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# PART B Mathematics and Engineering Aptitude

LINEAR ALGEBRA Algebra of matrices, inverse, rank, system of linear equations, symmetric, skew-symmetric and orthogonal matrices. Hermitian, skew-Hermitian and unitary matrices. eigenvalues and eigenvectors, diagonalisation of matrices CALCULUS Functions of single variable, limit, continuity and differentiability, Mean value theorems, Indeterminate forms and L'Hospital rule, Maxima and minima, Taylor's series, Newton’s method for finding roots of polynomials. Fundamental and mean value-theorems of integral calculus. Numerical integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule. Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Beta and Gamma functions, Functions of two variables, limit, continuity, partial derivatives, Euler's theorem for homogeneous functions, total derivatives, maxima and minima, Lagrange method of multipliers, double integrals and their applications, sequence and series, tests for convergence, power series, Fourier Series, Half range sine and cosine series. COMPLEX VARIABLES Analytic functions, Cauchy-Riemann equations, Line integral, Cauchy's integral theorem and integral formula Taylor’s and Laurent' series, Residue theorem and its applications. VECTOR CALCULUS Gradient, divergence and curl, vector identities, directional derivatives, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green's theorems and their applications. ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS First order equation (linear and nonlinear), Second order linear differential equations with variable coefficients, Variation of parameters method, higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchy-Euler's equations, power series solutions, Legendre polynomials and Bessel's functions of the first kind and their properties. Numerical solutions of first order ordinary differential equations by Euler’s and Runge-Kutta methods. PROBABILITY Definitions of probability and simple theorems, conditional probability, Bayes Theorem. SOLID BODY MOTION AND FLUID MOTION Particle dynamics; Projectiles; Rigid Body Dynamics; Lagrangian formulation; Eularian formulation; Bernoulli’s Equation; Continuity equation; Surface tension; Viscosity; Brownian Motion. ENERGETICS Laws of Thermodynamics; Concept of Free energy; Enthalpy, and Entropy; Equation of State; Thermodynamics relations. ELECTRON TRANSPORT Structure of atoms, Concept of energy level, Bond Theory; Definition of conduction, Semiconductor and Insulators; Diode; Half wave & Full wave rectification; Amplifiers & Oscillators; Truth Table. ELECTROMAGNETISM Theory of Electric and Magnetic potential & field; Biot & Savart’s Law; Theory of Dipole; Theory of Oscillation of electron; Maxwell’s equations; Transmission theory; Amplitude & Frequency Modulation MATERIALS Periodic table; Properties of elements; Reaction of materials; Metals and non-Metals (Inorganic materials), Elementary knowledge of monomeric and polymeric compounds; Organometallic compounds; Crystal structure and symmetry, Structure-property correlation-metals, ceramics, and polymers.

PART C 1) COMPUTER SCIENCE AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
BASIC DISCRETE MATHEMATICS Counting principles, linear recurrence, mathematical induction, equation sets, relations and function, predicate and propositional logic. DIGITAL LOGIC Logic functions, Minimization, Design and synthesis of combinational and sequential circuits; Number representation and computer arithmetic (fixed and floating point). COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND ARCHITECHTURE Machine instructions and addressing modes, ALU and data-path, CPU control design, Memory interface, I/O interface (Interrupt and DMA mode), Instruction pipelining, Cache and main memory, Secondary storage. PROGRAMMNG AND DATA STRUCTURES Programming in C; Functions, Recursion, Parameter passing, Scope, Binding; Abstract data types, Arrays, Stacks, Queues, Linked Lists, Trees, Binary search trees, Binary heaps. ALGORITHMS Analysis, Asymptotic notation, Notions of space and time complexity, Worst and average case analysis; Design: Greedy approach, Dynamic programming, Divide-and conquer; Tree and graph traversals, Connected components, Spanning trees, Shortest paths; Hashing, Sorting, Searching. Asymptotic analysis (best, worst, average cases) of time and space, upper and lower bounds, Basic concepts of complexity classes P, NP, NP-hard, NP-complete.

auto-transformer. design. Three phase induction motors. POWER SYSTEMS Basic power generation concepts. Microprocessors and microcontrollers: number systems. planning and managing the project.ADCs. random variables. power transistors. maintenance. B and B+ trees). requirement and feasibility analysis.power diodes. differential and operational. thyristors. dc to dc converters – buck. proportional. frequency and time division multiplexing. Bode plots. wave-shaping circuits. symmetrical components. Root loci. boost. sinusoidal steady-state analysis. Sample-and-hold circuits. state space model . basic filter concepts. time. Serial and parallel communication. Single phase transformer. starting and speed control . power factor correction. servo and stepper motors. input resistance. CONTROL SYSTEMS Principles of feedback control. tuple calculus). process life cycle. Single phase induction motors. steady state errors. Deadlock. per-unit quantities. data flow diagrams. input offset voltage. Lead and Lead-lag compensation. voltage and frequency control. feedback. Three phase transformers. Pulse code modulation. regulation and efficiency. capacitance. ELECTRICAL MACHINES: MAGNETIC CIRCUITS Magnetic circuits. sinusoidal oscillators. electric field and potential due to point. Lag . push-pull converters. Information theory and channel capacity. buck-boost. stability of electric drives. energy conversion principles. indexing. active filters. Memory management and virtual memory. counters and shift-registers.Frequency response of amplifiers. Relational model (relational algebra. diode rectifiers. oscilloscope. controllability and observability. amplitude shift keying. DATABASES ER-model. open loop gain. Amplifiers: single-and multi-stage. Sampling theorem. SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS Linear time invariant systems: impulse response. resonance. unbalanced analysis. impedance. starting and speed control of dc motors. current. Query languages (SQL). Inter-process communication. single phase and three phase dc to ac inverters and related pulse width modulation techniques. Op-amp circuits: voltage-to-current and current-to-voltage converters. IIR and FIR filters. code converters.connections. power spectral density.types . dielectrics . transfer function. triacs. coding. and power. line. DIGITAL CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS Boolean algebra and minimization of Boolean functions. Transactions and concurrency control. Ampere’s and Biot-Savart’s laws. probability density function. basic concepts of protection and stability. induction motors and synchronous motors. block diagrams. Combinatorial circuits: arithmetic circuits. autocorrelation. 8085 and 8051 architecture. BJTs and MOSFETs. frequency measurements. DACs. File structures (sequential files.OPERATING SYSTEM Processes. corona and radio interference . phase. starting and speed control of synchronous motors and its applications. PI. cable performance. Database design (integrity constraints. c`uk. state transition matrix. transmission line models and performance. load flow. ideal current and voltage sources. IGBTs – their characteristics and basic triggering circuits. Bandwidth and SNR calculations. CPU scheduling. speed control issues of dc motors. thyristor based line commutated ac to dc converters. tests. plane and spherical charge distributions. effect of practical parameters (input bias current. Sequential circuits: latches and flip-flops. 2) ELECTRICAL SCIENCES ELECTRIC CIRCUITS AND FIELDS Node and mesh analysis. implementation. Thevenin’s. PID controllers. Threads. memory. INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND SOFTWARE ENGINEERING information gathering. inductance. .and second order systems. testing. Electronic measurements: voltage. two port networks. DC Machines. Discrete-time systems: impulse and frequency response. Logic gates. flyback. MOSFETs. GTOs. I/O interfacing. input/output design.equivalent circuit. performance characteristics. transfer function and frequency response of first. 3) ELECTRONICS ANALOG CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS Electronic devices: characteristics and small-signal equivalent circuits of diodes. measurement of power in three phase circuits. Biasing and bias stability of BJT and FET amplifiers. transient response of dc and ac networks. forward. POWER ELECTRONICS AND DRIVES Semiconductor Power devices . COMMUNIACTIONS Amplitude and angle modulation and demodulation. Random signals and noise: probability. Diode circuits: clipping. convolution. parallel operation. Introduction to HVDC systems. types. frequency shift keying and pulse shift keying for digital modulation. Synchronization. Norton’s and Superposition and Maximum Power Transfer theorems. Gauss Theorem. Distribution systems. File systems. multiplexers and decoders.principles. regulation and parallel operation of synchronous machine operating as generators. Concurrency. clamping and rectifier. process specifications. normal forms). synchronous machines performance. insulation. bus impedance and admittance matrices. TTL and CMOS IC families. phasor diagram. three phase circuits. CMRR). Routh and Nyquist techniques.

Properties and applications of various composites. momentum and energy. heat treatment of steels. differential thermal analysis. Non-dimensional numbers and their usage. unit cells and space lattices. generalized Hooke's Law. axial. impact strength. equilibrium equations. BOUNDARY LAYER Qualitative ideas of boundary layer. thermal expansion of materials. creep. intermetallic compounds. single and polycrystalline structures and their effect on properties of materials. steady and unsteady flows. strain rate and vorticity. ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION  Corrosion and oxidation of materials. thermal strain. deflection of beams (symmetric bending). plane kinematics and kinetics. manometry. ferrimagnetism. Crystal structure of materials. hardness. . work-energy and impulse-momentum principles. Streamlined and bluff bodies. Bernoulli's equation and its applications. ductile and brittle fracture. scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. friction. intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors. packing geometry in metallic. Origin of magnetism in metallic and ceramic materials. properties and applications of ferrous and non-ferrous alloys. potential flow past a circular cylinder. thin walled pressure vessels. recovery. Concept of energy band diagram for materials . thermal conductivity. KINEMATICS Eulerian and Lagrangian description of fluid motion. cold. optical microscopy. binary phase diagrams. DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS Concept of geometric. shear and bending stresses. Differential equations of mass and momentum (Euler equation). Exact Solutions. Energy methods (Catigliano’s theorems) for analysis. Couette Flow. ferromagnetism. POTENTIAL FLOW Vorticity. Elementary flow fields and principles of superposition. miller indices of planes and directions. Stream function and Velocity potential function. Theories of failure. CONTROL VOLUME BASED ANALYSIS Control volume analysis for mass. solubility limit. Microstructure. tensile strength. fatigue. drag and lift forces. 5) FLUID MECHANICS FLUID PROPERTIES Relation between stress and strain rate for Newtonian fluids. Fully-developed pipe flow. Basic ideas of Laminar and Turbulent flows. Buckling of columns.conductors. toughness. Simple pipe networks. bending and torsional action. Concept of fluid rotation. MATERIALS PROPERTIES Stress-strain diagrams of metallic. kinematic and dynamic similarity. VISCOUS FLOWS Navier-Stokes Equations. MEASUREMENTS  Basic ideas of flow measurement using venturimeter. Boundary Layer Equation. pitot-static tube and orifice plate. dielectric properties. Stresses and strains. Imperfections in crystalline solids and their role in influencing various properties. yield strength. Torsion in circular shafts. antiferro magnetism. Buoyancy. ionic and covalent solids. POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES Structure. structure and properties. processing and applications. principal stresses and strains. Prandtl-mixing length. polymerization. crystal systems. paramagnetism. analysis of determinate trusses and frames. recrystallization and grain growth.4)MATERIALS SCIENCE STRUCTURE Atomic structure and bonding in materials. concept of local and convective accelerations. Mohr's circle. Hydrodynamic lubrication. DIFFUSION Fick's laws and application of diffusion. viscoelasticity. differential scanning calorimetry. Classification. Concept of amorphous. hot working of metals. plastic deformation. phase rule. shear and bending moment diagrams. Combined axial. 6) SOLID MECHANICS Equivalent force systems. forces on submerged bodies. simple particle dynamics. Heat capacity. intermediate phases. properties. METALS AND ALLOYS Solid solutions. magnetic hysterisis. elongation. Darcy-Weisbach relation. Friction factor. MATERIALS CHARECTERIZATION TOOLS X-ray diffraction. modulus of elasticity. semiconductors and insulators. CERAMICS. ceramic and polymeric materials. processing and applications of ceramics. free-body diagrams. Separation. diamagnetism. iron-iron carbide phase diagram. prevention. Axial.

THERMODYNAMIC RELATIONS T-ds relations. path and process. Zeroth law of thermodynamics. equations of state. .Free vibration of single degree of freedom systems. PROPERTIES OF PURE SUBSTANCES Thermodynamic properties of pure substances in solid. Air standard cycles: Otto cycle. thermodynamic properties and equilibrium. IDEAL GAS MIXTURES Dalton's and Amagat's laws. P-V-T behaviour of simple compressible substances. Carnot theorems. SECOND LAW Kelvin-Planck and Clausius statements. compressibility chart. enthalpy. Maxwell equations. reheat and intercooling. state diagram. concept of temperature. adiabatic and isothermal compressibilities. Joule-Thomson coefficient. simple Brayton cycle. reheat and regenerative Rankine cycle. Brayton cycle with regeneration. exergy (availability) and irreversibility. THERMODYNAMIC CYCLES Carnot vapour power cycle. phase rule. thermodynamic property tables and charts. enthalpy. thermodynamic system (closed and open or control volume). entropy). principle of increase of entropy. heat. ideal and real gases. simple Rankine cycle. Clapeyron equation. 7) THERMODYNAMICS BASIC CONCEPTS Continuum. first law applied to closed systems and open systems (control volumes). vapour-compression refrigeration cycle. Diesel cycle. air-water vapour mixtures and and simple thermodynamic processes involving them. macroscopic approach. reversible and irreversible processes. calculations of properties(internal energy. FIRST LAW Energy. specific heats. different modes of work. liquid and vapor phases. Clausius inequality and concept of entropy. non-flow and flow exergy. state of a system. coefficient of volume expansion. entropy balance for closed and open systems. thermodynamic temperature scale. steady and unsteady flow analysis.