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Name Reg. No. Class : - HITESH K. KARKAR : - J3-04-2004 : - B. F. Sc.
The programme was divided into following categories. Fish processing technology: - 35 days Fish catch composition analysis: - 21 days Socio economic survey: - 7 days Fisheries co-operative society: - 7 days Aquaculture and allied work : - 35 days Study tour: - 14 days in four major states of Indian coast line Maharashtra Karnataka Goa Kerala
FISH PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY
FISH PROCESSING PLANT SURVEY OF FISHERY PRODUCTS HINDUSTAN UNILIVER LTD PRE-PROCESSING HANDLING FISH CURING YARD
FISH MEAL PLANT
FISH PROCESSING PLANT
• Jinny Marine Traders is Eu approved plant located at G.I.D.C., Veraval. • Production capacity of plant is 20 ton. • They process only shellfishes like cuttlefish, squid, octopus and shrimp. • They receive raw material from Veraval, Porbandar, Mangrole, Okha.
• • • • • • • • The various sections at plant was … Raw material receiving room Raw material chill room Pre-processing section Ice-crushing room Processing section Blanching room Flake ice room
• Processing material chill room • IQF section • Packaging section • Daily packaging material room
• Cold storage
• Ant room
• Freezing section
(A) CUTTLE FISH 1 Sepiella inermis (Unda goti) 2 Sepia prasadi (Long Bone), (LB) 3 Sepia subaculeata (Dedka) 4 Sepia pharonis (Makul), (Biggest size) (B) SQUID
1 Loligo duvacelli (Indian squid)
2 Loligo indica (Semi needle)
(C) OCTOPUS 1 Octopus memranicus 2 Octopus vulguris (D) SHRIMP 1 Parapenaeopsis stylifera (Tiny) 2 Parapenaeopsis solenosera 3 Penaeus monodon (Tiger shrimp) 4 Metapenaeus dobsoni (Flower tail prawn) 5 Metapenaeus affinis 6 Metapeneaus monoceros (Kapsi)
RAW MATERIAL ASSESSMENT
ORGANOLEPTIC ASSESSMENT Freshness Cleanliness Odour Texture Temperature 2.CHEMICAL ASSESSMENT
1.CUTTLEFISH 2. SQUID CFW, CFWC, CFST, CFTN, CFSK. SQWC, SQW, SQTN, SQRG, SQRGBKN, SSQ, SQFT, PUD Stuffed squid (SQ tube+PUD shrimp+Tentacle), SQT & SQTN, Frozen skewer with or without capsicum. HO, HL, HLSO, PUD Shrimp, PD (Block frozen).
YIELD FROM RAW MATERIAL
(1) SQW: 100%
(2) SQWC: - 80% (3) SQRG: - 40%
(4) PUD (HO): - 60%
(5) PUD (HL): - 45%
They strictly follow the HACCP norms and as per this norm they maintain their quality with GMP (Good Manufacturing Practice) & SSOP (Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures).
MICROBIALFREQUENC TEST Y
R.M. and S. aureus, V.C., finished Salmonella, TPC products Sanitation and TPC, Coliform, V.C. hygiene
EVERY 15 DAYS
aureus, E.coli, reducing bacteria
sulphite LOT WISE
Water and Ice
TPC, Coliform, V.C.
Every 15 days
Cuttlefish (B) CFW
U/1= 1050 gm, U/20= Less than 20 gm 1/2 =550-1050 gm, U/50= Less than 50 gm 2/4= 260-555 gm, 50/100 5/7= 160-255 gm, 100/150 8/12= 95-155 gm, 150/300 13/20= 55-90 gm, 20/40, 40/60, 60/Up or 60/80.
U/10, 10/20, 20/40, 40/60.
U/3, 3/6, 6/10, 10/20.
16/25, 20/40, 40/60.
Shrimp (A) PUD (Peeled and Un Deveined)
10/25, 20/40, 40/60, 60/80, 80/100, 10/200 200/300, 300/600. 10/30, 30/50, 50/70, 70/100, 100/20s0.
(B) HL (Head Less)
21/30, 31/40, 41/50, 51/60, 61/70.
(C) HO (Head On)
11/16, 16/20, 21/25, 26/30, 31/35, 36/40, 41/50.
DOCUMENTATION FOR EXPORT
For export of seafood container for Euro plant following documents are required. 4 Copy CFE 3 Copy invoice 2 Copy Code list Health certificate G.S.P.
Raw material register Water tank washing register Cold storage register Meeting register Online check register Cloth washing register Waste disposal register Water treatment plant register
Worker’s training register Freezer log book Ingredient check list Processing register Daily production and packaging register EIA certificate register Chlorine testing register Bacteriological register
SURVEY OF FISHERY PRODUCTS
• • • • • • • • • • • • Salted jelly fish Dried peak bone stone Processed fish vertebrae Fish gut lining Squid meal Air bladder of cat fish Dried Bombay duck Fish maws Dried jawala prawn Chitin Glucosamine Shark bone • • • • • • • • • • • • Dried scoliodon Gonad of Bombay duck Liver of cat fish Salted Hilsa Dried shrimp Dried Bombay duck Dried Mendali Dried reef cod Dried Herring Dried Silver Pomfrate Dried and salted shrimp Shark skin leather
HINDUSTAN UNILIVER LTD.
• • • • This plant is situated at Chorvad village. Surimi production is done here. Surimi is Japanese traditional product. Traditional advanced system was used for surimi production. • They operates two surimi plant one at Chorvad and another at Mangalore.
surimi production material used should be…
Cheap Easily available Low market value More flesh It should have white meat.
FISHES USED FOR SURIMI PRODUCTION
Rani fish (Nemipterus spp.)
Dora (Priacanthus spp.) (Kinmedai) Bhunger (Saurida spp.) Turi (Johnius spp.) Dhoma (Johnius spp.) Jeera (Sphyraena spp) Bagga (Trichurus spp.)
1 kg meat was taken as sample at every 100 carton. After sample preparation various tests are done to analyze the quality of surimi. Moisture: - measured in moisture meter. It should be 75.5%. Gel strength: - measured in RHEO TEX meter.
Contamination test: - sand particles were checked. Whiteness: - checked by whiteness meter. Meat pH: - measured by pH indicator. Ashi test: - teeth are pierced into meat.
Apart from this water Hardness, water PH, TDS and Chlorine tests were also done. Microbiological tests are also done such as TPC, Salmonella, E-Coli, Vibrio, Salmonella, S. aureus etc. Grades were determined after 2 days of packing.. Main exporter country is Japan.
Handling of fish/shellfish on board vessel. Handling practice in fishing harbour.
Handling of shellfish in preprocessing center.
Study of hygiene and sanitation of boat, ice, containers & landing centers.
FISH CURING YARD
Jose & Bros. and S.S. Fisheries is located at G.I.D.C., Veraval. Generally fishes like Ribbonfish, Dhoma, Jibh, Bombay duck, Kati, Magra, Bangada, Barracuda, Shark, Eel, Sole fish, Turi are used for dry salting. Market: Assam, Kerala, West Bengal and Tripura Raised platform were used for drying of fish it prevent fish from contamination through dust, animal and also from water.
Dried fish has shelf life of 15 days in summer and 30 days in winter. Products were prepared as per the buyers demand. Light salt full drying for West Bengal, Tripura, Assam. Light salt semi dried for Kerala, Tamilnadu. Export in Srilanka and Singapore.
FISH MEAL PLANT
Star fish meal plant is located at G.I.D.C.,
Veraval. Fish meal is mainly prepared from the kutto. Fish meal is used as a feed for the poultry farms. Raw material received from Veraval, Porbandar, Jakhow, Mangrole, Okha. R.M. includes trash fishes, damaged, and rejected fishes & waste from fish processing industries.
Depending on protein level grading is done.
GRADE: - A Protein : 45 % Moisture: 10-12 % Sand/silt: 5 % Salt :5% GRADE: - B Protein : 35 % Moisture: 10-15 % Sand/silt: 8-10 % Salt : 5 %
Storage: - stored in gunny bags of 50-55 kg. Shelf life: - 6 months. Storage capacity of plant: - 1000 ton. Market price of fish meal: - Rs. 8000/ton. Marketing: - generally poultry farm. Problem: - during storage insect infestation and moisture level.
FISH CATCH COMPOSITION ANALYSIS
SHRI MAHAVIR MACHIMAR SAHKARI MANDLI
• This co-operative society is located at Mangrole • Establishment year: - 1954. • The society is working for the progress and socio-economic upliftment of fishermen community of Mangrole village.
ACTIVITY OF SOCIETY
• Following services are rendered to member fisher men. Diesel Fishing gear, equipment and accessories. • Provide subsidy on purchase of small boat and gears. • They help fishermen for selling of catch.
• Fisherman of that area having at least 18 yr old can be a member of this society. • Membership fee is 51 Rs.
ROYAL FIBER SHIP YARD MANGROLE
• Chemicals & Materials required for FRP boat construction are… Mat Rouise Rasin Wax or polish Cobalt Catalyst Pigment Gel coat
FISHING EXPERIENCE JAFRABAD
• Fishing trip was started early morning. • Fishing ground was at 2 hrs distance. • Mainly Dol net is used for fishing. • 4 Dol net was set. • After 6-7 hrs net was hauled. • Catch was sorted on the deck and stored in fish hold.
VERAVAL FISHING HARBOUR
• Survey of 60 various boats with their catch detail & registration name and No. • Benefits:1.Species available in particular area & season 2.Average catch/boat 3.Annual catch
SOCIO-ECONOMIC SURVEY IN FISHING VILLAGE CHORWAD
1. SURVEY OF VILLAGE 2. SOCIO-ECONOMIC DETAILS
3.QUESTIONNAIRE RELATED FISHING
• • • • • • • • Their Education level Health Source Of Income Outlook Of People Type Of Sanitation Their Village Problems Their Social Status Problem they are facing in day to day life.
STUDY OF FISHERIES COOPERATIVE SOCIETY VERAVAL
CO-OP SOCIETY SURVEYED…
• GUJARAT FISHERIES CENTRAL COOPERATIVE ASSOCIATION
• PARISHRUM FISHERIES COOPERATIVE SOCIETY • DANDI VIBHAG KHETI SAHKARI MANDLI
• MANDATES • PRODUCTION SINCE 5 YEARS • PRODUCTS • MARKETING • IMPACT ON FISHERMEN
AQUACULTURE AND ALLIED WORK
1. 2. 3. 4. Shrimp farming at Navsari for 15 days. Fisheries Research Station Okha for 8 days. Fisheries Research Station Sikka for 2 days. Inland Fisheries Research station Junagadh for 7 days. 5. Fish Farming at Bharuch for 3 days.
SHRIMP FARMING NAVSARI
• Drying and Raking: - 20-30 days drying to reduce bacterial load. • Water source: - “Gutadia khadi” near Matwad village. • Water Filling, Filtration & Treatment: using pump water is taken and bleaching powder is applied for disinfection.
Water preparation: Mixture of 10 kg rice bran + 10 kg sugar + 100 gm yeast was prepared in 50 lit water for 1 ha pond and allowed to ferment for 5-6 days in tank. •Environ AC (Biostat India ltd) 1st dose @ 10 kg/ha before stocking and 2nd dose @ 5kg/ha/week for algal bloom.
• For stocking Golden yellow water color is preferred. • Seed purchased from “VAISHAKHI Biomarine Pvt. Ltd.” located at Chennai. • They purchase only PCR, MBV, and Wrinkling tested seed.
• • • • •
Stocking was done by Tank aeration method. Total stocking density was 6 lakh seed. Stocking density was 6 No/M2. Total area: - 17 ha. Pond under culture at present: - 14 No.
STOCKING BY TANK AERATION METHOD
• CP (Charoen Pokphand) brand feed was used. • Feeding was done four times per day. • For feeding (1) Boat feeding and (2) dyke feeding method was followed.
• Blind feeding was done for first 45 days. • Schedule for blind feeding for 1 lakh seed… • 1 – 10 DOC: - 1-1.5 kg/day & 200gm/day increments. • 11 – 30 DOC: - 400 gm/day increment. • 30 – 45 DOC: - 30gm/day increment
CHECK TRAY FEEDING
•Why it is? To analyze Feed consumption, survival, health status of shrimp and to control feeding rate. • 10 % feed of total feed. • After 2 hrs check tray is observed and on the basis of this feeding management is done.
Water quality management
Water quality is important as it direct affect the shrimp health and growth. So water quality should be maintain at its optimum. • Salinity: - 18-25 ppt. • pH: - 7.5 to 8.5 • Alkalinity: - 100-200 ppm • DO2: - 10 ppm
•Why it is? It helps to overcome stress & provide high survival rate & enhance uniform growth of shrimp. These 2 Probiotics were used at Samapore. •SUPER BIOTIC (Zymatin and Mutazene) •SUPER-PS
• Why it is? Do it at regular interval to Predict health status Growth rate Survival rate Calculate ABW and FCR for better feeding management
• Here sampling was done every week after 45 days of stocking.
• Sampling was done by cast net.
• They take sample from each pond and sent in CP lab for testing.
•It is used to maintain DO2. • Pushing area should be bigger than the pulling area for better aeration. • Three different types aerators were used.
Aerators are run 2 hrs during day time and 6 hrs during night.
LONG ARM AERATOR
When shrimp attain 30-35 gm weight, harvesting is done using bag net.
Harvested shrimp are mixed with ice(1:1).
Harvest in early morning and in pre molt stage.
Buyers are from Bombay
Castle rock 4 Star
COMMON DISEASE PROBLEM
Disease problem faced by shrimp farmers are as follow… Protozoan infection (Zoothamium) White spot disease (WSSV) White gut Blue shell
• Water quality problem due to lab-lab and bloom crushing. • Blackening of soil • During monsoon flood.
FISHERIES RESEARCH STATION
• • • • • • • Aquaculture (shrimp hatchery) Marine biology Fish processing technology Ecology and environment Extension Museum Library
• Shrimp hatchery • Live feed culture Artemia culture Chaetoceros culture Sea weed culture
• Preparation of shrimp/fish feed.
ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT DEPARTMENT
• Bioassay test • Estimation of heavy metals in cephalopods.
FISHERIES RESEARCH STATION SIKKA
• Molluscan hatchery was established in 1992. • The main activities are Research and Extension. • Their main research work is on breeding and larval rearing of Molluscan spp. (Pearl oyster, Edible oyster and Mussel).
• They have ranched 35 lakh pearl oyster in the sea. • Present research work is going on Pinctada fucata. • Characteristic area for pearl oyster population… Area having no sediment Clear water Presences of Isochrysis galbana More phytoplankton
BROODSTOCK MAINTANANCE FOR MOLLUSCAN BROODER
• 200 No. Of P. fucata and 200 No. Crassostrea gryphoides are kept in A.C. lab from raft. • Water quality parameter Salinity: - 35 ppt pH: - 7-8 Temperature: - 20-25 C Aeration: - continuous with water circulation.
culture, mixed diatom and biflagellate as feed @ 200 ml/day/animal twice in a day. • Debrice, excreta, pseudofeacus was removed by siphoning daily before feeding. • Siphoned water was replaced by fresh seawater of 35 ppt.
FEED USED FOR OYSTER CULTURE
• • • • • • Isochrysis galbana Dicrateria inornata Chromalin pleiodes Skeletonima costatum Chaetoceros spp. Nitzia spp.
•For larval culture 10-cells/ml dose per
day from second day onward up to Umbo stage. Double the feeding from Umbo to Pediveliger larvae. Triple the feeding from Pediveliger upto settlement.
• For mass culture 1 lit/day from
settlement to first month. 2 lit/day from second month.
3 lit/day from third
month. 4 lit/day from fourth month.
They have work much on edible oyster but they have not got success in breeding so from this year project is closed.
They have got achievement to breed Green mussel first time in Gujarat. They have breed 1700 breeders at a time. They procure brooder of this species from… Near Dwarka Khodiyar creak. Mocha Gorsar near Porbandar is a perna belt. Breeding was done by Thermal jerk method.
INLAND FISHERIES RESEARCH STATION
“TO DEVELOP AND CONTINUOUSLY IMPROVE FISH FARMING TECHNOLOGY SUITABLE FOR LOCAL AGRO-CLIMATIC CONDITIONS BENEFITING FISH FARMERS OF THE STATE.”
• Nursery pond: - 12 No. (20x10x1 mt) (0.24 ha). • Rearing pond: - 13 No. (40x20x1.2 mt) (2.4 ha). • stocking pond: - 19 No (100x30x1.5 mt) (5.7 ha) (5 ponds are under construction).
• Among IMC only Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigal was stocked. • For feeding following ingredients were used… • GNOC • Rice bran • Raj dan • Cotton
• Feed was given @ 5-8 % of body wt. Equal the body wt for first three days. Double the body wt from the 4th to 8th day. Triple the body wt from 9th to 15th day.
• Sampling was done to analyze Length-Weight relationship, growth rate and health status. • Water sample was taken from each pond for planktonic study. • Daphnia and Cyclopes were present in bulk. • The growth rate was good and no symptoms of disease.
• Water quality parameter was also measured.
DO2: - 3-9 ppm. pH: - 7.5-8.5. Alkalinity: - >50 ppm to < 100 ppm. Total hardness: - 500-600 ppm. Calcium hardness: - 300-400 ppm.
MAHARAJA FISH FARM SISODRA
•Hatchery management of finfish. • fish seed production. •Fish farming.
• Brooders were selected by observing their sexual character. • Breeding was carried out by Hormonal manipulation. • for that hormone (Ova prim) dose was given, male: - 0.2 ml/kg body wt female: - 0.4 ml/kg body wt. • Male:Female = 1:1. • Kakaban was placed in the tank for the attachment of eggs.
• The hatchery system used for seed production was Chinese type circular hatchery. • Water supply was by gravitational force in every department.
• They have one 10 ha fish pond having Inlet but no Outlet. • In this stocking was done only during monsoon season. • Water from upper area fill the pond.
CENTRAL INSTITUTE OF FISHERIES EDUCATION, MUMBAI TARAPOREWALA AQUARIUM, MUMBAI COLLEGE OF FISHERIES, MANGALORE CENTRAL MARINE FISHERIES RESEARCH INSTITUTE, COCHIN
MARINE PRODUCT EXPORT DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY, COCHIN CENTRAL INSTITUTE OF FISHERIES NAUTICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY-COCHIN INTEGRATED FISHERIES PROJECTCOCHIN COLLEGE OF FISHERIES, PANANGADH –COCHIN
CENTRAL INSTITUTE OF FISHERIES TECHNOLOGY, COCHIN CHINESE DIP NET, COCHIN NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF OCEANOGRAPHY (GOA)
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