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CLEAN SKY Aeronautics & Air Transport JTI

Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform

INEGI - Portugal
November 2006

Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI)

TABLE OF CONTENT

1. 2. 3. 3.1. 3.2. 3.3. 4. 4.1. 4.2. 4.3. 5. 6. 6.1. 6.2. 6.3. 6.4. 6.5. 6.6. 6.7. 6.8. 6.9.

PROPONENT IDENTIFICATION SUMMARY DESCRIPTION OF THE WORK AND RELEVANCE Introduction Rationale Proposed Technologies EXISTING EXPERTISE AT INEGI INEGI Research Team for the GRA Platform INEGI Project Leader for the GRA Platform Scientific Production of INEGI Team NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION PROPOSED WORK WITHIN THE GRA PLATFORM Structures and Materials Damage and Fracture Mechanics Numerical Modelling Techniques Experimental Mechanics and Non-Destructive Testing Vibration Analysis and Control Tribology and Maintenance Rapid Prototyping and Rapid Tooling Sheet Metal Forming Technologies Multidisciplinary Design and Manufacturing Optimization

3 4 4 4 5 7 10 10 12 12 13 13 13 15 16 17 18 19 21 22 23 25 28 29 37 39

6.10 INEGI Contribution in the GRA Platform Work Plan 7. PROPOSED BUDGET

ANNEX I – Curriculum Vitae of INEGI Leading Scientist ANNEX II – Letter of Intent ANNEX III – List of R&D Collaborative Projects

INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform

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Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI)

1. PROPONENT IDENTIFICATION INEGI is a private Non-Profit Organization (a University-to-Industry Interface Institute) aiming to contribute to the development of both industry and university, through research and development, demonstration and technology transfer in the areas of conception and project, design, mechanical simulation, materials, production engineering, energy, tribology and industrial maintenance, management and environment. The shareholders of INEGI are the University of Porto (40%), Industrial Associations and SME’s (60%). INEGI activities are focused on Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management and Information Technology Engineering and its competence is recognized by Portuguese and European entities mainly because of its participation in a great number of successful R&D projects, and specialized services and consultancies to industry. Since its creation in 1986, INEGI has been growing steadily, broadening its area of intervention to almost all areas of Mechanical Engineering and Industrial Management. More than 1500 projects have been developed over the last 20 years, for public and private companies as well as governmental institutions, under different types of contracts, established according to the nature of the projects and the organisations involved. Whenever necessary and possible, the creation of INEGI/Client combined work teams has been assured, as well as the cooperation with other national and foreign technological infrastructures and support from institutions which are geared towards the funding of R&D and technology transfer activities. In July 1990 INEGI was awarded the status of Institution of Public Utility, and was also recognized as an important organisation for the scientific, Industrial and technological development in Portugal. INEGI staff is composed of some 180 people, 20% of which have a doctoral degree, 60% are graduate scientists and engineers, and the remaining 20% are technicians and administrative. The organizational chart of the Institute is as presented below (Figure 1). Further information about the mission, the organization and the activities of INEGI can be found in the Institute website at http://www.inegi.up.pt.

Figure 1 – Organizational Chart of INEGI

INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform

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Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI)

2. SUMMARY Aeronautics and Space are entering a new age - the age of sustainable growth – characterized by the need of more affordable, cleaner, quieter, safer air travel and space exploration. New research and development will be essential in responding to this challenge. INEGI–Institute of Mechanical Engineering and Industrial Management proposes to become an Associate Member of the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform of the Clean Sky Aeronautics & Air Transport JTI in the 7th Framework Programme of the European Commission. The mission consists of developing fundamental engineering science and associated technologies with application to air and space vehicles, associated systems and components. The work programme is planned in accordance with the goal of strengthening and integrating the GRA Platform initiative and to meet the society’s needs for more efficient, safer and environmentally friendly air travel and space exploration. This proposal gathers the expertise of more than 25 PhD senior researchers in the areas of Mechanical Engineering, Aeronautics and Space that have been developing a continued activity of research and development in line with the National and European priority areas of action, supporting industrial partners, regulatory entities, development planning, expert consulting and others, adding in this form to the improvement of technological development, the persecution of the national objectives for policies in science and technology and for a more visible and active involvement in international activities. The matrix of competences of INEGI with respect to the GRA Platform needs, the mission and objectives of the proposed activity of the Institute are described in the following sections. 3. DESCRIPTION OF THE WORK AND RELEVANCE 3.1. Introduction Aeronautics and space activities play a vital role in Europe’s economy and our overall quality of life. However, by its very nature, this activity has impacts on the environment, ranging from air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions and water pollution to urban sprawl, all of which impact on our health and well being. Sustainable air travel and space exploration can create viable, long-term economic and business opportunities. The development of new materials, processes, and design innovation technologies presents new strategic growth opportunities in an increasingly competitive global economy. Over the past two decades, new fields of engineering have emerged from a spurt of invention and innovation led by new materials. In particular, the emerging science of multifunctional materials has spurred progress engineering to enhance the performance of structural systems. The new technologies have invited us to revise the engineering rules, not only because they spur new industries but also because they embody a sweeping capacity to lower the weight and cost of designing and manufacturing new structural systems while improving overall performance. The fields of smart structures, advanced composites, alternative propulsion systems and communication, navigation and control capabilities are predicted to be some of key-enabling technologies that will fuel industrial growth in the aeronautics and space sectors in the 21st century. The improved understanding of these technologies and associated processes will be of direct use to the industrial partners. Given its multidisciplinary nature, covering materials

INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform

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Environment. green. the proposed technologies and the research capabilities at INEGI INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 5 . Rationale The output from INEGI’s proposed research program within the GRA Platform will provide basic and applied research to support the development of innovative technologies. more survivable and safe in the advent of accidents. Safety. Affordability. In the aeronautics and space engineering fields. controls and instrumentation engineering. Habitability.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) science. all-composite. Efficiency Requirements Aeronautics and Space all-composite aircraft morphing aircraft quiet aircraft green aircraft rigidizable and inflatables spacecraft and probes novel configurations autonomous aircraft Technologies: • Smart structures • Composite and metallic structures • Joining and repair • Structural Integrity • Health monitoring • Inflatable materials • Noise and vibration • Robotics • Efficient engines • Mechatronic systems • High lift and drag reduction • Crashworthiness INEGI Capabilities: • Composite materials • Mechanical and product design • Damage and fracture mechanics • Structural analysis and vibrations • Tribology & industrial maintenance • Testing of materials and products • Exp. Manufacturability Integration. Figure 2 depicts the requirements that drive the development of new technologies and the basic research needed to realize novel concepts such as morphing . Innovation. and more efficient in terms of air pollution. the research will produce results that will directly benefit the purpose of the GRA Platform and the aeronautics and space sectors in Europe. quiet air and space vehicles and platforms. stress analysis & NDT • Multidisciplinary optimization • Actuators and sensors • Rapid prototyping and tooling • Sheet metal forming technologies Figure 2 – Synergy between the needs. aerodynamics. Additionally. focusing on the use of multifunctional materials. more habitable in terms of comfort ride and noise pollution. through the expansion of knowledge in materials science. 3. manufacturing. propulsion and instrumentation. the current trends point towards the development and design of more affordable vehicles in terms of cost. structures. controls. Survivability.2. autonomous. it should be noted the contribution of the proposed activities to the development of the national aerospace research and industrial sectors and the fostering of the Portuguese participation in the European common efforts to promote aeronautics and space.

The primary principle of active noise control is to sense the noise disturbances in the engine and cancel them before they leave the engine. In effect. the fan duct and the core duct. There is a major need for the EU to expand its research capabilities in this rapidly developing area. like search and rescue and fire surveillance. (c)-Quiet Aircraft: Increases in air traffic and growth in populations that surround airports are resulting in a noise impact on a larger percentage of the community and a stronger desire to reduce the noise around airports. and increased potential for future development. Theoretical understanding of jet noise is used to develop ideas for noise reduction concepts that are tested in model scale. Smart materials research has long been the foundation of studies on smart and adaptive technologies for aerospace vehicles. controls. and actuator/sensor design. active flow control. counter flow thrust vectoring is a fluidic technique developed with the dual objective of achieving thrust vectoring without the use of movable parts. Composite materials provide greater durability. An approach to noise reduction is the active noise control effort. They can be considered as disruptive because they will revolutionize air and space engineering in many areas. INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 6 . by pushing through the air. avoiding hysteretic behaviour common to fluidic devices. Developing new concepts. Tomorrow’s avionic systems will control clusters of micro-satellites and swarms of mini and micro AUVs that will fly and work together. as well as enhancing current approaches. The fan blades. We are looking at novel concepts and configurations for uninhabited air vehicles. The final goal of this effort is to have computer models for jet noise that will predict the source of the noise and how it is sent into the surrounding air. will not be enough. A substantial research effort is beginning to be devoted in the field of morphing/active aeroelastic technologies. The unique capabilities of smart materials and structures have inspired numerous innovative concepts that are crucial enablers to adaptive structural morphing. the air is split down two different paths. in order to develop new fuel efficient morphing/active aeroelastic aircraft designs which will be able to compete with future US designs. there is little weight difference between composite and aluminium materials and the cost of the fabricating composite components has become more competitive. Once past the fan. It is also possible that sensors will be embedded into the composite structures to monitor the health and help schedule maintenance. (d)-Morphing Aircraft: Active aeroelastic and morphing aerospace structures are ideal applications for smart materials. On the propulsion side. Another improvement in efficiency will come in the way the airplane is designed and built. simplified mechanisms and a host of other approaches.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) (a)-Autonomous Vehicles: Autonomous Unmanned Air and space Air Vehicles (AUVs) growing family of vehicles includes a large number of new technological developments. Interestingly. This is a multidisciplinary effort involving duct acoustics. cause noise by themselves. Cooperative control will enable swarms to execute coordinated tasks. the technology is getting mature enough to consider its integration into the overall multidisciplinary aircraft design methodology. Researchers are also looking at incorporating health-monitoring systems that will allow the airplane to self-monitor and report maintenance requirements to ground-based computer systems. (b)-Green Aircraft: Advances in materials are allowing researchers to evaluate new composite and aluminium possibilities to find the best solutions for durability and cost. reduced maintenance. There are many sources of noise from current aircraft. and at the same time. negative noise is made to cancel out the engine's sound waves so that no noise is heard. the vast majority of which is in the USA. The theory of noise generation (aeroacoustics) has to be studied and computer codes to simulate the theory have to be developed.

Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) (e)-All-Composite Aircraft: The increased use of advanced composite materials in aeronautics would lead to major reductions in the operating costs of transport aircraft. drag reduction and high-lift devices. to name a few. noise and vibration suppression. composite structures. taking advantage of all progress in the domains of aerodynamics. inspection procedures. flight testing. etc. Novel aircraft configurations will require validation for lifting and flight stability and control taking into account safety and certification issues. and architectures with combined functions. robotics. wing-to-fuselage). efficient engines. The manufacture of an all composite aircraft requires a high level of structural integration leading to important gains in terms of weight savings. express service versus scheduled service. (a)-Smart Structures: In the past decade. damage monitoring. structures. Future demand will remain segmented: long and short range. The advances in material sciences have provided a comprehensive and theoretical framework for implementing multi-functionality into materials. to product design and development and to operating concepts. actuators and control circuit elements into a single system that can respond adaptively to environmental changes in a useful manner. crashworthiness. Solutions will include those that depend on new approaches. joining and repair. and the development of high-speed digital computers has permitted the transformation of that framework into methodologies for practical design and production. high and low capacity. Some of the required key technologies required for an all-composite aircraft include design tools for highly-loaded junctions (e. The proposed new technologies include new research and development in the fields of smart structures.3. flight controls. INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 7 . technologies or end-products. to the use of fixed and rotary wing aircraft. damage tolerance. The objective is to demonstrate an increased operational efficiency of civil aircraft incorporating new configurations and technologies in response to market forecasts. The European Aerospace Industry is committed to increase the use of advanced composite materials and adaptive or smart structures in primary aircraft and spacecraft structures. health monitoring. Adaptive structures represent a new approach or design philosophy that integrates the actions of sensors. These integrated systems possess a functionality that adds significant value to materials. repair. a wing to lift it and horizontal and vertical tail-planes at the rear part of the fuselage for stability and control. 3. (f)-Novel Configurations: Today’s commercial transport aircraft present the classical configuration consisting of a fuselage for the cabin.g. which in turn enables system performance enhancements that are not possible with traditional conventional approaches. multidisciplinary design. instrumentation. This typical configuration is fully adapted to technologies developed in the last decades. inflatable and rigidizable materials for application to large space structures. transonic and super sonic speed. technological developments in materials and computer sciences have evolved to the point where their synergistic combination has culminated in a new field of multi-disciplinary research in adaptation. mechatronic systems. Proposed Technologies The value-added products and processes delineated in the preceding section will require the development of new technologies in order to realize the proposed novel systems. Since then several technological improvements are reaching a level of maturity that will allow to perform a novel optimisation of the global architecture of the aircraft. and in the reduction of both manufacturing and maintenance costs. luxury and economy.

and the advent of faster computers. and repair procedures need to be defined. Therefore.and high velocity impacts resulting from events such as runway debris or bird impacts. (d)-Joining and Repair: Both bonded and bolted joints are extensively used to join the components of aerospace structures. These events may damage a structural component. reliable and general joint design methods for aerospace structures are required to avoid unnecessary over design and the corresponding weight penalties. The most recognized types of materials are shape memory alloys. Considering that the joints are very often the critical part of a structure. the development of design tools based on accurate models that simulate the mechanical behaviour of composite materials is required to reduce the cost of a composite structure. (c)-Health Monitoring: The aircraft industry. one of the most innovative industries. The spacecraft structures can be subjected to both low. the Maintenance and the Design. buckling. respectively. mainly in composite structures. Commercial systems for precise placement of prepreg composite tows allow the fabrication of advanced composite structures in which the tows may be precisely laid down along curvilinear paths within a given ply to produce what is called “variable stiffness” (VS) composite laminates. the novel joining INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 8 . Structural health monitoring (SHM) in this industry is of fundamental importance from the point of view of weight reduction. the joints are a source of weakness and contribute to an excess of weight.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) The key technological developments that have combined to establish the potential feasibility of mechatronic systems and advanced adaptive structures include the development of functional materials and their utilization in devices such as distributed actuators and sensors. if the detectable damage sizes can be reduced. is constantly obliged to introduce new materials and technologies. the development of appropriate techniques for accurate damage detection. magnetic and electric fields. This fact contributes to the high cost of composite structures. new algorithms and signal processing technologies. The procedures typically used to repair structural components are both bonded and bolted patches. for monitoring hot spot areas for early damage detection and to perform crack monitoring. due to the stress concentrations created. iv) the life extension and v) the early crack detection. The latter has as main objectives the improvement of structural efficiency and most of all the saving in the weight. However. with difficulty in applying non-destructive techniques (NDT) and when the load spectra are variable. ii) the crack monitoring. VS laminates have great potential for improving the structural performance of composite structures in terms of stiffness. The electro-magneto-thermo-mechano-rheological materials have opened up new horizons in terms of actuation simplicity. iii) the corrosion monitoring.. which develop strains or displacements when exposed to thermal. compactness and miniaturization potential. With the advent of novel manufacturing techniques it is possible to define new types of composite structures. i. These will consist essentially on vibration-based methods. most critical in areas with restricted access. magnetostrictive materials and piezoelectrics. The predicted areas where developments are intended to be focussed are those related to NDT methods for the early detection of faults.e. Within the former the main preoccupations are i) the reduction of inspections. and failure loads. Therefore. Therefore. the soundness of their design procedures is reflected on the overall weight and cost of the product. There are two main application areas for SHM. (b)-Composite Structures: The certification process of advanced composite structures relies upon a large number of expensive experimental tests. The expected weight reduction may result from a modification in today’s damage tolerance philosophy.

The objective is to develop methods/tools to predict the behaviour of aircraft structures subjected to high velocity impacts. formerly mechanical functions are replaced by computer controlled functions. (e)-Mechatronic Systems: Mechatronics plays an important role in systems design since many technical processes and products in the area of mechanical and electrical engineering are showing and increasing integration of mechanics with computing control and information processing. Stray vibration may cause misreading and reduced sensitivity in navigational gyroscopes. sensors and actuators implementation. This technical progress has a very large impact in the engineering world with particular relevance to aeronautical and space industries. noise and vibration control.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) technologies to be developed will be relevant for the design of repair procedures for advanced aircraft and spacecraft structures. Therefore. in developing new sensors and actuators. INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 9 . for design and certification of aircraft subjected to such impacts. or the quiet aircraft where sensors and actuators are integrated to reduce noise by active means. resulting in a weight penalty and hence an adverse effect on the performance of aircraft. Mechatronic design is essential features in designing new aircrafts and space crafts. etc. (g)-Noise and Vibration: Vibrations can cause damage due to material fatigue or compromise performance of precision instruments. $74m worth of damage was done to US aircraft by impacts with wildlife. Most “events” have less serious consequences. High velocity impacts on aircraft due to flying objects and survivable crash landings on different surfaces are complex phenomena because of the high number of variables involved. Such variables include material characteristics of the impacted media. This integration is between the components (hardware) and by the information driven functions (software) resulting in integrated systems called mechatronic systems. Thus. communication antennas. Thus. Its development involves finding an optimal balance between the basic mechanical structure. At technological level mechatronics is the cornerstone to development in smart structures. it is now becoming more realistic to develop computational methods for predicting the behaviour of aircraft structures subjected to survivable crashes and high velocity impact scenarios. (f)-Crashworthiness: The recent Concorde tragedy highlighted that even impacts from so called “soft-bodies” such as tyre debris or birds can be catastrophic. vibrations are absorbed through passive methods. automatic information processing and overall control. Traditionally. Examples of this are the green aircraft that relies on embedded sensors into its composite structures to monitor the health and help maintenance planning. impactors and surfaces at high strain rate. which employ isolating springs and dampers. and during 1990-1998. resulting in simpler mechanical structures and increased functionality. but it is estimated that around 350 fatalities have occurred due to bird strikes. in health monitoring. Implementation of such methods will contribute to enhanced safety through damage tolerant aircraft design and the development of crashworthy aircraft concepts. These passive methods are usually unable to provide sufficient bandwidth or attenuation. With the developments in software and hardware computing power. They can also affect tolerances and surface finish in precision machining due to chatter vibrations in machine tools. and the interaction between the aircraft structure and the impactors or surfaces. and robotics systems. aerospace manufacturers rely heavily on tests. supported by empirical equations. These methods are not only time-consuming and expensive but they lead to conservative design. They pose health risks to humans from industrial noise and potential failure of heavy equipment and structures. elimination of undesired vibrations is very important from various considerations.

4. collaboration with national and international institutions of excellence in the different fields covered by these areas and in supporting the decision making of public policies.List of INEGI Senior Researchers that will participate in the GRA Platform initiative Commitment in the GRA Platform (Man-Month) 60 Name Position Areas of Activity Joaquim Silva Gomes Full Professor & Scientific Coordinator Full Professor & Project Manager Associate Professor & Project Manager Associate Professor & Project Manager Associate Professor & Project Manager Associate Professor & Project Manager Associate Professor & Project Manager R&D Management Experimental Mechanics Product Design Composite Materials Smart Materials Product Design Tribology/Maintenance Product Design Tribology/Maintenance Surface Engineering Tribology/Maintenance Product Design Experimental Mechanics Product Design Smart Materials Vibrations António Torres Marques 20 Luís Andrade Ferreira António Monteiro Baptista Jorge Oliveira Seabra Mário Augusto Pires Vaz José Dias Rodrigues 20 20 20 30 20 INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 10 . Active vibration control (AVC) differs from active noise control (ANC) since the vibrations which are being damped by AVC are within the structural material. Adaptive structures either create nullifying disturbances (similar to active noise control) or use piezoelectric ceramics and resonant shunts to dissipate vibration energy. In brief the matrix with the GRA Platform needs and the expertise of the research units involved in INEGI are outlined in Figure-1 above. the basic principles of ANC can be applied to AVC and the control hardware and software architectures are generally similar in both these adaptive structure technologies. This expertise results from the involvement in research and development in collaborative projects with national and international partners originating from the public and private sector. as described in the first part of this document. The names of all senior researchers (PhD) of INEGI. energy.1. However. their areas of activity and commitment to the GRA Platform initiative are described in Table-1 below. INEGI Research Team for the GRA Platform The scientific units of INEGI have a long lasting experience and expertise in most of the subareas of the transports. EXISTING EXPERTISE AT INEGI 4. Table 1. while the vibrations being eliminated are in ANC are in the air (sound). aeronautics and space.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) Use of adaptive structure technologies is promising for active vibration damping applications.

List of INEGI Senior Researchers that will participate in the GRA Platform initiative Commitment in the GRA Platform (Man-Month) 20 Name Position Areas of Activity António Mendes Ferreira Associate Professor & Project Manager Assistant Professor & Senior Researcher Assistant Professor & Senior Researcher Assistant Professor & Senior Researcher Assistant Professor & Senior Researcher Assistant Professor & Senior Researcher Assistant Professor & Senior Researcher Assistant Professor & Senior Researcher Assistant Professor & Senior Researcher Assistant Professor & Senior Researcher Assistant Professor & Senior Researcher Full Professor & Project Manager Associate Professor & Project Manager Associate Professor & Project Manager Assistant Professor & Senior Researcher Assistant Professor & Senior Researcher Assistant Professor & Senior Researcher Associate Professor & Project Manager Composite Materials Numerical Simulation Composite Materials Smart Materials Experimental Mechanics Composite Materials Experimental Mechanics Composite Materials Fracture Mechanics Optical Techniques Smart Materials Optical Techniques Smart Materials Composite Materials Fracture Mechanics Numerical Techniques Mechanical Simulation Tribology/Maintenance Surface Engineering Materials Engineering Experimental Mechanics Composite Materials Smart Materials Materials Engineering Rapid Prototyping Manufacturing Sheet Metal Forming Materials Engineering Rapid Prototyping Manufacturing Sheet Metal Forming Manufacturing Metal Forming Sheet José Luís Soares Esteves 20 Rui Miranda Guedes Marcelo Ferreira de Moura João Manuel Tavares Rui Soares Ribeiro Pedro Camanho Renato Natal Jorge António Aguiar Vieira Carlos Moreira de Sá Nuno André Correia António Barbedo Magalhães Augusto Barata da Rocha Fernando Lino Alves Abel Dias dos Santos José Ferreira Duarte Teresa Pereira Duarte Carlos C. António 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 30 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 Materials Engineering Rapid Prototyping Numerical Techniques Optimization INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 11 .Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) Table 1(continued) .

3.2.List of INEGI Senior Researchers that will participate in the GRA Platform initiative Commitment in the GRA Platform (Man-Month) 20 20 400 Name Position Areas of Activity Catarina Ferreira Castro Luísa Costa Sousa Others Assistant Professor & Senior Researcher Assistant Professor & Senior Researcher Junior Scientists & Technicians Numerical Techniques Optimization Numerical Techniques Optimization All 4. Full Professor (see CV in Annex I) 4.inegi.Leaders International Projects .pt. please see the Institute website at http://www.Leaders National Projects . INEGI Project Leader for the GRA Platform Joaquim Silva Gomes.Partners Patents and Prototypes Organization of Conferences Editorial Boards NUMBER 39 156 86 367 195 42 22 75 6 35 41 15 5 21 6 INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 12 .Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) Table 1(continued) . Table 2-Scientific production of INEGI team in the last 5 years ITEM Books and Chapters of books International Journals National Journals International Conferences National Conferences MSc Theses PhD Theses Reports International Projects .up. Scientific Production of INEGI Team The scientific production in the last five years of the INEGI team involved in the present GRA Platform proposal is summarized in Table-2 below. Aggregation.Partners National Projects . For a detailed description of the scientific production of the team.

Univ. PROPOSED WORK WITHIN THE GRA PLATFORM 6. (PT) ITO-Univ. Stuttgart (DE) LABEIN (SP) LEICA Optics (DE/PT) Lufthansa Technik (DE) Messier-Bugatti (FR) MIT (USA) MONITION (UK) Nanyang Tech. INEGI has been involved in a considerable number of collaborative projects. Some of INEGI partners in recent collaborative projects and research networks are listed in Table-3 below. under national and international programmes and research networks. Table 3-List (not exhaustive) of INEGI partners in Collaborative Research Projects and Networks A. 6. University (SG) NASA (USA) NOLIAC (DK) Nottingham Univ.BRITO (PT) ADRIA Airways (IT) Aerospatiale (FR) AIRBUS (UK) BAe Systems (UK) BOSCH (DE) BUEHLER (DE) CASA-EADS (SP) CERN (CH) CETIM (FR) CIT (UK) COMTEC (DE) CSL (BE) Deutschland GmbH (DE) EADS (DE) EFACEC (PT) EMPA (CH) ENSAM Bordeaux (FR) ESA (FR) FCT-University of Coimbra (PT) FIAT (IT) Hellenic Aerospace Ind. NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION Since it’s creation in 1986. (GR) IFW Dresden (DE) IMMG (BE) INASMET (SP) INESC-University of Porto (PT) INSA-Lyon (FR) ISL (FR) IST-Lisbon Tech.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) 5. The deficiencies in the knowledge about the material response and the absence of appropriate models representing the mechanical behaviour of advanced composites have negative effects on the recurring and non-recurring cost of composite structures used in spacecraft.1. The non-recurring costs are currently too high due to the requirement of experimentally validating a composite structure at all stages of product development (building-block approach). Structures and Materials Technological Relevance: The increased use of composite and smart materials and structures in the next generation of aircraft and spacecraft depends on the in-depth knowledge of the mechanical behaviour of these materials. The recurring costs are also affected by the use of INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 13 . (UK) OGMA (PT) ONERA (FR) PSA (FR) RENAULT (FR) SAGEM SD (FR) Salvador Caetano IMVT (PT) SAMTECH (BE) SKODA Vyzkum (CZ) TAP-Portugal (PT) TEKNIKER (SP) THALES (FR) TNO (NL) TUDelft (NL) UA-University of Aveiro (PT) UM-University of Minho (PT) University Carlos III (SP) University of Paderbon (DE) University of Toronto (CA) VIDROPOL (PT) VULCANO-BOSCH (PT) A non-exhaustive list of National and International Collaborative Projects in which INEGI has been involved in the recent past is presented in Annex III. many of them funded by the European Commission.

Reliable flow simulation software could remove this opinion and is also inevitable in determination of an optimal injection strategy. development and testing of fiber reinforced composites. suitable for mesolevel simulations and capable to replicate void formation physics. RTM turned out to be already a successful closed mould technology for small composite products in large series. The research output from the group has been excellent for the past 5 years including the publication of several books. damage tolerance analyses are also emerging requirements. Transparent moulds and high speed vision system on one hand and newly developed by Dutch investigators sensors on the other hand will be used to track experimentally the resin advance inside as well as in between the fiber tows. New trends call for the implementation of fiber reinforced composites. are now being replaced by components manufactured by new methodologies called Liquid Composite Moulding (LCM) processes. the latter will be accessed through the concept of deformable porous media.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) high safety factors when designing a composite structure that lead to excess weight. which started to replace heavy metallic parts over the past fifty years. • Development of numerical models for linear and non-linear analysis of laminated plate/shells with piezoelectric or magnetorestritive structures. happen to be more attractive. Among them. when large products in smaller series are required. level of confidence to LCM manufacturing is still low and the risk of failure during production is considered high. Capillary action implementation brings numerical difficulties when continuous Galerkin method is used. Structural pieces fabricated by pre-preg technology. Technical Activities: The following activities and related objectives will be contemplated: • Development of reliable resin flow simulation software with correct implementation of the capillary effects. Further. The research team has been contributing over the last years to the understanding of the mechanical behaviour of advanced composites in the context of several Research and Development (R&D) programmes and international collaboration. The research members have also either led or participated in a considerable number of national and international projects in this area. Resin Transfer Moulding (RTM). specimens will be prepared in a way to represent geometries used in the numerical simulations. • Experimental validation will deal with the basic mesolevel situations. using higher order shear deformation models (HSDT) and layerwise models by displacement and mixed formulation. • Development of control models to carry out active vibration suppression and shape control. low weight and high mechanical performance tailorable to the industrial requirements. Research Expertise: INEGI research group for this project has demonstrated considerable experience in the area of structures and materials. In summary. with a broad ranging research background in adaptive composites with distributed piezoelectric actuators and sensors. as they require only one rigid mould face and can be processed under room temperature. Considering that most composite structures are strength critical. chapters in books and more than 30 papers in refereed international journals. This will be overcome by post-processing of the frontal velocities yielding superior convergence results. Vacuum Assisted Resin Transfer Moulding (VARTM) and Vacuum Assisted Resin Infusion (VARI). Then VARTM and VARI. belong to the group of low injection pressure processing techniques. However. INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 14 . demands on further cost reduction are becoming crucial. because of their design versatility. The technology will be learned. temperature and fibers dislocation influence will be examined.

composite structures are very often strength critical. Therefore.g. Pedro Camanho. electro and magneto properties of smart laminates.2. and computational resources. rather than stiffness critical as usual in metallic structures. INEGI researchers are developing the design methods for the mechanical joints used in the main composite structure of the Ariane V launcher. The topics addressed were the development of novel decohesion finite elements for the simulation of delamination in composites. by inverse techniques based on analytical sensitivities and non-linear mathematical programming and by artificial neural networks. Development of a combined numerical/experimental method for the identification of mechanical. for the sizing and location of active (sensors and actuators) and passive dampers. the INEGINASA research team (Dr. new failure criteria for intralaminar damage (LaRC04 failure criteria). special test rigs and instrumentation systems. The technologies developed had a clear impact on the industry and services: as a result of the INEGI-NASA collaboration. and of the successful transfer of the technologies developed to the industry and services. in-plane shear. INEGI researchers have also been involved in R&D projects in collaboration with the European Space Agency (ESA). • Experimental investigation of the relaxation of residual thermal strains in multidirectional laminated composites. Damage and Fracture Mechanics Technological Relevance: Due to the high specific stiffness of advanced composite materials. the design of composite structures must take into account the onset and propagation of the different damage mechanisms occurring in a composite material. Furthermore. The design methodologies will be implemented in ESA’s design handbook. Research Expertise: INEGI researchers have been contributing over the last years to the understanding of the damage mechanisms and fracture of both advanced composites and metallic structures in the context of several Research and Development (R&D) programmes and international collaboration. fibre fracture). Whitcomb Aerospace Technology Transfer Award. structural integrity analyses of composite materials need to be performed using a combination of Continuum Damage Mechanics and Fracture Mechanics. The research performed at INEGI is supported by composite manufacturing equipment.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) • • Implementation of genetic or simulated annealing algorithms in order to carry out structural optimization of adaptive structures considering continuous and discrete design variables. INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 15 . INEGI has been involved in R&D projects in collaboration with NASA Langley Research Centre (NASA-LaRC) since 2000. 6. Taking into account the complexity of the onset and interaction of the damage mechanisms occurring in advanced composites (e. and new continuum damage models for laminated composites. In the context of such projects. and others) was recently nominated by NASALangley Research Centre for the Richard T. matrix cracks. servo hydraulic test machines. and transverse compression. Technical Activities: The following activities and related objectives will be contemplated: • Experimental investigation of size effects in composite materials loaded in transverse tension. damage tolerance analysis need to be performed during the service life of a composite structure.

the limitations of conventional computational methods. 6. Development of mesh-independent Finite Element Models implementing the proposed constitutive models.g. papers published in the most important international journals and many projects in this field. the simulation of manufacturing processes such as extrusion where it is necessary to deal with extremely large deformation of the mesh or simulations of failure where the modelling of the propagation of cracks with arbitrary and complex pats is needed. including isotropic and anisotropic nonlinearities. • Determine in which situations mesh-free methods can be advantageous (in comparison with finite element method). matrix transverse cracks) and interlaminar damage (delamination). The research and development of these new numerical techniques may allow the simulation of the filling of moulds in polymer flow or in casting of metals. namely in problems with free surfaces and moving discontinuities. namely volumetric locking (especially in 3D problems) and shear locking (in shell and plate structures). • Develop new formulations based on EFG method. which is strongly dependent on their reliance on a mesh.3. The objective of mesh-free methods is to eliminate at least part of the mesh dependency structure by constructing the approximation entirely in terms of nodes. became apparent. Research Expertise: INEGI researchers have more than 20 years of research in numerical techniques (finite differences. INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 16 . meshless methods. finite element method. Experimental validation of the proposed technologies.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) • • • Development of advanced constitutive models able to represent the onset and interaction of intralaminar damage (e. • Study of some problems related to the Element Free Galerkin (EFG) method. etc…) in solid mechanics with many PhD and MSc theses concluded. Technical Activities: The following activities and related objectives will be contemplated: • Analyse the behaviour of mesh-free methods and its comparison with finite element method in some industrial applications. Numerical Modelling Techniques Technological Relevance: Recently. is not ideally suited for the treatment of discontinues that not coincide with original mesh edges. such as classical finite elements. • Study and develop these new formulations for thin shell structures (in order to attenuate the shear locking). • Promote the use of these new numerical methods on the virtual prototyping processes of industrial parts. There are many problems of industrial interest which cannot be easily treated with these classical mesh-based methods: for example. The underlying structure of the classical mesh-based methods. in order to avoid or alleviate the volumetric locking. where it is necessary to track at each instant the moving free surface of the joining of different free surfaces. The application of the new numerical techniques is promising mainly in areas where the traditional finite element solution are difficult or even impossible.

like holographic and Moiré interferometry and image correlation. in different activities like consulting. Experimental methods are now facing important challenges in new areas of research like: nanotechnologies.4. In fact. They are non-destructive. New detectors and new “illumination” sources like IR. inspection of structures and other services for mechanical design support.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) 6. smart structures. concerning the structural behaviour of structures and parts. image segmentation. • Development of NDT non contact techniques based on laser illumination and IR detection. image techniques. This methodology can be very useful for development of new structures and machines and also for its inspection and monitoring. extremely sensitive and reliable and the obtained experimental data can easily be converted in a digital form for automatic data acquisition and processing. Using the new equipment available and more powerful data acquisition and processing devices new techniques and applications are being developed and implemented. New industrial and medical applications of digital vision will be investigated. by which experimental data are introduced in the numerical routines for stress calculation. identification and following of geometries obtained from deformed bodies. Research Expertise: The INEGI proponent group has more than twenty years of experience in the use of experimental techniques for engineering applications. From the many experimental techniques available. It has been involved in many R&D National and International Projects. One important example is the development of new inspection techniques in composite materials by using optical methods. This inspection methodology was developed during the last decade and is now ready to be used as an important tool in aeronautic industry. The combined use of experimental and numerical techniques. have a great potential. New algorithms and illumination devices will be developed. allow the construction of new devices which may be applied in the quality control of structures and components. by using the appropriate experimental techniques. national and international. Transference of Technology and Advanced Education activities. have nowadays a leading position in this area. Ultra Sounds and X-ray detection. can be obtained. Technical Activities: The following activities and related objectives will be contemplated: • Development of image methods for characterization of residual stress fields and structural integrity inspection. • Design and construction of new prototypes for 3D shape characterization based on image processing techniques associated to structured light illumination. INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 17 . • Based on existing software new routines will be implemented for 3D vision. so important effort is dedicated to its development. high performance composites and also in areas like structural inspection and monitoring. Every year new research & development. Image techniques lead to field measurements were gradients and abnormal behaviours are easily detected. Experimental Mechanics and Non-Destructive Testing Technological Relevance: Experimental techniques are very important tools not only for numerical modelling validation but also for prototypes inspection and for structural integrity diagnosis. relevant information. it leads to a considerable improvement on the final result accuracy and to a very significant reduction of the calculation time in the numerical modelling. In the second case impulse and sinusoidal excitation will be studied. projects are submitted to improve the available experimental techniques and implement new applications. This method of structural analysis is known as “hybrid technique”.

and to extend working life of mechanical parts under cyclic loading or impact. Design and construction of new equipment for experimental measurements and non destructive inspection. Vibration control in adaptive structures can be achieved with segmented surface-bonded piezoelectric sensors and actuators coupled by a controller. These techniques will be used to study isotropic and non-isotropic materials.5.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) • • • • • • Implementation of new techniques to study transient phenomena in metallic and composite parts. Pulsed lasers and high acquisition rate cameras will be used to obtain the image records. New image processing algorithms will be implemented. The usual configuration of smart structures contains a system of piezoelectric sensors that convert the strains of the structure into electric signals. The application of viscoelastic layers on light structures can provide a simple and reliable passive damping mechanism. particularly efficient under specific conditions of vibration. These new routines will be used for automatic detection of defects and to improve the interpretation of images obtained with displacements measurement. Thus. Optical fibres and PZTs will be used as sensors being the actuators built with PZT fed with an appropriate signal. Development of laser pulsed techniques based on Nd:YAG and Ruby lasers illumination and double and multiple high speed video image recordings. 6. and TV-holography. where they are the prime solution of passive damping treatments of light and large structures. The numerical models must take into account the coupled electro-mechanical effects induced in the structure and incorporate an algorithm of control. The damping mechanism of the passive treatments with viscoelastic layers is closely related to the high shear deformation that occurs in the viscoelastic layer as a result of the constraining effect of the adjacent layers. based on neuronal networks and fuzzy logic. the numerical model must describe accurately the deformation of the dissipative layer and represent correctly the viscoelastic material properties. for image interpretation. or integrated in the structure constituting a sandwich material. As the active mechanisms of vibration control are more efficient in the low frequency range and the passive INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 18 . tension and bending loads. such as high vibration levels and noise emission. These signals are fed into a controller that in turn activate a system of piezoelectric actuators in order to modify in real-time the structure response to external excitation. These treatments are widely used in the aeronautical and aerospace industry. The damping treatments with viscoelastic layers can be applied on the surface of the vibrating structure. with or without a constraining layer. Implementation of set-ups to investigate the dynamic behaviour of adaptive components integrating sensors and actuators. Vibration Analysis and Control Technological Relevance: Active and passive vibration control mechanisms in structures are effective solutions to control and reduce dynamic effects in light and flexible structures. Designing and analysing practical smart structures and selecting the positions of the piezoelectric patches require the use of reliable models combined with adequate numerical techniques to simulate the dynamical behaviour. Development of techniques for the characterization of the dynamic behaviour of materials under compression. Moiré and image correlation techniques will be used to assess the dynamic displacement fields. The most widely exploited application of the smart structure technology is active vibration control or active damping.

the protection/performance provided by standard lubricant additives must be replaced by tribo-reactive materials and surface coatings. • Numerical and experimental investigation of the parametric effects of the viscoelastic layers. the main purpose of this action is the development and characterisation of hybrid mechanisms combining piezoelectric patches and viscoelastic materials leading to an efficient mechanism in a broadband frequency. Technical Activities: The following activities and related objectives will be contemplated: • Modeling and experimental validation of passive damping treatments achieved with superficial or embedded viscoelastic layers. new models must be developed for the mixed film and boundary EHD lubrication regimes. • Development of multi-layer and multi-material viscoelastic damping treatments for broadband temperature applications. taking into account the surface roughness interaction. material properties and treatment configuration on the vibration damping. 6. Participation in a considerable number of international and national R&D projects. • Numerical investigation of the effectiveness of classical and optimal control strategies to suppress vibrations in adaptive structures with piezoelectric patches. lubricant rheological properties and contact temperature. eliminating toxic tribo-reactive additives (reduce particulate emissions). and more than 50 technical papers in international journals and conferences. These new tribological systems will have different performances and will impose a complete revision and update of maintenance practice. development and testing of hybrid vibration control mechanisms combining piezoelectric patches and viscoelastic layers.6. Many MSc and PhD Thesis concluded. …) will be taken by the use of self-lubricating triboreactive INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 19 . The innovative approach is to consider a system problem and not a lubricant problem: The role of toxic EP/AW additives (C. Research Expertise: The INEGI proponent group has more than 20 years of research and development in the fields of Vibration Analysis and Modal Analysis. Thus. S-Zn. • The parametric effects of the localization. These models are of major importance for the prediction of contact fatigue and scuffing in gear teeth. Low viscosity lubricants generate very low film thickness between the contacting surfaces in mechanical components. • Development and experimental validation of a finite element to model the active vibration control of adaptive structures with piezoelectric patches with sensing and actuating capabilities.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) ones in the high frequencies. • Modeling. In many applications. shape and dimensions of piezoelectric sensors and actuators and control parameters on the vibration control of adaptive structures under sine and multi-sine excitation. The development of low friction coatings and the analysis of their properties and performance are of major importance and will demand a systematic use of nanotechnologies. Tribology and Maintenance Technological Relevance: The need for a reduction of power dissipation in mechanical components requires the substitution of petrol oils (in order to reduce CO2 emissions) by new compatible low viscosity (reduce fuel consumption) biodegradable gear oils based on native polioesters or water based polialquilen glycols.

• Development of additive free biodegradable oil and grease lubricants and their application to gears made of tribo-reactive materials (ADI) and to steel gears coated with low friction surface coatings (MoST and Carbon-Chromium). • Development of a boundary film EHD lubrication model taking into account the lubricant rheological parameters. the tribological contacts set the technological limits of surfaces. and it’s application to aeronautical gears. such as the Austempered Ductile Iron. Research Expertise: The INEGI proponent group has more than 20 years of research and development in the field of Tribology: Participation in many international 26 national R&D projects. • Development of design strategies to include the tribological data in the reliability analysis. • Experimental contact fatigue behaviour of rolling bearings lubricated with additive free biodegradable greases. the lubricant rheological properties and the contact temperature. • Condition monitoring of large bore / low speed rolling bearings. New environmental friendly greases based on polyurea thickners are of major interest for rolling bearing and ball-screw applications. the relation between reliability and tribology is of great importance.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) materials such as the Austempered Ductile Iron or using low friction self-lubricating surface coatings. Technical Activities: The following activities and related objectives will be contemplated: • Development of a mixed film EHD lubrication model taking into account the roughness and friction interaction between the contacting surfaces. These new biodegradable greases require extensive evaluation of the performance of mechanical components lubricated with them and also the establishment of reliable procedures to analyse contaminated grease samples for the condition monitoring of such mechanical components. the contact temperature and the surface roughness of the contacting surfaces. Dang-Van). film breakdown). and more than 70 technical papers in international journals and conferences. with load. • Modelisation of the contact fatigue behaviour of gear teeth considering a mixed film EHD lubrication model and cumulative contact fatigue damage model (e. correlated with experimental results from gear scuffing tests. as it is for maintenance strategies too. • Development of maintenance strategies that are based in condition monitoring of components and equipments. • Experimental characterisation of the contact fatigue properties of low friction high resistance tribo-reactive materials. As in most electro-mechanical devices. INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 20 . • Modelisation of the scuffing behaviour of gear teeth considering a boundary EHD lubrication model and local scuffing criteria (dissipated energy. 25 MSc and 8 PhD thesis concluded. Influence of grease contamination on the contact fatigue life of rolling bearings. lubricated with biodegradable greases. temperature and torque control. correlated with experimental results from gear contact fatigue tests.g. collaboration with many European research laboratories and industrial companies. speed. • Design. manufacturing and testing of a high speed rolling bearing test rig.

in a faster and cheaper way than the traditional machining processes. Europe and Asia). The aim of rapid prototyping and rapid tooling systems is to anticipate the overall development and production process of new products to the early project stages. where different types of national and international projects were developed. directly embedded in the mould. at present. the Design and Product Development departments have to use CAD programs. rapid tooling and conversion technologies. RP and RT machines can be used to fulfil this objective. to reduce costs and to produce prototypes in the same materials as the final products. by different manufacturing processes.. German and other industries. they can exhibit potential to compete with traditional CNC machining that. sometimes. is not trading. The great interest for these technologies has been revealed in numerous projects that are being developed all over the industrial countries (United States. easy collapsibility. It is noticeable that rapid prototyping technologies allows the production of parts of any geometry and complexity and so. which makes the necessity to associate them to conversion technologies such as: moulds in silicone and resins. Using rapid tooling processes it is possible to rapidly obtain prototype working tools to produce the first prototypes or pre-series. As indirect rapid tooling processes. The main advantages of these precision foundry processes are: high dimensional stability. in order to reduce the time to market and to avoid expensive design changes in advanced stages of the product development. Rapid Prototyping and Rapid Tooling Technological Relevance: The rapid development and the easy accessibility to CAD programs associated to the Rapid Prototyping (RP) and Rapid Tooling (RT) technologies are fundamental to answer present companies´ demands. A considerable amount of papers where published in national and international conferences and in journals of the speciality. Research Expertise: The INEGI proponent group has more than 20 years of work in the field of foundry and more than 10 years in the fields of rapid prototyping. laboratories and companies whose policy. In fact. Another advantage is the possibility to get.7. RP and RT systems to manufacture prototypes of parts or/and tools to produce pre series of the products under development. and even as a production tooling. investment casting processes. The goal is to get the prototype in the same material and manufacturing process of the production parts. dominates the wide tool manufacturing market. Rapid Tooling and Conversion Technologies was also published. ceramic and plaster moulding. but these equipments are very expensive and use a limited range of materials. and the technologies developed where transferred to the industry. in recent years companies are continuously under a tremendous pressure to reduce the time to market of their new high quality products. but to get strategic advantages over their competitors. high resistance to thermal shock and accurate details reproduction (finger prints and leather textures. The team has developed its own technology of investment casting for aluminium and other non-reactive alloys. the production of metallic tools by ceramic or plaster moulding and ceramic shells can be much more promising than direct rapid tooling processes such as SLSm from DTM and DMLS from EOS.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) 6. This technology is being used to produce functional prototypes and parts for the automotive industry and other applications for Portuguese. To answer this goal. One book about Rapid Prototyping. etc. conformal cooling lines that allow reducing injection-moulding cycle times. in universities. for example). and good surface quality and speed (when compared with traditional machining). INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 21 .

sheet metal forming. to encourage its application to industries by technology transfer. using FE methods. • All the casting process will be accomplished with the simulation of feeding and solidification in order to produce cast moulds/parts with adequate mechanical properties. necking. laminated object manufacturing (LOM) or traditional model manufacturing techniques (reproduction with polymeric filled resins or silicones). like new aluminium alloys. allowing the prediction of most industrial problems (spring-back. • Use ceramic and plaster moulding and ceramic shells (investment casting process) to produce metallic parts or tools. develop a rapid tooling process based on polymeric matrix composites and metal spray surface layers to produce composite tools. • Manufacture ceramic shells for reactive alloys. reactive alloys and others) into precision ceramic or plaster moulds and ceramic shells. The metallic parts/tools are obtained by directly pouring different types of metals (aluminium. etc. texture phenomenon. etc. with little changes in the processability and in the allowed aluminium concentration in the resin matrix. • Develop the whole technology.8. for educational and technology transfer actions. buckling. such as stereolitography (SL). hardening laws. The purpose of this action is to exchange and strengthen knowledge and experience about recent metal forming developments. • The tools manufactured will be used to produce functional prototypes or pre-series through final different manufacturing processes such as plastics injection. with new yield criteria. A metallic sprayed layer on the external surface of the composite can be applied in some types of moulds and significantly reduce the thermoplastic injection cycle. In the last few years. • Supply the companies involved in GRA consortium with the necessary knowledge to produce advanced parts for aeronautical industry with new designs and in a short period of time (reduce the time to market). using binders and ceramics based on calcium or ytria stabilized zirconia and other materials. through more efficient plasticity models. while small amounts of milled fibres enhance the wear resistance. 6. for fuel consumption reduction. die casting.) New materials introduced by automotive and aeronautical companies. Such subjects include the development of capabilities in numerical modelling using the FE method applied to metal forming processes. Metallic fillers allow significant improvement in the resin thermal conductivity. metal forming simulation. copper. • Starting with rapid prototyping techniques. Sheet Metal Forming Technologies Technological Relevance: Sheet metal forming is an industrial process strongly dependent on numerous interactive parameters. etc. zinc. The INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 22 .Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) Technical Activities: The following activities and related objectives will be contemplated: • Improve the State-of-Art in the Rapid Prototyping and Rapid Tooling areas and Conversion Technologies. to provide education and training in metal forming technology to technicians and engineers. brought new advances to this technology. from the melting under vacuum or controlled atmosphere to the finishing and control of prototypes and parts. also brought new challenges that need a better description of material behaviour. The proposed activity plan intends to strengthen the development of several subjects related with metal forming processes and particularly with sheet metal area.

IMS. Research Expertise: The INEGI proponent group has a wide experience in European and International Projects with industrial companies and Universities. and data interchange. This is very much related with application of new materials. this area still needs developments in order to get correct predictions. However. as well as its numerical modelling to both technicians and engineers. with the consequent difficulties in communication. Furthermore with the increasing demand on system capabilities and dependability not only the product complexity increases but also the analyses required from each involved discipline should be more reliable and based on more complex and accurate design/analysis tools. • Education and training of metal forming technology.9. the prediction of the correct geometry of the stamping tools. etc. Moreover. and there is a need only to overcome lack of know-how on its processing and also its wear durability related to required product geometry. This is particularly important in the production of low volume series (10-10. • Use numerical modelling “tools” and the Finite Element Method to save time and money in the process of product development of metal forming components. the participation in national research projects with Portuguese companies has lead to successful state-of-the-art products exported to Europe. material and expected production volume. competitiveness. A considerable number of papers has been published in national and international conferences and in journals of the speciality. but also increases the involved disciplines interdependency. The group has more than 20 years of work in the field of sheet metal forming. for example: implementation of better and updated mechanical models to characterize materials. This subject may also be related with the development of the concept of rapid tooling and rapid prototyping. Moreover. reduction of experimental try-out.000 parts). the current short product cycles. Technical Activities: The following activities and related objectives will be contemplated: • Develop R&D and training activities in the field of Sheet Metal Forming Technologies. which compensates spring back and reduces or eliminates the need for experimental tool correction and try-out. These added complexities not only promote higher team specialization. • Use new tooling materials. Alternative tooling materials like polyurethane or wood for producing sheet metal tools may give opportunity for low tooling costs as well as small lead time. the participation in national research projects with Portuguese companies has lead to successful state-of-the-art products exported to Europe. with a strong connection to European and Japanese research groups and companies.).Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) research group has a wide experience in European and International Projects with industrial companies and Universities. with direct application for the GRA Platform initiative. INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 23 . USA and South America. Multidisciplinary Design and Manufacturing Optimization Technological Relevance: The design of complex engineering systems requires the involvement of several teams of specialists in different disciplines each dependent on the work of the other groups. USA and South America. The group has published more than six books about sheet metal forming. having participated in several European and International projects (Brite-Euram. 6. Such developments include. etc.

Here. propulsion. etc. • Integration of disciplinary simulation tools: Development of data management structures that permit common treatment of different geometric models. genetic algorithms. design of composite and cellular materials.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) Single design/single discipline design methodologies could not successfully tackle such type of complexities. • Applications to structural and manufacturing processes within the GRA Platform initiative. So MDO in INEGI is a horizontal activity area where a strong part of the development will be the synergetic integration of the research activity in the other areas. evolutionary algorithms) or hybrid for single and multi-objective optimization problems. Technical Activities: MDO methodologies are crucial for the development of the different technologies and its successful integration into the systems and/or structures. namely: • Optimization Algorithms: Development of reliable optimization tools either gradient based. control and aerodynamics. requires complex analysis and the design variables are numerous and interdisciplinary. besides the strong interdependency of the different subcomponents involved in the structure/system. frequencies …) and taking into account the problems interdisciplinary. This makes the development of MDO methodologies for the design of aerospace structures and systems a crucial step for a successful effort. • Sensitivity analysis: Development of sensitivity analysis tools to characterize the design influence on the state variables or on the system response (e. • Parallel/distributed computing methodologies: Development of parallel and/or distributed computing methodologies in the different disciplinary models to decrease the time and the hardware capabilities required for the different analysis.g. stresses.g. These methodologies and expertise have been developed in a single and multidisciplinary context and have been decisive in the group active involvement in several national and international and European projects. stochastic (e. model interchange of information and integrated data analysis processing. The group has developed and applied these methodologies to the project of aerospace and mechanical structures. manufacturing processes. It relies on optimization methods to coherently exploit the synergism of the mutually interacting engineering fields involved in the design problem. The research group has also an important experience in the organization of scientific meetings and workshops in MDO. Aeronautic and aerospace systems are formed not only by various highly interacting subsystems but also involving several scientific/technical areas. INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 24 . the design process involves various disciplines such as. smart and adaptive structures. Design and development of aeronautics and aerospace systems and structures is probably one of the areas were this difficulties are more apparent and this probably justifies why it is the area were more effort has been putted in the development of MDO as an effective design tool. On the other hand Multidisciplinary Design Optimization (MDO) is a methodology specifically developed to tackle this type of difficulties in the design of complex engineering systems. Besides the horizontal efforts there are specific developments still required to extend MDO into a methodology to tackle practical aeronautical engineering design problems within the GRA Platform initiative. structures. Research Expertise: INEGI research group has an extensive experience with the development of optimization methodologies for single and multidisciplinary problems.

Starting from typical control surfaces and high-lift system configurations of regional aircraft. Starting from current best practice.3.2.2 Wing movables requirements and architectures WP 1.1 Low Weight requirements and architectures WP 1.2 Requirements for LWC implementation. the matrix with the needs of the Work Plan in the GRA Platform and the expertise available in INEGI are outlined in Table 4 below.2 Enabling manufaturing Technologies for layer . .1 Enabling sensors Technologies WP 2. Acoustic Ultrasonic.2 Low Noise requirements and architectures WP 1. for concepts with/without slat .3. Table 4 – Expertise at INEGI versus needs in the GRA Platform Work Plan GREEN REGIONAL AIRCRAFT (GRA) PLATFORM WP 1. dry tow fibres placement. Transducer technology (design develop and evaluate the sensing/actuation technology). INEGI Contribution in the GRA Platform Work Plan In brief. WP 2.3 WP 2. AU technologies for damage size determination.AU.1 LWC DR&O WP 1. Required development and demonstration structural testing.low temperature cure resin for FBG.3.1.1 Enabling Technologies Technologies for low-weight Fibre Bragg Gratings (FBG).3. general aircraft environment. Airworthiness. FBG on surface.1. Starting from current best practice.1 Overall requirements and architectures WP 1. Alternate architectures.3 A/C Level Requirements/ Architectures WP 1.3. weight saving.aero efficiency.3.1. Architectures INEGI Airlines requirements and expectations. AE manufacturing process optimisation. Structural integrity.LRI. WP 2.3.Embedded. .RFI.RTM.4 Requirements and architectures deriving from other criteria.No interest/No expertise INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 25 . Prepreg. Acoustic Emission.Secondary interest/Partial expertise .3. load alleviation At aircraft level.3 Landing gear and landing gear installation requirements and architectures WP 1.2. Processing unit technology. for different generic regional aircraft configurations.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) 6.2. WP 1. by considering both concepts with/without slat. functionalities other than mechanical. Weight reduction targets Requirements of implemantation from viewpoint of manufacturing process and assembly lines.1.3.3.10.2.3. including adaptive profile concepts. in special composite strucure configuration.Primary interest/Full expertise .

Damage Detection.No interest/No expertise INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 26 .) in a multi phisic view . Nano addition of graphene.Secondary interest/Partial expertise . Methods for damage prediction. mechanisms. humidity control functions. . Impact force prediction and force location.3 Application Studies WP 3.1.2. metal cluster.3.test and process validation Prepreg.3.1.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) GREEN REGIONAL AIRCRAFT (GRA) PLATFORM WP 2. damping.. silicate and strain control to be investigated towards minimum weight.3.1.3. Definition and manufacturing of coupons and panels.LRI.2 Technologies for low-noise landing gear system WP 2. actuators.Primary interest/Full expertise . AE manufacturing processes..2 Technical solutions for Regional A/C Feasible structural solutions complying with requirements. b) feasibility studies of the flap deployment mechanism.3.3 Enabling Technologies for multilayer Development of the technology for the defined multilayer / multifunctional material. Manufacturing process validation of the available nano-technologies for Multifunctional Materials.3. Concept assesment including: a) numerical analyses and aero-acoustic measurements on a wing 2-D model tested in a small WT facility. FEM of Stiffened panels.1.2.3 Technologies for low-noise landing gear installation WP 2. lightning.7 Enabling technologies for Maintenance WP 2.2. dry tow fibres placement. Asses repair technologies of multilayer and sensorized aircraft structures.1 Ranking of applicable technologies WP 3. Multidisciplinary methods for complex systems design and multiphisic simulations. sensors application.AU. . Flammability.low temperature cure resin for FBG.1 Technologies for low-noise wing movables WP 2. c) feasibility studies of the trailing edge compliant mechanism and actuation system.3. sensors.2.1.3.RTM.6 Enabling Technologies for Nanomaterials WP 2.1 Application Studies for low-weight WP 3.3.4 Methods and tools for design and optimisation WP 3. d) feasibility studies of the complete system (surfaces. INEGI WP 2.RFI. .3. Selection of feasible solutions for different types of structures and geographic locations on aircraft .5 Enabling Methodologies for design (damage control) WP 2.3.1.3. Assessment of alternative technologies from landing gear manufacturers Concept assessment including: a) qualitative evaluation based on aerodynamic (flow visualisation) and aeroacoustic numerical analyses and WTT on simplified models. nanotube.1. Optimised Sensors Distribution.4 Enabling manufaturing Technologies for multilayer WP 2.3.2 Technologies for low-noise WP 2.

3 Definition of iron bird Demonstration WP 4. Structural solutions to be demonstrated in ground and flight tests INEGI WP 3.2.3.3 Tech.3 Technical Solutions for Flight Demonstrator WP 3. aerodynamics. energy management low weight actuation for low noise configurations.3. low-noise treatments. . reliability.2.3.2.Primary interest/Full expertise .2. systems.2.1 Definition of Flight Demonstration WP 4.1.2. aero-elasticity.3 Prep. new aircraft configurations low weight.1 Wing movables low-noise solutions for Flight Demonstrator WP 4.2 Definition Demonstration for GRA WP 4. energy management/all electric aircraft low weight Actuation for low noise configurations. solutions for Demonstration WP 3.2.2.1 Ranking of applicable technologies WP 3. of Ground Test Demo. low noise.4 Definition of Wind Tunnel Demonstration WP 5.3.2. of Iron Bird Demo.3. ailerons.2. using a multidisciplinary approach and considering the full set of requirements d)-Aerodynamic and aeroacoustic tests on wind-tunnel large-scale half-model of baseline and modified wing configurations equipped with low-noise high-lift system.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) GREEN REGIONAL AIRCRAFT (GRA) PLATFORM WP 3.3. weight. low-noise edge devices.2 Definition of Ground Demonstration WP 4. flight simulation for M&TM .1 Application of wing movables low-noise technologies WP 3. structural/systems installation studies using concepts and technologies validated previously including requirements deriving from other functions low weight.No interest/No expertise INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 27 .2. for GRA a)-MDO based design using optimizer(s) linked to several analysis modules (aeroacoustics.2. for GRA WP 5.2. structures.1 Preparation of in flight Demonstration for GRA WP 5.) for 2D WTT b)-Aerodynamic and aero-acoustic 2-D wind-tunnel testing c)Trade-off studies based on aerodynamic and aero-acoustic numerical analyses and tests.3. etc.2 Application Studies for low-noise based on previous 'concepts assessment' and including considerations (and/or preliminary analysis) about impact on aerodynamic performance and flight control. flight simulation for M&TM low noise (wing and landing gear).2 Application of landing gear lownoise technologies WP 3. low noise.2 Technical Solutions for Regional Aircraft WP 3.2 Prep. . etc.Secondary interest/Partial expertise . materials.2.

low noise. which means that.4 Wind Tunnel Demonstration for GRA WP 7 Analysis and Final Reporting for GRA low noise (wing and landing gear).000.2 Ground Test Demonstration for GRA WP 6.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) GREEN REGIONAL AIRCRAFT (GRA) PLATFORM WP 5.3 Iron Bird Demonstration for GRA WP 6. management/all electric aircraft low weight actuation for low noise configurations.Primary interest/Full expertise .No interest/No expertise 7. Accordingly to the man-month allocation given in Table-1 above. . the funding requested from the EC is only 50% of the budget allocated to INEGI’s participation. the total budget proposed for INEGI is of the order of 10M€ for the whole period of 7 years. of Wind Tunnel Demonstration for GRA WP 6. Porto-Portugal. the average Man/Month Rate for INEGI personnel is 10.Secondary interest/Partial expertise . 50% of which will be self funding.4 Prep. like for most of the industrial partners.1 In flight Demonstration for GRA WP 6. the cost model to be applied for the Institute is “full cost”. 26th October 2006 Joaquim Silva Gomes (Scientific Coordinator) INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 28 . PROPOSED BUDGET For the calculation of the Budget. Using the same model as in previous projects within the 5th and 6th EC Framework Programs.00 Euro. new aircraft configurations Low weight. new aircraft configurations energy INEGI . flight simulation for M&TM low noise (wing and landing gear). .

Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) ANNEX I CURRICULUM VITAE OF THE LEADING SCIENTIST INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 29 .

in Mechanical Engineering.fe.: 849982 (Porto 2004/11/08) Private address: Rua de Álvaro de Castelões.Composite Materials .Management of R&D INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 30 . 1983-1989 .up.pt) .Experimental Mechanics and Impact Mechanics .Coordinator of Research Unit on Experimental Mechanics and New Materials (INEGI/FEUP.pt/demegi/ .pt URL: http://sifeup. 1988 .org) Past Positions: .Member of the Executive Board of C3P-Centre for Pollution Prevention (http://www.pt/si/FUNCIONARIOS_GERAL.PhD in Mechanical Engineering.Head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Industrial Management. University of Porto. 1977 .Chair Professor at FEUP (University of Porto.Presidente of INEGI (Institute of Mechanical Engineering and Industrial Management). http://www. UMIST (UK).up. 4200-046 Porto Telefone: +351 91 725 8950 Institutional address: FEUP/INEGI – Rua Dr. 1978-1979 . Roberto Frias.pt .up. 1988-1997 and 2000-2002. 4200-465 Porto. 1979-1989 .inegi.up. 455 – 2º C. 2000-2002. UMIST (UK).fe. 1971 Present Position: .up.pt) . Portugal Tel: +351 22 508 1771. Mobile: +351 91 725 8950. http://www. http://www. Fax: +351 22 508 15 84 E-mail: sg@fe.Aeronautics and Space .fe.MSc in Mechanical Engineering.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) CURRICULUM VITÆ JOAQUIM FRANCISCO SILVA GOMES Identification: Name: Joaquim Francisco da Silva Gomes Place and Date of Birth: Porto.up.Assistant Professor at FEUP. U. FEUP (PT).Assistant Lecturer at FEUP. 1971-1978 Fields of Interest (Research): .FORMVIEW?P_CODIGO=206329 Academic degrees: . Faculty of Engineering.inegi. Identity Card No. 1974 . University of Porto) . FEUP (PT).Associate Professor at FEUP.President ADEMEC (Alumni of Mechanical Engineering Department.National Delegate to the 6th Frame-Work Programme of the European Union (Area of Aeronautics and Space) .Pollution Prevention .Lic. Porto.c3p. http://www. Faculty of Engineering.Agregation (DSc) in Mechanical Engineering.Member of Executive Council of Faculty of Engineering. 10th January 1948 Nacionality: Portuguese.

President of ADEMEC-Alumni of Mechanical Engineering. 18-12 July 1994. Bragança. 7th International DYMAT Conference on Mechanical and Physical Behaviour of Materials under Dynamic Loading (Organising Committee). Mecânica Experimental-Revista Portuguesa de Mecânica Experimental (Editor). Aswan/Egypt. Author of more than 150 papers in scientific journals and conferences. National Delegate to EURASSEM (European Association for Experimental Mechanics). Other Activities: • • • • • • • • • • President of APAET-Portuguese Association for Experimental Mechanics. PhD and Post-Doctoral researchers. Poland. An International Conference (Conference Co-Chair). Porto. Mozambique. 06-09 May 1996.. 29-31 May 2000. Mozambique. Porto. Porto. Canada. 24-26 July 2006. Orlando. 3rd International Conference on Mechanics & Materials in Design (Scientific Committee and Symposium Organiser). 17-19 October 2001. 2005. President of “European Permanente Committee for Experimental Mechanics”. 06-09 July 1998. 25-29 September 2000. 19-22 July 1999. 2º Congresso Luso-Moçambicano de Engenharia (Conference Chair). New Trends in Design and Manufacture. 24-26 March 1999. (1990-1994). 1º Congresso Luso-Moçambicano de Engenharia (Conference Chair). 14-16 September 1999. 3º Congresso Luso-Moçambicano de Engenharia (Conference Chair). FEUP. 8-12 September 2003. 16 October 2006. International Conference on Integrity. Editor of a number of “Proceedings” of national and international scientific meetings. International Conference Mechanics in Design’98 (Scientific Committee). (since 1997). Mozambique. 4-6 September 2001.F. M2D’2006–5th International Conference on Mechanics and Materials in Design (Conference Co-Chair. Consultant for Industry.K. Member of an International Committee for the evaluation of the Mechanical Engineering Department. Technical University of Lisbon (1996). Toronto. 4º Encontro Nacional de Mecânica Experimental (Conference Chair). Kracow. 6th International Conference on Mechanical and Physical Behaviour of Materials Under Dynamic Loading (International Advisory Committee).Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) Participation in Editorial Boardss of Scientific Journals and in the Organisation of Scientific International Meetings: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • STRAIN-International Journal of BSSM (Editorial board).-1 Sep. 4º Congresso Luso-Moçambicano de Engenharia (Conference Chair). Nothingham. since 2003. Springer Netherlands (Editorial board). 3-7 November 2001. through INEGI/FEUP. 3º Encontro Nacional de Mecânica Experimental (Conference Chair). Coordinator of research projects funded by national and european programmes. Silva Gomes INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 31 . Supervision of many MSc. U. 10th International Conference on Experimental Mechanics (Conference Chair). since 1996. Porto. International Conference Mechanics in Design’96 (Scientific Committee). USA. 19-21 August 2003. Mozambique. 30 Aug. Porto. International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design. 1995-2004. Lisbon. Reliability and Failure (Conference Co-Chair). J. (1988-1999).

Vaz and J.Q. 10th International Conference on Experimental Mechanics. Justo. Lage.F. Silva Gomes. Proceedings of the International Conference Mechanics in Design. [16]-F. 1996.F. Cirne. pp.P. Silva Gomes.L. pp. pp. Silva Gomes. J. A.F.F.1 and Vol. 1996.F.F.M. [3]-A.. Santos.M. Vaz. Q. J.Q. Rilo.Q.T. J.EUCLID-CEPA3-RTP3. Associação Portuguêsa de Análise Experimental de Tensões. BALKEMA Publishers. May 7-9.Q. “An Experimental and Numerical Assessement of the Noise Emission from the Cover of the Distribution Chain Drive of an Automobile Engine”.V. 973-980. 207-218.D. Vieira and J. Melo and J.F. Silva Gomes.M. “The Propagation of Stress Waves on a Human Dry Femur with a Hip Prosthesis”. Vol 5 (1996). [7]-M. Vaz and J.O. International Journal of Machine Vibration. “Recent Advances in Experimental Mechanics-Vol. “Noise and Vibration Analysis of an Automobile Engine Component”. J. A. “Improvement of Stimulation Methods in ND-Testing. (1996). “Interferometric Techniques for Nondestructive Analysis of Composite Structures”. 991-1000.M. pp. “Laser Interferometry Techniques in Experimental Stress Analysis and NDT of Structures and Materials”. [2]-J.L.J.S. Melo. Cirne. INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 32 . 19-24.O. Marques and J.2. S. Proceedings of the International Conference Mechanics in Design. J.1. “An Assessement od the Stress and Deformation Distribution in Thin-walled Cylindrical Shells Under the Influence of Local Attachements”. Revista Engenharia. Vaz. [9]-J. “Two Colour Phase Unwrapping of Holographic Interferometry Fringe Patterns”.M. Leal e J.P. J. 45-56. [15]-J. [6]. [12]-J.P. Proceedings of the International Conference Mechanics in Design.A.F.P.A. Silva Gomes et al. 33-38. Chousal. Melo. “An Experimental Study of the Propagation of Axisymmetric Stress Waves in Shells of Revolution”. Silva Gomes. 1996.T. Silva Gomes and J. M. Ontário/Canadá. 273-280. Rilo.F.A. Ontário/Canadá.A. F. [13]-F. [10]-F. J.F. Lisbon. Silva Gomes. FEUP/Porto. Silva Gomes. 18-22 July 1994.F.J. Amaro.O.J. Rodrigues and J. Lisbon. March 1996. 18-22 July 1994. pp. J. Monteiro. “Análise de Tensões em Cascas Cilindricas sob a Acção de Forças Localizadas” Mecânica Experimental. Cirne. Associação Portuguêsa de Análise Experimental de Tensões.F.D. Silva Gomes. F. Melo. “The Experimental and Numerical Stress Analysis of Cylindrical Shells Under the Influence of Local Loads”.Chousal and J. Leal and J. 1994.P. Aeronautical Applications. J. May 7-9. Cirne.O.A.F.L. J. Lisbon.Q. International Conference Vibration and Noise 95. Vaz. Rotterdam-The Netherlands.F. 10th International Conference on Experimental Mechanics. May 7-9. Silva Gomes. 965-972. Lisbon. “Experimental Stress Analysis of Normally Intersecting Pipes Subjected to Moments”.M.J. 63-70. L. (1996). 10th International Conference on Experimental Mechanics. J.A.A. 25-27 April. M. [11]-F. Ontário/Canadá.Q. Silva. Chousal. Ontário/Canadá.F.. 10th International Conference on Experimental Mechanics. Silva Gomes. Vol 1.F. Melo. [17]-F. Gomes.M.J. Revista APAET. Vaz and J. Silva Gomes. Silva Gomes. de Melo. May 7-9. “Measurement of Young's Modulus of Thin Films by Laser Interferometry”.A. M.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) Most Recent Publications: [1]. J. 18-22 July 1994.P. J.Q. Vaz.M. [8].F.A. F. Ontário/Canadá.G. J.F. [4]-N. 1996. “Non-destructive Testing of Composite Structures Using Shearography”. Cirne.P. Silva Gomes. pp. Revista APAET. Vaz. J. May 7-9. pp. Leal e J. 1995. A.O.S.J. Vol 1. Melo.M. pp.“ Propagação de Ondas de Tensão Axissimétricas em Cascas de Revolução” Mecânica Experimental. A. [5]-N.F. J. Proceedings of the International Conference Mechanics in Design. M. Silva Gomes and M. Proceedings of the International Conference Mechanics in Design. Proceedings of the International Conference Mechanics in Design. Chousal.F. 1996. February 1994.P.A. Simões. May 7-9. 1996.Chousal. [14]-J. Melo. Silva Gomes. A Experiência do INEGI”.A.A.F.S. Ontário/Canadá. J.A. LNEC. Rodrigues and J.A.A. Veneza. LNEC.F. “O Papel dos Institutos de Interface no Sistema Científico e Tecnológico Nacional. M.J. Leal and J. M.S.J. pp. Assessement of the State of the Art”. F.M. 18-22 July 1994. Technical Report Nº EUC-REC-2331-01-INEGI.

F. pp.P.. “Development of a Controlled Stiffness Composite Femoral Prosthesis”. 1996.F. 21-26 June 1998. F. S. ICCE3.I. Silva Gomes. May 7-9. LA. Portugal. Chousal and J. Silva Gomes and M. 733-738. LNEC.O.P. 13th US Congress of Applied Mechanics. [32]-J. UBI. Silva Gomes.F. J. Covilhã. Nottingham. 1996. Revista APAET. Associação Portuguêsa de Análise Experimental de Tensões. Silva Gomes and M.A. Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Experimental Mechanics.209-216. Allison/Balkema. Monteiro. Silva Gomes. Silva Gomes. Proceedings of the International Conference Mechanics in Design. Santos. C.167-175.Chousal. J. pp. J. J.A.F. pp. 1021-1028. Vaz. M. Proceedings of the International Thermal Spray Conference Vol.P.M.T. [22]-J. 3rd International Conference on Composites Engineering. pp. [27]. Ed.G. Santos. Nottingham. Silva Gomes e A. Simões. Vaz. Ed. 1996.P.D. Leal. Vaz. A. [29]J. J. “Digital Holographic Interferometry for Non Destructive Testing”. Associação Portuguêsa de Análise Experimental de Tensões. 15th Symposium Danubia-Adria on Experimental Methods in Solid Mechanics. 13-17 de Set. “Application of Digital Holographic Techniques for Non Destructive Inspection of Coating Debonds”.F. Silva Gomes. Melo. 30 September-3 October 1998. LNEC. [20]-Cirne. Vaz.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) [18]-J. Vaz and J. Silva Gomes e A. [30]-J. M.Q. M. (24-28 August 1998). Marques. [19]-J. [24]-J. M. Santos. J. “The Modal Analysis of a Pipe Elbow with Realistic Boundary Conditions”. Allison/Balkema. Proceedings of the Mechanics in Design Conference. Simões. L.F. Monteiro. Vaz e J. A. Chousal and J.Leal. Silva Gomes.A. Nottingham. [31]-J. Mário A. “Innovation and Technology Transfer in Portugal. “Influência dos Músculos na Caracterização do Campo das Deformações num Fémur Compósito”.F. J. H.1 (1988) pp. TCD.R.A. José A.F.I.M.J. (1997).A. pp. Mechanics in Design Conference. Florida. July 1-3. M. Silva Gomes. Chousal. (6-9 July 1998). International Workshop on Aerospace and Powered Lift Technologies”. Oxford.A. [33]-J. [25]-J.L.P. tti’96 Technology Transfer & Innovation Conference. Monteiro.A.A. Bertinoro/Italy.M. Mecânica Experimental.F.P.A.F.F.F. Vaz.T.A. Silva Gomes.P.A. F. “Impact Damage Detection in Composite Panels by Shearography”. Hull.F.O.F. Lopes. “Holographic Techniques for Ground Testing of Aeronautical and Aerospatial Structures and Materials”.P. O. UBI. M. Vaz. Vaz and J. 595-6008. pp. 7-9 July 1997. J.O. (6-9 July 1998). Marques. INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 33 . (24-28 August 1998).M. New Orleans. 11-19. M.B. Melo and J. 20-28. Bertinoro/Italy. July 20-24. A.R.B. 6-9 July 1998. Melo. “Numerical and Experimental Analysis of Axisymmetric Stress Waves in Cylindrical Shells”. Silva Gomes. Silva Gomes. “Interferometria de Speckle na Análise Não Destrutiva de estruturas em Materiais Compósitos”. J. pp.A. Faro. 825-829. [21]-Fernando F.P. Marques. Vaz and J. P. Silva Gomes “A Miniaturized Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometer”. Ed. Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Experimental Mechanics. J.F.T. Chousal. “Improvement of Holographic Interferometry Results by Digital Image Processing”. F. Oxford. Chousal. [30]-J. ”The Study of the Propagation of Axisymmetric Stress Waves along a Composite Pipe”. M.P. Silva Gomes and A. 7-9 July 1997.. “Use of Interferometric Techniques for Measuring the Displacement Field in the Plane of a Part-Through Crack Existing in a Plate”. C. P. [23]-F.A. Melo and J. (1997). Ed. 15th Symposium Danubia-Adria on Experimental Methods in Solid Mechanics. M. [28].Q.F. Vaz.F. Proceedings of the Mechanics in Design Conference. “A Michelson Type of Shear Interferometer for non Destructive Inspection of Debondings in Structures ”. Simões. Nº 2. [26]-J. Nº 2. Gentle &J. Silva Gomes.F. Covilhã.A.M Monteiro. P. London. J. M. Monteiro. F. Q.J. Jaime M. Mecânica Experimental. F. Vaz. Vaz. Santos. International Workshop on Aerospace and Powered Lift Technologies”. J. The Role of the University-Industry Interface Institutes”. 1996.Q. Carneiro. Ontário/Canadá. Revista APAET.A. M. Gentle &J. “Speckle Interferometry Phase Determination Using a Single Interferogram”. University of New Orleans.A.O. “Influência da Rigidez da Prótese da Anca na Distribuição das Deformações no Fémur”. Hull. and J. 30 September-3 October 1998. Física 96. Rodrigues.

IRF’99 International Conference on Integrity.F.F. 19-22 July 1999. F. Porto/Portugal.J. Porto. Silva Gomes. M. IRF’99 International Conference on Integrity. Rilo. Proceedings of International Conference on Integrity. “A Avaliação do Dano em Materiais Compósitos Laminados e a Investigação no Lome (FEUP) e no Cemuc (FCTUC)”. Reliability and Failure. J. N.F. “Pseudo-Dynamic Techniques in Structural Analysis and Design”. Cirne. [48]-J.M. M. 19-22 July 1999.A.A. Carneiro and J. H.M. Vaz and J. M.F.A.F. Silva Gomes. [44]-N.L. IRF’99 International Conference on Integrity. Silva Gomes. “Holographic Techniques in Experimental Mechanics of Solids and Non-Destructive Testing”.T. Monteiro.Q. 1999. Amaro. Simões. 18th Symposium on Experimental Mechanics of Solids. “Holographic Interferometry of Bone Implant Interface”.F. “Técnicas Experimentais de Análise de Tensões em Juntas Adesivas”. Chousal and J. Silva Gomes et al. 22-24 March. Reliability and Failure.F. Melo. 19-22 July 1999.1º Congresso Luso-Moçambicano de Engenharia. Vaz. 19-22 July 1999. 1999.P.F. [51]-J. IRF’99 International Conference on Integrity. IRF’99 International Conference on Integrity. M. “A Holografia e Técnicas Afins na Mecânica Experimental e Processos de Controlo Não Destrutivo”.Q. [45]-J. 24-26 March 1999. IRF’99 International Conference on Integrity. 19-22 July 1999. Utilizando Técnicas de Interferometria Holográfica”. 19-22 July 1999. Monteiro. Silva Gomes. Silva Gomes. “Speckle Interferometry Phase Determination in Transient Problems”. 19-22 July 1999. Porto/Portugal. Silva Gomes. 19-22 July 1999. 3º Encontro Nacional de Análise Experimental de Tensões e Mecânica Experimental.F.P. 3º Encontro Nacional de Análise Experimental de Tensões e Mecânica Experimental.F. 22-24 March. Silva Gomes and Shaker A. Reliability and Failure. Silva Gomes“Avaliação do Factor Intensidade de Tensão ao Longo de uma Fenda Existente numa Placa. [36]. [46]-J. Leal e J. Cirne and J. Rodrigues.F. Vieira. [38]-F. [40]-J. 1999.F.J. Porto.Vaz.P.D. Chousal and J. Esteves e J. Warsaw/Poland 14-16 October 1998. Silva Gomes. Proceedings do CLME’99 .F. 1999.P. 1999. “Análise Experimental de Tensões e Mecânica Experimental – Proceedings do 3º Encontro Nacional da APAET”. Reliability and Failure. Silva Gomes. IRF’99 International Conference on Integrity. Silva Gomes e M. Silva Gomes. F. Monteiro. “Estudo da Interface Osso/Implante Utilizando Técnicas de Interferometria Holográfica”. Reliability and Failure. and J. Reliability and Failure. 22-24 March. Reliability and Failure. Simões.M. Melo. [35]. Carneiro.F. [49]-J. Silva Gomes et al.F. Porto/Portugal. “On Reliability of Spherical Pressure Vessel Support Design by BS and ASME Codes”.F. J. Carneiro. Melo e J. 22-24 March.. J.P. A. J.O. Porto/Portugal. J. Porto/Portugal.Q.O. Silva Gomes. “Image Processing Aided Shearography for Composite Materials: Non-Destructive Damage Detection”. [50]-J.M. Rodrigues.F. [42]-J. [47]-N. J.A. Porto/Portugal. [41]-F. Maputo/Moçambique. Reliability and Failure. Porto/Portugal. M.A. 19-22 March 1999. INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 34 .A.J. Vaz e J.A. and J. Porto/Portugal.F.D.P. IRF’99 International Conference on Integrity.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) [34]-J. Vaz. Silva Gomes.M.P.F.A. Silva Gomes. [37]-J. Lopes. Porto/Portugal. [39]-J. Rilo. Vaz.A.A. Vaz and J. Porto/Portugal. Meguid. [43]-J. Porto/Portugal. Reliability and Failure.J. 3º Encontro Nacional de Análise Experimental de Tensões e Mecânica Experimental.O. F. 14-16 September 1999. “Vibration Analysis of a Beam Using Modal Dynamic Approach and Pseudodynamic Techniques”.Q. 19-22 July 1999. “Young’s Modulus of Tungsten using Holographic Interferometry and Finite Element Techniques”. Monteiro.F. Porto/Portugal.A. 22-24 March. Rilo. 3º Encontro Nacional de Análise Experimental de Tensões e Mecânica Experimental.P. IRF’99 International Conference on Integrity. Porto/Portugal. Silva Gomes and M. Cirne. M. Porto/Portugal. “Assessment of the stress-intensity factor of a part-through crack in a plate by holographic interferometry”. Reliability and Failure.Q.O.F. Vaz and J. M.A.A.M. 3º Encontro Nacional de Análise Experimental de Tensões e Mecânica Experimental. R. Melo. Melo. “The Dynamic Analysis of a Piping System Detail Using Pseudodynamic Techniques”.

Silva Gomes e F. 3rd International Conference on Mechanics & Materials in Design. 3º Congresso Luso-Moçambicano de Engenharia. P. Maputo/Moçambique. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers.F. Maputo/Moçambique. 78 (2001) 253-259. Porto/Portugal. Silva Gomes.. F. “Ligação Universidade-Indústria. Dias Rodrigues.O. Silva Gomes. Monteiro and M. Journal of Strain Analysis for Engineering Design. Vaz e J. Silva Gomes. Silva Gomes et al. “Measuring Large Displacements by Image Processing Correlation”. Silva Gomes. J. Proceedings International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering & Sciences. Jour.R. Bragança. [53].M. Santos. [57]-Joaquim A. “O Papel dos Institutos de Interface nas Relações Universidade-Indústria. “Uso de Técnicas Interferométricas Pulsadas para Inspecção Não destrutiva de Estruturas Compósitas”.F. Mário A.P. Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering 215-2 (2001). Maputo/Moçambique. [54]-J. [68]-J. [64]-F. Fernando José Ferreira.F. Joaquim Silva Gomes. 2º Congresso Luso-Moçambicano de Engenharia. Bragança. 1º Congresso Luso-Moçambicano de Engenharia. Monteiro. 19-21 August 2003. Investigação e Desenvolvimento”. A. IPB. IPB. Coimbra. 1999. 49-57. Int. “Use of Interferometric Techniques for Measuring the Displacement Field in the plane of a part-through Crack Existing in a Plate”. Lopes. Silva Gomes et al. 69-81. of Pressure Vessels and Piping.A. 36-5 (2001). Leal e J. pp. M. [61]-J. M.F. Vol. Análise Experimental de Tensões e Mecânica Experimental.M. 21-23 January 2004. Nº 5 (2000). Sousa Cirne. P. 14-16 September. Mota Torres. Mário Augusto Vaz.P.A. Chousal.A.. J. A Avaliação do Dano em Materiais Compósitos Laminados e a Investigação no LOME (FEUP) e no GME (CEMUC-FCTUC). J.O. M. Proceedings CLME’2003-3º Congresso Luso-Moçambicano de Engenharia.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) [52]-A.A. Silva Gomes et al. 26-29 July. F. Bragança. “Utilização da Interferometria Laser na Determinação do Módulo de Young do Tungsténio”. J. M. Engenharia e Inovação para o Desenvolvimento. O caso do INEGI na FEUP”. “The Dynamic Analysis of Piping Systems using Pseudo-Dynamic Techniques”. Santos. Proceedings do CLME’2001 ..F. Rilo. “A Shearography na Inspecção não destrutiva de Materiais Compósitos”. pp. Melo.F. Proceedings do 4º Encontro Nacional da APAET”. Análise Experimental de Tensões e Mecânica Experimental. Silva Gomes et al.J. [67]-J. 4º Encontro Nacional de Análise Experimental de Tensões e Mecânica Experimental.T. Silva Gomes.P.M. Silva Gomes. J. 22-24 March.F. M2D.P. Amaro. Cirne and R. Proceedings do 5º Encontro Nacional da APAET”.P. [66]-J. INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 35 .F. 4º Encontro Nacional de Análise Experimental de Tensões e Mecânica Experimental. Vaz. [65]-Monteiro. M. Maputo/Moçambique. R. 4-6 September 2001. J. J. M. 3-7 November 2001. Melo. International Journal of Mechanics of Materials.F.A. Aswan/Egypt. 17-19 October 2001. Madeira/Portugal. pp. P. M.A. “Elasticplastic Stress Waves in Ductile-hardening Materials using Finite Element Techniques and a Split-hopkinson Pressure Bar”. J.. J. de Melo.M. F. Hernani R Lopes. Cirne. Francisco J. International Conference on New Trends in Design and Manufacture. Carneiro.M. 4-6 September 2001. Silva Gomes. F. Nº 48 (2000). [59]-Francisco Q.F. Carneiro. 265-275. Silva Gomes.J. A. “Promoção da Sociedade do Hidrogénio em Portugal”. Vaz. J. [70]-Francisco Queiros de Melo.2º Congresso Luso-Moçambicano de Engenharia.F. “Laser Interferometry Techniques: Trends and Future Prospects”. Inovação. Silva Gomes. [60]-N. Silva Gomes. 17-19 October 2001. “Stresses from Radial Loads and External Moments in Spherical Ppressure Vessels”.F. Vaz e J. “NDI of Interfaces in Coating Systems Using Digital Interferometry”. J. [63]-J. Vaz. Vaz. Rilo. José F.F. H. J.F.. Monteiro. Revista Portuguesa de Engenharia de Estruturas. Funchal. [69]-J. 19-21 August 2003. Dias Rodrigues e J. [56]-J. 1999.F. Maputo/Moçambique. Mecânica Experimental. [55]-N. [58]-Jaime M. 17-19 October 2001. Vieira..F. [62]-J. e Silva Gomes. pp. Vol.Q. Francisco Q. Orlando 2000. Leal. Silva Gomes. pp. J. M.. 32 (2000). 99-109.F. pp. 441-451. 837-843. Silva Gomes. 3º Encontro Nacional de Análise Experimental de Tensões e Mecânica Experimental. “Análise de Estruturas de Tubagens sob Solicitação Sísmica Usando Técnicas Pseudodinâmicas”. 2004. F.

Monteiro e J. 2005. B.F. Silva Gomes and Shaker A. Vaz e J. Czekanski and J.A. Edições INEGI. [77]-J. Mechanics and Materials in Design. 30AUG-1SEP 2005. A. Silva Gomes.P. [73]-J. Silva Gomes.F.A. 2004. 1º Encontro Nacional de Biomecânica Abrantes.F. 219-247.). Vaz. M. J. Silva Gomes et al.. Proceedings do CLME’2005-4º Congresso Luso-Moçambicano de Engenharia. “ O LOME integrado na estratégia do INEGI apoiando a indústria nacional”. “A investigação em Biomecânica no Laboratório de óptica e de Mecânica Experimental do DEMEGI”. Porto. Advances in Computational Contact Mechanics. in Progress in Engineering Computational Technology. Tecnometal.F. pp. [72]-S.F. Edições INEGI.P. Silva Gomes. Mota Soares (eds. 6º Congresso Nacional de Mecânica Experimental.V. [79]-J. 2004 (ISBN: 972-8826-06-0). “A Engenharia como Factor de Inovação e Progresso”. Silva Gomes. 3-4 de February 2005.F. Edições INEGI 2005 (ISBN: 972-8826-07-9). [78]-J. Porto. Edições INEGI. Porto. Vaz. Silva Gomes e Mário A. 2006 (ISBN: 972-8826-10-9).Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) [71]-J. INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 36 . Açores/Portugal. [74]-J. 2005 (ISBN: 972-8826-08-7). Ponta Delgada. Porto. “ Ensaio de Análise Experimental de Tensões para o Estudo da Estabilidade da Ponte Móvel de Leixões”. Edições INEGI. 27-29 July 2005. [76]-M.H. Meguid. Silva Gomes and Shaker A. [75]-M. 2006 (ISBN: 972-8826-11-7). Saxe-Coburg Publications.F. “Mecânica dos Sólidos e Resistência dos Materiais”. Maputo/Moçambique.F. Meguid.F. Silva Gomes et al. Proceedings of M2D’2006 – 5th International Conference on Mechanics and Materials in Design. Topping and C.P.A.A.. Porto 24-26 July 2006. Meguid. Chapter 10.

Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) ANNEX II LETTER OF INTENT FROM INEGI REPRESENTATIVES INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 37 .

Porto-Portugal.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) LETTER OF INTENT Application for Associate Member of Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform CLEAN SKY Aeronautics & Air Transport JTI INEGI-Instituto de Engenharia Mecânica e Gestão Industrial. in finalising the Proposal in order to submit it in due time to the European Commission. it is estimated that the total contribution of INEGI to the GRA Platform should be of the order of 1000 Man/Month. the average man/month rate for INEGI personnel is 10. CRAFT. Professor J. which either ALENIA Aeronautica or INEGI deems necessary for the preparation of the Proposal as well as all technical support or other such support as may be mutually agreed upon. in response to the call for expressions of interest launched at the Clean Sky workshop on 1 June 2006. INEGI shall provide ALENIA Aeronautica with all pertinent technical and cost data. INEGI shall support and assist ALENIA Aeronautica. INEGI team will also include other scientists and engineers. 174. the Platform Leader. as described in the proposal. and having an extensive experience both in research and technology transfer activities. 50% of which will be self funding. It means that. For the calculation of the corresponding budget. like for most of the industrial partners. and which are described above. and STREP projects of previous EC Framework Programmes. The different activities in the framework of the GRA Platform will be developed using the laboratory facilities available at INEGI for the main areas that are mentioned in the present proposal. This is of the order of 10M€ for the whole period of 7 years. 26th October 2006 Augusto Barata da Rocha (President of INEGI) Joaquim Silva Gomes (Scientific Coordinator) INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 38 .F. the funding requested from the EC is only 50% of the budget to be allocated for INEGI’s participation. INEGI hereby confirms the application to become an Associate Member of the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform of the “CLEAN SKY” Aeronautics & Air Transport JTI. Portugal). and the cost model to be applied for the Institute is Full Costs. Silva Gomes is the research leader that will be responsible for the participation of INEGI in the GRA Platform. most of them having previous experience in many BRITE–EURAM. whose registered office is at Rua do Barroco.00 Euro.000. 4465-591 Leça do Balio. To support this goal. At the present stage. is a Private Non-Profit Research Institute duly organized and existing under the laws of Portugal.

Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) ANNEX III LIST OF RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT COLLABORATIVE PROJECTS INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 39 .

771.00 € Project Leader EUROLIFEFORM Probabilistic Approach to Predict Life Cycle Costs G1RD-CT-2001-00497 (European Commission) 354.00 € Project Leader PEDIP Reforço de Instalações e Equipamentos PEDIP/91-93 (European Commission and Ministry of Economy) 6.00 € Project Leader INAUTO Inteligência e Inovação para o Desenvolvimento da Indústria Automóvel em Portugal (Agência de Inovação) 292.250.750.59 € Partner 2 5 INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 40 .370.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) Participation in Collaborative R&D Projects (List not exhaustive) 1 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 3 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 4 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 6 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: PSV Long Life Long Life Public Service Vehicle Project study BREU-CT91-0550 (European Commission) 1.516.000.220.00 € Partner PLASTICRETE Highly Durable Precast Special Concrete Reinforced with non-metallic Rebars BRPR-CT98-0708 (European Commission) 3.000.00 € Project Leader LOME Re-equipamento do Laboratório de Óptica e Mecânica Experimental CIENCIA/91-92 (European Commission and Ministry of Science & Technology) 600.250.

70 € Partner 8 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 9 10 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 11 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 12 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 13 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 41 .46 € Project Leader INETFORSMEP The Intelligent System for NET Shape Forming of Sheet Metal Products G1RD-CT-2002-00682 (European Commission) 163.00 € Project Leader VIP Vibration Intensity Processing BRPR-CT97-0406 (European Commission) 305.413.319.99 € Partner DURVILLE Implementation of Cost Effective Die Filling Processes In Gravity tilt-pour Casting G1ST-CT-2000-S0032 (European Commission) 177.642.000.716.821.00 € Partner MNAA Networked Centre of Excellence in Materials for the Economic Development of the Atlantic Area (European Commission) 148.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) 7 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: SHEAR Sistema de Holografia Laser para CND de Estruturas em Materiais Compósitos CCTD-05/95 (Ministry of Defense) 525.00 € Project Leader RELTEC Rede Lusófona Tecnológica e de Apoio à Internacionalização das Empresas (Comissão de Coordenação da Região Norte) 197.84 € Partner GRP Flanges+Tubagens Design of GRP Flanges and Tests to verify the Design and to Determine Long-Term Properties of GRP Pipes G6RD-CT-2000-00259 (European Commission) 183.000.

354.385.00 € Partner LITEBUS Modular Lightweight Sandwich Bus Concept TST5-CT-2006-031321 (European Commission) 3.50 € Project Leader TURBOCAST Desenvolvimento do processo de produção de turboimpulsores por vazamento sob vácuo de ligas de alumínio" (Agência de Inovação) 476.920.750.509.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) 14 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 15 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 16 Acronym: Title: PET Desenvolvimento de Tecnologia PET para Mamografia SIFEC/14/01/03/GDR/00134 (Agência de Inovação) 235.00 € Partner BIOMON Towards long-life bio-lubricants using advanced design and monitoring tools COOP-CT-2004-508208 (European Commission) 222.052.64 € Project Leader INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 42 .60 € Project Leader PIBRAC Piezoelectric Brake Actuator AST4-CT-2005-516111 (European Commission) 714.00 € Project Leader Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 17 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 18 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 19 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 20 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: FRF Fabrico Rápido de Ferramentas (Agência de Inovação) 1.000.566.00 € Partner BETÕES POLIMÉRICOS Desenvolvimento e endogeneização de tecnologias de betão polimérico 03/00296 (Agência de Inovação) 251.068.

00 € Project Leader TESTPLACA Método Híbrido p Caract.50 € Project Leader CASAM Civil Aircraft Security Against MANPADS AST5-CT-2006-030817 (European Commission) 368.700.667.000.Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) 21 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 22 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 23 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 24 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 26 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 27 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 28 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: VAPOMAQ Máquina Automática para Cozinhar Alimentos a Vapor (Agência de Inovação) 195.000.00 € Project Leader FIBRANATURAL Comportamento Mecânico de Compósitos de matriz Polimérica Reforçados com Fibras Naturais POCTI/40201/EME/2001 (FCT) 54. Dinâm.00 € Project Leader INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 43 .000.00 € Partner PSEUDOTEC Análise Vibratória de Estruturas Contínuas Usando Técnicas Pseudodinâmicas P/EME/13181/1998 (FCT) 50.00 € Project Leader FARAF Desenvolvimento de Um Processo de Fabrico Rápido Indirecto de Ferramentas POCTI/EME/41199/2001 (FCT) 50.000.00 € Project Leader FCT02-RMG Previsão das propriedades a longo prazo de tubagens em plástico reforçado com fibra de vidro POCTI/EME/47734/2002 (FCT) 51.000. de Estruturas Compósitas Tipo Placa e Casca sob Solicitação Impacto POCI/EME/63236/2004 (FCT) 50.

00 € Project Leader OBJDEFOR Segmentação.00 € Project Leader IPF-Sensor Influência dos parâmetros de fabrico no desempenho dos sensores ópticos embebidos em materiais compósitos POCI/EME/62147/2004 (FCT) 55.New Experimental and Numerical Models POCTI/35957/EME/2000 (FCT) 65.000.000.442.000.000.00 € Project Leader SIM-CAST Optimização da simulação do processo de fundição POCI/EME/61326/2004 (FCT) 58.Modulação Mecanica.00 € Project Leader IMPACTEST Ensaios de Impacto a Baixa Velocidade POCTI/EME/35901/1999 (FCT) 66.00 € Project Leader INEGI Application for Associate Member in the Green Regional Aircraft (GRA) Platform Page 44 .Air Transport System “Clean Sky” Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) 29 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 30 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 31 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 32 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 33 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 34 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: 35 Acronym: Title: Contract Nº: Budget: Role: SAPIENS01 Simulação Numérica do Processo de Estampagem de Chapas Metalicas .00 € Project Leader GEAR-SCUFFING Gear Scuffing . Metodos POCTI/EME/35945/2000 (FCT) 55.000.000. seguimento e análise de movimento de objectos deformáveis (2D/3D) usando princípios fis POSC/EEA-SRI/55386/2004 (FCT) 63.00 € Project Leader CONC/REEC Concepção e Fabrico para Durabilidade usando Materiais Compósitos REEQ/849/EME/2005 (FCT) 444.