10 views

Uploaded by José Teixeira da Motta

save

- EM Lab MCQ3
- 5_A_Sound-of-Music
- 9th Class Physics Notes Chapter 3 Ajk
- Statics Chapter 8 Tutorial 13th October 2015
- ch 3 s.q.prob
- Definition of Friction
- Maya Tutorial - Creating the Logo Effect From the Matrix
- Physics Midterm Review '13
- HW02 - MathematicalModels01
- Chapter 2
- chp 2 11
- s.s. Krotov With Solution 1.1 to 1.61
- Act 6_Frictional Forces
- Toc
- Physics Practice Problems
- 2_ch02_LQ_e_ans
- 1802-Paper-1(E)
- Borang P&P 4 July 6 (1)
- Physics movement questions and solutions
- monday119
- 4exp_AM_prelim6_P1
- 63bc1c75888d2026494e513496854c66
- Kinematics
- Dynamics Problems
- mecanica de los solidosII,,Cantidad de movimiento
- g484 physics definitions update 2
- Kinematics.pdf
- 2. AITS-2
- Jee 2014 Booklet1 Hwt Kinematics
- Iit Genius
- Diario Da Republica Homologação de Lista
- ae_f1015_sol_testes.docx
- Q Sat Colaboradores
- Teste 1 Mecanica
- 2 Questao Aula
- Poliedro-Fisica-1
- Policy Exp Fr 4000048044
- Determinação Do Coeficiente de Atrito Cinético
- cesarioverde.doc
- Personalidades Que Vieram à Escola
- Trabalho 3 Periodo
- Ficha_de_DNA_e_sintese_proteica.docx
- Ficha de Autoverificação
- Problema Russo
- Apre_Maria_Gaula1 (1)
- fisik
- Calcule a Resistência Entre Os Pontos a e B Do Circuito Ao Lado
- 14112011 Atividade Avaliação 151
- capa relatorio.docx
- Tek56 Plan Anual 6ano
- Capa Relatorio
- Re82133 Fa11 Exploracao Al1 1
- Ebay Carding [Breif]
- Carta
- História 3º Periodo
- Tek56 Plan Anual 5ano
- teste leme.pdf
- Poliedro-Fisica-1
- fisicaQuimicaA11_12_V1_01_2008.pdf
- Atividade Pratica Pêndulo Gravítico

You are on page 1of 4

5kg is released from rest at the top of a curved-shaped frictionless wedge of mass m2 = 3.0kg , which sits on a frictionless horizontal surface as in the ﬁgure below. When the block leaves the wedge, its velocity is measured to be 4.0m/s to the right, as in (b). (a) What is the velocity of the wedge after the block reaches the horizontal surface? (b) What is the height h of the wedge?

A POSSIBLE SOLUTION (a) Since there are not external forces (system = both masses) acting in the x direction of the system, ∆px = 0.

pf x m1 v1 − m2 v2 ⇒ v2 ⇒ v2

= = = =

pix 0 m1 v1 m2 0.5 kg (4.0 m/s) = 0.67 m/s 3.0 kg

(1) (2) (3) (4)

(b) Total mechanical energy is conserved since there is no friction (∆E = 0).

∆E = 0 0 h ⇒h

= = = =

∆KT + ∆UT . 1 1 m1 (v1f2 − v1i2 ) + m2 (v2f2 − v2i2 ) + m1 g (yf − y0 ) 2 2 m1 v1f2 + m2 v2f2 2 m1 g 0.95 m

(5) (6) (7) (8)

2. (20 pts) A 5.0 g bullet moving with an initial speed of 400 m/s is ﬁred into and passes through a 1.0 kg block of wood, as in the ﬁgure below. The block, initially at rest on a frictionless, horizontal surface, is connected to a spring with force constant 900 N/m. If the block moves 0.05 m to the right after impact, ﬁnd: (a) the speed at which the bullet emerges from the block. (b) the mechanical energy lost in the collision.

A POSSIBLE SOLUTION (a) Since there are no external forces acting in the x direction on the system (bullet and block), momentum is conserved.

pf x MB VBf + mb vbf ⇒ vbf

= = =

pix mb vbi mb vbi − MB VBf mb

(9) (10) (11)

We need to ﬁnd VBf in order to solve the problem. We can ﬁnd VBf by considering ∆E = 0. Immediately following the impact:

∆E = 0 0

= =

∆KT + ∆UT . 1 1 MB (V 2Bf inal − V 2Binitial ) + k (∆xf2 − ∆xi2 ) 2 2

(12) (13)

but VBf inal = 0 and VBinitial = VBf from Eq. 11, and ∆xi = 0. k ∆xf MB 1.5 m/s

⇒ VBf ⇒ VBf

= =

(14) (15)

Using the expression obtained for VBf in Eq. 14, leads to the following expression for vbf : √ MB k ∆xf vbi − mb 100 m/s

vbf ⇒ vbf

= =

(16) (17)

(b) The mechanical energy lost in the collision is determined by considering ∆E .

∆E ∆E

= =

∆KT + ∆UT 1 1 1 mb (vbf2 − vbi2 ) + MB (VBf2 − VBi2 ) + k (∆xf2 − ∆xi2 ) 2 2 2

(18) (19)

Using the following values: vbf = 100 m/s, vbi = 400 m/s, VBf = 0 = VBi , ∆xf = 0.05 m, and ∆xi = 0 leads to the following answer:

∆E = -374 J

(20)

3. (20 pts) A car in an amusement park ride (roller-coaster) runs without friction around the track shown in the ﬁgure below. The car is initially at rest at point A at a height 3R above the bottom of the loop which has radius R. Treat the car as a particle.

(a) Compute the acceleration (vector ) at position B . (b) Compute the acceleration (vector ) at position C . A POSSIBLE SOLUTION (a) At position B , the roller coaster will experience an inward acceleration due to its speed at B , and the 2 B . One downward acceleration of gravity. The inward acceleration (centripetal acceleration) is ac = vR needs to ﬁnd the speed of the roller coaster at B . (Consider total mechanical energy!)

∆E 0 ⇒ vf

= = =

∆KT + ∆UT 1 m(vf2 − vi2 ) + m g (yf − y0 ) 2 2 g (y0 − yf )

(21) (22) (23)

To ﬁnd the speed at B , set y0 = 3R and yf = R in Eq. 23:

vB ⇒ ac ⇒ aB

= = =

2 g (2 R) vB2 = 4g R −4 g ˆ ı−g ˆ

(24) (25) (26)

(b) To ﬁnd the speed of the roller coaster at position C , set y0 = 3R and yf = 2R in Eq. 23:

vC ⇒ ac ⇒ aC

= = =

2 g (R) vC2 R = 2g

(27) (28) (29)

−2 g ˆ

Physics 101 Fall 2005: Test 2—Multiple-Choice Answers

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

A B C D E X X X X X X X X X X

- EM Lab MCQ3Uploaded bysushilkumar
- 5_A_Sound-of-MusicUploaded byGneiss Louie Gem Almazan
- 9th Class Physics Notes Chapter 3 AjkUploaded byAsher Kabir
- Statics Chapter 8 Tutorial 13th October 2015Uploaded byQawi Roslee
- ch 3 s.q.probUploaded byhassan
- Definition of FrictionUploaded bythexruminator
- Maya Tutorial - Creating the Logo Effect From the MatrixUploaded byapi-3700055
- Physics Midterm Review '13Uploaded bycstolvr
- HW02 - MathematicalModels01Uploaded byEinar Hm
- Chapter 2Uploaded byWong Wai Lun
- chp 2 11Uploaded byChong Xue Er
- s.s. Krotov With Solution 1.1 to 1.61Uploaded byAtul Verma
- Act 6_Frictional ForcesUploaded byAllan Roy Elnar
- TocUploaded by喜助浦原
- Physics Practice ProblemsUploaded byrea
- 2_ch02_LQ_e_ansUploaded byCHAN
- 1802-Paper-1(E)Uploaded byAlapan Ray
- Borang P&P 4 July 6 (1)Uploaded byAbdul Shariff
- Physics movement questions and solutionsUploaded byIvan Kalafatić
- monday119Uploaded byapi-282906646
- 4exp_AM_prelim6_P1Uploaded byJohn Goh
- 63bc1c75888d2026494e513496854c66Uploaded byAshnek
- KinematicsUploaded bySovaid Soroush Khan
- Dynamics ProblemsUploaded byNeil Patrick Cartajenas
- mecanica de los solidosII,,Cantidad de movimientoUploaded byXavi Gonzales
- g484 physics definitions update 2Uploaded byapi-236179294
- Kinematics.pdfUploaded byChandan Kumar
- 2. AITS-2Uploaded bythorgod94150
- Jee 2014 Booklet1 Hwt KinematicsUploaded byvarunkohliin
- Iit GeniusUploaded byAryan

- Diario Da Republica Homologação de ListaUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- ae_f1015_sol_testes.docxUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- Q Sat ColaboradoresUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- Teste 1 MecanicaUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- 2 Questao AulaUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- Poliedro-Fisica-1Uploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- Policy Exp Fr 4000048044Uploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- Determinação Do Coeficiente de Atrito CinéticoUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- cesarioverde.docUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- Personalidades Que Vieram à EscolaUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- Trabalho 3 PeriodoUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- Ficha_de_DNA_e_sintese_proteica.docxUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- Ficha de AutoverificaçãoUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- Problema RussoUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- Apre_Maria_Gaula1 (1)Uploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- fisikUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- Calcule a Resistência Entre Os Pontos a e B Do Circuito Ao LadoUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- 14112011 Atividade Avaliação 151Uploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- capa relatorio.docxUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- Tek56 Plan Anual 6anoUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- Capa RelatorioUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- Re82133 Fa11 Exploracao Al1 1Uploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- Ebay Carding [Breif]Uploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- CartaUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- História 3º PeriodoUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- Tek56 Plan Anual 5anoUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- teste leme.pdfUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- Poliedro-Fisica-1Uploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- fisicaQuimicaA11_12_V1_01_2008.pdfUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta
- Atividade Pratica Pêndulo GravíticoUploaded byJosé Teixeira da Motta