ld,a udlaia

fmdh¾ndya .ek ;Sisi (m%jdo)
1
fmdh¾ndyaf.a fN!;sl jdoh we;=`:j, fuf;la mj;sk fN!;sl
jdofha uQ,sl wvq mdvqj kï, foa, i;aNdjh, bkaøSh f.dapr;djh ,nd.kafka
jia;=fjka

ke;skï

WmksoaOHdkfhka

ñi,ñksia

bkaøSh

f.dapr

ls%hdldrS;ajfhka, jHjydrfhka iy ufkdauQ, jYfhka fkdùuh. ta ksid,
fN!;sl jdohg m%;smlaIj l%shdldrS me;a; ú{dkjdoh úiska j¾Okh
flfrk ;;ajhla we;s úh¡ tfy;a th úhqla; f,i muKls¡ ukaoh;a,
i;a;lskau ú{dk jdoh ienE, bkaø%Sh f.dapr l%shdldrS;ajh kshu f,i
fkdokakd neúks¡ Ñka;k úIhhkaf.ka bkaøSh f.dapr úIhhka i;a;lskau
fjka lr .ekSug fmdh¾ndyag jqjukd ù we;¡ tfy;a Tyq ñksia
ls%hdldrS;ajh

úIhnoaO

ls%hdldrS;ajh

f,i

fkd.kS¡

tfyhska

‘l%sia;=,íêfha yrh’ keue;s lD;sfhys kHdhsl wdl,amh muKla kshu
ñksia wdl,amhla f,i Tyq .Kka .kakd w;r jHjydrh Tyq n,kafka tys
kSp yd cdjdrï me;af;ka muKls¡ ta ksid Tyq ‘úma,ùh’ jQo ‘jHjydrsl
úfõpljQo l%shdldrS;ajfha’ jeo.;alu jgyd fkd.kS¡
2
jdia;úl i;Hh ñksia Ñka;khg wdfrdamKh l< yelso hk m%Yakh
yqÿ kHhsl m%Yakhla fkdj, jHjydrsl m%Yakhls¡ jHjydrfhaoS ñksid
Tyqf.a Ñka;kfha i;H;dj tkï tys l%shdYS,SNdjh, n,h yd f,!lsl;ajh

1

Tmamq l< hq;=h¡ jHjydrfhka neyer jQ Ñka;kfha we;s i;H;dj iy
wi;H;dj ms<sn`o újdoh yqÿ mKaä; úpdr;ajhla muKls¡
3
ñksiqka jQ l,S ;;ajfhkaf.a iy YslaIKfha ksIamdos;fhlehs
fN!;sl jdoS W.eka ùu lshk w;r tA fya;=j ksid fjkia jQ ñksiqka fjkia
jQ ;;ajhkaf.a iy YslaIKfha ksIamdos;fhlehs lshhs¡ tfy;a ;;ajh
fjkia lrkq ,nkafka ñksiqka úiska njo, YslaIlhd YslaIKh ,nd isáh
hq;= njo tu W.ekaùu wu;l lrhs¡ fï ksid fuu W.ekaùu iudch
fldgia follg fkdje,ela úh yelsfia fnod tlafldgila iudchg
by<ska (ksoiqkla jYfhka frdnÜ ´jkaf.a fuka) ;nhs¡
;;ajhkaf.a fjkia ùfï iy ñksia l%shdldrS;ajfha iïmd;kh
f;areï .; yelafla;a, hqla;s hqla; f,i jgyd .; yelafla;a úma,ùh
jHdmdrhlska muKls¡
4
wd.ñl wd;au wkai;=lrKh, f,dalh wd.ñl, l,ams; yd ienE
f,dalhla f,i oaú.=K lsrSu keue;s i;Hfhka fmdh¾ndya mgka .kS¡
wd.ñk f,dalh tys f,!lsl mokï olajd oshlr yerSfuyS Tyq fhoS isà¡
fuu ld¾hh imqrd,Sfuka blaì;sj, m%Odk foa ;ju;a bgqlr ke;s nj Tyq
fkdolS¡ f,!lsl moku ;udf.ka uqla; ù, iajdëk rdchhla fia iaj¾.fha
th úiskau ia:dms; ùu, úia;r l< yelafla f,!lsl mokfï iajhx fNaoh
iy iajhx m%;súreoaO;djh u`.ska muKls¡ tksid miq lS foh m%:ufhkau
ish m%;súreoaO;djfhys wjfndaO lr .; hq;=h¡ bka blaì;sj úma,ùh
jHjydrh ;=<ska tu m%;súreoaO;djh bj;a lr,sh hq;=h¡ ta wkqj ksoiqkla

2

jYfhka Y=oaO jQ mjqf,a ryi f,!lsl mjqf,ka fy,s lr .;a úg f,!lsl
mjq, kHdhsl úfõpkhg iy úma,ùh jHjydrhg Ndckh l< hq;=h¡
5
úhqla; Ñka;kfhka iEySug m;a fkdjk fmdh¾ndya bkaøSh noaO
WmksoaOHkhg wdhdpkh lrhs¡ tfy;a Tyq bkaøSh noaO;djh jHjydrsl,
ñksia bkaøSh noaO ls%hdldrS;ajh f,i f;areï fkd.kS¡
6
wd.ñl yrh udkqIsl yrh olajd fmdh¾ndya úi`od,hs¡ tfy;a
udkqIsl yrh tla tla mqoa.,hl=g wfõKsl úhqla;shla fkdfõ¡ tys
ioaNdjh wkqj th iudchsl in`o;djkaf.a iuia:h jkafkah¡
fï jdia;úl yrh wrnhd úfõpkhla bosrsm;a fkdlrk fmdh¾ndyag
my; i`oyka foa ms<s.ekSug isÿù we;:
1¡ ft;sydisl ls%hdodufhka fjka lr f.k wd.ñl ye`.Su (Gemüt)
taffll f,i .Kka .ekSu iy úhqlal;-yqol,d-ñksia mqoa.,fhl= mQ¾j
ld,amksl lsrSu¡
2¡ tneúka Tyq bosrsm;a lrk ñksia yrh .Kka .; yelafla “cdk
m%fõKsh” yeáhg;a, fndfyda mqoa.,hka iajNdúl f,i tlai;a lr,k yqÿ
wNHka;rsl, f.d`: fmdÿ;djhla yeáhg;a muKls¡
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taksid wd.ñl ye`.Su iudchsl ksIamdokhla nj;a, ;ud úiska
úYaf,aIKhg Ndckh lrkq ,nk mqoa.,hd jdia;úl f,i iudcfha
kshñ; rEmldrhlg wh;a nj;a fmdh¾ndya fkdolS¡
3

8
iudchsl cSú;h uQ,sl jYfhka jHjydrslh¡ kHdh .=`Vjdohg
fhduqlrk ish`: wNsryia ish hqla;s hqla; ms<shu ñksia jHjydrh ;=<;a,
fuu jHjydrfha wjfndAOh ;=<;a fidhd .kS¡
9
WmksoaOHdksl fN!;sljdohg, tkï bkaøSh noaO;djh jHjydrsl
l%%shdldrS;ajhla f,i jgyd fkd.kakd fN!;sljdohg ,eìh yels Wiia;u
ch.%yKh kï, “m%cd iudcfha” ;ks mqoa.,hskaf.a WmksoaOHdkh muKls¡
10
merKs fN!;sljdofha ia:djrh jQ l,S “m%cd iudch” jkafkah; kj
fN!;sljdofha ia:djrh jQ l,S ñksia iudch fyj;a iudchsl ñksia
ixy;sh jkafkah¡
11
od¾Ykslfhda f,dalh úúOdldr f,i újrKh l<y: tfy;a, flfia
jqjo m%Odk lreK kï f,dalh fjkia lsrSuh¡

1845 jika;fha ld,a udlaia
úiska c¾uka niska ,shúKs¡

4

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