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Electronics and Communication Engg. Dept Second Year Subject : Communication Engg.

1. Define noise and state its different types. 2. What is meant by intermediate frequency? Give its typical values. 3. Write the equation for F.M and .M !ave. ". Define sensitivity and ima#e frequency related to radio receiver. $. %&plain base band transmission system. 'Dra! bloc( dia#ram of rmstron# method. ). Why is G* used in radio receiver? +. ,tate ideal and practical values of band!idth required for F.M. -. Define narro!band and !ideband FM. 1.. Define selectivity. 11. What is ima#e frequency re/ection? 12. Define frequency modulation. 13. What is 0,1? 1". Define trac(in#. 1$. What is modulation inde& of FM.? 1'. Define phase modulation. 1). What is pulse modulation?

22.i#nal to noise ratio. 23. Modulation inde& of F. Dra! 1loc( dia#ram of 2. 3-. Define noise fi#ure. Define 2 M322M32WM. 2'.M. 21.. 2). 9equirement of 2 system. %&plain pre6emphasis and de6emphasis. 4oise temperature. 1-. dvanta#e of 9F amplifier. 2. system. Define F. Define sensitivity5 selectivity and fidelity of radio receiver. 2".. Distin#uish3 define bet!een 7DM and FDM. 2-. What is quanti8ation noise? 33. .M.. 1loc( dia#ram of super heterodyne receiver 3$. Why is mi&er used in FM receiver? ". 3. 2+.DM. %&plain samplin# theorem. Modulation inde& of . 4oise factor 2$. Write points of distinction bet!een M and FM. 3". 31. 2rinciple of optical recordin# 3) What is multiple&in#? 3+. 3'. What is quanti8ation? 32. What is the Function of microphone and list the types of microphone. .1+.

What are !oofers5 t!eeters and squa!(ers? C%A&!ER ' . dvanta#es of differential 2*M over 2*M.. What are baffles? $2. "2. "". %&plain concept of ma#netic recordin#."1. Distin#uish bet!een FM and 2M.o! many sidebands are present in the spectrum of FM !ave. "+. "$. . Define directivity and efficiency of :oud . What are enclosures and its type? $3. . "-.o! do you calculate the b! of M and FM !ave. %&plain tone control in detail. Dra! the frequency spectrum M and FM !ave $. "3. %&plain !ith a neat bloc( dia#ram concept of 7DM "). Distin#uish bet!een M and FM.pea(er. What is delta modulation? "'. $1.

Define modulation? What are their types? %&plain the necessity of modulation. Dra! and e&plain M broadcast transmitter. 11. Derive the e&pression of carrier po!er5 po!er in sidebands5 total transmitted po!er and efficiency for . %&plain the concept of 0. 1. Dra! amplitude modulated si#nal for m<$5 m<15 m=1. -. 3. What are the methods to suppress sidebands? 13.1. Dra! bloc( dia#ram of communication system and e&plain the function of each bloc(.*.15 >. %&plain phase shift method of #eneration of . Derive an e&pression for instantaneous value of M and e&plain frequency spectrum in M !ave.1.1. ". %&plain over modulation5 critical modulation5 under modulation and modulation inde&. 12.. C%A&!ER 2 1. What are the methods of FM #eneration? .. Define amplitude modulation and derive an e&pression for total po!er in amplitude modulated !ave in terms of modulation inde&. Describe the !or(in# of balanced modulator also derive the e&pression of o3p volta#e of it. '.1 and D. +. 2. 1".M si#nal. $. %&plain noise and its types.

". Write a short note on G*.ystem. %&plain the terms related to radio receiver that is selectivity5 sensitivity and fidelity. +. What are the advanta#es and disadvanta#es of M and 2. $. %&plain double spottin#. C%A&!ER ( ) * 1. Dra! bloc( dia#ram of FM receiver and e&plain its bloc(s. 3. '. What are its limitations? $. %&plain the terms pre6emphasis and de6emphasis. +. -. ). *ompare .M5 F. Dra! frequency modulation alon# !ith neat dia#ram. *ompare narro!band and !ideband FM. . .. Derive the equation for frequency modulated !ave. 11. ". 12. What is the principle of G* .%&plain modulation inde& of FM. %&plain simple diode detector.2. What are different . What is amplitude limiter? %&plain in detail. %&plain !or(in# of phase discriminator !ith circuit dia#ram.1 demodulators? %&plain any one. 2. %&plain trac(in# errors and their types. Dra! bloc( dia#ram of M receiver and 2. ). '.M modulation. What is the band!idth required for FM..%&plain simple and delayed G*. 1.M.M and 2. Dra! bloc( dia#ram of super heterodyne receiver. 3.

What are the different types of pulse modulation and state its advanta#es. 11.8 has been selected. . %&plain delta modulation !ith neat dia#ram and list its advanta#es5 disadvanta#es and applications. What is quanti8ation? -. Why >F frequency of "$$ (. %&plain 2 M !ith dia#ram and also list its advanta#es and disadvanta#es.. %&plain differential pulse code modulation !ith dia#ram. 2. C%A&!ER . *ompare 2 M5 2WM and 22M. 1. What are quanti8ation errors and ho! they can be minimi8ed? 1. :ist its advanta#es5 disadvanta#es and applications. %&plain pulse code modulation !ith dia#ram. ). What is pulse position modulation e&plain !ith dia#ram . %&plain 2WM !ith dia#ram and also e&plain its advanta#es and disadvanta#es. 3. %&plain the concept of samplin# !ith neat dia#ram and e&plain samplin# theorem. C%A&!ER + 1. '. $.. ". %&plain the term ima#e frequency.13. Write short note on microphone and state its types.o! 22M is derived from 2WM. +.

%&plain tone control.. ". %&plain the principle of 7. +. 3. bloc( dia#ram. . '. -. Dra! 2. ). $.0 si#nal #eneration. %&plain crystal microphones. %&plain baffles and enclosures. %&plain :.2. %&plain ma#netic tape recordin#. %&plain principle of optical recordin#. and its types. 1. %&plain carbon microphones.