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PRESENT TENSE SIMPLE

Affirmative I work You work He/She/It works We work You work They work

Interrogative Do I work? Do you work ? Does he/she/it work? Do we work? Do you work? Do they work?

Negative I don’t work You don’t work He/She/It doesn’t work We don’t work You don’t work They don’t work

Meaning A – an habitual action B – a characteristic or fact about someone or something C – verbs which cannot normally be used in the continuous, eg . : to belong, to li e, to understand

PRESENT TENSE CONTINUOUS

Affirmative I am working You are working He/She/It is working We are working You are working They are working

Interrogative Am I working? Are you working? Is he/she/it working? Are we working? Are you working? Are they working?

Negative I am not working You are not working He/She/It is not working We are not working You are not working They are not working

Meaning A – an action which is ta ing !lace at the moment of s!ea ing B – an arrange future PAST TENSE SIMPLE Affirmative I worked You worked He/She/It worked We worked You worked They worked Interrogative Did I work? Did you work? Did he/she/it work? Did we work? Did you work? Did they work? Negative I didn’t work You didn’t work He/She/It didn’t work We didn’t work You didn’t work They didn’t work Meaning A – an action com!leted in the !ast at a s!ecific time "stated or understood ) PAST TENSE CONTINUOUS Affirmative I was working You were working He/She/It was working We were working You were working They were working Interrogative Was I working? Were you working? Was he/she/it working? Were we working? Were you working? Were they working? Negative I wasn’t working You weren’t working He/She/It wasn’t working We weren’t working You weren’t working They weren’t working .

Meaning A – an action which was in !rogress when another action ocurred " second action is e#!ressed in the !ast sim!le $ PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE Affirmative I have worked You have worked He/She/It has worked We have worked You have worked They have worked Meaning A – an action which occurred at an uns!ecified time in the !ast B – an action which occurred in the !ast but the result of which is evident in the !resent – often a recent !ast action C – a state or activity starting in the !ast which still !ertains to the !resent Interrogative Have I work? Have you work? Has he/she/it work? Have we work? Have you work? Have they work? Negative I haven’t work You haven’t work He/She/It hasn’t work We haven’t work You haven’t work They haven’t work PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS Affirmative Interrogative Negative I have been working Have I been working? I haven’t been working You have been working Have you been working? You haven’t been working He/She/It has been working Has he/she/it been working? He/She/It hasn’t been working .

the second of which is the sim!le !ast %sed either: a$ when there is ambiguity over which action occurred first or b$ when the first action refers to a time !eriod earlier than that of the main narrative Interrogative Had I work ? Had you work? Had he/she/it work? Had we work? Had you work? Had they work? Negative I hadn’t work You hadn’t work He/She/It hadn’t work We hadn’t work You hadn’t work They hadn’t work .We have been working You have been working They have been working Meaning Have we been working Have you been working? Have they been working? We haven’t been working You haven’t been working They haven’t been working A – an activity "usually tem!orary$ which started in the !ast and continues u! to the !resent PAST PERFECT SIMPLE Affirmative I had worked You had worked He/She/It had worked We had worked You had worked They had worked Meaning A – the earlier of two actions which occurred in the !ast .

PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS Affirmative Interrogative Negative I had been working Had I been working? I hadn’t been working You had been working Had you been working? You hadn’t been working He/She/It had been working Had he/she/it been working? He/She/It hadn’t been working We had been working Had we been working? We hadn’t been working You had been working Had you been working? You hadn’t been working They had been working Had they been working? They hadn’t been working Meaning A – an action which was in !rogress for a !eriod of time before another action " in the sim!le !ast $ occurred FUTURE SIMPLE ( with will ) Affirmative I shall/will work You shall/will work He/She/It shall/will work We shall/will work You shall/will work They shall/will work work Interrogative Shall/Will I work? Shall/Will you work? Shall/Will he/she/it work? Shall/Will we work? Shall/Will you work? Shall/Will they work? Negative I shan’t/won’t work You shan’t/won’t work He/She/It shan’t/won’t work We shan’t/won’t work You shan’t/won’t work They shan’t/won’t .

su!!ose etc FUTURE SIMPLE ( with going to ) Affirmative Interrogative Negative I am not going to work You are not going to work He/She/It is not going to work We are not going to work You are not going to work They are not going to work I am going to work Am I going to work? You are going to work Are you going to work? He/She/It is going to work Is he/she/it going to work? We are going to work You are going to work They are going to work Meaning Are we going to work? Are you going to work? Are they going to work? A – used to tal about intention or !lans which have been decided before the moment of s!ea ing B – statement about future events where there is some !resent evidence for the event ha!!ening .Meaning A – a s!ontaneous decision ta en at the moment of s!ea ing. Can be a !romise. e#!ect. offer. threat etc B – !rediction about the future events often !receded by verbs such as ho!e.

FUTURE CONTINUOUS Affirmative Interrogative Negative I shall not be working You shall not be working He/She/It shall not be working We shall not be working You shall not be working They shall not be working I shall be working Shall I be working? You shall be working Shall you be working? He/She/It shall be working Shall he/she/it be working? We shall be working You shall be working They shall be working Shall we be working? Shall you be working? Shall they be working? Meaning A – an action in !rogress at a definite time in the future FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE Affirmative I shall have worked You shall have worked He/She/It shall has worked We shall have worked work You shall have work They shall have work Interrogative Shall I have work? Shall you have work? Shall he/she/it has worked? Shall we have work? Shall you have work? Shall they have work? Negative I shall not have work You shall not have work He/She/It shall not has work We shall not have You shall not have work They shall not have work .

Meaning A – an action which is seen to be in the !ast from a !oint of time in the future FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS Affirmative I shall have been working Interrogative Shall I have been working? Negative I shall not have been working You shall have been working Shall you have been working? You shall not have been working He/She/It shall has been working Shall he/she/it has been working? He/She/It shall not has been working We shall have been working You shall have been working They shall have been working Meaning A – an action which is seen as a starting !oint in the !ast and being in !rogress from a !oint of time in the future We shall not have been working Shall you have been working? You shall not have been working Shall they have been working? They shall not have been working Shall we have been working? .