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# eFunda: Temper Designation...

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Temper Designations of Aluminum Alloys
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Temper Designations
F As fabricated. Applies to products in which no thermal treatments or strainhardening methods are used to shaped the product. H Strain-hardened (wrought products only). Applies to products which have their strength increased by strain-hardening, with or without additional thermal treatments to produce a reduction in strength. H1 Strain-hardened only. Applies to products which are strain-hardened to achieve the strength desired without additional thermal treatment. H1x,H2x,H3x The second digit (x) following the designations H1, H2, H3 indicates the final degree of strain hardening and can range from 0 to 8. The number 8 has been assigned to tempers having a final degree of strain-hardening equivalent to that resulting from approxiamtely 75% reduction in area. Tempers between 0 (annealed) and 8 (full-hard) are designated by the numbers 1 through 7. A number 4 (which is halfway between 0 and 8) designation is considered halfhard; number 2 is considered quarter-hard; and the number 6 is three-quarter hard. When the number is odd, the limits of ultimate strength are exactly halfway between those of the even numbered tempers. Hxxx The third digit indicates a variation of the two digit H temper. It is used when the degree of temper is close to the 2 digit H temper. H111 Applies to alloys which are strain-hardened less than the amount required for a controlled H11 temper. H112 Applies to alloys that acquire some temper from shaping processes which do not have special control over the amount of strain-hardening or thermal treatment, but for which there are mechanical property limits. H2 Strain-hardened and partially annealed. Applies to alloys which are strainhardened more than the desired final amount and then reduced in strength to

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Applies to wrought alloys which are annealed to obtain the softest temper. to produce stable tempers. Applies to alloys which are not cold worked after cooling from a high temperature shaping process. Applies to alloys which are cold worked to improve strength after cooling from an elevated temperature shaping process. the H2 tempers have the same minimum tensile strength as the corresponding H3 tempers. T2 Annealed (cast products only). Applies to alloys which are not cold worked after solution heat treatment.com/mate. or in which the effect of cold work in flattening or straightening is significant in mechanical property limits. Applies to alloys which are cold worked to improve strength after solution heat treatment. For other alloys. or in which the effect of cold working in flattening or straightening may not be significant in mechanical property limits. T42 indicates material is solution heat http://www.. and to cast alloys which are annealed to improve ductility and dimensional stability. with or without additional strainhardening. or in which the effect of cold work in flattening or straightening is significant in mechanical property limits. H323 Applies to products which are fabricated to have good resistance to stress corrosion cracking. will gradually soften with age at room temperature.. O or H.efunda. H311 Applies to alloys which are strain-hardened less than the amount required for a controlled H31 temper. Applies to products which are thermally treated. T3 Solution heat-treated and then cold worked. T1 Naturally aged to a substantially stable condition. H343 Applies to products which are fabricated to have good resistance to stress corrosion cracking. or in which the effect of cold work in flattening or straightening may not be significant in mechanical property limits. H321 Applies to alloys which are strain-hardened less than the amount required for a controlled H32 temper. For alloys that soften with age at room temperature. Page 2 the desired level by partial annealing. recrystallized (wrought products only). Applies to alloys that are strain-hardened and whose mechanical properties are stabilized by a low temperature thermal treatment that results in slightly lowered tensile strength and improved ductility. H3 Strain-hardened and stabilized. 8/15/2013 3:46:09 PM . T4 Solution heat-treated and naturally aged to a substantially stable condition. O Annealed.. T Thermally treated to produce stable tempers other than F.. the H2 tempers have the same minimum tensile strength as the corresponding H1 tempers and slightly higher elongation.eFunda: Temper Designation. This designation is applicable only to those alloys that unless they are stabilized.

Applies to products which are cold worked to improve strength. Drawn tubes— 1. Applies to products which are cold worked to improve strength. Applies to alloys which are not cold worked after cooling from an elevated temperature shaping process. bar. T54 Stress-relieved by combined stretching and compressing.com/mate. and extruded tubes—1-3% permanent set. 8/15/2013 3:46:09 PM . Applies to alloys which are cold worked to improve strength.. Applies to products which are stabilized after solution heat-treatment to carry them beyond the point of maximum strength to provide control of some special property. Rod. Applies directly to plate. and rolled or cold finished rod and bar which receive no further straightening after stretching. shapes. T6 Solution heat-treated and then artificially aged. and artificially aged. or in which the effect of cold work in flattening or straightening is significant in mechanical property limits. T9 Solution heat-treated. T62 indicates material is solution heat-treated from the O or F temper to demonstrate response to heat-treatment. or in which the effect of cold work in flattening or straightening may not be significant in mechanical property limits. artificially aged... Page 3 treated from the O or F temper to demonstrate response to heat-treatment. T8 Solution heat-treated. and then cold worked. T51 Stress relieved by stretching. T10 Artificially aged and then cold worked. Applies to alloys which are not cold worked after solution heat-treatment. Applies to alloys which are stress-relieved by compressing after solution heat-treatment. Applicable to die forging which are stress-relieved by restriking cold in the finish die. T5 Artificially aged only. bar.5-3% permanent set. and to drawn tubing when designated as follows: T510 Products that receive no further straight ending after stretching. or cooled from a high temperature shaping process to produce a permanent set of 1 to 5%.eFunda: Temper Designation. Applies to the following products when stretched the indicated amounts after solution heat-treatment or cooled from a high temperature shaping process: Plate—1. T42 (Wrought products only). shapes. and then artificially aged. or in which the effect of cold work in flattening or straightening may not be significant in mechanical property limits. Applies to extruded rod.5-3% permanent set. and naturally aged to a substantially stable condition. Applicable to products solution heat-treated and naturally aged which have mechanical properties different from those of the T4 temper. http://www. T52 Stress-relieved by compressing. tubing. T7 Solution heat-treated and then stabilized. cold worked. or in which the effect of cold work in flattening or straightening is significant in mechanical property limits.efunda. T511 Products that may receive minor straightening after stretching to comply with standard tolerances..

com/mate. Page 4 T62 (Wrought products only). An unstable temper applied only to alloys which spontaneously age at room temperature after solution heat-treatment.. Sponsored Links Tool Steel Specialists A2 D2 S7 O1 O6 A10 H13 M2 S5 CPM10V Cut & Ship In One Day · Hudson-Metals.com Home Membership About Us Privacy Disclaimer Contact Advertise Copyright © 2013 eFunda..eFunda: Temper Designation. http://www. W Solution heat treated. 8/15/2013 3:46:09 PM . Applicable to products solution heat-treated and artificially aged which have mechanical properties different from those of the T6 temper...efunda. Inc.