Millenium Dome CASE | Cable | Roof

MILLENIUM DOME,GREENWICH

Vision of the project Built to celebrate the arrival of new millennium in 2000 •Architect-Richard Rogers •Structural Engineer-Buro Happold

Period of construction-1996-2000 Project cost-758 million pounds Building Category-Exhibition and assembly

INTRODUCTION

Diameter-320 meters Central height-48 m Enclosed area-80,000 sqm (20 acres) Capacity-40,000 ppl Main design challenges:

•Long span •Lighting for the enclosed spaces

LAYOUT

Simply Suspended Cables

Pre Tensioned Cable beams Pre Tensioned Cable net
Tensioned Straight Cables-Advantages •The elimination of one set of cables brings with it the removal of cross clamps and anchorages

•Whether the load is acting downwards or upwards, the cable is tensioned in the same direction, which can be a great advantage if this tension is taken by a funicular arch or ring beam •With just one set of cable, connections between the fabric cladding and cable can be greatly simplified which results in easier roof installation

Development of tensioned straight cables -History

UPPER HANGER

CABLE RING

CIRCUMFERENTIAL CACLE CATENARY CABLE

LOWER TIE DOWN STRINGERS

LOAD TRANSFER

•Pyramidal base to suit space planning •Inclination (17 deg) provided on the basis of equilibrium conditions •Rubber pot bearing with a single locating joint to allow rotation DETAILING-MASTS

Needed a translucent fabric roof with insulation

To achieve a light spectrum as close to daylight To avoid condensation of air within the building
PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) coated glass fiber •Flame resistant •Unaffected by UV light •Water proof and dirt resistant

Double layered fabric roofing provided •To provide a layer of air as insulation •To avoid risks

DETAILS-CLADDING MATERIAL

•The stiffening in the cables is provided by highly pretensioned cables (Each radial cable is subjected to 400 kn-2/3 of the tension capacity) •Needed because of the long span of the radial cable-150m

•Tapering segments provided due to the reduced stiffness and excessive deflection under rain and snow loads •Slope increases with the span of fabric panels. DETAILS-CABLES

Circumferential cables on the fabric roof can lead to water accumulation Rigid members introduced to keep cables Off the roof

DETAILS-CABLES-”WISH BONES”

CONSTRUCTION PROCESS-MAST ERECTION

CONSTRUCTION PROCESS

Assemble concentric rings of cables on the ground and Install the individual radial cables between the rings at ground level Use temporary extension cables attached to the permanent hangers, the rings were pulled up Using three separate cable jacks of each of the 12 masts. The separate infill radial cables between the circumferential rings were than installed

Arrangement of lifting equipment in the masthead
CONSTRUCTION PROCESS

Finally the cable net was post tensioned.

CONSTRUCTION PROCESS-CLADDING

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.