Manitoba’s

Weekly
June 20, 2006

Vol. 10, No. 24

E stablishEd 1995 www.grassrootsnews.mb.ca

DISTRIBUTED THROUGHOUT MANITOBA’S 63 FIRST NATIONS, MéTIS NATION AND ALL MAJOR URBAN AND RURAL CENTRES

In This Issue DENE GET APOLOGY 2
GRASSROOTS NEWS ELECTION FORUM NEWS BRIEFS MéTIS LAND CASE WINDS DOWN THE MMF ELECTION— MAKING THE RIGHT CHOICE

4 7 8

Chartrand finally gets dumont to surface/ 6

Pleased To meeT you

10 WE HAVE A DREAM 11 18 23 29

NATIONAL ABORIGINAL DAY FRONTLINE REPORT: SIX NATIONS SHE SHOOTS, SHE SCORES

BloCkade ThreaT /2

lITTle Toe TaPPers / 24
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GRASSROOTS NEWS

June 0, 006 006J

line drawn in sand
Railway Blockade to go ahead as planned
By PhIlIP Paul-marTIN

A

planned 24 hour blockade of railines by members of the Roseau River First Nation will go ahead as planned. The blockade, scheduled for June 29th will take place at two locations near Roseau River reserve land. The locations cover lines owned by both Canadian Pacific Railways and Canadian National lines running into the United States and are located immediately east and west of the reserve. The blockade has been supported by the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs and the Southern Chiefs Organization. Roseau River Chief Terry Nelson and Rolling River Chief Morris Shannacappo made the announcement late last week at the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs boardroom in Winnipeg. The decision to blockade rail lines say the chiefs is a result of a deliberate delay by the Federal government in settling Treaty Land Entitlements. Nelson claims his band has an outstanding land claim that has dragged on for 12 years with no end in sight. That frustration, he says, compells him to take action, “Railways are the economic lifeblood of the country,” said Nelson. “You don’t get anywhere unless you make an economic impact,” referring to the expected cost to railways of a 24-hour blockade. A sworn affadavit signed by the General Manager of Operations for Canadian National’s prairie region from 1999 revealed an average of 45 trains per day travel through the province averaging 4000 cars. “These figures are 7 years old but if anything it shows what we have been saying all along. We can make an impact and only after this happens will they listen to us. “This happens as a result of frustration on our part. If anyone can pro-

Roseau River Chief Terry Nelson. vide me with another way for us to go ahead then I would ask you to step forward and let us know, “ Nelson told the assembled media. “We have known for some time the impact we can have if we blockaded a rail line. We have known since 1990 but it’s only now that we have chosen to take action.” Nelson suggested that both railway companies ‘either double up their shipments the day before or day after’ the blockade but would not back down on the timeframe or decision to stop traffic along the internationally accessed rail line. Nelson claims the action is going to be peaceful but left the door open if something were to happen. “If the RCMP use violence then I can assure you that it will not be just a day blockade. It will be continuous.” Nelson reiterated the blockade would be non-violent but “violence if any always comes from the government side.” Rolling River Chief Morris Shannacappo stated that his band will blockade a Manitoba rail line ‘somewhere

on June 29th’ but would not provide further details. “Plans are in place for us to do what needs to be done,” said Shannacappo. “Look at it this way. We’re tired of being on the side that always gets the short end of the stick. The lands we are entitled to are key for us in the area of economic development. When we develop the capacity to provide jobs for our people by whatever means we choose then we have a way to stand on our own. That’s what this is all about.”

Province apologizes for remarks
By GrassrooTs sTaFF

The province has issued an apology to the people of the Sayisi Dene First Nation for alleged sexist and racist comments made by a longtime civil servant in March. Ministers Ron Lemieux and Oscar Lathlin were in Tadoule Lake last week. The comments were made by

Don Kuryk and caught on a voicemail left for the General Manager of the Bunibonibee Cree Nation. Kuryk had mistakenly believed the call had ended and referred to the former chief as a “sweety” before saying, “she must have been a good looking bitch when she was younger.” He later alluded to the physical differences between Cree and Dene people saying the Dene

“they are finer texture” then the Cree. The comments sparked an outrage among northern First Nations leaders where they demanded an investigation and an apology at a news conference held to address the incident. Kuryk was suspended pending the outcome of an investigation but has since retired from the provincial civil service.

Tadoule Lake councillor Gladys Powderhorn.

6 6June 0, 006

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GRASSROOTS NEWS

June 0, 006 006J

GRN election forum draws crowd

Freighthouse audience all ears as candidates set out their platforms.

David Chartrand: “Unity is action, not just a word.”
By leN kruzeNGa

Métis youngster displays her political allegiance. Brian Normand and Nelson Sanderson used the forum to set out their views on the Winnipeg region and Métis issues in general. Chartrand went on the offensive challenging Nelson’s Sanderson’s earlier remarks that the Winnipeg Region office was not open to everyone, saying his office had always had an “open-door policy. Sanderson hammered home the need for the Winnipeg Region to become more active in local community-based initiatives such as advocating for the re-opening of the former north-end YMCA complex on McGregor. “Our youth need a place to belong, and an avenue to develop healthy activities,” he said. Carriere stressed his experience as a skilled negotiator, but was forced to defend himself during a public question period regarding his remuneration as a BOD noting it was not any more than other BOD members had received. Normand continued to stress his

D

espite short notice over 200 people assembled at the Freighthouse for the Grassroots News MMF Winnipeg Region’s all candidates forum held last Wednesday. And although Yvon Dumont failed to appear yet again, he did send his regrets noting that he had received less than 24-hours notice from Grassroots News about the sponsored debate, a fact its publisher Arnold Asham conceded when he apologized both to the audience and the Winnipeg Region candidates—all who managed to make the debate. “I apologize for giving people such short notice,” said Asham. “And I sincerely thank all the candidates for making such a great effort to attend this forum. While two candidates—Ron Chartrand VP and Randy Delaronde—took a swing at Asham for providing them

with such short notice, the other candidates told members of the audience which included members of the Winnipeg media they were happy to have the opportunity to speak to them. During the BOD forum Jess Anderson, Dina Delaronde, Randy Delaronde, Carla Engel, Louise McQuade, Justin Richard and Claire Riddle outlined their positions regarding their visions regarding the MMF and the Winnipeg local. Of the seven candidates, Richard continued to press his agenda of promoting greater youth participation and developing programs and services geared for elders, including establishing community gardens to provide healthy food alternatives, garnering vocal support from the audience, young and old alike.

platform of encouraging fundamental principles of dignity, humility and Métis culture

VP forum gets some spark. Incumbent VP Ron Chartrand and his three challengers Andrew Carriere,

Chartrand’s message consistent “The commitment the people make and the other BOD and VP candidates make to participating in these elections must always be respected,” said Chartrand, in a clear challenge to his once again absent rival “As people who wish to represent you we must always make ourselves available to you the people, the ones we wish to serve. Chartrand repeated that the MMF has made unprecedented gains in terms of jurisdiction in child and family services, providing educational support, promoting Métis culture and pride and pressing self-government and harvesting rights in the courts. “Never have we been so strong, so united and so close to realizing our dreams as a people and a nation.

6 6June 0, 006

GRASSROOTS NEWS 

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GRASSROOTS NEWS

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s/W candidates square off in brandon

Yvon Dumont prepares for showdown with his rival in Brandon.

Leah LaPlante, VP Candidate S/W Region .

Nearly 100 people attended Brandon forum.

Will Goodon challenges Dumont’s claim.

Dumont shows up for debate
By leN kruzeNGa

A

nother S/W Region candidates forum, this time in held Brandon, last Thursday, featured the return of Yvon Dumont to the public arena after missing at least five previous local debates. An earlier Winnipeg Free Press story and the very public complaints by grassroots MMF members over his failure to appear were dismissed by Dumont, saying the debates he did not attend were simply the result of previous commitments to meet with oth-

er locals and insufficient notice given to him, a contention immediately and very publicly rebuffed by members of the Cherry Creek local, who told Dumont they had given his office at least two weeks notice. And an attempt by Dumont to say that S/W region BOD candidate Will Goodon orchestrated the local’s candidates forum was vigorously challenged by Goodon as “nonsense.” “Mr. Dumont knows I am a candidate and that the local’s executive arranged the debate to help inform our people. First he tries to make the excuse of conflicting commitments but then he adds that he didn’t appear because I am a David Chartrand supporter. His excuses aren’t even consistent and don’t reflect the truth. He disre-

spected the people by not even sending his regrets or an apology to the local.” And while Dumont tried to forward his contention that the MMF lacked unity, accountability and spent too much time pursuing lawsuits against its critics, it became obvious from the audience’s response that the majority of grassroots MMF members continue to reject his assertions. And Dumont’s contention that during his former tenure as MMF president he had steered the organization to a point where it had over 200 employees and secured multi-million dollar education, employment and housing deals were met with looks of incredulity from many members in the audience not the least, his rival and incumbent MMF president David Chartrand,

who noted the MMF consisted of less than 10 employees at Head office when he was first elected and that the organization was in fact in receivership due to mismanagement and political infighting. Chartrand also thanked the Brandon local executive for their hard work in the region and the honour of working on their behalf underlining his demonstrated commitment to responsibility and accountability. “Unity isn’t just a word. It is about taking action. It is about protecting the rights and interests of all Métis, no matter where they are from,” he said. “Whether in the north or south, large or small, urban or rural, all our locals

See “Brandon” on page 24

6 6June 0, 006

GRASSROOTS NEWS 

MLAs announce endorsement of Chartrand’s bid
GrN sTaFF

I

n an unprecedented show of support five provincial Conservative MLAs have publicly endorsed their support of MMF President David Chartrand’s bid for re-election on June 29th. Dennis Rocan (Carman), Jack Penner (Emerson), Jack Reimer (Southdale), David Faurschou (Portage-La-Prairie) and Ron Shuler (Springfield) made the announcement on Monday saying Chartrand’s

leadership on behalf of his people was “unsurpassed” in modern Métis governance. And recent Métis political science graduate Eugene Pelletier says the endorsement indicates the intense interest in the MMF election by mainstream provincial and civic officials. “The MMF has clearly become a political force to be reckoned with that has demonstrated both the technical and administrative capacity and skills to develop a reputation as a model of aboriginal self-governance

that works and delivers concrete results. “There’s no doubt that Mr. Chartrand’s leadership has raised the Métis peoples profile and credibility among other levels of government and that politicians are eager to associate themselves with the MMF as an example of a functioning and working aboriginal democracy. While Chartrand greeted the announcement he underscored that the move by the provincial MLAs was, in fact, just as much an endorsement

of the Métis Nation as it was of his leadership. “I simply represent the Métis people and their aspirations and needs. The endorsement of my re-election bid is an endorsement of what the Métis people have accomplished over the last nine years and a recognition of our rightful place as descendants of the Métis people who formed this great province and contributed so much to make it what it is today,” said Chartrand.

newS BriefS
Bank teller charged
A 60-year-old woman from the Grand Rapids First Nation faces theft and public mischief charges after allegedly bilking the Median Credit Union of just over $60,000. The woman worked at the Credit Union Branch located at the Pelican Landing gas bar and reported a violent robbery on May 30th to the RCMP. The woman claimed that an unidentified assailant had knocked her unconscious and stole the video tape from a camera before fleeing. Police were unable to corroborate her story and she later admitted to making the incident up. After investigating further, Police found an alleged two year embezzling scheme. Dorothy Mcleod, 60, is scheduled to make a court appearance in Grand Rapids in July.

Tot killed by dog
The community of Sayisi Dene at Tadoule Lake remains in shock after a three-year-old boy died after being mauled by a dog. The incident happened last Thursday. The boy was playing in the front of his grandmother’s home with his cousin when the attack occurred. The dog has since been destroyed. An autopsy found the boy died of

multiple injuries stemming from dog bites including wounds to his throat. Thompson RCMP issued a statement on Friday. The latest incident marks the second death of a child killed by a dog in the last three years on a Manitoba First Nation. In 2003 a four-year-old on the Nisichawayasihk Cree Nation at Nelson House was killed by a pack of dogs just outside his grandmother’s home.
By GrN sTaFF 

GRASSROOTS NEWS

June 0, 006 006J

metiS land claimS

land Claims trial into final phase
By kevIN masoN

T

he historic Metis Land Claims case is coming to a close as the Manitoba Metis Federation lawyers are presenting their final arguments. Thomas Berger spent last week going over the historical evidence that was presented at the trial. Among the evidence presented to the court was a quote from Sir John A MacDonald as he spoke to the House of Commons. The then Prime Minister told the House that 1.4 million acres was to be set aside for the “half breeds” for the purpose of settlement. Throughout his summation Justice A. MacInnes had a number of questions and points of clarification that he brought forward, which Mr. Berger answered. The Justice did agree that the federal government’s idea at the time was that the land would be used by the Metis to form settlement in Manitoba. Mr. Berger said that while it would ultimately be up to Justice MacInnes to decide on the historical evidence which was presented, it was his and

the MMF’s contention that the federal government had a responsibility to act in the best interest of the Metis and to keep the land in federal guardianship for the Metis children who were to be the recipients of the grant. John Morrisseau, who was the President of the MMF when work first began on the land claims, said he was very happy with the way the trial is going. One thing that was a pleasant surprise was the sheer amount of information the MMF team was able to put together to present to the court. “I believe we have a very strong case,” said Morrisseau. The one thing that did catch him off guard was the amount of information that government experts presented to the court. “It seemed to me that they were all saying the same thing just in different ways. I would have expected the government to present different information instead of just having different people say the same thing over and over,” he said. This land claims case has been a long time in getting to the point were

the MMF is presenting its final arguments. Morrisseau pointed out that the work on this case began in 1976 prior to the repatriation of the Canadian Constitution. He noted that then Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau provided funding for the Metis to conduct their research into the Metis land question which started at the Red River settlement. “It took us three years to do the research that was required and our first statement of claim was made in 1980,” he said. Looking back on what has taken place, Mr. Morrisseau said he was happy that the organization was able to take its time and put forward as strong a case as it has. I am also very happy that the MMF has continued to pursue this case through the various leaders that came after him. While he was the man who started the process, Mr. Morrisseau said that he never really believed that the issue would come even this far. I always believed that once the research was completed and presented to the government they would sit down with us and

negotiate a settlement. “After all it was the federal government under Prime Minister Trudeau that gave us the money to begin the research process,” he added. Morrisseau still believes that the issue will be resolved through negotiation as opposed to a court ordered settlement. I know that the current leadership of the MMF is willing to sit down with the government and develop a settlement without going any further in the court process. “I guess it really is up to the province and the federal government to decide that the step to a negotiated settlement is in the best interest of everybody. It is my belief that a negotiated settlement is in everybody’s interest,” he said. When the time arrives and the details of a settlement need to be agreed on by the Metis people, I believe we will be able to come together and put our thoughts on the table and come up with an agreement that most people agree to. This can not be done by the leadership alone, said

continued on next page

Manitoba Metis Federation inc. • interlake Metis association inc. • selkirk red river Metis local inc. • city oF selkirk National Aboriginal Day Eveline Street North Selkirk Park, Selkirk Manitoba Wednesday, June 21, 2006
Here is a brief history of the origins of National Aboriginal Day: 1982–national indian brotherhood (now the assembly of First nations) calls for the creation of June 21 as a day to celebrate aboriginal culture. 1990–Quebec legislature recognizes June 21 as a day to celebrate aboriginal culture 1995–royal commission on aboriginal peoples recommends the designation of a national First People’s day 1996–June 13 – Former Governor General romeo leblanc, declares June 21 as national aboriginal day after consultations with various aboriginal Groups June 21–national aboriginal day is first celebrated with events from coast to coast to coast June 21–was chosen because of the cultural significance of the summer solstice and because many aboriginal groups mark this day as a time to celebrate their culture.

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Guests Include
• President david chartrand • vice President bill Flett • board of director Jack Park • local MMF chair ron Fewchuk • Many other dignitaries

• various entertainers • square dancers Manitoba Metis Federation inc. interlake Metis association inc. Po box 390 st. laurent, Manitoba r0c 2s0 Phone: 646-2706 Fax: 646-4171 toll Free: 1-866-317-3347 e-Mail: ima@mts.net

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6 6June 0, 006

GRASSROOTS NEWS 

metiS land claimS
Morrisseau, who added that all the Metis in the province will need to be consulted and listened to in order to have something to take to government. We have not only brought our case forward we have put Canadian history on trial and I believe that a better understanding of what happened is being understood by a number of people. Walter Menard has been in attendance throughout most of this trial, he too said that he is happy with the way the trial is going. “I just wish that we could have gotten to this point a lot sooner than we were able to,” he said. “While we still do not know the results of the trial I think things are going our way,” he said. Mr. Menard went on to point out that he really did not think the issue would lie with the ruling that this court made. Win or lose I believe we will see the decision appealed, but this is a good beginning. The trial did surprise Mr. Menard with the amount of archival material that was available which nobody knew about. With all the information that was made available at the trial it would be a good opportunity for somebody to put this information together, because it is certainly not being taught in the schools to the youth of the province. The Metis are now talking about nationhood, but you can’t have nationhood without knowing your roots and where you came from. This information is a good basis for that knowledge, the over 2,000 pieces of evidence and documents would also be a good basis to reform the current curriculum in the schools and start teaching a more balance history of the Metis. While the MMF lawyers were able to surprise Mr. Menard with the volume of evidence the crown’s case really did not surprise him at all. “I pretty much expected to hear what I did from the government’s experts and witnesses, there was nothing there that I haven’t heard before,” he said. While he feels the case went well for the Metis, Mr. Menard did point out that it is being heard in a court of law and not a court of justice so you never know what the end result will be. MMF President David Chartrand said he too was happy with the way the case is going for the Metis. He noted that from a personal stand point when he entered the courtroom on Thursday morning he couldn’t believe they were finally at this point. It was definitely a good feeling and a long time in

Métis gather at the Leg. in April in a strong show support of the Métis Land Claims case. the making, he said. This court case will be a positive part of the legacy we leave our future generations he said. I am very happy we have been able to take the government to court and to bring out the injustice that was done to the Metis people. I hope that the people realize the long hours and work that has gone into the developing this case, said president Chartrand. He was quick to point

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out that the credit for this work did not rest with him alone as there were many people dating back to John Morrisseau who put in a great deal of work to get to this point. The MMF will continue to present their closing arguments this week and then the government will summarize their case before Justice MacInnes makes his decision.

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10 GRASSROOTS NEWS

June 0, 006 006J

editorial

Responsibility is yours
Continued progress or a return to marginalization?

Publisher Arnold AshAm publisher@grassrootsnews.mb.ca Administration/Finance JAnice mckAy admin@grassrootsnews.mb.ca Editor kevin mAson • grnews@mts.net • 589-8192 Editor-at-large len kruzengA • 582-4923 Advertising Services gAry hAmilton garyh@grassrootsnews.mb.ca • 586-7025 frAnk beAulieu 582-4896 Design and Layout grAhAm dempster grahamd@grassrootsnews.mb.ca Administrative Assistant JAckie AshAm Distribution mitchell AshAm JAmes moAr GrASSrootS NEwS A division of A.A. Aboriginal Advertising inc. 24-1635 burrows Avenue Winnipeg, manitoba r2X 3b5 phone: (204) 589-7495 fax: (204) 589-7540 visit us on-line

W

ith nine days remaining to election day there is much riding on the outcome of the votes for the various regional board member and vice-presidential candidates and the president’s position, During the campaign, which we’ve covered extensively and devoted significant attention to during the past five weeks we’ve discovered that many of the candidates share common visions and ideals for the Métis Nation which can be summed up as the “advancement of Métis rights and the continuation of a political agenda that has reaped only progress during the last six years” in areas of employment, education, culture, child and family services, technical capacity and public and political profile.” The facts are there and are irrefutable-the Métis as a people in this province are in the strongest position they have ever been since the days of Louis Riel and Gabriel Dumont and the future of this Métis Nation will be decided by the outcome of the June 29th vote when the people must now shoulder their responsibility to elect officials who are committed to building on this progress. No matter what our own critics may say, we set out to inform our readership on the issues, the candidates and their platforms as comprehensively and fairly as possible. That is our responsibility to our readers and we take that seriously. But it has become quite clear that there are many candidates in this campaign who are not advocates of accountability, transparency or the very democratic principles Louis Riel fought and died for. And while Mr. Dumont’s camp and supporters have derided our coverage and position as partisan, the facts are we gave each one of them repeated opportunities to state their political cases in our newspaper and they chose to rebuff our offers. That was their deliberate choice and one now that only serves to underscore a campaign built on the principle of rumour mongering, personal mudslinging and attacks and the politics of the 80s and early 90s when the MMF was held in such low public and political esteem that it wasn’t even on the public’s radar. In little more than nine short years, the MMF has transformed itself into arguably the most active aboriginal organization in the province and one highly regarded by the ordinary Manitoban. It evolved from an organization

forced to literally beg for recognition to an organization that commands recognition and respect for its accomplishments, energy and infectious community spirit. It has transformed itself from an organization viewed as dependant on society to one that contributes to the well-being and progress of municipal, civic, provincial and national society and is developing its own capacity to care, nuture and realize the personal and collective ambitions and needs of its people—despite an incessant attempt by a small group of people to undermine its reputation and that of the Métis Nation for their own personal agendas. Now it is time for the voters, the Métis people to send a clear message to those candidates who are committed to leading and working for their people and their nation because they wish to continue to create a brighter future for everyone—not just a select few—that the MMF will not return to the past. Mr. Chartrand is clearly the only leader running capable of maintaining the present course and has earned our endorsement and respect for waging a campaign in the open and laying his record and case before the Métis people while his rival, Mr. Dumont spent most of the campaign dodging most forums where he might be forced to face off against Mr. Chartrand. And no wonder. While Mr. Dumont spent most of his time attempting to create the myths of disunity and an alleged lack of transparency and accountability under Mr. Chartrand’s watch, Mr. Chartand has nothing but one accomplishment after another to rest his case upon. It has become obvious that what inspires Mr. Chartrand is his Métis pride and the energy and efforts of his people at the grassroots level from the smallest child to the most vulnerable elder living in the province’s smallest and most remote Métis communities to the bustling cities. During Chartrand’s term there hasn’t even been the hint of scandal, no internal infighting resulting in the near disintegration of the MMF, which occurred in the early 90s, and not one protest led by Métis people—who Dumont claims are so dissatisfied with Chartand’s leadership. Instead, what we have seen is the Métis people of this province gathering in strength at demonstrations and court hearings where Chartrand has been leading the charge to protect and regain Métis rights—from harvesting, land

IT has BeCome oBvIous ThaT whaT INsPIres mr. CharTraNd Is hIs méTIs PrIde aNd The eNerGy aNd eFForTs oF hIs PeoPle aT The GrassrooTs level From The smallesT ChIld To The mosT vulNeraBle elder lIvING IN The ProvINCe’s smallesT aNd mosT remoTe méTIs CommuNITIes To The BusTlING CITIes.

claims, justice and education access. As he has pointed out time and time again, it is the Métis people who give him the purpose, direction and support to fight for the Métis people and he has earned the peoples’ respect after the last election when he won by a razor thin margin by moving forward. It is time now for the Métis people to provide him and those board and vicepresidential candidates equally committed to progressive leadership with a clear and unequivocal sign they too want the Métis Nation to continue on a course that promises the Métis people and the future generations some of the very hopes and aspirations their ancestors had always dreamed off. There is a clear choice to make in this election at every electoral level of the MMF. One choice leads to a future based on realizing the cultural, economic and political betterment of the people while the other guarantees only a return to a less than desirable past. Choosing a leader like Chartrand who is ready, willing and able to continue on that path is only one part of the equation, electing BOD and vicepresidential candidates equally committed to such a vision is the other and perhaps even more important to advancing the Métis people’s cause faster and further than ever imagined. The future well-being of your families, communities and the Métis people as a whole depends on the decisions you make on June 29th.

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6 6June 0, 006

GRASSROOTS NEWS 11

We have a dream, too
From a speech given in 2000
maTThew CooN Come

comment: Six nationS deja vu?

T

here’s an ongoing crisis right here in this land, a slow, grinding and devastating human crisis that is overtaking our First Nations peoples, right in Canada’s own backyard. In Halifax earlier this week I drew a lesson from the situation of American blacks in the 1960s. Here’s why. In the 1960s, state-run white schools in the racist southern United States would not allow black children to register. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in the famous Brown v. Board of Education case that segregated black schools were not equal to segregated white schools, and that racial segregation was unconstitutional. The people of Burnt Church, N.B., would recognize the response from the white Southerners: Mobs of angry white people burnt cars and protested violently against the Supreme Court judgment that said that black people had rights. Did the U.S. Supreme Court back

down in Brown v. Board of Education and say it was mistaken because of the angry white mobs? Did the U.S. federal government go around black communities and try to get them to agree to limit their constitutional rights? Did Washington send in troops to beat black people into accepting that they could not go to school? No. In contrast, look at Canada’s experience. Our Supreme Court’s partial reversal in the second Marshall decision was a cowardly judicial retreat from impartial interpretation of the law. Obviously, the Supreme Court was intimidated by the intense violent reaction from non-Native Canadians on the East coast, and also possibly from the officers of the Crown. This was a textbook case of recognition of rights being subject to mob rule. When non-Native mobs made their objections violently known, instead of reinforcing its ruling, the Supreme Court heard an additional appeal and beat a retreat. Now look at the use of government re-

sources. The U.S. government sent in troops – not to challenge the protesters but to escort black children to the schools of their choice, and to protect them from the angry white mobs. Compare this with the ramming of Native boats by Canadian government cruisers, by the uniformed but lawless thugs of the federal Department of Fisheries. Meanwhile, Canada’s First Nations are still in crisis. First Nations peoples endure economic and social disparities that are shocking. Our infant mortality, rates of illiteracy, imprisonment, homelessness, ill health and suicide are through the roof. Unemployment rates in our communities are sometimes 80 per cent. I was Grand Chief of the James Bay Cree Nation when the name Utshimassits, or Davis Inlet, first came to international prominence. The Labrador Innu had been forcibly removed from their traditional lands on the Labrador mainland to this rocky little island in 1967. The government of Canada had known,

for 25 years, firsthand and in full detail, that the Innu were living there without clean drinking water or sanitation, and without any means of subsistence. It did nothing. Only when six kids attempted suicide on video in 1993 did this catastrophe come to light. Even then, the federal government continued its adversarial approach to the crisis, an approach of denial and minimization of its responsibility. The Indians are to blame, the minister said, they agreed to be moved. The Churches are to blame, the government said, they wanted them all in one place where they could be reached by boat. Nobody in the federal government admitted: Our policies are to blame. It took an investigation by the Assembly of First Nations (AFN), which led to a stinging report by the Canadian Human Rights Commission, to force the federal Crown to take steps to return traditional lands to the Davis Innu. Yet the prosecutions of Innu hunters continued, as did the persecution of the Innu leaders who opposed the destructive, military, low-level flight testing over their caribou grounds. And the exclusion of the Innu from any benefit

See “coon come” on page 27

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1 GRASSROOTS NEWS

June 0, 006 006J

Wuskwatim gets go-ahead
By kevIN masoN

L

ast week the all important vote on the $1 billion, 200-megawatt Wuskwatim Generation Project on the Burntwood River was held The hydro development partnership between NCN and Manitoba Hydro was given the go ahead by the membership. After a long night of counting votes NCN Chief Jerry Primrose announced that NCN members had voted to approve the Wuskwatim Project Development Agreement (PDA), giving the green light for Chief and Council to move forward with the official signing. About 70 percent of eligible members turned out during the two days of voting on June 7 and 14 in Nelson House, Thompson, South Indian Lake, Leaf Rapids Winnipeg and Brandon, with about 62 percent voting in favour. The results exceeded ratification requirements that state that a majority of eligible members vote, and that the majority of votes cast are in favour. By approving the agreement, Chief Primrose felt it was a victory for all NCN members and a positive sign for the future of the First Nation. “With the knowledge and the wisdom of our elders and resource users, we have worked hard to negotiate the best deal possible and we are proud of our achievement. Ratification of the Wuskwatim Project Development Agreement is a triumph for our First Nation. I feel the spirit of our ancestors in this result. We trust opponents of the project to respect the will of the members.” The deal that NCN voted to approve will give the band the opportunity to buy as much as one-third of the generating station and share in one-third of the profits. It will also receive about $100 million in contracts for the construction process (which it will share with joint venture partners) and more than $10 million in training related to the dam. It will require NCN to invest $1 million immediately. At the end of the six- year construction period — likely about 2012 — it will then have to come up with the rest of the money it wants to invest. Councillor and Future Development Portfolio Holder William Elvis Thomas, who spearheaded negotiations, said the vote is gratifying and reflects the efforts to involve members in the complex process and keep them informed. “The vote confirms that our extraordinary efforts to make sure our members understood the project and its benefits were worthwhile,” Thomas said. With the process that was adopted by the NCN leadership the people of

The Wuskwatim Rapids. NCN have never been this involved or informed on any other project. “Because of the amount of time and energy that was spent consulting with people and keeping them informed of the developments with this project I was never really worried that it would be approved,” said Councillor Thomas. “The vote indicates our membership recognizes the project is important to our future and developing the economic base we need to provide for our First Nation.” While the vote gives the Chief and Council the ability to move forward, Councillor Thomas noted that there will always be some group or people who will continue to work to stop the project. One such avenue they can take is to appeal the vote which was just taken and they have thirty days to do so. Councillor Thomas said there really is nothing that Chief and Council can do except wait and see if the opponents to the project take this route. He went on to say that there were some other actions that could be taken but the leadership will deal with these as they arise. The historic official signing of the PDA will take place June 26 in Nelson House. Construction will begin upon receipt of licenses and approvals commencing with the Wuskwatim access road. The project will take six years to complete and will provide employment opportunities for qualified NCN members and revenues of about $100 million in direct-negotiated construction contracts for NCN businesses and joint-venture partnerships. Councillor Thomas said that as far as he is concerned construction will begin on July 1st. “We really want to hit the ground running,” said Councillor Thomas. Because this project is truly a partnership between NCN and Manitoba Hydro Councillor Thomas noted that the community will continue to be involved right through the construction process. With the councillor investing about nine years of his life into this project he said that he is very happy to finally get to this point where construction will begin.

Not only was Councillor Thomas pleased with the result of the vote Chief Primrose also noted that this was a positive sign for the future of his community. “We have worked hard over the last nine years to negotiate the best possible deal and we are proud of what we have accomplished,” said the Chief. “Ratification of the Wuskwatim Project Development Agreement is a triumph for our First Nation. I feel the spirit of our ancestors in this result. Chief Primrose said the nine-year process leading to the agreement had been valuable to the First Nation, increasing the skills and experience of everyone involved, as well as providing long-term training opportunities now available in Nelson House through the newly opened $8.6-million Atoskiwin Training and Employment Centre (ATEC). ATEC has already provided training for over 300 members and many are now ready to apply for skilled jobs on the Wuskwatim project.

6 6June 0, 006

Elect

Carl Chartrand MMF Vice President, Interlake region

GRASSROOTS NEWS 1

Elect

robErt Gaudry MMF board of directors Interlake region

on june 29 For action n Vote For positiVe chanGe n Vote For proGress

as

two proud and deeply committed Métis men carl chartrand and robert Gaudry, share the same fundamental vision for the Métis nation and the work that needs to be done in their region—particularly at the locals level. “it is time for the interlake to regain its strength and vibrancy once again when we had over 20 active locals and when Métis gatherings would attract over 6,000 people,” says vice President candidate carl chartrand. “the strength of our people in the interlake region is there it just needs committed, active and determined leadership to inspire people and encourage their participation again.” bod candidate robert Gaudry agrees. a commercial fisherman most of his life who has lived, worked, played and participated in maintaining his Métis culture, heritage and pride, Gaudry says he decided to run for the board of directors in his region to bring his experience as a member of the board in the 80s and early 90s back into play once again. “carl and i agree that something had to be done to capitalize on the gains and successes our people are seeing at the provincial level here to the region and the locals. “our region hasn’t been active enough in developing programs and services for our people at the local level for years and that’s why people aren’t participating as much. carl and i have a plan to change that.” that plan says chartrand includes establishing regular regional gatherings—at least four times a year—so that all Métis people will have the chance to air their concerns, share their wisdom with their elected officials and have a say in the plans for the future. “i don’t blame the people for losing interest in the regional and local office affairs because those leaders have done nothing to encourage their participation or even seek out their views. “it’s the leadership that’s been lacking in our region. too many are simply occupying offices, collecting salaries and not contributing to the growth and development of our people and our nation,” says chartrand. “there isn’t enough contact and support with out elders who have vital contributions to make to us in their

wisdom, experience and inspiration for our youth. Gaudry and chartrand say they would immediately set up home visits for elders by Métis youth to help elders travel to medical appointments, do their shopping or help them read and understand various government documents they receive in the mail. “the elders link us back to out past and our heritage and the young people are our future looking to contribute to the way their world will be shaped. such a program would make our elders feel they are remembered and give our youth purpose and a connection to our people’s roots.” and chartrand and Gaudry say they would also develop a program where Métis youth could work in the various local and regional offices in order to develop skills as future leaders in their nation. “We need to get our youth involved and understanding how our nation governs and administers its programs. these will be the Métis peoples future leaders and we need to give them experience at the local levels so they can progress and keep the Métis nation strong. chartrand and Gaudry both as former board members with vast political and people skills forged at the grassroots and executive levels pledge a strong commitment and desire to work together. “the board and executive of the region have to be on the same page and share the same values,” says Gaudry. “carl and i want to move this region and the locals in the same direction—forward—and make the local and region strong so that we can really make a difference in our peoples lives. “there have been too many excuses in our region for not doing anything. our regions and locals don’t need to depend on head office to get things accomplished, we can do many things ourselves to allow Head office to focus and accomplish larger political tasks like the land claims and harvesting issues. chartrand agrees. “there is nothing stopping locals and regions from accessing and applying for programs and funding at the municipal, provincial and federal level. a d Pa i d F o r b y c A r l c H A r t r A N D / r o b E r t g A u D r y

“We will be taking the regions and locals to a level where they have the skills and capacity to lobby their local politicians and local government officials because the Métis are taxpayers too and have a right to the same services and programs as all Manitobans.”

in addition to advocating and protecting Métis rights to hunting, fishing and trapping, both men say increased local cultural events and gatherings would be a focus of their leadership.

“When we celebrate our culture, heritage and music we build pride, that pride can be harnessed for our people into other action such as job creation and training for our people at the local levels, into giving our elders a place to participate in the life of their communities and taking programs such as stocking lakes with fish, teaching our youth how to hunt and trap and maintain our way of life and in education our people.”

but both chartrand and Gaudry agree that before any of that can happen, the local and regional offices need leaders willing to put in the maximum effort.

For example, the selkirk local is very strong because individuals such as romona Forest are good role models for the locals, with a dedication to Métis citizens. if we build strong locals we have a solid foundation to ensure grassroots participation in the direction of the Métis people.

a vote for carl chartrand and robert Gaudry is a vote for action instead of inaction. it is a vote for real progress not simply promises.

“our people formed this province and lived from the land by doing not talking. they seized the opportunities and worked hard every day,” says chartrand. “our leaders in this region have forgotten that and as a result the region has not lived up to its responsibilities to the people.

“robert and i share the vision, commitment and respect of our Metis culture to want better for our people and this region and to make it happen no matter how hard we have to work. the people deserve this from us and they will get it when they vote for us on June 29th and the interlake will become one of the strongest regions, as it once was.

1 GRASSROOTS NEWS

June 0, 006 006J

mmf newS

MMF provides support for Metis athletes on their way to Colorado
MASRC-controlled legacy fails to deliver

T

he Manitoba Métis Federation (MMF) recently announced immediate financial support of $600 per Manitoba Métis athlete selected to represent the Métis Nation and Team Manitoba in the upcoming 2006 North American Indigenous Games (NAIG) in Denver, Colorado.

These funds will cover necessary travel, meal, and accommodation costs. “The MMF is proud of the strength, skill, and determination of our Métis athletes,” said MMF President David Chartrand. “We are committed to our athletes in much the same way they are committed to the ideals of sport and culture. We are honoured to be able to help them realize their ideals.” “It’s unacceptable that the $1.3 million surplus left over from the 2002

re-Elect Marielee nault,
board director, soutHeast reGion

Manitoba NAIG Games has not been used to help our Métis athletes travel and compete in the upcoming Colorado NAIG Games,” explained President Chartrand. “These original goals and spirit of this financial legacy have not been respected. The trustees of the $1.3 million legacy have failed our Métis athletes.” The MMF was an initial partner in the 2002 Manitoba NAIG success. Without MMF involvement or consent, the Manitoba NAIG surplus was then diverted away from the Manitoba Métis Community resulting in no accountability or transparent oversight of the

funds. The Manitoba Aboriginal Sport & Recreation Council (MASRC) became the main beneficiary of the $1.3 million Manitoba NAIG surplus. “The surplus was to help purchase much-needed equipment and to cover travel expenses to the upcoming NAIG Games. This has not happened,” President Chartrand went on to say. “Now our athletes need assistance and the NAIG legacy is nowhere to be seen. The 2002 NAIG Legacy Committee and MASRC have ignored our Métis athletes.” “In light of the absence of benefits from the NAIG legacy, the MMF is pleased to extend our hand to assist our Métis athletes competing in Colorado next month,” President Chartrand said. “Our athletes have worked hard to get to this point and deserve everyone’s support. The MMF will ensure our athletes can pursue their dreams.”

“providing over 13 years of dedicated service to the people”
Marielee nault… Is married to Elmer Nault and they have raised their family in
Woodridge, Manitoba for the past 31 years. Marielee and Elmer are the proud parents of four children, and ten grandchildren. Marielee and Elmer have also opened their home to all children and have been foster parents for the past 17 years. Marielee continues to be committed to supporting and working for the people and will continue to represent the Southeast region with dignity and reverence, ensuring the needs of the people are being addressed. achieVeMents For the peopLe • involved with the neighbourhood watch program • Founding member of the national Metis Women’s movement • Provided assistance & support to local elders with daily living requirements • Facilitated youth drug awareness programs and aids/Hiv workshops for both youth and parents • received provincial commendation on Women’s day for pursuing cross cultural education for rcMP and government employees • Worked with local youth on holding “youth nights” • strong advocate and promoter of our identity as Metis people, our culture and our heritage • strong advocate for foster parents and children’s rights • twelve years of service on the commanding officers ad committee d division of the rcMP • ten year of service on the nine-circles community Health centre • contributions in the “Metis Perspectives and traditional knowledge series” and the Metis national council aids/Hiv workbook. MMF heaLth portFoLio Marielee nault has successfully served her third term as chair of the Health Portfolio. as the provincial representative of Health Marielee has actively pursued working towards better health care and assistance to aid meeting the needs of the people in the community. From participating and presenting at the romanow commission to submitting reports and proposals on Metis specific health issues, Marielee continues to forge ahead with efforts to lobby, advocate and to be where she is needed to move towards a better health care system and the better health of the Metis people. Marielee was instrumental in the establishment of the MMF “Health and Wellness department” and is working with the department and Manitoba Health to adapt health programs and services to better meet the needs of the people. these programs include health promotion, disease prevention, treatment and aftercare. Please contact Marielee with any questions or comments at 429-2312.

MMF to release 100,000 pickerel
To celebrate St-Laurent fish rearing pond opening

O

n Friday June 23rd the Manitoba Métis Federation (MMF), along with the fishing community of St-Laurent, will release 100,000 Pickerel fingerlings into Lake Manitoba from the recently completed StLaurent rearing pond. This event will celebrate the pond’s first season of operation and its first success. The rearing pond was built to provide a safe place for pickerel fry to grow without the heavy losses from predators normally faced in their first few weeks of life in Lake Manitoba. After having spent five weeks in the pond, the pickerel are between one and two inches in length - a size that will greatly increase their chances of survival. Many Manitoba communities rely on the commercial freshwater fishery. The future of the fishers, their families, neighbours, and local businesses depend on a sustainable freshwater fish industry. The rearing pond is one of the fishing initiatives that the MMF has undertaken in recent years. “This rearing pond and pickerel release are a sign of our commitment to develop a sustainable commercial fishery,” said MMF President David Chartrand. “This project took three years to complete. It is proof that with effort and determination, the neces-

sary partnerships can be developed and creative solutions found.” The MMF led a number of partnerships in the development of rearing pond including the Pecheurs St-Laurent Métis Fishers and Manitoba Advanced Education and Training, as well as Manitoba Conservation which provided the pickerel fry for the rearing pond. The MMF will continue to seek out partnerships to further develop the fishing industry. The opening of the rearing pond arose from an initial concept in June 2003 when the MMF led a field trip to Minnesota to visit similar projects first hand in the United States. After extensive planning, construction began in June 2004. Construction of the rearing pond provided heavy equipment operator training certification for students who received valuable practical experience. At 5:00 pm on Friday June 23rd, the MMF will be holding a BBQ at the StLaurent Parish Hall to celebrate the opening of the rearing pond. According to plans, at 6:00 everyone will then move to the rearing pond site for the official opening ceremonies and to watch the Pickerel release. “We are pleased with the result of this initiative with the Métis fishers and their community of St-Laurent,” President Chartrand went on to say. “Together we have taken an important step in protecting the economy of our rural communities and the livelihood of our families.”

6 6June 0, 006

GRASSROOTS NEWS 1

letter

lost boys deserve our support
T
hank you for publishing my last letter in your newspaper May 16, 2006 and for your covering the issues that matter to, not only First Nations but also to all people if we choose to broaden our vision beyond the bank book or the ‘girl next door’ to see that we’re all important and deserve to be ourselves - free and independent. My name is Gord Z. I am a white male and I writing again in support of Warriors of Lost Boys and, actually, all Grassroots issues because I see that First Nations deserve a whole lot better than the shaft the government has been giving you with nothing ever really being done about their crimes against humanity against Aboriginals. Because Aboriginals are just as human as I am and should not be viewed or treated as inferior but as equals, at least - if not superior in a lot of ways that corporate glutton gods would never realize with their eyes focused on their “Divide and Conquer” tactics and intent to assimilate First Nations. These are the facts and if we don’t join to support Warriors of Lost Boys, in whatever way we can, we will all lose. Because without accountability, without truth being spoken, without healing being allowed there can only be anger, pain and suffering. This cannot be tolerated or else young people will have no way, no where to vent, heal and express their legitimate anguish for what has happened to First Nations, other that through gang activity. I would be well beyond the point of frustration myself if I were a young First Nations person too, pushed to the limits. But with a place to heal, share and grow—as The Warriors Of Lost Boys organization are going to set up, there may some day be no need for gangs, prostitutes. Alcoholism, drug abuse, depression, rage or violence. In its place there will be a Center for healthy living, peaceful living, fun living, prosperous living for all Lost Boys and Lost Girls. We need to see that what matters most is what happens in our homes and within ourselves if we are to live in this world and face each other with clear conscience, faith, hope and trust instilled, as I learned from Samuel. This can only be achieved by joining together, peacefully, to battle the corruption in society that will eventually be the downfall of our society if we do not help the Lost Boys get their Organization going so that their can be nation-wide healing for all victims - First Nations FIRST then multi-cultural healing combined with teaching your multi-cultural brothers how to live the way the Creator intended for us. That would be great but the Warriors of Lost Boys need recruits so that their battle for justice, healing and re-growth will result in a NATION-WIDE organization that will ensure a bright future for our youth, resulting in healthy families in happy homes. I would like to give them something in honour of their achievements, courage, stamina and Grassroots Vision. They are merely the words my heart speaks when I try to think of what these boys (and their brothers and sisters in other group foster homes, residential schools, the 60s Scoop and on, up to the present day in more subtle and sly tactics that escape the notice of the unwary eye). Within this email (or right after this if you are reading in the paper) I have attached something I wrote that, to me, describes what I see when I hear of their sad trail of tears and what I feel when I see, in their eyes, the turmoil that lingers within them for what they had to endure at the hands of a corrupt system that denied them rights as children… as human beings! It is a poem called “Against All Odds” and I dedicate to the Warriors of Lost Boys and Lost Girls. (See “Poem on page 22) Samuel has shown me that justice begins one voice. In this particular case it was the voice of Samuel McGillivary’s and his fellow foster brothers. But we can join their voice to be one strong united voice speaking out for truth and justice. Again, I welcome and encourage other cultures to speak out against corruption and the assimilation of First Nations; and speak up for justice, truth and the pursuit of a better way to live on this land—the way the original inhabitants already knew of for thousands of years before my grandparents came here. Sincerely, Gord Zaretzki

The Winnipeg Partnership Agreement (WPA) is looking for Community and Youth members to join the Aboriginal Partnership Committee.

L’Entente de partenariat de Winnipeg (EPW) invite les membres de la collectivité et les jeunes à se joindre au Comité de partenariat autochtone.

16 GRASSROOTS NEWS

June 0, 006 006J

Special chiefS aSSembly held on education

B

etween May 30 and June 2, 2006, the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs held a Chiefs Assembly to address the range of challenges First Nations face in accessing education on and off reserve. The Chiefs’ Assembly was held on the Dakota Tipi First Nation in southern Manitoba. AMC Grand Chief, Ron Evans, said the gathering was a productive meeting where the Chiefs made some good decisions on how the AMC will approach and address the serious issues with education for elementary, junior high, high school and post-secondary students. “The Chiefs-in-Assembly is the most potent decision making force the AMC has,” Grand Ron Evans says. “The Chiefs, as representatives of their people, let the AMC know the concerns of their community and direct the AMC to take action on certain issues and in certain areas.” The Assembly featured a range of presentations by AMC staff and government officials which were meant to inform the Chiefs on the issues in First Nation communities, the actions of federal government departments, and the mandates and strategies of organizations relevant to First Nation issues. In the area of education, a number of presentations outlined the strategies developed by the AMC, the Manitoba First Nation Education Resource Centre and the Assembly of First Nations. “We at the AMC firmly believe that First Nation people should be taking

AMC Grand Chief Ron Evans and Chief of the Dakota Tipi First Nation Cornell Pashe wait to take part in the Grand Entry. care of First Nation people,” Grand Chief Evans says. “Education is a crucial component of today’s world. Our Elders recognized this, so when they signed the Treaties they asked that a school house be built on each reserve. Unfortunately, the Residential School System hijacked the process of voluntary and selective education that was the intent of our Elders. Resolving First Nation education issues will involve action on the local, provincial and national level.” The AMC would like to thank the members of the Dakota Tipi First Nation for their hospitality and hard work. Without the many volunteers and community workers of Dakota Tipi the Chiefs’ Assembly on education would not have been possible.
ondary education institute with a mandate that includes language and cultural training in addition to academic and skill building. Manitoba FiRSt nationS diSability Multi-SectoRal WoRking gRoup teRMS oF ReFeRence and StRategic plan A resolution was passed that would see the multi-sectoral Working group continue to work with the terms of reference and continued partnership approach with the federal and provincial partners in the development of a strategic plan to address the needs of on- and off-reserve persons with disabilities. First NatioN LaNguage strategy iN MaNitoba the chiefs-in-Assembly support the language initiatives being conducted in first nation communities in partnership with mfnerc, including, language immersion and curriculum development. poSt-SecondaRy education Funding gap the Amc is directed to lobby the federal gov-

Some of the volunteers that made the AMC Special Assembly on Education a successful event.
ernment to increase post-secondary education funding to reflect increases in inflation and population. continued SuppoRt FoR the Manitoba FiRSt nationS education ReSouRce centRe the chiefs-in –Assembly confirmed their continued support for mfnerc. however, the resource centre will provide quarterly, bi-annual and annual reports to ensure better communication. indian languageS and cultuReS taSk FoRce RepoRt the chiefs endorsed the recommendations made in the Aboriginal languages and cultures task force report which was completed in June 2005. the Amc is also directed to lobby the canadian minister of heritage to reinstate the remaining $160 million for language initiatives. RevieW oF MFneRc the chiefs-in-Assembly will establish a chiefs review committee that will look in to the services provided by mfnerc and make sure they are being balanced between northern and southern communities. tRilateRal ReSouRce acceSS coMMittee Motion the chiefs moved that the trAc agreement will no longer be in effect in the mkio region. SuppoRt FoR national RailWay blockade the chiefs voted in favour of supporting the roseau river Anishinabe first nations’ oneday railway blockade to be held from June 29th to June 30th, 2006. diStRibution oF gaMing RevenueS the distribution of gaming revenues will be discussed at the Amc’s Annual general Assembly in August 2006. tubeRculoSiS in Manitoba the Amc supports the immediate tb screening for the whole community of the garden hill first nation.

resolutions Passed at the Assembly
Special education Regional ManageMent oRganization the chiefs-in-Assembly voted to expand the manitoba first nations education resource centre’s mandate to allow it to include serving as the regional managing organization for special education and arranging for the training of more first nation education specialists. Manitoba FiRSt nationS education action plan the chiefs passed a resolution creating a Working group to access more educational monies for the manitoba region and develop a working action plan that would take in to consideration the lack of funding for first nation education goals. Manitoba FiRSt nationS poSt-SecondaRy inStitute the chiefs have confirmed their commitment to creating a first nations’ post-sec-

www.manitobachiefs.com

6 6June 0, 006

GRASSROOTS NEWS 1

1 GRASSROOTS NEWS

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aT The Forks JuNe 21, 2006, all day hosted by: Aboriginal languages of manitoba, 989-6392. this celebration will include a sunrise ceremony, parade, children’s activities, pow Wow, square dancing, Aboriginal talent show and fireworks. NaTIoNal aBorIGINal day aT The red rIver ex June 21, 2006. the manito Ahbee Aboriginal day will host a competition pow Wow and musicshowcase. the competition pow Wow will begin at 1:00pm followed by the musical showcase at 8:30. All events take place at the red river exhibition grounds. NaTIoNal aBorIGINal day aT dauPhIN FrIeNdshIP CeNTre June 21, 2006 5:30 pm. 210 first Avenue. dauphin, manitoba. As part of the Agm celebrations will include square dancers and fiddlers. NaTIoNal aBorIGINal day aT rIdING mouNTaIN NaTIoNal Park June 21, 2006, all day. riding mountain national park. events will run all day with school tours with workshops that include dancing, bannock making and pow wow.

NaTIoNal aBorIGINal day IN rIverToN aNd dIsTrICT June 21, 2006, 5 pm. red park, riverton riverton and district friendship centre is hosting an old-fashion picnic with games for kids and live entertainment. NaTIoNal aBorIGINal day aT oak hammoCk marsh INTerPreTIve CeNTre June 21, 2006 10-8 pm. 1 snow goose bay, hwy 220. events will include Aboriginal games, story-telling, bannock baking, canoe rides and teepee talk. NaTIoNal aBorIGINal day aT The mIlleNNIum lIBrary. sPIrIT saTurday: CeleBraTING aBorIGINal CulTure millennium library, donald st., 986-6488. June 24, 2006, starting at 1 pm Join dakota storyteller calvin pompana and hoop dancer george bear for an afternoon of music, stories and traditional dance 1:00 p.m. NaTIoNal aBorIGINal day CeleBraTIoNs aT healTh sCIeNCes CeNTre isabel m stewart. 11:30 am–2pm. Auditoriu,m, 700 mcdermot Ave. Join the celebration of national Aboriginal day! our celebration includes guest speakers, a fabulous speech/luncheon, entertainment and craft table. for more information call rita flett at 7875196.

Joining you in celebrating National Aboriginal Day
1395 Ellice Avenue, Unit 360 Winnipeg, MB tel: (204) 945-0184 fax: (204) 945-1406 www.mcca.mb.ca

National Aboriginal Day
We are a hotel and independent living facility providing accomodations for senior and/or disabled tenants and First Nations medical access

Best wishes to everyone celebrating

The Red River Floodway Expansion Project
More Protection More Opportunities
200-155 Carlton Street Winnipeg, Manitoba R3C 3H8

Peace & Solidarity on National Aboriginal Day!
367 Ellice Avenue (At Carlton St) Winnipeg, Manitoba p: 204.956.0100 f: 204.943.1375

(204) 945-4900 1-866-356-6355 www.floodwayauthority.mb.ca

6 6June 0, 006

GRASSROOTS NEWS 1

Happy National Aboriginal Day From all of us at Grassroots News
Proud to Join the Community in Celebrating National Aboriginal Day
The Manitoba Federal Liberal Caucus joins the thousands of Canadians across the country as they celebrate National Aboriginal Day. Le caucus libéral fédéral du Manitoba se joint à des milliers de Canadiens de partout au pays pour célébrer la Journée nationale des Autochtones.

We welcome all enquiries. To learn more about opportunities at the HSC, visit our website at www.hsc.mb.ca or contact us at 787-3663. 820 Sherbrook Street Winnipeg, Manitoba

the Honourable raymond Simard, Member of Parliament saint boniface

the Honourable tina Keeper, Anita Neville, Member of Parliament Member of Parliament churchill Winnipeg south centre 

0 GRASSROOTS NEWS

June 0, 006 006J

Aboriginal Day
Judy Wasylycia-Leis, MP
Winnipeg north

National

On June 21, Join Me in Enjoying and Celebrating

Constituency office: 573 Mountain Ave. phone: 987-1767 • Fax: 984-1766

Working with… Working for our community

Congratulations on

National Aboriginal Day
From the Board of Directors of Health Sciences Centre Foundation

My greetings to you on
National Aboriginal Day, the day we celebrate together the on-going efforts of all First Nations, Métis and Inuit peoples in preserving the diverse and unique cultures that continue to give so much to Canada. Jon Gerrard
mla river heights

celebrating national aboriginal day june 21, 2006
For employment opportunities at the City of Winnipeg: 984-4636 • 986-3452 – tty www.winnipeg.ca/hr

Meegwetch,Ekose, Wotze,Washtedo

6 6June 0, 006

GRASSROOTS NEWS 1

2006 SPirit oF thE EArth AwArDS rECiPiENtS

anitoba Hydro continues to foster environmental awareness and recognizes the significance of aboriginal people and their culture to the Province of Manitoba. once again this year the spirit of the earth awards will publicly recognize the positive environmental achievements made by aboriginal people or that directly involve aboriginal people. this year the awards will be presented to the winners in thompson on National aboriginal Day, June 21st.

M

1. alex robertson Museum, alonsa, and Percy and Lawrence Houle, ebb & Flow First Nation, for their partnership and collaboration in producing “Wisdom of elders” — a collection of aboriginal stories, local histories and ancient philosophy, including many environmental themes. 2. anthony J. Martin, Millie Flett and Michael bridgfordread, st. John’s High school in Winnipeg, for their aboriginal Cultural sculpture Workshop. this project involved introducing inner city youth to the sculpting techniques using antlers and bones, and to the tradition and spirituality behind the artwork.

this year’s winners include:

aboriginal artist anthony J. Martin; Michael bridgford-read, art teacher at st. John’s High school and Millie Flett, aboriginal cultural advisor, developed and implemented this unique program. 3. Caroline bjorklund, a Dene elder from Churchill, for her volunteer work with guiding and scouting groups in helping them to obtain their aboriginal awareness badge; and for sharing her culture with school children and other members of the community through traditional Dene crafts, clothing and tools. 4. Myrtle DeMeulles, a Metis artist from Churchill, for reviving the art form of tufting in which caribou hair is used to sculpt various works of art. Myrtle is also a tireless volunteer with the Churchill Metis Local, where her efforts have included initiating the Community Children’s Christmas party to ensure all children receive a gift. 5. brokenhead ojibway Nation for establishing the brokenhead Wetland ecological reserve for the protection of many species of rare and uncommon plants including 28 of Manitoba’s 36 native orchid species, including the rare ram’s

head lady’s slipper. 6. Mushing Wapusk adventures & blue sky expeditions, Churchill, for their Dogsledding eco-tourism business. this project promotes responsible, sustainable and environmentally-sound tourism in rural communities, while showcasing aboriginal culture. 7. MacDonald youth services, thompson, for their Wilderness program. this award recognizes the volunteer efforts of youth who have worked on such projects as Deerwood Park clean up in thompson. their involvements in environmental and traditional learning projects have benefited these participants, and the community as a whole. 8. aboriginal education Division of red river College, for their Medicine Wheel garden. the project involves the use of land, which had originally been a garbage site, to create an environment for aboriginal traditional teachings, mediation and relaxation. 9. Wapanohk Community school in thompson for their Land based education, Winter Festival and transition Class. incorporated in the school curriculum and as special annual

events, these initiatives have encouraged students to be proud of and respect their environment, culture, community, and family. 10. Wellington school of Winnipeg, for Project Mother earth. this initiative involves a grade 6 gardening Club, and comprises a boreal forest outdoor classroom, “welcome gardens” consisting of boreal tress and plants, as well as parkland trees and plants – many of which are used in traditional medicines, and food preparations, and decorative arts. 11. Joe a. ross school, the Pas, for their outdoor education program. this program introduces students to a broad range of skills to survive in northern outdoors, as well as traditional customs and skills that First Nation people used to maintain a healthy lifestyle. 12. our youth award this year goes to r. D. Parker youth aboriginal Council of thompson, for their annual youth aboriginal Conference. this Council, which has been active for the past seven years, holds events in the school and community to promote aboriginal awareness; including the annual youth aboriginal Conference, which focuses on youth empowerment, leadership, and environment sustainability.

Best Wishes
to all our First Nations Friends on National Aboriginal Day

Springhill Lumber wholesale Ltd.
1820 DeVries Avenue
Winnipeg, Manitoba R2G 3S8 ph: 204-661-1055 fax: 204-668-4511 

GRASSROOTS NEWS

June 0, 006 006J

poem
Against all odds!
dedicated to the lost boys of manitoba only my enemies know of. though the uncertainty of what lay ahead should disturb me, it doesn’t. i have faith that i will prevail as in the past. for the impossible dream has shown me how to look from my heart from the past to the present day and well into the future. i will take what i have gained and forget about what i have lost. As a leader in war with the power of kindness, forgiveness and the focus for healing, i will press on. i have tasted victory. i have suffered loss. i will wake to fight another day and turn to myself - and my creator - when the need for us calls again. i will rise and sacrifice what i must for i am a fighter for justice and a lover of goodness, wishing health and happiness for all, but i can only do one at a time. i am a survivor of greed and corruptive intent and a caregiver to those who have been lost since childhood, but again, i can yet only do one at a time. i try to juggle and do the best i can with both directions i must face and find it difficult to the point of impossibility. these are the odds against me. these are the battles from within and without i must face. but i will face them and i will prevail..... Against all odds! in honour of Warriors of lost boys c.A.s. (group foster home survivors), by gord zaretzki i have overturned incomprehensible and insurmountable adversities. i have conquered my own worst enemy— myself. i have seen through falsehood, deceptions and lies. i have risen above the fear of fear and felt the glory of triumph when all seemed hopeless. i fought on when others surrendered. i died and came back to life as a child, once lost, to once again build new dreams and follow new hopes. i have survived corrupt systematic sorcery and treachery to become an apprentice of the creator.

i have taken no sides yet have befriended all - even those who would oppose me. in spite of spite itself i humbled myself to be appointed as the overseer of eagles. though my rage and passionate vision have acted as poisons at times to make me unbalanced and vengeful, i have stepped back to reevaluate the lessons learned and turned to travel in a different direction. Where my feet will go only my heart knows. but if you could follow my path you would find it vanishes at various points of enlightenment. my journey is to find a place for me and you, what will be our home. in my heart i yearn for it. in my mind it is rising into focus as i see with the eyes of many eagles and dream with the heart of a lion; for your touch has altered my course as i plot through un-chartered territory. What awaits me

www.grassrootsnews.mb.ca

Best wishes to everyone celebrating National Aboriginal Day, June 21, 2006
From the Board & Staff of the Aboriginal Community Futures Development Corporations

Cedar Lake Community Futures Development Corporation #1 st. Gordard street., Box 569, the pas, manitoba r9A 1K6 • tel (204) 627-5450 Fax (204) 627-5460

Dakota ojibway Community Futures Development Corporation 4820 portage Avenue, headingley, manitoba r4h 1c8 tel (204) 988-5373 • Fax (204) 988-5365 email info@docfdc.mb.ca

North Central Development p.o. Box 1208, 3 station road thompson, manitoba r8n 1p1 tel (204) 677-1490 • Fax (204) 778-5672 toll Free 1-888-847-7878 email ncd@northcentraldevelopment.ca

southeast Community Futures Development Corporation head office: scanterbury, mB r0e 1w0 winnipeg office: 200 - 208 edmonton st. winnipeg, manitoba r3c 1r7 tel (204) 943-1656 • Fax (204) 943-1735 email scfdc@mts.net

Northwest Manitoba Community Futures Development Corporation Box 188, lynn lake, manitoba r0B 0w0 tel (204) 356-2489 • Fax (204) 356-2785 toll Free 1-888-696-2332 email northwestcfdc@northwest-cfcd.ca

Kitayan Community Futures Development Corporation Inc. 345 - 260 st. mary Avenue, winnipeg, manitoba r3c 0m6 tel (204) 982-2170 • Fax (204) 943-3412 email kcfdc@kitayan.ca

6 6June 0, 006

GRASSROOTS NEWS 

secret documents found in OPP cruiser
kaheNTINeTha horN

MNN MoHaWk NatioNs NeWs WWW.MoHaWkNatioNNeWs.CoM

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our clowns are really putting on a show, aren’t they? Friday June 9th was a bad day for the “Keystone Cops” of the Ontario Provincial Police OPP and the US Border Patrol. All our suspicions have been confirmed. Ontario’s representatives are sell outs to the Americans and they’ve been dealing with us in bad faith. So what else is new? Dalty, your henchmen were caught red handed. They were trying to cook up a storm and got caught in their own tornado. What goes around comes around. We now have hard evidence proving that you and your guys have been collaborating with the enemy from the beginning of our reclamation of our land. The US is currently barricading the imaginary colonial international border. They routinely treat Canadians as if they’re all suspected terrorists. This doesn’t seem to bother you. It’s probably because the OPP has already sold out to the U.S. Why was the US Border Patrol policing the boundary of the Six Nations? That’s because the American “gonzos” think they already own Canada. They’re conducting surveillance on us because they see the Six Nations boundary as the “last frontier”. Canada is already under their control. We’re the last holdouts. That’s why they’re after us. We always suspected the OPP was collaborating with Canada’s enemies. Now we know for sure. Ever the allies of the Canadian people, our guys at Six Nations caught the OPP in their betrayal. Instead of thanking us for saving your necks, the OPP issued “arrest warrants”. As an institution that is supposed to protect the Canadian people, they proved they are totally corrupt. Ontario was supposed to ensure that the law is upheld and that the Six Nations land reclamation is dealt with peacefully. We found out on Friday the OPP have been trying to provoke violence right from the start. Ontario and Canada do not want to work co-operatively with us. As you said, you’ve been treating us as “antagonists”. Antagonists!! And we haven’t done one goddamn thing wrong! This proves you never dealt with us in good faith. You labeled us and were out to get us from day one. The OPP are going to have to wear their riot gear and flak jackets full time from now on. Welcome to the Nazification of Ontario. They don’t have to worry about us. It’s the internal OPP gang warfare and the revenge from their American gangster buddies that should scare them. Those guys believe in using violence to solve things. Their biggest fear is the truth, which is

coming out now. The truth is our best weapon. Transparency is our credo. We believe in open, honest and fair relationships. Your OPP are trying to recover copies of classified documents containing the identities of your undercover officers and operational details concerning our reclamation. Too late! Everybody and his uncle probably has a copy by now. You even purport that we “stole” secret documents from these spies and traitors, even though we turned them over to you, along with all the contents of your trespassing vehicle. This was being driven with reckless disregard for the lives and safety of the People at the site. The documents that prove the dishonesty of your dealings were in the U.S. Border Patrol SUV with the two U.S. ATF agents and an OPP officer. Now the whole world knows about your treachery, not just us. Many know the names of all OPP officers and U.S. agents who have been skulking around Six Nations, their home phone numbers, and many details of their surveillance operations. Also seen was information from confidential informants dating back to the beginning of the standoff. On the other hand, the OPP could be “black jacketing” our people. Dalty, you didn’t put my name on that list, did you? This is what the U.S. did in the 1970’s in their operation known as COINTELPRO [counter intelligence program]. You might have been trying to start a war of natives against natives. All the natives on the list should be given a chance to speak to our people. We must not fall into that trap, if indeed that is what it is. In the end the public should at least have an opportunity to question you and maybe even believe or doubt your own agents’ veracity. One of our people gave the documents to the Hamilton Spectator who also made their own copies. Yesterday, your OPP cried and appealed to them to immediately return the copied documents. This is real news but the corporate media probably won’t publish it. “That information is very important and we need to get it back”. We are sure someone will give you copy if you don’t have one yourself. They’re all over the place. It’s an ill wind that doesn’t blow anyone any good. “I can’t stress that enough,” said your OPP Acting Detective Staff Sergeant Anthony Renton. Yeah! It’s like being caught with your pants down with the neighbor’s wife. Your big affair with the Americans is now public knowledge. You really are the Keystone Cops. The OPP officer said the information in the documents “is very sensitive law enforcement information that places people at risk as police officers.”

Ontario Premier Dalton McGuinty has fudged negotiations with Six Nations. They’re at risk alright because they’ve been found out to be traitors and enemies to democratic governance, the most basic principles of law and order. Well, it’s going out to the Canadian public. We’ll let them decide your fate. Fortunately for you, most decent people don’t support the skullduggery you promote. Well, it sure makes good reading. You’re killing us with laughter. Maybe someone will make a comedy movie out of this. Dalty, you’ll be famous, just like Inspector Clouseau! Renton would not discuss the documents’ impact on officer safety, operations or talks to end the standoff. The danger is from Canadians who are probably screaming mad or laughing at you. We’ve been saying all along, Canadians, awake! News that the confidential information had fallen into our brown native hands sent shock waves through the OPP union yesterday. They’ve recently criticized OPP leaders for compromising the safety of their frontline officers, who are constantly being attacked by their Caledonia set-up “rioters”. This must be role playing. No one on our side has ever attacked the OPP. The revealed documents should put to rest the fears of straight police officers. The violence was probably all concocted by the OPP. “I’m speechless,” said Karl Walsh, president of the Ontario Provincial Police Association. He’s now waiting for somebody higher up their chain of command, Dalty, to tell him what to say. Trying to backpedal now, OPP officials are trying to get everyone to believe that the ATF and U.S. Border Patrol are here to learn from them! Dream on! You know damn well you called in the Wackos from Waco yourself. They’re learning to trip over them-

selves. You just let them run right over you. They’re here to spy and smear our reputation. They even tried to make the Canadian public think we’re terrorists and tried to tie us in with other so-called terrorists. But the terrorists are you and your American cohorts. It all has to do with the “new world order” and they’re trying to make all of us come under one law which is being done through force. Just like those smart cards you want us to carry that has all our personal information on it. You want to help set us up so we can’t make a transaction without the marks of the “beast” on it. Don’t you remember Hogan’s Heroes, with all the checkpoints, “Vhere is your papers?” as they point the machine guns at your head! The SUV was first spotted on Argyle Street in Caledonia with someone leaning way out of the vehicle taking photos of the natives’ barricades. Then sped off when protesters approached them. Natives followed the vehicle and an altercation occurred when it slowed down. One of its occupants jumped out and hurt himself. Or was he thrown out? This is what you called “attempted murder”! It’s really attempted suicide! He’s getting despondent because he can’t get into a damn good knock ‘em down, drag ‘em out bust up with us. He needs a time machine so he can go back to the “Lone Star” Hollywood movie set. “One of our men, we understand, then jumped into the vehicle and drove it back onto the site. It was full of sophisticated radio and high tech equipment and a bunch of documents”. After an investigation by our security, we immediately returned the SUV to the OPP. Several hours later the pho-

See “Six nationS” on page 24 

GRASSROOTS NEWS

June 0, 006 006J

little toe tappers have lots to offer
By kevIN masoN

Y

vette and Sterling Ranville are justifiably proud of their Metis youth square dancing group the “Little Toe Tappers”. Yvette noted that she has been involved with the group for the past six years and has seen a great deal of development and improvement with the young dancers over that time. The group itself is made up of eight youngsters with two of them being spares. “They are all Metis youth from Winnipeg,” said Ranville who noted that even three of her own grandchildren are part of the group. Along with the weekly practice held on Selkirk Avenue the group also has a number of performances throughout the year. Ranville pointed out that in June alone they will have eight performances and that number goes up throughout the summer months. We tend to slow down a little with the performances over the winter months, but there are still opportunities for the youngsters to show their stuff. Yvette said that she started to teach square dancing more than six years ago because she felt that the square dancing culture even among the adults was dieing out. I wanted to do something that would keep this important part of Metis culture alive and when Ed Ducharme and the “Big Heart” program, which was run out of the Winnipeg Regional Office, gave me the opportunity to teach I took them up on it. She noted that when she began to teach it was really hard to attract boys to the program. It was from this teaching experience that she formed the Toe Tappers and has never really looked back. “We got the group together and we keep it together by making their time with us fun. We joke and play with the young-

sters doing our best to make sure that even the practices are fun for the kids,” said Ranville. Part of the fun is the travelling the group does to get to their performances. Yvette points out that they have travelled the west and into Ontario. For the most part the group has remained the same throughout the last six years, However there recently was one change. Members of the Little Toe Tappers include Michael Zebrasky, Heather Moar, Matthew Lavallee, Phoenix Zebrasky, Danny Lavallee, Savanna Zebrasky, Dominique Moar and Victoria Sinclair. Up until recently Tony Lindo was also a member of the group. Yvette points out that square dancing is a positive activity for a number of reasons. The first is that it is a healthy activity and promotes an active lifestyle. Square Dancing also helps to teach the youth about the Metis culture. As the group has gotten better and grown up over the years, the Ranville’s have introduced more challenging routines to help keep the kids interested and the performance fresh. “I have seen the kids grow and develop over the last six years and it really is satisfying to see them learn new routines,” she said. One of the by products of the success of the group is that there have been a number of people who have gone to Yvette and asked that she teach either their children or themselves how to square dance. That goes to prove there is an interest in square dancing we just have to develop it more, she said. Along with the Toe Tappers Yvette is teaching square dancing to 4 and 5 year olds in St. Laurent as part of the Head Start program. She is also involved with the St. Ambroise Youth Steppers and in September she has committed herself to us, Dalty? Unless it’s bought and paid for by the state. Now we know they were not from Caledonia as the OPP have been saying, they were actually brought in as paid provocateurs. Just as we have been reporting all along. Unlike the corporate media! They did have one interview with a Caledonia resident though. She complained the standoff frightened her children. The officer wrote: “Her kids are on the school bus and they were told to do up the windows.” It proves that we’re not a danger to the public. It’s them. Another media spin on how horrified the kids are, not of us, but of them. Who wouldn’t be with thousands of gun toting maniacs walking the streets of Caledonia. The bus didn’t go through Six Nations. It only went through Caledonia. They’re scaring their own kids! Kahentinetha Horn, MNN Mohawk Nations News www.mohawknationnews.com

Young dancers showcase Métis traditions. teach in Lundar. Yvette said that she has tried to get something going in Winnipeg to teach youth and adults square dancing but has been told there is no funding for that kind of program. Ranville said she is sorry to have to turn people away but their has to be some kind of money available to pay for her time and a site to teach in. If there was some kind of funding that was available then I would be very happy to organize lessons in Winnipeg, she said. Along with the Little Toe Tappers there is also the Winnipeg Toe Tappers an adult version of the youth group. This group has been going for about five years, but unlike the youth group the adults seem to change members more

frequently. One of the nice things about the two groups is that they are well known. Performing together, it is nice to see the interaction of the adults and youths as they work their way through their routine. When you take in the adult group there are three generations represented in the two groups. The first is Yvette, her daughter and grandchildren all are involved. Yvette noted that when she gets to old to continue teaching square dancing and leading the Little Toe Tappers she has got a commitment from her family to carry on this work and make sure this part of Metis culture stays alive and strong.

Six nations • from page 23
tocopied documents were returned to their native liaison officers. Soon, we imagine, it will be all over the internet for everyone to see. That’s the way it should be in a true democracy. The intelligence officer’s log includes details of an OPP operation post being set up in the Hamilton area. As if we didn’t know about that already. We knew the army was there right on Lake Erie. Our guys spotted the army last Thursday, the day before the incident with the ATF guys. Yeah! We were set up. We’ve got the proof now. A lot of people have a list of checks into the background of natives and Caledonia residents. We have information from the Canadian Security and Intelligence Service (CSIS) that “white supremacist skinheads” were being brought into Caledonia which they say “did not materialize.” Even the skinheads don’t want to fight us. How can anyone hate

6 6June 0, 006

GRASSROOTS NEWS 

the saga of Norma Jean Croy
W
hen we got to Grandma’s, Norma Jean, Hooty and Darrell fled into the hills. The other two, Carol and 17-year-old Jasper (who had been asleep until arrival at Grandma’s) attempted to turn themselves in to the police. The police responded by beating Jasper and handcuffing him and Carol in the line of fire. Fifteen squad cars and 27 officers came to the scene. The police had military style semi-automatic weapons: M16s, AR-15s, “riot shotguns”, and .357 magnum pistols, shooting at “ANYTHING that moved”. The Indians had one .22 caliber rifle and a handful of bullets. Memories of Captain Jack and the Modoc Nation standoff against the US Cavalry whispered in the air. Norma Jean, Hooty and Darrell continued to try and find cover in the sagebrush. Norma Jean got hit first, shot in the back. An officer was hit in the hand. Trying to surrender, Darrell was shot in the groin. During a de facto cease-fire, Hooty approached the cabin to check on his Grandmother and Aunt. There was a death. Yreka police officer Bo Hittson, who had been drinking prior to arriving on the scene saw Hooty attempting to get into the window of the cabin. One bullet hit Hooty in the lower butt and traveled down his leg, where it remains to this day. The other bullet entered through the back of his upper arm, bursting out the front. Hooty turned and shot-- one bullet from the .22 which hit the officer in the heart. The officer died instantly. Hooty crawled to some storage shacks by the cabin, seeking shelter. Several police officers opened fire with semi-automatic weapons. Twice they spewed the bullets into the area where Hooty lay bleeding. By some miracle, Hooty survived. By dawn the dust cleared. The police had fired an excess of 200 rounds into the area. Only 6 .22 shots had been fired by the Indians. Hospitals...Jail time...Trials. Penitentiaries. Jasper (a juvenile who ended up in adult court), got six years. Carol Thom was turned over to the California Youth Authority and separated from her baby daughter for 3 years. Darrell got 6 years. Norma Jean got life. Hooty got the death penalty. That was a long time ago. Today, all the Indians except for Norma Jean are out of prison. Hooty, in 1985, was granted a new trial by the California Supreme Court, and was found NOT GUILTY by reason of self-defense in May of 1990. With no release date, Norma Jean has been in prison for 12 years. [pg: at the time this was written. It’s 17 years now.] A victim of gross miscarriage of justice, Norma Jean, unarmed in the racially-charged encounter, is still behind bars. Here’s what Hooty’s (second) trial judge said: “I think that when Norma Jean comes up for a parole hearing again, that the board should take into consideration the fact that this court, at least, believes Norma Jean Croy would have been found Not Guilty… I want the record to be clear that this is my judgement, my opinion, having heard the evidence in this case.”—Judge Edward Stern, Hooty’s trial judge, San Francisco, May, 1990 But when Norma Jean went before her parole board, they refused to consider the evidence which had come out at the new trial, or the trial judge’s opinion. She was given no release date then, told to return in several years for another hearing. She was denied release date in 1992, 1993, 1994. Should have another hearing in 1995, but her

attorney believes prison crowding will delay it till Spring, 1996. Also believes no release will be set then. See DEFENSE COMMITTEE NEWS page. Norma Jean and Hooty were both convicted in Placer County by an all-white jury of first degree murder, conspiracy to commit murder, attempted murder, assault on officers, and robbery in August of 1979. Norma Jean was sentenced to life, on some of the charges, long terms on others. Hooty received the death penalty. Their appeals went to different courts with different results. Hooty was granted a new trial at the end of 1985, Norma Jean’s convictions were affirmed by a lower appeals court. Hooty’s change of venue was considered a landmark case; Norma Jean’s venue change was denied. At Hooty’s second trial, he was found not guilty of all charges: murder, attempted murder and robbery. Norma Jean Croy was finally released in 1997 after serving 18 years in jail. 

6 GRASSROOTS NEWS
Brandon • continued from page 6

June 0, 006 006J

mmF CaleNdar oF eleCTIoN eveNTs
June 18, 2006 • vice president & board of directors debate. hosted by conseil elzear goulet and liberty local. 7:00 p.m. st. boniface college, room 0133 June 19, 2006 • portage la prairie forum. hosted by the portage la prairie local. 7:00 p.m., location tbA ADVANCE POLL DAY 8 a.m. to 2 pm. June 21, 2006 • national Aboriginal day mmf celebrations – selkirk, mb June 22, 2006 • marchand forum. hosted by the marchand local. 7:00 p.m., marchand community club June 23, 2006 • Andrew carriere fundraising social. norwood legion. 134 marion st., 8 p.m. to 1 a.m.

June 25, 2006 • grand marais forum. hosted by the grand marais local, June 20, 2006 • lac du bonnet forum 7:00 p.m., grand marais rec. centre • hosted by the lac du bonnet local. 7:00 p.m. pioneer club June 29, 2006 • ELECTION DAY. 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. ADVANCE POLL DAY 3 p.m. to 9 p.m.

Chartrand to Dumont: “Talk is cheap.” ohanly p.o., manitoba roe 1k0 • phone 204-367-4411 • fax 204 367-2000 are treated equally and with respect. The heart and soul of the MMF is in our locals.” “We’ve proven that together we stand stronger and speak with a louder voice.” An elder from St. Lazarre, who did not wish his name to be used, noted, that of the two presidential candidates only Chartrand focused on the future advances possible under his leadership. “With all respect to Mr. Dumont’s past, the Métis need a leader to take us into the future who has a path to follow that is working. We are unified at the grassroots but only Mr, Dumont and those who want personal advantage talk about disunity. “That is not what the people talk about when we gather together. It is about our rights and what is to become of our elders and youth. For some reason Yvon isn’t listening to the people but just to some negative ideas from people who will make us weaker as a nation instead of stronger. It doesn’t make sense at all.”

Congratulations to Black River FN graduates…
black river post-secondary Graduates
Tina Gillanders Geoff Carriere Farley Bird Nadine Abraham Kimberly Bird Allison Abraham Lawrence Bird Bill Bird U of NBC Lethbridge CC U of M U of M U of M RRC RRC BU FN Studies Bus. Mgmt. BSW BSW BSW Med. Lab. Tech. Trucking BGS, BEd

se college high school Graduates
Beverly Bird Christine Mann Clayton Marsch Jessica Bird Tiffany Abraham

black river First nation empower Graduates
Mitchell Harry Andrew Bird Michael Black

…From Chief, Council and members of Black River First Nation

tec Voc Graduate

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6 6June 0, 006

GRASSROOTS NEWS 

comment

Canada’s failure continues to plague first nations
coon come • from page 11
from proposed mining and hydro-electric mega-developments in their lands continued. Are we the only ones who can see that these policies and actions, this deliberate dispossession, are the root causes of the human catastrophe facing our peoples? Are we the only ones who weren’t surprised when the images of gas-sniffing Innu kids reappeared after eight years? The root causes of this Canadian human catastrophe are not acts of God. They are the result of deliberate policies, laws, practices and actions of governments, and of courts, and of ordinary women and men. Canada is a G8 country, one of the richest, biggest, resource-rich and most capable countries in the world. It has the capacity to respond to this catastrophe affecting hundreds of thousands of our people – our grandparents, our sisters and brothers, our cousins, our parents and children. The action of the U.S. government in Brown v. Board of Education shows that when a government wishes to do so, it can act to uphold fundamental human rights, and take effective steps to ensure that those who wish to exercise them are protected against violent mobs. I realize that what I have been doing here is sometimes called “governmentbashing” – federal-government bashing, and provincial-government bashing, and municipal-government bashing. All of these levels of Canadian government have systematically built the conditions that have dispossessed our people through extinguishment of our rights. But I intend to take a new path. As a First Nations leader, I wish to record that responsibility for the continuance of this harmful status quo now partly lies with us. The poverty and dispossession among our peoples was brought about by government. But if that poverty and dispossession is allowed to continue, the fault will also be ours. Three issues must be considered. They will ultimately determine the survival of our Nations and Peoples. First, in Ottawa’s policy of the narrowing and extinguishment of our Aboriginal and treaty rights, it has been necessary since 1982 for the federal government to appear to be obtaining our consent. The AFN is constituted as an umbrella organization with a national chief who is, to a significant extent, a figurehead. This historic power imbalance between Aboriginal peoples and the Crown will only change if we think differently about our national organization. Is it just an umbrella, or do we want it to be something more, something capable of asserting and defending our fundamental rights? Second, what exactly is our approach to our fundamental rights? Are these rights just things that we can legitimately limit; or agree with the Crown – as it is now proposing – never to exercise them again; or just trade or sign them away? The United Nations has repeatedly advised Canada that its Aboriginal policies are not consistent with Canada’s obligations under international human-rights covenants. The UN has asked Canada to ensure that First Nations have an adequate resource base to support our own means of subsistence and to provide for our self-sufficiency. It has also warned that extinguishment or conversion of our Aboriginal rights is a violation of international law. First Nations leadership must engage in frank discussion about our fundamental rights. We must engage in the painful and coura-

geous task of establishing national policies and strategies that draw a clear First Nations line in the sand, beyond which we will never go. Third, how much do we First Nations leaders believe in this struggle? Would we still conduct it if it meant great sacrifices for each of us? Almost all of our First Nations leaders represent their peoples’ status, rights and aspirations with courage and integrity, and I am moved by – and proud to work with – our First Nations leadership. But in a few situations, some of our First Nations leaders are more willing to exchange or surrender fundamental rights for shortterm returns. Mostly, these short-term gains are high on the federal extinguishment agenda. In these circumstances, do we comfort ourselves that every First Nation has the right of self-determination and we cannot question its choice? I believe we must now question this approach. If we don’t, the connection between our First Nations peoples and their Aboriginal and treaty rights will only be as strong as the weakest link in the chain. These are important questions. And the survival of our peoples depends on the answers.

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Outdoor Slides 12 am – 4pm Canada Cake 4pm – 5 pm Kids Games 12am – 4pm Tae Kwon Do Demo 1:30pm

Kids Scramble 3pm Face Painting 12am – 4pm BBq 12am – 4pm Bingo 20/40 Payout 1pm – 4pm

Dunk Tank 12am – 4pm Ticket Sales 12am – finish Ticket Prices Drinks, Hot Dogs, Rides, Games 25¢ 

GRASSROOTS NEWS

West reGion chiLd & FaMiLy serVices inc.
invites applications for the position of

June 0, 006 006J

treatMent support serVices WorKer ebb & FLoW First nation
reporting to the children with special needs/treatment Manager, the treatment support services Worker will be responsible to provide treatment support services to the following target groups: children at risk of coming into the agency’s care primarily due to parental behavior, children at risk due to their own behavior, the parents/ caregivers of the above groups and limited crisis response services as required. the treatment support services worker will work as part of a multi-disciplinary team in delivering services and will establish good working relationships with various community programs and services. duties include n Provide treatment support services for high risk families and children in the care of the agency n Provide individual counseling and support services n Provide family counseling and support services n Facilitates treatment and support groups for adolescent victims of sexual abuse, groups for past victims of sexual abuse, men’s treatment groups etc. n Facilitates parents’ group/instruction related to treatment services n deliver workshops/seminars as required related to treatment services Qualifications n bsW or degree in related field with 2 years of direct experience or equivalent combination of training and work experience n a minimum of one year demonstrated counseling experience working with children and families n demonstrated knowledge and understanding working with children with special needs, Fasd & adHd n knowledge of the needs of aboriginal children and their families n Must have excellent written and verbal communication skills n ability to speak ojibway will be considered an asset n Must have demonstrated knowledge and appreciation of the ojibway culture and the aspirations of First nations n Must have knowledge and experience with computerized programs i.e. Microsoft office all applicants must be willing to submit to a criminal record check, prior contact check and child abuse registry check. a valid driver’s license and access to means of transportation for work is a condition of employment. travel is required. salary: commensurate with experience/training and according to Provincial Pay scale. deadline for applications: Friday, june 30, 2006 please submit resumes to: rose Mcivor-Girouard, director of regional Programs West region child and Family services, inc. box 280 erickson, Mb r0J 0P0 Fax: (204) 636-6158 We thank all applicants for their interest; however only those selected for an interview will be contacted.

Plains Indian Corn Dance.

6 6June 0, 006

GRASSROOTS NEWS 

dene teen takes her game to next level

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By kevIN masoN

ixteen year old Tara Dantouze knows what she wants and is not afraid of working hard to make those goals come true. For the last eight years Tara has been playing hockey and working hard at improving her skills. “I started playing hockey as opposed to ringette just because it was available and I was able to join. Hockey was very popular where I lived and ringette wasn’t. To be honest I didn’t even know what ringette was until I moved to the city (Sudbury),” said Tara. The winter season and team is a huge commitment of time as her season runs from August through to April. This past year she played for the Midget AA Sudbury Lady Wolves. Along with the regular winter team Tara has also advanced to the point where she plays elite hockey. She explained that she got involved with the elite league when the team’s coach called her and asked her to play on the regional select team. “After experiencing the high tempo of competition and play I was hooked,” said Tara. “Ultimately, I would like to play for the Canadian Women’s hockey team and represent Canada on the ice,” she said. The other goal I have set for myself is to attend University on a hockey scholarship. Education is important to Tara and her hockey skills can be used a means to attend a university. Maybe the easiest of her goals she has set for herself is to just excel at the game she loves and be the best person she can be, both on and off the ice. As well as her on-ice training and practicing Tara has an off ice regime that she likes to keep up. During the summer when she is not on the ice, she basically spends two hours a day in the gym with a basic work out including cardio, muscular and flex-

ibility being the key components she likes to work on. In addition to her gym time she also takes part in fun activities that are also designed to keep her in shape. “I like to cycle, inline skate, swim and play tennis,” said Tara as they are all activities that promote physical fitness. For most players time in the gym is a necessity that they do but really do not enjoy it very much. For Tara she notes that she likes the off ice training. “If I didn’t enjoy it, I wouldn’t be doing it. There is no way I would spend two hours in a gym every day if I did not enjoy what I was doing,” she said. Currently living in Ontario it really isn’t much of a surprise to find out that the Toronto Maple Leafs is her team of choice in the NHL. What is a bit more of a surprise is that her favourite player isn’t Mat Sundin or one of his team mates. “My favourite player is Sergei Samsonov of the Edmonton Oilers.” “She go on to explain, that “he is just so smooth on his skates,” which is definitely this young player admires. As for role models Tara said that her greatest role model is her mother. She notes that her mom is able to give her inspiration, hope and courage as well as believing in what Tara is trying to accomplish with her hockey. Her support means very much to me, said Tara. When asked what advice she would like to give other youth in pursuing their dreams no matter what they are she quoted T.S. Eliot, “only those who will risk going to far can possibly find out how far one can go.” She also added some words of her own. Tara noted that hard work will bring you success in life. Success will also bring you something people spend their whole lives looking for, because, you will find the ever elusive victory within.

Tara Dantouze is working hard to turn her hockey career into a university education and hopefully some time on the Canadian National Team. 

0 GRASSROOTS NEWS

June 0, 006 006J

UCN Nursing grads finding jobs–in the north
26 of 34 recent graduates find employment in north

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raduates of the University College of the North’s Bachelor of Nursing program are finding jobs – most of them in northern Manitoba. Recently, UCN gathered information on the employment rates of all nursing graduates from 2002 to 2004. Of the 34 graduates, four were employed in southern Manitoba or out-of-province, the employment status of four others was unknown, and

the remainder of the graduates were employed in communities throughout northern Manitoba. The Bachelor of Nursing Degree program is a joint program whereby nursing students are registered with both the University of Manitoba and the University College of the North. Students can complete all four years of the BN program at UCN. Employment locations of UCN Nursing graduates as of November, 2004 Cross Lake 2, Oxford House 1, The Pas 7, Thompson 8, Gillam 1, Nelson House 3, Flin Flon 1, Norway House 2, Churchill 1, South/Out-of-Province 4 and unknown 4.The total is 34.

Rob Penner, Dean of Health at the University College of the North, felt the survey validates numerous studies which show that nurses educated and trained in rural and northern areas tend to be employed in rural and northern areas. “UCN has a positive and solid history of educating nurses to fill northern nursing vacancies,” said Penner. He added that UCN current-

ly has over 140 students enrolled in the four-year program, with at least 50 percent self declaring Aboriginal status. This year, UCN will produce the largest class in the history of the Nursing program as 32 graduates will convocate.

West reGion chiLd & FaMiLy serVices inc.
invites applications for the position of

cFs/prs WorKer o-chi-chaK-Ko-sipi
reporting to the community based team supervisor, the worker will be responsible to work as part of a team in delivering a full range of child and family services utilizing a community based model of service delivery, with emphasis on prevention and resource services as a frontline approach. duties include n Provision of a full range of statutory child welfare services n development and follow up of case plans n Provision of individual and family counselling n establishment of good working relationships with other community services and resources n Facilitating treatment and support groups at the community level n Provision of frontline voluntary child and family services, including intake and referral n Planning, developing and implementation of community based prevention programs as related to child and family service needs of the community n responsible for prevention programs budgets and reporting systems n Provision of support services to children in care n Facilitating groups, teaching parenting skills, establishing a close working relationship with other related services Qualifications n bsW degree with at least two years related experience preferably in First nations child & Family services. an equivalent combination of training and experience may be considered. n Must have a commitment to First nations child & Family services, community based planning and service delivery. n Must have demonstrated knowledge and appreciation of the ojibway culture and the aspirations of First nations. n the ability to speak ojibway will be considered a definite asset. n Must have demonstrated ability to work as part of a team and within a multi-disciplinary approach. n Must have computer training and/or knowledge of Microsoft office. all applicants must be willing to submit to a criminal record check, prior contact check and child abuse registry check. travel is required. a valid driver’s license and access to own means of transportation for work is a condition of employment. Must be willing to relocate to the West region tribal area. SAlAry: commensurate with experience and training and according to Provincial pay scale Deadline for Applications: Friday, June 30, 2006 Please submit resumes to: Ms. Joanne tanner – Moar, community based team supervisor West region child & Family services, inc. box 280 erickson, Manitoba r0J 0P0 Fax: (204) 636-6158 We thank all applicants for their interest; however only those selected for an interview will be contacted.

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6 6June 0, 006

GRASSROOTS NEWS 1

in memoriam

dianne Marie Govereau (Nee Fleury)
JuNe 22, 1952–may 13, 2006

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ragically on May 13, 2006, along with spouse Allen Flett of 20 years, Dianne Marie Govereau went to be with Mama and Daddy. She leaves to mourn beloved children Milton of Winnipeg; Blaine (Verna) of Winnipeg; Ashley (Robin) of Ebb & Flow; Kimberly (Sonny) of Ebb & Flow; Grandchildren Dominique, Devon, Jennifer, Janine, Alex, Amy, Ashton, Anthony, James, Baby Son-

ny; Stepgranddaughter Lesley Dawn Mckay; Special granddaughter Amber Govereau; stepchildren Jocelyn (Brian) Monkman of Ebb & Flow; Marty (Sylvia) Flett of Ebb & Flow; Danny (Sherry) Flett of Winnipeg; Terry (Rhonda) Flett of Ebb & Flow; Randy Flett of Ebb & Flow; Muriel (Gary) Malcolm of Ebb & Flow; Melvin (Janice) Flett of Portage; Joan (Stewart) Malcolm of Ebb & Flow; Lorena (Wayne) Ross of Ebb & Flow; Francine (Randy) Monkman of Brandon; brothersHenry of Winnipeg; God-

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fery (Gail) of Winnipeg; Johnny (Delores) of Crane River; Melvin of Winnipeg; Kelson of Crane River; Randy (Joan) of Prince Albert Sask.; sisters Sharon (Sidney) of Crane River; Marilyn (Murdock) of Creighton Sask.; Jan-

ice (Ron) of Rorketon; Dolly (Stan) of Winnipeg; Rosie (Darryl) of Winnipeg; Cindy (James) of Prince Albert Sask.; numerous aunties, uncles, nieces, nephews, cousins and friends too numerous to name. Dianne was predeceased by parents Henry George and Mildred Fleury; brother Carl; nephew J.P; Grandparents Gustave and Mary Lagimodiere; Johnny and Flora Fleury, numerous aunties and uncles; stepsons Joseph and Steve Flett. We will always love and miss you Dianne.

Weekly

chief operating officer
aseneskak casino is a First-class gaming facility that is First nation owned and located on opaskwayak cree nation, just north of the Pas, Manitoba. the casino is committed to providing a high standard of service in a consistent and friendly atmosphere to all of our customers; we are committed to our family of employees through a positive working environment which provides equal opportunities for all. position summary the chief operating officer (coo) is the senior executive of aseneskak company inc., the general partner of the aseneskak casino limited Partnership, and reports directly to the board of directors. the coo is expected to operate on both a strategic and functional level in order to develop and oversee the casino operations, and ensure compliance with all applicable laws, policies, agreements and regulations. Qualifications • bachelors degree, plus accounting designations and/or Mba (both preferred) or equivalent experience • 5–10 years in progressively responsible experience in financial management and gaming management, with responsibilities for multi-faceted direction, oversight, planning and systems development. • Manitoba Gaming control commission licensing deadline for applications is June 30, 2006 at 4:00 pm. detailed Job description is available upon request. send/Fax applications to: aseneskak casino human resources department box 10250 opaskwayak, Manitoba r0b 2j0 phone: (204) 627-2297, (204) 627-2275 Fax: (204) 627-2278

PlaCING a ClassIFIed ad Is easy, aNd There are maNy ways To do IT. we CaN Take your ad over the phone: Call alex: 589-7495, or toll-free at 1-866831-5291 between the hours of 9:00 am–5:00 pm.

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custoMer serVice representatiVes – brandon Manitoba job type: casuaL part-tiMe (non-standard shiFts) saLary: $$17.55 per hour to start requirements • demonstrated aptitude for customer service. shortlisted applicants will be required to participate in a customer service assessment test. • excellent communication, problem solving, teamwork, & customer service skills. • experience providing superior & prompt customer service, with emphasis on complaint resolution, collections & trouble shooting. • experience in sales, providing innovative solutions to fulfill customer needs, • experience providing simple internet triage to business/ residential customers. • experience with personal computers in a Windows environment. • Willingness/ ability to work rotational shifts, including days, evenings, & weekends. • authorization for Mts to conduct a criminal records search • Preference will be given to French/english bilingual applicants. Applicants required to submit a detailed cover letter & resume, by June 26, 2006 to: lisa Macrae Human resource consultant Mts allstream inc. telephone:1-800-665-1006 Fax: 1-204-725-4756 email: lisa.macrae@mtsallstream.com in support of the Mts employment equity Program, women, aboriginal people, visible minorities and persons with disabilities are encouraged to apply and self identify in the application process. Mts is an employment equity employer and values a diverse workforce. Mts will provide reasonable accommodation to applicants with disabilities. 

GRASSROOTS NEWS

June 0, 006

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