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Technical Concepts with Switchgears

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Overview
Auxiliaries Safety
Sensors Evaluation Unit Actuators
Pitch Yaw
Contactor Frequency Converter

MSS PLC
Turbine Control

Yaw … Cooling

Extreme Requirements

Main Power Circuit

Consulting

e .g. at Pitch
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Controlling of Auxiliaries
• Controlling of Auxiliaries • Requirements • SIRIUS System • Compact Motor Starter • Monitoring with IO-Link • Extreme Requirements • Safety • Main Power Circuit • Consulting for Panel Builders 3 4 5 6 8 11 17 23 28

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Requirements e. g. Yaw

Yaw: Turning, according to wind direction
Sensor Controller Switchgear

4 till 12 Motors

Turning of the nacelle has to be extreme reliable. Robust and despite of this cost efficient concepts are needed, which work 20 years for sure. Established technologies, which approved the reliability of operation are in demand here. Preserve mechanics and permanent monitoring of loads is needed for preventive maintenance.

Are industrial control switchgears suited for such high expectations?
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SIRIUS System Modular – Reliable – Established for many years

If mounting, wiring and testing expenditures have to be reduced

If power loss inside the cabinet has to be reduced

If space requirements inside the control cabinet have to be reduced

Fast, easy and safe assembly thanks to spring-loaded connection system, infeed systems and function modules

Minimum coil power and optimized contact transfer resistances

18.5 kW on 45 mm width

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Compact Starter for Yaw …
Requirements
Compact (in turbines there is less room) High reliability

Highlights
Compact Up to 15 kW (32 A at 400 V AC) Reliably CPS in IEC 60947-6-2 (Control & Protective Switching Device) Even at a short circuit: No welding of contacts Remote-Reset after a temporarily motor-overload possible (e.g. by software) Connection with spring-loaded terminals safe connection even at vibrations and extreme temperature changings Easy Less cabling simple installation

Technical Concept
45 mm

A Compact Starter combines functional switching, overload and short-circuit current protection Contactor, circuit breaker, overload relay
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170 mm

Concept with Compact Starters for Yaw …

PROFINET 400V ~ Optional: • Soft Starter preserve mechanics • Load Control current, voltage… • Limiter more shortcircuit current prevention ET200S

IO-Link

IO-Link

Compact Starter

Rotating direction CW CCW

Components
enclosed xls-File

YawMotors

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Monitoring with IO-Link for Yaw …
Profinet 400… 690 V~

ET200S

Topics
All operating data available (Current, Voltage, Load, Energy, Earth fault…)

Rotating CW CCW direction

24V IO

IO-Link: 3 simple wires (signal, plus, minus) replaces many single wires and transfers extensive Data Compact & well proved standards Could similar be used for pumps, fans …

...
Short Circuit Motor Protection Contactor Monitoring Relay: Overload, Energy… IO-Link

e.g.: up to 12 Yaw - Motors

Components

see enclosed xls-File Unrestricted / © Siemens AG 2013. All Rights Reserved. Page 8 2013-10

Cost-efficient availability of data for preventive maintenance
I IA CE S V

Technical Concepts with Switchgears

Benefits, Summary
IO-Link Only one 3-wire-cable per 4-motors-groupe is needed to transfer all parameters. All data are available at the PLC e.g. controller SIMATIC S7 Diagnosis & preventive maintenance. Compact Starter Remote or auto reset possible. Variants enormous reduced: UL and IEC. Wide spread. Overload Class 10 or 20 Vibrations are no danger: With Cage Clamp technology you get a firm connection At each single motor the following parameters are monitored all the time: Switching status, end of service life, overload, short circuit and more Soft Starter Preserve mechanics and avoiding electric current peaks while starting of motors. Additional increasing of compact starters life-time (switching operations).

All under control, compact and cost efficient
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Extreme Requirements
• Controlling of Auxiliaries • Extreme Requirements • Pitch 4 10 11

• Short Circuit Case, 400...690V 13 • Safety • Main Power Circuit • Consulting for Panel Builders 17 23 28

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Pitch Extreme Requirements: • • Vibrations & Centrifugal Force Offshore & Salt-containig Air

Are industrial control products suited for such harsh applications?
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Pitch SIRIUS Industrial Controls & SIPLUS Extreme
Strong vibration and acceleration
Fastening surface
Acceleration direction)

• In case of a network collapse, the rotor is able to reach the maximum speed and the contactors switch off even with maximum acceleration (up to 7*g)! • Operation under radial acceleration is supported up to 70m/s² (confirmed by comprehensive tests)!

Contactor

Confirmation Bestaetigung
enclosed dpf-File

Offshore & Salt-containing air
• The DC-Motor can be turned off at end-position by limit switches. Switches with improved protection against corrosion and parts made from stainless steel highest reliability. Confirmation of Germanischer Lloyd • Electronic products can be protected against extreme temperature or salt-containing air: SIPLUS Extreme
Limit Switch: Confirmation
enclosed dpf-File

These proven product characteristics distinguish Siemens from other and facilitate the industrial controls' safe application in wind turbines.
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Short Circuit Case 400 V … 690 V

No transformer & Energy Saving Approved Switchgear Combinations for extreme Short Circuit Current

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Short Circuit Case 400 V … 690 V
Input Service Short Circuit Case e.g. up to 69 kA Normal Run

Breaker Limiter

Breaker

Breaker Limiter Limiter

Diesel Generator

Circuit Breaker 1.Contactor (Safety) Contactor 2.Contactor (Safety)

690 V ~ Supply from Grid

Lift …

Service Power …

Heating of Converter, Hydraulics, …

Ventilation Coolant Pump Yaw-Motors

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Short Circuit Case Tested Combinations
Documentation & Support
• Tested and certified Load Feeders • Recommendations at the designing period • Each Customer has another design Support by experts & Test Laborities (in Amberg) is offered • Easier Approvals with Authorities and Certifications / Test Laborities …

Further Benefits
• No 400 V- Transformer (only 230 V, PLC…) much smaller cabinet • Safe energy (e.g. 3% of all auxiliaries) • Safe costs
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Load Feeder
enclosed pdf-File

Test Certificate, Example
enclosed pdf-File

Safety
• Controlling of Auxiliaries • Extreme Requirements • Safety • Process • Single Functions • Overall Concept • Main Power Circuit • Consulting for Panel Builders 4 11 16 17 18 20 23 28

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Process
Start End Yes

Determination of the machine‘s limits

Hazard identification

Risk estimation

Risk evaluation

Has the risk been adequately reduced?

No

Risk reduction

Source: EN ISO 12100

Risk analysis Safety Evaluation Tool

Technical Concepts
Sensors Evaluation Unit Actuators
Pitch
Frequency Converter

Yaw
Contactor

MSS PLC
Turbine Control

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Single Functions Cable Twisting
Sensors Evaluation Unit Actuators

400 V ~

Rotary Encoder • Modular Safety System (MSS) • Safety Relay 3SK1 Azimut Gear Wheel

PL c / d

CW CCW Rotating
direction

PL d

Short Circuit Protection Contactor Monitoring Relay: Overload, Energy…

Danger of Cabel Twisting

Yaw
Motors

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Single Functions Rotor Speed & Shock
Sensors Evaluation Unit Actuators

Speed
Sensor

Overspeed Tripping Device 3TK2810-1

Stop Wind Turbine: • Pitch Blades 90°

• Yaw Motors Stop Brake on

PL c/d • Modular Safety System (MSS) • Safety Relay 3SK1
Frequency Converter

Srew Heads

Shock
e.g. in control cabinet 3SE5 MSS 3SK1

Pitch

Yaw

Ball in Ring

Shock Sensor

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Overall Concept MSS or Safety Relays
Sensors Evaluation Unit Actuators

Emerency Stop Button

Cable Twisting

Pitch: Wrong Angle
PitchControler

Shock Sensor

Stop Wind Turbine: • Pitch Blades 90°

• Yaw Motors Stop Brake on

Safety Signals

Frequency Converter

Contactor

Modular Safety System or Safety Relay
No Safety Signals 3UG4 ET200S IO-Link

Pitch

Yaw

Turbine Control

Components
enclosed xls-File

Rotor Speed 1

Rotor Speed 2

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Overall Concept MSS or Safety Relay
Modular Safety System 3RK3 Safety Relay 3SK1

Parameterize Drag & Drop

›› High flexibility and reliability of planning: Modular design ›› More space in the control cabinet and lower costs thanks to a highly modular quantity structure ›› More functionality and time saving through a parameterizable software system ›› Extensive diagnostics on site and project documentation using the MSS ES software

›› Simple – thanks to a clear product portfolio and universal functionality ›› Flexible – thanks to a modular product concept and versatile parameterization ›› Economical – thanks to little variance and low wiring costs

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Main Power Circuit
• Controlling of Auxiliaries • Extreme Requirements • Safety • Main Power Circuit • DFIG • Full Inverter • Consulting for Panel Builders 4 11 17 22 25 26 28

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Main Power Circuit

Infeed panel

Transformer
Main power circuit (Converter…)

Generator

Transformer

20 kV

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Generator & Converter
Fixed Rotor Speed Variable Rotor Speed

Gear

ASG

Gear

ASG

Doubly fed induction generator (DFIG)
~

Directly coupled induction (asynchronous) generator
Gear ASG

Gear

SG

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~

~

~

~

Induction generator with full inverter system

~

Synchronous generator with full inverter system

Doubly Fed Induction Generator

DFIG

Contactor

Circuit Breaker

Examples
2 Contactors 3RT14, 3 Contactors 3RT14, 3 Contactors 3TF69, each 690 A * 1,8 (Derating) = 1.200 A each 690 A * 2,5 (Derating) = 1.700 A each 910 A * 2,5 (Derating) = 2.300 A 1,6 MW – Turbine 2,4 MW – Turbine 3,0 MW – Turbine

Components
enclosed xls-File

Contactors are used parallel at 690V and AC1

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Full Inverter System
Circuit Breaker
(non-automatic)

Converter
(sometimes several modules parallel)

Contactor

Circuit Breaker

Examples
3 Contactors 3RT14, each 690 A * 2,5 (Derating) = 1.700 A 3 Contactors 3TF69, each 910 A * 2,5 (Derating) = 2.300 A Contactors are used parallel at 690V, AC1 1,2 MW per Converter module 1,6 MW per Converter module

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Application Consulting for Panel Builders
• Controlling of Auxiliaries • Extreme Requirements • Safety • Main Power Circuit 4 11 17 23

• Consulting for Panel Builders 27

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Application Consulting for Panel Builders
Consulting & Trainings IEC 61439-1/60204-1, Low Voltage Guideline UL 508A, Industrial Control Panels NFPA 79, Industrial Machinery Sales Support Individual Consulting, also on customer’s site Engineering & Documentation Handouts to the Trainings for participants Broschures Cataloges Guideline CAx data efficient Engineering & Planning Internet: Application Consulting Planning Efficiency
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Thank you for your attention!
Norbert Stralka Account Manager Sales Verticals (Industries) I IA CE S V Wuerzburger Str. 121 90766 Fuerth Phone: +49 (911) 750-9053 Cellular: +49 1525 4689 427 E-Mail: norbert.stralka@siemens.com

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