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BKF2422 HEAT TRANSFER ASSIGNMENT 2: CHAPTER 4 & 5 Due Date: 1/4/2011

One assignment report per group

Heat Exchanger 1. 5.795 kg/s of oil flows through the shell side of a two-shell pass, four tube-pass oil cooler. The oil enters at 1 1! and lea"es at # !. $ater flows in the tubes, entering at #%! and lea"ing at &9'!. (n addition, cpoil= %% % )/kg* and U = &1+ $/m%*. ,ind how much area the heat e-changer must ha"e. (R = Z and P = Y). Hint: F(P,R) = F(PR, 1/R) (3 15! T"u#$ %& R %# '(eate( t"a) u)%t*$ +)e )ee, +)-* e.a-uate F
u#%)' PR %) /-a0e +& P a), 1/R %) /-a0e +& R

%. !onsider the following parallel-flow heat e-changer specification. cold flow enters at &/'!. Cc = %/, /// $/* hot flow enters at 15/'!. Ch = 1/, /// $/* U = 5// $/m%*. 0a1 2etermine the heat transfer and the e-it temperatures when is A = #/ m%. 0b1 2etermine the area that would bring the hot flow out at 9/ '!.

#. 3 heat e-changer is to be designed to cool m h 4 .7 kg/s an eth5l alcohol solution 0c ph 4 # &/ )/kg.'!1 from 75'! to &5'! with cooling water 0c pc 4 &1 / )/kg.'!1 entering the tube side at 15'! at a rate of mc 4 9.+ kg/s. The o"erall heat transfer coefficient based on the outer tube surface is 6o 4 5// $/m%.'!. !alculate the heat transfer area for each of the following flow arrangements. 0a1 0b1 0c1 0d1 7arallel flow, shell and tube !ounter flow, shell and tube One shell pass and two tube pass !ross flow, both fluids unmi-ed

(Refer figure 4.9-5 in e! "##$) Radiation &. Two "er5 large and parallel planes each ha"e an emissi"it5 of /.7. 8urface 1 is at ++.5 * and surface % is at 5 . *. 0a1 $hat is the net radiation loss of surface 19 0b1 To reduce this loss, two additional radiation shields also ha"ing emissi"it5 of /.7 are placed between the original surfaces. $hat is the new radiation loss9 5. Two parallel plates at T1 4 // * and T% 4 +// * ha"e an emissi"it5 of :1 4 /.5 and :% 4 /. , respecti"el5. 3 radiation shield ha"ing an emissi"it5 : 4 /.1 on one side and an emissi"it5 :#,% 4 /./5 on the other side is placed between the plates. !alculate the heat transfer rate b5 radiation per s;uare meter with and without the radiation shield. +. Two ad<acent rectangles are perpendicular to each other. The first rectangle is 1.5% %.&& m and the second 1. # - %.&& m, with the %.&& m side common to both. The temperature of the first surface is +99 * and that of the second is &7 *. =oth surfaces are black. !alculate the radiant heat transfer between the two surfaces.

7. 3 radiator ma5 be treated as a black bod5 with a true surface area of + m % and an en"elope area of & m%. (t has a surface temperature of &/'! and is situated in a dark room at %/'!. The surface heat transfer coefficient is & $/m%.*. !alculate the radiated heat transfer and the con"ected heat transfer rate. !alculate the radiated surface heat transfer coefficient and obtain the same answers using it. 09 5 $ and +.#% $/m%.*&1

. Two concentric spheres of diameter 214 /. m and 2%4 1.% m are separated b5 an air space and ha"e surface temperatures of T1 4 &// * and T% 4 #// *. a. (f the surfaces are black, what is the net rate of radiation e-change between the spheres9 b. $hat is the net rate of radiation e-change between the surfaces if the5 are diffuse and gra5 with :1 4 /.5 and :% 4 /./59 c. $hat is the net rate of radiation e-change if 2 % is increased to %/ m, with :% 4 /./5, :1 4 /.5, and 214 /. m9 $hat error would be introduced b5 assuming blackbod5 beha"iour for the outer surface 0:% 4 11, with all other conditions remaining the same9 9. 2etermine the shape factor, %&', for the rectangles shown in the ,igure 1 below. 6se ,igure 1#.& and ,igure 1#.+ in the reference from (ncropera 05 th >dition1 to assist 5ou in the calculations. 6se also reciprocit5 and additi"e rules in sol"ing this problem. a. 7erpendicular rectangles without a common edge.

F%'u(e 1 b. 7arallel rectangles of une;ual areas.