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Amazing Trees Constipation Ripe bael fruit is regarded as best of all laxatives.

It cleans and tones up the intestines. Its regular use for 2 or 3 months throws out even the old accumulated faecal matter. For best results, it should be taken in the form of sherbet, which is prepared from the pulp of the ripe fruit. After breaking the shell, the seeds are removed, 'with the contents spooned out and sieved. Milk and sugar are added to make it more palatable. The pulp of the ripe fruit can also be taken without the addition of milk or sugar. About 70 grams of the fruit will suffice for an adult. Diarrhoea and Dysentery The unripe or half-ripe fruit is perhaps the most effective remedy for chronic diarrhea and dysentery where there is no fever. Best results are obtained by the use of dried bael or its powder. The bael fruit, when it is still green, is sliced and dried in the sun. The dried bael & lices are powdered and preserved in airtight bottles. The unripe bael can also be baked and used with jaggery or brown sugar.

Peptic Ulcer An infusion of bael leaves is regarded as an effective remedy for peptic ulcer. The leaves are soaked overnight in water. This water is strained and taken in the morning. The pain and discomfort are relieved when this treatment is continued for a few weeks. Bael leaves are rich in tannin which reduces inflammation and help in the healing of ulcers. Bael fruit taken in the form of a beverage also has great healing properties on account of its mucilage content. This forms a coating on the stomach mucosa and thus helps heal ulcers. aditya pandey
Dear________ Today I am telling you about our National fruit, Mango. Mango is the national fruit of India. Its scientific name is Mangifera indica. It is harvested during March–May. The mango trees are long-lived upto 300 years. The leaves are dark green. The flowers are small and white. The fruit takes three to six months to ripen. Fruit is a fleshy, juicy and edible. Mangoes are generally sweet. The ripe fruit varies in size and color ranging from yellow, orange, red or green. Almost half of the world's mangoes are cultivated in India alone. Alphonso, Safeda, Kesar, Chaunsa are popular varieties of Mango in India. Mangoes are widely used in cuisine.

Sour, unripe mangoes are used in chutneys, pickles, or may be eaten raw. Summer drinks called Aam panna and Aamras are popular thick juice made of mangoes with sugar or milk. The pulp from ripe mangoes is also used to make jam. Dried and powdered unripe mango called as amchur is used as preservative. Dried mango skin and its seeds are also used in Ayurvedic medicine. Its fruit and leaves are ritually used as floral decorations at weddings, public celebrations and religious ceremonies.

Mango skin have potential to lower risk of diseases, such as diabetes, high cholesterol levels or some forms of cancer as it contains carotenoids and Polyunsaturated fatty acids.

From: Aadya Mahajan

Dear Penpall , I am writing this letter to tell you about amazing tree.

TULSI ( holy basil )

The Tulsi or holy basil is an important symbol in the Hindu religious tradition and is worshiped in the morning and evening by Hindus at large. The holy basil is also a herbal remedy for a lot of common ailments.

MEDICINAL USES :

1. Healing power 2. Fever and common cold 3. Coughs 4. Sore throat 5. Respiratory disorder 6. Kidney stone 7. Heart disorder 8. Children’s ailment 9. Stress 10.Skin disorder 11.Headaches 12.Teeth disorder 13.Mouth infections 14.Eye disorders

15.Insect bites

CULTURAL VALUE :

Holy basil - spiritual
Holy basil is the most sacred plant in the Hindu religion, and is found in or near almost every Hindi house throughout India. It is frequently grown in courtyards and temples and is believed to protect from misfortune and sanctifies and guides to heaven all who cultivate it.

Symbolism
Holy basil represents purity, serenity, harmony, luck, happiness and good health. It is given the Sanskrit name 'tulsi' which means 'incomparable'. The Brahmins hold it sacred to the gods Krishna and Vishnu. The story goes that this plant is the transformed nymph Tulasi, beloved of Krishna. For this reason the plant is cultivated in pots of brick pillars with hollows at the top in which earth is deposited. It is daily watered and worshipped by all members of the family.

Home and ceremonial use
To promote well-being and encourage the grace of the goddess as a living presence in the home, many Indian women begin the day by offering blessed water to the plant, walking around it and praying before it. Offerings to all the Hindu deities are deemed complete if they involve the use of holy basil leaves. In the Vrat Kaumudi, one of the sacred books of the Hindus, a ceremony called the tulashi laksha vrat is ordered to be performed when a vow is made. Holy basil leaves are used in offerings to Krishna. Nayavad is another ceremony among Hindus which involves taking a brass dish containing cooked food, and placing it before the god in a square marked out on the ground. The worshipper squats on a low stool, and taking two leaves of holy basil in his right hand, he closes his eyes with his left, dips the leaves in the water, and throws one upon the food and the other on the god. Holy basil is also used in Hindu weddings and funerals. The marriage season in India is traditionally launched by ceremonies celebrating holy basil. One of these is a wedding ceremony called Tulsi Vivah. Here the plant is symbolically married to Shaligram carved from a semi-precious stone which represents Vishnu. This takes place in the month of Kartikka of the lunar calendar, around mid-October. Under good conditions, holy basil can grow to a considerable size with a woody stem large enough to make beads for the rosaries used by Hindus on which they count the number of recitations of their deity's name.

WHY ARE THESE AMAZING..??
The Tulsi or holy basil is an important symbol in the Hindu religious tradition and is worshiped in the morning and evening by Hindus at large. Tulsi is an amazing herbal medicine used in numerous ailments.

DEAR PEN PALL
TODAY IAM GOING SAY ABOUT THE AMAZING FACT OF TREES /HERBS:-)

COCUNUT
MEDICAL USE OF COCUNUT-ALL PEOPLE USE FOR AYURVEDIC

MEDICIEN ,COCUNUT OIL FOR HAIR GROWTH. CULTUR USE FOR GANESH CHATURTI FOR MODAK ,IN PONNGAL. SCIENTIFIC NAME:

COCOS NUCIFERA Do you have ever listen about republic day ! ya!!!! Just now we have celebrate that . it was awesome !!!!!!!!!!!!!! Now we are going to celebrate holi . I have one request can you come to

india please come when you will come please come to my school and my home. Ok bye! Bye!
YOUR LOVINGLY BHARTHI KRISHNAN

Dear Pen pal
Hi, I am feeling proud to tell you that on Sunday 26th Jan we celebrated our 65th republic day with great enthusiasm. Today I am telling you about the Neem Tree. The neem tree is one of the most versatile of India’s plants. It is a tropical evergreen tree native to India and is also found in other southeast countries. Its biological name is Azadirachta Indica which means ‘The free tree of India’. It is popularly known as the ‘Divine Tree’, ‘Heal All’, ‘Nature’s Drug Store’, ‘The tree of life’. In India it is known as ‘the village pharmacy’ due to its miraculous power of healing. To keep yourself healthy and fit you can take bath in neem tree water. It smoothens the functioning of intestine if consumed regularly. It is also considered as de-worming agent. Its twigs can be used to brush teeth. Neem also holds medicinal value. Each part of neem is used in the medicines. It has been used in Ayurvedic medicines for more than 4000 years. Neem oil extracted from its seeds is used in medicines, pest control and cosmetics etc. Its leaves are used to treat chicken pox. According to the Hindus, it is believed that the goddess of the chickenpox, sithala lives in the neem tree. Neem tea is usually taken to reduce headache and fever. Its flowers are used to cure intestinal problems. Neem bark acts as an analgesic and can cure high fever as of malaria. Even skin diseases can cured from the neem leaves. It has cultural importance also. It is said that planting neem tree in the house is a ensured passage to heaven. Its leaves are stung on the main entrance to remain away from the evil spirits. Brides take bath in the water filled with the neem leaves. Newly born babies are laid upon the neem leaves to provide them with the protective aura. Neem gives out more oxygen than other trees. Neem is the wonder tree and finds mention in the number of ancient texts.

Now on 16th march we will celebrate our colourful festival ‘Holi’. Your loving friend Dhruv Chadha

Amazing Trees T urmeric, also called curcumin, has been used in
Asian cookery for thousands of years. Powder ground from the dried root is an ingredient in curry. Turmeric is one of the cheaper spices and makes a vivid splash of color, so it gets heaped into low-market curry blends as fill. Turmeric holds a high place in Ayurvedic medicine as a "cleanser of the body" and today science is finding a growing list of diseased conditions which turmeric's active ingredient heals.

Amazing Facts
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Turmeric is known as golden spice of India The turmeric plants were cultivated by Harappan civilization earlier in the 3000 B.C. Turmeric is known as golden spice of India The maximum production of Turmeric (90%) is in India. Sangli is the largest and most important trading centre for turmeric in Asia also in the world. Sangli is the town of Indian State Maharashtra. Turmeric is a known antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic agent. Turmeric stimulates digestion, supports the liver, and reduces intestinal permeability. Several studies indicate that curcumin slows the development and growth of a number of types of cancer including prostate cancer. Turmeric may also slow the rate at which hormone-responsive prostate cancer becomes resistant to hormonal therapy. Turmeric has wide range of use in canned beverages, icecream, yoghurts, yellow cakes, biscuits, sweets, cake icings, baked products, dairy products, popcorn-colour, cereals, sauces, gelatins, cosmetics, medicinal, ayurvedic medicines etc. It is popular served as a tea in Okinawa, Japan. Turmeric is popularly used in cosmetic industry for preparing herbal products. It is also used as a fabric dye, a usually soluble substance for staining or coloring in fabrics as well as for preparing natural hair dye. Turmeric is very low in Cholesterol and Sodium. It is also a good source of Vitamin C and Magnesium, and a very good source of Dietary Fiber, Vitamin B6, Iron, Potassium and Manganese. ******************************************************************************* *************

Jujube

fruit is probably the essential components of Chinese traditional medicine. This particular fruit, which comes from the Ziziphus zizyphus plant, is additionally referred to as jujube, red date or perhaps Chinese date. Amazing Facts 1. Jujube contains antioxidant with rejuvenating properties to help improve the immune system and overall health. 2. Jujube contains high amount of minerals such as potassium, phosphorus, manganese and calcium. 3. Jujube contains vitamin C, riboflavin and thiamine. Jujube fruit has 20 times the amount of vitamin C as citrus fruits. 4. The vitamin and mineral content of the jujube helps to soothe the stomach, ease sore throats, suppress the appetite, support cardiovascular health, enhance metabolism and cleanse the blood vessels. 5. The body requires 24 amino acids to function, and the jujube fruit contains 18 of the 24. Amino acids help with the maintenance and formation of the bones, skin, muscle, bloods, hormones, neurotransmitters and enzymes in the body. They are also essential to the building of more that 50,000 proteins made by the human body. Amino acids assist the body in healing wounds and diseases.

6. The protective effects of jujube fruit on the liver help to eliminate oxidative stress in the liver. Oxidative stress is when free radicals form in the body and interact with cells. Free radicals can lead to many diseases.

Veda vyasa dav public school New delhi Vikaspuri Dear penpal HI how are you? I am fine in today’s letter I wanted to tell you about ‘’AMLA’’.

AMLA_ REFERRED TO AS GOOSE BERRY FRUIT .ITS SCINCETIFFIC NAME IS PHYLLANTHUS EMBLICA.

Natural source of vitamin c--- it helps in food absorption and `assembels menevals like iron. Its regular intake result in stronger,healthier digestive system and improves overall immiunity,it helps boost protein metabolisms and helps in loosing weight .it strenghthens the liver and cleans the blood ,lower cholesterol enhances visions

AMLA STRENTHEN THE ROOTS AND IT HELPS GREYING

ASHWAGANDHA-THE MAGICAL MEDICINAL HERB WITHANIA SOMNIFERA (BOTANICAL NAME)
One of the most famous Indian Herb that is used as a tonic and a rejuvenating agent is Ashwagandha. The Dried Roots form the main part of any drug but it’s leaves and seeds also play an important part in the composition of a medicine. It is a middle sized shrub and is found in abundance in the drier parts of the entire Indian subcontinent. Ashwagandha is used for curing nervous and psychiatric ailment. It is used in the treatment of Arthritis, emaciation, senile debility, sleep disorder and many other auto-immune diseases. It’s tonic helps in strengthening the Immune system, improving blood circulation and increasing the energy and concentration level.

To improve growth and to strengthen the overall metabolism in case of underweight children, half gram of ashwagandha powder should be mixed in butter and given to them. The taste of ashwagandha is bitter, pungent and sweet but it’s effect is light, unctuous and hot. The Vaidyas of our country are using this herb from thousands of years due to its so many beneficial properties. Rudra Kalra (IV-C)

Vikas puri New Delhi

India Dear __
Today I am going to tell you about 1 of the famous herb ginger its very useful part is rhizome
Ginger is useful in:

Nausea AND Motion sickness  Common cough AND cold  Loss of appetite  Indigestion AND diarrhoea How to grow  By tubers (root bulbs) Traditional wisdom also says that we

should Take half teaspoon each of Ginger Paste, clove and cinnamon powder Add 1 cup of water. Boil for 10 Minutes. Add 1 teaspoon of

honey Drink this tea daily till cough clears.

Yours truly SAUMYA

Dear Paul

BANYAN TREE CULTURAL VALUE
Banyan tree is respected and is considered as sacred by the people in India. In the sacred Hindu Book 'Bhagwad Gita' Lord Krishna has sung praises on the Banyan tree. People in India grow Banyan tree closer to the Peepal tree. As Banyan tree is considered as the male plant closely related to the Peepal tree. It symbolize Trimurti with Vishnu as the barl, Shiva as the

branches and Brahma as the roots. Indians considered Banyan tree as 'Kalpa Vriksha' the tree that fulfill all your wishes.The mighty Banyan Tree is considered as immortal and has always been the focal point for the village communities in India. It is probably the biggest and friendliest of all trees. Banyan tree is the tree of knowledge and tree of life.

MEDICINAL VALUE
The Banyan tree also has several medicinal properties. Its leaf, bark, seeds and fig are used for the variety of disorders like diarrhea, polyuria, dental, diabetes and urine disorders. The wood of the Banyan tree is used in making door panels, boxes and the other items. Its bark is used for making paper and ropes. The milky latex that comes from its leaves and stems is used in many Ayurvedic medicines.

DAILY USES
In India its edible leaves are used as the plates. It is planted for the soil conservation. Wood is used for well curbs, door panels, boxes, furniture etc. It is suitable for paper pulp. The wood of the aerial roots is stronger and is used for the tent poles and cart yokes
.

SCIENTFIC NAME FICUS BENGHALENSIS IS THE SCIENTFIC NAME OF BANYAN TREE.

HENNA
SCIENTFIC NAME-LAWSONIA INERMIS CULTURAL VALUE
Henna is used for many reasons including: selfexpression; celebration of special occasions like weddings, holidays & birthdays; inspiration; reminders; beauty; cosmetic treatments; medicinal uses; blessings & well-being; to be part of an ancient tradition; and an alternatiHenna is traditionally used for

special occasions like holidays, birthdays and weddings in Africa, Pakistan, India, and the Middle East. The most popular of the traditions is the Mehndi (henna) Night where the bride, her family, relatives and friends get together to celebrate the wedding to come. The night is filled with games, music and dance performances that may have been rehearsed for months prior to the event by those closest to the bride while the bride gets extensive henna patterns done on her hands and feet that go to her elbows and sometimes, knees. The bridal patterns can take hours and are often done

bymultiple henna artists. The guests will usually receive small designs (tattoos) on the backs of their hands as well. Today, brides prefer to have their henna done prior to the mehndi night so that they can enjoy the festivities and also have a deeper stain by the wedding day. Tradition holds that for as long as the henna stain appears on the bride, she doesn't have to do any housework! Also, the darker the stain the better the marriage and the better the mother-in-law will be! So you can imagine why the bride would want the stain to come our dark and last as long as possible!

MEDICAL VALUE
Henna is considered an herb, and has long been known to have healing qualities. It is used topically and usually not ingested or inhaled. In ancient times it has been applied to the skin surface for such ailments as headaches, stomach pains, burns (including sunburns), open wounds, as a fever reducer, athlete's foot and even theprevention of hair loss. It is also a sunblock and has been used on the noses of animals to prevent sunburn. Another use of henna would be to apply it to goat skin bags, after they have been salt-cured. It "insect-proofs" or "moth-proofs" the bags by making the skin poisoned

DAILY USE.
Henna or Mehandi is a medicinal plant. Its bark and seeds are used in Unani and

Ayurvedic medicines. Henna is a middlesized shrub with many branches. It yields small white or pinkish fragrant flowers in large terminal bunches and small round fruits. This fascinating plant known worldwide for the beautiful colouring dye used by the orientals to colour their hands and body.

Henna or Mehandi is a medicinal plant. Its bark and seeds are used in Unani and Ayurvedic medicines. Henna is a middlesized shrub with many branches. It yields small white or pinkish fragrant flowers in large terminal bunches and small round fruits. This fascinating plant known world-wide for the beautiful colouring dye used by the orientals to colour their hands and body.
AMAZING TREE

Dear panpal I am writing this letter to tell you about amazing tree.

MINT MINT- Mentha (is also known as a mint) is a genus of plants in the
family Lamiaceae. The species are not clearly distinct and estimates of the number of species varies from 13 to 18. Hybridization between some of the species occurs naturally.

SCIENTIFIC NAME= MENTHA MEDICAL USES-:     Relieves indigestion Fights aches and pains Gives your glowing and acne free skin Help fight oral infection

CULTURAL VALUE

Culture days is a collaborative coast-to-coast volunteer movement to raise the awareness, accessibility, participation and engagement of Canadians in the arts and cultural life of their communities.

banana is an edible fruit produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.[1] (In some countries, bananas used for cooking may be called plantains.) The fruit is variable in size, color and firmness, but is usually elongated and curved, with soft flesh rich in starchcovered with a rind which may be green, yellow, red, purple, or brown when ripe. The fruits grow in clusters hanging from the top of the plant. Almost all modern edible parthenocarpic (seedless) bananas come from two wild species – Musa acuminata andMusa balbisiana. The scientific names of most cultivated bananas are Musa acuminata, Musa balbisiana, and Musa × paradisiaca for the hybrid Musa acuminata × M. balbisiana, depending on their genomic constitution. The old scientific name Musa sapientum is no longer used. Vanshika..

Veda vyasa dav public school Vikas puri New Delhi Date-16/11/13 Dear prempa, I am writing this lettter to tell you bout 5 types of landform. In this letter i will like to tell youu different types of landform. Five types of landform of india. 1. The northern mountains wall the mountain. 2. THe northen plains. 3. The Indian desert. 4. The plateu region. 5. The costal plains and the island groups. Nortern plains HomeDestinationsAsia PacificIndiaNorthern PlainsOverview Overview India home Northern Plains: overview Zoom The Taj Mahal in Agra at dawn, Copyright: APA Publications The Taj Mahal in Agra at dawn Read more The Taj Mahal in Agra at dawn, Copyright: APA Publications The Golden Temple at Amritsar, Copyright: APA Publications Fatehpur Sikri, near Agra, was briefly Akbar the Great's capital, Copyright: APA Publications The Golden Temple in Amritsar is the holiest Sikh site, Copyright: APA Publications The northern plains are one of India’s most intense and unmissable regions, home to the iconic sights of the Taj Mahal at Agra and the ghats of Varanasi. Between the discipline of Punjab and Haryana’s proud Sikhs and the apparent lawlessness of much of Bihar lies Uttar Pradesh, held by many to be the heartland of India – its soul enshrined in the incomparable Taj Mahal at Agra and its religious sentiments laid bare on the burning ghats of Varanasi. The Northern Plains' great sights Heartland of the great Mughal empire, India’s northern plains are home to several of the country’s most wondrous monuments – including the Taj Mahal and Fatehpur Sikri – as well as its holiest river, the Ganges. The principal natural feature of the northern plains – worshipped as a nur-turing Mother Goddess by Hindus – is the river revered as ‘Ma Ganga’, which gushes out of the Himalayan foothills at Rishikesh and wends southeast towards its confluence with the region’s other main artery, the Jamuna, at Allahabad. From there, the Ganga travels lazily west through the ancient city of Varanasi and to the former seat of the Mauryans, Patna, capital of modern-day Bihar. Spiritualiy also abounds in this state at Bodhgaya, where the Buddha was said to have achieved Enlightenment. Riven in two by Partition in 1947, the Punjab was named after the five major tributaries of the Indus flowing through it. Only a couple of these drain through the modern Indian state abutting the Pakistani border, but it still ranks among the most fertile parts of the country. The holiest Sikh city, Amritsar, is found here.

Indian desert Indian Desert indian desert The Indian deserts stretches from Rann of Kutch in Gujarat to the western border of Rajasthan. Come experience this unforgettable trip through two of India’s most vibrant states – Gujarat and Rajasthan! There is an undeniable magic about traveling through these exotic places. Based on the Indian desert, tourism industry has developed in this part of India. Crystalline sands that sift gently through your hands and dry winds that singe through your body as you cruise through its terrain make a lifetime of fond memories. Apart from the dazzling sand dunes of Rajasthan some of the most attractive places of the state of Rajputs include Udaipur, Jaisalmer, Jaipur, Bikaner, Jodhpur and so on. The Pushkar festival and the kite festivals are the two most important annual festivals of Rajasthan that attract a large number of tourists to the desert cities. Travel through Thar Desert to visit the isolated villages and historical ruins. On your Rajasthan desert safari, you get to experience the culture, history and lifestyle firsthand through the folklores, customs and traditions of the various villages dwelling in the Thar Desert. Incredible beauty is written in the faces of the people, in the untamed landscapes and in the elaborate architecture.

DEAR PENPALL I have written this letter to say about five type of land form of india : The northen mountain wall-the Himalya-is the highest

peak of the india.  The northern plains- The Northern Fertile Plain lies to the south of Himalayan Region. It is also called the Gangetic Plain. It is a vast plain and level landbetween the

Himalayas in the North and Deccan Plateau in the South.

 The northern dersert- The Indian deserts stretches from Rann of Kutch in Gujarat to the western border of Rajasthan. Come experience this unforgettable trip through two of India’s most vibrant states – Gujarat and

Rajasthan!  The platue region- Plateaus can be formed by a number of processes, including upwelling of volcanic magma, extrusion of lava, and erosion by water and glaciers. Magma rises from the mantle causing the ground to swell

upward, in this way large, flat areas of rock are uplifted.

 The costal plains &the island groups-Many parts of the Indian coastal plains have rich fertile soil on which, apart from rice, a large variety of crops are grown. A coconut tree grows all along the coast.

Dear Pen pal Today I am telling about five landforms of India 1. The Northern Mountain Wall- The Himalayas

2.

3.

4.

5.

The Himalayas is the tallest mountain system in the world. This tall mountain range forms a protecting frontier for north India. This beautiful mountain range is known as the Abode of Snow because snow covers all the tall peaks of this range. It stretch from Jammu and Kashmir in the north of India to Arunachal Pradesh in east India covering an area of 612021 sq km.It can be classified into 3 ranges from north to south. They are the Himadri Himalayas ranges, the Himachal or Middle Himalayas and the Shivalik or south most ranges. The Northern Plains The northern plain is a vast, flat and fertile plain. These made up of alluvial soil which is most fertile. These greatest plain starts from the foothill of the Himalayas and extend from the Sutlej River in the west to the Brahmaputra River in the east. They consist of three individual parts the Indus basin, Ganga-Brahmaputra basin and the tributaries of these rivers. The Indian Desert The Indian Desert is known as the Thar Desert. It is mainly located in Rajasthan (about 62 %) and rest parts of the desert covering some areas of Haryana, Punjab and Gujarat. Rainfall of this region is very low, average annual rainfalls varies from 11cm to 51cm and the climate of this region remains dry throughout the year with the temperatures variations from near freezing up to 50 degree Celsius. The Plateaus Regions Peninsular Plateau and Central Highlands extends in the south of India. It is built of stable rocks and is the most wide physiographic partition of India. It has been divided into nine subdivisions. These are the Aravalli hills, Malwa plateau, Vindhya ranges, Satpura ranges, Chotta Nagpur plateau, Deccan plateau, Western Ghats, Eastern Ghats, Kachchh and Kathiawar of Gujarat. The Coastal Plains and Island groups Along the coast of India lies the narrow strip of coastal plains. The eastern coastal plains lie between Bay of Bengal and the Eastern Ghats. Coromandel Coast lies towards the south. They are board and well drained by the Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri rivers. Rice is grown in this region. The Western coastal plains lie between the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghats. The two island groups Lakshadweep in the Arabian Sea and Andaman and Nicobar in the Bay of Bengal are an integral part of India. They are great

tourist attractions for people. The Andaman and Nicobar Island comprise about 300 islands. The Lakshadweep islands comprise about 36 islands. Your loving friend Dhruv Chadha
Dear ______________ Today I am telling about Five landforms of our country India.
India can be divided into five physiographic regions. They are 1. The northern mountains 2. Indo Gangetic Plains 3. The Peninsular Plateau 4. Thar Desert 5. The Coastal Plains

Mountain
Major mountain ranges of India are:  The Himalayan range is considered as the world's highest mountain range, with its tallest peak Mt. Everest. They are one of the world's youngest mountain ranges and extend almost uninterrupted for 2,500 km (1,553 miles), extend from Jammu and Kashmir in the north to Arunachal Pradesh in the east. Most peaks in the Himalayas remain snowbound throughout the year. The Karakoram is situated in the disputed state of Jammu and Kashmir. the second highest mountain in the world. The Aravali Range is the oldest mountain range in India, running across Rajasthan from northeast to southwest direction, extending approximately 800 km (497 miles).

Indo-Gangetic Plains
The Indo-Gangetic plains, also known as the Great Plains are large alluvial plains dominated by three main rivers, the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra, along with their main tributaries– Yamuna, Chambal, Gomti, Ghaghara, Kosi, Sutlej, Ravi, Beas, Chenab, and Tista The Indo-Gangetic Plains are flat making it conducive for irrigation through canals. The area is also rich in ground water sources. The main crops grown are rice and wheat, maize, sugarcane and cotton.

Thar Desert

The Thar Desert (also known as the deserts) is the world's seventh largest desert covering an area of 2 about 200,000 km (77,000 sq miles), lies in state of Rajasthan. This region comprises of sand dunes, craggy rock forms, compacted salt-lake bottoms, and interdunal and fixed dune areas. Annual temperatures can range from 0°C in the winter to over 50°C during the summer. Water is scarce and occurs at great depths, ranging from 30 to 120 m below the ground level. Rainfall is erratic, ranging from below 120 mm. The soils of the arid region are generally sandy to sandy-loam in texture.

Highlands/ Plateau
The Central Highlands consists of three main plateaus — the Malwa Plateau in the west, the Deccan Plateau in the south and the Chota Nagpur Plateau in the east. The Malwa Plateau is spread across states of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat with average elevation of 500 metres generally sloped towards the north. Drained by the Chambal River and its tributaries. The Deccan Plateau is a large triangular plateau covering a total area of 1.9 million km² (735,000 mile²). It is mostly flat, with elevations ranging from 300 to 600 m, sloping gently from west to east and gives rise to several peninsular rivers such as the Godavari, the Krishna, the Kaveri and the Mahanadi which drain into the Bay of Bengal. The Chota Nagpur Plateau is situated in eastern India, Its total area is approximately 65,000 km² (25,000 mile²). Much of the plateau is forested, covered by the dry deciduous forests.

Coasts
The Eastern Coastal Plain is a wide stretch of land lying between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal. It stretches from Tamil Nadu in the south to West Bengal in the east. The Mahanadi, Godavari, Kaveri, and Krishna rivers drain these plains. Annual rainfall in this region averages between 1,000 and 3,000 mm (39 and 120 in). The plains are divided into six regions —the Mahanadi delta, the southern Andhra Pradesh plain, the KrishnaGodavari deltas, the Kanyakumari coast, the Coromandel Coast, and sandy coastal. The Western Coastal Plain is a narrow strip of land sandwiched between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea, ranging from 50 to 100 km (31 to 62 mi) in width. It extends from Gujarat in the north and extends through Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, and Kerala. Major rivers flowing into the sea are the Tapi, Narmada, Mandovi and Zuari. Vegetation is mostly deciduous.

Veda vyasa dav public school Vikaspuri NEW DELHI INDIA 1THE NORTHERN MOUNTAIN WALL THE HIMALAYA
The Himalayan range is home to the planet's highest peaks, including the highest, Mount Everest. The Himalayas include over a hundred mountains exceeding 7,200 metres (23,600 ft) in height. By contrast, the highest peak outside Asia

2 THE NOTHERN PLAINS
TheNORTHERN PLAINS of India are to the south of the Himalayan area. Deacon Plateau is south of the Northern Plains of India. There are three rivers in this area. They are the Sutlej, Ganga and the Brahmaptura rivers

3 THE INDIAN DESERT THE THAR DESERT also known as the Great Indian Desert) is a large, arid region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent and forms a natural boundary running along the border between India and Pakistan.

4 THE PLATEAU REGION
The Chota Nagpur Plateau is a plateau in eastern India, which covers much of Jharkhand state as well as adjacent parts of Odisha, West Bengal,Bihar and Chhattisgarh.

5 COSTAL PLAINS AND ISLANS GROUPS
The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering approximately 20% of the wateron the Earth's surface.[1] It is bounded by Asia—including India.

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