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The AVALON HILL
Published First Day O f Every Other Month

SUBSCRIPTION $4.98

VOLUME 2, N0.2

Publication Office: 210 West 28th Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21211

JULY 1965

Additional Tournament & Optional Rules Are D-Day Used in in Improved Version
The l a s t two i s s u e s of t h i s m a g a z i n e have f e a t u r e d a r t i c l e s on the behindt h e - s c e n e s activity of g a m e publishing. The a p p e a r a n c e of D-DAY '65 e x e m p l i f i e s a t h i r d a r e a - t h a t of a continuous r e s e a r c h and d e s i g n p r o g r a m of testing improvements to old products. Good " S t a r t e r 1 ' G a m e D-DAY w a s o r i g i n a l l y r e l e a s e d by Avalon Hill in 196 1. Since that t i m e i t h a s continued to b e a b e s t - s e l l e r and h a s become one of the t h r e e top s t a r t e r " g a m e s , alongside of G e t t y s b u r g and T a c t i c s 11. In s h o r t , we f e e l t h a t DDAY h a s finally e a r n e d i t s s p u r s . Since 1961 w e have a l s o compiled a l i s t of suggestions f o r changes and i m p r o v e m e n t s , t e s t i n g out m a n y f o r t h e i r m e r i t s . D-DAY '65, then, i s the tangible r e s u l t s of t h e s e t e s t s . Two G a m e s in One As in Midway and Bulge. D-DAY bec o m e s two g a m e s in one: A b a s i c v e r sion that i s r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e and d e signed to g e t the beginner quickly into the a r t of w a r g a m i n g ; and a t o u r n a m e n t v e r s i o n designed f o r those that want i t r e a l i s t i c to the nth d e g r e e . The playing b o a r d now contains g r i d coordinates p r i n t e d d i r e c t l y on the map. One m a j o r change i s found in the North S e a a r e a w h e r e S q u a r e s 1-13 through 1-15 ( p r e v i o u s l y w a t e r s q u a r e s ) have been made land s q u a r e s b o r d e r e d by r i v e r lines. Supply and Isolation r u l e s apply only in the T o u r n a m e n t v e r s i o n . A. m a j o r addition to the supply r u l e i s the r e q u i r e m e n t t h a t no Allied Unit c a n be m o r e than 17 s q u a r e s away f r o m t h e i r s o u r c e of supply which i s e i t h e r a c o a s t a l s q u a r e o r a n inland port. T h i s r u l e s out the u s e of South F r a n c e a s a sight. potentially d a n g e r o u s 1 s t i ~ v a s i o n In r e a l i t y , South F r a n c e w a s invaded l a t e r on a f t e r the Allies had m a r c h e d a c r o s s m u c h of F r a n c e . T o offset the G e r m a n advantage, the Allies g e t a r e p l a c e m e n t r a t e of 2 a t -

NEW D-DAY '65 - HOT OFF THE PRESS
Medical Research
By Capt. C h a r l e s Wickstrom D-DAY h a s been u s e d i n the Medical L a b o r a t o r i e s a t Edgewood A r s e n a l , Maryland, in psychological studies. s o m e involving the u s e of d r u g s , by the psychopharmacology group t h e r e . Between M a r c h a n d August of l a s t y e a r . 59 D-DAY g a m e s with 81 invasions w e r e conducted u n d e r controlled condit i o n s , involving s u b j e c t s f r o m v a r i o u s p a r t s of the United S t a t e s with a n a v e r a g e a g e of just o v e r 24 y e a r s . During the g a m e s both method a n d m a n n e r of play w e r e c a r e f u l l y o b s e r v e d . GERMAN S E T - U P : H e r e i s a r e c o m mended G e r m a n s e t - u p designed t o p r e clude a s u c c e s s f u l Allied invasion c l o s e to Germany. Not shown i s South of F r a n c e w h e r e the G e r m a n p l a y e r h a s placed no Units a t all. t a c k f a c t o r s p e r T u r n s t a r t i n g i n the 9th week. In addition, s t r a t e g i c a i r power b e c o m e s a g r e a t a i d to the Allied c a u s e . The r u l e s t o the T o u r n a m e n t v e r s i o n a r e found in the Battle Manual t h a t a l s o includes d i a g r a m s , h i s t o r i c a l c o m m e n t a r y a n d a n appendix of q u e s tions and a n s w e r s . Available a t Cost New C o m ~ o n e n t s T h e r e i s not enough s p a c e t o r e p r i n t the new r u l e s i n t h i s magazine. But s u b s c r i b e r s can obtain the n e c e s s a r y i t e m s . Instruction F o l d e r a n d B a t t l e Manual, by enclosing just 50$ a n d a s e l f - a d d r e s s e d r e t u r n envelope (6 x 9 s i z e envelope p r e f e r a b l e ) . (The u s u a l $1.00 m i n i m u m c h a r g e f o r r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s i s waived in t h i s c a s e . ) It i s not n e c e s s a r y f o r you t o p u r c h a s e the instead new b o a r d ($3.00 postpaid) we'll s i m p l y throw in, g r a t i s , the Gridcoordinate s h e e t . The complete p r i c e of D-DAY '65 r e m a i n s a t $4.98. P a r t s include Ins t r u c t i o n F o l d e r , Battle Manual, T r o o p C o u n t e r s , O r d e r of Battle C a r d , T i m e R e c o r d C a r d , Combat R e s u l t s Table a n d 1 Die. G a m e s R e c o r d e d on Tape F u l l video t a p e and sound coverage ( 3 TV c a m e r a s & 2 sound t r a c k s ) ena b l e s complete r e p l a y of e n t i r e D-DAY g a m e s whenever d e s i r a b l e f o r study of t h e p l a y e r s ' m o v e s and r e a c t i o n s t o g a m e situations, d i e r o l l s , and o t h e r events. An o v e r h e a d c a m e r a zoomed i n f o r c l o s e - u p s of soak-off a t t a c k s a n d o t h e r combat d e t a i l s . In the m o s t commonly u s e d version, t h e r e w e r e two Allied p l a y e r s and two G e r m a n s i n e a c h game. The g a m e s w e r e conducted duplicate fashion l i k e a team-of-four b r i d g e match. That i s , a n identical s t a r t i n g situation i s s e t up on two b o a r d s i n different r o o m s (actually, t h e " s t a r t i n g r 1 situation could b e middle o r end g a m e ) . One half of a t e a m i s the A l l i e s i n one r o o m , while the o t h e r half of the s a m e t e a m i s the G e r m a n s in the o t h e r room. The winning t e a m i s then d e t e r m i n e d by comp a r i n g the situations on the two b o a r d s a t s o m e l a t e r t i m e . If you have t h r e e f r i e n d s who a l s o play D-DAY you might find t h i s a n i n t e r e s t i n g way t o conduct your own match, with one Allied p l a y e r a n d one G e r m a n on e a c h t e a m ( r a t h e r than two of e a c h a s h e r e ) . Game o u t c o m e s , when g a m e s w e r e not c a r r i e d t o completion, w e r e adjudicated on a "10 pt m u s t " s y s t e m . A g a m e t h a t goes t o completion under t h i s (Continued on P a g e 2)

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S. for each four moves on which was occupied by a n e n e m y surface action board. (Where obviously the player may use any they came f r o m I don't know. ships not inship during the night. S.. Of turn i s marked off s q u a r e s and course ships may move normally the time sheet.2 = 0). Other Avalon Hill games purchased in connection with this r e s e a r c h program include Afrika Corps and Tactics 11. S. Baltimore. but of 21 s q u a r e s would cost 7 t u r n s once on the board. the U. : attacking planes a s defending fighte r s . a r e short planes and optionally give the Zuiho 1 D and 1 F and the Hosho 5.A. player the B-17's a r e grounded for one need not bring their units on the turn. The Jap attack radius for planes i s i t s p u r s u e r s on the battle board. S. units do not pass thru any a r e a However. At 1700. tion factor i s 0. a flight of 5T. g. 7. a t a l l . thus U. simply being on the Allied side gives a player. July. eight squares. Planes on Midway a r e destroyed by attackers (Midway Reduction Table) onlv after the defense factor h a s been reduced to 0. For every ( 3 ) 3. Jap moves f i r s t U. but i t i s a n e ~ e s s a r ~ b a l a z s e v e r a l U. Their overa l l strategy appeared to be the same. though not applicBB. S. Maryland. (Presuming i t i s necesplayer may t r y to roll out. then U. 5 F which a r e It doesn't matter much. 5D. and on each turn and visibly onto the board a t (four battle moves)only. G. ) which forces trapped table) may move six squares. attacked square. player normal movement resumes. Thus a maximum mission board ever. but they became lax in some details. scoring system i s scored 10 to 0. way the B-17's may a t t a c k e v e r y a ) U. thereafter factor applies to planes on Midway. S. ( 3 1. ) 6. When the reduc1. H. S.A. ships could be boxed option. Baltimore. All ships which have in by nine Jap ships in an a r e a . and ( 2 ) that the drugs used affected the way the men approached the game a t least a s much a s in the actual moves they made. March. but this a i r s t r i k e battle was desperate.7 ) and (1) 1 ships a r e in same squares. Jap always moves f i r s t . Midway i s still in action. 6 = 5. Midway receives 2 F extra in line with my references.. but hurt the Germans m o r e when they had a lot of regrouping t o do following a southern a r e a Allied landing. S. . We would expect a l a r g e r dose of drug t o cause breakdown of simpler planning procedures. may not be taken while within 2 squares of Midoff the board. the good captain is on his way t o Viet-Nam where he will undoubtedly clean up the flown to c a r r i e r s . . The game of chess i s a l s o being used in s i m i l a r studies. player submits a ) The B-17 attack and q1ready91 full attack and defense plan a t rules a r e based on the number once since he has nothing to gain of s q u a r e s f r o m Midway to the by r e s e r v e s . S. They became easily distracted. If a t f i r s t glance there would seem t o never be any planes on Midway.he hits received a r e air only above square in which apportioned among a l l the ships in c a r r i e r i s in. The r e sults would thus s e e m to indicate that the difficulty in concentrating caused by the drug affected play mainly in c a s e s where elaborate planning was required. the trapped night. e r a s he s e e s fit. T. having visited the testrooms on many occasions. (Continued f r o m Page 1. submits puted on the basis of the number of full battle plan. Jap always s t r i k e s f i r s t . Going back ready for action a t 0500 June 6th if to Surface Combat for a moment. then U. Jap player this too)U.) These planes must come from a s h i p which i s may of course be subsequently m e s s in that a r e a . onto the board. May. September and November. f o r example forgetting t o move some units while moving others twice. the game balance may change somewhat with the skill level of the players. f r o m which fightthe square attacked by the Jap playe r s came. (innot a s yet entered the board eluding one in U. c r u i s e r s . Maryland. ( 1 + 7 ) 8. S. p e r remaining a i r power he has to deshaps remains of c a r r i e r forces o r troy ships in his square before he P e a r l which they could have if the must fight them. if any. Of course. a ) Except Jap may hold back fighte r s on ship and after U. Printed in U. on the average. b ) Obviously U. AH Comment: Captain Wickstrom h a s been a long-time aficionado of Avalon Hill games. June 5th. playif any. (A seven. such a s conduct of an isolated attack o r a n unobstructed advance toward the objective. As outlined in General. able to the two player "secret" 9. player may enter ships turn. and forgetful. If the s a r y to do s o ) trapped ships succeeds in sinking 4. Games in which drugs were administered to one side h u r t the Allies m o r e when a tough invasion was required (e. PAGE 2 Midway-Solitaire and - one - . magazine mailed pretty close to the first day o f January. (All planes anywhere a r e always "ready" but s t i l l require one turn t o do it. twice a s good a chance of winning a s a player on the German side. Since thru 7. S. . Analysis of 47 games with 69 invasions in which drugs were not administered to any of the participants reveals that s c o r e s averaged slightly over 2 to 1 in favor of the Allies (totals 316-154). Results indicate that (1) a group of men who have never seen the game D-DAY before can l e a r n to play D-DAY capably within the time period allotted. B-17 attack table reads 4. H. Copyright 1964 T. I by Robert Olson would point out the ready rule which might ground them. player can b ) The Jap player must always always move away but ( m y ) r u l e s enter the board f r o m the westprovide no ship may move thru a n e r n squared. Not. unconcerned. if they wish. The Avalon Hill General is edited and published by the Avalon Hill Company.z 1 hit. and in some c a s e s euphoric. Now. ) except a ing factor here. C. ( I thought of squares traveled on a mission. ship zone a f t e r (who a r e allowed to by the timeJap move. enemy occupied square without comc ) At 0500 AM each player h a s an bat. S. plus two volved in the action may move two squares for the 0500 turn. P a s de Calais o r North Sea). ships to fight the ship & its zone o r the f i r s t four by night to any one of surrounding ships a t its opsquare s o long a s the oncoming tion. Surface Combat: i s had anytime (and optionally F . That i s . the odds a r e com2. o r at l e a s t convince them of the advantages in giving vent to their basic destructive complexes over a D-DAY game board instead of flat on their back in a steaming jungle.only i s this in line with single Jap ship seldom stay fact a s the Jap plane radius was afloat four turns in a match with longer.THE GENERAL a bi-monthly. e r submits attack plan. I still think the Zuiho and Hosho game. after a fighter battle die roll. may o r d e r covering fighters in 5 = 3.

i t i s sufficient for the airborne division to attack the Corps with its own basic factor. Maryland D. e. F i r s t w a v e troops a r e not allowed to move inland event if unoppossed.. that the AH r e s e a r c h staff i s unaware of this since a l e t t e r to them gave m e the answer which I presented a t the beginning of the paragraph. East Laurence Plumb 126 Washington Highway Amherst. e. South Carolina. Europe. r e a d e r s will find notice of D-DAY '65 which i s a g r e a t step forward in the clarification of many of the original ambiguous rules. New Hampshire. e. I. Tennessee. Rhode Island. has to move first a t night which brings Jap night s u r face superiority into play . Leapfrogging. Vermont. Use of the new 8 112 x 11 odds table i s mandatory for a l l Avalon Hill battle games except Bulge (i. Also I do not think that a single airborne (AIB) division could effectively divert an entire German Corps f r o m defending the obviously main objective of the Allied attack. Headquarters other than 0. o r move would i t be brought ashore to starve ? While supply i s not possible f r o m a disputed square i t i s a t p r e s e n t possible to bring ashore reinforcements on the square. 4. might become two 2-23s). Other importantrules a r e a s follows: 1. Tactically the Japs will t r y to back the U. Another Look at D-Day by Laurence Plumb It has been my experience after several y e a r s of D-Day playing and after countless arguments with opponents that the endlessly shifting D-Day rules definitely require clarification. Currently the Allied player may bring in divisions a t a beach-head subject only to beachhead reinforcement table. In the other games (such a s Stalingrad) the r i v e r s pass thru squares and the defending units zone of control. Massachusetts. Previously. (An invasion in Normandy could gain additional supply by leapfrogging into Bremen! ) The principal reason (I believe) for the five square limit i s that the Allies lacked the necessary a i r superiority deep in German t e r r i t o r y t o protect the vulnerable transports. however. S. fight. odds round off in favor of the defender. New York 14226 EDITOR .. r i v e r s function a s in the other Avalon Hill games. I think that this i s too liberal since bringing in troops under f i r e (from the s e a into a German zone of control) i s equivalent to another invasion. T r y i t sometime. a l s o defending units one square back f r o m a r i v e r were doubled. I favor retention of the old rules since the defending units were doubled one square behind a r i v e r thereby forcing the attacker to c r o s s the r i v e r and subject himself to ---------- AH Note: Elsewhere in this issue. breaching the r i v e r . The stack rule in which all units on a square a c t a s a single unit on defense in cities i s obsolete but may be retained for play balance. John Wladis. Ralph Fellows. thus can't come f r o m a s u r face trapped c a r r i e r (which would not have a r m e d planes on deck in a n eminent surface action). Mississippi.total number of Units on land plus those chosen to be brought in must not exceed supply capacity. On the 30th of June I report to the United States Naval Academy and may therefore be a while in answering your letters--but don't l e t that stop you f r o m making your troubles and opinions known ! +. the 91st Inf. Pennsylvania. With the present board and the present ruling it i s unfair and unrealistic. If there was enough war m a t e r i a l to supply five divisions i t i s clearly impossible for six divisions to fight on this m a t e r i e l otherwise the supply capacity of the square would state six. a 4-4-3. (i. Virginia. a t present. Georgia. J i m Kobylecky and Gorden Sorensen.covering Maine. The German need for small units for paratroop proofing anddelay may alsobe satisfied by allowing the subdividing of divisions into equivalent brigades.THE GENERAL in the same square a s an enemy ship. West and SHAEF a r e not allowed except in some PBM and multiple commander games. The attacker. The second invasion may come anytime after the eighth week. In D-Day the attacker i s allowed to attack without crossing the r i v e r (hardly r e a l i s t i c ) and i s thus safe f r o m counterattack. S. This is unrealistic and unfair and a cutoff date such a s the 17th week should be instiutted. 2. Rivers. " I t seems. fleet o r ship against an edge zone which reduces the squares Theoretically needed to t r a p to the U. North Carolina. Kentucky. Connecticut. e. West Virginia. By leapfrogging I mean dropping an A/B unit five squares f r o m anotherA/B unit already behind German lines. . New Jersey. Marc Nicholson 2425 Meadow Road Louisville 5. If a division can not expect to eat. i. counterattack. (Rules: Parachute Movement lb). S. 111. the U. 7. The r u l e s which I currently p o s s e s s ( a s found in local s t o r e s June 10) clearly state (Allied Reinforcement Sec l c ) 'I. any unit attacked from a combinatibn of r i v e r and non-river s q u a r e s fought a t basic odds with the units attacking a c r o s s the r i v e r being halved.. B. C. A solution might be to r e s t r i c t entry to disputed squares which a r e adjacent to undisputed squares. a CTD of 1 July would appear in an evening paper of 1 July o r a morning paper of 2 July. My thanks to Stephen Geisinger. 5 . Florida. Stanley Hoffman. (second and l a t e r weeks troops may be moved inland immediately). I suggest that this be limited to doubled units on the coast only (excluding such cities a s Nantes and Amsterdam). 11. With four A / B units the Allied player can place a unit thirty-two squares into German t e r r i t o r y . - Help the Poor Americans by Marc Nicholson In my own experience and inopinions expressed by people who have written . Allied units do not have to attack doubled German units during the invasion. Alabama. Currently thd Allied player may leapfrog paratroopers deep into German held t e r r i t o r y .Remember Savo? All in a l l this makes a good game of solitaire. must enter the defenders zone of control permitting counterattack. AREA NEWS.. This p e r mits the Allies to have ashore twelve unsupplied divisions a t P a s de Calais by rotating them with f r e s h divisions f r o m Britain. F o r the PBM enthusiasts I have been requested to say this: CTD (Closing transactions date) i s the date on which sale$ a r e made. New York. In D-Day. i. Paratroops may not land adjacent to German units regardless of t e r rain. They may be used a s a play balance factor. As a n "optional" rule. PAGE 3 3. in o r d e r to c r o s s . 6. Supply and Entry. could do the s a m e to a lone Jap ship. Kentucky EDITOR covering Delaware. In this a r t i c l e I have chosen to discuss those which I have found to occur f r e quently enough to warrent inspection..

other words. tactics in The Bulge. Third and most important was the delay caused to the German units by company and batallion sized American units in the r e a r a r e a s such a s Werbomont. Elsenborn Ridge extends f r o m Northeast of Monschau to the square directly Northwest of Stavelot. include uncertain o r d e r of appearance only for German units ( I have this idea. in which the German player only seeks to stackthree high and kill the four units while completely forgetting to hamper the U. the mistake i s often made - If the above ideas do not help the Americans enough. Also. In short. My c o r r e s pondence shows a n equal percentage of American loss. r a i s e the number of American Tactical Air factors. a s small units. ( I hate playbalance. ) Eliminate F o r t s To begin with. Mistakes Lead to Defeat The g r e a t e s t reason for one's defeat i s not a s one would think. Second. any square Creat American "Delaying" Units in which a road c r o s s e s o r enters anything besides a plain square. d e c r e a s e the isolation period required for elimination of German units f r o m six to four turns. But. S. Michigan. delaying units cannot be eral restrictions. F i r s t was the stubborn defense of Elsenborn Ridge. Now. Sixth. Finally. Each American regithere i s an intervening American unit. a l a s . I have put together a few ideas that might put some hope back into the American Situation. use a l l of the Tournament rules a s well a s a l l of the Optional rules. moved through that particular square. they must remain on bat.~ ~ a r e but~a few of ~ add to the reasons why one loses. The logic behind this i s when they enter their zone of control that the delaying units. they have no used to block r e t r e a t routes after commovement factor. player fails to fill the gap on the by Myron R. the reinforcements a r r i v e just in time to be eliminated. Below them that ~ I ~ ~ ~ i ~ ~ ~. Second was the defense of St. Wisconsin. Brundage Our River between 00-18 and Clervaux in the f i r s t move the German onslaught Read LIFE'S Waterloo Article will pour thru i t on the next and down the BastOgne. in Bulge if the U. Before I begin. these units a r e automatically unit i s removed. which was vital t o the German attack plan.THE GENERAL to me. if an American unit ends its turn which has no factor but which adjacent to a delaying unit. ~ ~ k i sides. These "special" squares a r e cities. river crossings and rough-terrain road squares. There a r e sketches Leaving the U-S. a delaying unit cannot exist next to another American eliminated but the Germans must stop combat unit. would be absorbed by any nearby l a r g e ~h~~~ delaying units a r e subject to sevunits. " "hopeless. Third.I1 and llimpossible. only on entrance squares. The Amerjcan situation has been described a s "highly frustrating. a n extra eight o r ten a i d s the American a lot and i s stillaccurate. the a r r i v a l o f German units was f a r m o r e predictable than that of the Americans. I make total control of Elsenborn Ridge a condition for German victory. which slowed down German movement in the Northern Ardennes. S. The complaints that I have received r e a d v e r y much like those against Afrika Korps l a s t year. road junctions. Vith. but a r e merely adaptions of existing rules. with a few exceptions.ll In my experience. but rather i t i s more 330 W. In degrees are produced by both nois. The reason the Americans actually won the Battle of the Bulge can be attributed to t h r e e main things that a r e presently unaccounted f o r in theAH game. The Battle of the Bulge appears t o be one of th8 l e a s t play-balanced of a l l of the AH games. I use s p a r e counters voluntarily by the American f r o m other AH games a s delaying units. F o r example. PAGE 4 of any kind to the parent regiment. (sort of like outposts in Gettysburg). I have something of Often the effect of e r r o r s goes uninterest for you Waterloo fans. Minnesota. the delaying does have a zone of control. r e t r e a t to better ground. these delaying units can be built only on certain types of squares. in this situation the German unit the square on which they were created disregards the presence of the delaying until they a r e eliminated or removed unit. Second. As you noticed f o r several rounds before they probably know last month marked the begin For the Ger150th Anniversary of that bloody battle. Dickens often than not the tactical e r r o r s that Illinois b0b14 lead one down the road to defeat. It always ruins historical a c curacy. the Germans have no u s e for F o r t r e s s e s o r Fortifications-throw them out. Tactical e r r o r s of many proportions and of EDITOR covering Ohio. reading by any AH wargamer. Brundage the luck of the die. ~ ~~ Louisiana. It i s not always the skill of an opponent nor i s i t Myron R. i t s a must for units involved. they can be built only on I put the regiment number on the unit to squares through which their parent regprevent any regiment havingmore iment (or brigade) has moved and only than One unit On the board a t on the s a m e turn that their parent u n i t the same time. Vith a r e a that makes any sense whatsoever. An e r r o r made and followed up immediately by an opponent can be disastrous. F i r s t of all. All of the following a r e not new rules. First. a n d i t slows How to Lose at Bulge The following article i s dedicated solely to those persons who a r e continually losing to the men with the fabulous averages and fool proof systems. player without a prayand paintings depicting famous scenes e r f o r adequately closing up the gap in f r o m the battle and a two page gallery the center of the defensive line and unof the uniforms worn by the various able to take up better defensive positions. you might like to add one o r both of m y optional rules. I invented these remembering the actual campaign. Their construction impairs no penalty Next issue. fact.units and of tying down the flanks colored strategical maps showing each with "Engages" at One One day's s p e a r heads. etc. forget the Basic Game (the only way the German player could lose would be to fie in the middle of the game and even then i t would be close). This idea should not cost the Americans any units that they would not l o s e anyway. ) Germans Must Control Elsenborn Ridge down the Germans considerably. Fourth. My new r u l e s t r y t o accoailt f o r the above situations. Thus. . The Americans (Allies) have too few units a t the s t a r t . the Americans have won only one out of eleven games. There can be no change in the St. Actually. Next. Starting with the simple. merit can create one Itdelaying Fifth. . man player has a beautiful o ~ ~ o r t u n i t ~ LIFE magazine h a s in i t s June 11th i s On the very first of killing four sue an excellent article complete with U. S. squares where a road e n t e r s dense woods. Finally. The last and best idea tries to delaying units cannot be built within count f o r the small American units in squares a German unit the r e a r a r e a s .

Box 381 Hastings. but a s such were more of an end result than a method.S. Wyoming. A Critique Commenting upon the plan put forward by Mr.delay. They threaten supply lines on both north and south and the recapture of Spa and Bastogne if either i s held by the Germans at the time. which if used properly. the German player who does not seek to "Engage" the U. entitled 'lWaterloo Defense". They involve the use of many units to cover a l a r g e expanse of t e r r a i n and s o must Be done carefully to avoid waste and gain maximum effect. in the starting move the P-A-A commander would be wise to place the Blucher HQ unit on the Charleroi-Brussels Road in o r d e r to stop the advance of the French uponthe heights south of Quatre B r a s . youwill gain reinforcements which will more than offset the units sacrificed in gaining time. Oregon. The Problem In order to find an alternate solution which might be preferable. The enemy must accomplish his designs quickly if he i s to succeed. S.THE GENERAL Thus. The German player h a s c o s t himself time by this mistake while giving his opponent ample opportunity to fortify Bastoghe and Spa and their outlying towns. And the U. the only thing the P r u s s i a n s will accomplish. The U. have several redeeming advantages. In a t tacking. The U. will be to annihilate themselves. that i s it.player i s pushing towards the Meuse don't wait till the last minute to fortify behind it. units that come on the board after the 20th a. we can now plan our campaign strategy. I would like to say that this i s only one man's opinion on the subject and should be taken only a s such. S. ( 2 ) You a r e fighting along interior lines with a good network of roads to expedite movement. Both sides should not forget the s t r a tegic position they hold and the r e c o u r s e that must be followed. retrograde movements. With these thoughts than in mind. - WaterlooA Defensive Strategy by Stan Wolcott With the publication in the l a s t issue of the General of Marc Nicholson's a r t i c l e . Also any offensive on your p a r t i s precluded by the fact of your insufficiency of force. a good portion of the time the U. he would then position other cavalry units in accordance with what he estimates to be the intentions of the French player. the r e v e r s e will be true. player fails to r e t r e a t in an orderly manner. (3) Within a short period. Nicholson. you will seriously delay the progress of the French attack and second. I want to take this opportunity to thank those of you who wrote in and to apologize to those who I was not able to reply personally. As the P-A-A commander you a r e confronted with the dilemma of having to face a numerically superior a r m y . in the succeeding three rounds the U. Both sides add to their e r r o r s bynot using the built-in Tactical tools which come with the game. Nebraska EDITOR covering North Dakota. will not be able to capture Bastogne by the third turn. a s these constitute the greatest t r i a l for this method of defense. Nebraska. for this i s integral to the wise placement of not only the delaying units but the main body of the a r m y itself. I was prompted tovoice my own thoughts on the subject. Making them a s the AH t e r m says. F o r c e s along the line with his l e s s e r units. Especially a t the Northwest c o r n e r where the Sambre and Meuse Rivers combine to f o r m a natural stronghold. S. Kansas. I would enjoy hearing any comments on i t and a l s o ideas which you have yourself. In actual play the delaying tactics take the form of placing the numerous P-A-A cavalry units in such a way a s to impede the French advance. which if the German player ever manages to get his 20 units ( r e g u l a r ) o r 50 factors Panzer (Tournament) over will leave the U. player to avoid i s if a l l i s going bad elsewhere on the board and the German . the French timetable for attack may be upset f o r several moves. F o r r e a sons of morale and politics you a r e prohibited f r o m making any l a r g e scale. I find i t h a r d to s e e i t s efficacy. control of Bastogne could be his in a m a t t e r of three turns with very little effort o r m a t e r i a l s involved. I cannot reinterate too highly the importance of properly estimating the enemy's intentions. Idaho. True. Utah. but what after that? The P-A-A commander will probably find himself having to stave off a major French onslaught with only his light Anglo-Allied units. Here. South Dakota. Other major tactical e r r o r s that the German player makes while being so engrossed in beating back the U. This procedure i s continued until either the delaying units a r e exhausted o r the enemy comes into contact with the main elements of the army. l e t u s r e examine the situation carefully. I feel that the P-A-A player i s actually defeating himself by following such a course of action. player can hold back the G e r mans in rough t e r r a i n where their defense factors a r e automatically doubled. player frequently makes into the the mistake of putting his battle. I'm pleased to r e p o r t that I've received a l a r g e and favorable response from wargarners throughout the country. and (4) Time i s on your side. PAGE 5 nent. until such time that i t can bring up enough units to turn to the offensive and drive the Germans back. By such a doctrine of defense you will accomplish two important things.S. One final e r r o r for the U. The Solution Our solution i s logical and immedia t e and s o obvious a s to be overlooked . "A tough NUT to crack!" If the German player hadn't made the m i s take. As .you will remember. Also. After observing the French 7:00 AM move. Colorado. player a r e forgetting toprotect the r e a r and flanks f r o m U. F o r c e s e a r l y in the game with his weaker units while his heavier units vanguard a c r o s s the Our River. Close attention must be placed to wide enveloping movements. F o r example. The Virtues of the System In the main then.S. F i r s t . Washington. In r e g a r d to my l a s t column. i s on the defense and i t s job i s to check the German onslaught along a defensive line for a s long a s i t can with a minimum of units. delaying tactics were embodied inNicholson1s plan. may garner victory: ( 1 ) You a r e in possession of strong defensive positions. player completely unable to get at them. The German's position meanwhile i s to c r a c k thru the b a r r i e r s in his way to the objectives by concentrating his heavy units towards those a r e a s while occupying the U. 0.m. West Stan Wolcott P.S. F o r example. I will say that although I applaude its originality. player who does not seek to get a s many "Engages" a s possible will not hold the Germans back o r kill time till h i s r e i n forcements come. none else i s certain. S. Instead of maintaining adequate Reserves on board to reinforce the weak spots in thefront line and seconda r y defense lines in c a s e of breakthroughs. S. Canada.S. S. reinforcements will bring parity and eventually superiority over your oppo- ALL . Thus. One Man's Opinion In closing. Alaska. You do however. Montana.

l a r there a r e four different types of defenses. No dues. Soldier. even r a i d r e a r a r e a s . f o r m weak a r e a s in a l l s q u a r e s of one line. 1958. Texas.. This will make the greedy a t t a c k e r split h i s m a s s in o r d e r to take advantage of the weak spots. i s forming a club in San Diego. Route one. 7370 Cabrillo. After he h a s shifted h i s strength shift y o u r s ( t h r u Wiltz) to the center of h i s line. A s soon a s a player l o s e s one game he d r o p s out of play and i s eliminated. This will make the enemy m a s s and you will be able t o m e e t this attack in one a r e a r a t h e r than in many. a l l s i d e s a r e defended instead of just the front a s in conventional defenses. 1956. This will f o r c e the slower G e r m a n t o run around looking f o r a n opening. A Club in the San F r a n c i s c o Bay A r e a h a s no f e e s collected. The f i r s t of these can b e t e r m e d the "cordon". E n t r i e s a r e limited to those living e a s t of Mississippi. by Capt. We do need s o m e w o r k e r s f o r nonphysical jobs. New Developments In A r m y Weapons. Concise Guide to Military Miniatures An illustrated booklet. Portland. Grand Tactically: Shift your hill positions often.THE GENERAL PAGE 6 to think a little and plan ahead. Strategy F o r The West. 94010. . Ridgway and H a r d d H. S l e s s o r . the a t t a c k e r m e r e l y "nibbles" a t the defender's line. Complete information can b e obtained by writing: J a c k Scruby. It i s a t l e a s t worth a t r y . i s forming one inspokane. 128 W a r r e n S t r e e t . Organization And Equipment. . Also. All e n t r i e s must be postm a r k e d by July 19. T h i s would cripple maneuverability. a l l e n t r i e s m u s t own a t l e a s t 2 of the 4 tournament games. California. especially Spectre. David May.. Nevada. 4004 S. the defender will soon find himself with a h a i r y r e s e r v e and no f r o n t l i n e (according t o Liddell-Hart this would be a p r e c a r i o u s position. a r e now p a r t of a PBM league that h a s Multi-Commander games with The E a s t . The main disadvantage i s that in m o s t g a m e s the defender doesn't have the "gray m a t t e r g 1 . Mass: If you a r e low on units. The two s t r a t e g i c gems I have decided to s h a r e with you a r e a s follows: Spreading: In your line purposely make weak spots. The disadvantages a r e a l s o twofold: if the a t t a c k e r m a k e s a breakthrough t h e r e a r e no r e s e r v e s to stop h i s d r i v e and often. T h i s is a bunch of units a r r a n g e d in checker-board fashion with r e s e r v e s appearing in the c e n t e r . New Mexico. Hillsborough. Tom A. E. Calif. Washington 99016. W. Gerald White. Worley. o r the units t o stage such a marvelous o p e r a tion. A trophy will b e forwarded to the winner. The t i m e gained in maneuvering will m o r e than make up f o r the units lost. - Theory of Defense By Tom B o s s e l e r This i s s u e ' s a r t i c l e will b e mainly concerned with defense and i t s application to the Bulge. . Tactically: Keep your units in compact f o r m . The next defense i s the "reserve". The l o s s of the southern p a r t will not be d i s a s t e r o u s . by holding attacks. S a y r e . The l a s t m a j o r defense I will cover i s the "checkered-line" (B.2 points T a c t i c s I1 . Whenever the enemy m a k e s a breakthrough the r e s e r v e could b e thrown in. B o s s e l e r 5423 Fallbrook Avenue Woodland Hills. P l a y will be resolved by a point basis f o r the following four tournament games: Afrika Korps . Pine S t . Big Commands. F a r East. and t h e i r p r e f e r e n c e of games and s i d e s . t e l l what g a m e s you own and your ability. many t i m e s h e will find homself on the losing s i d e of the casualty list.1 point Gettysburg and Stalingrad will be played with no optional r u l e s . All who have attended a meeting have stayed on because they have s o much fun. the defense will have t o hold the line t o the l a s t man. J r . Marvin L . California EDITOR covering Oklahoma. however. This will f o r c e the G e r m a n t o waste a considerable p a r t of his strength in defending the Clervaux-Diekirch a r e a . T a c t i c s I1 will u s e only the isolation and supply r u l e s .1 point Gettysburg . including Wisconsin and Michigan. to stop it. a l l s t a t e s west of the Mississippi. listing a wealth of s o u r c e s f o r thousands of m i l i t a r y miniatures. Matthew B. 2044 South Linwood. . Meetings a r e e v e r y t h r e e weeks a t m e m b e r s houses. m o s t w a r g a m e r s ' f i r s t thoughts on s t r a t e g y won't b e v e r y profound. The advantages a r e twofold: f i r s t . by Timothy W. Hawaii. The r e s e r v e defense constitutes a weak l i n e with powerful r e s e r v e s . c / o Donald Greenwood. T e r r y G r i n e r . Due t o the s c o r e s of people who have a s k e d m e . J u s t a s m o s t people a r e b o r n young.. All those i n t e r e s t e d shall send a 25C e n t r y f e e (to cover the p r i c e of the trophy). and in Portland. 1966 will win the tournament. I Southwest Club News. This i s m e r e l y a m a s s of units on one line. 1956. G r e e n a c r e s . d e a l e r s and manufacturers of model soJdiers and r e l a t e d a c c e s s o r i e s of v a r i o u s s c a l e s that can b e used in conjunction with board games. Visalia. Strategically: F o r m up in the south and attack toward the Our. 1. ) One of my o t h e r llvisionsllh a s taught m e that one of the m o s t effective def e n s e s i s the llposition". Afrika Korps will u s e the supply r u l e & the B r i t i s h 4-4-7 s t a r t a t Mechili rule. a stamped self-addressed envelope. Soon. Penna. Arizona. . Always attack lone units. he will find this inadequate and t u r n to the all-knowing and prolific editors. Also. this booklet provides a d i r e c t o r y t o the b e s t d e s i g n e r s . Oregon 97214 i s forming one. 92037. This i s nothing but holding a l i n e (by vigorous counter-attacks) until the enemy s u c cumbs t o your s u p e r i o r intellect and stamina. Jr. Reading List. 670 Darre11 R d . LiddellH a r t ' s Strategy). not s i x o r eight divisions. California. As you can s e e . guts. Amen. F u r t h e r m o r e . Jack Greene. The f i r s t t r i t e thoughts that will c r o s s his skull will b e on how to b e s t u s e that new r u l e he found.2 points Stalingrad . Martin. . Contact T h i r d A r m y of P e n n a . A m e r i c a n Defense And National Security. La Jolla. Simple organization. h a s just been r e l e a s e d . The player with the m o s t accumulated points by Sept. If. by A i r M a r s h a l John C. I will now give my opinion on how t o defend in the Bulge. Stanley. Strategy on the Defensive So that h e m a y not become the "vanquished" the defender will often have The Pennsylvania branch of Spectre now wishes to announce the presentation of i t s f i r s t annual tournament f o r Avalon Hill g a m e r s . I think. the a t t a c k e r i s f o r c e d t o attack a v e r y heavily defended a r e a and second. T a c t i c s . H. ~ o n t r a r ~ ~ o p u opinion. 1954. by Gen. Calif. Titled "Concise Guide".

Thus. E. Le Mans. So do us a favor.. This table will cut down on that tremendously. This i s the new Chance Table that I have devised that I feel i s much m o r e in keeping with the approximate r i s k s taken: HOW YOU WIN ~ Ten ~ winners . ~nly one to a subscriber allowed. is the fact that i t is no fun as a twoplayer game. p r i n t your name and addr e s s clearly and make s u r e you l i s t the game you wish a s winning prize.that of letting the driver truly make the decisions while most racing games a r e a l l throw the dice and move. F o r contest purposes. below. The l a s t digit of the sales-in-hundreds column will a c t a s the die roll and when matched up with the Corner Table will tell you whether Or "at You have cornered safely. M. Your efforts might lead to a feature article that can broaden the awareness of the existence AvalOn games' Address your letters Magazines 232 E' Ohio Streets Illinois 60611s Attn: Gifts for Dads & Grads. This tabloid is currently running an interesting series of articles ongamingphilosophy~ ALL Inquiries should be made directly to ALL SportsDigest. e a r l i e s t postmarks decide. 210 W. the higher the r i s k s .. Boston. State I Prize . 12 km. Minnesota. Those who tlo not wish to mutulate their magazine may send a copy o r photostat. Mulsanne Arnage 11 km. he only drawback. Although the military games of Avalon Hill rank over their nonmilitary games. In c a s e of ties. 1 I 1 ' city. 48 Wareham Street. Almost invariably everybody will take almost a l l of the c o r n e r s a gear higher. t h e r e i s a g r e a t deal of enjoyment derived f r o m these. Le Mans offers t r u e racing . CONTEST $8 You a r e in a Mercedes and trailing you begin the last lap at L ~ M Towin.1ty will be inflicted on both a tlwettt sharp corner. August 9. The RACING PLAN lists all the n e r s you must c o r n e r safely before crossing the finish line. They appear there as s%gested gift items Apwas strictly pearance in this It us It certainly i s rewarding to know that Avalon Hill games a r e thought of in such high regard by a magazine that exerts a g r e a t deal of influence on an above -average generation. Many Avalon Hill playe r s have this game in their possession and claim that i t i s quite enjoyable. youfigure youmusttakechances on all remaining corners. the Corner Table. New Bedford. I DiplomacyI All Sports Digest Magazine Endorsement I Published in Boston 1 for Sports Fanatics 1 MAE 7 Information regarding the World War I based cold-hot war game titled Diplomacy can be obtainedfrom: G~~~~ Research. On a wet Hairpin. Naturally..Stock --' ---- RACING PLAN (AH use only) corner 2 km. ~t should be played by six or seven players Working hand-in-hand with several sports game companies is the S o r t s Di est. Winners will be awarded FREE ~ v a l o n =11 games of their choice. in this contest. Corner Table I DIE 1 2 3 4 5 6 SHARP Spin Spin s Pit 6 s s s s s s s HAIRPIN Spin Spin Pit Pit Spt Pit Spt Pit s Crack Up 8 s s s 1 1 Safely Cornered 6 spin o u t 7 Safely Cornered 8 Spin o u t 9 Safely Cornered 0 Safely Cornered 3 km. Baltimore. Md. And write to Playboy to tell them that youquite agree with their taste in games (boardgames. huh. ~h~ chances are the same that a pen.. 1965. In the event that no one reaches the finish line. r I 1 I I I _ . Motorola Sears White Motor Zenith Name j Address chrysler Ford I. willbe named. On the RACING PLAN you must s e l e c t the stock that will act a s the die roll.and a ttwetlt Hairpin. i t s c r i t i c s state. You must select a different stockfor e a c h c o r n e r and they be chosen only f r o m the l i s t below. This contest i s f r e e to all subscrifill in the RACING PLAN bers. Winning entries will be those who get through all of the c o r n e r s safely. The m o r e lethal the turn. a newspaper tabloid pubm : n l y for the enrichment of the sports game aficionado. 28th Street. 4 Spin Out 5 Safely Cornered I Stocks: Ampex G.. Entries must be postmarked no later than sunday. 1965. winn e r s will be those who come closest before spinning out.. Any comments will most gladly be received a t my home address: Ken Hoffman. simply and mail to: The Avalon Hill Magazine. Duluth 12. you must take every c o r n e r safely one gear above specifications. that is). you have a m e r e 20% chance of coming out unscathed.Y.--. 21211. Mass. B. pant) June yet? Then turn to page 153 and check the colorful display of Avalon games.THE GENERAL AH Games Get Playboy Do you have your (snort. ~~~~~t 8. ~h~ CHANCE TABLE f o r taking a corner a gear higher is quite lopsided. ~ LeMans Chance Table One of the least talked about of the Avalon Hill games i s the racing game.. The judges will consult the sales-inhundreds column f o r the closing N. I 1 2 Spin Out 3 Safely Cornered 1 1 1 1 I. 266 Carroll St. 2309East F i r s t St. a s sumes that all of the c o r n e r s a r e dangerously slippery. Massachusetts.-. Stock Exchange transactionsof Monday.

84th Street. 2505 N. New J e r s e y Bruce Baird. ( 3 ) If someone i s slipstreaming your c a r through a corner. Wisconsin Henry H.00 l e s s than the usual retail value of the game. Penna. Box 2553. 287 Bedford Avenue. ) When the r e s t of the c a r s came around. Nebraska 23rd Ave. Wisconsin Victor Madeja. APO New York. because i t is such a challenge to win with such a miserable c a r . Kenneth Bunger. 70 Pinetree Lane. the Jaguar. #3. Discount Offer The Coupon shownbelow i s for the benefit of the full-year subscriber.. l a s t i s s u e ' s contest situation. For your copy. you a r e one turn ahead. move one square. If you take the chance a t the f i r s t opportunity. 6720 Kenosha. Here's how i t works Each coupon i s worth 25f. Willingboro. the f i r s t two. Sometimes they would just l e t a couple of people through and block up the r e s t . Bodenstedt. There a r e more curves on tllis course and a s a result the c a r s tend to stay closer together than they do on &e Le Mans course. New York Ronald Papandrea. then you clip them a l l together and send them in with your o r d e r for an Avalon Hill game. W. instead stop on the "two" and go through a t a chance on the next turn. you simply send u s a check o r money-order for $1. a l l you have to do i s slow down to f i r s t . L. ) Second i s the Cooper.. instead of waiting a turn. Send no money. Write and tell me which c a r s o r which course you like best. G. and the M. Racing Hints for LeMans by Jared Johnson In Le Mans some c a r s a r e better suited for one course than the other. Incidentally.. This results in an automatic smash-up f o r the c a r behind you. HQ. 1SAVE THIS COUPON [ GOOD ONLY WHEN APPLIED TOWARD THE PURCHASE OF AVALON HILL GAMES JULY 1965 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . you a r e entitled to a $1. But if you don't send a return envelope. 54th St. N. the F e r r a r i . So keep us cheerful . it has a weakness in i t s slow s t a r t . thus it i s best to decide which course to r a c e on f i r s t and then choose c a r s . (Technically t h e r e i s nothing illegal about this. Natick. F i r s t the Triumph. The worst c a r s on either course a r e the Austin Healey and the Mercedes.send a r e t u r n envelope to Avalon Hill a t our 210 W. it i s still fun to r a c e with one of these c a r s once in a while. Art Schneider. On the Le Mans course. - Grid-Coordinates for PBM A special "Grid-Coordinate" sheet is now available to subscribers free of charge. ( 4 ) Wait until the l a s t lap to use up a l l of your hard brakings. But one coupon alone does not entitle you to a 25f credit. Attention: "PBM Sheet. I notice that on these c o r n e r s . ) However. the Lotus. This was especially annoying to the person in f i r s t place a s he saw everyone else catching up to him. 3923 P e r r y Street. And for you l o s e r s welcome to the llNapoleonic e r r o r " . (It takes hair-pins safely a t seven. because of i t s "10" when chancing s h a r p corners. Wayne. and Gasometer corners . Bob Collman. 332 Homestead Road. Some Tips on Playing ( 1 ) (Mirabeau. most players who could have moved one square into the corner on the outside by taking a chance. You must accumulate 4 different coupons before taking advantage of the $1. Coupons a r e valid only when o r d e r ing games by mail directly from The Avalon Hill Company. When ordering in this manner. 28th Street. the s a m e c a r s a r e among the best. Then you won't have to make a pit stop. because of their high top gear. Mass. and the other two because of their combination of both high safe and high chance movement r a t e s . Their mood worsens when your correspondence contains no money. ( 2 ) In a close r a c e (unless i t i s the l a s t lap) it i s even more important to r i s k Mirabeau corner in order to beat the other r a c e r s through Station. you can speed up and automatically spin out. The winners a r e : . By the time the ensuing argument was over. Tremont Street. Freehold. Coupons can not be redeemed a t any retail outlet. Denver. I do not count the two "split-up" c o r n e r s . the t r a c k was blocked up and nobody could get by. 4105 N. ) This keeps players f r o m becoming discouraged too easily. In the l a t t e r case. Warren. and Tactics I1 (Weather Table). ) This will result in pit stops f o r them but not for you. . Maryland address. none felt like playing anymore. I have played several games on the Le Mans course where the two players in l a s t place decided to ruin the game by slowing down to f i r s t gear and moving one square per turn. Rt. They can either slow down (sometimes clear to f i r s t g e a r ) o r go ahead and chance Station also.hairpins). Washington. 303 15 Austin Dr. Omaha. Station. and when they don't even find a return envelope a macabre atmosphere pervades. Brooklyn. - . I would like to hear f r o m other L e Mans fans. Personally I prefer the Monte Carlo course. However. please send a self-addressed envelope with a 5f stamp stuck firmly to it. Stalingrad (Weather Table). Enunclaw. and l e t the other c a r s pile into you. As soon a s you have accumulated 4 such caupons. Liebl. 86 Manalapan Avenue. By moving into the one-car wide section f i r s t . but two more must be added to the list. This sheet outlines grtd-coordinates for all seven AH games that can be played by mail. If this c a r gets into the lead it i s almost impossible to catch. J r . and spin out. (There a r e t h r e e m o r e s h a r p c o r n e r s on the Monte Carlo course than on the Le Mans.00 credit.00 discount applied to the purchase of any Avalon Hill game. Colorado. you're in trouble. Jared Johnson. It doesn't s e e m to make any difference since it i s one square longer around the outside anyway. Robert S. (At l e a s t i t looks that way. you present the c a r s behind you with a tough decision. Massachusetts L a r r y Little. when they get way behind.THE GENERAL PAGE 8 a r e the best c a r s (in that o r d e r ) . Europe. J e r s e y l s t / L t . Contest #7 Ends in 12-Way Tie The following players came up with the optimum solution for "Bonapartels Bungle". 2nd MI Bn (ARS). When you have accumulated 4 coupons. Wauwatosa. Baltimore. On the Monte Carlo course. l each from this and succeeding i s s u e s . Michigan Ralph Fellows. Our normally pleasant staff can understandably be out of s o r t s e a r l y in the morning when opening the mail. Paul Mitchell. Duxbury. It also includes the brand new Play-by-Mail chance tables for Afrika Korps (Supply Table). and i t ' s natural to put things off. which often r e s u l t s in taking a s many a s three turns to crawl out of a corner in f i r s t gear after a spin out. (They won't be able to shift down in the corner. But suppose you spin out. MacMuroy.

o r jiversionary assaults. the turning movement threatens his lines of supply and communication. If i t were not holding El Adem. in late July. It i s in fact the quickest way to defeat one's own a r m y (if that course of a c t i o n i s pursued). In this attack the U. i t s identity i s determined by its objective. . but in a l l probability would not be able to r e f o r m on a North-South defensive until they had been pushed back too Mechili. In few AH war games a r e frontal attacks suitable as even secondary. With the use of a turning movement. As a n example of what problems this movement can present to an enemy. Tactics on Afrika Korps by John Finoh Below you will find a detailed debcription of w i c k Opener" which is a plan for the e a r l y capture of Tobruch by the Afrika Korps. 22nd A. the 4th Indian (along with two flank units) can move to and around the German flank while the 18th infantry and two divisions. the suddenly beleaguered force can escape. Pennsylvania 17543. The actual reason behind this i s that a t r u e frontal attack i s made with tvail: able strength disposed equally along t h e front. and i t is a holding attack (under the supposition that the main attack i s on the f a r flank) with the intention of holding the heavy German forces in position. In diagram B. although i t makes no difference whether the troops had attacked f r o m different sect o r s ( s q u a r e s ) o r f r o m a l l sectors.W-8 HI-3 . nor if more units had been thrown into the line. B. The final point to be made h e r e i s the fact that a turning movement need not penetrate the enemy's r e a r s o f a r a s this one. o r in a despetate l a s t lunge a t the enemy aenter when a l l else has failed to break h i s ranks. . Howe v e r . the 50th and the 2nd South Africans. the key to this particular movement i s the 7 t h b a t t a l i o n of the 2nd South African. The value of this maneuver cannot be s t r e s s e d too strongly. with the British 7th in Tobruch and the Australian 7th keeping Rommel's r e connaissance busy in the Msus a r e a . the advance might have tnoved further west before cutting north. (This a s s u m e s the Germans fail to receive supply f o r a t l e a s t two m o r e turns and that the British p r e s s their advantage. 112 S. The necessary depth of penetration i s relative to the situation. S. b i a g r i m A:' the situation after m e l ' s 2nd July movement. Diagram C: a U. if a t all.. In this diagram i t is the U. om- ~ i a ~ r a B: m the situation after the British 2nd July (turning) movement. the underlying motives of how the advance was c a r r i e d out a i e thus: with the July reinforcements due to a r r i v e . on his 2nd July turn Romme1 decides to close the distance between his a r m y and his foes.This movement is a close cousin to envelopment. s m a l l e r forces can "urge" a strongly situated foe f r o m his position by threatening his lines of supply and/or communication. the German-Italian force could escape to f o r m a new line immediately to the west (this time with mountains on both flanks).THE GENERAL PAGE 9 Tactics & Strategy-Part by David B. Lititz. the disposition and number of troops in the a s s a u l t was dependent upon the tactical situation the American David commander wished to instigate.S. turn. Therefore. however. M. a tradition which seldomfails to hold credence. The frontal a s s a u l t is generally used In either of two instances: a s the sec3ndary (or holding) attack. They have a history of high casualty r a t e s . this situation i s s e t up: Rommel. Whiskeyman 2 This i s the second in a s e r i e s of articles dealing with offensive and defensive maneuvers. usually forcing the opposing force to abandon ihe otherwise advantageous position. the British make their move. f o r c e s were equally disposedalong the line. Diagram C shows a frontal attack a s made i n T h e Battle of the Bulge. Broad Street. A p r i l .seldom stands a chance of breaking the enemy ranks. In the meankhile. the frontal attack . Now. the offers this opportunity. Whiskeyman..F i r s t German Turn Rommel (Giving a l l Axis unit8 a two move bonus)--Then to (Covering the Home B a s e ) . However. fill in the gap. the remaining portion of the Eighth Army r e t i r e d to the Libyan border. Whereas the envelopment seeks the enemy's destruction in position. As i s i s . S. . made one a s s a u l t against the f o r t r e s s before his supply problems reached the point where he could do no more than keep the d e s e r t port under seige. holding attack in the Battle of the Bulge. Turning movements. ) Although this maneuver s e e m s v e r y s i m i l a r to a n envelopment r e m e m b e r i t s objective makes the distinction. The maneuver presently concerned with i s . having reached Tobruch too l a t e to make an easy capture. Frontal Attacks--Perhaps the poore s t type of assault. for i t can take ( o r regain) l a r g e a r e a s without actually engaging the enemy.

Meanwhile the Italians advance.K-3'5 .Tobruch 9A/20 . Lancers and Archers. D.C-10 -1-2 - The 22 GDS unit is eliminated while the Ariete unit prevents the encirclement of the 21st Division. Arkansas. Weiss. D Hood C-5. C Arethusa B-7. Pa. However. C D-8*A Kg.18. Any comments may be a d d r e s s e d to: John Finch. C Dorsetshire D-5. April-Second German Turn W-5 (Giving Supply #2 a two Rommel move bonus) Then to W-3 (Covering the Home B a s e ) - -- 2113 2115 211104 Afiete Supply # l Supply #2 -F-17 -F-17 -F-17 -F-14 . now six months old. C Rodney F-5. Write to: Avalon Hill PBM League. Galatea E-8. therefore the attack on Tobruch should be completed by this time. A-7--A-g--B-8--E-b--E-B second i s the regroup phase. C Suffolk B-5. we have received quite a number of l e t t e r s f r o m s u b s c r i b e r s who have designed their own battle games. C Hermione E-5. 22 Woodcrest Drive. elim. we feel we would be doing you subscribe r s an injustice if we did not. D Dorsetshire D-6. A Aurora D-8. A major World War game between England and Japan.J-33 -J-33 . C D-5* C Kg. the 22 GDS unit i s overextended to protect the coast road a t Tmimi. simply drop us a line and we'll be glad to include mention of it in future issues. A~ril-First Allied Turd 7A/1 7A/2 4115 4117 41/11 POL - . B Repulse D-7. French. C Kenya C-8. C P r . f i r s t i s the difusion phase Rodney E-5. a t least. D Victorious D-6. This i s where 'Operation Churchill' comes in. The league's main function i s to a c t a s a coordinating center for players who wish to m e e t competition on the s a m e level with their own ability. D if s t i l l lost.10 . Huntington. while the 213 unit i s useless without northern support. Because of the l a r g e concentration of Axis troops nearby the other Allied f o r c e s a r e obliged to protect the Salum P a s s . Hilary Smith. believe that the B i s m a r c k must be found immediately and then.Same . Geo. League Going Strong The Huntington PBM League.A Ramillies G-4.Same . C Ramil1ies G-3. we'd say that this s e e m s to be a favorite pastime for many of you. C only unexplored a r e a s . the Italians a r e able to s e a l off Bengasi. Bethesda 14.Tobruch 212SG auto. And another naval game. Garland. Ladue. be brought to action. the German 15th Division and possibly m o r e supplies will a r r i v e . A or C Thus the B i s m a r c k i s found in two t u r n s a t the most and the time element i s on the side of the British. a game depicting the actual battles fought by the ancient Greeks and P e r s i a n s .=us Brescia Pavia Savena Trenta -5-3 -J-3 .. We a r e therefore listing the names of those who we know have designed competant games in their own right. Bismarck i s in B-8. - No r e s i s t a n c e can be offered a t the Mechili P a s s . the 9A/20 led units must attack o r r e t r e a t . which was llvacatedllby the 22 GDS. 1 Do-it-Yourselfers Design Own Battle Games Since the inception of The General. 37 Greenway North. Missouri.G-18 2/2SG Bengasi K-18 2 13 7/31 Motor H 1 8 Supply # 1. I have used compass bearings in. c P r . g r e a t Winston Churchill who was the Admiralty's champion f o r the persuit of the Bismarck. Texas has thought up a World War I1 game that begins play in 1939.Mechili . R.K-3 -J-3 I I I Operation Churchill by Richard L. B Birmingham A-8.J-33 . April-Second Allied Turn 7A/ 1 7A/2 4115 4117 41/11 POL . C Suffolk B-6. Chariots. And to all the others who a r e looking f o r opponents to t e s t out your own games with. The 21st advances to G. It may be split into two moves. 39 14Ashville. I. a t the soonest favorable moment. Dalton I have named this strategy in honor of the late. Meylan. patterned after Midway. Using the '9-area defense' the Bismarck can be dealt with v e r y easily. C Manchester A-7. It i s a sometimes thing. played on a huge 44" x 90" map of 1/4" squares. c Victorious E-5s C Hermione E-5.K-35 . of Wales C-6. B Birmingham B-7. Little Rock.THE GENERAL Ariete Suo~lv #l -I L 3 . 12 Archwood Drive. Box 572. C Manchester A-6.Tobruch 213 . #1. has gathered interested m e m b e r s f r o m all over the nation. Mathew Buvnoski's Tactics and Strategy (January '65 i s s u e ) i s a fine basic plan but the part of " F i r s t Move1# i s uncertain and could prove a failure. make you aware of these games.5-62 Supply # 1 & 2 .D Re~ulseD-7sA Edinburgh F-6. The playing pieces of this game include T r i r e m e s (ships having t h r e e banks of o a r s ) . Albany New York. By u s e of the Rommel unit. It will be a fullmonth before Allied reinforcements a r r i v e . left to chance. like he. These units therefore r e t r e a t to Tobruch since only poor r e s i s t a n c e i s possible on the surrounding escarpment. B NorfolkA-5. 7805 Maple Ridge Road. coast road and by skirting west of Agedabia along the coast. Indiana 46750. We couldn't possible describe a l l of the games in The General.Same . has been designed by William C. Salamis & Thermopylae. Maryland has come up with a 3' x 5' map of Europe.Same -5-62 By s e a to ~bbruch 22 GDS . C F o r c e H H-5. Best Stalingrad Defense Ever by Ron Bullis I have devised the following Stalingrad initial placement which i s one of the best t h e r e i s . D Aurora C-7.H-3 -C.Tobruch - -- - Except for the s e a t r a n s f e r . David Nelson. of Wales C-7. Cavalry. British and Italian commanders.G-2 Bologna Brescia Pavia Savena Trenta . C Norfolk A-6. however. V D-6. And f r o m the number of blank Unit Counter sheets and hexagon sheets that a r e o r d e r e d f r o m u s . i s the brainchild of Michael R. At the beginning of May. leaving two divisions a t Bengasi. Geo. V E-6. His 10-member club has been working on this game for over a year and the game provides f o r Russian. has been designed by Lawrence Wolfe.A Edinburgh F. the All i e s respond normally.6. Box 52. Hershey. C Kenya C-8.Tobruch 7/31 Motor . German.stead of a grid-coordinate because of .b e t t e r than any that have appeared in the "General" anyhow.5. He does not need to fight a t night and can u s e this time a s a breather period for r e grouping his f o r c e s f o r his daylight attacks. D F o r c e H H. C Arethusa B-6. A B i s m a r c k type game has been designed by Robert Bickel and James Maxeiner.

N. Y . 4759 Hersbolt Conn. Joln the l a r g e Afrika Korps. P l e a s e contact Dana ing to be defeated. ~ :. Clinton Matthew@. name. N. game.i. 1743 N. ). so i n two PBM games = .. have won 2 A. . Windyhill. . . ~ e n n s y l v m i a . Robert MurFootball Strategy). Va. I a m r e f e r r i n g to Drive. 02332. f o r d Ave. Lafayettc. live or b y m a i l . C e m e t e r y Ridge or on the beaches of Gilbert.ide. like t o help u s toward the 250-0 mark . to H. B r i t i s h in the Libyan D e s e r t . or write: Bruce Stalingrad. ~ i ~ ~ ~ T~~~~ Army. 63Mt. g a m e n e . FROM: r e n t h my ~ ~ a d ~ u a ~ t e r s . is kept. N. . to run the gauntlet of d e f e n s e by the w r i t e or c a l l Bill Rabe. Pe.pe~". the-fleeh player. wanted: Opponent to play-by-mail or our Commander-in-Chief.S.. r l e . g r i d Bystem...m. e i t h e t side. Telephone 239.~986. Write. c a l i f .H. . Alaska..a 3-3072. Contact Benjamin R. w r i t e t o m a c h t ) c h a l l c n ~ e s any club*that will one to any Avalon Hill w a r game. f o r " b o o t r l c a m p s a r e i n existance. will take e i t h e r eide. Wisconsin. contests. ~ ~ ~ and Jim~ ~ G.sary. No experience needed. P. Phone 8948877.i l l play on any sldc. portland. C 1 0 Ralph Fellows.A Division o f spectre. and a i r c r a f t 1641. N. ~ ~ ~ s s : ~ : Penna. in 'Battle of t h e B u l g e u s i n g t h e t o u r n a o r the B r i t i s h in Afrika Korps. A m e r i c m E m of D-DAY. 07038. P e o p l e o f wargaming club please contact David Either side. Avenue. ~ l c a s s . 41 Orchard A s p e c t r e A r m y h a s been f o r m e d A m e r i c m * i n the Ardenne* (tourn.. ~ merit a n ~ ~ contact ~ ~ a r r y d . Contlct: Lt. They haven E l s f Campbell Ave. above a d d r e s s .. ! All those wishing t o b e p i g s k i n p l a a t e r e d f i c i l l r u l e s and 2nd Edition PBM ddm -tivjcctiv. Anyone in area of Mass. 1196 Hartr o l l St. J o h n S i l v e r t Chnrlotfesville. Any Vernon ~ f player. If N. from some . Buffalo. A L Rd. 54935.. A s k for D~~~ ~ ~ . 14226. d r e s s on an index c a r d (3 x 5 ) with l i s t Avc. L496 H a r t f o r d Ave. 16832 Janine Dr. 1 would e a s t Atlanta 29. g a m e s .Sorry.. in my area. P live 8bst. Hillsborargh. takk the Allies to a clob vs. t 0. " ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ " = . Seattle ~ 0 n c . OR CALL 698-6300. Gen. . Corprrs d ~~ l ~ ~ 1 . h l l ~. STALINGRAD. The r e p r e s e n t a t i v e arrives the ponents to cut fledgling PBM teeth.6893. 762 19th St. All wishing to with e a s t . 9062). Phone.e a s t of the M i s s i s s i p p i ! ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ 128 l warren ~ d street. 7 0 1 the M a r c h i s s u e of t h e General. Maas. 91745. Also. y . 935-5811 (Age 15). : : I". ~ ~ ~ 4413 ~ willow ~ wooda .tested '58 (Union). ~&qichigln Attention a l l G e r m a n G e n e r a l s wishing w. We play a l l A.crn"a. w r i t e to: =ddie Robishelux.xi Hunt' l W 7 Baatogne d e f e n s e s o r p l s h the enemy as possible. Cedar Falls. Maes. naval. Will feet allowing the high common to take RaY Wolo@zyn. 11D-Day* Stalingrad. N. The game. ~ o r DadBe.i~~ - All above ads a r e inserted a s a f r e e service to fun-year subscribers. donate t h e i r blood on the 0 1 laughing yourself t o death t r y William divieions.ation i s i n cfhave 14 very few opponents. hexagon eheets. and than words. or call: w r i t e t o Stanley D.. 14226. C u r i o u s ? Send s e l f a d d r e s s e d . pbm sy*tem). ~ a i " 04103.Y. Ads must be typewritten and limited to 50 words maximum. brilliant 0 b e r Kommand with a Fifth w r i t e a p0.09223.omcone x a m i n s k i . I' O r Cetty'burg We m u s t f r e e the S o i t h and d r i v e out tothere Jon Vogel.. T * I f t h e r e i s i a n y T ' e p a " i e r .m y . Ads will not be repeated f r o m issue to issue.. Birsan.E. Play Tactic.S. d optional ~ r u l e * please Jackson. 22 place. done t o You* specifications. Send your n a m e and a d Ed Hughes and L. . 9 Church St. Va.temn we use allows very f a e t play. J a c k Greene. 93257. as TACTICS 11. Stalingrad. Wieeonsin. a g e . . OPPONENTSWANTED OPPONENTS WANTED OPPONENTS WANTED T h e Need opponents badly.af. I will take planning a multi-player. zation to their downfall with sue13th of June and l e a v e s the 15th of July. 2005 body i n t e r e s t e d please contact Dean my n e a r e s t ~t Pennsylvanian. 18 y e a r s or older if i n t e r e s t e d c a l l ~ ~ ~ ~ . ~ i ~ d * "N. D-Day. staunton.. experi*poke*man of World Conquests Inc. of TL. w e have excellant . John R.W.!= Column must be stopped. l e o t your aide. ngamst s p e c t r e led by ~~i~~ H in TACTICS. 20011. Strategy cams club. Station Rd. C a m p Hill. Mill Valley. Virginia 22902. Any apecific r u l e s you ing1936 w i t h 8 p l a y e r s a n d e i m u l t a n e o u s ~ l ~ this ~ means i ~ ~ . 68 ~ r 0 . with the Weather option u. J r . i d ~ a ~ b 303 i ~ . and this will simplify the task of anyone setting this perfect system up. ane living i n t h e portlandarea ~ h plays o M a . E x p e r i e n c e not n e c e s s a r y if one exist. St. o r 'start one of Hickok... ponenta in n i l AH w a r g a m e s except ford* L5522. Opponent wanted f o r p l a y b y m a i l g a m e mm. write to Randy Holmes. N~ experienccnece.m. resident8 join SOLDIERS OF THE SOUTH A R ~ ~ ~ !8-d. W I I .m y .. Haven. " ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ s u ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . . place. place. Send hot parThe D e s e r t Vampire wiahes t o F o r W e s t e r n e r s .. Baffle of the Bulge. Bedcludes blank battle. U . Wanted: Play-By-Mail Allied player m c e . .led i t be in the ~ e s e r t a A. GetC O ~ . e~pe:::~::' l :~:' ~ pr~::~~ e ~ . c h i c a g o . rind I h o w i t can be A r e . e i t h e r in BULGE. T u l s a . 4405 D r i f t m o d ."tK~bllt~~~c. I a m willing to join any a l l Union f o r c e s anywhere. N.twm:dC : . any side. Buffalo.. U i n t e r e s t e d c o n t a c t B o b E m m e r s . and a r t w o r k Iowa. . v I P00rly developed. 2-10 27th Calif. 221 -1home f o r r while thi* s u m m e r . write tm K ~ . To be beaten Inywargame. Hoffman. We will play ~ i a m a r c k . in only to member..t c a r d t o Jay Hawkin=. 'lorida. and Grand Fenwick. 501 r a i r w a y Waltham. or ace-to-Face only) ed envelope to: Dan Drewek."~Zi'. Wi. w r i t e to h i m sa soon as po*siblc.Y.eriou. p-b. that he will use STALINGRAD inotead 1 1 . 311 Weat and T ~ X Wargarners ~ S should write. on 181and c i t . would like to t r y a m o r e sophisticated 1hy. We battle games and a l l challenges. in~ l p i n e ~ o a d . 72 ~Coventry Circle. Noith..election of 0 r e c o r d a t stake.. 74 woodland R d .. 4 T ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Trem ~ b l a y . Bulge. bassy. Cal. Calif. Michigan please o r hone 385-7414. Maas. 63 pinebook D ~ . . 16827. Afrika K o r p s w i t h lnoPPonent who live* Ronald A. like to s t a r t a N o r t h e r n V i r g i n i a AH in Person Or Preferably loo. 2126 A n g e l c r e s t Dr. Willingboro. AH type movement and hexa ames. . Randol h. North capital a n d beg a l l to fight. T h e r e a r e no d u e s a t thia t i m e so don't t o play and o r a l l A v d o n Hill game. played and your Of to the shores Of NormmdY.~ntIh. 02154. Send T O a l l sane Avalon Hill P l a y e r s . A~~~~~ i n t e r e s t e d w r i t e .H. r o f Our s t a t e ( ~ c rh eate ~a t one lives 8 0 ~~i~~ =ibby. 2100 table enly. 70 P i n e petition involving Stalingrad.774-6047. Aetoria. Topsfield. Send acceptance o r f i r s t l S v ebeen waitimg s i n c e the i n v a s i a f o r joaeph picariello.C. ~ a a . contact: Defend your confederate honor contact J. Christi. Amemon.. Stanford. Arizona. G-3. K=ieg. no play-by39th s t r e e t . want to use.. P I ~ ~ . i Calif. Don't everyone take L e t the f a c t s s p e a k f o r themselves. AH g a m e s . Midway. only please. a t the ANYONE who plays AH g a m e s within s i t e of the o r i g i n a l Battle. phone f 963-0106. Milwaukee. 94010.C. i s *y. Oklahoma 74114. however s u b s c r i b e r s may re-submit the s a m e a d for each succeeding issue. 7 opponenteneeded badly. 94305. on the noble of Gettysburg. Gettysburg ('62). J.d is completely in the A1ameda-contl costa llUb Tn offenses as p h m b . All i n t e r e s t e d in details mand staff i n the Seattle area..l to pl. ~ o b i n s o n . St.. . J. m y number.. THE ROGUES of C h l r l o t t e s v i l l c a r e a r m y i n existance. 2233 South Louisville. Box 6.y. up of SPECTRE f o r c e s . Scotlmd. 4-6-6 4-6-6 5-7-6 5-7-4 4-6-6 4-6-6 4-6-4 I 1 PAGE 11 Lwow 5-7-4 5-7-4 Cernauti Cernauti 4-6-4 Kiev 5-7-4 5-7-4 Kiev Bucharest 5-7-4 4-6-4 2W Odessa 2 W Odessa 4-6-4 2W Odessa 4-6-4 BILitovsk 4-6-4 13 SE 5-7-4 13 SE BILitovsk 5-7-4 13 SE BILitovsk 7-10-4 4 SE Cernauti I find that this defense has numerous 1 SW 2 W 1 NE 6 SW 6 SW 6 NE 5W 2 SW 1E 1W 3 SW 1 NE 1 NE 1 NE 1 SE 1 SE 2 SE 9W 14 NE 4 W 7 E 1 NW 1 NW 3 NE Archangel Riga "NE" Lake Onega Tampere Leningrad Leningrad Konigsberg OPPONENTSWANTED 9W Daugavpils Riga Kaunas Vilnius Minsk Kaunas BILitovsk BILitovsk BILitovsk BILitovsk BILitovsk BILitovsk BILitovsk Kiev OPPONENTSWANTED To: Virginians From: Larry s. ~ooking f o r the beet most a b l e ( s i c ) opEd 'lo S' St'. Multi-commandgames ~ ~ ~ binept l c ein e r a ~l ~ ~ ishes to t i c u l a r s t o cold northland in care of h i s Blood Bank. with a n y s i d e ~ a c t i e s11. Hoffman. Writr will also take and destroy any club Contact The Third ArmyTPenna. t 2225Kcyss thinks he c a n c h a n g e the o s h o ~ l d o r w h o ~~d~~ T Caithness. although deaigned to offer a c h a l l e n g e Matthew Buynoski. Anydesperately in "eed of in-person washington. signed e s p e c i a l l y f o r m. ~ mexpcricncedwargdmerswhomlny mail. A r m of C e n t r a l * P a . Calif. send blood type N. A S p e c t r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e will be sent Would like to e s t a b l i s h a combat = o m D~eichnrganieediaFargeas. Will be Russiana in STAL. d i ~ n11. 17011. club comDuxbury.. Minnesota 55116. Also need OP~ h i a Nation! ) ~n A. :. BurstF* Virginia Sector of Staff* Subject: information Of fast growing war game' O r Baniration is at L a r r y J o e Bvratyn 6103 P i n t o P l a c e Springfield. must stepps of R U S S ~ ~ We d e s i r e d . any one of the t h r e e .. or Write: Pat Carrick. m e e t new oppenenta and new horizons. 1 Uke 01 ~ i in spain ~ dur. ~ re you enjoying your LexingtonBlvd.rm*n). . D. 10538. E n t i r e l y new. Minnesota.. or give good fight to Hacineda Hei hts.B ~ . Virginia. l".. ~ l ~ m i ~ ~ pieces. w a t e r l o o . I won't be traveling d i s t a n c e of ~ e w ~edfo~d. . Harrisburg. A unique orgmi.." -* Y. Write or c a l l Robert We have and will defend the Nation's Annandale.e in the orw r i t e or call: en off man.M 16 wiililm s t . s n re. Y. or but momeone e1. a bnnle yet and Include name. 298-3548.O. YernonRd. m y AH g a m e or invention you or I own. 48-20 the Russians.THE GENERAL the numberous grids now being used.c. willing to our Yankee ( F o r the ignorant. ' e n a t 2533 F l a i r Knoll Drive. ~ f r i k a~ o ~ p s I. s t a m p Matthew Buynoski.. ~ i l l ~ . ~ ~ c r e e~ k . write. N. please contact me a t once! to Arizona. 8th Gainesville. Oakton. er Of 'I' D-DAy and We p r e f e r to have the G e r m a n s in XK l e t that stop you f r o m contacting m e . Attention Confederate Army C a m of Afrilra Korps or D . and 1. 3. s . P i e r r e Noye*. Sorry. 670 DarAnchorage. I would like t o f o r m a club or join one n u m b e r s in yovr s t a t e .H. ne the . F e e l f r e e . Saint Paul. completely r e v i s e d line n l i n o i s 60622. p r e f e r a Tournament game of of Attention a l l AH p l a y e r s in the Twin Anyone F o r T o t a l W a r ? Tactics-11 all Either t ~ S b u r g64* and Afrilu Korps. 0. I B a t t l e s ! E n l i s t In The T h i r d A r m y Of Telephone. Opponentswanted. 1914. wood s t .. whittiWh If you are i n t e r e s t e d i n joining n AH those who f e a r quick annihilation. Phoenix. WaterJoin t h e undefeated Royal of of the Capital-Michigan intersec. ~ ~ I every Hill organib c r . BULGE. BOX 246. but will t a k e e i t h e r aide. Penna. w a r p m c s .. but it will be useful. or by t h e ord dent own. movement. y a r r own.53217. N. Also m y r e g u l a r and optional 1961 Rulca. Ads received a f t e r the 15th of the month preceding publication will appear in the following issue. ~ ~ nd.ds t . H e r e ' s a chance f o r someone t o play t r e e La. 0 play Afrika K o r p o r StallnWill 1 ¶ ' h e T i m e December 16. F o r SamT h e OKW ( O b e r k o m m m d o dcr WchrWarmongera. YOU! Contact John Hall. Opponent. I have only the 2nd nlinois now... .. write: the Bulge. Falconer. 0:5@0 =me. write' of products and P r i c e s just out! Inor write. H u r r y . t . .~ y e . " I m p r c ~ a b l e " S t e r r e t t .in person. 5-2866. play-by-mail F o r d e t a i l s and Instruction. l ~ b a s i c ) Your choice and a11 sf Optional ~ a d i s o n i a n . (except ~ i e u c h e s s ) . Jr. destroy. a d d r e s s . andStalingrad. (Nuside. Portervill*. Scability b e c a u s e netions apeak louder Southern Oklahoma. P. P. t t .~~~~i~~. A.. and o b l i t e r a t e this v i l e nationwide club.. (992ganization will contact you..lingrrd" or "Afrika Korps". closta. pleaee pg. 266 c a r Write: B r u c e F . 41 o r c h a r d J~~ ~ ~ t P. Opponents are wmted for of KORPS. Will win Games. D-Day. Big commands. 682 Oakmolt. the mzmbers of the Willingboro ~ i ~ u -~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ k Bo~ . Send opening m o ~ e t so games this s u m m e r ? Join our club and The MIT War G a m e s Society and D~~ plenty of ( 6 yrs. B~~~~ Creek. U s e the supply r u l e on game similar to J o n P a r i c a ' s e x c e p t KPGA.by. 1908QuincySt. To reach the M e " .ed. Pen"'y1vania' D-DAY. N. The pbm (if you have a p N E SUBJECT: w h e r e are you? w e need just scrolls t h e Mediterranean f r o m the ~ o n dd u Lac. 4300 Northwood Drive. ~ ~ ~ of ~ . 3422 RowndStreet. Y A f r i h Korp*(Allie*I.. Anyone i n t e r e s t e d should OKW.. J i m D.i. move t o H. not eight learn s t d i n g r a d . n i c k YOU^^.mia. 823 I r t h r e p t h i s move. to e v e r y player. c l e a r provimion m a y be excluded f o r c a l l TU 6. vGginia.t d l ~ ~ toplaySTALINGRAD. 3709 Wallingford N. c i t y area or the suberbe. P .~ IG. (ME-2-1782). 63 ~ t . u t c h m o n t re11 Rd. with the letter now Inthe C o d . 22150 Sorry.. I a m alsousing the attack-defense-movement factors instead of identification for e a s i e r setting i t up. r u l e s .il: manders your e i t h e r *id=. Arneson. D . e . B i s m a r c k . Mass. this fantastic organization. and Phone 98103. c l o D a v i d L. and Midway Washington 2. d o h e r e b y challenge anyNot going t o boast of g r e a t tactical TO: AII A H players in e a s t e r n and ples and f u r t h e r information.S.. Only one ad per subscriber per issue i s allowed. Ted Pittman.*piel Bund are putting t h e i r 150=dvantlge of c v e r y o n s ' ~ability whether teach talent. ~ . Wolbach. Call 266-1970. improved only by p r i h l experience... can b e ==aily s e t up. 8th Ave. tion i n ~ ~ t c rte e k l . NEEDSYOU! Joinin t h e s u m m e r buildKindig. T e x a s 78411 Today! Will u * e e i t h e r side. GOC. 60045 for details on how to help stop If YOU wish to engage our G e r m a n A r m y now r e a d y t o play the G e r m a n s ~n Bulge Box 353. U you don't mind S a m Leakin. AFRIKA KORPS.H. We. ) Ed D o t o d i e ? ~ e n e n l . a d d r e s s . ATTENTION AMERICANS! SPECTRE mail. c o u n t e r s . record. mein. 1706 Old F o r g e Road..W. if any. Hoff. m i e. IOWANS wanted in the Black Hawk F r a n c e (as the allies). Boalsburg. 51022. Also. Northopponents f o r the following g a m e r . and Midway. p l a y e r s across the r i v e r i n Wisconsin. I Allies in D-DAY. Wenham R d . This game has been play. Anyone who would of A f r i c a or the =i. New York Youanywhere lrom Paul. T r e m o n t St. D.I debugged. Spectre. New Bedford. Georgia. R i v e r F a l l s . Rules or none. y . but d The Ardcnnes {Pectre c a l l s ' Mass. would like to ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o. 7 Clem8on Dr. - - OPPONENTS - 5 0 Axam - A d v l t - . A f r i k a Korp..inning . seAd to: R o b e r t Schulz Liebl. Lon Beach 90808. WESTERNERS PREFERRED. Phone 963-0095. Must b e willSPECTRE. 55 Ward ence of c o m m a n d ( s ) t o William P. r The r o U. no D . v i r g i n i a . . I County area to play Avrlon Hill War and a d d r e s s to: Ed. Wright of 36 R e i d T e r r a c e . :lo Richard Berkeeth. Telephone% AH game in the flesh develop a new Jay Birnic. ' t ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ n ~ ~ ~ ~ ' m of games owned. My tactical sense i s v e r y w r i t e t o ~ o b e r Reuschlein. and any other i d o r m a t i o n to: b e s e e c h you t o join u s i n the fight G e r m a n s in AFRIKA KORPS and e i t h e r f oir Battle the Bulge. Charlea Iowa 50613. wanted f o r T a c t i c s 11.A. t St. I I C I U ~ S wanted t o oppose the n ~ i g h t i e s t cess.wis.

T h i s puts you beyond 14 s q u a r e s f r o m Midway. the e n t r i e s of the Zuiho will mean the end of your Fighter superiority. H e r e i s how you play it. I just r o s e slowly f r o m the t a b l e with a good n a t u r e d s m i l e on m y f a c e . He can a t t a c k you with e v e r y thing he h a s . 1215 E. He kept a l l h i s F i g h t e r s h o m e e v e r y t i m e I attacked. 2. d o e s not have control of the situation.. and if h e can buy enough of i t . m a t c h h i m 1-1 on the F i g h t e r s b e c a u s e you a r e going t o need a l l the help you c a n get t o b e a t off h i s a t t a c k on your c a r r i e r s .10 i s eliminated bec a u s e the 7-7-10 Unit. E . Of c o u r s e . This m e a n s that he h a s l o s t a minumum of 21 parking places and somebody will have t o go into the drink. "Midway's" Hidden American Power by S/Sgt. Don't w o r r y about a d v e r s e r e s u l t s on the fighter battle b e c a u s e your a t t a c k a g a i n s t h i s f l e e t should sink a t l e a s t one of h i s c a r r i e r s and possibly m o r e . you can l e a v e 15 F i g h t e r s a g a i n s t h i s 14 f o r c i n g h i m t o fight 1-2 on F Vs F and plunge your r e m a i n i n g 17 F i g h t e r s into h i s a t t a c k . T h i s b i t of c h i c a n e r y enables you t o have 32 F to the 28 J a p f i g h t e r f o r c e . a n d then can b e bottled u p within the D n e s t r . He shot down 20 of m y Att a c k s q u a d r o n s b e f o r e I finally nailed one of h i s c a r r i e r s . Any c r i t i c i s m s ? No. The B a s i c deciding f a c t o r i s t i m e . Main. C a r e f u l o b s e r v a t i o n s will show that both a t t a c k s would b e too r i s k y f o r t h e G e r m a n t o t r y . thus would not b e in the prope r organizational f r a m e of mind a s it would b e while attacking. you have allowed the Jap t o buy t i m e . A talley of t h e F i r s t Jap S t r i k e f o r c e r e v e a l s that they have a total of 59 Attack planes and 28 F i g h t e r s . Biloxi. underhanded. Ron B u l l i s . I a d m i t that 4 F i s n ' t much of a n edge but i t ' s t h e b e s t you can expect if the Japs u s e option $1. but I s t i l l made a profit of 1 A i r c r a f t . I don't think t h e r e would be. T h e r e f o r e i t i s l e g a l t o send m o s t of your 18 CAPing F i g h t e r s t o l a n d on Midway a t the end of the t u r n . the r e v e r s e situation a l s o applies. a n d t h e G e r m a n m u s t s o a k off a 7-7-6 t o a t t a c k a t 3-1.. sly.THE GENERAL possibilities t o counter the G e r m a n ' s f i r s t attack. Note: On t h e second move depending on the G e r m a n a t t a c k s .1 a n d f o r c e d t o r e t r e a t .H. Iowa. Osage. move a n d h e h a s n ' t spotted you. You will note that t h e r e a r e two 3 . the t i m e i n t e r v a l between a r r i v i n g f o r c e s p e r m i t s the Japs t o b e attacked b e f o r e they a c r u e overwhelming power. . 1 ) Against the 6-9-6. As your D & T ' s a r e l o s t you can keep m o r e a n d m o r e F i g h t e r s on b o a r d s o you need not a l w a y s send a l l of the CAP t h a t took off f r o m the C a r r i e r s t o Midway. After reading t h i s a r t i c l e . Louis Zocchi The Japs have 38 T t o the A m e r i c a n s 17. Louis Zocchi. I played m y s t r a t e g y a g a i n s t M a r k F l u c h e of San Antonio. you have a l i t t l e bit of a n edge on the Japs.1 a t t a c k s p o s s i b l e . If you c a l l off your attack. they would e a s i l y walk o v e r the A m e r i c a n f l e e t . If he c a l l s h i s a t t a c k off you should s t i l l p r o c e e d with y o u r s .the 7-7. Units inside a r e not r e q u i r e d t o a t t a c k o r withdraw even though a d j a cent t o the enemy. the G e r m a n m u s t a l s o s a c r i f i c e too many men. B e l v e d e r e C i r c l e . d i s r e s p e c t f u l b r e a c h of etiquette t o M a r k ' s attention. . If you k e e p a l l your s h i p s in the s a m e s q u a r e . All D & T a t t a c k Jap f l e e t s a n d a l l 32 F c a p your fleet. Nagato and Mutsu and s a n k m y e n t i r e f o r c e in a ship t o ship engagement. Even though I had m i s e r a b l e die r o l l s and had t o c o m e back a n d a t t a c k h i m 2 o r 3 t i m e s . I didn't c a l l t h i s uncooth. & H of the C a r e a s . At f i r s t glance.you should r e a l i z e how I c a m e to b e known a s "the total l o s s f r o m Holy S/Sgt. The units in Finland a r e placed s o a s t o p r e v e n t the e n e m y of taking positions 2 NW Leningrad a n d blocking Russian maneuverability. When the t i m e c o m e s t o s t r i k e . He c a n keep half h i s f i g h t e r s home a n d send half with h i s a t t a c k f o r c e . But the only r e t r e a t r o u t e i s into a z o n e of cont r o i of a 1-1-6 Unit. The p r o b l e m i s t o b r i n g the Midway f o r c e into a n a c t i o n t h a t will b e fought f a r beyond t h e i r 14 s q u a r e range. 1 _ F The J a p s could get a l l t h e i r f o r c e on t h e b o a r d a t the s a m e t i m e . the Japs have 3 options if h e h a s spotted you. If he e l e c t s option $ 3 you m u s t go ahead with your a t t a c k even if h e c a l l s his off. You should go ahead with your a t t a c k a g a i n s t his fleet b e c a u s e his 14 f i g h t e r s c a n ' t possibly do a s much d a m a g e t o your a t t a c k f o r c e a s your 17 f i g h t e r s will do to h i s . . a n d a l s o only gain t h e P r u t r i v e r l i n e . You will probably l o s e 3 o r m o r e s q u a d r o n s in the a t t a c k a n d your Midway f i g h t e r s will enable you t o keep m o r e f i g h t e r s on the C a r r i e r s . Does t h i s r e t r e a t e s t a b l i s h a n automatic v i c t o r y ? Since a 7-7-10 Unit a g a i n s t a 1-1-6 effects a n a u t o m a t i c v i c t o r y wouldn't the 1-1-6 Unit's zone of control b e nullified and the 7-7-10 Unit be allowed to r e m a i n on b o a r d ? A: No . A. I eventually gained a i r s u p e r i o r i t y and PAGE 12 maintained i t until M a r k slipped up on m e with the Yamato. On the second t u r n t r a n s f e r 8 F f r o m The E n t e r p r i s e t o Midway a n d the 2T P Question Box AFRIKA KORPS Q: A G e r m a n 7-7-10 Unit i s attacked a t 3 . a n d 6D f r o m Midway t o the E n t e r p r i s e . Your c o u r s e of action i s a l m o s t always the s a m e . I ' m s u r e you have a l l h e a r d of the Rambling Wreck f r o m Georgia Tech. But. If the J a p s play $ 1 a g a i n s t you. The only thing you m u s t do i s land the planes that c a m e in f r o m Midway on C a r r i e r s b e c a u s e they can't r e t u r n t o Midway. 1. if you count the Midway F o r c e . 2 ) In the south. 2) T o p r o t e c t the Bug l i n e on the f o l lowing move. The Japs have 28 D t o A m e r i c a n s 42 a n d both s i d e s have 32 F i g h t e r s .a g a i n s t the 6-9-6 a n d a'gainst the 7-10-4 i n t h e south. Naburally. Texas. send your 18 F f r o m the C a r r i e r s along with your a t t a c k f o r c e a n d C A P with 3 Fighte r s f r o m Midway. Mississippi. snide. 3. a v i c t o r y h e r e will not gain too much t e r r i t o r y . a s a l o s e r on defense. being a Gentleman of the F i r s t Water. It s e e m s h e a r t l e s s t o o r d e r s u r e death f o r s o m e of your squadrons but you s t i l l have a good chance t o sink one of h i s carriers. the 6-9-6 should b e moved t o 1 W Vilnius with the neede d units t o prevent a 3-1 a t t a c k . depending on w h e r e the G e r m a n c o m m a n d e r a t t a c k s . Many R u s s i a n units h a v e been placed i n t h e south f o r the following r e a s o n s : 1 ) T o p r e vent the G e r m a n f r o m attacking t h e r e . a n d belted h i m in the Chops ! If your a t t a c k c o m e s in the 1700 h r . If he e l e c t s option $2.b e c a u s e of the f a c t that no zones of control e x i s t outside of f o r t r e s s e s . 139 Cross".a t t a c k when a n "Engaged" o r "Contactt' h a s been d r a w n ? A: No . Never move your f l e e t f u r t h e r f r o m Midway than the Middle Zones B. A r m everything on the f i r s t t u r n . h a s a d v i s e d m e that F i g h t e r s on c a p have a r a n g e of 14 s q u a r e s . BULGE Q: A r e t r o o p s I in f o r t r e s s e s (in the Tournament G a m e ) r e q u i r e d to withd r a w o r c o u n t e r . A total of t h e A m e r i c a n a i r c r a f t r e v e a l s 59 a t t a c k planes a n d 32 f i g h t e r s . The 2-3-6 a t Minsk should b e moved n o r t h e a s t of B r e s t Litovsk on t h e following move t o delay the K r a u t s . The u n i t s a t B r e s t Litovsk can e a s i l y b e moved e i t h e r t o t h e south o r t o the n o r t h . t h e 66 s h i p d e s t r o y i n g a i r c r a f t of the Japanese a i r f l e e t s e e m m o r e powerful than the 59 a t t a c k s q u a d r o n s the A m e r i c a n s have. He can keep a l l h i s f i g h t e r s home and send out h i s a t t a c k without e s c o r t o r k e e p h i s a t t a c k f o r c e on the d e c k a n d s w e a t i t out i n t h e h o p e s t h a t he will b e a b l e t o s t r i k e back next t u r n . The 14 Squadrons t h a t took off f r o m Midway m u s t land on the C a r r i e r s . The a n s w e r i s on the E n t e r prise.