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19-0831; Rev 0; 6/07

2.4GHz Monolithic Voltage-Controlled Oscillator for Automotive
General Description
The MAX2750AUA is a self-contained voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) intended for use over the 2370MHz to 2470MHz frequency range. The IC combines a fully integrated oscillator and output buffer in a miniature 8-pin µMAX® package. The inductor and varactor elements of the tank are integrated on-chip, greatly simplifying application of the part. The only required external components are a couple of supply bypass capacitors. The IC provides direct connection to the VCO tuning voltage input and the VCO buffer output. The tuning voltage input range is +0.4V to +2.4V, and the oscillator frequency tuning range is factory adjusted to provide guaranteed limits. The output signal is buffered by an amplifier stage (internally matched to 50Ω) to provide higher output power and isolate the device from load impedance variations. The MAX2750AUA operates over a +2.7V to +5.5V supply voltage range. Internal regulation of the oscillator supply voltage eliminates the need for an external LDO regulator for the VCO. The IC also provides a digitally controlled shutdown mode to permit implementation of sophisticated power-supply management. In shutdown, the supply current is reduced to less than 2µA.

♦ Guaranteed Frequency Tuning Range: 2370MHz to 2470MHz ♦ On-Chip Tank Circuit ♦ Internally Matched Output Buffer Amplifier ♦ Low-Current Shutdown Mode ♦ +2.7V to +5.5V Supply Voltage Range ♦ Miniature 8-Pin µMAX Package ♦ -40°C to +125°C Temperature Range


Ordering Information

MAX2750AUA+ -40°C to +125°C

+Denotes a lead-free package.

Pin Configuration appears at end of data sheet.

Automotive 2.4GHz ISM Band
µMAX is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.

Typical Operating Circuit








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..... all phases VCC stepped: +3.....+150°C Storage Temperature Range ........4V.4V. Note 2: Tuning gain is measured at the oscillator’s guaranteed frequency limits.-65°C to +150°C Lead Temperature (soldering.......0 2 0....4GHz Monolithic Voltage-Controlled Oscillator for Automotive MAX2750AUA ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS VCC to GND .5 14........ TA = +25°C......0V....... Note 3: Turn-on time to within 3dB of final output power Note 4: Turn-off time to output power of -10dBm. SHDN..4 21....... OUT to GND .7V to +5..2..8V Exiting shutdown (Note 3) Entering shutdown (Note 4) CONDITIONS V TUNE = +0.. unless otherwise noted. BYP..... 10s) .+300°C Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. VCC = +2.....-40°C to +125°C Junction Temperature ..6V V SHDN 2.......... Typical values are at VCC = +3..7mW/°C above TA = +70°C).... V SHDN ≤ +2V...0V 0.3 16....-0. DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = +2....0V.3V to +6V TUNE.0 -2 -2 20 +2 +2 TA = +25oC TA = -40°C to +125°C CONDITIONS MIN 2...3V to +2... +3V f OSC = 2470MHz.....4V 2....) (Note 1) PARAMETER Oscillator Guaranteed Frequency Limits Phase Noise Tuning Gain (Note 2) Output Power Return Loss Harmonics Load Pulling Supply Pushing Oscillator Turn-On Time Oscillator Turn-Off Time VSWR = 2:1...3 8 5 Note 1: Minimum and maximum limits are guaranteed by production test at TA = +25°C and TA = +125°C... Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability..........4V to +2.. VTUNE = +0......) (Note 1) PARAMETER Supply Voltage Supply Current Shutdown Supply Current SHDN Input Voltage Low SHDN Input Voltage High SHDN Input Current Low SHDN Input Current High TUNE Input Current V SHDN 0............5V............... 2 _______________________________________________________________________________________ ..... OUT = connected to 50Ω load... VTUNE = +0... TA = -40 C to +125 C (Note1) f OFFSET = 4MHz Noise floor f OSC = 2370MHz....0 UNITS V mA µA V V µA µA nA AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (MAX2750AUA EV kit.3V) Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C) 8-Pin µMAX (derate 5.... V SHDN ≤ +2V..-0..3V to (VCC + 0........... Typical values are at VCC = +3.4V to +2...............6 TYP MAX 5..... TA = -40°C to +125°C. unless otherwise noted..4 V TUNE 2....457mW Operating Temperature Range .... and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied............5V.......4V to +2....7 11..4V.... These are stress ratings only. OUT = connected to 50Ω load.. Minimum and maximum limits are guaranteed by design and characterization at TA = -40°C.7V to +5. TA = +25°C.. +3V o o MIN 2370 TYP MAX 2470 UNITS MHz dBc/Hz dBm/Hz MHz/V dBm dB dBc MHz P-P MHz/V µs µs -125 -151 140 90 -3 12 -30 4 1..

2.1 1 OFFSET FREQUENCY (MHz) 10 ∆ MKR -30. unless otherwise noted.0V. VCC = +3.) NORMALIZED HARMONIC OUTPUT SPECTRUM MAX2750AUA toc01 MAX2750AUA PHASE NOISE -50 -60 -70 PHASE NOISE (dBc/Hz) -80 -90 -100 -110 -120 -130 -140 -150 0.4V to +2. VTUNE = +0. V SHDN ≤ 2V.4GHz Monolithic Voltage-Controlled Oscillator for Automotive Typical Operating Characterstics (Circuit of Figure 1.4V. TA = +25°C.00dB OUTPUT POWER (dBm) ∆ = 30dBc ∆ = 48dBc ƒO 2ƒO FREQUENCY 3ƒO OSCILLATOR TURN-ON TIME MAX2750AUA toc03 OSCILLATOR TURN-ON TIME -10 -20 OUTPUT POWER (dBm) -30 -40 -50 -60 -70 -80 -90 -100 4µs MAX2750AUA toc04 0 -10 -20 OUTPUT POWER (dBm) -30 -40 -50 -60 -70 -80 -90 -100 0 2 4 6 8 8µs 0 10 12 14 16 18 20 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 TIME (µs) TIME (µs) _______________________________________________________________________________________ MAX2750AUA toc02 3 .

Ground Connection for Output Buffer. Shutdown Logic Input. A high-impedance input logic-level low disables the device and reduces supply current to less than 1. Bypass separately from pin 6 with a 220pF capacitor to GND for low noise and low spurious content performance from the oscillator.4V (low frequency) to +2. Ground Connection for Oscillator and Biasing. BYP 0. Oscillator Frequency Tuning Voltage Input. Requires a low-inductance connection to the circuit board ground plane. Bias and Oscillator DC Supply Voltage Connection. A logic-level high enables the device. OUT is internally matched to 50.4V (high frequency).2. Incorporates an internal DC-blocking capacitor. Buffered Oscillator Output.0µA. Output Buffer DC Supply Voltage Connection.1µF MAX2750AUA GND FROM SYNTHESIZER LOOP FILTER TUNE OSCILLATOR CORE OUT OUT TO MIXER/ SYNTHESIZER 220pF VCC1 GND VCC SHDN SHDN BIAS VCC2 220pF Figure 1.1µF capacitor to GND. Bypass with a 0. Typical Application Circuit 4 _______________________________________________________________________________________ . Requires a low-inductance connection to the circuit board ground plane. High-impedance input with a voltage input range of +0. Bypass separately from pin 5 with a 220pF capacitor to GND for best high frequency performance.4GHz Monolithic Voltage-Controlled Oscillator for Automotive MAX2750AUA Pin Description PIN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 NAME BYP TUNE GND SHDN VCC1 VCC2 OUT GND FUNCTION VCO Bypass.

which is internally connected to the varactor. Layout Issues Always use controlled impedance lines (microstrip. No external DC-blocking capacitor is required. MAX2750AUA GND 3 6 5 SHDN 4 Applications Information Tune Input The tuning input is typically connected to the output of the PLL loop filter.) for high-frequency signals. etc. Any excess noise on the tuning input is directly translated into FM noise. The amplifier is internally matched to 50Ω including an on-chip DC-blocking capacitor. which can degrade the phase-noise performance of the oscillator. The input may incorporate an extra RC filter stage to reduce high-frequency noise and spurious signals.2. Pin Configuration TOP VIEW + BYP 1 TUNE 2 8 7 GND OUT VCC2 VCC1 Output Buffer The oscillator signal from the core drives an output buffer amplifier. MAX _______________________________________________________________________________________ 5 . for long VCC lines. In addition. The frequency is controlled by a voltage applied to the TUNE pin. Thermal reliefs on GND pads are not recommended. and keep GND vias as close as possible to the device. This fully monolithic approach provides an extremely easy-to-use VCO.4GHz Monolithic Voltage-Controlled Oscillator for Automotive MAX2750AUA Detailed Description Oscillator The MAX2750AUA VCO is implemented as an LC oscillator topology. Always provide a low-inductance path to ground. Always place decoupling capacitors as close as possible to the VCC pins. A simple RC filter with low corner frequency is needed during testing to filter the noise present on the voltage source driving the tuning line. Therefore. coplanar waveguide. equivalent to a VCO module. there is a buffer amplifier following the oscillator core to provide added isolation from load variations and to boost the output power. integrating all of the tank components on-chip. it may be necessary to add additional decoupling capacitors located further from the device. The output amplifier has its own VCC and GND pins to minimize load-pulling effects. The VCO core uses a differential topology to provide a stable frequency versus supply voltage and improve the immunity to load variations. The loop filter provides an appropriately low-impedance source. The amplifier boosts the oscillator signal to a level suitable for driving most RF mixers. eliminating the need for any external components. it is important to minimize the noise introduced on the tuning input.

maxim-ic. +7 .6 + )224 8)  !$ 64 4-8   Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. A 0  α $   .. 1 .) & ": 5 &  #   $  - 0 .81-9 24 241-6)4. 6 _____________________Maxim Integrated Products. Sunnyvale. Inc. For the latest package outline information go to www.4GHz Monolithic Voltage-Controlled Oscillator for Automotive MAX2750AUA Package Information (The package drawing(s) in this data sheet may not reflect the most current specifications.& K ): K5 2 . No circuit patent licenses are implied.1 ) ) ) > ? .2. 4 )61 616 - 2)+ )/.76 1 . * 66 81-9 5 1 +0-5 1 ):  "!    $  !  !%    "  #  %  $      #$ *5+  $     &&  '&  $   $ $    % *5+ 1 1 -6-45 ): 1    #  #  %#  '#  #  !$  !  & '# ! #  $# *5+ '# ! # # ! " %&  $$  "  $  # # *5+ 6 2 81-9 ) ) ) A ? > α .EPS . CA 94086 408-737-7600 © 2007 Maxim Integrated Products is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products.4 6 81-9 51. 120 San Gabriel Drive. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time.