a key passive solar technique is for the
radiant heat of sunlight that enters a building to be absorbed by a thermal mass inside the structure. A thermal massmight be a big
wall or area of floor that is composed of a construction material that is able to absorb large amounts of heat, such as concrete,
brick, tiles or even water. As the sun sets and the air temperature lowers, the thermal mass slowly releases the heat it gathered all
day to help maintain a comfortable indoor temperature through the night. In the summer, the same thermal mass can draw warmth
from the surrounding air to cool a space. In all seasons, the ability of thermal mass to store heat helps to maintain a uniform
The two main ideas behind solar cooling are ventilation and the prevention of heat from entering the building. Proper ventilation is
achieved by strategically placing windows so that as much air as possible can be circulated when open. One way to prevent heat
from entering a building is to design the building with thermal mass on the outside so that it absorbs the heat before entering the
building. Another method is to plant large shade trees so they shade the building from direct sunlight during the summer months.


Passive Solar Design
A passive solar system does not involve mechanical devices or the use of conventional energy sources beyond that needed to
regulate dampers and other controls, if any. Classic examples of basic passive solar structures are greenhouses, sunrooms and
solariums -- as the sun's rays pass through the glass windows, the interior absorbs and retains the heat. Modeling this concept in
your home can cut heating costs by half compared to heating the same home by traditional means without the use of passive solar
(see References 1). In terms of design, success of the passive solar system depends on orientation and the thermal mass of the
structure's exterior walls, which means their ability to store and redistribute heat (see References 2).
Passive Solar Collectors
A passive solar system typically relies on south-facing windows as collectors to capture solar energy, although some systems may
also use supplemental PV panels. In any case, the goal is to redistribute the energy collected according to a fundamental law of
thermodynamics, which states that heat moves from warm to cool areas and surfaces (see References 3). The simplest method of
transferring the heat from passive solar collectors is through convection. To illustrate, think of a sunroom with windows on a
southern wall. As the sun's rays travel through the glass, the heat is directed into the room. It then rises to areas where the air is
cooler, including other rooms beyond and above.
Active Solar Design
Active solar systems use external sources of energy to power blowers, pumps and other types of equipment to collect, store and
convert solar energy. Once energy from the sun is absorbed, it is stored for later use. Small systems are used to furnish electricity
for heating and cooling systems in homes and other buildings, while large systems can furnish power for entire communities (see
References 4).
Active Solar Collectors
Solar collectors are more complex than passive collectors in both design and mechanism. They consist of flat-plate PV panels that
are usually mounted and remain stationary, although some are designed to track the sun throughout the course of the day. In some
designs, multiple panels are connected together to form modules (see References 4). Active solar collectors contain either air or a
liquid as a conductor. Those that use air are referred to as "air collectors," while liquid-based types are called "hydronic collectors"
(see References 5). The advanced design of these collectors makes an active solar heating system the most cost-effective in terms
of reducing reliance on traditional energy sources


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0bjective÷The stuuents will:
! Explain how self-expiession affects home uesign.

! Nuebele images (uoogle "Nuebele" anu choose I<,$)()
! Fiist 7u seconus of movie: J6)G)3) 0)882>'8K 9'" LD0 @2M2?
! Copies of "The Nuebele," stuuent iesouice (on u¡T Wiki)
! Caiuboaiu, iuleis, ciayons, paint, paintbiushes

1. Ask stuuents how theii homes ieflect theii peisonalities. Bow is it uecoiateu. What types
of changes have they anu theii families maue to peisonalize theii homes. What makes it
unique. Bow uoes it ieflect who they anu who theii families aie.
2. Show the images anu movie about the Nuebele tiibe in southein Afiica.
S. Bistiibute "The Nuebele" anu have stuuents ieau the infoimation.
4. Bave stuuents cieate theii own Nuebele village. Each stuuent oi paii cieates a pait that
ieflects who they aie anu theii enviionment.

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0bjectives÷The stuuents will:
! Locate Bowaiu County Builuing Peimit piocess infoimation.
! Locate Bowaiu County Builuing Coues infoimation.
! Locate Bowaiu County Eneigy Conseivation Coue infoimation.

! Access to computei lab anu teachei computei anu piojectoi
! Builuing Peimit infoimation: http:¡¡¡uepaitments.aspx.IB=76S
! Builuing Coue infoimation:
! Eneigy Conseivation Coue infoimation:
! uieen Builuing anu Neighboihoous infoimation:
! Copies of "Resiuential Eneigy Efficiency Coue," stuuent iesouice (on u¡T Wiki)
! Copies of "Resiuential Bata Collection Checklist," stuuent iesouice (on u¡T Wiki)
! Noithfielu Elementaiy anu Bucketts Lane Elementaiy infoimation (on u¡T Wiki)
! Copies of "Speech Wiiting - 0pinion," stuuent iesouice anu iubiic (on u¡T Wiki)

1. Pioviue backgiounu on builuing coues anu theii puiposes. 0sing a computei anu piojectoi,
show stuuents wheie to finu infoimation on the builuing peimit piocess via the websites.
Stuuents will see the steps a builuei oi homeownei must take in oiuei to apply foi anu
ieceive a builuing peimit.
2. Review the Bowaiu County Eneigy Conseivation Coues anu uieen Builuing Coues using
websites anu piint iesouices.
S. As a gioup, uiscuss anu list the enviionmental, economic, anu health anu community
benefits associateu with the uieen Builuing Coues anu iequiiements. What impact uo these
coues have on oui community.
4. Banu out the Noithfielu ES anu Bucketts Lane ES infoimation anu have stuuents iuentify a
"gieen" builuing solution that was incluueu at those schools that coulu be uone at the oluei
schools in Bowaiu County.
S. Speech wiiting to aigue foi the builuing solution of theii choice (BCPSS Speech Wiiting

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0bjective÷The stuuents will:
! Besign anu builu a mouel of a Bieam "uieen" Bouse taking into account the Five Factois anu
"gieen" builuing piinciples.

! Copies of "Culminating Pioject Task," stuuent iesouice
! Copies of "Reseaich Repoit Rubiic," stuuent iesouice (BCPSS Reseaich Repoit Rubiic)

1. Review what was leaineu uuiing the seminai.
2. Ask stuuents what elements they woulu want to incluue in a Bieam "uieen" Bouse if they
coulu builu it anywheie they wanteu anu incluue all the featuies they want. List iueas. Ask:
Wheie woulu you builu it. Why. What mateiials woulu you use. Why. Bow uoes the
house meet youi neeus. Bow is the house "gieen." Wheie have you seen similai houses.
S. Bistiibute ":#3<inating Pioject Task" anu ieview iequiiements.