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Are you interested in learning more about the various aspects of a concept called emergence? The various aspects of self-organizing systems offer an alternative to the traditional explanation for the existence of highly complex phenomena in our universe. It includes chaos and complexity theory, fractals, human creativity, the workings of the human mind, language, the workings of free societies and economics, biological evolution and cultural evolution. Here are a few books and articles to help you get started. Have fun.
James Gleick, author of the 1987 best seller, Chaos Heinz-Otto Peitgen wrote “The Beauty of Fractals”. There is a portion of the Mandelbrot Set on the cover of the August 1985 issue of Scientific American John Briggs and F. David Peat, Turbulent Mirror: An Illustrated Guide to Chaos Theory and Science of Wholeness, New York: Harper & Row, 1990 Arthur Koestler, The Act of Creation, describing human creativity as flashes of order in the mind after a period of chaos. The joining together of two distinct ideas —the very core of creativity. Karl Popper, The Open Society and how social systems mirror emergent natural patterns. And another book by him on how the universe is continually creating new things, The Open Universe, 1982. He also wrote The Self and its Brain, 1977 F.A. Hayek and how sensory order and economic order also mirror emergent natural patterns. Check any of his books, especially The Sensory Order. Louise B. Young and her Unfinished Universe in which she describes how emergence grows in biology. Butterfly Economics, Jane Jacobs, showing how cities and economic systems emerge. Evelyn Fox Keller, A Feeling for the Organism, biography of Barbara McClintock, biologist who studied patterns of self organization in organisms. Judith Hooper and Dick Teresi, The Three-Pound Universe, about the brain. John Briggs, Fire in the Crucible
Octavio Paz, The Monkey Grammarian Paul Davies, The Cosmic Blueprint Kenneth Denbigh, An Inventive Universe, 1975 God and the New Biology, by Arthur Peacocke, 1986 Complexity: The Emerging Science at the Edge of Order and Chaos by M. Mitchell Waldrop, Simon & Schuster, New York, 1992 Hernando De Soto, The Other Path Marvin Minsky, Society of Mind Steven Levy, Artificial Life Stephen Wolfram, A New Kind of Science Robert Axelrod, The Evolution of Cooperation Giuseppe Montalenti Walter Elsasser, “Atoms and Organism,” 1966, biotonic laws Eugene Wigner, “The Logic of Personal Knowledge,” 1961 Donald Campbell, ‘downward causation’ “Studies in the Philosophy of Biology”, 1974 Norbert Weiner and E.M. Dewan, Cybernetics, 1961
Scientific American, June 1995, “From Complexity to Perplexity” by John Horgan, (pp. 104-109) Complexity magazine on-line library: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)10990526;jsessionid=03FDF16A83A9135DD5CC21715E0FF8CA.d03t02 Digest of articles appearing on-line on complexity: http://www.icr.ethz.ch/taicon/events/casti
http://www.comdig.com/resources.php John Casti’s Complexica: http://internet.cybermesa.com/~roger_jones/complexicatransition.htm Harold Morowitz http://www.santafe.edu/ January-February 1985 issue of The American Rationalist essay, “The Alternative to Superstition” by Robert E. Nordlander Chaos software: http://www.cs.sjsu.edu/~rucker/chaos.htm http://www.math.utah.edu/~pa/math/mandelbrot/mandelbrot.html Lovely video of the Mandelbrot Set http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gEw8xpb1aRA http://images.google.com/images?sourceid=chrome&q=Julia+sets&um=1&ie=UTF-8&ei=PAGSpHLF6W-NI-GnKMD&sa=X&oi=image_result_group&resnum=5&ct=title http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yjU_CJWzAd4 Watch a fractal fern grow here: http://www.geocities.com/bmw328driver/JavaFern.htm Here are some startlingly beautiful examples of Strange Attractors: http://images.google.com/images?rlz=1C1GGLS_enUSUS292US303&sourceid=chrome&q=Strange%20Attractors&um=1&ie=UTF8&sa=N&hl=en&tab=wi http://www.math.utah.edu/~pa/math/mandelbrot/mandelbrot.html Koch Curve will look very much like the “fractal movie” posted on this site: http://www.jimloy.com/fractals/koch.htm
In The Universe and the Teacup, K. C. Cole, http://www.amazon.com/The-Universe-TeacupMathematics-Beauty/dp/0156006561/ref=reg_hu-rd_add_1_dp Fractals and Chaos Simplified for the Life Sciences http://www.amazon.com/Fractals-Chaos-Simplified-LifeSciences/dp/0195120248/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1340553161&sr=11&keywords=fractals+and+chaos+simplified Chaos and Fractals: New Frontiers of Science http://www.amazon.com/Chaos-Fractals-New-FrontiersScience/dp/0387202293/ref=sr_1_3?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1340554774&sr=13&keywords=fractals+for+the+classroom "Sync: The Emerging Science of Spontaneous Order" http://www.amazon.com/Sync-Order-Emerges-UniverseNature/dp/0786887214/ref=sr_1_7?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1340555018&sr=17&keywords=chaos+theory