This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
fi rst to talk, about
.. s peaking telegraphl
Anto n io Meucci 1871 consb1Jeted telephone-like devices.
AI axan d erG raham Bell 1875
U.S. patent1S76. e I e etromagnetic telephone
Th 0 m as AI'v'a Etiiso 1877
p attened carbon
(gr~hite' tran s mitter
Johann Philipp Reis 18131
pr;illi;t....t..-e' " w. ¥!I.J~.
'm ak,e -an d-breakl telephones
1887 First Co 111111 e rei a I Telephone
Prior to 1900 Ii"'
Early Te lephone Circa 1895
This phone was actually used by Bell.
Note only one opening for both talking and listening.
i I ,/ I I
1871Wal Phone:Separate talk,ing an
istening parts a'voided confusio Crank, is •••• belowth
d e'veloped prior. 1919 ! it took: many ye ars for switching
e q ujpment to enable the use of th e dial (see picture below) .
For e:x:ample! N ' y'o rk, didn't get the dial until 1922
i i. or ~
\ -: \ ~!
~4 .: ~~~
~ ..... ~
?:,. "." ""- -
By 1931 the rotary dial telephone look,ed like this
Th,e d,j al on a rotary phone.
As mentioned previously, the first telephones in the 1810s were rented in pairs enabling talk. only between the pairs. By 1814 the telephone
sw:i t ebb 0 ard was develope d by a Hungarian engineer, T i v adar P uska s .
A swi tchb oar d ( al so call e d a ma.nual exchange) wa s a devi o e us edt 0
o anne ct a gr oup 0 f telephone s manually toone ano ther or to an outside
o anne cti on, wi thin and be twe en telephone exchange s or pr iva t e hr anch
exchanges (PBXs). The user was typically as an operator. Public
manual exchange s eli s a pp e are d ch.rr ing the 1 a st hal f of the 20th century, 1 ea ving a few PBX s working in 0 f fi ce s and ho t els a s manual br anch exchange s .
The ele o trome chanic al aut om.a tic telephone exchange, invented by Almon
Str r in 1888, gradually replaced manual switchboards in central
telephone exchanges. Manual PBX shave al s 0 for the mo s t part been replaced by more sophisticated devices or even personal computers, which give the operator access to an abundance of features. In modern businesses, a PBX often has an attendant console for the operator, or an auto-attendant avoiding the operator entirely.
Te I e p hone SWitchboard
circa 1 lBO's I~
The History/Evolution of the Telephone
.. . through to the early 2000ts. .
Telephone Switc hboard circa 15100
Telephone Switch boa rd circa 1920's - 1930's
By o onp ar ing the pi ct ur es fr om thi s and the previ ous two pages, one notices the sw1tchboards became more technically advanced during the 20th century. With automation o ompl eting mo s t di als call s today, the number of telephone operators re . ed has steadily been reduced. Today operators do not complete dialed calls, except in the offices of a f~ private organizations. Most operators today serve as
cus t o~r s ervi ce representatives to assist a custo~r.
Telephone Swite hboard 1974
~---"--~"~-- "-- -"- -------~-
I 1IDri1H~~~~ 1 1@~mllli_1
Rotary phone circa 1930
Princess Telephone circa 151iSO
Early Modoel - Touch TOl1e Telephone
Sta 11 d a rd Te I e phu n e circa 1960
Touch tone phone circa 1970
Cell Phone 1984
Cord less Telephone circa 1990
Cell Phone circa 2000
BlackBerry Wireless Handheld Device circa ;WOO
HTC Touch Pro Smart Phone 2009
The image to the left shows the compact version of the HTC. It merphs into this configuration below ".I"""hen the keyboard is brought out for text m essa gin g etc.
It dosed captioned telephone
Google Glass Telephone
To u ch Screen Mobile Phone
110 U e h Screen 1_ From Behind
I X:p reS'S (Mq I