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The AVALON HILL
Published First Day O f Every Other Month

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SUBSCRIPTION $4.98

VOLUME 2, NO. 1

Publication Office: 210 West 28th Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21211

MAY 1965

$QUANDER-THE GAME FOR BORN LOSERS
Behind the Publishi Scene - Par
In the l a s t i s s u e we d i s c u s s e d t h e 5s t e p cycle of designing a new game. But designing i s only half t h e "battle. " Of equal i m p o r t a n c e +s getting a new g a m e onto the r e t a i l s h e l v e s and u l t i m a t e l y into the c o n s u m e r ' s hands. P r o m o t i o n i s the Key Today i t t a k e s a wildly exciting a d v e r t i s i n g campaign t o get your product noticed. C a s e in point i s $quander, o u r b r a n d new m a s s - m a r k e t game. ( B a t t l e g a m e fanatics should s k i p t h i s a r t i c l e , t h i s g a m e ' s not f o r you. ) Even though the concept of play i s a d e p a r t u r e f r o m o u r u s u a l f o r m a t o u r c o n s u m e r panel f e l t that i t w a s up t o the Avalon Hill s t a n d a r d of enjoyment. It f e a t u r e s a completely different philosophy.. . t h e winner i s the l o s e r . I t ' s Monopoly in r e v e r s e $quander i s the g a m e f o r b o r n l o s e r s . So h e r e i s a "can't m i s s " g a m e a s f a r . a s design i s concerned. But how will the public find out about i t . AS with o u r b a t t l e t i t l e s , p r i m e n e c e s s i t y i s the i n s e r t i o n of p r i n t e d a d v e r t i s e m e n t s in m a g a z i n e s t h a t a r e d i s t r i b u t e d t o the a g e groups we s e e k . S p o r t s Illus t r a t e d , Boys Life, Venture a r e typical magazines we s e l e c t . F r e e Publicity Supporting t h i s "paid-in" m a g a z i n e a d v e r t i s i n g a r e p r e s s r e l e a s e s which a r e m a i l e d out t o thousands of newsp a p e r s a n d m a g a z i n e s who a r e happy t o r e c e i v e t h i s type of f i l l e r m a t e r i a l . A s a m a t t e r of f a c t , t h e r e a r e quite a few well-known e d i t o r s who a r e Avalon Hill afficionados t h e m s e l v e s a n d a r e m o r e than willing t o ' l p u s h l ' o u r p r o ducts a t no c h a r g e . Point of S a l e A d v e r t i s i n g Counter display m a t e r i a l containing Product Folders a r e sent to retailers f r e e of c h a r g e which helps a t t r a c t the attention of the c a s u a l s h o p p e r t o o u r products on the s h e l v e s . Window f the g a m e c o u n t e r s .

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D i r e c t Mail Not the l e a s t i m p o r t a n t i s the d i r e c t m a i l campaign. E v e r y p e r s o n that s e n d s in a R e g i s t r a t i o n C a r d i s placed on o u r c o n s u m e r mailing l i s t s o that they can b e informed of t h e l a t e s t in AH products. T h i s type of promotion a l s o i s a m e r c h a n d i s i n g a i d to the r e sheet actutailer since our llhard-selllg a l l y c r e a t e s m o r e s t o r e t r a f f i c f o r him. Most people on o u r mailing l i s t much p r e f e r running down t o t h e i r Avalon Hill d e a l e r t o pick up the new g a m e in p e r s o n r a t h e r than o r d e r i n g through the m a i l s . T r a d e Advertising A l l of the above a d v e r t i s i n g a n d promotional s u p p o r t i s of no value unl e s s we can convince the middle m e n that we have a winner. T h e r e f o r e , a s i s the custom in the industry, we e m ploy f a c t o r y r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s a l l o v e r the country who c a l l on the w h o l e s a l e r s a n d r e t a i l e r s in p e r s o n . They a r e the hub of t h e e n t i r e promotional wheel. T o give t h e m ammunition, we r u n t r a d e - a d v e r t i s e m e n t s that a p p e a r in publications such a s Toys & Novelties, Playthings, Toy & Hobby World, e t c . , which a r e distributed s t r i c t l y t o toy a n d game buyers. These ads make them a w a r e of the e x i s t e n c e of o u r products and the availability of new g a m e s .

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The M a r c h i s s u e f e a t u r e d a r e p l a y of Stalingrad w h e r e i n the G e r m a n player attacked a t 1-2 odds in m o s t c a s e s . Since then, m a n y s u b s c r i b e r s have submitted " b e t t e r " s t a r t i n g defensive lineups f o r the R u s s i a n player designed to preclude the swift breakthrough made by the G e r m a n p l a y e r in the e a r l y s t a g e s of the g a m e that w a s replayed. Most of the plans submitted w e r e p r e d i c a t e d upon keeping a skeleton R u s s i a n f o r c e in ~ i n a l n din o r d e r to b o l s t e r the defense in the PolishHungarian line. Our d e s i g n staff picked out a few of t h e s e and s e t t h e m up. In one c a s e , the G e r m a n p l a y e r had occupied Leningrad on the t h i r d t u r n b e c a u s e Finland had been left too weak. In o t h e r c a s e s , the German-Finnish troops s o harrassed the weak R u s s i a n f o r c e left in Finland that the R u s s i a n p l a y e r w a s constantly running t r o o p s b a c k and f o r t h f r o m the P o l i s h b o r d e r . Such vascillation ultim a t e l y c r e a t e d a hole and the G e r m a n player w a s able to capitalize. T h e r e w e r e , however, s o m e e x c e l l e n t c o m p r o m i s e s and the G e r m a n p l a y e r was h a r d put t o m a k e any headway. We a r e r e - p r i n t i n g s e v e r a l s e t t h e m up and s e e how they stand the "1-2" test. The f i r s t i s f r o m A r t Schneider, 6720 23rd Avenue. Kenosha, Wisconsin. "Stalingrad replayed in the January (Continued on P a g e 2)

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Instant S u c c e s s $quander h a s b e c o m e a n instant s u c c e s s with the toy b u y e r s who have be'en a s k i n g u s f o r y e a r s t o develop a g a m e f o r the m a s s - m a r k e t . H e r e i s a g a m e

that s t a r t s you off with a million $quand e r b u c k s . The object i s t o b e the f i r s t t o throw your money away - even f a s t e r than the government d o e s it. The beauty of it a l l i s the f a c t that i t s t i l l r e q u i r e s a g r e a t d e a l of thought t o win the game. A s in that a l l - t i m e g r e a t . Monopoly, the b r i g h t e r p l a y e r s will invariably win m o s t of t h e t i m e . T h a t ' s why the toy b u y e r s a r e going c r a z y o v e r $quander. They e s p e c i a l l y l i k e the f a c t that i t s p r i c e d a t $3.98, just like Monopoly. Now, we don't have anything against Monopoly - a f t e r a l l , i t took 30 y e a r s t o come up with something b e t t e r .

" The second. a new group of a r e a editors takes over for the next six issues. ( I think) GRID COORDINATE S-18 U-18 X-15 X-16 2-16 AA-15 BB-15 CC-14 EE-12 JJ-12 KK-14 NN-13 00-13 UNITS BY COMBAT FACTORS 7-10. - east The r e s t a r e r e s e r v e o r in Finland. 0 through 57 run along North and South edges angled southeast-northwest. especially those f a r distant f r o m the e a s t coast offices of Avalon Hill. July.4-6 5-7.. Printed in U .THE GENERAL PAGE 2 after Jon P e r i c a ' s west coast Game Analysis Club. Pennsylvania. New York 14226 EDITOR covering Maine. one roll in six will turn up the desired number. He heads up a Chicago club patterned . i s one-sixth. The editors themselves a r e selected on the b a s i s of diversification of gaming interests.4-6. He has alrady designed a game titled Chickamauga and chose the battle of Antietam a s the subjectfor a t e r m paper. the subsequent moves.. Stan Wolcott. of Washington in Seattle. Editorships have been r e -aligned into is five t e r r i t o r i e s . It allows the reader to a i r his views with editors of his own geographic and l i t e r a r y climate. Maryland. listed a s com mander of the Union XU[ Corps in the Gettysburg game. Here. Amherst's l i t e r a r y magazine. Of course. H. 5-7 5-7. Massachusetts. The Avalon Hill Gmeral is edited mdpublished by the Avalon Hill Company. 6 . Plumb claims that Avalon Hill games " a r e more engrossing than Chess since the possible combinations and the chance to show one's originality i s much greater. 5-7 5-7.a new midwest editor. In the southeast. C. Why Editors a t All? The establishment of a r e a editorships promotes a c l o s e r kinship with readers. and has become just about the most fantatical Avalon Hill devotee of the afficionado group. room 356 Haggett Hall. . Shagrin. and I think I have one that will limit the German 1-2 Blitz a s much a s T e r r a i n will allow. Laurence Plumb 126 Washington Highway Amherst. and the willingness of the German to take r i s k s will still determine the game. Bucharest i s QQ9. anything of interest you have to say may very well wind up in sections of their respective columns. The probability of a given event i s defined a s the number of favorable outcomes over the total number of possible outcomes. - R18 AA15 C36 E36 8 9 10 11 G34 J31 JJl2 216 . New Editors Appointed to Staff - (Continued f r o m Page 1. New J e r s e y .A. Rounding out the staff is Tom A. U. Baltimore. plan campaighs. replacement rate. Vermont. . Cavalry 2 A3 6 S18 4 6 A36 Armor 1 2 3 4 Infantry 2 3 4 5 C36 U18 E36 G34 6 7 15 53 1 X15 EEl2 Probability for Tactics & Strategy by Laurence Plumb One of the most important abilities of every strategist and tactician i s the ability to a r r i v e at a decision under a given s e t of combat conditions. Rhode Island.3 4-6 2-3 4-6. His mind must combine the intangibles such a s t e r r a i n . Maryland. pyschological condition. and enemy capability with the tangibles such a s odds. Bosseler in the southwest. Kentucky. He will feature a r t i c l e s in his column on how to "attack. what ? We urge you to write them. 5-7. Of course. 5-7. Nicholson i s a member of the Honor Society a t Seneca High in Louisville. As a pyscology major in college. o r one in six. This means that on the average. 5-7 4-6 2-3 As The General begins its second year of publication. Bosseler's ultimate aim i s just to get out of high school so he may devote m o r e time to winning Avalon Hill games. felt that the Nemunas River bend needed defensive bolstering. I ' Plumb i s a direct descendant f r o m General Slocum. Brundage. His straight "A" scholastic standing h a s obtained for him two nominations to the Air Force academy and a four. A first board Chess player a t Amherst Central High. f r o m Richard A. avowed Confederate Marc Nicholson t. i s the w e s t editor. 5-7. Connecticut. March. New York. 5-7. 4-6 4-6. Taking c r e d i t for his wife's a r t i c l e s will be Myron R. In the case of the die the probability of rolling any single number. Brundagets interesting background includes employment for two s u m m e r s a s a field foreman with Reynolds Survey. Baltimore." Quite an intersting lineup of editors. GENERAL seemed to offer a challengefor a foolproof Russian Order of Battle. Leningrad i s K3 1. Thus you can count on an excellent cross-section of views each and every issue f r o m the newly appointed editors. and win every game. In this a r t i c l e I would like to examine the odds chart briefly to a s s i s t the r e a d e r to a r r i v e a t such decisions. New Hampshire. . Wolcott's ultimate aim i s to enter international politics. then. May. The son of an Air Force careerman. say a four. and movement factor to develop a favorable and logical solution to a military situation.y e a r Regent's Scholarship to the University of Nebraska.. we will continue to include a r t i c l e s from the previous editors whose contributions in the f i r s t year of publication helped make this magazine a rousing success. i s his complete setup: Grid System: A through W W run along E a s t and West edges.as been appointed o n the basis of his interest inmilitary history. Europe. o r one-sixth of the time the die will have a four face up. but this o r d e r of battle would surely be an a s s e t because no major r i v e r lines could be breached in the f i r s t move. 4-6 4-6 5-7. Copyright 1964 T. defend. Warsaw i s 213. S. a bi-monthly magazine mailed pretty dose to the first day o f January. September and November. A. he has studied statistical methods and rhetoric. 5-7 7-10. Heading the Laurence Plumb who has had several articles published in the Triad.

in ten s e t s of three one to twos. French Opening Moves The F player shoulddivide his troops into three groups. This will give the probability of losing every attack. In D-Day they can be helpful in determining an invasion a r e a . Brundage 330 W. Amand. The product of the separate totals (516 x 516 x 516) i s 1251216 or. DB2. the F will have to work quite hard to pull the game out of the fir. Usually. Wisconsin. The main stack of cavalry i s also placed a t QB. I think the French have it almost a l l their own way. The remaining infantry is placed in a line on the Ligne River covering the a r e a f r o m the secondary road to St. + + I Midwest - I Myron R. o r 10 would exchange with enemy units. EXC. Their sum (116 t 216 + 116) i s 416. Out of these sixty factors. it will l a t e r be used to defend the hills around the road junction. he should be able to destroy a t l e a s t a s many F units. Kentucky EDITOR . Second. I most often play the French side. EXC. he can t r y 1 to 1 o r even 1 to 2 attacks. Probability can a l s o be used t o determine the macroscopic position one could expect to find oneself after a given s e t of attacks against the enemy. Illinois 60614 covering Ohio. Missouri. The P-A-A player relied on the old axiom that the best defense i s a good offense. F o r example. lose in the end. I promise to give this column my b e s t effort. Hence out of six two to one attacks one could expect t o win four of them. Tennessee. this attack can irrepairably cripple. Mississippi. Anyhow. West Virginia. P-A-A Loses Too Often As I stated above. Maryland D. o r i t could be put to use in the l a t e s t German strategy of massive s e t s of one to twos by giving a n estimate of what l o s s e s the German commander could expect. Arkansas. There must be a better line of defense. suppose one were contemplating a two to one attack. 216 216) AB2. Alabama. Now o r Never The P player must now attack. In o r d e r to determine the probability of any one given attack succeeding add the separate favorable outcomes. I a m going to conduct a s o r t of a survey. enough French cavalry gets off the board to eliminate the P. Two-sixths o r twenty factors would be eliminated by the AE. Hence. One-sixth. DB2 (Exchange would not be considered favorable since the defender would still be smiling happily behind h i s unbreached r i v e r line). The strategy behind these opening moves is three-fold. First. perhaps a s many a s six o r eight. Other players must confine themselves to more conservative attacks. Personally. The cavalry that was not used in the main stack i s placed around the infantry so a s to prevent i t from being attacked on the f i r s t turn. by setting a minimum probability of 9/10 a s the probability of moving a s h o r e one might be tempted to invade a seemingly I Southeast ( Marc Nicholson 2425 Meadow Road Louisville 5. In o r d e r to determine the probability of a given s e t of attacks succeeding multiply the unfavorable r e s u l t s in the f i r s t attack by the unfavorable r e s u l t s in the second attack by the unfavorable r e s u l t s in the third attack and s o onuntil all the separate attacks have been included. One such system I will relate to you now. Subtracting this f r o m one will give the complementwhich is not losing every attack. Louisiana. the psychological effect i s also important. fall back slowly on Mont St. such a s that may prove to be. The few times I have lost. I would appreciate hearing your comments. Third. C. Of course. IlliEDITOR nois. AB2 and A E ) to be indicative of the whole attack. Bismarck by Mail by Myron R. the P i s fighting only p a r t of the F . and AE) total (116 516. Waterloo Defense by Marc Nicholson I would like to open my f i r s t column by publicly expressing my thanks to AVALON HILL for making m e an editor. PAA groups all P units into stacks of 15 (the cavalry presents some problems.. the main F force. we could expect to win a n attack in four of them. Minnesota. Jean.approximately 61 10. this battle takes several turns. o r winning a t least one of them. F o r example. the r e s t being too f a r away to help.THE GENERAL DB2 EXC AB2 AE 116 116 216 216 116 116 116 216 116 216 116 116 solidly defended beach when nine times out of ten the Allies would move a s h o r e ! In Stalingrad i t can be very helpful in determining the number of one to twos necessary to insure (by insure I mean a probability of 9/10 o r better) the cracking of a r i v e r line. I have been the victim of radical defenses. and Tilly. South Carolina. F i r s t . Kentucky. allowing the AA reinforcements to a r r i v e on the scene. One stack of infantry is initially placed near Quatre B r a s . Quatre Bras. If he is lucky with the die. Assume each of the s e p a r a t e probabilities (DE. suppose one to twos were being made along a n entire front with a total of sixty attack factors. Indiana. The P-A-A player usually follows the same defense pattern. The AA troops will now have to fight only the I and I1 corps. IV Corps by defection. To adapt your Bismarck game to . Consequently. As long a s it i s retained. F o r example. It gives the initiative to the PAA. Michigan. P-A-A Must Attack As a student of F r e n c h f o r four y e a r s . One instance where they don't will occupy the r e s t of this column. c r i t i c i s m s and suggestions. Brundage Avalon Hill's Bismarck i s a naval game which i s easily adaptable to playby-mail. I feel that the French player has a much e a s i e r time of 'it in Waterloo. The favorable outcomes would most likely be considered to be DE. suppose cess t h e r e would be if three one to twos were attempted against a r i v e r line. Florida.. A light mixed force will move toward QB. Georgia. The unfavorable r e s u l t s a t one t o two (EXC. I invite anyone who has a workable opening and/or move for either side in Waterloo to write me. but that's the way it goes). North Carolina. Virginia. Totaling the eliminated units we find that thirty out of sixty factors would be eliminated either through exchanges o r d i r e c t elimination. I a m quite an avid fan of Napoleon. thank you AVALON HILL. Iowa. It can be sent to either Nivelles o r Ligney a s the battle demands.coveringDelaware. At one to two there i s only one favorable event. The I and I1 Corps will advance on Nivelles. These three calculations can be very helpful in determining both strategy and tactics. 116 o r 10 would force the enemy back two. Next. Subtracting this f r o m one we get 4/10. The P will eventually lose all the units that he puts into the fight but by striking f i r s t . fight for Nivelles. and DB2. The r e maining main force will move up from Fleurus and attack the P cavalry screen. Two-sixths o r (60 x 216) twenty factors would be forced back two. Dickens Chicago.

4 & 5 Midships. Using R e c o r d Sheets Next. And with that I leave you f o r now with this thought: "Your r u l e s a r e your Bible-know them and you know your game. etc". One to s e r v e a s a n information sheet between you and your opponent. A r m . f o r example. 5 Sec. F o r A-range ( 1 s q u a r e a p a r t ) : To Broadside. Chicago. The Battle Results Table f o r Brange (2 s q u a r e s a p a r t ) i s a s follows: To Broadside. the F r e n c h and Prussian-Anglo-Allied. 3 & 4 S t e r n h i t s . 0. 1-3 Bow hits. ( 2 ) to the right of s a m e and below the T i m e Record. That i s . 1 & 2 S t e r n h i t s . This i s done by counting out two zone s q u a r e s in a l l directions f r o m the zone B i s m a r c k i s known to b e in o r if zone i s not known. if approximately known and a s q u a r e . i t s e e m s appropriate t o speak of another anniversary. A Plea for Napoleonic Warfare by Stan Wolcott This being the f i r s t a n n i v e r s a r y i s sue of the General. etc). F r i d a y ' s a r e a l s o good because i t takes two days traveling t i m e f o r each l e t t e r and one days contemplation and writing giving s i x days between closing dates. who gets two e x t r a because she can f i r e a t two ships simultaneously in a . 3 & 4 Midships. F o r B i s m a r c k (7 & 8 ) a r e tee P o r t side and (9 & 10) a r e the Starb. 'I. preferably F r i days. N e b r a s k a EDITOR . . 4 & 5 f o r "Bismarck t u r n s on CV o r CA in s a m e zone and sinks one. t h e r e f o r e . t h i s decisive battle has been r e c r e a t e d in exacting detail by Avalon Hill in their game of the s a m e name. a r e able to maneuver their f o r c e s over the t e r r a i n of the accurately reproduced mapboard. This i s done s o that the B r i t i s h player can keep a r e c o r d of his co-ordinates between l e t t e r s and turns. When a gun i s hit that stock i s stricken f r o m the l i s t and i s not used f o r the r e s t of the Battle. On this sheet you keep the r e c o r d s of time and of hits in battle a s in a n o r m a l game of Bismarck. Since the B r i t i s h can only u s e one Sec. ( 3 ) and in the e x t r e m e right hand bottom c o r n e r . one stock f o r each shot. To Bow. Since play-by-mail can get to b e a long ordeal. T o Stern. 4 & 5 S t e r n h i t s . 4-0 Misses. Oregon. begins play on June 16th and concludes i t on June 20th. You and your opponent may build your own o r u s e the following tables: F o r the S e a r c h Board c h a n c e Table. denoting g e n e r a l direction. Nebraska. Wyoming. digits 1-3 stand f o r "Misty Weather. 1 . a l s o of i n t e r e s t to w a r g a m e r s . etc. ten digit tables a r e needed r a t h e r than the s i x digit ones printed on your S e a r c h and Battle Boards. i t i s suggested t o cut down the length of correspondence that two specific l i s t s of stocks be chosen in advance of battles f o r you and your opponent. 4-0 Misses. one side will s e r v e a s yours. Dickens. etc. a t a t i m e ( 8 & 9 ) will suffice. by counting two s q u a r e s in a l l directions f r o m the A r e a B i s m a r c k i s known t o be i n and connecting the l e t t e r s of t h e s e zones. The f i r s t s i x stocks (1-6) and the l a s t six stocks ( 11-16) of the B i s m a r c k ' s l i s t a r e always used f o r Bow and S t e r n PAGE 4 T u r r e t s respectfully. Washington. 5-0 Misses. The Bism a r c k player only need place h i s coordinate next t o the word B i s m a r c k on h i s own such sheet to keep his r e c o r d . wherea s B r i t i s h ships can only u s e one side a t a time. digits 1 & 2 stand f o r " B i s m a r c k locates a B r i t i s h Convoy and sinks s a m e . to u s e both h e r secondary a r m a m e n t s . 6 & 7 Sec. the direction the Bow of your ship i s facing (North. It i s wise to place your name a t the top next t o where i t s a y s S e a r c h Board and your opponent's name on t h e r e v e r s e side. Illinois 60614. 8-0 Swordfish's planes sight and conduct a e r i a l torpedo attack. the other a s your opponent's. The B r i t i s h player places the name of h i s C r u i s e r s and A i r c r a f t C a r r i e r s on the other Record sheet. Conducting of Battle Battle i s resolved s i m i l a r l y t o the Afrika Korps method of play-by-mail. covering the e n t i r e campaign r a t h e r than just the battle itself. includ- . Montana. The game. 6 & 7 "British CA's launch t o r pedo attack.3 Bow hits. During this time interval the two players. by placing a 'lB" a t Bergen and drawing a l i n e f r o m each s u c c e s s i v e zone o r A r e a s h e a p p e a r s in throughout the game. lA. This r e c o r d sheet the B r i t i s h player keeps f o r h i s own use. . - West Stan Wolcott P. etc. That i s . T h e r e f o r e . If you wish t o give i t m o r e r e a l i s m you can add the d e g r e e s of the compass t o the direction by saying. but not the n a m e s of h i s Battlewagons being a s they a r e a l r e a d y printed. Since maps a r e provided you can on one t r a c e the p r o g r e s s of B i s m a r c k through the game. If and when a multiship batt l e o c c u r s the . multiship battle and i s a b l e . 8 Midships. Northeast. 3-8 stands f o r "British a i r recon sights Bismarck. Colorado. exact direction and d e g r e e s on compass.THE GENERAL play-by-mail. F o r the Torpedo Table. 1-3 Midships. This informs both p l a y e r s of where B i s m a r c k ' s possible moves a r e on the following t u r n and m a y even s e r v e a s a tactical tool f o r helping the B r i t i s h player find and concentrate on Bism a r c k ' s movements. 'I. Each l i s t r e p r e senting the total salvo count that any one ship can possibly have in a single round of battle.e n c i r c l e ment around i t of two s q u a r e s i n a l l directions. 'I. 6-0 M i s s e s . 6-0 Misses. Utah. which o c c u r s in a few weeks. To Bow. Since the r e c o r d sheet i s printed on both s i d e s . To Sternk 1-3 S t e r n hits. On the other m a p can b e shown Bism a r c k ' s suspected position. ". As m o s t of you a l r e a d y know. Canada. because F r i d a y ' s r e s u l t s a l s o a p p e a r in Saturday papers. the eventwhich ended the Napoleonic E r a . Then place l e t t e r s A t h r u H vertically along one side f r o m c o r n e r s reading Northeast to Southeast. Alaska. m a r k s the 150th a n n i v e r s a r y of the battle of Waterloo. Idaho. Box 381 Hastings. etc. 3D. Bow Facing SSE 120°. 4 & 5 Midships. Superlatives f o r WATERLOO In the words of p a s t editors. F o r the Battle Board Chance Table.British player submits to the B i s m a r c k player additional l i s t s of stocks totaling the exact salvo count f o r each of h i s bther ships. South Dakota. 1-3 Bow hits. 1 & 2 Bow h i t s . E a s t . Kansas. 9-0 stands for "No Effect". 1815. 6-0 M i s s e s . Southeast. T h r e e places w h e r e they can b e written in a r e ( 1 ) above the word B i s m a r c k and t o the left of where i t s a y s Hit Record. remove two S e a r c h Board Record Sheets f r o m the tablet. L a t e r . o r South. F o r the B r i t i s h (1-7) i s always Bow and (10-14) always Stern. 9 & 0 M i s s e s . Any q u e r i e s about this s y s t e m will be welcomed a t 330 W. f i r s t put a g r i d on your battle board. etc. Along with t h e s e l i s t s of stocks go a l i s t of closing dates.covering North Dakota. the r e s u l t being one heck of a challenging game to all concerned. A r m . A r m . when positioning your ships on the Battle Board r e f e r f i r s t to t h e i r grid co-ordinate. and then to t h e i r Bow Facing. Thus totaling 14 f o r the B r i t i s h and 16 f o r B i s m a r c k . This coming June 18th. etc. placing n u m b e r s one thru seven horizontally along the n a r r o w ends of the board f r o m the c o r n e r s reading Northwest t o Northeast and Southwest t o Southeast. These l i s t s will s e r v e t h r u e v e r y round of battle. Thanks t o John Rockholz and George Callen f o r t h e i r m a j o r contributions toward perfecting this play-by-mail s y s t e m .

" PAGE 5 best to lose a few games while practicing than to only half l e a r n each attack. reveal the same game possibilities a s WATERLOO. Ex. take this a s an invitation to drop m e a line voicing your thoughts on the subject and I. While there i s an overabundance of material on the Second World War. P r e r e q u i s i t e s for an Interesting Battle Game (1) Simplicity . ( 2 ) Balance Neither side has a preponderant advantage over the other. a s a wargaming enthusiast your response will have profound effect upon the p r o duction of future games! In the months to come. The following diagrams of attacks a r e very basic and fundamental. Probably most of you out there also have a favorite battle you would like to see materialize into a game. Why then have they been s o neglected? F o r myself. 2 ) Flank-maneuver around unit leavingopen r e t r e a t . being an exponent of Napoleonic warfare. should not altogether preclude Avalon Hill f r o m making a game of this period. Good for reducing strongpoints. F i r s t . 4 ) Attrition-continuous attack. Good for reducing strength of enemy. maybe even m o r e . one may ask that if WATERLOO i s such a successful game. TACTICAL ATTACKS 1) Frontal-hit front part of unit when sides a r e covered. the reader. Sometimes costly in material. Write In! If so. Obviously. lack of documentation. which to my mind a r e a s follows. In closing. F a r East. 7 ) Frontal Soak-off attack of weak units in continuous line.The original situation has been faithfully recreated and i s historically correct. In either case if A has sufficient r e s e r v e s he will gain two squares. Nevada. this would be only a minor difficulty in their "5-Step Cycle. Not until you have each and every a t tack a t your command can you even consider using strategy in a game. I believe WATERLOO i s probably the b e s t battle game Avalon Hill h a s produced to date. Good against outposts. The Reason Why? There a r e two things which I feel a r e responsible for this situation. Of the battle games produced by Avalon Hill. 8 ) Flank Soak-off-getting by strongpoints leaving defender's r e t r e a t open. while maybe a hindrance. there a r e seven games dealing with World War I1 and only two with other wars. Marshal Turenne. I'd like to write articles about things in which you. there i s a corresponding scarcity of it on the Napoleonic Wars. -Here A has advanced a s f a r a s possible. If they have reached the high degree of efficiency in r e s e a r c h . Louis XIV's ablest general. etc. Good for feints and holding attacks. These w a r s oi long ago shaped history a s much as World War 11. yet none have been followed up. . California EDITOR covering Oklahoma. why then haven't m o r e games following its format been produced ? Most Napoleonic campaigns upon inspection. Accordingly. The Second World War has impermeated the minds of Avalon Hill and w a r g a m e r s to the point that every other period of warfare has been overshadowed. the outcome depends almost solely on the players themselves. - - - GRAND TACTICS (combination attacks) A Question These then a r e the characteristics of an enjoyable and interesting battle game and I feel that WATERLOO h a s come very near to fulfilling them all. Hawaii. they were also the anvil f r o m which modern strategy and tactics were forged. "For strategic and tactical maneuver the best game" and finally "one of the best AH games and certainly one of the best balanced. It contains all of the p r e r e q uisites for an interesting game. Texas. Nevertheless.The rules and object of the game a r e easily understood and readily learned. Good against salients. the game does not become very monotonous o r stereotyped. To wit." To add my own comments to those of the others. -Notice that instead of attacking odds. I would like to leave with you one of my favorite military sayings which all of us would do well to r e m e m ber. Next turn A will gain this t e r r i t o r y a t a minimal loss. It s e e m s t o me that most people (and Avalon Hill) don't want to fool around with Play-Balance. a s well a s others. Can be costly in time. you should apply each attack in a lot of games in o r d e r to l e a r n them. particularly the Napoleonic Era. California. Can be costly in material. in turn. a r e interested in. - - $ s ' ? ' C K 2 I h Southwest Tom A. the closeness of the Second World War to the present generation. As in chess. 5) Double-Flank surrounds enemy leaving no r e t r e a t . will relay them on to Avalon Hill. without emphasis on the roll of the die. once said "When a gene r a l makes no mistakes in war it i s because he has not been at it long.THE GENERAL ing my predecessor. which they boast of. (3) Variety There a r e a s many methods of playing the game a s there a r e playe r s . 3 ) Pincer-surround enemy before attack. I ' 6 ) Siege-surrounds units without attacking. I would like to see battle games made of the Liepzig and Austerlitz campaigns. New Mexico. Good for forcing r e t r e a t s . A divided his attacks a t I1banzait1 into two sacrifices and two "stomps. s o don't hesitate to write m e about your p r e f e r ences. Second. Next turn D will either a t tack o r r e t r e a t . and (4) Authenticity . a s doubtless it is. although even i t has defects whichmight be corrected. Can leave attacking units without adequate support in case of counterattack. To improve your gameplaying you should memorize completel! the following methods of attacks. including their newest game BATTLE O F THE BULGE. Bosseler 5423 Fallbrook Avenue Woodland Hills. I a m writing only a r t i c l e s on gaming strategy and tactics and realistic play. Arizona. WATERLOO i s "the most accurate of a l l war games". A P l e a to Avalon Hill Let this then be a plea to AvalonHill for the production of games in a r e a s other than World War 11. Remember. This l a s t reason. leaves no r e t r e a t . they will be of invaluable help in writing the column. many variations of each attack a r e possible. It's - Ex.

B i s m a r c k c a n with a l i t t l e l u c k s n a t c h one up on h e r way b a c k t o p o r t . No s i n g l e B r i t i s h s h i p should e v e r take h e r a t night b e c a u s e of the f i r e power advantage. S e v e r a l things m u s t b e r e m e m b e r e d i n examining t h e s e thoughts. Brussels by 20 June by A l b e r t A . . a t sea this i s dangerous a s the e n e m y m a y well catch you. A p r i m e r u l e f o r t h e B r i t i s h t o follow is t o t e a m u p battles h i p s with two t o g e t h e r a t a l l t i m e s . The c r u i s e r s can b e u s e d t o f o r m a s c r e e n which expands f r o m top t o b o t t o m on e a c h move until t h e b o a r d i s blocked off into twohalves. failed only b e c a u s e f a r too many ranking o f f i c e r s w e r e no l o n g e r up t o t h e i r long e s t a b l i s h e d high r e c o r d s of p e r f o r m a n c e . T h i s is t h e l o w e r i n g of e n e m y m o r a l e . R e m e m b e r . b r i l l i a n t in i t s bold g r a s p of the s i t u ation. T h i s is the tactician's masterpiece. T h e r e a r e many combinations of the twelve.THE GENERAL 9 ) P i n c e r Soak-off-surrounds e n e m y strongpoints. trating s o that the German's escape i s p r e t t y much timing a n d luck. i n this c a s e i t d o e s n ' t h u r t t o fight a s you will pick u p points t o h e l p even if you a r e caught. not only p r e v e n t s t h e e n e m y f r o m obtaining i t . 111 Since just about everybody s e e m s t o have a f a v o r i t e t h e o r y on how t o win a t t h i s o r t h a t g a m e . T h i s d i c t u m is b a s e d on the f a c t t h a t i t m a y well l e a v e B i s m a r c k in a damaged state. 1 PAGE 6 Too often the t h i r d possibility. Keep B a t t l e s h i p s i n P a i r s On the B r i t i s h s i d e t h e a m a t e u r a d m i r a l should deploy h i s s h i p s to c o v e r e v e r y p o s s i b l e s q u a r e .I t ' s a l l u p f o r D ' s Heavy A r m o r and . Another g e n e r a l r u l e i s t o b r e a k c o n t a c t if a fight looks l i k e i t will l a s t o v e r t h r e e b a t t l e b o a r d moves. T h e b e s t possible plan I have found i s t o k e e p t h e p a i r s of heavy s h i p s in a s o r t of t r i a n g l e with t h e slow ships closer to German t e r r i t o r y s o t h a t they will have t i m e t o move. however. f o r i n s t a n c e one of m y opponents m a d e a fool of a p e r f e c t t r a p o n m y p a r t by u s e of a football buttonhook which l e f t t h e e n t i r e B r i t i s h Navy s t a r i n g a t B i s m a r c k ' s wake.h i s line. gain of position. F r o m t h e r e t h e G e r m a n m u s t play i t by e a r l i t e r a l l y .HE ATTACK T o m o s t people. It involves e i t h e r making the e n e m y believe h i s position i s hopel e s s but a l s o producing a m o m e n t a r y p a r a l y s i s of h i s r e s e r v e s . Even Ney-the " b r a v e s t . The definition t o the t h i r d possibility. If t h e e n e m y i s s o stupid a s to d i s p e r s e h i s c a p i t a l s h i p s on a one p e r s q u a r e b a s i s . Then t h e B r i t i s h c a n s w e e p w e s t until B i s m a r c k i s f o r c e d t o move t o w a r d home. My f a v o r i t e i s s o m e w h e r e i n t h e neighborhood of E-5-c. and R a m i l l i e s . In t h e f i r s t place n o plan is foolproof even if s o m e fool thinks i t is. the object of t h e a t t a c k h a s two p o s s i b i l i t i e s . one to w o r r y about the odds too much and d e v i s e d a plan which took advantage of t h e d i s p e r s e d condition of the A n g l o . T h i s concludes m y l i s t of a t t a c k s . The e n e m y m a y well b r i n g up r e i n f o r c e m e n t s t o complicate things. With luck s h e can b e blocked with a p a i r of capital s h i p s . Notice a l s o t h a t e n e m y c o u n t e r a t t a c k i s n ' t plausible. 12) Mass-continuous a t t a c k on one spot by many methods. Head f o r t h e C o r n e r On t h e G e r m a n ' s s i d e i t i s definitely a b e s t b e t t o head f o r the f a r t h e r e s t c o r n e r of y o u r p o s s i b l e move. No two opponents a r e exactly a l i k e and what will d e s t r o y one u t t e r l y will play into a n o t h e r ' s h a n d s completely. i n m i d .human n a t u r e . On no account should the G e r m a n a c c e p t c o m b a t on h i s way out u n l e s s facing a v e r y weak s h i p o r a m e d i u m one a t night. t h e I m p e r i a l A r m y m a r c h e d n o r t h into Belgium i t w a s opposed by two a r m i e s e a c h of which w a s equal t o i t in s i z e and s t r e n g t h . the powerful e n e m y unit will be helpless. T h e s e g r o u p s should be c l o s e enough f o r m u t u a l s u p p o r t . A will a t t e m p t t h e breakthrough. M a t e r i a l l o s s t o the e n e m y i s benef i c i a l when you have a n overwhelming s u p e r i o r i t y . Rodney. but only when s h e i s s e v e r e l y damaged. If t h e B i s m a r c k i s s m a r t a n d plots t h e position of h i s p u r s u e r s e a c h t u r n he c a n f a i r l y soon pick out t h e s e a r c h patt e r n i n u s e and l o c a t e the e n e m y b a t t l e s h i p s . but allows you t o give b a t t l e a t your own t i m e and place. . is up t o you. A f t e r a while D should f e e l the m a t e r i a l l o s s and then. Nofi When. s u b t l e r but just a s deadly. 11 ) Double-Flank Soak-off .a t t a c k of s a l i e n t while soaking off a t t h e b a s e .J u n e 1815. P r i n c e of Wales. The E m p e r o r w a s not. Ex. When B i s m a r c k h a s been h u r t i t i s s a f e t o b r e a k up G e o r g e V. The second possibility. Tactics for Bismarck by Walter G u e r r y G r e e n . T h i s plan. e s p e c i a l l y t h e slow o n e s .P r u s s i a n a r m i e s . Another hint. only c o n s t a n t a p plication of e a c h will i m p r o v e your playing. and B i s m a r c k n e e d s t o k e e p well a h e a d of p u r s u i t t o have r o o m t o m a n e u v e r . 10) A t t r i t i o n Soak-off-attack of many units by many units.A f t e r t h e a t t a c k a n d n e c e s s a soak-off. I a m going t o add m y own i d e a s on B i s m a r c k . n e v e r b r e a k t h i s a s a single capital s h i p is a dead duck a g a i n s t a n u n d a m a g ed B i s m a r c k and even a damaged one c a n put Renown o r R e p u l s e u n d e r . On t h e way i n t h e B r i t i s h player i s usually a w a r e of B i s m a r c k ' s position and i s concen- Ex. The s e c ond point i s t h a t although no plan i s foolproof s o m e definitely r e d u c e t h e e n e m y ' s c h a n c e s e s p e c i a l l y if you a r e s m a r t enough t o r e m e m b e r y o u r opponents' f a v o r i t e t r i c k s . of c o u r s e .l o s s of e n e m y m a t e r i a l and gain of position. i s forgotten. n e v e r put t h e s e two tog e t h e r a s two a r e a l m o s t a s e a s y t o sink a s one. Hood. T h e r e is a l w a y s s o m e s m a l l move that i s not anticipated. F r o m t h e r e it i s p o s s i b l e t o c a t c h m o s t of the p o s s i b l e s p a c e s on t h e next move s o that if contact i s not m a d e you a t l e a s t h a v e a good idea w h e r e h e is.H e r e i t is a s s u m e d that A h a s the n e c e s s a r y overwhelming local r e s e r v e s f o r t h i s type of a t t a c k . THEORY O F T. which with a l i t t l e l u c k l e a v e s only two o r t h r e e openings. l o w e r i n g of e n e m y m o r a l e . Ex. T h i s i s t r u e f o r a v e r y good r e a s o n . .

1. failing t h i s . in phase s t e p s . Simply f i l l in the O p e r a t i o n s I S h e e t and m a i l to: The Avalon Hill Co. h i m u p m o r e effectively than c a v a l r y .study the b a t t l e situation. possibly s t r e n g t h e n e d with s o m e e x t r a c a v a l r y . Waterloo g a m e . o r . Should B l u c h e r t r y to m a r c h h i s defeated t r o o p s t o w a r d s a linkup with Wellington t h e b r o k e n u p ground n o r t h of Ligny will s l o w . If the P r u s s i a n IV C o r p s r e i n f o r c e s Wellington's Genappe l i n e things b e c o m e a bit m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d but t h e P r u s s i a n I..I Address l a t e your m a g a z i n e m a y s e n d a copy o r 1 photostat. Under the "Attackers" c o l u m n you a r e t o w r i t e in the designation n u m b e r of the F r e n c h Unit t h a t i s attacking. should b e f o r m i n g a l i n e a g a i n s t the Anglo-Allied f o r c e s in t h e Genappe r e g i o n t o p r e v e n t Wellington f r o m a s s i s t i n g t h e P r u s s i a n s . In e s s e n c e t h a t ' s it. 11.I Name l o n H i l l g a m e you w i s h as winning p r i z e . Command.. . I I Brause State Prize . only one t o a City s u b s c r i b e r allowed. 2. I1 and I11 C o r p s t o battle with t h e intention of r e m o v i n g t h e P r u s s i a n s a s a m a j o r combatent f o r c e .I e r s . brings them to b a t t l e a n d s e i z e s t h e vital r o a d c e n t e r and heights the-re. B a l t i m o r e . 28th S t r e e t . making a r u n f o r B r u s s e l s . 11.-. I I I 1 I I "Vive 1 ' E m p e r e u r ! " . d o I think t h i s plan w o r k a b l e f o r I have unlimited confidence i n t h e E m p e r o r ..) a d v a n c e s on both s i d e s of the Ligne R i v e r t o b r i n g the P r u s s i a n I. N e y ' s C o m m a n d ( I a n d I1 C o r p s ) a d v a n c e s on the weak Anglo-Allied force a t Quatre B r a s . CONTEST $7 . A s you c a n s e e the c o m m a n d e r of e a c h P r u s s i a n unit i n the battle i s l i s t e d under the "Defenders" column. T h e full A r m y of the North should launch s t r o n g a t t a c k s a g a i n s t t h e AngloAllied l i n e ' s w e a k e s t points i n a n effort to b r e a k through t o B r u s s e l s . F i r s t . 3 ) t h e plan w o r k s well with t h e r e g u l a r a r r a n g e m e n t . 210 W. M a r y .I land. If one F r e n c h Unit a t t a c k s m o r e than one P r u s s i a n unit. then the n u m b e r of the F r e n c h Unit i s t o be w r i t t e n n e x t t o e a c h of them. and Gds C o r p s a n d I.h a dr e t u r n e d f r o m R u s s i a a v e r y different m a n and displayed v e r y e r r a t i c behavior d u r i n g the Waterloo campaign. - . A s P h a s e 5 i s going t o completion G r o u c h y ' s R e s e r v e C a v a l r y should a t t e m p t t o get a r o u n d Wellington's flank in a n effort t o t u r n i t . a s they a r r i v e . C o n c u r r e n t l v with P h a s e 2 N e v ' s . a n d that r e a s o n only. 6 . 2121 1 -. H e r e i s the plan. Now r e f e r to the O p e r a t i o n s Sheet. T i e s w i l l b e b r o k e n by e a r l i e s t p o s t m a r k .C o n t e s t Dept. 111. 1. Naturally. IV. The defeated P r u s s i a n s about Ligny will probably mind t h e i r own b u s i n e s s until t h e i r IV C o r p s a r r i v e s and effective u s e of c a v a l r y will slow t h e m up. a n d I11 C o r p s will t a k e no r e a l a c t i o n i n s u c h a c a s e s i n c e they will b e too weak. The Main Body (111. In o t h e r w o r d s . T h o s e of you who d o not want t o m u t i . VI. In conclusion I would l i k e t o s a y that I a m a devoted "Napoleonophile" and f o r t h a t r e a s o n .I A t t a c k e r ( F r e n c h ) Defender ( P r u s s i a n ) j e c t of eliminating a s m a n y P r u s s i a n c o m b a t f a c t o r s a s p o s s i b l e while k e e p ing h i s own l o s s e s to a m i n i m u m . No. . a n d IV Cav C o r p s . a n d .THE GENERAL of the b r a v e M .- Operations Sheet - -- -- ' How to E n t e r This contest is f r e e to all subscrib. with the ob. t h e F r e n c h p l a y e r (the I l i g h t e r u n i t s ) i s attacking. 5 . the s t r a t e g -i c a l p r e m i s e f o r t h i s m o n t h ' s c o n t e s t is t h a t you a r e to fight t h e battle s o t h a t you have the h i g h e s t probability of gain a t t h e l e a s t r i s k of l o s s .. E n t r i e s m u s t be p o s t m a r k e d o n o r b e f o r e J u n e 6 . Adopting Napoleon's Actual P l a n In outlining m y adaption of Napoleon's plan I would l i k e to m a k e i t c l e a r t h a t while I a m a s s u m i n g M a r c h a l M a d e j a ' s r e c o m m e n d e d s t a r t i n g situation i s u s e d (See Vol. . T e n Winners T e n ( l 0 ) w i n n e r s will be named. 4. 3. P r i n t y o u r n a m e and a d d r e s s 1 c l e a r l y and m a k e s u r e y o u l i s t the Ava. When t h e P r u s s i a n s h a v e b e e n e l i m i n a t e d a s a m a j o r opponent s o m e Main Body c a v a l r y should b e thrown around the remnants to keep them in p l a c e while t h e bulk of t h e Main Body b r e a k s off combat and m a r c h e s t o N e y l s a i d probably a r r i v i n g just when AngloAllied p r e s s u r e o n Ney b e g i n s t o build up dangerously. 1965.T h i s c o n t e s t involves a hypothetical situation a t Q u a t r e B r a s a l r e a d y s e t up Applying the r u l e s f r o m the f o r YOU.

Baltimore. H e r e ' s how i t w o r k s Each coupon i s worth 25C. R i c k Donaldson. Penna. GETTYSBURG (64): Q: If one attacking Unit fights two d e f e n d e r s on different s q u a r e s . T e n n e s s e e . c a n new Units e n t e r o r p a s s through the zone of control of "engaged" Units. L e o n a r d P e d e r s o n . Stalingrad. . Penna. 7. S a y r e .- THE GEN-ERA1 PAGE 8. Conn. Rosedale. U-Boat. 8. Q: How does Midway Island get i t s 30 squadrons ? A: They m a y be flown t h e r e f r o m c a r riers. Unfortunately. Those whose e n t r i e s c a m e c l o s e s t t o t h e a c t u a l o r d e r of s a l e s popularity (Afrika Korps. Contest Champ. 38 Thomson Road. .00 c r e d i t . T a c t i c s 11. M o r e witty a p p r o a c h e s t o the m a i l o r d e r b u s i n e s s a r e highly d e s i r a b l e . 571 1 Chinquapin Pkwy.000. New York. 3608 Manorwood Drive.. We got a l o t of laughs f r o m t h i s one a s the guesses ranged f r o m 47 t o 20. "A" B a t r y . H a r r i s b u r g .Yes W e Get Letters Gentlemen: L a s t September a group of a m a t e u r s t r a t e g i s t s f o r m u l a t e d p e r h a p s the f i r s t club of i t s kind i n Dauphin County.etters . 5. 9.000. . t h i s i s a highly ambitious and d e tailed project. A s soon a s you have accumulated 4 s u c h caupons. Wisconsin. D e a r A d m i r a l McClusky: It w a s indeed nice of you t o include m e on your mailing l i s t . I have no g r e a t i n t e r e s t in b a t t l e g a m e s . . 10. A P O New York. L a w r e n c e Bevy. B r u c e T. Coupons can not b e r e d e e m e d a t any r e t a i l outlet. B i s m a r c k . When you have accumulated 4 coupons. Bedford. they w e r e p r e t t y f a r off on predicting the n u m b e r of Midway g a m e s th'at had b e e n sold. Football. d o e s the a t t a c k e r ' s f a c t o r doub l e o r i s the whole battle fought a t norm a l odds ? A: A t t a c k e r doubles a n d the f r o n t a l d e f e n d e r a l s o doubles. P a . c a n i t a t t a c k Units in one of the f o r t r e s s e s but not the other? A: Yes. Moore. Klug. a s the r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of t h i s club. However. A: Definitely not t h i s would be tantamount to r e i n f o r c i n g and i s allowed only in the t o u r n a m e n t game. SAVE THIS COUPON GOOD ONLY WHEN A P P L I E D TOWARD THE PURCHASE O F AVALON HILL GAMES 1 . G ~ a l d Gelatt. Brian Harris Wins Contest #6 Looks l i k e we h a d quite a few subs c r i b e r s attending f o r t u n e t e l l e r s b e f o r e submitting t h e i r S a l e s Populazity predictions. MIDWAY: Q: C a n the J a p p l a y e r bring the Hosho o r Zuiho on b o a r d with planes a l r e a d y r e a d i e d s o that they c a n b e launched in the t u r n of e n t r y on b o a r d ? A: Yes. 1871 Snowden. Gettysburg. I. a l l s h i p s m u s t b e heading in one direction. 240-14 Caney Road. B r i a n H a r r i s . But one coupon a l o n e does not entitle you t o a 25f credit. design a n d wit of the b r o c h u r e . Klem. you s i m p l y s e n d u s a check o r m o n e y . Midway. LeMans. You m u s t a c c u m u l a t e 4 different coupons b e f o r e taking advanta g e of the $1. . Edward Hughes.t h e s e have g r e a t i m p a c t on a young club. a s did t h e second a n d t h i r d place winners. one of t h e m f r o n t a l a n d the o t h e r one p a r t i a l enfilade. West Allis. Q: Can p a r a t r o o p e r s b e dropped next t o enemy units if t h e r e i s a r i v e r between t h e m ? A: Yes. 80th S t r e e t . D e a r Avalon Hill: I have just r e c e i v e d your b r o c h u r e in the m a i l . then you clip t h e m a l l together a n d s e n d t h e m in with your o r d e r f o r a n Avalon Hill game. West Hartford. I think i t ' s a s i c k effort and don't think you should insult your c u s t o m e r s with those snide a t t e m p t s a t h u m o r . Hyattsville. D-Day. D have the responsibility of coordinating the a l l of t h e s e a c t i v i t i e s a n d t h e r e f o r e I would g r e a t l y a p p r e c i a t e if you would keep m e well informed about t h e l a t e s t developments a t Avalon Hill . R i c h a r d E . 3. 2. David G. Q: C a n Allied Units c o m e in a t E r e m e n ? A: No. 128 W a r r e n S t r e e t . 0 Question Box AFRIKA KORPS: Q: C a n a supply unit p a s s o v e r a n autom a t i c v i c t o r y situation and supply a n o t h e r battle while supplying the auto~ ma -tic victory? A: Yes. 67th S t r y . 6. m a y s o m e s h i p s be facing o t h e r s ? A: No. h a d the f i r s t t h r e e g a m e s on the nose. t h e Strategists' Club. .o r d e r f o r $1. New Bedford. Md. 1 e a c h f r o m t h i s and succeeding i s s u e s . Ken Hoffman. Discount Offer The Coupon shownbelow i s f o r the benef i t of the full-year s u b s c r i b e r . Wes S a y r e . . We students of Bishop McDevitt High School a r e the f o r m u l a t o r s . P r e s i d e n t of the S t r a t e g i s t s Club. 2463 S. 610 S. Memphis. T h o m a s S t r e e t . Md. Q: If a Unit finds itself adjacent t o m o r e t h a n one f o r t r e s s . Nina E i s e n s t e i n . 4. 266 C a r r o l l S t r e e t .00 d i s count applied t o t h e p u r c h a s e of a n y Avalon Hill game. V e r d i c t 11. We a r e even planning t o develop a very large game (perhaps four times a s l a r g e a s the A f r i k a C o r p s g a m e ) which touches on a r e a s not only m i l i t a r y but even political a n d economic. A s you c a n s e e . Coupons a r e valid only when o r d e r ing g a m e s by m a i l d i r e c t l y f r o m The Avalon Hill Company. being a g i r l . Q: When placing s h i p s on the battle b o a r d . I want t o congratulate you on t h e layout. BULGE: Q: In B a s i c Game. M a s s . Donald Greenwood. A s y e t we have held a T a c t i c s I1 t o u r n a m e n t a n d p r e s e n t l y a r e conducting a D-Day tournament. you a r e entitled t o a $1. When o r d e r i n g in t h i s m a n n e r . The game will include s e v e r a l different c o u n t r i e s a n d should a c c o m m o d a t e a l l the m e m b e r s of o u r club. Q: Is Bordeaux a n inland p o r t ? A: Yes. 1630 P a r k S t . Management D i s p a t c h e r ) a r e a s follows: 1. Baseball. B r i a n H a r r i s . - D-DAY and Q: C a n P a r a t r o o p s "take off" dropped e l s e w h e r e when surrounded by enemy zones? A: Yes. However. Q: C a n c a r r i e r s take a i r c r a f t off Midway to r e p l a c e t h e i r l o s s e s ? A: Yes.00 l e s s than the u s u a l r e t a i l value of the game. Waterloo.

In D-Day and Waterloo. also. it is hoped. for the double differs only by the fact that the attacker must have more forces and envelops both flanks of the defender. The Air F o r c e believes that the greatest single force in teaching i s enthusiasm. ) The two diagrams marked "Envelopment" give a pictorial example of the flanking maneuver. . This is the f i r s t in a s e r i e s of articles which. The attacker's r e s e r v e s a r e usually hard-hitting. You have to t r a i n yourself how to play. a d d r e s s . it becomes necessary to know the possible offensive and defensive maneuvers. Spotting the weak British flank. which i s commonly known a s offensive operations. 1941) and attacking on both flanks. Secondary Attack: Italian Sabratha. Mississippi? In the l a s t 4 y e a r s . if the secondary attack is unexpectedly fruitful. frontal attacks. After you have been given the green light from the merchant. and pursuit. but p r i o r to resolved combat. successful in the escarpment a r e a but receiving an exchange in the south. D-DAY P r i n t l e t t e r s A through UU along the . only the single i s dealt with here. The secondary attack i s along the main line used to pin down the enemy troops and draw their r e s e r v e s . The most effective method of reaching these people i s through their source of supply.THE GENERAL PAGE 9 How to Meet Competition by S/Sgt. November. and you must t r a i n someone to play against you. maintain o r increase i t s momentum. Louis Zocchi Would you like to meet some new players o r get new r e c r u i t s for your club? The GENERAL has solved this problem for those of you in l a r g e cities. You can get the main ideas f a s t e r and e a s i e r from an old hand. When you get those phone calls o r l e t t e r s . & phone number. A short blurb about how you a r e willing to give tips on strategy. (since the envelopment may often take more than one turn) for in Afrika Korps the r e s e r v e must nearly always be c a r r i e d with the main attack due to the "Lightning" warfare. I have moved 3 times. This maneuver i s a Envelopments flanking movement seeking the enemy r e a r and his destruction in position. you could buy one of those toy printing p r e s s e s and print up a batch of paper with your name. you have 2 problems. that airborne and seaborne f o r c e s may make up p a r t o r all of the main attack. When you buy a new game. You look into the subscriber's directory and find someone just a c r o s s town who i s also a nut and you're in business. The situation has been s e t up by the British taking a w c a l culated risk" (hoping the Germans r e ceive no supply on their next turn. The main attack i s the flanking maneuver. be enthusiastic! It keeps the listener in a receptive f r a m e of mind and motivates his d e s i r e to l e a r n m o r e about you and war games. turning movements. NEXT MONTH'S article will deal with turning movements and frontal assaults. penetrations. the secondary attack. situation just p r i o r Rommells enveloping maneuver. e t c . rule interpretation. The Offense War i s won by initiative. go to college. and the 361st (regiment) f r o m the 90th division. Tactics 8 Strategy by David B. if you explain to the merchant how your hooking of new fish can result in g r e a t e r sales for him. And what about the isolated gamers in E a s t Overshore. Most people playing a new game would rather be told the rules s o you should have good results. This takes time. Therefore. included in the main at- -- Diagram A . It i s e a s i e r to sell someone on playing war games if he has already sold himself. Italian (Armor) Ariete. You can get the merchants permission to do this. the r e s e r v e plays a more important part. Whiskeyman Commanding an a r m y requires not only foresight but patience and an understanding of the capabilities of saidforce. In this. But where can this new talent be found? You can't just walk up to a stranger and a s k "Do you want to fight ? I ' Avalon Hill informs me that most of the war gamers a r e in their late teens. Most of u s have jobs o r school and we can't do this s o the next best thing i s t o d r o p a card o r note in every game in stock. o r get m a r r i e d and move. Rommel decides to make an end run. and the r e serve. I had to train new talent. Unfortunately for the British the Germans receive their designated reinforcements supply. should sell the idea that the purchaser has some ready made competition and help available. It i s now the Germans1 f i r s t November turn. I have just completed an 8 week course on how to teach. Reserve: tack. Two things a r e vital for a successful envelopment: speed and surprise. will shed light upon the subject. single and double. But not everyone who plays. It must be noted. In this envelopment the secondary attack s e r v e s the main attack by helping to open the flank and close t h e p i n c e r s on the enveloped portion ~f the enemy army. The forces a r e divided into. a s in most other offensive maneuvers. to and Diagram B: situation after envelopment. mobile units which can be used to exploit the main attackor. (Though there a r e actually two types of envelopment. the attacking force i s divided into three groups: the main attack. defensiveoffensive. Nebraska o r Stamp Back. Each time I a r r i v e d a t a new base. consisting of the highly mobile and usually heavier units. Main Attack: 15th and 21 s t German Panzer Divisions. If they go to some town not listed in the Subscriber's directory they will have to cultivate new competition. These operations fall into six categories: envelopments. These players will soon have this problem because they will enter military service. You could meet every one that buys an Avalon Hill game if you stand by the game department every day long enough. r e a d s the General.

therefore. It i s NOT a substitute for clubs you may a l ready belong to a s a member. but a l l of the possible invasion a r e a s in France a r e left open with the exception of the North Sea and P a s de Calais (which i s defended only partially). A misprint i s on our information sheet: the co-ordinates for Stalingrad a r e + not -. The basic strategem of the game i s the use of the fortified zone. Static and only Static divisions should be placed on the coast. F r o m the 7th to the 11th turns the Russians may have 3 defense factors f o r each 100 points. that i t i s almost impossible for the Allies to win against this. Memb e r s may play a s many League games a s they d e s i r e . P r i n t numbers 1 through 49 along the south edge and the northern coastline. T h e r e were. The Russians s t a r t to obtain reinforcements f r o m their 4th turn. F l e u r u s is J J 13. the Russians may have reinforcements of 2 defense factors for each 100 points. Kuibishev o r Grozny closes the town f o r reinforcements. the League i s a national organization for the purpose of rating players. If Leningrad i s captured by the Germans. Nivelles i s V-38. row 25 bisects Amiens. the following should explain how to join and what the League really is.00-2. Antwerp and Ostend. F o r instance. In order to join send a dollar f o r dues and an index c a r d with your name. P a s de Calais can be defended with the r e maining Statics. Leningrad is K-31. ) mapboard and the geographical features on it. row 27 bisects Lake Peipus. and then. Biancon and Nice. F r o m the 12th turn onwards. Examples: Dunkirk i s M-22. Bordeaux i s LL-44 and Marsailles is TT-31. the Germans have one impermeable defense.00. German Tactics for D-DAY by Ken Hoffman When playing the game D-Day. an an^ people have written about our league which now contains over 130 m e m b e r s . side and game preference f o r your f i r s t encouqter. i t may be recaptured by a Russian unit passing through it. When you think about it. 2. Indiana 46750. F o r each town in Russian control. Smolensk. allow 20 points. 3. Before the Russian.01--2. s o m e necess a r y r e s t r i c t i o n s such a s : 1. New J e r s e y 07728. Quatre B r a s is X-27. to: The Avalon Hill PBM League.75 o r the AA group 2. . please leave time f o r u s to fill your request. When the German player s e t s h i s side up. Huntington. you will s e e that it doesn't m a t t e r if the Allies gain l a r g e amounts - Play-by-Mail League Chooses Chairman " ~ u to e the fact that many m e m b e r s have written requesting that m o r e games be added to our present selection. At the s t a r t of the game these a r e a l l controlled. B r e s t i s V-43. Ligny i s FF-13. After five league games you a r e placed into either the C group 1. but after the German turn. no m o r e reinforcements can be brought in a t Archangel. B group 2. but each of these towns i s dependent on one of the t h r e e big cities.76--3. It may s e e m strange. print numbers 1 through 57 along the north and south edges. Kuibishev and Grozny. of course. The Russians do not have to g a r r i son a town to gain reinforcements f r o m it. Kharkov and Stalino. The chairman of this committee i s Henry Bodenstedt. allow 10 points. A town o r city is controlled by a unit passing through the square in which the town is situated.3 1 and Sofia i s TT-3. Moscow is S-34. then. Only each full 100 points counts. print numbers 1 through 57 along the north and south edges. i t is. I have come up with the following ideas: In Russia there a r e 15 Cities and 30 other towns named on the mapboard. row L bisects Dusseldorf. F o r instance. an average i s determined by totaling your points and dividing by the number of games played. 86 Manalapan Ave. (New D-Day mapboards with gridcoordinates printed on them a r e now available $3. o r the mapboard. - STALINGRAD P r i n t l e t t e r s A through W W along the e a s t and west edges of the mapboard. Naturally. F o r each City. Three points f o r every win and one point for a l o s s a r e given. However. All remaining combat units should be placed on. however. It a l s o seemed to m e that i t would be desirable to make fuller u s e of the If Moscow i s captured. AH games owned. No changes w e r e to be made to any of the pieces. and the numb e r of reinforcements depends on the number of towns and cities they control. if not r e occupied by the Germans. while the capture of Stalingrad closes Grozny. we have decided to f o r m a Games Committee. The game had to r e q u i r e no additional items to the ones on the market. I have found. However. PAGE 10 Freehold.51--2. A unit on a square next to a city o r town does not control i t for reinforcement purposes. At the . row J bi-sects Helsinki and Lake Beloe. Points cannot be accumulated f r o m turn to turn. Sedan i s Q-18.00 per board. S t a r t row A in the northeast and northwest c o r n e r s and s t a r t I(ow 1 in the southwest corner. N o r r i s It has been my belief for sometime that the Stalingrad game is the best. WATERLOO P r i n t l e t t e r s A through W W along the e a s t and w e s t edges of the mapboard. F r o m the 4th to the 6th move. generally accepted that in this game the German side h a s little chance of winning against any reasonably intelligent defense. Row V bisects Nivelles and St. through playing. Anyone interested in joining o r anyone that has any game ideas i s to write to Henry. t h e r e a r e s e v e r a l basic rules that ought to be followed: 1. S t a r t row A in the n o r h a s t and northwest c o r n e r s . a d d r e s s and phone number. 2. Gery. Row 27 bisects Wavre and Quatre Bras. Reinforcements a r e put on the board a t Archangel. if a German unit has captured a town by passing through the square. by the Russians. . 1 4. Examples: Helsinki is 5-26. no reinforcements can be brought in a t Kuibishev. the "Siegfried Line". Examples: Waterloo is E-43.layeras option.THE GENERAL e a s t edge of the board. Box 572. the Russians have 4 defense f a c t o r s f o r each 100 points. of course. K. The North Sea should be barricaded with 3-deep Static divisions. I believe.00. Stalingrad i s HH-36. F o r instance. A group 2.50. . After a lot of experiments. which total 15. count up the points. p " "New" Stalingrad by J. I have therefore been seeking some way of making the game m o r e even and m o r e enjoyable. neither do the Germans have to g a r r i s o n the towns they have captured. the Siegfried Line with the exception of a few delaying units. starting in the northeast corner. starting in the northe a s t corner. a l s o please notice that there i s a difference between League co-ordinates and Knabe's co-ordinates. F i r s t of all. Defense factors may be accumulated. the capture of Archangel. s t a r t row 1 in the southeast c o r n e r . o r inside of. i t can be used to count points for the Russian reinforcements next turn. Warsaw i s 2 .

Club. A New F i e l d or A r m y Commander. E . H. l a m a l s o i n t e r e s t e d in a challenging g a m e (play-by-mall) of A = Korps. ~ e n n a . 13350 WANTED: G e r m a n Field Marshal f o r a play m a i l g a m e in Afrika Korps. N. Naperville. Penna. 11366. Contact: A l l c Harold Rosa. Those wishing a'well-fought battle w r i t e u s ( J a c k P h a l e r i c and I). . If anyone thinks that he haa an adequate D-Day d e f e n s e or can play Stalingrad Afrika game(s1. Waldo Wanted adult opponents t o play Midway. You will not g e t a reply to your l e t t e r immediately. 445 Livingston St. Y.. Write R i c h a r d Berkc i a f e the r e a l i s t i c a n d yetnon-hlstorical s e t h . Washington 99203. U-Boat. Whitaker. Mark Diamond Chief-of-staff. " Send acceptance and blood type to: ED1 E. B i e m a r c k . 2 ) R u s ~ i ~ ~ ~ t ~ New ~ A2 ~ 3 s e r v i c e to h i s Editorship. 4820 39th St. 986 E. Grosae p o i n t woods. Washington. Richmond.. if anyone h a s developed a grid s y s t e m f o r Waterloo. Skokie. experience. Ohio 45202. Any person who l i v e s i n M a s s a c h u s e t t s and would like to join the Masaachvsetts Branch of S p e c t r e (Special Efficacy f o r Counter-Intelligence. Wallingford. Norwalk. Land Battle. 5300 B a r r e t t Ave. SouthByfield.~ e t t y s burg. . " H e r k i m e r . West Allis 19. S. call 355-3743 o . We pay no doctor b i l l s ' Low Won . sometimes s o badly they will r e s o r t to OppOnenfS Wanted Imperial J a p a n e s e Navy challenges any a d m i r a l who thinks he can defend Midway. p r e f e r e n c e of command to Willlam Hoyer. S . B r i t i s h Fleid M a r s h a l s ("9 e x p e r i e n c e necess a r y ) to play a s t i l l unbeaten G e r m a n Field Marshal in Afrika K a r p s . 3618 Granada. 99203. I play a l l v e r s i o n s except the hexagonal one. probably s e v e r a l weeks. Sayre. Tact i c s 11. We have Bismarck. Landover Hills. Any Allied. Play-by-Mail opponent accepted f o r f i r s t 3. . P l e a s e send post c a r d a w i t h your n a m e . 12. TO any s e l f . - - Wanted: Opponents f o r Stalingrad both g r i d s y s t e m s outlined in the Sept. Maryland. Apply: Donald T r a c e y . except the Union in any g a m e of The War Between the States. o r Mldway (if you have a PBM s y s t e m ) . 1 always plan to Win but I can stand t o l o s e . Afrika Korps.- THE GENERAL of real estate in France. Bismarck. 330W. I have about 2 112 y e a r s experience. Y. Ogden. Any game. Afrika Korps. R. or c a l l 542Also. or sacrife. you will know what the w o r d h u m ~ l i a t i o n really means. o r Afrika Korpa who l i v e s in Nebraska. If interested. Am f o r m i n g Atlanta chapter of A. Wash. 3. blank unit c o u n t e r s . Illinois. Must be willing to be defeated. Waldo Miller. Getfyaburg.H. Wanted: D e s p e r a t e General lookingfor e a s y victory. I a m willing. C . t e r e s t i n g g a m e s will be played any opc/o ponent. Write o r c a l l F r e d Blanchard. 11. D-Day and Stalingrad. P a r m a . Cont a c t A.. Afrika K a r p s . PENNSYLVANIANS! S P E C T R E CALLS! This organization needs you! O u r a i m total conquest of any a r m i e s that stand in our way' w e a r e found fhroughavf the United S t a t e s . S . Very m t e r e s t e d in m a i l o r f a c e to face <ombat. Write T . P a r a c k a . N. TO: A l l c o m m a n d e r s i n t e r e s t e d i n p l a y ing an AH g a m e using s t r i c t l y r e a l i s t i c rules. 0. F r e n c h . . North Carolina and choice. Governor DummerAcademy. Also. Hexagons 8 I12 x l l sheet. 17044. Chancellorsville. Wanted . Wrlte: R. I modest to send 1 was undefeated until I played hlm. 3490 Beechwood Blvd. Attentlo" a l l Civil War g e n e r a l s ! I a m I" d e s p e r a t e need of opponents f o r a game of Gettysburg. N. Need one Play-by-Mail opponent f o r Afrika Korpe. and 1964 Gettysburg (South) by mail. 153 WatchungAvenue. I own "Afrika Korpe". 1'11 play T a c t i c s 11. Rabbit Run. C. Spokane. and Football Strategy. s i d e p r e Achtung F e l d h e r r o n : in the New York f e r r e d .Dickena. Oklahoma 74114. J u s t began playing t h e s e g a m e s and a m looking f o r experience (even painful ones! ). Revenge. B e c h e r West Alli. I've Sent This Ad In F o r Ken T h u r m a n (186 Priceway.70th Ave. Contact Pvt. t o Chicago.. by l e t t i n g m e know what you like t o r e a d Also willing to l e a r n other ~~~l~~ill about. Bulge. Kansas City. T&e any side. and Civil War (The War of NorthernAggression). 1908 (Xlincy St. Summit. . Send correspondence to: L a r r y Brietol. I'm available in Afrika Korps. an Allied soak-off i s virtually impossible.. P . Birsaw. My s t a f f of reactionary. Would p r e f e r t o side and any r u l e v a r i a t i o n s within play in person but will play by m a i l if reason to play a g a m e of Afrika Korps n e c e s s a r y . Opponents in A f r i k a K o r p s . 516 E a s t Dia. I l k e ) in both play-by-mall and i n . 128 W a r r e n S t . A l s o if you are a veteran c o m m a n d e r f r o m Pen"=. and m e m b e r s to head of s t a t e but not our H-Bombs. 3 ) A l l Russian units must be in s q u a r e s with heavy black line running m e m b e r s and Clubsin m y A r e a . I want only those people who a r e i n t e r e s t e d in using t a c t i c s & s t r a t e g y . P . quainty called the "Warmongers" will soon have tenacletl in Taneania and Minnesota. 128 W a r r e n Sf. O r e g o n ) o r by m a i l from anywhere . Mass. exper. Lewiatown. please contact our Communications Chief. = o m posed of 20 veteran play by m a i l c o m m a n d e r s will take on a l l c o m e r s a t any game. who a r e dedicated t o f u r t h e r i n g the causes of d i c t a t o r s h i p and tyranny. . 28 Rose673-2708 a f t e r 5 pm o r w r i t e Holger mont Avenue. Illinois 60540.C. C o r p s C o m m a n d e r s needed f o r Oklahoma branch of nation-wlde club. Rabbit Run. South Dakota. Ohio 44134 or c a l l VI. D-Day. t o play a v e r y d e t e r m i n e d opponent. FROM: The E m p i r e of T e n n e s s e e ' s General Staff. Stalingrad. I need challengers side. 19086 (215 LO 6-6640). 64 i s s u e . g a m e ( * ) and command(s1 p r e f e r e n c e s to: C h a r l e s T. Mldway. Kobylecky. Gettyaburg (61 L 64) U-Boat.00. Please keep ads within 50 words. Korps. Stalingrad. D-Day. m e e t d e s t r u c t i o n a t the hands of the s t a f f of 'rWorld Conquests. the Clark l a t t e r m Delaware County. The F i e l d M a r s h a l and h i s General Staff will t r i u m p h ! B ~ l P l rotz. 1312 Ursuline. and Lett e r s concerning a Battle of the B U ~ Wrlfe Robert Barrow. 107 Hope L m e . 73-18 190th St. All those in favor contact L a r r y Jagard. D-Day and Bulge. 4718 W.. Lett. S. Durbury. # I . Boston. 1 g . Mas*. Coffey. I. : Norwood.Y. Pa. Richland. Ill. 1 supply grid. We want people f r o m Washington. Open challenge f r o m 20 y e a r w a r g a m e r v e t e r a n . and Stalingrad. ~ e t t y s b u r g 58'. L e b a non. Hazelton. Michael B e a r d . T a c t i c s 11. game club.e h e ' s such a g r e a t player. DO you ever get that d e p r e s s i n g feeling that no one can beat you in Stalingrad? How would you like a nice refreshing g a m e in which you get s l a u g h t e r e d ? Write. o r the Utlca area to play any Avalon Hill war game live. Write o r rend f i r s t move to T e r r y G r l n e r .. Dlxon Line. AFRlKA KORPS ( l a t e s t r u l e s ) . Calif. Y. N. 5747 Aylenboro Ave. Cincinnati. . We will be the U. give us a c a l l or w r i t e to: Milan P a u l F s b s i k . Your defeat i s c e r t a i n ! ! ! F l o r i d a Hlgh School Opponents D e s p e r ately Wanted f o r Stalingrad. 1 s t Duke of Rosemont. J . Becher. SUBJECT: Your defeat in the sands of Africa. D-Day. Y. F o r t Monwho buys a l l the Avalon ~ 1 1 1tames. Blunder with the b e s t b l u n d e r e r s i n any of a l l MULTI-INEXPERIENCEDPLAYER GAMES. Greenwood. T a c t i c s 11.a Confederate g e n e r a l f o r Geftysburg (1964) o r anyone willlng t o s u s t a i n a Red f i r s t move in TACTICS 11. Illinois. opponents for the following games: Sfallngrad (Russians). Illinois 544-8442. and Alaska especially. Pa. State r u l e variations when living in o r near the Oranges. Washington 99352. g a m e s . The field of Avalon Hill man Replacements-4-5-6-7. and B r i t i s h in that order. Plan a n d o r d e r o f B a t t l e m u s t be used. 1 challenge anyone in H e r k l m e r County. who have never known defeat. If interested.. 4214 Madelia. Send any inquiries Opponent who can meet rigid requireto this a d d r e s s : G a r y Lanham. How about Gaming you a r e m o s t i n t e r e s t e d in ~ t ? Write: Sam Kanai. 7506 W. Giberson. o r Chancellorsville. . We a r e a two-man club who can m a k e s h o r t work of anyone in the Chicago area. A . D.. Hazleton. and Jim Midway: Bulge and D-Day soon. I ) Automatic 9810. 627 W. Write. 02154. Bryan. 53219. Afrika Korps. This move always delays the advancing Allied divisions. Georgia. P l e a s e do not contact m e if you do not wish to play live. 3801 . P a r k Blvd. Am f o r m i n g a n Avalan Hill Club f o r S o u t h . Y. D-Day. Box 1384.. or to a t t a c k Europe. D. P a . Beelev. N. Bedein (GR' 3-1029). Club. Tampa. 3904 . P . hexagons. Waterloo. 2405 Woodward Way. Stalingrad. All those wishing to join a r i s i n g international movement r e a d f u r t h e r . 9717 Kemper Road. Georgia. I will a l s o reserve f u t u r e g a m e s f o r you (unlisted). 74 Woodland Road.. A r m y Group Commander. Ruoslan. Fulton County. and Afrlka Karpa ( G e r m a n ) . 5 Minetta St. P a . to t r y t o defend North A f r i c a or R u s s i a N. Wilson. Phone 773-1272. T a c t i c s 11. But please. T a c t i c s I1 (Red). w i l l take e i t h e r side in ~ f ~ i k a " 1 1 g r e a t l y i m p r o v e m y a r t i c l e s to you or stalingrad. o r S p o r t s and a l i s t of the Avalon Hill 5895. I F you want p r e c i s i o n . N. Anyone in area live ( o r Portland. Stalingrad. 15217. Wallingford. . Write T e r r y G r i n e r . signed J a c k Greene. 3813 Butterfield Rd. Blue i n TACTICS I1 and G e r m a n s in GENERALS Those you that appreAFRIKA KORPS. 1662 f e a t e d in TACTICS I1 (1961 r u l e s ) or Bournemouth. Spokane. With the doubling of the defense f a c t o r s of a l l the combat units on the Line. Write to G-3. D-Day. 07648. I p r e f e r Brltlsh. Florida. Contact: Steve sul1ivan. Cont a c t the T h i r d A r m y . I a l a o play Waterloo.A.. C. B i s m a r c k . J. then l e t h i m t e s t him- I s e l f by playing GAG ( G o v e r n o r s ' A r m y Group) c / o Lincoln Clark. w r i t e or call: Davis L. P l e a s e phone 866-0877or write: Richard J . 15217. Mt. A l s o D-Day with C a r l Knabes g r i d s y s t e m w r i t e Bill Hoyer 7833 W. 02332. E . c / o DonaldGreenwood. DDay. TO: Anyone who d a r e s challenge our unbeaten a r m i e s . "TO ARMS A L L NORTHERN CALIFORNlA AH WAR GAMERS!' OUR LEADER NEEDS H E L P ! All the E a s t bay BARONS a r e needed to defeat the SMOG of L. welcome t o any engagement of t h e i r Box 1188. 3227 Center namely A i r . w e would like to expand the ( i m p e r i a l ~ s t i c a l l y . Maryland.. A f r i k a Korps (eather). -- Opponents f o r Afrika Korpo. N.That's why the Siegfried Line i s used.D ~ Y . I'd be e x t r e m e l y interested. So Bob if y o u ' r e a man challenge him. Klllroy. 4214Madelia. Call you write: G. r e a 4Editor w i s0 h e s ~to be of b e t t e r Elim. N. Morello. ' T h e German player i s basically playing a defensive game anyhow. Gettysb u r g '61 o r '64 or the m m B u l g e m In'. please s t a t e the g r ~ d co-ordinates you wish to use ~n your f l r s f l e t t e r . Gethrke. a p p r o x i m a t e record.lt My s t a f f will play a l l c o m e r s in any existing Avalon Hill w a r g a m e plus b a s e b a l l s t r a t e g y and football s t r a t e g y and any who would like to join World Conquests.. California. It you are i n t e r e s t e d a n d have Stalmgrad. D-Day. before May 25th. Flushing. P a . "Bismarck".. 2231 South 6 1 Court. Richard Ginsberg. Will play S t a l i ~ g r a d . Write Dennis L a r g e s s .that plays Midway. HOLDYOUR OWN The 1 s t Ohio A r m y i s mobilized. Opponents for a g a m e of Afrika Korps. S p e n c e r p o r t . Gettysburg (orig. i t i s Knabe g r l d as outlined in the May 1964 issue of the General. W r i t e o r call: George Wullaert. Even if the Allied player breaches the Line. 249 Magnoha P I .s a c r i f i c i n g s a c r i f e . "Gettyab~rg'~ & "Midway". very caper. o r they. 5-4947. T a c t i c s 11. OR 4-3532. Wanted: An opponent who c o n s i d e r s Any o r a l l optional r u l e s . o r W a t e ~ l o o (Anglo-allies). 221 Dallas S t r e e t . If i n t e r e s t e d contact Paul J a m e s o n . phone: TU. P r e f e r a b l e Anyone living within a reasonable d i s Wellington to engage capable Nopoleon tance f r o m Norwalk. D-Day. O F ILLINOIS (URBANA) NEXT YEAR? I will be glad t o s t a r t games now and finish you i n p e r s o n . Gettysburg (hexagon). New J e r s e y 07052. Opponent must have complete knowledge of l a t e s t r u l e s .E a s t e r n Pennsylvania. Afrika Count von Cardalu will accept e i t h e r Korps & Stalingrad. An important factor to remember is that the fortress of Aachen must be held a t a l l costs. P a . Atlanta 5. Mass. P l e a s e contact Joseph P l c a r i e l l o .7Lst Ave. a d d r e s s . T a c t i c s 11. Mark Maxim. Waltham. c / o Ralph Fellows. Only EXPERIENCED G e n e r a l s specify any g a m e (except na-1) you needapply--All "green" Generals: Stop want t o play. New J e r s e y 07703. 7833 W. Hillsborough Calif. Ave. Battle of the Bulge. Send to: 670 D a r r e i l Rd.. c a l l Roger White. Stephen Mark Hines. Opponents f o r Gettyaburg. Inc. N. PBM f o r S t a l i n g r a d . join any clubs on these games i n the ATTENTION MASTERS O F TACTICS: Detroit area. After the game. His Most Royal Highness: G. Waterloo ( F r e n c h ) .. I p r e f e r union s i d e ) by mail. D-Day or Waterloo. . Phone WE 6-5727. 10012. play-by-mall. MyronBrundage. Contact: ~ e d h i m s e l f to be between a v e r a g e and good Pittman. who feel i t will b e t t e r the Avalon Hill Gaming club when he.would l i k p t o find RA13853476. an experienced and undefeated (as of now) team. T . and Football Strategy. THE THIRD ARMY O F PENNA.Omaha. Pittsburgh. a d d r e s s . Write: Bob Gaugham. Except f o r A f r i k a Korps. Pittsburgh. 104 E a s t Rocks Rd. f o r $1. 7320 Malvern Avenue. Merchantville. . T r e m o n t St. Stalingrad. 19151. I p r e f e r the Union a r m y but a m w ~ l l ~ n to g t a k e e i t h e r side. All interested write: Robert F. 5 Eaton ment: Must b e f r o m below MaeonC i r c l e . Sayre. 2503 Brookside ~ v e . Allies. " A highly experienced and e x p e r t t a c t i c ian needs new w o r l d ' s t o conquer. E . any game. J r . Wis. D-Day. I "in-the-neah. FROM: Tom B o s s e l e r : 23908 Califa. Many command* open in: Stalingrad. If i n t e r e s t e d p l e a s e contact R o b e r t Newell. but A L L m a y write. and if you want t o be a T h e a t e r Commander. Midway l n d A f r i k a Korps.. - - Two g e n e r a l s . Illinois 60503.. If d e s p e r a t e however. All those 36. B a r b a r o s s a . Midway. 4320-43rd St. Philadelphia. Opponents Wanted. and Extermination). If you wish to engage our a r m z e s I" ~arth A f r i c a . 26 ~ i v W ~ t . you can always hold this with a halfdecent unit to use a s a threat to the ~ l l i security. Pa. Chancellorsville. S o r r y . R. Afrika K a r p s . to challenge. O r e gon. Adult opponents wanted f o r b e g i n n e r in D-Day. Iowa P a r k . I d o n ' t have g r i d s y s t e m for DDay o r Midway but would like to have one f o r m a i l play. Cleveland. Bloody B r i t i s h G e n e r a l to fall v i c t i m to t h e P ' D e s e r tv a m p i r e ..y Y. Include any optional r u l e s you wish t o play by. I . Connecticut. o r Phone 847-2176. and Gettysburg (64' v e r s i o n .. Mass. Chanceilorsviile. Write. a wise defensive move would be to spread out a l l of your Static divisions. Clark Wilson. Tactics 11. N. and wishes or inexperienced R u s ~ i a n to battle to take a c r a c k a t m y 53-6-2 r e c o r d i s Pledging German. T u l s a .p e r s o n f i e l d s . California.. I I I 1 - - - - 1 - . Long Island City. AFTERWHICH WE WILL DETHRONE THE NUT GREENE. . T . 1st Gettysburg 64. Contact Donald Greenwood. X i reading now! Others: Apply t o j Opponent f o r T a c t i c s 11.. Wanted: Opponents ~111 accept a w e s t e r n e r . P U N TO BE AT THE U. Can a l s o play T a c t i c s 11. F o l s o m . Our glorious r a n k s of steady men Stand ready f o r the waiting to end. through them on opening 4 ) cerphone number.. P a . buy f r o m Avalon but we can svpply you with Hill. Write: Richard Rockholz. any mde. T h i r t e e n y e a r old i n t e r e s t e d I" e i t h e r s t a r t i n g a club or joining one if one exists. 236 Jamaicawsy. 59th S t . I will engage anyone in Afrika Korps (either s i d e ) D-Day ( G e r m a n ) . "Waterloo". A f r i k a Korps. W. Chip Chesman a t 4779 Hummingbird Lane. Many key command positions to be filled. . any B i s m a r c k . 15228 Tel. Midway. P a . no play-byYOU a r e wanted as opponents to b e demail. Wia. would like to challenge you to defeat t h e i r a r m i e s in the following games: Mldway (Jap. 343-3158. Write: J i m levi ins. Hlgh school student wishes to play-bymall any reasonably competentopponent ~n A f n k a Korps. West Multi-Player Stalingrad Game Send Orange.. Gettysburg. J o h n P . apply for m e m b e r s h i p a t same address. Y. Y. Would like opponents to be by mail. "D-Day". 205 Albany Avenue. Hawaii. C i c e r o . Dieli. Brooklyn. and take e i t h e r side in Waterloo. your a d d r e s s . J . a v f o c r s t ~ c g e n e r a l s . Tax. P a . I p r e f e r ~ i c h . Wanted: 11 Allied G e n e r a l s and 8 G e r man G e n e r a l s f o r a multiplayer g a m e of D-Day. 97 to I changes that someone will win t G A m i n t e r e s t e d in f o r m i n g a n AH Club i n the (Xleens. Naval Battle D r . M a i n s t .-- PAGE 11 I Spread Out After 9th Week After the 9th week. area. Miller. S . J u s t be a good l o s e r . his r e c o r d g a m e s you own to date. Afrika Korps. Texas.. and s i m i l a r a c c e s s o r i e s useful to t h e de36 voted w a r g a m e fan. My s p e c i a l t i e s are: A f r i k a Korps. S. ~ e b . 15). As a f r e e service to subscribers the following ads a r e inserted exactly a s they a r e submitted. or T a c t i c s 11. Bellwood. Ads received a f t e r the 15th day of the month preceding publication date will appear in the following issue. Flushing. N. and New J e r s e y area. in parma. N. . Waterloo. Y. Woodland Hills.. challenges accepted.)becau. o r Afrlka Korps. wish t o challenge anyone in the Chicago area to a g a m e of Midway. 1 I I or A f r i k a Korps. Have one m e m b e r so f a r m e .. Co. If i n t e r e s t e d send yovr r u l e s . F o r t Oglethorpe. 164705. 30-30 154th St. Iowa. R i v e r F a l l s . Ohlo 44120. but i s too x 1 a n a d of h i s own. Waterloo. D . c / o John E . Waterloo. 2233 South Louisville. Inc. D-Day o r Sfalingrad. 5 . Waterloo. Con". D-Day. T o a l l l e a d e r s b r a v e and bold A challenge i s thrown.. Attentat? Attentat! Field Marshal F r e d r i c k Wilhelm Otto v a n P r i i c h wishes m e to i n f o r m any Allied o r Russian commander that h e will defeat any challenger in Overload. 11354. D-Day. plans. w r i t e Guy Guptan. the Bulge. 71 Hillcrest D r . mouth. J a m e l l i . P l e a s e . . Mo. but only by mail. Our club. Swanson. Diamond A v e . Send name. 1422 A g n e s . Write to the TIN SOLDIER: Thomas F a n c h e r . Wanted. A . S P 66655. w r i t e to ~ i ~ M ak r s h a l l f r o m the IstSTRATCOMUhas a r r i v e d in your area. Landover Hills.. and Stalingrad.ence. a d d r e s s . 11213. send Your f i r s t t u r n to Carleton E . or Kansas. Cont a c t John Hall. ~ d .. N. California. We s e n t out b r a i n s . Memphis.Lost P C T ? In Need of A Wln? Then s e n d your German opening moves f o r Afrika Korpn to: George Kaplan. I'll take any side any game. Sign up now f o r the G r e a t G r e e n e Sumnier Campaign. W. 94010. Lansing. Midway. S . f e a t u r e * of T a c t i c s I1 a r e hereby invited Wisconsin 54022. Send n a m e . Afrika Korp. Waterloo. T e n n e s s e e .

Wisc. Maine. Steven P. 1955. no doubt you'll find a s t r a y 4-4-4 o r 3-3-3. Evanston. M a s s . I. P u t n a m ' s ) $5. The f i r s t fully documented and highly readable biography of H i m m l e r . P a u l M. If Allied a i r b o r n e u n i t s l a n d o v e r the Rhine. 1956. And. P. Dickson a t box 133. 1955. New Brunswick. T e x a s . B. 95 . such a s the 25th P a n z e r G r e n a d i e r Division in Metz. M i s s i l e s And Space T r a v e l by Willy L e y . ) When you do t r y t h i s kind of battle. P e t e r F. A. Gen. U. Dave Geurink. ) sufficient s t r e n g t h t o wipe out with e a s e t h e enemy. 1957. A v a r i a t i o n of m y plan might b e t o fight a continuing withdrawing b a t t l e through F r a n c e . edited by Capt. by Don K.Available July. S h a g r i n a t U. McDougall. I. T h e i r D i r e c t o r of Admissions. in University Heights. Wash. i t ' s l i k e t r y ing t o knockyour way out of a w e t p a p e r bag --. Guided M i s s i l e s In War And P e a c e . T h e r e i s your chance f o r a r a i d of (1. Actualry. George A. 1123 Dewey. George C. B r o w n ) $10 . in W W 11" by Kenneth Davis (Doubleday) $7. Illinois. Lewiston.a r e depicted in stunning close-ups. P. 1957. F o s t e r . by B r i g . P a r s o n .1943" by P a u l C a r e l l ( L i t t l e . Government And Science. A f t e r the A l l i e s have been batting t h e i r h e a d s a g a i n s t the Line f o r a month o r s o . " H i m m l e r " by Roger Manvell & Heinrich F r a e n k e l (G. R.Midway. Between Covers J a m e s W. Dingeman "Hitler Moves E a s t 1941. Any Static that might b e l e f t o v e r f r o m the 01' P a p e r . a c c u r a t e and chronological s u r v e y of the h i s t o r i c a l development a n d of the d o m e s t i c and f o r e i g n policies of the Soviet Union. Radway. L i m i t e d W a r ..00 . You can probably elude t h e m a n d knock out a few l e s s i m p o r t a n t b a s e s . Liddell H a r t . Seattle. A b r i e f . by Walter Mills. B a t e s College. Tifflin. A new biography that i s going t o bring a r e a s s e s s m e n t of B i s m a r c k ' s c h a r a c t e r a n d h i s influence on European history. a t all c o s t s . A m e r i c a n S t r a t e g y In The Atomic Age. Box 321. 1957. etc. Psychological W a r f a r e . 1073 Witte Hall. Coverage in depth of e v e r y a s p e c t o f A m e r i c a ' s participation . R i c h a r d A. Brenton V e r Ploeg. of Wisconsin. ) enough f o r c e t o r e p e l a n y possible counter-attacks. Masland and L. A b r i l l i a n t n a r r a t i v e of the turning point of the w a r in the P a c i f i c a s the A m e r i c a n s r e c o v e r e d f r o m P e a r l H a r b o r . b e t t e r w r i t e to: Walter A. "Challenge F o r The Pacific" by R o b e r t Leckie (Doubleday) $5. Brown U . Rockets..95 . i n the c a s e of D-Day. A l b e r t Nofi. Any good All i e d l e a d e r will probably l e a v e a few g u a r d s a t h i s i m p o r t a n t supply b a s e s . Lyndhurst. . J a m e s H. Miksche.f r o m h o m e f r o n t t o the battle f r o n t in WW 11. A r m s And Men. . S o l d i e r s And S c h o l a r s . T h i s move (the s p r e a d ing out of the S t a t i c ) I c a l l the " P a p e r Bag1' defense. fought back a t Midway. The d r a m a t i c s t o r y of A m e r i c a ' s f i r s t r. Actually. avoid battle i n the plains of F r a n c e . "Hitler Moves E a s t s p e l l s out the h e l l i s h w a r t h a t w a s the R u s s i a n F r o n t . Ohio. William Nowack. . T h o m a s P o w e r (Coward-McCann) $5. don't panic. New York a t F o r d h a m . P u t n a m ' s ) $5. of P e n n . s e i z e d the offensive f r o m the Japanese. J r . m o s t s i n i s t e r and s e c r e t i v e m e m b e r of the N a z i h i e r a r c h y . - More Colleges Heard From Still haven't s e l e c t e d your college y e t ? T r y t h e s e . Instead. by Col. o r L e H a v r e . . '' " E x p e r i e n c e of War: The U.Available June. and. The a u t h o r displays m a s t e r f u l ability t o r e l a t e t h e s m a l l e s t d e t a i l of unit t a c t i c s t o the Grand S t r a t e g y of both s i d e s . Providence. P u t n a m ' s ) $6. Oxford. George W.THE GENERAL trying a flanking movement. a n d (3. R . o r i s o l a t e them. G r a y . Heidelberg if y ~ u play College will s e l e c t y ~ u Avalon Hill g a m e s . Box 34. Puleston. by Col. invasion of North A f r i c a . " B i s m a r c k t ' by W e r n e r R i c h t e r (G. S e v i e r . i s a n .Available M a r c h . R u t g e r s .GOOD LUCK! I ' PAGE 12 AvalonHill enthusiast. 5176 Haverford. Michael Arnovitz. Osgood. of Washington. by Maj. R i v e r Campus Station. 1954. Col. (USN) W.Available March. "Design F o r Survival" by Gen. Madison. h e gives a new t w i s t to the a g e old a r g u m e n t of how G e r m a n y l o s t the w a r . 1955. by Lt. T h i s l i s t i s i n d o r s e d by General Maxwell D. Ohio. Nels A. W. P.B a g defense make a good way of preventing a i r b o r n e landings. s i n c e y o u ' r e on the inside l i n e s . . U. Ohio a t John C a r r o l l U. ( T h i s i s the f i r s t volumn in a new Doubleday s e r i e s of n a r r a t i v e h i s t o r i e s entitled "The C r o s s r o a d s of World History.A v a i l a b l e June. the I Chief of Staff's Reading List . . Specifically. by Capt. Ohio. y o u ' r e right.95 . Lincoln and A s s o c i a t e s . William Contini. Make s u r e t o k e e p a s e c o n d a r y l i n e of defense! If the A l l i e s should b r e a k through. . T a y l o r a s b a s i c professional r e a d i n g r e c o m m e n d e d f o r A r m y officers. U. Wyner. by R o b e r t E .e a s y . you c a n a l w a y s r e t r e a t t o the Rhine while holding on t o a s much of the Siegfried Line a s possible. Always Keep A Secondary Line of Defense T h e r e i s no s e t p a t t e r n f o r laying out the m e n a n d m a c h i n e s on the Line. Box 1482. Influence Of F o r c e In F o r e i g n Relations. F e r d i n a n d 0.95 . He a l s o provides a wealth of d e t a i l s f o r Avalon Hill p l a y e r s . "USSR: A Concise History" by B a s i l Dmytryshn ( S c r i b n e r ' s ) $8. Box 742. Although i t d o e s not r e a l l y s t o p the i n v a d e r s . P a s de C a l a i s . of R o c h e s t e r . If he r e j e c t s you. N. but time-consuming. He a t t r i b u t e s G e r m a n y ' s defeat t o t h e i r f a i l u r e in not taking M u r m a n s k o r even cutting the M u r m a n s k r a i l r o a d .H. t h e r e ' s a t i m e and a place f o r e v e r y thing." S h e r m a n once said. Woodhaven.Availa b l e A p r i l . in the bloody. you can shift your f o r c e s much f a s t e r than the Allied playe r can. r e s i d i n g a t 197 J e f f e r s o n S t . D e i n z e r . Northwestern. 1956. U s e your s e c o n d a r y defense l i n e t o get r i d of them. 1955. S. Houston. The R e d A r m y . you m a y e i t h e r countera t t a c k with a good soak-off. . A m h e r s t College. 85-17 91st A v e . Weiss Coll e g e of R i c e U. D. By now you probably think that the only way I play a g a m e i s with a defensive stance. c l i m a c t i c hundred-day b a t t l e of Guadalcanal. Ben W. 1954.95 Available June. . "At Belleau Wood1' by R o b e r t A s p r e y (G. P r i c e . Miami of Ohio. John M. (2. However. ( T h i s cannot b e done well if the invasion w a s f r o m the North Sea. -.A v a i l a b l e "War i s Hell. by J. L i n e b a r p e r . 1956.95 . The r e c e n t l y r e t i r e d C o m m a n d e r in Chief of the S t r a t e gic A i r Command outlines the problems h e f e e l s we f a c e in t h e u n r e l e n t i n g d r i v e of the Soviets and R e d China f o r world domination. A m h e r s t . wasting even m o r e time. ) enough mobility t o get t h e r e a n d b a c k with f r o m 2 t o 4 t u r n s . always r e t r e a t t o r i v e r l i n e s o r cities. Decisive b a t t l e s that m a r k e d turning points in the w a r . J r . J e r s e y . If things should r e a l l y get bad (if t h e c a r d s a r e played right I don't think they will). Philadelphia.eal b a p t i s m of f i r e in WW I. Economics Of National Security. Atomic Weapons And A r m i e s . Reinhardt.