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4G LTE MOBILE BROADBAND

OVERVIEW
SIGIT PRIYANGGORO http://about.me/sigit

AGENDA
Introduction Cellular Technology Overview IP & Cellular Technology 4G LTE Technology Overview Summary

Disclaimer: all materials taken from publicly available sources (references provided at the end of the slides), no company represented, all opinions are my own

INTRODUCTION
SIGIT PRIYANGORO
Was born in Bandung, J 1984

All Bandung school euy!: SDN Sukarela II, SMPN 8 Bandung, SMAN 3 Bandung ITB Telecommunication (2002 2006) Part time jobs as student: Physics teacher at BKB Nurul Fikri (2004 2006) System Analyst at PT LAPI Networks ITB (205 2006) ITB Planologi/Lab RADAR/Lab Telematika Network Admin

Career Associate Consultant at Packet Systems Indonesia (PSI) 2006 2007 Solution Architect at Ericsson Indonesia (2007 2011) Solution Architect at Ericsson North America (2011 now) Master Student at University of Texas (2011 now)

AGENDA
Introduction Cellular Technology Overview IP & Cellular Technology 4G LTE Technology Overview Summary

Disclaimer: all materials taken from publicly available sources (references provided at the end of the slides), no company represented, all opinions are my own

TELCO SERVICES, CANT LIVE WITHOUT IT


Services Domain
Voice & Messaging Data Multimedia

VOICE AND DATA TRAFFIC TRENDS

Shift on traffic and revenues from Services from Voice/Messaging to Data


http://gigaom.com/2012/04/29/as-mobile-data-zooms-voice-sms-revenues-slow/

VOICE AND MESSAGING WILL NOT DEAD


http://blogs.sybase.com/wdudley/

But data traffic increases exponentially

DATA SERVICES, GADGETS, IOS AND ANDROIDS, APPS!!

At the early development, Laptops and Dongles dominates, but since 2010 onwards Smartphone growth is phenomenal!!
http://gigaom.com/2012/04/29/as-mobile-data-zooms-voice-sms-revenues-slow/2012-04-26-portfolio-segmentation/

http://agbeat.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/McDonalds-versus-iphone-versus-android.jpg

Data services, gadgets, apple & androids, apps!!

SHOW ME THE MONEY

SHOW ME THE MONEY

SHOW ME THE MONEY

CELLULAR TECHNOLOGY DOMAIN AND TELECOM CAREER


Radio Access Network
Transport Network

Core Network
OSS/BSS/Application Layer
2G/3G/4G CDMA
VOICE CORE PACKET CORE 2G CORE 3G CORE 4G CORE

DWDM METRO E SATELLITE MICROWAVE

MONITORING, KPI, PLANNING, BILLING, CUSTOMER SERVICE

RADIO ACCESS NETWORK


Function A radio access network (RAN) is part of a mobile telecommunication system. It implements a radio access technology. Conceptually, it resides between a device such as a mobile phone, a computer, or any remotely controlled machine and provides connection with its core network (CN). Depending on the standard, mobile phones and other wireless connected devices are varyingly known as user equipment (UE), terminal equipment, mobile station (MS), etc.. RAN functionality is typically provided by a silicon chip residing in both the core network as well as the user equipment. Deployment Distributed throughout regions, for example Sumatera Utara, SUmaterea Selatan, Jawa Barat, etc

RADIO ACCESS NETWORK


Node GRAN: GSM radio access network: BSC (Base Station Controller) GERAN: essentially the same as GRAN but specifying the inclusion of EDGE packet radio services: BSC UTRAN: UMTS radio access network (3G): RNC (Radio Network Controller) E-UTRAN: The Long Term Evolution (LTE) high speed and low latency radio access network: eNodeB (evolved Node B)

Vendor Ericsson, Nokia Siemens Network, Huawei, Alcatel Lucent, Samsung, ZTE

RADIO ACCESS NETWORK


Competence Profile for RAN Engineer & Jobs Example from www.ericssonusjobs.com
- Radio Frequency concepts - IP technology concepts - UNIX operating system

TRANSPORT NETWORK
Function A Transport Network connects RAN sites that are distributed throughout regions to the Core Network. Transport network was popularly deployed by TDM technologies (E1, T1), ATM technologies and now IP/Ethernet technologies and optical networks. Microwave Radio technologies also deployed between Radio sites and BSC/RNC Sites. Deployment Distributed throughout regions, connecting remote regions into centralized Core Network Sites. For Example transport from Pangandaran Area to Core Network Site in Bandung.

TRANSPORT NETWORK
Node IP: Routers/Switches Ethernet: Metro Switches Microwave: point to point antenna Optical: Optical Swiches, DWDM, etc

Vendor Cisco, Juniper, Cisco, Nokia Siemens Network, Huawei, Alcatel Lucent, Samsung, ZTE Ceragon, etc

TRANSPORT NETWORK
Competence Profile for Transport Engineer & Jobs Example from www.ericssonusjobs.com
TCP/IP concepts QoS technology concepts Routing/Switching Microwave concepts Optical Networking

CORE NETWORK
Function A core network, or network core, is the central part of a telecommunication network that provides various services to customers who are connected by the access network. Core network centralize the processing/routing/mobility and session management of UE and act as gateway to the internet for data communication. Deployment Centralized in capital cities. For example: Medan for Sumatera Utara, Surabaya for Jawa Timur. Orang Core jarang jalan-jalan, orang Radio/Transmisi sering jalan-jalan

CORE NETWORK
Node Voice: MSC (Mobile Switching Center), M-MGw (Media Gateway), HLR (Home Location Register), etc Data: SGSN (Serving GPRS Support Node, GGSN (Gateway GPRS Support Node), PCRF (Policy & Charging Rule Function) etc

Vendor Ericsson, Cisco, Juniper, Nokia Siemens Network, Huawei, Alcatel Lucent, Samsung, ZTE

CORE NETWORK
Competence Profile for Core Network Engineer & Jobs Example from www.ericssonusjobs.com
TCP/IP concepts QoS technology concepts Routing/Switching 2G/3G Voice Call Flow 2G/3G Data Call Flow SS7/SIGTRAN

OSS/BSS/APPLICATION LAYER
Function Operations support systems (also called operational support systems or OSS) are computer systems used by telecommunications service providers. The term OSS most frequently describes "network systems" dealing with the telecom network itself, supporting processes such as maintaining network inventory, provisioning services, configuring network components, and managing faults. The complementary term business support systems or BSS is a newer term and typically refers to business systems dealing with customers, supporting processes such as taking orders, processing bills, and collecting payments. The two systems together are often abbreviated OSS/BSS, BSS/OSS or simply B/OSS.

Deployment Centralized in capital cities. For example: Medan for Sumatera Utara, Surabaya for Jawa Timur.

OSS/BSS/APPLICATION LAYER
Node OSS (Operation Support System)
Begadang di NOC :D

Provisioning System Customer Service System IN (Intelligent Network): billing

Vendor
Ericsson, Cisco, Juniper, Nokia Siemens Network, Huawei, Alcatel Lucent, Samsung, ZTE Amdocs, Sandvine, Local IT Vendor

OSS/BSS/APPLICATION LAYER
Competence Profile for OSS Engineer & Jobs Example from www.ericssonusjobs.com
TCP/IP concepts SNMP UNIX Scripting FCAPS LDAP/CORBA/SOAP

$SALARY$ :D

TELCO BUZZWORDS EXPLAINED

LTE
GPRS/EDGE

HSPA/HSDPA/HSUPA/HSPA+
3GPP

TELCO BUZZWORDS EXPLAINED

TELCO BUZZWORDS EXPLAINED

3GPP.ORG (BUKAN .3GP :p)

3GPP.ORG PACKET NETWORK ARCHITECTURE

Gb

Iu

Abis

Iub

http://wwwen.zte.com.cn/endata/magazine/ztetechnologies/2010/no8/articles/201008/W020100816401860907125.jpg

3GPP.ROG STANDARDIZED CALL FLOW


ue move from lte to 3g area example (multivendor should work)

http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4011/4180517009_fdfe6b59bc_o.jpg

AGENDA
Introduction Cellular Technology Overview IP & Cellular Technology 4G LTE Technology Overview Summary

Disclaimer: all materials taken from publicly available sources (references provided at the end of the slides), no company represented, all opinions are my own

IP & CELLULAR TECHNOLOGY


10 15 years ago, theres telecommunication world AND internet world

but now telecommunication players embrace internet (internetan dari hp misalnya) internet players embrace telecommunication
(skype, google voice misalnya)

CONVERGENCE
triple play voice data video

IP & CELLULAR TECHNOLOGY


L2 TRANSPORT
VLAN In computer networking, a single layer-2 network may be partitioned to create multiple distinct broadcast domains, which are mutually isolated so that packets can only pass between them via one or more routers; such a domain is referred to as a Virtual Local Area Network, Virtual LAN or VLAN. Metro Ethernet A metropolitan-area Ethernet, Ethernet MAN, or metro Ethernet network is a metropolitan area network (MAN) that is based on Ethernet standards. It is commonly used to connect subscribers to a larger service network or the Internet. Businesses can also use metropolitan-area Ethernet to connect their own offices to each other. An Ethernet interface is much less expensive than a SONET/SDH or PDH interface of the same bandwidth. Optical Networking Synchronous Optical Networking (SONET) and Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) are standardized protocols that transfer multiple digital bit streams over optical fiber using lasers or highly coherent light from light-emitting diodes (LEDs).

IP & Cellular Technology L2 TRANSPORT

IP & CELLULAR TECHNOLOGY


MPLS VPN
MPLS VPN is a family of methods for harnessing the power of multiprotocol label switching (MPLS) to create virtual private networks (VPNs). MPLS VPN gives network engineers the flexibility to transport and route several types of network traffic using the technologies of a MPLS backbone.

IP & Cellular Technology MPLS VPN

SGi VPN

S11 VPN

Iu VPN

S1 VPN

IP & CELLULAR TECHNOLOGY


QoS (Quality of Service)
The quality of service (QoS) refers to several related aspects of telephony and computer networks that allow the transport of traffic with special requirements. In particular, much technology has been developed to allow computer networks to become as useful as telephone networks for audio conversations, as well as supporting new applications with even stricter service demands.
RAN QoS

Transport QoS
Core Network QoS

IP & Cellular Technology QUALITY OF SERVICE

Pay more, Get more!

IP & Cellular Technology QOS


Dotted line prioritized over straight line: DSCP, MPLS TOS, etc

AGENDA
Introduction Cellular Technology Overview IP & Cellular Technology 4G LTE Technology Overview
DRIVER: DATA EXPLOSION TECHNOLOGY EVOLUTION DATA FLOW COMPARISON

Summary

Disclaimer: all materials taken from publicly available sources (references provided at the end of the slides), no company represented, all opinions are my own

4G LTE Technology Overview


TERMINOLOGY
http://www.3gpp.org/LTE (specs downloadable for free)

LTE or the E-UTRAN (Evolved Universal Terrestrial Access Network) is the access part of the Evolved Packet System (EPS). The Core Network of EPS is called Evolved Packet Core (EPC)

LTE is marketing buzzword

EPS
EPC

LTE

4G LTE Technology Overview


DATA EXPLOSION

Data Explosion
There are multiple factors contributing to explosive growth in data consumption, but first and foremost is the combination of powerful mobile computing platforms and fast mobile broadband networks. Despite the number of vendors and platform types available on the device side, the industry is converging on what might be considered a standard platform for smartphones and also one for tablets.

http://www.4gamericas.org/documents/4G%20Americas%20Mobile%20Broadband%20Explosion%20August%2020121.pdf

Data Explosion

Data Explosion
The rich capabilities of these mobile platforms enable them to consume even larger amounts of data through activities such as
music and video streaming

social networking
cloud-based synchronization and applications

web browsing and content downloading.

Data Explosion
Source: Cisco, Cisco Visual Networking Index: Global Mobile Data Traffic Forecast Update, 2011 2016, February 14, 2012.

New Smartphones Released every 2 4 months!!!

4G LTE Technology Overview


Wireless Technology Evolution
Despite rapid deployments of LTE networks, it will be the middle of the decade before a large percentage of subscribers will actually be using LTE (or LTEAdvanced). During these years, most networks and devices will support the full scope of the 3GPP family of technologies (GSM-EDGE, HSPA, HSPA+, and LTE). The history of wireless-network deployment provides a useful perspective. GSM/2G, which in 2009 was still growing its subscriber base, was specified in 1990 with initial networks deployed in 1991.

The UMTS/3G Task Force established itself in 1995, Release 99 specifications were completed in 2000, and
HSPA+ specifications were completed in 2007. Although its been more than a decade since work began on the technology, only now is UMTS deployment and adoption starting to surge.

Wireless Technology Evolution

Wireless Technology Evolution

Wireless Technology Evolution

4G LTE Technology Overview

Data Flow Comparison 2G 3G 4G-LTE (simplified) OPERATOR XYZ PUNYA LICENSE 2G, 3G DAN LTE DI INDONESIA
(MISALKAN)

Network Reference 2G

4G LTE Technology Overview

Data Flow Comparison 2G 3G 4G-LTE (simplified) 2G/EDGE DATA FLOW

BTS BTS

BSC
E1 ~ 2 Mbps SGSN

E1 ~ 2 Mbps BSC

GGSN

SGSN

Network Reference 3G

4G LTE Technology Overview


3G DATA FLOW

Data Flow Comparison 2G 3G 4G-LTE (simplified)

NodeB NodeB

RNC
ATM ~ 155 Mbps SGSN

ATM ~ 155 Mbps RNC

GGSN

SGSN

Network Reference LTE

4G LTE Technology Overview


LTE DATA FLOW

Data Flow Comparison 2G 3G 4G-LTE (simplified)

eNodeB eNodeB

RNC
DWDM 10 Gbps MME

DWDM 10 Gbps RNC

PDN-GW

MME

WITH THAT CAPACITY AND THROUGHPUT

LTE WILL BE THE ENABLER OF..

Cisco.com

MORE ADVANCED TOPIC

VoLTE

IMS Machine 2 Machine Comm SMARTGRID Deep Packet Inspection Call Flow Radio Modulation
Next time, Next presenter

SUMMARY
Teknologi seluler menarik dan berkembang pesat (10 tahun lalu HP masih jarang, sekarang??)

Teknologi seluler bisa menjadi pilihan karir yang menarik Agar bisa berkiprah di level global

Teknologi IP/IT dan teknologi telekomunikasi sekarang converged: penting untuk punya multi skill
Selain mengasah hard skill, human skill seperti networking gak kalah penting Berkarir internasional?

Indonesia Bisa!!

SOURCES & FURTHER READINGS


http://www.ericsson.com/res/docs/whitepapers/wp-4g.pdf http://cdn.ttgtmedia.com/searchTelecom/downloads/SearchTelecom_Fundamentals_of_LTE_Chapter_1.pdf http://www.cisco.com/en/US/solutions/collateral/ns341/ns973/white_paper_c11-624446.pdf http://www.4gamericas.org/documents/4G%20Americas%20Mobile%20Broadband%20Explosion%20August%2020121.pdf http://www.4gamericas.org/documents/4G%20Americas%20Mobile%20Broadband%20Explosion%20August%2020121.pdf http://www.4gamericas.org/documents/4G%20Americas_3GPP_Rel-10_Beyond_January%202012%20Update.pdf

http://www.4gamericas.org/documents/4G%20Americas%20Deck%20October%202011.pdf
http://www.ece.gatech.edu/research/labs/bwn/surveys/ltea.pdf http://www.umts-forum.org/component/option,com_docman/task,cat_view/gid,485/Itemid,213/

QUESTIONS, DISCUSSIONS, COMMENTS ARE WELCOME!