••

ERNEST
Hemingway
125 pages
available
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Federal Bureau ·or Investigation,
i . Washington, D. C. Q
Re: _pNEST __ pOONQWAY .
Dear Sir:
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The writer desires to acquaint  
; t-. ·· . .,... __ Jd th ·.a .relationship · that bas developed 'imder the .-d1rec't1on ·or· 'the
__ --'mba s sador w1 th Mr. ERI.JEST HEMINGWAY.
As the Bureau is aware,· HEMINGWAY has been resident in
.. Cuba almost continuously dur1ng ·the past two years, occupying his
!pr1vate tinea at San Francisco de Paula about 14 miles east or
Havana. ·
·
:. . ·. _. · d<---- _,- ·;Be: ·=-Ernest· Hemtngwa,-.
the Amreesaaor as .the -Embassy• s illtfUllge=e
aet1v1 ties, that some consideration should be given to the question -
· ··of relationship between Mr. HEMING-WAY and the Bureau representatives
·- · · ·."di. re c tly ..
This question existed in the writer's mind for two
reasons: (1) It is recalled that When the Bureau vas attacked
early in 1940 as a result or the arrests in Detroit or certain
individuals charged with Neutrality Act violations tor fostering
_ enlistments in the Spanish Republican forces, Mr. HEMINGWAY was
l'figners ·of a::-··a.eelarati-on 'llhioh · eeverely ·ert·ttozed -the
- ... Bureau. in that .ease; (2) in attendance at a cJai Alai match Vi th
HEMINGWAY, the writer was introduced by him to a friend as a
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member or the Gestapo. On that occasion, I told HEMING\iAY that
I did not appreciate the introduction, whereupon he promptly
corrected himself and said I ·:was one or the United States Consuls.
Mr. JOYCE made inquiries or HEMINGWAY concerning his
attitude toward working With us, Without disclosing
therefor, and reported that his attitude appeared to be entirely
'favorable to the Bureau; that he was unable to remember any details -'
or the Detroit incident ot-1940, and that he regarded the Gestapo
in traduction as a jest.
··It was decided, nevertheless, that HEMINGWAY would work
directly_in contact With Mr. JOYCE and'not with the writer; this
>.suggestion came l!r. JOYCE, and no advantage vas seen in ·
making any different arrangements. It vas also decided that the
expenses he would incur would be paid by the Embassy directly out
ot special funds.
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·consequently, .early in September 1942, ERNEST HEMING-WAY
began to engage directly in intelligence activities on behalf of
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the American Embassy in Havana. !hese activities he manages rrom
_ his 'tinea, with visits to Havana two or three times weekly. He is
_ · operating through Spanish Republicans whose identities have not
- . been 'furnished but which ve are assured are obtainaple when desired.
t a meeting With him at·his1"incf'. on September ;30, 1942, cthe
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ter vas advised· 'tha1; .he ·now :has -t'our men ·operating on a -full
  cbas1.r;"'- and J,&-11101'e 'whose poa1 .are ters, and __ .:___
.like, operating on a _l?art-Ume basis. -.The cost_-:;p_ pthis _:·-
  approximately 1500 a month. .1\eports tted 1;o ··
.t • who dicta tee. the material to a personal ·:secretary and
-.-furnishes duplicate copies to Mr.· JOYCE, ·one being·:tor_;the Embassy.
' and the other tor our use. The material thus tar submitted appears
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to be carefully prepared .and set out, and the Ambassador has .noted l
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on several memoranda that he- J.ikes'EEMINGWAY'S approach, and nshes
·to encourage him in the type of work that he is doing. HEHH.'GWAY
himself me that he an otter from Hollywood to write
a script_for a nMarch of Time" report on the "Flying Tigers" in
Burma, tor whi'ch the ,compensation was to be tl50, 000, because he
considers the work he is now engaged in as or gre'ater importaJiC_fl.,
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work on the south coast or Cuba._
lfho has a Yide reputation as· a fisherman, knows the
coast·.line and waters of Cuba very intimately; he has also engaged
riod in some scientific investigations concerning
a
mel:nb•ers be· recognized as war casualt}es tor
_indemnification -in the event any loss ot .life results
operation.
Wlth'epecific reference to the conducting or intelligence
investigations on the island ot Cuba by Mr. HEMING\I'AY, the writer
Wishes to state that his interest thus tar has not been limited to
the Spanish Falange and Spanish activities, but that he has included
numerous German suspects. Hie reports are promptly and he
assures Mr. JOYCE that hi.s only desite is to be or assistance on a
. cooperative basis, Without compensation to hims_elt, and that he will
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. be guided at all times by our wishes. So tar, no conflict has '
· developed between his work and that which Bureau personnel is handling
.'l.n Havana; and HEMINGWAY told me that he wishes to be told where to
_ his whepever this i_s thought !J.,.
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in thiS Bi tua tiOn, . c)(eanwhile 1 if there _.i.S cany infOI"-
mation or instructions tor the guidance of ,the writer, I would
appreciate being advised.\1) '-\ _ _ ·. · · . ·;- }.
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. ···Legal· A RGL:RM

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·Director,
Federal Bureau ot Investigation,
Washington, D. C. ·

Dear Sir:
',<· . .-.-:· -:··=···- · :•·,.=><·Reierence·l.e October '3,
-1942.in this matter. For the further information ot the Bureau
regarding Mr. HEl-iiNGWAY
1
S participation in intelligence
activities, under the or the Embassy, it is now . ·
_understood that one   being sent !rom Washington ·.
for the special purpose or assisting Mr. HEMINGWAY in this work .. -,
Mr. HEiHNGWAY advised the Ambassador that DURAN had
been active with him in intelligence .work on the Republican side
ot the Spanish Civil War, and recommended hie abilities very
highly. DURAN, he said, held some poei tion in the Department or
State, the exact position being unknown. He was uncertain
whether DURAN who was Spanish citizen had acquired
American citizenship.
f
At the instance ot Mr. HEMINGWAY, Ambassador ·
· •communicated with the Department or State wh ch agreed to release
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DURAN on leave ot absence in order that. he .!!; ght come to Cuba and
work with Mr. HEMINGWAY· as he did 1n Spain.
·. Of./.further.interest in this r is a visit or
(the termer Y.AR GELl:iORN) ·to Washington
during the week commencing October 12, 1 42. Mrs. HElHNGWAY
. is to be the personal guest ot Mrs. ROOSEVELT her stay in
i:::,... Washington, and the Ambassador outlined to her· certain aspects
·. , • ;o; or the intelligence situation in Cuba in ord,er that she might ·
... E i. ' convey the same, in personal conversation, to the· President and
.e :o··· -ROOSEVELT ... ·This has specific ·reference 1oo the .E!nbassy
1
s ·
· '!.or approval ot. tinanc.1cg b;y .the . _!,lo_yernment .ot ..
. . , ... ., fi! ··"i.nt-e=ent and investigati-ve program 'brought out :l!;r -.the ·Cuban ·
=01 authorities·. ·To date, no action has resulted t'·rom:-"Washington on ·
··. this proposal and it is thought by the Ambe.ssador·.that some results
,?l\. .. ·· this. term _of per_sonal
·· J;'flJ:.S DES'l'ROYEO. & INDEXED
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FEB 15\94
3

OCT 14 1942.
-U. S. DEPARTMENT OF JlJSTlCE
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-!/ -_- Director, Re: ERI'iEBT HEHINGWAY
:; .i:"'·· the -thill .mattm-, you may
  .to ·bnng this .reterenae .to the personal
_ - .,. . a:ttention 1:l1' the .Director.. . . _ · _ ...
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DecSiaber 17. 1.942
Mr . Kramer __
Mr. MeGulre_ . _
MEMORANDUW FOR THE DIRECTOR Mr . Barbo
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· _ . . , ... , .... llr. .Derican writer, re tl7
_has been acting ..u personal inf'ormant of Spruill , aden
· ·.in Havana, Cube.. · ·. - - -- - - ·
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FBI Atte.che R. G.--Ledd&-, ste.tioned at the American Embassy in
DETAILS
Cuba, J::las recently advised th.e.t Ernest Hemi.ngway, well-known American
.writer, has been residing in Cuba, just outside for approximately
two years. Hemingway, it will be recalled, engaged actively on the side _
of the Spanish Republic during the Spanish Civil War, and it is reported that
he is very well acquainted with a large number or Spanish refugees in Cuba 'E £
and elsewhere. Hemingway, it will be recalled, loined. in attacking the Bureau
early in 1940, at the time or the •general smear campaign" the _5! "t
-...: ..... of certain individuals in Detroit charged With violation of Federal u c
statutes in connection with their particiration in Spanish Civil War activities.
It will be recalled the.t sign.ed a declaration, al.ong with a number
or individuals, severely criticizing the Bureau in connection with the
Detroit arrests. Hemingway has been accused of being of Communist sympathy,
a1 though we are advised that he has denied and does vigorously deny any
Co!DI'IJUilist affiliation or sympat.v. Hemingway is reported to be persone1.1y
• friendly rlth Ambassador Braden, and he is report'di.;to enjoy the Ambassador's
complete confidence. Accord.i.ng Leddy, f'p ay is also on very
rriend1y ter:ns with United States ,c presently __,-
in Cuba., and with Ur. Robert P .- :r ce, .J).f' .. th.fL.ric.an.
in Havana. -- .
· ·· llr. Leddy has advised       !
-or Ambassador ·Braden tor the past aeveral. 110nths -.nd in this capacity ,
... cl.anl7·witb Jmbaasador Braden amd Seccm!i SecreWf.to7Qe: · · ·
atated 'J;hat Ambassador Braden bas made no aecret of! ·-r ,· ·f
\ .   so tar as Agent. Leddy is concerned, and, f'urther, t\ie· .Miihassaddr;his .. · ::_
· that a1l of Hemingway's reports and on f'urnished : by him
llllSt be turned OYer to J1r }J;ddy. ,_,, · --·-·- -..!......... ..
GUl'li;;S DES'.i:l:OYED • i!'t . 1.-\:
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'7 DO HOT FILE. BBTURN AT ONCE
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._;::·.·--:: ... :lle:llorandum. !or the Director
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: Jfr. Leddy bas advi'sed that the original arrEUigemept 'Whereby
Mr. Hemingway would act as informant of hbassador Braden was largely
Fonce.rned with certain political matters, particularly as to the con-
Jnection or alleged connection of certain Cuban pOlitical leaders with the
Falange and the involvement of Cub!in officials generally in
local graft and corru.ption within Cuba._ hba.ssad_or Braden, as you will
recall, is a very implusive individual and he apparently has had a
"bee in his bonnet" for some time concerning alleged graft and corruption
on the part of certain Cuban official.a •... Agent Leddy has stated that
·· ·· ... ,. · · lfr• ··Hemingway has ·apparently 'm"ganized ·a mmber ·or · !!liiOng -the
..• Spanish refugee group,. whose identities are not known to Leddy, and,
- · according to the best of his information, their identities are not known
to anyone except HemiJ:lgway.
Agent Leddy has advised that Hemingway's activities have
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branched out and that he and his informants are now ·engaged in reporting
to the Embassy various types of information concerning subversive
activities generally. llr. Leddy stated that he has become quite' con-
cerned with respect to Hemingway's activities and that they are un-
doubtedly going to be' very embarrassing unless something is done to put
a stop ·to th m. llr. Leddy has advised that Hemingway is apparently under-
taking a ra involved investigation With regard to Cuban officials
prOniiileptl e . vernmen ,  
' e1rtm.,- head o! the Cuoan Nationa:t Police; that he,
Agent L·eaay, B'that the Cubiliis are eventually going to find out
abOut tlli! 1! J16lliiiig'lrily conunu·es-operating, and 'tliat-sericius-trOuble
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llr. Leddy has advised that1Eere is an individual attached
to the Embassy by the name of Gu!!:tavo who is of Spanish descent
and is employed by the Coordinator o Inter'7Americsn Affairs; that Duran
is a ·very close friend of Hemingway and is apparently consulting and
actually working with Hemingway in connection with the latter's
activities.
This matter has been discussed at some length with Mr. Leddy,
. <.h: , . and he was asked just .what objection, if any, he has ever personally
· .ot.ficialJT to the arrangement or whethar ha has .discussed its
:.bed e!.t'eats :with the Dbaesador.
. '.¥!#:-?-'-·. Leddy stated that he has not ot'fered any
!f:.O· to this proposition; Uiat the Allibassador .his adVised Leddy qUite !'rankly
and opeDly that Hemingway is the Ambassador's informant ·cand that. all in-
of any kind whatsoever fUrnished by Hemingway will be immediately
·· 'OfiflBffiliAl
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turned over to Leddy, llhich, according to Leddy, il!l actua:Uy being
done. Leddy suggested that the Bureau take this IIIB.tter up rlth Am-
bassador Braden while he is in the United States. •
·rt was pointed out to Leddy that the Bureau certainly cannot
take the matter up with Ambassador Braden and protest to him unless
Leddy has first made the positi.on quite pla.in'to the Ambassador
_. ... _M.nisill. "'it lias pointed out to Jfr. 'Leddy that-the· wotild
'· ::.undoubtedly resent any complaint or protest concerning the arrangement
--:from the Bureau direct, llhich complaint and protest could only be based
upon Leddy's re·commendati.ons and i.nformation, unless Leddy hes himself
first discussed the matter rlth the Ambassador and pointed out the
Bureau's position, thi.s being particularly true inasmuch as Ambassador
Braden hes apparently been quite frank with Agent Leddy about the
arrangement and hes insisted that all i.nformation furnished· by Remlilgway
be imm.edi.ately :furnished to Agent Leddy.
Jlr •. Leddy stated that he Can point out to the Ambassador that
he, Leddy, has not checked any reports hom Hemingway concerning .corruption

      Cuban Government; .that'he does not f'eel that .Bur.eau Agents should
  c.· ..
.. cerned and something that, :1.f we get involved in i.t, to mean that
· ·.· all o! us rlll be thrown out o! Cuba •be_g·and baggage:•_
. ;.
Agent Leddy stated he can point out to the Ambassador the
extreme danger of having some i.nformant like Heminglray given free rein
to stir up trouble such as that whi.ch will undoubtedly ensue :1.f this
.· .. ... _·situation continues. Jlr. stated that desp;!.te the !act the
" E 0 N FIB EfHIM. . CONrjoEJdJiili.
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Ambassador likes Hemingway and apparently has confidenc4 in him, he is
_of the opinion that he, Leddy, can handle this situation with the Am-
bassador so that Hemingway's services as an informant rtll be com-
pletely discontinued, Jlr. Leddy stated that he can point out to the
Ambassador that Hemingway is going further than just an informant;
that he is actually branching out into an investigative 'organization
:o:f his own 8D3" control whatsoever.
"- REgOMi.!ENDATION
Mr. Leddy, if you approve, will be told to advise the Bureau
promptly and in detail as to the outcome of his negotiations with the
Ambassador concerning this matter, at lihich tillle we should, it is believed,
advise Yr. Berle for the Bureau's protection.
Respectfully,
 
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commEN111\L
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ATTACHE
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UNtTKO eTATU Of' AMitRICA
- Dear Sir:
The Bureau has previously been advised
of the activities of Mr. Ernest Hemingway in the
operation of an under cover "intelligence" organ-
ization in Cuba, under the auspices of the American
Embassy. \.. . .
The writer has been advised in confidence
by an Embassy official that Hemingway's organization
19as disbanded and its 19ork terminated as of April l,
·,·. __ . .This action was taken by the American
· Ambassador without ·any consultation or notice to
representatives of the Federal Bureau of Investi-
gation.
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'OFFICE OF DIRECTOR, BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION
TO
:· ··.!."·' ·llfTTI:IAL .IJIDICJ.'l'ED JI£LOI .-B'f:Ciil!CI:·JUR!t
-Mr. Tolson --------
Mr. E. A. Tamm
Mr. Clegg
llr. Coffey
lolr. Gla.vin
Nr. Lll.(1(1
lolr. Nichols_
lolr. Rosen
llr. Tra.ny __ _c.. __ _
Vr. Ca.rson
lolr·. Hen(!on
lolr. Mumford --------
lolr.
· 111r: · Bta.rke
lolr. Quinn Tunm
Nr. Nea.se ----
Miss Gandy
see Me
Note an(! Return __ _
Remarks:
. ·";:.

( )
)
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( )

( )
(   .......  
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( )
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( )
)J-
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..JOHN EDGAR' HO-QVER
C .
'-'
CC ... 287 , !'4_!; Tollon V
--- 't(J ,. .:--"""' · Mr. E.A. Ta..mm_
-r-l
'
'
; • . · ' • / , Mr. qlegg __ _
.JTrhnal iiurrau nf lnurstigu:tion V' Mr. Glavin. __ _

... ..  
, ' . . · .Traoz. /
_CQNfJ11l"t.m,a£. _J;zril zr. · c...::J:h:Mitunv . 7
u...attl . : .  
HEREIN IS U:<CLASSil'U:O Mr. Hezido<>.---
VRA.: CSM:LNS
EXCFPl' lil!ER!i: Sl!OW!i' Mr. Krame;.
OTHERWISE Mr. MeGuir-'-e_.-_-_-_-
MEMORANDUM FO:It TEl: DIRI!:CTOR. Mr ...
(/ f) ..._/!:.;.,S.uinn T&mm.
Bit ·.
1
., Room.,_. __
__ , a.wf'ltl) = .t.L.. Kr---*"•••--
. _..,_- .•.. 5-··I..AI Min •
•• -:·1 •• A··i!Eoot! • Y1Ul·7"t't!" ....t-a -at:Wb 4 .• .. ,-":"_""Jlia• Gandy.
which J.a .11m' filea _____ "-_-_-_-_-
illg :hunt l!.eminpq. Ule 1mthcr. -- 7 -
Xr. U will be noted, he.a been connected with
. T!!.rloua 10-ee..lled Co h,.tfona d ni..e.ct1
e.i ing t iet cause in Sp!in, In the le.tter connection he apent
aometillle in in iiUr1.ng the Sp1mi1h reToluUon ed reported the n•enh
there the North Jaerice.n l'enpe.per JJ.lie.nce.
II
Despite 1 &eti'rltiea, no int'orme.tion he.1 been re- ·
eeiTed which vou.ld til hia with \he ColllD1miat Put;r or which
would indiee.te the.t he 11 or he.a been a Put;r meaber. Ilia &etiona, hov-
enr, he.n indice.ted the.t hia rteva are
1
11beral" e.nd the.t. he II!Q' be
inclined   to Comnmi1t po!iUcal philoaophiea,
,., .. '. ::. ·. - ia.lie.Tillll!t," Cube. where he he.a retlda.d Oftr
7ft Sri, :ror 10111etime he acted aa an under-conr   t
Jaerice.n .bbe.ue.dor Spruille :Bre.den, e.nd e.ppe.ren tl;r enjoyed Ambe.sae.-
dor' 1 complete confidence. You will race.ll on Decea'ber 17, 1942,
there vere aet forth in e. aemore.ndua for ;rou, the detiil1 of a
act1Tit1ea in Cube., a1 well u the date.ila hia &llocie.tion vith \he
Americ!IJ1
Brien,-, Reminpq eate.bliahed vhe.t ve.a termed
1
e.n ee.teur,
tnt'orme.tion aerTice
1
e.nd pUlered intellit;ence dAte. which he
/ turned onr to Mr. :!re.d.en. In thia vorll: lfemiDpq 4enloped hia own con-
- ..

e.nd Yl'la ae.id be vi th e. 1m111ber !!pMliah
- ·•flflli:eea in Cube.. ·-.lria rehtionahip with \he Jabe.aae.dor Vl'!.l quite trie:nd.J.7,
-;;qv,:_a<,.t., '"'"-*   .m pez1\ocl!¥ .repr· .. -bti?u :u
, kTan& rege.rdiD.g thil rele.Uonehip e.n! -a. eJ.l ·the vh1ch / _.
-,;"' . · . turniahed hiJo, &Te.ilable to \he lhlnl'rll.. cla.te., :'
, vera lO.lllloat   f 11 Yal.uelua. · . . . c. _:._...
;r /tl.r!(. .I :·:{ _;·_?/.,)- r;
REASOli - J'CIII 11, 1-2. . 2 -=- ·
DUE 01 BEVIE'i . 8 · . t
- ....
. . j
75 JUN 1 .
/
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. ... : .. :;:
.. •
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.. ... :.&Ai!U«<XN ftlll-EZ ' ' '... · "· . _____ .a-
·- ... c·.r. .. 1kae.,u·TeJ!t'.Went,.t1N a\:MUond·ort 'the
·,·
1
Americ..n lm'b,.ia;r in • Cue.. hl!.a recentl;r tlv>t the
diacontinued • aerTicea et!ectiTe April l, _1943, At the preeent
time he h .. neged to be per!ormin« ot highly aecret n"T"l oper,.tion !or
In thia colllleetion, the lf"T;r Dep.!U'tment 11 l"'id to
be P"'ying the expeneea tor the oper!tilon o! • turnilhin8
hill vi th !!.rill ud ehl!.rting eourau ill the CubJOn ue10., L{
.. :·.; !he llure"u h"a conducted no illTe&tig>Oilon o! Hemilli;Y"-;r, ba.t hia
, ..    
I

J:ncloeure
·• ;:-:-
'"(.:if : _·:.. .
,7-T ,;:.
. 4'':JMII;.•"
.,
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:>

11





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. •.;_ .•
•• ·.o;:;,::. ·-·· ••
p!NEST m:Mili'GYAY
l!, J.ctiTitiea on l!ehal! of Lo;ralht Spaia
.........
1. .ibrshma Lineob l!ripda
2. .beri eu B. ec-Ge Sh1 p llini on
. .. 4. Jaint • llet'agee Coma! ttee
6. Medical llnreau to Aid Spuilh Demoer&q
6. Motion Pictuz:e .lrtiete Comtittee
7. I .berieu. Committee to .lid Speieh DemocrAc;r
8. Sp8lliah llefugee Belief Cupucn
9. t1!!1tod 8pu11h Aid Collll1 t tee
10. thdted Youth Coanittee te .lid l!p8.nieh DemoerAey
-ll. lfzi.tera .aad J.rUah .Jmbuluce Corp•
c. Poeeib1e Connection• with Communiet Part;r
1), Aet1Titin

1. JmericAn Committee for the Protection of l!orn
.berleAn Yrl hre Congren
3. Lesgue of American Yri tere
- JIUicait '!rip
. · General Irln;_t-ion ,,... .
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1, 2
3,
6
6, 6, 7
7
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:11""."'!'01 . . · · . . 1011 colf!U'-
·<·· ., .•  
'i!EREl;q
15
sao 'lUi .J!EUIBS T BEIIING19I
y.XCE?T \IllER ·. -· .
OTHERWlSllo •"

ci;. PI u£Jin hie
a:rsroax m BACKGRQUliD
. :vr. Hllninglrq wa11 born in oak

Illinoill on JUJ.:r 21
1
1.898
1
the
. son of Clarence »:!moDis and Grace (Hall) Heaingwa7• lie was educ&ted in public
schools and accordillg to the Jr111r tone f:imes of January 12
1
19.37, was an --
·dri-wtUI. U. dur!nc-tbe -.tlrld ·-ar •. ·,-1111 tall dnoted
aubsequant aa:ieavon .to 112'1ting and bas ac:quired an internatiozal repu.ta-
u an author, hill bnt Jcn<:J.n recent worlt being •For llhOlll the Bel.l8 Toll•.
s: workll include •!'hree Stories and fen Pollllll!l• 1923
1
"'n Our rae• 1924,
0
·"The Torrents of Spring'" 1926, •n:.e Sun .Uso Riau• 1926, "llen Without 1"oaen•
., g l9Z7
1
•1. Jarnell to J.nu• 1929, IIJ)eath 1n the I.J't;ernoon• 1932, orw1nner Take
; :f;' Nothing" 1933, •Green Hills of .ltrica• 1935, •:ro Have and Have Jiot• 1937, '"The
"' r- J'ifth COlumn .00 the Firrl 49• 1938. .
j · lie bas also eontribu.ted to Scribner's, J.tlantic llonthly, JJn- Re;ublle,
\3 c i-S Cosnopoli and ma zines. In addition he has had articles
blished 1n · sses hi scism 11 a Lie• baTing app;&r;a thereill
on June , . . • In 19.37 938 be ·coftred the Spameb Civil ar tor the
.Jrorth .Perican }llewapeper jll1•noe.
In 1927 lieming&)" ll&l'l'ied Paul.ino Pfeiffer, a fashion writer, 1n
· l'art.,. ft'anoa.. .l'llo. c:hiJ.dren.- a.tri.ck 'and Gregol'T, ware born of th1ll mdon
tnd their 1:115tod;r was narded to their .other at the time abe 11ecured an un-
eonteeted divorce fro. Hveral ;re&rs ago.
tirat 1frs.
;;r· .··: :: '::.: .. :d'<li/.':  
-
2
- •• C.' ..
-.:,;;:\\i portedl7 living vith her on a :t'e.r. nee.r   Cuba which h84 .been Val"ch8•e4
liDger l)lOrJL.·-Jfartha.Gellltnnr app!inJaiq 't!cmght lle1'4re .her m.r-
- an4 tile warri!lp - -a. -.1 Hilrtbll
;,-, .. ,;., ... were inllpain ld; tile •- UIMI the Speniah u -
1
-..,.. "11M .huJal-'• W 1.t1 ._liz q l911t
0
.:illd:icaWd. a peraOA
· "" recentl7 back b:M rwmarlted thllt he 1md. aet both and
··· -Kerth& Gellhorn in Ma4r14. :· .
::;·.,
Hemingway h •till redding 1l1 RavenA, Cuba an4 on Decelllber 7, 1942,

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YM reportedl7 receiTing hh u.il at the .blbo1 Mundo• Hotel, Havana, Cuba. and
wa.1 1aid to be quite :triendl;r vith Xanolo J.tper, the o:t' thh hotel.
. 11 laid to have a brother, Leicester Hemingway, vho 1l1
•. .u...ra_por:tad to be O:!:t'ice .:t'ar .liMrgu.cy
'· lfaaldngtoa. 1l. c. . ..
. . ·- .
. :;.. ---.....-:---- -·--

_·:-r,
.. :I

·:.
.&
.- -
··-:::-- :.
: ..... -. ;;_, .-
. . . . - - ·-·
• .... - · ·· -.-J.CfltlrW Olfli!!!!FJII71Jr IDIJLISf SPJ.II
· . : ;:he Ule Spanish Jllmll.ut1lz, I 'kiw«) "WU 'ftrJ tl:'t1n b hrther1ng
the Loya.llst cause and spent eaao tiiM in Spain duriiJ& thie period. 111• Pearson
and Allen colUIIIl in the Sunday Kirror ot January 17
1
19.37, contained the t'ollawi.ng
nmarks concerning Erneet HtDinglray and the Spanish linolution: ·
81JIP&thUers ot the Spanish Beds han been '11'&3ting
a lot ot aood lightiDg.
. lithe let't-.in&u-s have been scrapping uong th-selves OYer who
·'!" should zale :*be:raen·ot• .,, "w·tdJl to. illd.-p eJwnrt ..
. ;,.rlalmtl.y ae tbe. in Kadrid trenches have been battling to lacld t:Jtt
. , _ ... ·;.. Franco and his horde ot' Koors and Fasci.st ••
stoq ot' this internecine feud ia. an ot petty.
tact1ooel1• and part1aan
.. .
•Last September, a 1%'0\IP ot prominent .uerlcan liberala orianized
a non-partUan committee to help the Spanillh Clonnaent. ActiTe in the
l
.o..-ement were such notables ae. El'Ileat ·Rem1npll;)'", Susanne La Follette, ,
Jolm Dos Paaaoa and J-s Borty. A. tund 11'&11 started to eend a neet ot
tnln abulancea wi.th a score ot dri..-era to Spain.
IIJro aooner had the O<lllllli.ttee operat.in& than taction•l 1p
threlr a .onlce;r lll'ench into the plan •
. ·:· ... , c1..D ..... d1.au;ni11i1Ci .tbG.ot ·•••- illll !WW!Iittee,
··. · · (Mmunilltll had quietl)r captured llineteen places •. t'hie embarra.es&d
organizere, who had poaiti.Tel7 assured Spani.!Jh .btbuaador
de loa .Rioe that the Jllerican aid would be tree ot politics.
•ro oft alit th1a coup, ·the Socialist organised a b1i .us
-tillg 1ih1eh tl:leY &liked de loa .Rioe to addreee. ·
•7he ec.muniate countared wi.th.a boycott ot t.be altair. A tree-.tor-all
Haaed in the •""'"& when cooler heads 1nterT8ned and induced the riYal
parties to nepend and ,1oin in the -et.ing,
. .. . · llllean.blle,-the 1ih1ch 1t had been planned to
· : ;   OPriJ' A = eire • .• AI IJ•a .ia p\UJc IUdlrr 1iq. • .
- .... . . .... . .
· tollo;ring intOl'II&Uon enUUe4 n.n•
..;;, by Leonard Jqone, iD the January 26, 19.37 iaaue ot t.be JJ.,.. York Poett
-.
•b · repon along Broadlrq lut JU&ht 1raa Srnest H-1 npay already
baa sailed· .tor Kadrid, and nari 1a on the hi&h eea.s, loyaliet-bound ••• ro
those who lalolr .biJD, 't.hi.a doesn't •- ao etrall&•· Bu.t to &· •Ulion other•
ill YOnder-as to 1lh7 a.aan who has taru, eeeurit,.. and a .tamily he
10Tea ahould r1.ek h1a l.Ue in Y&r-to:rn ar.&8 ••• 'llllat prie'e Idealf Yet this

. '
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-il-
L:.\
'V'
csMiuJlt U[
"'; -t.a tt. tba first aacri.fioe Hnpi Pi"Q" a. . .ada ..i& . .at what he knolre
__ lie Tnrtb,-_ hr ,.us a._ htm .inrl.tatiOD.S to iO to Hollywood
. tr:t tbe -n.ea a-*· But during the put tiro --a
    ..-ow au t.i.- hera 1D'11ritiac yUh"'¢ JJq.str a•c:l"!'eollll
. ·- er.dj_ t, tflr .a.kino .ti.l..u f1'
1
- llhile in Spain, during ·the Spaniah Bnolution, Htlllingw&T was said
to haTe usociated with Jq Allen, o.t the North Aaer::l.oan !in-spaper &1J1ance.
It baa been allered b1" a maber o.t aourcea that .u1en was a Camunist and he
1a knawn to han been &.!filiated with alleged Cc:ilanmist Front organi.uti.Ollll.
J apparent17 spent aau tae. in a concentration CGip in Spain •
.4 oon.tidenti&l in.tonaant 1lbo .!QU&ht in the Spaniah Citil War .tor the
Loy&liata, and who cla1•ed to baTe been cat>tured and placed in a concentration
ca.p at San Pedros, Cardenaa, Spain, atated that he -t Ernest HII!DingwiQr while
in thl.l!l camp •l f) I.{ . .
One Su. Baron, llhlle testi.tyinjr be.tore the Dies Ccadttee on lloTIIIber
2.3
1
read into tbe record the .tollcnring article, which he atated had
appeared in Walter Winchell'• dated Sept.ber 2, 1938
1
concerning Ernest
H-.inpay. nws article and the tesHaoiiT o.t Kr. Baron concernin& HEai.nglray
u aa .tollOW3 t ·
·: . .. ; . -
· "Kmest llaingwa;r haa a piece ocwinr oat. in len ·abOut a correspondent
a poqr.tul Bri.tiah nnspaper. Becanse it would be 11belOU3 1n England
to :untion the aan'• name it il!ln•t. It t.ella how th1l!l correspondent tried
to aend out an uncensored atoi7 about Loy&l11!1t terron.-that the soldiere
are wantonly ehot dead by their 01m .tenon, etc. *** Hemingw&T tried to
·tell. t.he nncomer that auch terror happened last 7ear--not anymore.
- Jrenrtheless the ll4ll insieted on out the .fabrication b;r a
eirl# who didn't know the contents o.t the eealed enTelope. Had
ahe been ca:aght with it on her person, ehe would haTe been ehot.. - The
Dllnp&pel_"'leel there f'ln•llT intercepted the envelope and destroyed. it •
. - -- . - .
c: I 1rant to out lien u .th&t..Xrnut R-'rtpq• a :oouraaeoue
•. _.ad 111l-aba atoz) -tener.-.bo eo-
Vied to_ talJc upon political aattera, 'Which.Erneet.
-;;:;.;--,,.... . •· does not UDderstand, but lla.a just been whitewashing ac-un1at terror-in
·;;· _;· . Spain in the T&rioue articles he had wr::l.tten in the United- states. He
·""'< baa here adlllitted that the Coaaunil!lta have been 8pread1nr terror 1n Spain
' . · and ehooti;ng their l.oyalil!lta 1n the baclca.• _
C .. ;)I,.
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-s-
- · r.·
.-•c : 1lo iaa hbtWIJ 4;1939 -t 1 .t Mi!61d;;- .
... .spt; .r •mea-. , ewHnc writer. relllaa!ld an appeal on l'ebraarr 1.939 b7 .
-:., .Pu.rJ. Buck• .Bmen &rttw·Jaoo BatN a:ad Hp=inpq • hl:r t.ha ra1 •'n& or
·· • ·'tbe ¥ilbaz&o tile Span'• !iwpnhl1e biq:hJ& -·:m 'tbe   ·.
. • ror it.a dereDae • .An. account er ihia .. al.ao the Peoples' .
....
on hbruarT 1, ·
Ck1 24,
1
the Da1ly Worlcer. carried an article IIDti.tled, "REIIIIinpay
to Talk at Writer' a BallT'· th18 article etated that Xrrleat H-.1npq, dilltin&uiahed
.&aerican writer, 'II'Olll.d aalce h1a firet pllblic -o>pearance aince.hia recent return
!rca Spain, at the pabllo aeeting o! the AID&riean Writer'• to. be
at Ca:rnegi.e Hall, Friclq June 4,. that He.inpay, who had bollght and
ntmle e.blr tM Spent• .tllp11-te• .reporled.tM etnl. -.z..ur a . ·.···
..e! .&aerican -.papen. . J.ccordi.n& to thie article, Browder,
3 I al. af 'ta. 0 iii!i!lw1; J'artT, Yolll.d WO addreSS thiS aeetizl& Gil
tile .probl- o! tbe intellmctual and the peQple
1
e front &&ainet Faacn..a. ·
A elippin& repertedl7 tr<a lin York tiaee or September 21, Y&a
turnished by a confidential aourc.. 1'b1a clipping announced that a dinner
!orua on Earope 1r01ll.d be hald October .9, at the Hotel Bil.taore in •- York,
1mder the auspices e! the herican c-ittee to Save Befu&eee, the E::d.le ec.mittee
o! the League o! Aaerican·Writere, and the United .blerican Spanish lld Cc.mti.ttee
to raise tUDde !or the transportati.en o! &llti-Faacist n!U&•••   French ·
coneentration camps te. the .bler1caa. !Ilia clipping that I,illian Rel.lJun
and Er:neet -re oo-chairaaJ:l o!. the dinner !orwa
ihe abeve Etioned oen!idential eoUroe aade the following remark )
concerning T.1111an He11•en and Erneet a..i.Dglray: -r.nlian liel.lu.n, who to&ether
th H-.ingwq .U • .U. c Ol1tright Cgmmnht.
u liD the outa. 'lli.th the 0 "'I!I'W; &ppai"Wio1J' :b 11ehing u innocent .
riend. • fh1a aouroe al.•o JUde the al.l.eiati.on that the -ntioned
rganizationa -re "l.OO% c-UDiet 8lld run. •
. . . .
- . . .
Lincoln l!rlga.de
..: ·::.· .•-, .
:.:· ·.:
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:. .....
.. · ;,.
-
. . ..:0 8'-lla Adler q,ena rae DliT Jleetinp
- . . . ....: ·. - · .. : ...Jipal' Sps'n .&1.1! . . • . .
1l1ll uke hiA first public appearance 1n two
7Nl"S at a -=orial. meeting to honor al.l.the .&laericana ..-ho died  
tor 1n Spain. !he aeetiJ:I& 1li1.l be held Wedneadq, Fab. 22,
Washington'• Birlllclq, at 8 P. ){. at the lC&IIhattan Center, 34th street
m1d Ei&hth .&.Tanue lmder the auapicea or the Friencb o! the .Abraham Lincoln
Bn&ade •
. - ... •In._Vibnt. to . ..bia,.II_Pl•nd1d lrOZ'it.iA bebalt,oO{ .. tbe Jvr1 nan wb11 e he . , .•...
' ·-:..- · . _.,_ ·tn .. l!III1.DPaJr 1dJJ: be eeeorled tO the p1attara b7 a cu-rd or
co.posed or 40 Tet.er&De or tbe Lincoln Brigade.. peracaall.7
-- o - parchaaed aeTeral. ubulancea llhi.ch ..-.re aaaicled to the L1ncoln J3r1&ade.
•Oar dead are a part er the earth o! Spain D01r and the earth o!
Spain can nenr die, Hemingway ut>lained. •Each winter it will aeem to
die and each aprillg it Till cOllie alln &&lin• Our dead will UTe rlth
it !orner •••• And aa long aa al.l wr dead lin 1n the Spaniah earth,
and they rlll l1'" aa long aa · the earth l1 -yea, no ay-atem o! tyranny
enr rlll pra..-a11. •
.&.long rlth Vincent Sheaan Till &lao delinr a .uology to
. the-n who cl1ed in' Spain. W. Poat. will preside.•
ODe Joaaph liartA wrote a book entitled "llen 1n the Ranka• llbich purported
_ .. to be the 11toq o! -.ricana in Spain and which waa publlihed b7 'the
,_,.-:·   1iiB 1n Jl&rch, 19)9. llllll:ing1fay wrote a !onrard
tor thia beok.
·1) In June, 1939 naM ..-aa listed on the letterhead or the
.Abraham LinColn Brigade aa cme or ita · :
. !be }lay S, 1941 iaiiUll o! the D;all:r Worker, 1'&8e 4!
1
contained an article
entitled, "Vete Parley- to strea11 Fight !or Peace Policy-a. 'l'hia article reported .
a aade by- one John Gatea a !onaer Colonel., who !oll&ht in Spain,
and credited Gatea rlth ••kini the !ol.l.owiJl& Krnest
· war JUkara today
1
• aaid Gates
1
•are aetinly- uing enemies who !ormerl.y-
rlth the tor the Spanillh :liepllblic.•
_:,.,.c;,.;,;;-;;;:;,;_,. ,;:__ ··---- ·. . - ' . .. ·. . . . .. . . . ---
' up • w· 1111'Lotda ·
-.fi_":; •••
• .. n, md Ernest llll&linpay-. He referred qpeeial.l;r to Fiachar
1
a antobiography
alandera the Spanish eo-mo1ata and the Sorlet. Union, md Batea referred
fri - to attecldng the ec-.uniat Party. Batea al.ao reportedlJ' stated that
Vetarana or the Abraham L1neoln IIU.St aooldly upoae the partial
Tar policies or the BooaeTel.t •dmin1atration.•
••
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CMti lu.._\n\P.L
-c::= _._;·"'"'-: allrlicla the JJo;is.aa 2>,..UU 1-. .. lkcr
·<C-C.:"-:-·   -a-nnpq HaM, ·eau. !Jiaaberlain .•Tn<WJa 'IU had.rt
1
1
:O.cries Nasi
,.._.,_ ...
-·.

.. ega.• ••e**''"Md that • r-Mnt'7 I»'"'Md  
tBe CiDl. w.r,;.:mJd . -- ":; .. ·--·-. ' ....

oharact.rised the - pact between France and Germany .
'a!aaetul• and added ihere i.e doubt that ()u .. berlaiJl can be
called the No. 2 Fa.sciat ot Europe. llitler i.e atlll Io. 1, 'bllt Chamberlain
can eas:U7 be ranked in second place.• . -
- .
•1'be Loyallete are holdin& up eplencU,dly qainet the cc.bined ar.ies
or Hitler, llwssolini, and Prance, the report stated •.
1
HOiflmlr, they are
: ·--F\··"· ·.·'"'-badl7-1a ..t.-ppli.M, .ad . .taolll.d.-
, ; their asei.atanc..
1
•ou•nnll Be _had strong praise tor the ot
:::;:.: :the Jbrahaa Lincoln .Batta11m
1
and called several o! them by their firrl
n.aea. •Hotrner, tbe work ot the International Brigade is done,•
eaid. 'The l..o7allst 1.n1;1 is entirely Spanish, and what a
wonderful aUitary .achiBe it ie. %heir courage 1e U.Oet beyond beliet.••
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. .l letterhead ao the stationery ot the Priende ot the .lbrahaa Lincoln
Brigade liahabilitatiao Fund, Inc., 109 Borth Dearborn street, Boca 408, <ldcago
1
Illlnoi.a, listed the DUe ot Ernest as a sponsor tor this organiu-
tion. 1'1111 letter 1r&ll addressed to all •International. ,.orker
1
e Ord.r •
and request.d that the nrioua l()d&ea raise at leut $50 each. to be uaed tor
ll.oapitalisatiao ot WOUl1ded who had _retunled to the United Stat.es •
.t.erican Bllscue Ship Kiseion
· .ln article appeared in the J&n.UarT 16
1
194lieaua ot !he Ila1J.y Worker,
·crtitled Reat!:Lru Backing or Beacue Ship•. which stat.d •Ernut
noted J.aerican au.thor who COYered the war :SA Spain, tonight reat!imed
his Yi(oroua support. ot the .Aaeriaan Bllscue Ship Kission, it wu announced at
the national headquarters or the project
0
200 5th .lnnue, by Kies Helen R. Bryan,
executi-n Hc:retary. ·
ern a cable cc.llt1IIi.cation sent troa Hanna and addressed to Dr. Ecbrard
I. Baralq, :National Cb.airun ot the United .&aerican Spanish .lid Comaitt.ee, the
ec1a-fn1etrating bodT tor the lli.aai.on, Kr. Beadnpq praised the work ot Dr. Bersky
ill Spain, and apreeaed the aineere hope a •hip YOUJ.d be obt.aitied •as soon
u it u lma•n';r.pouibU_to do eo••. · ·
:
·'.:;ojJoill.,:tbe ·' Pian BMcue ·Shipc¥1ea1m llld.W •.· ... 'J:oan. .
. ·,r -.ere repotbed u h.n1n& been a&nanin. uuutrolled oreanuat10!18.
. -,: .. · ·-·: ' .
. .;. . . .ln articl.e appeared 1n tha laly 26, 19.38. issue or   Ila1l;r .. orker,
.;;. •·· ortiei&l co .. nmist Part;r which llit.ed Jlea1npq as one or the aponeon
the .Perican lieliet_ Ship tor Spain. ·
Cii:.IJQ)llAL
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Beafngwq waa li.sted in a .-orandua receiTed em A1lgll8t 27, 1942, .
tn:a a oon.fident.ial. aource aa being a national   for t.be Joint .&nt.i-Faaoi&t
liat"aiM Coaaittee. t'hie ao-aree :aade tollO!d.n& ocpment concerni.D& t.he
• - .::.._"i ·.I- ;."• • .:.;··.-;;>.
,.£"-.,,•..aa ,.., .aDd
t.be United Aurigan Sp&Diah .Ud ec.uttee -t in exeeut.in ausion and
,.-al.g ... t.ed to tba Joint .inti-.Fuciat Befu&ee Comllittee, hllreina!ter
referred to aa JAFRC. · parpoaea ot J.lFRC are reported to be. the
'retu%-nin& to the Ui:l1 tad Statu of Jaerican aember& ot the Loyalist J:nq
. ..
of Spain who lumt been in priaon or intarmaent CPps in Spain or 7rance
dnce the coneluaion of the Spanish Ci.Til war Cld to turn1sh a
for ratugees frolll the present &cmn'mlent of Spain. It aeau to han
broadened ita aiaa to inciude the of arrr of t.he countries ot
Europa which han been l7ftrrUO. b,.- t.ha lluia. · two original orgADi.sa-
ticms were d.ecidedl;r ec-.uniat.ic and nre controlled b;r ec-uni!lt& for
t.he benati t ot Coarmuni&ta, extreme radicall; and the Abraham Lincoln
It ia belieTed that t.he pre&ent or&&Disat.ion ia · ot t.he •-
nature. It ia that it ha5 approxiaatel,i fitt;r aoti.Te -bera.•
Jred.ical Baraau To .lid Spanish D.ocracj ..
. " ... >r. t 1lb'cu1ar bear1Jic 1be ·date of Jm:rru&rT, 19.37 with t.he title,· YJledicAJ.
Bureau to A.id Spaniah Deaocra.cy", and reportedly isned trom )81. :Fourth .lnnue,
Jletr York Cit;r, stated that this orr&Diu.t.ion had turnished ai&ht hospitaU,
ll.3 uurse&
1
and fifty-two Ulbul.ancea, .and that t.ht writers, artista, acreen and
atage workers had been ao&t act.iTa in neurin& aedical. aid for t.he Spanish
people, that during l9.37
1
t.he;r had contributed about $10
1
000 to t.he aedical
buraa:n. circular --.d Ernest HMinpay aa haTin& purcha5ed two aabul.ancas.
Heaingway was elso credited with the purchase ot t.heu two ubul.ancea in a !l'etr
York T:IJlea article on Januar;r l2, 19.37. 'fhia article naed Saul. Carson, the
ZXeaa.tiTe Director ot t.he 1ledical. Bureau aa ita ot intomat.ion. In a
.. · ·taJ.eua to the Kedical. llare&u ottica in lHnr Yod: Cit;r, Reminpay had raportadl;r
..... his intention of &oini to Spain soon.
-: ··. . . . . .._ .-: . -· ·-.... . . . . . --..... . . -
:.,; ...... ,.-Oil"fi7'10i 'U)'f·'tbenr ·ad 1n b,.- ..
lledical. Bureau which the ad it&ell described aa being attiliated rlt.h the
':-¥.:,'· · Iort.h .utericsn CaDit tee to aid Spani5h Damocrac;r. Reainpa;r 1raa l15ted aa
-. one of the who had al.reaay helped thea.
· llotion Picture Artiste Coall!d.ttee
.. .
The WJimrs of the Torld,• which waa publiahed b;r the .&nti-
IJui and which ha5 been de&cribed - •a ,1o-arnal. in   of .uterican
cc.+!P lutN liM:.
--· ,.··-· -· ...
·.
•! ••
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- :;, , ' m..,•-e       :.n J"ir_ UiCh t:!Jt
__ ::·;.,_ u - 11u1 !If alr.ers a .Imp   llrba 1= llpzr! all Qdl.d:ren•.
,:;-;.: 'lhb dri"A wu   bT -the !lotion l'1ature i:rt1ate Ccmmd.ttee.
Jrorth Aaerican Comlrl.ttee to Aid Spaziiah Democracy
H. L. Chd11aux
1
Director of the Rational aerieazdsa Coamiasian of
the .&aerican Legion, llhlle testif11ng the Dies Committee on August 17,
1938
1
read into the record an article llhicil ..,;>eared in the April 16, 19.38 iasue
of the De.1ly Yorlcer the lforth .&aerican Caamittee to Aid Spaniah Democracy •
. f.:i- . ''-'"   -tllb-
: .... ::...:- ..


•Foll.CIIring an appeal bT Ernest
1
Vincent Sheehan, and Lol1ia
Fischer tor lunda !or ambulance to -t eaergency oo!ldit1ona in Spain,
\
$1
1
002 -.u recei.ved by the Wa.ahiil&toa chapter o! the lCed1cel Btlre&u and
JJorth Alllerican Ccmaittee to lid Spanish n..ocraey-
1
381 Fou.rth AT8Ilue,
· Dr. Henun F. lilrlaaig, «noutin secretary ;rwsterday.
11
'1'he trca Joel Barrell, at the W&I!Jh1ngton Frienda o! Spanish
Dlaocr&C7, -ruda: •In rupoll.l!e to recent oable !rca Sheelwld
1
and liecher !or abulii.Iloea, we are wiri:ag he1"81ri.th $1,002. We underatanQ
abuhlloea will be at the !ront wi.tbin 3 days o! recei.pt ot t.be aoney in
Paris. U t:1Jiae perai.ta, the abulii.Iloe ahould be aarlced:· 'Gilt o! the
Federal e.plo;rwes o! Ya.ahi.ngton, D. c.
1
u. B. J.. • J.driae b;r wire todq
· that th1a -ne:r has been oabled abroad. • •
Spii.Iliah 1!ehgee Beller Campaign
Hemilipq Y&I!J listed ae a aponaor on a letterhead ot the Spii.Iliah
Bahgee Balle! Callpaign dated jpr1l 19, 1939.
um ted Spanish Aid Cosm1 ttee
-.
. J. o1rcular wae reporteclljr iaaued b;r the Uni.ted Spanillh J.id ec-ittee,
:ao- 554, Bradburg Building, 304 South Broa.dlra;y, LOe Angeles
1
· Calitornia, Mving
1110 date but bearing an address o! B.ooa F1ttb J.Tenue, JJ- York: City-,
ci.rcul.ar declared that the object ot the allan aentioned or&anisat1on 1r&ll
"help tree lien. o! the International Bz'iiade in French and Span1ah priacm
• :•'P hr:-tae ot 1ha Intfrraat;1maJ :vn,....._....-k.ooo at
were- allepdly- 1n French aanoentration cups •.. !b1a nroular lillted Ernest
u one . ot the o! the -..pa,iin to aiel Intematioaal Yolunteera;
-V!nted Yout.b Committee to .lid Spanish Dellooraey
. .a. report -.aa receiTed !rom a con!idential in!oraant who had COTered
a -•ting o! the tJni.\ed Youth O::llllllittee to lid Spii.Iliah Daocracy, Ml.d at the
Sbrine J.uditoriua in Los Angeles, Oil Febl"'l&l7 24, 1937. According
C.··
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co NJ I 6 Li I llf!(ft '
  · by tlrt praa:a &3d at ar&•n1•wtj!'«JB3 tJ:a&a.
·   ::too :shi.8 jnt'o • • .•
1
000 ;pat w ritenrted ••the 1lhich llad
''. · · -:1!!:>' Pnpeld ()pillll U tee • t1n& aDd.. hwW Ba ••to B ''WI'V . -
.*-M, 1111: ..mlma iiec:the !p-rlwb hpl:tst.e. . . . . ,· . . . . . . ·.
. ,":;: '· . . . . .
lrrit.ra aDd Artiste Aabul.anee Oorpa
Daily Worker or Januar;T 12, 193& .described u one
:the .of the •rit.ra aDd Artists ablll.anee Corpe which wu aa.id .to ha-n
sent .wulancu to Spain, wu credited with haTin& penon.ally purchand
the !iret t.wo ubul.anoeellhich -re sent to that country in Xq, 1937.
.. -Ooanectiarul with o-•ndn Partz ...
. ....
.l toner le:tterhead of the Deutache11 Tolbecho, which bore the dat.
or hbruaey 16
1
1939, carried. the Uti of Ernut 011e a; the
oont.ributora to this croup.
In the fall. or 1940   II nae 1JU included ill a &reup of na.ee.
of indirtctuala llb.o were aa.id to be en&a&ed in (!<nmn1et actiTUiea. 'these
inditidnus were reported to occupy posiUOQIS -.the •intellectual .tront• and
. · .
were &aid to render -ralu.ahl.e aen:ioe u propagandiata. .locording to' the ill!onaant
1
thoae whose u..es -re included 011 th1e liat lOIIned their e!!orta ·
:c- --=- wd:MJ:a i ·artieta wp.eakera and tra-reled throughout the country aupporting
and teJci.n& pert 'ill C<nnmn1et front .. etinga and ill the proii'Ut the Part;r
cenerall7. 1hey were allaged to be particularly aetiTI ill the then par..:unt
eo.nun1.at Party

a_,;r,. defeat of the preparedlleu proii'-·
- .
Hemingwa;r
1
aocordi.n& to a confidential .:urce who hruished in!oraation
.oa October 4, 1941, wa.a one of the "hew• of the for lledioal lid
· t.o the SoT.I.et 1Jn1on. 'l'h1a illto:numt alle&ed that the aboTe-sentioned
was backed b;r the ec-rmiat Pert,-.
"""':;"• --------- 7::;•;: :.· • • -• • • - ---..
Dr. Alfred I'antororlcs llated Bemnpq u a ret.n.no.;at .the tae
  be filled out hie alien regatration ,I'antororlcs il ,a 'Oomun allen and
liu been reported to be one or the chief Uaison -n bet.reen the Clenwi CoiiDiunista
ill )(erlco and the Geman C<-mn1ata ill the tJni ted states. ','-"Be was also allegedJ.¥
the founder of the of Geraan lrritera in Ex::Ue in France •
. ,
· CJ:ilf!f' '-UJtAL

)
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Ckt J [!'I 'Ph
iroup waa .orranisltd to .to•ter
1
be\ter re1ationa between
  St.at .. and Ru.aaia.
A confidential in!'omant reporld on Septeaber 23, -that Ernest
had broken all ti .. with the t'lcwwtmiB\11.
! .
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!!!!!.Jfj!;• -!!!:!:
1
                           

             
In Ja:tma.rr
1
1940, addreued letters owr h1.a Pfl"I!Onal
lignature endorsing the wolic o! the Perioen CO!Imittee !or the Protection
.o! loreign-Born and soliciting the assistance o! 'ftl'ious peraOlll. He re-
qunted that arrr contributions in the !om. o! c:hecka be made pqable to hia •
.l cont1.dent:Lal. IOIU'ce turn.ilhed a -.norandla dated October 18, l9Q.,
concerning the J.merioen CCamittee !or t.be Protection o! Foreign-Born. !hU
, .. ''" .. statee.tb&t..CIIl ltarch.2 .. -the rn'"•'«< .orpn1pt1on
· "lal4 i.te Foarth •nnneJ Con!eraee in -.ashingt;on, D. c. and di.ueminated a
I
I
·:: dr.calar 1!011Mting epollllorao to t.hiAI msora.nd-, t.be _circular
oontailled a printed picture o! the head and lett am o! the Statue ot Liberty,
and opposed •registration and !ingerprinting o! non-c:itisens•, which na re-
garded aa a dilcrimination agai.Mt the !oreign-born. 'l'bis circular waa signed
jointq b;r Ernest Helllingway and Dr. •UHn Beilaon, as eo-chairmen
tor the CCI!IIIlittee o! Sponaora •
.l lilt o! the sponeora o! the illeriean CIIDmittee !or the Protection
o! Jbreign-Born, 79 - Sth .&.wnue, Iorlc Ci'I;T, which •a dated .A.Ugllllt 1940,
contained the DUte o! a-neat Hemingway.
According to a con!ident:Lal. eource, H-.ingq;r and 0111 Dr. 1r1lli.aa
,1. Jreilaon, who were co-chainnen o! the Committee o! Sponsors !or the Fourth
.lnnual Con!erenc:e o! thil organisation, wrote to the Eltitor o! the People• a
.. .. &n alleged Caum.uniat nnepa.per at Francieoo, 1eeking !inanci.&l
.,;. · '-"· · wuppo1" the collllllittee in ita driw anti-uim bill.e then pending
in Congreu.
The Daily •orker o! Jamary 2,· l9a., etated th.at carey 1n1 11111•,
the C&li!ornia Commissioner" o! Immigretion and Hou.eing; Pro!eeeor alter
b:utenetrauch, Dean o! the School o! )(ech&nical Engineering at Columbia Uni-
"ffH''ity, and Dr. )lax -Preeident o! the Bational Jlegro Congren, bad
accepted invitations to aerve aa eo-chairm!Kl o! the l50 sponsors !or the
Bational. Con!el'Sloe o! the .AJnerican Committee £ar the Protection o!
_ ll:lreign-Born to be held ill J.tlantic Ci'I;T on V&rch 29 a:od 30, 19.;1. .Heming!ay
· -'ed ae one o! t.he spolUIOra o! the congreu. · ·
-. --· . -'
_ · · 'Yrttere eopqm · '-
. · .. : · .&. circular advertising en •.Amer1.ca.n Writer. eoogrea-a• to be held
at. C&=egie Hall, tfew Iork Ci'I;T, on June 4, 19.37, -etated that .Erneet
·:··
<--,'
- ... -_
;;.. -.· •..
;".. : .. ·.·
r.-
,.;.·
-13-.
. CuQD'PREfiTL\L
W'C. to,..be at''tld..e CWigt o •twULDL 4£. tbi.a
-,;;_ U.. -*Pi ed in 1M !ball Xq 24, 1937
1
1lh1ch an artj,a.e
.t&Uni ibat Bemiapa;r, .'llho bad ._ aontha 1.n Spain, 1IOal.d ... b h1.l
.. pnt,Ue talk·tm CCIII!i.U... .&MH t ''I a •• at,._ Jfrli.,.,
· 'c Congress ot .American Wr1ter11 on June 4, 1937, at Carnegie Hall. Other
at thU Meting, cmsr which .lrchib&ld ll&CLeiah presided, were Senator Gerald
P. WT•, Blrl Browder, Donald Ogden stu&rl and Representatin John P. Barnard •
.l contidenti&l. source commenting on tlda article tbat Hemi.ngwa;r
·clou to the CCl!!!!!!!m1st Ft.rt;r, but tbat he had no knowledge of Hemingway'•
actual MmberehJ.p in the Part;r •
.ln article in the .lrew Yoric World Telegraph of June 5, 19-U,
_ .. -. .. .. - _ BeJ4.()omlmm111t •. ltlia
... · .. ·:·--..'WI"itten b7 .. a .tal! writer ot the am .tated,
...   • Writers Cclai;resa opening tcmorror at tbe Cc*'•"""'it'W BDtel
.·. "' ,_ .. i.B part ot a COIII!!l11Ilist cultun.l front which, since ite origj,n llix 7fJ&rf1 aeo,
conlli.atentq baa !ollc.ed the political deviat1on11 ot the SoTiet Union and
the (;orrcnnnj11t PartT, a b7 tbe World Telegraph ahQired toda;r.•
This article goee on to atate that the Writers COngre1111 bad been
1111pported b;r many prarlnent iDdi vidual.11 who resigned trc& this organisatiort
when the COmmunist Fl.rtT •acrapped oollectin aecurit;r and went in tor
i.aol.ationilllll tollQ!ring the Hitler Stalin Pact.• Listed -eng the persons
11ho were no longer connected with the 'l'ritere Congreu due to its alleged
toll.olring ot the CM!Dllniat l'artT Line, wa11 the nu.e ot Haningway.
J.eague ot American ynttn
·' ,.,. ,.,._ .. · .. -on 21, 19-U, wa11 reported aa a rtce-
prellident· and member ot t.ba Eoa.rd ot Directon tba League or American
writers, Inc., which 1.s report.edl;r a C<emnn:!•t 7ront orpnaation.
i circular pu%portedl:r published bJ' the Jr&tion&l. Eoa.rd ot the
-League ot AJneriean ll'ritere, Inc., carried the name ot Erne at   u
Presi.dent ot t.l:da JJatiom.l Board. ThU circular ti.nancial aid tor
thon indirl.du•Ja who had !ought rtth the I.oyalillte in the Spanish Revolution.
and at&ted that the attempt waa being .ad.e to bring tba to 1lexico. It con-
tained the !ollQ!ring atatement concerning the alleged tor. theBe pcriiQnll
to be r11110'Yed !rom a »-ench concentration eemp. ·
-- . . . . ·-- . . . . . . . ·- - ..
_ E7_., lmger b.- arae .kcut>J
113
1
200-,mi,ch wu rai.11ed at • a1rmer Clll_:October,.l"7 ·
:1n eooperation with a OO!IImittee ot leading to
    Jlexi.OO bae been bought tor the111 exiles. But at l .. at 75
_ ,
1
. others are a-iting our help. It now costa $600.00 per ·peraon to get
· -than aa:t'el7 ottt }lrance to Iexieo. "JJ:dle tb.'lf' wdt 'in L111bon tor
.,. uL;bamA\.
·. '
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QENWL INFORJU.'ITOf!
· On one occaeion Reaingway wrote article again8t war wbicb
appeared in laquire V&gasine. 'l'h.U article •11 later incorporat.d in a
          prepared br the .Peri.oe.n Youth Congreae and ooe at lnet
•a arreet.d tor diatributing these on ll, 1935, in Seattle,
washington.
·.a.ccording to the .&pril, 1939, BQlletin ot l"il.ae tor Danocraq-
1
Eemin.ga;r 1r&ll at that t1ae a .-ber ot the .&.dviaOJ"T Boa.rd ot tM.e
.P'OIIP•
\
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Director
Federal Bureau
Washington, D.
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Dear Sir:
.:...· ...
of Investigation
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lTID STATU Otr
. June 1 H!{3
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Re: . EBNEST HEMINGWAY . . · .
'l'he Habana Communist daily • on April 25,
1943, carried an extensive attack against ERNEST HEMINGi·lAY, dis-
played under a rour-column heavy • LAST POSI-
TION OF THE TRAITOR HEMINGWAY•. { -I
This article, written by labeled
HEMINGWAY
1
s
1
For Whom the Bell Tolls
1
a;bo'ok •so"miserable, so
slanderous, that it met with excellent reception among the·
Fascists, -:the Trotskyists and the Munichists•.
condemned Hemingway es one or the •war tourists•
. , .... :.Who went .. to 8paj.n, to seek the popular and eternal Spain
- ·but to seek -eurious · •ett'.em1nate
1
queer characters•. On his
failure to find such characters in the Loyalist z.one, the article
says, he made friends with the most
1
delirius• adventurers in-
filtrated in the CNT (Confederacion_ Nacional de Trabajo) and with/'
the individualists er the of the "POUJ.l (Partido \___..
.Obrero UnUicado Marxista). · . · ':). -o2 :;._. ..
. -
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The attacks on Andre c  
tit ion ot' . . kno_1<· m .slanders who-se t be j ·
_
7
__ ,propaganda o.-:?'ice ot' .Dr. Goebbels • . _tic} .
.. _ ___ _ . . . . . . _(!-S · ·. · . · · eoritinue s with the .chai'g _ t :•
.the :race _theCJrT.
· ·uni tea States a campaign t'or the .eteril.tz .. o -..;;& e
as a means or preserving peace. -That is,-.he·.;wants to ·m
this a racial war against Germany •. He shakes Goebbels,
-- • .,_ ·who, trying to prevent the disaster of the German ·people, says
.that
1
the skin of every German 1s at stake in .this war
1
• This
.. · --idea of   ser;,ice :or Na
· -- - c::-(} . -a1nsoN iu n, 1-.2:T1lltff- ·
JU;-: 211943 v.£_.9 ,.--/DATE
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.The B.rncle ClOBee ld:th the atiJ.tement:
1
Here :1s the
,_-_ . ll tn-ate Hem.ingw.T. · 1l1It.har. of a .ala:nderola . book 11h:1ch :1e a ~
hash of others or his, this time directed against the Co=uniet
party and against the Spanish people. Here is the portrait of
the revolutionary tourist. His destiny will be the destiny of
all traitors, of all provocateurs who maneuver openly or in
cover against the Communist party the people, against
history. And against good lit
HEX:LS
tONF001\fl.L
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STATER OT AMERICA.
EE ASON _ FGT'.!
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19 43
Director, DATE OF REVIEW '() ·,••./ •,j4('.' .. _ •.. f: ....
Federal Bureau or Investigation, : , . -
Washington, D. C.
0
- .. Be; HEMINGWAY
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-.rN'l'ELLIGENCE A"'C'l..-'I""v""I""T.,..,'IE"""":S IN CUBA
Dear Sir:
As or interest to the Bureau, the followi g matters
affecting general intelligence activities are set forth.
. t J
1) Communist Attack on Ernest Hemingway ·
. ----- ....
SIS #360 has submitted memorandum concerning the .
attack in the Co=unist new spa
1
:.HQy" or April 25, 1943, 3
against Ernest Hemingway. The article is entitled, "The Last o z: ·
.,P.Q.S-1 -tion.of_ the Traitor Hemingway," and is written
    ,
1

. . --- . "V "\ H -<
_ The article attacks Hemingway on several grounds.
candems him as being one or the
11
war tourists" who
went to Spain, not to seek the popular and eternal Spain, but
to seek curious, "effeminate", queer characters. Not findint;
such characters in the Loyalist zone, they made friends with
the most "delirious" adventurers inriltrated in the CNT and
with the individualists of the Trotskyist group of the POUM. '
On Hemingway's return to America, he published a book that was
11
so miserable, so slanderous", that it met Yli th excellent recep
tion among the Fascists, the Trotskyists and the Munichists.
This was iT For Whom the Bell Tolls." "The attacks on Andre .
st be sought in .the propaganda orficeRf. .. Dr. !Mb_bels." · '--
.
·-:rrty ••• constitute a repetition of known whose origin , .. /
. . . \.',::DE:]) ' if -o!. -{_:;> /_·• -
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campaign ror the sterilization or all Ge s as ,Jn,e!ii1-?,of .pre-
v.t··serving peace. That is, he wants to inake his a !t6'1al'u.+arti 1943
Germany. He shakes hands with Goebbels, ho, trying to
l
1
; prevent the disaster of the German people, says t
11
the skin
'-' · of every German is at stake in this war.
11
This i of Hemingway's
i'{ a Trotskyist idea at the service of Nazism. · ,
t,l y . Jk.d . .t;fd.:-z-.
f 6
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oem WLiilAt
. . : The· article closes stating - "Here is the literate
·Eemingway, author oi' a elanderOUJI botlk lrhich il!   o.r
others of his, this time directed against the Comllillnist Party
and against the Spanish people. Here is the portrait of the
revolutionary tourist. His destiny will be the destiny of all
traitors, of all provocateurs who maneuver openly or in cover
against the Communist Party, the people, against history.
And against good literature.
11
The original of the above article is retained in the
files. oi' .   .since the above .aeta . .i'orth .a. complete and
adequate
2) Activities of Mr. Hemingway
Although theffimingway . ..land .. . or_gapiza tion
was shut down by the Ambassador on April 1, 1943, this office ;
continues from. time to time to receive sub- •
·mitted to Mr. Hemingway'!! e.l!sistant, Jdr., .l{u!!tav . __ .. i!! .
now employed !l,t _the .American Embassy as .a mem er of the Auxiliary
Foreign Service. These memor!l,nda .are few in number and relate to
cases which were previously under investigation. Mr. Duran has
stated that they are submitted to by the .termer operatives of
the Hemingway organization on ·a .. P.asie.: .. It is neverthe-
less known to the writer that Hemingway personally had 122 gallons
of gasoline charged to him from the Embassy's private gasoline
allotment, for the month of April 1943. When the Hemingway organ-
ization was functioning, arrangements were made that gasoline
necessary for transportation in connection with the intelligence
work would be allotted from the Embassy's private stock, which is
· ..from .and not_ to
· V the former a
. writer !'o ·, ecently' ·a·o'licited !'rom Joyce,
Second Secretary of Embassy, information concerning conditions on
the island of Martinique, with special'reference to American-French
relations in regard to the
11
blocade
11
of Martinique. She sought
this information in order to complete a book setting.!'orth results
of a cruise in Caribbean waters which.she took in the fall of 1942.
Joyce obtained the information from Mr. James Bonbright, who
is handling the French desk in.the Department of State •

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. <3) ehtlons rl th Bore au Informant!]   f ~ 4L,.
On the other hand, Mr. Hemingway entertained Secretary
ot: the Treasury Henry Morgenthau at his :finca durinr:; the visit
o:f this o:f.ficial to Habana in March o:f this year. Since that
time, correspondence has passed :from the Secretary o:f the
Treasury to Mr. Hemingway through the State Department diplomatic
pouch.
Very truly yours,
RGL:RM
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C'BJJiJ&EJ I IIAt
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NOT· USED
· ALL INFOR?.lAT!Ott CONi .\I NED.
Ur.!CLASSiriED
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nf Jun;J: G
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·.ALL 't.NFORXATION coNTAINED . NEMORANPUM FOR )(R, L.lDD r· ·:: :..:---
,... ,,--:sTFIED
. • .
•c-.;-:r..; WH:i:RE SH0\'111 I . . ... ·-
  __,..,.-· ence .lctiTitiea of -
1n Cuba ;; -     ii. . ..... __ _
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·' ·--- ·--
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' ·· · Jlr. · .. Lepl.l.tta.ehe at Ouba,
1tuOTmatiOll concerning the -1nte111r;enee aotivitiu o:t Jrnnt
1
. ua: hi• relatiou lilth the nr.. --
Classified by 5!'· .
} Pl!'' ILS on: ()ADR.
. .
1 Jrnett Remingvay hae re1Ued alllo1t continuotJJl;r 1n Ouba on
· a llliiAll country .. tah at San J'ranc_hco a. Paul.a, outoide I!aTana,
·the past tvo ;rears. In thie tt.e he completed hil late at book, a cos-
pilation o:t war 1torie1, publi•had 1n the fall of 1942, ·
. '
I!amingway k:nove Ouba vell and ha.1 liTed on the illand :tor
Tarioua periods durin& the paat 12 J'e&rl. He 11 well k:novn a• a eportl-
aan, 1n uep aea :thhing :tro111 hil crwn fishing boat and -intainin&
a pigeon •hooting range on hh ovn propert7. I!a 11 a vell k:novn figure at · 1
Jai alai u.tches and a 'b&ck-ala:ppiJ:l& frien4 of the   Jai alai plaTer••
In I!aTe.na he the noridita and l!aaque llar, ho famolU! apote vhera
prominent Cubana and J.aeriean• esther at \l!.e • • • •
' & h_ I 'J - (;-.
])aring the current period of hi'OmtlAA , , . . .. ·
&?I no contact with the J.aeriean h.bt.n;r until .J.942,'LLJte.did, ,•
i8 ;j '! cult iTate the friendahip of an .berican Coneul on • _ ;
!' . ::r. th111 date. l.n hbaes7 and friend of thia ,.to, th;e, \j
,_.,_.H..., Let;al J.tta.ehe that I!amin-.,·'• _,...,.,on a-nneared to han'..belllli':.lolae Jdna.:_'_:.::__
• t:l:;: § at an
1
in" with • at ;rtime vhen he vae onl;v .
"o6 I in COI!pletin& hi I book. In J.::942, I!amincvay   :ii!!. -. r
I\" ·"" . _· .l.merican l.mbanadcr, Kr. lpruil llraden, and Tolunteered h11 .. rTic' to'· \,.
g r..l .
• ;I; .• " .. 1a J.ntel.l 'en"" wozk.. hb.•ead.or Uq_uire4 -*». I.eca1- ache
"t --n.tM-r 'WOUd 'M 1tWrltll inTeaUp.te tbe"Wpanhn"h18:n&e with the
&id of Bpa.nilh Republiean retugen k:nC!Iin to him. !he J.abauador aaid
R;Jg.JJIEFlfN:>E that ha regarded I!amint;vay'a experience in the Spaniah CiTil War and.
hie lo%1€-tille a.eq-aaintance with Spain and the llpanilh people &a pTing
BUY him unique qualitieationa to 1nnatip.te the Spanhh J'alanr;e 1n Cuba
u•rnn which the .Ambanador rer;erded aa an imllinent danger •
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· ··"""'fte .btbaua4or
1
a 1llqUir;r -• '111' liT Xr. lo-re., Second
S.CHtar;r o! Uw Jmbua;r, with the r..pl. J.tt&eha and Mr. lo-re• W&l &4.-
Tiaed that thar1 wa1 IOM quution &I to the attiiuda of Kr.
h the :r:BI, with which orp.nilation he had requuhd to
work. !hh queation exhted, Xr. le;ree -• &4Tiled, beeauu o! Jlnint;V&;r'a
action aa a principal licner o! the 4enOUDciation o! the :r:BI in tlile
DetroU Co11l!!U%11at..Spaniah enliataent ca .. in 1940 and &lao beeauu o!
X.Jii%l&wa:r'• reaark: on aeetinc the Lep.J. J.Uach.e acme weeka :preTioul;r at
. which tiae he referred to U. DI u
1
U. J.llariiiiUL Geatape.
1
Kr. lo;ree
• · "hia attU"Iib ....
· oa1Uall7 aa poalilll.e, and Niurnad wUh the &4Tice \hat   bad
paid %10 :partieul&r to the petitiou ha, ait;ned in demnmebc
the DI and cou14 :aow h&rdl;r raaeaber what it aaid: l!emi.Agwq tol.4 Kr.
1JoTce that peo:ple are &lwa;ra ahoTinc :petitioua "IIJI.der h11 no1e and like
faaoua :people be 1a incli%1ad to lien thea on the requeot o! a friend
without full in!ormation aa h their eontenh. RemiDl:"&J' &lao dhmhaed
the re!aranee to the DI ••
1
the J.aerioan Geata:po• a a a -re Jnt.
!ha .bteriC&%1 .btbaua:d.or, unrthelna, decided l!emiDt;Va;r'•
aarTicet under hit OY%I peraonal. direotiOJJ. vi thout &%IT direct contact with the
Legal J.Uacbe. J.rrancu.enh were a&4a where b.,. eopi .. o! l!eai%1t;V&;r
1
a re:porta
would be !urniabed to the Lecal. J.ttaehe b. order that the latter ai«}tt be
&4Tilad o! daTelopmentl in inTettipUona eonduetad into the Spanhh
J'al.a%14:e bT lrne1t Reai:agwa;r.
• .... •4-"-'4 ··-
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· '!be orp.nba.tion which l!eabgwa;r ptherad !or thit work W&t coz- .· '\
poeed axolutinl;r o! IS:panhh lle:pub:).iean in CuM.. !heir iden.tit;r
-• aot dhcloaed b   1 report a "but the;r vera dul,cnated b;r a
lltlllber. !be;r crew !rom an original force o! !our !ull-t ime opere.t 1 Te 1,
&llepd h be !or.er aembore o! tile l:pa.ah.h police  
ol}1·.-·w

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.. Memora.nd.1ll! !or Xr, La44
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o! U in!o'mallta .. d of ttix hll-t±M eperdina and 20 tmdereonr
in!ormanta, The organiution vaa loeahd aot olll:r ill BAn.na but alao at
Xatansaa, and llant1a,to da Ouba, all doY!l the illa!ld, !be u-
penaea o! the org&niu.tion w•t:• paid !rolll the apecial !unda o! the
.Aaerican hban:r at the Unction o! the .bb&u&dor and caae to htal
aaarl;r a thouaand dollar• a aonth. It 11 not lr::lloWil whether the
14.ant1t:r o!   ill!ormanh vaa anr diacloHd to tlle .bariosn
hbanador but U h the belie! of the Lepl .A.ita.chl that their idlntU:r
_ bon OD.l.T.. to Bn1n,;wq. , . j ;
.- . .,. !IIIJdicwa:r elai•d·to operata the orcanhation with the cr-hn
ponible haTillt; nb-ohie!a vho contacted the actual ilrreati-
ptora and in turn reported to hiJI, t:berab;r hill !rom &ll7
contact vith the inTeotiptin work. !o preTent an;r police
action, hovenr, the. hbauador pereonall;r requuted o! G-eneral
a letter at&tiJI« that Hallincva:r vaa knovn to the .bb&uador and va.a a
peraon of hia con!idlnca, General responded With a letter !or
na.Ung that   val knolill. to hill, G-eneral and
ahould recein ITil';r conaideration, !hi• ·11 11.0t an e:raet ata.tement linea
the olll:r contact between G-eneral llenitu and hal beea thron&h
the litter !roa the .Aaerican hbaue4or llaltin& the &boTe nquut.
/ . In· 19 .. 2, enggeahd to the hba.nador that
a. llpa:aia.rd IJOPlo;red b;r the herican Gonrmtent in Vaahin&ton,
' . Di brought- to Cub& to operate hh orpnita.Uon duriJI« a. 30-dl.;r a.baeuee o!
Oll a. t;OTernaent abdon !or the J'a.Tal .A.ttache alon« the cout
. ··-·· . 01aa., , .lleaillpa.:r at&hd ib&t lie l:naY Duraa wall 4uriJI« th.e Spaniah CiTil
.. :·.- __ yao at Daran waa a corpa co-a.er tlpmdm Republican
and aucceaa!ull;r dl!ended the 't'alenci& J'ront ll«&ln•t the l'ranco
!oren until :fUrther raaiatance vaa .&a.e imponible beca'OIIe o! the
coll&p .. o! other !ronta. dlecri'bed Dara.n a• a
8
a111t&rT and
intelligence t;eniua o! the t:rpe like J:a.poleon tb&t coiiiU along once ill a
hundred ;rea.ra,• lie a&id that Dun.n. who ha4 married an ..U.erican efrlJ\
•n«land after the llpaniah va.r, spoke l'rali.Ch, G-erman, :lnt;liah and
· .QBfiFIBEi:TI/\L
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Xemorand- !or Xr. l.a44.

llunian; bot waa pure Repu'blie&ll, !lOt a and vould
t& the bottoa of the J'alaa&e ill ahort order. ltem1Jl&Wq aaid that Durazl
waa vaating hia it- ae an nrplo;rea of the o! Cultural Ralatiou
,<_i ,· . • "- _.,_.ia- ibt of ..liah. -.4 L' U be 1lrrral;ht '• Cull& t. 4.U'ea
l!e•in&VIlJ''• illhlUcence orcaniu.tton at leaat for thh lWhd period.
It waa lee.rned. 'b7 the Lap.l J.ttache thd Duran was aetuall;r an eaplo;ree o!
the OoordUa.tor of Inhr-.t.erie&n J.tfaira, tor vh1ch reaaon it vaa pointed
out 'b7 Legal. J.ttaehe to the J.ab&nador that Darall'• auipaflnt in
'connection viih 1nhll1ganca vork in Cuba mcM raiaa Juriadictional qu .. uona
in € !he J.abuaa.dor took the poaition that Dun.n vould be vorll::in&
41recU:r under the bbau7 and ill ... annt hia auic-ent waa onl;r
hii.POl'ar;r !or a period of 30 4a;rl.'\!t"' -
.C Xr. ill Cuba oarl;r ill Ionaber, 1942, and -'began
vorking rlth lteaiJI8WilJ'• ltia vork hal aot been of the aaae nnaational
character &a aa noted below, nt :h&a not bun ill VllJ'
4i!!erent or diatinct fro& the t;rpa of reporh vhich lteminpllJ' had nbmitted.
!heae reporh u Mntioned a'bon are of the t;rpe recebed b;r :Bureau J'ield.
DiTiaioaa !rom Tol=tar;r eoaplainanil, 111lapec1!1c and Uli.Tiritild
. ,_, ·'"" and ahoviJic AI inTeatipUQJl to onahlllh a l.1ne #d er \
- n.apieioua acUTiUea 'b7 the '--
· !be onl:r innovation introdUced • • an atteapted.
p.rtial oonn,c9 of public ep1n1oa b. Cull& ia relation to the var and the
UA1ted. Statea eu'bmitted ill report• entitled
1
!he Toiee of the Street.•
!beaa reporta contain q.atationa from peraona in c&taa, bar• and pool rooaa
and claia io nt out the opinion of the people rep.rdillf: dnelopmenta 1a
t;b.a var. !be;r are, helveTer, liaited to the t;rpe of 1Ad1T1dnal aet 1&
auch plaou and, in the opinion of the Lap.l J.Uaehe, do not repreunt a
fair crou aection of ceneral public opinion. Likeviae, in the extent of
their tbtu report• han not the opiniona ·of au!!icilnt
peraon• to warrant tbe ooneluaioa that tbt;r reneot the of eTen
:' "": ·, .i*D*Z&l·cl&al td O.U.Z.:indi'rl«vl 1. -
. .. ' .
!be J.aerican J.a'baaaador, howenr, baa b .. n h1£hl::r iapraand vith
thil i;rpe of iin!or"lllation &ad on hh retura froa a irip to 1a
llecea'ber, 19-4.2, rnarll::ed that the reporta vere nr;:r vell thought of in
the :Departaent of ltata.
J.lthougb. • .. :n-icn vere enpged to the
llpaniah J'alance in Cuba, he aoon 'branched out to conr the entire field
of· ,1ntell1ceaee.
J.tter raadillf; u article 1a tba Iev York !ime• about a aev t;rpe
of aul:rm&rine und b;r the Gel'III&Zla, !:ea1J18Wa;r inatituted an
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Xemorandum !or Kr, Lad4
BEn l
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oa.., · • 1 tw· -a 1aft 1r1tll. tina -
tan come to the after •ontlta r4 von: Where ve an abcrato to crack
tu auhmarine re!uallinc probl••· • 8horll7 ai'hrvw.rda, hie innatiption
-• referred to the "Legal J.tta.che .b]- the hba117 and a checlt vaa Wl!.e on
the auppl7 and diatri'ouUon o! and tuka throuor;hout Cuba
with the rnu1t .that the aw.il&ble were vell-aecounted !or.
!he ••Tal Attache alao participe.hd ihia inntiUp.Uon, •othinc
:turthar -• heard fl'Oil Hemint;w&T about the nbJeot,
. 1 iln'u*' pUou kp.n io .:a- a -.rlte4 ll.oaUliiT
'O't'!lcl Poll.,. -an a tot» l'lll.
· · ., About a Yaek 'before the "f'iaU o! Preaicl.nt llatiata to
:s:..illt;Ya,- aent in a report, pruUII&bl7 prepared b7 hii, allet;int; prepar.-
\iona b7 Geura1 :Benitn to aeise power in Cuba and ulce haul! Pr .. id111.t
4urint; ktiata
1
a a'baence fro• the coO.ntq, !hia reporl atahd
llenitn had no auch ideu until hie ovn trip to Waahint;ton "which Dad been
eo .ucceu!ul,
1
!be report allece! that :Benites wa.a tr&inint; a larce
aq_uad.ru o! .ator QTCll police o!!icera vith pe.trol care and that the
police force vu beiD« trained 4&117 Vith rifiu aa a. Iilit&rT 11.1lit,
!he report a&i4 that U vat llenitn
1
1 "plan to take Cuba while Bat ilia and
the ..Lmerican hbauador, the two atrongeat indiTUtl&la in Cuba, ware abHl!.t
and that an innwUpUon ahould be COIUIOilced at 011.01 to 11.nconr the
preparation• o! llenites ill. aecurint; !ire arma and • protection ahielda
!or the IOtor QTcle and aquad. care,
' llr, .-. IApl. Att.._ ·ct.1:k --this
!he Lepl Attache pointed out that no .uoh :Preparation• aa X.minpa,-
allat;ed were oburnd b7 J'l!I J.cenil worll:1ng in d&i17 contact at Polio•
beadq:aarhra and that the trainiD« o! the Cuban Police force Vith rifiea
11 a pract'ice vhich h&a cone on !or 7'&rl in&IIIU.Oh aa the Ouba1 ••Uoul.
Police h an integral pari of the Cuban J..rJq, !he o!
police coopere.t1o11. thia t;ype o! report -• alao pointed out to Xr.
J07ce i-nruch aa, according to a vell known -x1.m
1
thera are no aeerata
in Ouba,
1
'
In 1ihe can o! Prince Oaailo :l:upoli, Halian J'aacid leader
interned b7 the O'll])an authoriUee but confined. h a clinic becauae o!
··- .. .,._ .• ,...,..,.: .. .ill.J:I&aa, .R•wlnpa:r reported that ll.ulpoli had paid e!! the Cuba& Clhie! r4
: ,e.-ra1 lltni'Un, &lid -• not T'&UlT ill, and inferred 1illat tbl
Lep.l Attache had accepted the word. o! the police •• to· the t:U&rding of
Jluepol1 at; the ·clinic vithout &nJ" _1nnaH,v.tion. Kr. J07ce,
l!emillt;Ya,- vaa nqueate! 'b:r the Legal Attache to aecure 4etaila a• to the
actual atate o! health o! Ruapol1. J[e proaiaed to do eo throuD> an under-
caTer ope ratiTe emplo;red &B a male nurea at the parUc:ulsr ·clinic where
vas confined. ll:othint; further vaa heard !rOlll lle•1nc<ay about
thia ph&ae o! the inTeatigation.
  j·,: Q q F !.' T I l
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·-·• 'DC"WJ'• Ul-o!ia,;ulnd 'bortilit7 1;o tlW DI 'Mca.e aore
oTidont h lebruar,-, 19-43 wlwn the Aabenador recoind charg .. that
Special wblii.U&h, Jut to the m.bu17 &I J.nilbnt LecaJ.
J.ttacbe, wat a participant of the J'ranco aoT ... ni 1a Spain and ha4
acted u a paid J'ranco !he Aab&nador 4eel1ud to die-
ole .. the aource of theae cbarpt when ihe7 were pro.rptl.T cballent;ed
and proof deu.nded '117 i e Lepl J.itacu. !he laihr learued, hove-nr,
:poeii1Tel.T _that the c gea were pnn to the AabJ,el&dor liT :lrn11i
aacart hoa a reliable and
. ·:-:·-=nndent1al •ba•l7· ne cbarpa centered about a
< ·,:-:llook YriUen '117 Jpee hobla \
11
Corroapclldeni in 8pain
1
1:1p0a
Jtia ret= froa ue1i;DM1lt &a J.uochi d Pren correllp0114.ent in Madrid
· u 1938. lleaiJlPay DIY Special XnoblallCt at that Ume and "lll
aoet frieJUI.l;r YUh hia, lle had -i in JraTana im>ed1atel;r after
Special Xnobl&U&h'• arr1Tal. J.ltho'Q&h oahnaibl.T frhndl;r,
Remint;Ya;r aa4• ao raan to Special J.cent XaoblauD>. eonoen.Uc hit book
or to the Lege.]. J.ttaebe lra.t took hil COIIIJ>l&int d1reotl;r h. the J.&b&n&dor.
!he latter &dllitted that he had read only the firat fert:r PG«fl ef the
llook and after originall.T requeatint; the L•cal J.itaehl to han Mr •
Xnoblaueh transferred h 11011>1 other podtlon vbere the Spaniah 7&1&%1€8
&I not the acute problea vh1oh the Aabauador 'bel1ned 1i io 'be ill Cube,
be J.mbaaaador diaaiaaed the tubJeci u
1
not &I lii!J>ortant u lw bad
. ricinall7 thought.
1
) .
I:a. peraonal relat1 on a hat a&intained a aurfaee ahov
fr1endeh1p and intereat Yith reprnenta.tina of ibl r:BI.   \
tiahHnh he hat made to reliable contaoh ot Le"'-1 J.itache, hoveTer,
U J.a, knovn that Romint;Y&T and h11 l?tiran. ll!t.n a lov
11he• for the vork of 7.81 which tbly conHfu io bo -thodical, /
m1p•ginatin and '117 peraona ot eompara.tin ;routh without
uperience in foroip ceuntrill and knovl•dct of inhrna.tional U.iri.,uo
and pol1t1c1. :loth :&:eaint;Y&;r and Duren, it 11 &leo known, ban pereoli.al
honil1t;r to the 7.BI o:n an bub, eapeciall;r ReJ>int;Y&y, u
he -conlidera the 7.BI Uti-Liberal, pro-J'aecht and dant;eroua &I donloP-
inc into aa J.merican Geatapc.
Jle•in&Ya:r'• o:pilliona coincide Yith ihoH of 110 ..
.· .. ,,_,. Cowmnnhta u thla rep.r4, he hat repeate41T aaaerbd that lla 1•
.,,.-; ,."::.,·C unin aM. thai a,.,. ae Jmch·o:ppoNd <Nzwwrht h
Spa:nhh war u be wae to tho 7&aollat
·. ·: '· ···,,. . :·· -:. ' :, : : :.:
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Kemorand- Mr. Ladd
8

. .
·. _r-:-;.-: .. • .L and•mrtac "to • al a a.. ! oosc:a: wa · 1--t+w upc::at-.4
177 a iae vhell .Aaban&dor vaa l1aco=qinc and r .. tr1ot1Dt;
the nployment paj.cl. bT the att&ehea o:C the •ba•IIT•
.;">,.
".'.;.
...
WhUe inTeatip.tion
the .i.mbaae&dor haa requate -Mr, .tAYO continue to turn in
i
reporta on public epillion 1n b& aa prertoua 7 1Uldertaken bT hU in
'
1
1'he To ice the Ureet.
1
.Aabau&dor -.de thil requeat of Kr,
:Duru beeauu he that theaJ report• ciTe hU !111
1
inaide pietUH
1
what people an thlnltill41; Ul Cw.ba Yhich u did not cet in ail¥ other Y&Tt
to .....,nr;t'-·u ilmanador waa
in!oraed at the of li&te that tu .. report• are reoeiTed. Yith
creat intereat &a! thi8 reaion he i1 cl.eeireua o:C cont1nu1Ac to
thea to Waehington, J. ;two or three 8panieh will continue
to r;e.ther thia aa.terial Kr·. ·»uran vith u:penau uti.Aated at llO 110re
than $200,00 per aonth. Kr, Duran 11 nov •liiPlo;red at the .Aaeriean •b&n;r
at HaT&n& on a penaanent \ali•· lu a -mber the J.uxili&ry 7ore1r;n
S.nice, 1111 tiM b dnohd t;'o &D&lyi1Dt; politie&l eollllllenta and artiel ..
in the Oub&n pre .. &nd auiatilit; the .Aabaaa&dor 1n the prep&r&iion of
epeechea to 'be delinred 1n
I
Ler;&l. J.ttaohe •ntioned to the .berican .bbau&dor that
J'BI repreaentat1Tea are prepared to pther and eubmU report• OJ:. public
opinion. !he .Aa'bauador hae ehovn ao d.eaire to hlce &dT&nt&€8 the
inTeaUptin .. rTioe o! J'.BI in thb !1814, !he Ler;&l .A.-Hache at
HaT&n& atahe that the J.aban&dor hae &lY&Te rer;arded. the
J,_ ' .• -.Drpniutica u • -pet proj9e't o! hie OYn .and in oontinn1-.g a Jli.JLor pbaee
of 1h work the .bb&u&dor hu- ctnn the Ler;&l. J.tt&che the 1mpren1on
that u h Urlllinc, not •r•+:r !or • aU:e but hi a own, to
orcl.lr a compleh diuol11tioa lieaincv&T'• orp.nbation. Hemino:v!Q', ··
hovenr, 1a aot directly operatinr;
1
fhe Toice reet
1
1nnatigat1ona
but hae turned them entirely  
',    
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Keaor..w- for llr. La44
.. .;. 9
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'lJ.f:'II&T .ad.e 1:hh clear h reprd io 1:he til.Jl J>rod.ueHon
of hil book or Whoc the :Bell !rolll.
1
X. aold the aoTie to the
-_oolt aore tvo J"O&r• &£0; the J>icture vaa fil.Jlad. and hat 1:hroU&h
.. nral e41t1D& J)roeeaaea and accord.1Jil: to • l.a.hat information,
a final rerltiOJI. of the picture and rnhcotiD& of teenea h&a re-
sulted b. the remoTa! of &11 of vhat he conaidert 1:he rlt&l parte of 1:he
1t017 rel.a.tin« to the !Jianilh CiTil War and. redueld. U to vhat :ae hrat
a Mre tGrauatark roaanee.
1
Keminpq hat anerted th&t he
will toon «a to lloll7'food to find. out vhc 1a reapontible for thh treat-
-nt of hit book and vhen he find.• out he vlll uke an incident of H
vhieh vlll cau .. the J>eraona r•IJ>onlible io recret harln« OTer inter-
tent vith the ato17 itaelf.   belieTet that innueneea vhieh
he term•
1
l'aleilt
1
naael.7 the Tatiean and lome eluenh h the United
na1: .. Dape.rben1: of hate han bun 1101t innuenti&l h hlc1Jl€ 1:he heth
out of hit thl"T•
lltlll Fl 0 1/1
CONFi
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Kfiiii,Orand:am Kr. La4d.
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- ·. -r -• 'Me_, ..,.,_ 418&1 P'}tUcal. b:f'11.m:. -a 'o14 -.n .beittant
L1pl J.tt&obe tbat the Dl bad lleUtr pt alont: vHh hia 'becauu ba
oarrled a lot veipt h Yaah111f:ton. !be principal poli t teal innuane•
llemin,!;VIQ' known to the Lepl J.ttaehe 11 that Reaiz>«va;r' 1 vife, the
Martha il a pertonal and littr&J'T Mre.
:B.oounH and. b&a a 1ta.ndint: inTitaUon to ata;y at the Yhite Rouea 'When
in Yaahington.
. 11 p.therint: -terial tor a 'book at the prnent U.11e •
. .t.UholJ&h .h.U J.ahll tceno- .actiTiUn lla..-. ude4. hi u .u .a •eial COlll-
cfident1a1 tor tlle IaTal J.ttaehe eha.liD<?: tubmarboea tJ:. .
,,. ,.., .. ·ORban ·coaat and. ketll'iD« a oare!ul obaer-rance on the :acrreunt• ot
lpan.iah at-ra vhieh ooeaa1onall,- come to Cuba. !hit naTal patrol von:
ot Mr. 11 by h1• and the
!he Lep.l J.ttaehe at R&Ta.na e:z:prenn hie belie! that Remin&W&Jr
h :tnnd.,..ntall,- hoet1le to the :r:BI and •igM readil,- endeaTor at any time
to eauu trouble tor ua. :kcauae hi• peculiar nature, it i• the
of the Le&al J.ttaehe that llem111f:Yq would co to ,;nat leD«ih• to e11.barr&u
the llure&u 1! an incident 1hould ariu. In Tiev h11 presti«t aa a
lihrar,- man, aeoephd by larce •eotione o! public opinion in
•ot related to vrit1D<?:, it i8 the reoommend&tion o! the Legs.l J.ttaehe at
li&Ta.na that creat diloretion be enreieed in &Toidinc an incident v1 th
:Jrneat •
/
"
Addendumr 6-21-43--I do concur conclusion
reached in memorandum. The Bureau has by careful
-· and from "time 'to j;t111.e disproved P,   cally all of
!
. ' :.-t.he- -MJ:-calle-d t11,{11r&a'tbn •. _I do =• ..lllh.a.'t li, .&on'ta.c'ts are or,,
'll>hll-t 1l1e- 1a - T·eee 110 reall!rll lll'llll' · ehould -• e- an11 effor-t -to ·
_.,,..,, avoid e:rpasing ht111 for 'the phonev he fa. I don
1
't 'thfnt" we should go ·
out' of our way "to do 'this but' aos't ff fn pro'tec'tion of "the
.-.. Bureau's interest' it ts necessarv meet h !111 head-an, I 'th fnlr zoe
should try to avafd such issue. I am also !n strong disagreement the
contained in the last paragraph on page 8 of this memorandum.
our has d-tsproved all of Hem!ngzoay'e alleged I see
Y}.;.;'! no reason why, if and when we are aslred by persons entitled "to a franlr answer,
zoe should fail "to so I thtnlr is "the
• posi "tha"t we_ should n. ot s_ pealr disparagingly of "be causa f1
11 tght be of some . .v.;.+ue   t,he·future"., premt s baelca.l. Y •,
. _. l.AI,I IBLttllKL   cum 11'6 L\,(]
.
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·.< ., ; ror llr. Ladd -· pa::-a 2
·. .... · .
. bho.!>sador pnxfuo. t.be &llepUOO. ··., .. · .. -,··.:· .
.' ·• ·. lnobl.auch 111 a Palanght; tlte, Aab&aila'dor ·;.
,. ,. topther. with lnoblau,;. poill\e4 to the ,bbouaador 'intoraa.tion 11bi.eh YOD.l.t. _:{ .·
·· - to· ttoapletely aplode ,atri • ioo:t.a' ei"!ect.' boblaulh. b · · ·
· !'his caul'ed lD .., 'far h18 !ea.l.inp ntii a.re ecinoerned,
·to iCZlediately with r.prd to that 'be rM>ond 1'rom
, .. ,. . . ·:·<', ' .. : · : :,· ,. : ·:; ·iA:: ":··· ;,· :_   ·... ) . "· . .: ·
. . .. tith regard to Oolltained in the l&at ...
. ,.:. ·'" OD 8
1
1\ is bellliTlld 'tb&\ this b .#:Wilbat wnf';,rtanate 1n
{;;"''1:-i;:!.,. .. setting out '<hat llr. LecldJ' 'aot1ally had .in alDd. · It 1a kno"l\ to wrl t.t-
. .: ; · that Leddy hu upon hh . 14.1 t1a. u ..... wbenner. _, ,., 1.1pon to dct ao b)- . . .
· { :. -. 11M b,' Jeyce, acl-dM!! .U..M tbd the inf'OT"Wation ''>
: :· .• · !tirr!ish6d by &ad lAtt.r'a:or&&DJ.aUoo -• CtaDplet.ly unfound.cl •. ·_.. ·
• : .
3
.' . w,Ubstantia.ted in rntj' aizl(le inst&nee. Le4dy; of ..,...r.e, .aeoo.pl1shec1 .
. = ........ this b)- t'l.lruishiri& :tbe .... ult. .ar hia, t..dd7'•· oMak ... \o the ftJ'Orta ar ... . , .. :- .
. s-1ng..r..y •.. I a quite IIUre tbllt what be inteo.d-.1 \o expreu itt tlie =f'ort=a.tely
· :-.?.worded pan.gno.ph 'ti t.h&t' he cSc>ee aot tMl tbd. intor-t.iaD !'urniiob.d by. hai:lray·
· · : · should b.. i!Vlored and disregarded as haTing eo.,. !rca unrelbble aoorces eerely
b"ca.ucrc :ruch infonaetion has in tbe past pro-red tineubatanUated. It. is 'beli..,.ad
. . .thnt he 1ll a.bo •..:dn.& to point put "'hAt b true *itb ;-eprd to ally int'orm=ta,
-,, ·prote .. 1n chll.ractefo, .-17. that t.hitM in41Tich:l&l.• turni.tl inforut1011 _, ·.: ·
': 1D 1110ch a •Y and 1n auob al.l-inelua1Te n ,tare 'rltb Nifird \o oonjeoture, ·< ·
.. {':;·:proba.bilttiea, &Dd tbd i.t \o det'initel,- :
.. fl+..ablbh' that 'no 'truth mat.eo.Yer ill eontetn.a b \be alleptiotiJ! aDI2 'info ...... t.ioo .
: /· ... tura.iehed. It ia believed t:futt ltr. l.e<S47 .rlll a.gne with th• Bur.ia.tt it' inquiry , , ·
· ;.: '>'-' · .·ehould be -d• ·by por8ons tC )mo-. the truth, be. :ntj>ond by furn!ahiu&' : · '
· .•· the en. ct. :t'Aet. in. :t'ar as int'nnu.tion furniehed to tbe ofrioe <?f' the lAga.l ·
.. . .lttaehe by 1a c=ce=ed, tha.t is tbat the 1nl'o:r--..at1on bas been 1n no
. · ·. :'fty nrifieod or b)-   \)., ·
·. Jleepeetrully,
·. ,•
. .., . •'.
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_ ....
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Duran,. on. \hla Obedientl7 t'ol101red the party
. Call,.. deHrting hia aaaigned poat and leading ·.tho torce8 under him
•:
·. .f .";- :f ·.}:· J. · a.· _
, ·:;_: ·:_- British deatro,.-er.:. · B,- colncddence,. on the. aame boat OQJ.ond
  . .:Caaado• ;tlbom ha bad .1'o-ug1U 1a Kadrld. •.lo W.ll known,_ ..
eiDlt,- -f;beae ko tha.t were kept "parat.d and.·
:-. -lmder wateh during the trip to Prance lest the7 atage an incident
. on board ahip. Prom France 1a was able, by virtue ot having a
· · Borth JJ:oorican nto,. to go to England and thence to tM United
States and Cuba, where he ia now atation.ed.
· 'fhe statements ot persona who .kneY h1m well in Spain
and who tought with him are 1man111!0u. 1n that Puran is a product
ot th& c_ommun1st achool, and tollowa the code -- •the end
. 1
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•. ·•.

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. . .... .: :. . ·:. : . ...} • ··.,... .... .. ·,' .. :..: • ·-·· "'- ')" !: t: ,_.. \;;"' .;_..; *-::- "r=· ·:..: ;._.. . .·.J • :. ••• ,: - • •• • • .:
__ : .. .· ..
,. ''. :_ ' , .. ··• Itt ordeJ:o 1;0 ohaok On 'the ·-a.ocura.cy or. the .' . •"
ataternents, 'interview wail ··had with Ouata.vo Duran by · · ·
,. SIS 1498 on .Tu1y .SOt. 1943
1
lritbout or oourse disoloBing in any ·
way th& purpose or the conversation. COlllpat.e m.emorapdum · .
aubml tted by SIS ,.ga 1a aet out u .tollon: . . .. . . { . . · . .
..
5
= .•.
· >·'· Bpimrarda embraced the ca.uu, stated that the Part.,- ·
· .;-: .J.n 1a reputed to .have had 'meii.bera 1n Sprln, al.though ·
.. :· . doubted 11hat JRore hall' Dl,lmber -lfere 1!/.otually regill-. c ':·
; •·.< tered members, the ·o.tlar .hal.!. being IQ'l!IPathlzera •. Be
· · · .... CJlPhaaiud the t'aet that a great rr.s..ey 'ardent Republican Spaniards
. · · ·.'Who believed in Spain embraced the Cmmnwiat cause the
:;. · Runiana were the only emU t'urniabfng ai.d to the Republican t'oreee.
· He pointed out that although the did not' aay ao in ao many \1
·, it WB.I! apparent that they wanted Comrrrunist Party .zaembera to
c '' --- pilot their pl.an.ea and. to hsndl e .the lllB.teria.J.fl .t'urn.1shed.. ..
. · ''' : ..: .· Ruaaian officers were, o.t eourae!.lSJlrinkled ·thro out the Repub-·
· :: ·_- ·: llean to -e that this poll.cy WB.I! carried out. :
. : .· ·_, .lllliilY' Republics.na Joined .the Coammiat in order to ·beet .· ',or ,, ..
r:- .· .. • }· f·•:;::·A, i: ·
. '. :· . : . ·." •·-'.·... . Be observed that had the ''1'&1!ciata . t'or example, t'urniahed
· .··. . planes, munitions, and other war equipment £o the Republican .forces,
..... · ... these 11a:me Spaniards m the' interest ot' cause for which they .
· were .tighting would have becOI!l& Puci.Bta under the circUII1Btance •
. :, · .However, as the war went on, Republican :torces t'o1llld that the equip-
.•. · ·ment t'urnished b7 Ruaais.na was obsolete, outmoded, and almost
. 1Irrar1Bbl7 old. As an example, he mentioned. rield artillery equip-
... ; · JDent :t'urniabed by the RwssiB.IUJ which M ldenttlied as having been
:: · .. ;-;.:· :• uaed by.th.e Rusaiana the war in 1gos. ..ls a
: :"· · result .or thla h&l!'-hearted aupPQr't bi the lllalrf of the
ao-caJ.l6d Comnnmiata lost lritereat and •nthua1aam .tor the· cause.
: ?;7-::·. .Re ilio :POf,ttted wt 'that rollowillg the Alet'eat. treat. sany. t'o=.er
. -.'.':.,, • dropped Jllllm.ber-ahip . .nd .. arrille.tion with tho ··.: ·
.. .-Jnn•rise, he U!phsaiMd that w.an;r .Spanish 4om!lunit!ta ': ..
. : .Joined the party aimply aa a matter or expediency in order to beat
utilize the aid :turnlahed by the Ruasiana.
Duran stated that he was in Ks.drid in June 1938,
at which ti.ma he r-eceived hie a.ssignment to the Valencia. aector,
where he ws.s in eom:nand until the end or the war, never having
returped to Ka.drid. He mentioned that Il.AJA wa.a in chare;e of the ')
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. ... . : .. . .l'al.J.o1ri.Ilg an unsueceasrui . o.t.rwlve at !eruel made b7
·· .... · ·-· lturan# bis torees retired to ·valencia.-· and ·operations
··,. ·· .. were rather quiet b-am then until April P.e. at which tima
· . · -- .he receiTed. orders to cease f'1r1ng. On the tQllowing day• he
.z-eeeiTed orders to prooee4 to a camp w! th his · .
-. · but th87 were stopped a abort d,!atance and .
.. .to return the cit,-. · lle pointed that the Pranco·
. ..

.government had made .no proV1a1ana or plana whatsoever f'or prison
eamps
1
and guard..a were there!'ore placed around the city ot .Val.ene1a
· · IIDd tne Republlom1 troops were to .,_Ye h-eel7 within the
o1t;r.
· · Prior to the surrender o.r Vadrid Duran had been
Oontacted by S'l'UART American C<?rurui. md Col.· ·, · · ., ;.. .
. . . .American M1lltBr7 as well u a Jrr. BALLAlrrnm, Britiah
· ... · Vice Conaul. and 1;be Br1t1ah !hese men had
., .... :·· contacted him .ror mill tal7 1nt'onut1on., and he had beeome part leu-
...... -·   '<. nth _Bal.l.ant,.ne • . l'ollo:wing the Puran .
. _ .. . · · requested Warner to give him u,-lua 1n the American Embnsay . ... :
:.:;_i .. . . Warner pointed out that the American soYernment had not recognized
. -.. the right or u,-lUZ!1, and thererore hie request could not be granted.
.. Duran al.so requel!ted that he be permitted to liTe 1n his, Warner's,
.   •  

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.   . · · Valencia, wb.1ch 'be did.- Be t'ound th1e 1nd1v1dual to be an old trien
_. · ot' hia t'amil7. He ordered Duran 1D a pr1Tate home awa1 ting
··_,· .. . . dec1•1on a.e -what . aetlCJ!l U any -would ·be taken against him.
: \ · ·_ : ..: .. : there. he wrote to Warner b.1Jil .to telephone Ballantyne . .
< .,. :·· · -< at the British:. Bmhe:as,-. which .,.a 4o.ne. ·
.. cl•ndest1n•l7• and adv.i.aed h1m that ;& was leaving
a·   .the· port that aame n!gbt;, 8Dd he would endeayor to
.. pt him on 1t. . oonsiderable man.UTerin&, J)uran was . taken in
an Embass:r car to the British Brnbass,-. and eubaequentl,- without
or documents. po!!ed as a British and .ueceeded 1n
£etting On board the Teasel. Ballantyne also rurniahed him funds •
4fhe destroyer left Val.enc1a. and Duran we later trnns.rerred to t he
British hospital ship •xa1ne•, 11hlch took him to Marseille s. France.
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··: · _JProm llar!iell1e!i, he took a through train to D1eppe on the. chsnne1 •
• :-;-o. J'ram Dappe ba crou.ed to London• and tbare .._. bT Jl , .
.. :·

.
·:,-·- -:.'.·; . ;··He u "t'ery gratetul.l'or.the aid .g1T&n himbj -·
Brlti.ah 1n Va1enc1a, be bellevo!J aaved_hia J.lle ,Qr .at l.eaat .
pr1aon. : u.· : • · . _· ·
·· · l>ur1n8 the OOUI'ae hia conversation, he XII8Ilt1oned .
. that he had never to the tlmted State!! prior to hia marriage ..
. ·· to hi• American wife. lie a.1ao JD8ntloned that hA atudled literature,·
..: ···.-. -and art :in Jla4r1d and }'arj.a• .a1though ... 1mehJ• to .t1nhh .
·: : thea• _ a o,r tJ:te_ _ L{ ::. :, . · --.. , ·
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2) Guatavo Dtlran
1
was once
1n Hollywood • to hi• ' '
. ' own statement, be waa never 1n the 'Un1ted States prior to !
.£ i' .. o. ,/'" '<.''' .·. , ,,;,
:: tobe aurrender or .t.bit oltT to .Prlmco. '
. to hia 9WJ1 ats.tementt be to Jladr1d ; ----.
•i"+a-.. ,Tune 1938
0
.. n6 •ta temen . or Pur an' that- he WB.II unaware ..
ot arrr Tiol.ence between the two taction!! at Jladrid a:ppes.ra
lnconailltent with widespread 1ntorma.t1on. printed· in the
presa or the world at that time disorders in Jladrid
over the Comnnmiat refusal to join with other B:panillh Republ1.cs.n
elements 1n the .t'inal IJW'l'ender or the cit,-.
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.. '; etc. Durtul.haa · fihat be hia lrl.!'e, liho ia .: ... · , .
. -:. :' American. i.n Engl arv:l a!'tor arr1 val. tb.ecre .trom France 1n .. . - .·
· · ··1.939. In t;hta. detail.' tba origlna,J. appears
5)
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c) 'l'hrough a check or period.icaJ..a. and
publlcationa i.n Loyal.iat between July and
···. '· -'Pril In the event that ;Gu.etavo Duran Ti8.!1 as ..
.. :· ... ·ln C<wummiBt Party a!'!'atra &.s 1a reported, .1 t .1a
.. ,.·- · .. - __ ... ·· ahoost certain that there w1.l.l. ;l;Ht a documentary record -;· ... ·
_or hi.ti o.r· .• uch publl<iatiana •. <·;'' .
.   auch !'l.lea may oxlat; 1t 1a, ·':,'.'·
: . : <f·-. ;:.; · .. poaaibl.e that • .aa Library o.t · .. · .·: · _·.·
... 'the or the ·.warkerli t Ull.1ve:r!dty at .;· :,:· :.,--: .
.   llexi.oo City/ th& .rob.lvea. ot- ·the 5-·-York:. !Daily -Worker",.
·: ,. or the offices of •uch Spanish Republican orgo.nizations
· · .. · : .. · · as the ·JARE (Junta de Auxilio a 1os Bet'ugiados Espa.f1olcs)
' .
in Mexico City, may have_ tiles ot such
d) Check could be made o£ the records of MID, War Department,
.tor rmy int'ormation on reported by Stephen A.
Fuqua, then Military Attache at Madrid.
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'' t;• coNriotflAL c!fl1FiflEIH!At'
OFFICE OF THE LEGAL. ATTACHE
. - . . ro;m
. -·n;r, tNFURilAnOI' COFl"
. m;m;IN IS UNCLASSIFIED
. -· - UCE?T riP£RE SHDWli
_- () TllERWlsE _,.,--.
Director,
Federal Bureau
IZashi:g.gton, D.
. .
or InvestiG7t n, .
c. . .
. . .
Rt:_: . _ ERNEST :ti:EMrNG\'1 AY
IMl!A "5'5Y OF TH
UNITE:D STATES OF AMERICA

August 13, 1943
Dear Sir: ./
1
k' J/
t ltt-ft 1/ . .
· SIS #357 aci\>+tes that Mr. Hemint;way, oifihose
intelligence activities-under __
1
Braden_
the Bureau has been previously a:dvise-cr, is curre tly
engaged in writing a book based on his ezperiences in
that work. Hemint;way states that all or the people
whom he has known during the last year in Cuba in con-
nection with·intelligence work will appear in his book,
illcluding Ambassador Braden. We are not yet informed
as to what role the representatives of the FBI will
play, but in view of Hemint;way
1
s known sentiments, will
probably be portrayed as the dull, heavy-rooted,
unimaginative professional policeman type
.; :
DETAILS
Recently, ·Ernest Hemin a advised a Bureau undercover re resenta-
tive in Cuba concern • c He a eurren writin . ba_ed
on s experiences in intelligence activities under the American Ambassador.
Hemingway- stated the:t all o£ the people whom he has dealt nth during the
paBt year in Cuba in intelligence wUl. be JD&ntioned in the book,
including- Alllbassador Braden. In this connection the Bureau legal attache
at Havana states that no information.has been received as to what extent
I"Jli representatives rtll be mentioned in tlie book. { c.4  
However, Hemingway's attitude· toward the FBI is already known,
as indicated by Hemingway's action in signing a petition castigating the
Bureau in connection nth the Detroit Spanish E!llistment Case in
and 1110re ind.ice.ted in Hemingway-'s remark that the FBI i.e •the
bterioan Gestapo•.
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J.CTION
No action ie recommended in thia matter at the preeent time,
and the aboTe ia being eet aa.t ·to mpplement preT-·
·1ouol;r called to yaa.r attention J:rneet
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jOhN EDGAR HOOVER
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DETATIS
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- . . ·:. rp.JlSONAL HISTORY CONCERNWG GUSTAVO . I <fl
<)') - RECORDED
Information & _) ' .. -::-.. .. · ·

  .f{!J
· 0 ...Emer.gency Gustavo Duran was born on Novem · , .
-;., c in Barcelona, Spain. Duran ..as brought up and educated in Madrid, .. :
.c .
0
the Canary Islands'. He piano at the Conservatory of Madrid, and ·com-
Jl €,...posed a ballet fo_r orchestra to be performed by the dancer Madam Argentina,
!§ llhich was performed tliioughout.. Europe in 1927. .From 1929 to 1934, Duran liVEd . \1,
lii:v...;.inJ'ariB where .he .turt.hered ·hfe l!!l.Sical atudies and.·devot.ed himself ·to com.,OOit.io ·
0   of. !llllBical works. In 1934, Duran began employment with Fono Espana ·
·· Incorporat.ed,as an adviser for the Latin American productions of that company. \)
to 1937, Duran a•s Mtatea he Constitutional Government
of Spain, and after enlisting as a· ·private in the Republican Army wc.s·
eventually promoted to corrL'!land of the Twentieth Army Corps, where he
served in the Spanish Civil Duran escaped from Spain following a
victory of the Franco i'orces, and resided in klgland from to
  May 1940, (<ring which time he hie lll1lBical studies.
7
t.: (/ f. COPIES DESTROYED l- ... :,
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2 OCT 141943 orr 9os 2 1961 _ ... , ... .... ,· .• -
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CD Dec:ember 4, 1939, a1; Totne, England, :furail :ma±rlad Bmrte 'RomiUy·
-Cro!:Ipt<m, an .J.x.teri can d:ti.zen. .
·United
of the
Qustavo Duran departed from Liverpool, England, and entered the
States at New York City on May 28, 1940, He became a naturalized citizen
United States on November 3, 1942. (
1
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' 1 7 - ;;;.. 9 )-2 )
Employruent Record
. -.From .htgus.t, 1939
0
tq May, 1940, Duran liaS employed in . .London, England,
'by tho"l"il.m ·Center, 'Where he =pervi!!!td Spanish and Portuguese versian!! of
.. technical f'il.ms distributed by tbe Film Center in the-Western Hemisphere.
From March until October, 1941, D.lrar. was employed by the }.fuseum of
Modern Art in New York City musical scores for technical and ed-
ucational films selected by the Office of Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs
f'or distribution to other American Republics.-
FrfJ!'l November, 1941, to September, 1942, Duran was employed by the·
Music Division of' the Pan luaerican Union in Washington, D, C,, llhere he was
engaged in research and organization of musical projects at salary
of     per annum, In this capacity, Duran served a.s Liaison Officer .
between the Pan American Union, the Office of Coordinator of Inter-American
Affairs and the State Department. In November, 1942, Duran went to Havana,
he was given a position in the American Embassy after Ernest Hem-
.· .ingor.ay had prevailed upon the .A;nerican Ambassador to utilize the servicas of
· furan in connection with Intelligence Activitiea: in Cuba for a temporary
period. At the present time, furan is assigned to the American Embassy in '
Havana. as a member of· the Auxiliary Foreign Service, {Among his other duties;-.. ··,
-!: ffuran reviews local newspaper articles for the Am. bassador, and prepares speeches;
,yr and letters in the Spa(h language f'or the Ambassador, llho has a high regard ./
for Duran's t/-<ff{t/;/-.;2.;.;) •
llilitary Career
.
Guatavo in the Spanish Loyalist Army as a private
on July 17, 1936; after llhich he 'dietinguished himself in action, and
"- .-,:; :::-:r.ose .·to :the .rank. of' Acting General. in camnaod of an army corps_
' . . .. . ·-
G
' Ernest Hemingway, llho knew furan in .Spain and llho mentioned him by
name in his book •For 'Whom the Bell Tolls,• haa described Duran·ae a military
enius, that •com<:s along once in a hundred years,• ( '------·/
,
/1 Duran was· assigned to a command in the forces under Colonel Jlan&ada
on the Uadrid Front, and by 1938, he had reached the rank of' cgmmander in the
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GBJIFJBBVJJAL
I.oj<lllst forces, IN J-an to the Valencie. !n "1:938; and
.res promoted to the rank of Lieutenantf1olonel, the highes ,rarlk granted by
, " t'
RePQblican Spain to non-professional • • • and he served as Chief of an
army corps lf.ith considerable ·-
(J Civil
stated that in the last days of the
been occupied by Franco Forces, a
was formed under General Miaja to negotiate the sur- .
rendsr of. J.!adtid rith General' .P'ranco. ·' It is. reported_ that the Con=mist P&rtv
. ·.,• .... ··· ·'nolently ·opposed tln.a · pl.an:.· and ·orctere were ·given to a"ll to· march
.. ,_ · against Madrid and overthrow the Junta, This source states .. that Cipriano
liera, military leader of the CN'l' (Anarchist Labor Union of Syndicalists.)
.allied himself w:i.th the Junta, and one of the bloodiest battles of the war
· followed, with the Communists on one side and the Republicans and the CNT
oppos"ing the Communists, It   D.Iran, on this occasion, de.:.
serteC. his assigned post,i'<B:llil."leacf'!iis forces aeainst the Republicans and the
CUT in Madrid, D.Iran's forces being defeated in this . -
....:. .. 7... ..t4:I .(-._
    returned to Madrid
after June, 1938, thus directly contradicting tne above-mentioned report that
he. joined the Communists in· fighting the Republican forces ·in Madrid. Regarding
the alleged difficulty between certain Republicar;__,_aff';j..cers and the Communists
with respect to the surrender of Madrid, Duran has,ltated that he heard of a
difference of opinion on this point, but declared that he knowe of no actual
'olence which took place between the two factions. !Nran has maintained:]
'·. at !Iince he did not return to Madrid after June, 1938, he is not ir) a po-
rr?- tion to lmow what actually occurred there between the Communists and
publicans at the close of the war. L(,
.
Duran that prior to the surrender of Madrid, he had
.c0ntacted Stewart Warner, American Consul, and ColonelrFUqua, American Military
Attache, as well aa·Mr, Ballantyne, the British Vice Consul, all of·whom hed
  information by Duran.· After the surrender of Madrid,
sought asylum in the·American Embassy. However, through
the assistance of the British Ballantyne, Duran was placed aboard
a British destroyer at the port of Valencia, ·and was later transferred to
the British hospital "J.:aine, • which took Dlrari to Marseilles, France •
.. , ... Y.rom lAlran .made his TBY through Dieppe to London, llhere he was
• by ·a 'British organization £r:rr. Spanish refugees, - Ilnran has
- ,; ·•.· said that he did not enter the United States until 1940, \l
niDICATIONS OF POLITICAL SYMPATHIES A1'D ACTIVITIES
OF GUSTAVO DURAN
. ;,
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. h2.s ·sUited he has known Duran q a close per,onal frieml •inoa 19£0, and 1' •ed
f! -n in Sl"a<r thAt Iloran'e !attrer e=:itted euicide
during the Civil War in Spain, and that Duran and a brother have been at odds
inasmuch as the brother was on the side of Franco and a confirmed Fascist,
whereas Duran adhered to the Spanish Constitutionel GOvernment and enlisted in
the July 17, 1936, on the eeme date on waich Danael en
ed that Duran is very anti-Franco and anti-Fascist in
his feelings, &{ ·
A confidential informant stated that when the Spanish Civil War
began. Durall was.. a member. of the .Youth . .Socialist .L&8.iJUe .. at lllrlch time that
:organization llll.5 ·affiliated with the Socialist Party of Spain under the Second
;InternaUonal., · !be infonnant stated that in December, 1936, the Youth
·Socialist league affiliated with the Communist Party of Spain, at which·-
time Duran became a and was an important figure in the
Party during the war. [.Tilis informant stated that Duran claims close personal
)friendship with Mrs, Roosevelt, wife of the

Another confidential informant advised in July, 1942, that the
. A panish movement in Washington, D. C, had been reinforced by the
oral support of Gustavo Duran, who at that time was said to be engaged in
c:-- o activity, This source stated that the backE:round of Duran is wall
known to the Spanish Colony in Washington, and that ten per cent of the '-'1-"'"'"-o
'Republicans are reported to be Communists, L( ·
./
A confidential irJormant advised that Duran and his wife have
'
in their home in this country Mrs. Esmond Romilly, nee Jessica
/
ll!itford, It was reported that Jessica Mitford is a sister of Unity Mitford,
who W1?.S reputed to be. an intimate of Hitler prior to the war, and who is
'·.said to be. _rresently interned in England with her husband, Sir Oswald lloslel{
Gustavo Duran has received correspondence from Mrs, William E, Beitz
subject of an investigation in Washington, D. C, looking toward denatural-
:ization pP ii Nfr@'IS• !l.rs, Beitz is· reported to be a naturalized United
i States citizen of German origin, who possesses pro-German sympathies, and was
! intimate with officials of the German Embassy in Washington, D. C, On .
, December 5, 1942, Mrs, Beitz, using the returr. address "Room 7705, Office
i of Coordinator Inter-American Affairs, Washington, D. C, n directed a
_ ; letter to Duran at the 'American Embassy :in Cuba, Mrs, .Beitz stating
. -· : _ ·•'C' had· =certained that; '"the. FBI report .on   had been -turned
·· ·' · over,·:rinally, to'the personnel office,• Bureau files reflect that Maria
· ez Gomez-Carillo :is an Argentine pianist who was hired by the United States
Government at the suggestion of !Irs • Roosevelt, and who named Gustavo Duran
f'S a reference,
33
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4-750 c:.-7-78!
••
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FEDERAL BUREAU DF IIIYEsnGAnOII
FOIPA DELETED PAGE liiFOIIIATIOII SHEET
_ _,_/_ Pqe(s) withheld entirely at this loc.o.tion in lbe file. One or 11110re of lbe   o i l ~ atatementa, where
indicated, explain this deletion.
00 Deleted under exemption(&) _.11£..!.1:._.:_ ______________ with oo aegrepble
asteria! available for release to you.
0 Information pertained only to a third party with oo reference to you or the subject of your requesl
0 Informatioo pertained only to a third party. Your naJD<! is listed in lbe title ooly.
0 Docwnentis) originating with the following government agency(iesl
-----------------, W11s/were forwarded to them for direct response to you.
Pqe<s) referred for consultation to the following government qencyGesl;
------------------as the information originated with them. You will
be advised of availability upoo return of the material to the FBI.
Pqe{s) withheld for lbe following reason(s):
D
For your information:
xxxxxx
xxxxxx
xxxxxx
The following number is to be used for reference regarding these pages:
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_ I@JhflbENTJAL.
Gustavo Duran has made statements concerning the ColD!!lunist Party
Spain and the part they played in the Spanish Civil War. These statements
were made to a representative of the Bureau attached to the American Embassy
·-1. in Havana, and the course of his remarks concerning the Communists, Duran
consistently referred to them as "they" and never gave any indication that
he personally was a member o:r the Collliilunist Party. As noted above, Duran
stated that he was not in.Madrid after 1938, and declared that he was in no
• 1 p:>sition to know whether the Communists .fO'.lght against the Republicans and
>"':: .OF! in   ·tt
cr:
INFORJ:ATIOHiCO!\CER!Hl'!G ASSOCIATES A1'D SPOHSORS OF CJJSTA.VO riJRAN
I I
Bonte Crompton
in
previously mentioned, Gustavo Duran married Bonte Romilly Crompton
England on December 4, 1939 •. Duran•s wi.fe is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 1
tJi II FIE EWJ 011
': :·

4-
...
David Henry Croopton· of Rye, New York, and Wilton, Ne1r Hampshire. David HeBry
---Hr"'Dpten entered Lhe Unitea S+ahs iB 19()'),....-&nd Viee Pr of LLe

4
Mthsr •   of New !ork
...aftd---England, who ls pi ese.ILl;y tepot ted-to·-be---emp-lo:ed -tr,
.

·ie said t.o be·'!!-SO't'11ilirt;'- \A
It is     th:_t "Bonte Crompton, Wilton, N:w Hampshire"
,,-.aa .i"amd.aJilOng the •• .Dav1B -or Detroit., Jtictngan, ..
.at th€ time of his. &H:U By Du1 aB±l .O...giate in Detr oiis .Sp&Bi•R .
:: Case on .February 6, 1940;J'Hr rio.-. Davie stated that
Bonte Cro:npton nas a tourist had met during his travels in F:::-c.nce. ""- _
(
'71-.)f t;f·&J3·t07 "" -z-l- 'T ........ 9-2k .... :zd=
. ': , } ( ........ • ., '.,.. t:. 7 . (_ 4-,o-L.
GEorge Kenneth Holland . 'b &r--. .
  by the United States Government, Gustavo
Duran;P"'""a Kenneth'E:ollina of the Office of Coordinator of Inter-American
Affairs• as e I eferenee • ·It .. -tleveleped ·that·   ·had ·)mown Ous-tavo
  <lBs year, apd st•t<Oa that fie lrnew-<>f '"' dei"Ogat-ory
e'ncer n5:Jtg Duran, a-h-t<>-to nshj tM:t George Kenneth
a of the Office Affairs, Office
for Emergency Management, ifa:& ge:G!:l Joy'i:W Jiffireau in a -Ha-teh !.et Gese Hf')
reBed on;::j;wformati ac +aat Holland was listed. in the indices of the Communist \:!:'
Front Organizations "American Peace Mobilization" and the "Washington Committee
for Democratic Action." action liaS .. taken hy. the Office :for
lf.anagement ttpon-1"eeeipt of t.ha Bureau's report in the matte,..,)
4
Inis Bunuel ·
.... • C1._...b:._
This individual, ..a Dii ee bo1 of the Museum of Modern Art of Nerr York
City, has been f>N!do:tel:y mentiened as a elMe J'e!'eon&l-friond of-Btl.et.aor-o ....._....._.-I
.,c_.;;rv-1 Duran,e.iEes 1928--. :htio Dunuel e:lee named a:5 a Iefe1ence by Butl!dl in
ueld<Jg a "':'i:ted   PBEi gave a fa.':'Qra\lle.
d1&Q91RHl:BFJQst:..9Fh that In:-.s Bunuel, a nat:1.ve of
Spain, originally entered the United States' on September 25, 1938, a
. - Vua., admittedly the Government .of.Spain ror the .
· purpose or engaging in propaganda work for the Spanish Republican Government.
It is reported that Bunuel left Spain with the assistance of two Spanish
officials Who are described as definitely linked with the Communist Party,
one of Whom is said to be an International Agent of the Party. Bunuel
originally denied a United States Immiyration Visa in view of his connections
with the Spanish Republican Government and the suggestion that Bunuel was
either a Connunist or .a fellow traveler. However, .ao -¥iss Dee I d .. ef Appea-ls·l{<·c t<-.._.
an Immigration Visa to Bunuel upon his assertion that he
was not a me'!lber of the Co!hmunist Party. mentionedriJur.uel '/ tl
enl 1 sted =.in·::t)m- .Epanish .. Loy&U&t-·-Army ·Bttran------.tuly 17, ·1936.11(
f. ·ln!2..C.-3 1
'}'I·)' CJJ.Y _. ;fa· 7';>-a ,ro 1
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This individual -e al&o BameEl lly Gustavo Duran o:s a referense in \!
":'3fllyillg-for a position with the United State-s Government, pnd a favorable ._.
recommendation was given for Duran by Charles Seeger. The J:lllPeatt files .!<-:ct.- "-'-Y' ·
.,_ . l'e"feal that the Charles Seeger appeared on the active indices of the .
t,;>;; Co!JI1lunist Front organization "American Peace Mobilization," -ll.O in •-- tige tiN! f'"'-""'-1.... f'
::f:;;;-r;_,. cc:md.>'cted ir'!I>Sl!!!:leh as Seeger was removed :from ths Government pay rolla
and became, employed __ :.an Union: ""'- . _ , )
,_ ,.. C.-:..oo-""_.k'"_:,.:.· __ .·:-(!l"l:....1c/{3-l/
? . Ernest Hemingway
The activities of Ernest Hemingway in cor.nection with anti-Fascist
and Cormm:mist Front organizations in the United States are 1rell knDli!l. In
August, 1942, Hemingway volunteered his services to the American Ambassador
in- Havana, offering to assist in intelligence 1r0rk in Cuba. The Ambassador
asked the opinion of the Bureau Legal Attache in the matter, and was advised
{ that Hem:ingway had signed a petition denouncing the FBI in regard to the
.- J Detroit Spanish Enlistment Case in 1940, and had more recently referred to
" the FBI as "The American Gestapo." Nevertheless, .the Ambassador engaged
the services of who set up an intelligence orgaqization consisting
of paid info!'!Jlants, the entire activity being under the personal direction of
k-(:<1 the American ·Ambassador. In Au!!llst, 1942, Hemingway suggested that Gustavo
Duran be transferred from his Government position in .the United States to
,
1
J assist He!l'.ingway in his intelligence activities in Cuba. The arrangement
--..as to· be a temporary one for a per:!.od of thirty days, during which tj_me Duran
"' . was to take charge of Hemingway's intelligence .organization wliile Henini_';W?.y
-..as absent ori a mission for the Naval Attache in" connection with anti-sub-
n.,·::; ma.rine activities. Hemingway assured the Ambassador that Duran is a·military
<:r:d intelligence genius, who is a "pure Republican and not a Communist,
11
who
able to obtain ccmplete information concerning the Spanish Falange
ilthougl1 the American Ambassador ""-S adv-lsed by the Bureau Legal
Attache that Gustavo Duran was at that time actually an employee of the Office
of Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs, the Ambassador took the position
that if Duran 1re;r:e tratsferred to the :Embassy, he would be working directly
lti- , · ,,.unde_r .the Duran_ arrived_in Cuba in l!ovember, 1?42, and
. ,'· •. , f!:- ,_,_ ·-..orldng rlth l!e1!D.llgway. '?he •intelhgenc-e coverage• of Henungway conslsted
___, .. _ ·-: of vague and uP..founded reports of a sensational character. Duran's work in
Cuba has not been of the same sensational character as Hemingway's, but the
reports which have been submitted Duran are, nevertheless, unspecific
and unverified. Duran attemrted to accomplish a coverage of public opinion
f4ic'j1 in Cuba, which he submitted in reports entitl.ed "The Voice of the Street."
  _ These reports have contained statements made by persons in cafes, bars, and
?:::::\' poolrooms, and, thus, do not represent a fair cross section of general public

:· .•
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cor,smJJAL

... - 9-
in Cuba. "In February, 1943, Ernest Hemingll'ay and Gustavo Duran submitted
to the Ameiican Ambassador that Special Agent H. E. Knob-
laugh, assigned to the Emb;;ssy as Assistant Legal ·Attache, was a participant
of the Franco Movement Spain, and had acted as a paid Franco propagandist.
These charges were based on the fact that Special Agent Knoblaugh had written
a book "Correspondent in Spainn upon his return from Madrid as an Associated
Press correspondent in 1938. Although had been ostensibly friendly
with Special Agent Knoblaugh in Spain, Hemingway had no discussion with Special
Agent Knoblaugh concerning the book, but took tllc charges directly .to .the
. ·.··,-<Ambassador.· ·The Ambass·ador later ado.itted to the Bureau Tegal Attache that
· he had a few pages of the book, and after .requesting the Legal
Attache to have Agent Knoblaugh assigned to some other post, the
dismissed the subject as being of no further importance.
2.nd Duran are knmm to hBYe a low esteem for work of the FBI, which they
consider to be "methodical and unimaginative. ,/ .l! , rl
tP
1
/'/T, I- J.Z;Y
? P'BSS'T ST.'.TUS OF STJSTA VO :'JClAH IN TEE A!.!Eil.ICAlJ EJ,iBASSY,
HAVANA GITBJ.
The services of Ernest Hemingway in matters were
·oster:csihl:r discontinued by the Ame::-ican k'llbcssador on April 1, 194 __ The
Embassy is still receiving a few reports relating to caseE previou·s-,_y inves-
ti.:;ated by Hemingway's organization and di,.-ecte:i to Gustavo Duran. It .is also
known is a project on.behalf of the Naval Attache
in Havana, which consists of an investigation of eneT.Y submarine and clandestine
radio activity off the coasts of Cuba.
While the investigation of subversive activity suspects as such has
been ostensibly C.iscontL"lued by Hemingway, the American .!unbassador he.s re-
quested that 3ustavo Th1ran continue to submit reports on public opinion in
Cuba as was previously   in the "Voice of the Street" The
Ambassador feels that these reports give an "inside picture" of public opinion
in Cuba, and are received with great interest by the State
is now employed at the Eutbassy in Havana· .on a permanent basis as a member of
the Foreign.Service, and Duran employs the services of a few infor@ants
at a cost o.f :'U'ound $200.00 per mbnth •. furan also politic.<J.l CD!m!:ents
-· ,·.': ::c·and articles· in the Cuban neli'Spapera and assi,te the Ambassador in pre- .,
paring speeches to be given in the Spanish Language.
;. -:':·,·
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..cuba, which might indicate an ulterior .purpoee on the part of I:Uran. Ha.-
ever, all of the FBI reports pas3 through a section of the Embassy where
Duran is employed, giving him an opportunity to be aware of all FBI activities
in Cuba as reported to the Embassy.   "
§UM1'JtRY
A reliable source in the United States has reported that Gustavo
Duran was a member of the Youth Socialist League at the beginning of the
Snanish Civil War, and became a member of the Communist Party of Spain when
the Youth Socialist reague affiliated with the Party in December, 1936.
As has been previously mentioned, three sponsors of Gustavo Duran
in the Ur.ited States have b9en reported to be connected in sene degree with
Cowmunist Party or Front activities.
that Gustavo Duran took his forces
to Madrid Spanish Civil War and fought along-
side the Communist forces in opposing the surrende, of the city to Franco.
According to Duran's oan statement, he never returned to Madrid 'after June,.
1938. It is noted that Duran's statement that he was unaware of any violence
between the Communists and Republicans in Madrid appears to be inconsistent
with rather widespread information circulated at the time concerning the
disorder in Madrid based on refusal of the Communists to joL<. in a surrender of
Madrid to Franco •. L•)· .
· -,.·· .·. ·.-·_,.J:t been auggeJ>te.d that the !:ollmrlng-sorirces of.1.nformation

might be contacted for evidence of membership in the Party
Gustavo Duran:
CU:. FIB [piT! Ql1
..

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A check of the records of the State Department
ment might reveal information concerning Duran
American Embassy in Madrid, L(
. ,
---vf/..)
and the War Depart-
as re?orted by the
, .
.. RECC!-::iENDATIONS
It·is fUrther suggested that a blind memorandum be prepared
setting out all information previously mentioned concerning the activities
of Gustavo Duran, and· that this blind memorandum be furnished to 1!r, Berle
and the State Department with the confidential tbat the Bureau be
furnished all information containe'd in their files the
Gustavo Duran in Spain and elsellhere in
.... this
, it should be kept in mind that Gustavo Duran is re!'orted to be a
_·, ... of Ernest ·Hemingway and American Ambassador Spruille Braden in
• c -.,,_:.
Respect
... \ \
8fl i !PI 0 EIITkti
·' · .
. , :,· .
. ·· .. ; .•' ....
CC-150
(C)
_·· .. "'IL'L IImliDlAUON CD!I'TAI!!ED
HEREIN IS UNCLASSIFIED
EXCEPT I?HF.RE SHOW!i
{)TlfERiYISE , .
. .
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Tolaon-- ---
E. A. Tamm_-
Cleu __ _
Coffey __ _
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;'.ALL INF0!.l!UIOll'
.Ei:REIJl I:; t:2:CLP.SSD'u;D
- EXCE?T l:RERE SHOWU .
5.Ei ,_.-·
..  
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Director,
Federal Bureau
Washington, D.
.. - ...
. ..
·.Dear
o:f
c.

.. :

\j:

··- .: · ·· .. - .. :: ·tieture "For Vlh= the 'Bell
stated heas no desire to see it because he does
not-oelieve it is a of his work. He fUrther
. __ ·'declared that Sam Wood,-e director, did not like the book,
and, therefore, was unable to approach his task with a sympathetic
viewpoint. Furthermore, Gary Cooper is past his :trime and he does
not consider choice as le-ading man a happy one. ( ,0
Under date of July 12, 1943, the file contains the·fol-
lowing memorandum of information obtained by the Legal Attache in
conversation with Robert P. Joyce, former Second Secretary of the
American Embassy:
· "The picture based .on • s book, 'For Whom the .
.. Bell . .T.olls;
1
"11'111 be· presented for the first time at the P.aramount
____ · .fueater in Ne-w York City on .July 14, 1943. Hemingway was invited
·- to the premiere but refused; his wife, Martha Gellhorn Hemingway,
was later invited and likewise declined. Their declination is a
result of their dissatisfaction with the manner in which the film
company has adapted the book for screen presentation. Hemingway
received a letter from Gary Cooper, who plays the principal role,
stating that the teeth had been pulled from the story and the
result was a meaningless war romance cast against the Spanish
·countryside.
"Hemingway has refused to see the advance shots of the
picture, though requested to come to Hollywood or Hew York at the
film company's expense, feeling that the film executives intend
.to salve him into a state of.submission to the mutilation of his
-story. He considers himself e to attack the icture when it
appears because e not he rev sion. He still threatens
to expose e ascist influences• namel the Vatican and certain
Sta e epar men cials s athet who were
resp.ons ble for the 'castration
1
of his book."
The conversation turned to writing. He stated that at
the present time, he was only catching up on some old co·rrespondence.
He said that he is not writing any books at the present tiqe, but
has three plots in mind which he thinks will form the basis for
good stories. These concern his experiences in the past year.
However, he does not intend to use these plots until the war ·is
:_.,, .. eo.nnect o  
-· · '""'"1.943 tha e would never write thin about his intelli ence work
on e a o ssador. If he wrote anything as a result of--
h s present experiences, he would limit it to a fictional story
based on anti-submarine work. At the time of his conversation
with SIS #396,.he stated that he had prepared
- 2 -
CONfi¥NTIAL
.. ·· ... · · ..... · · .. .. · .. : ... ::·
  -· .· .·'.c
{£: . ' . 6
··< . .
,.· .. · ,/ m a lti!!cus.eion atated that
· · .. DR.J.<AkARSON is known to .hiln only sliGhtly. However • he has
-. ·a1.Yays- believed that ..in hil!l far stories, he
frequently makes statements that are only half truths, As an
example or this tendency, he referred to an article that Pearson
had written in his column, "The Dai,ly Washington Merry-Go-Round,"
\
I in which Pearson stated that individuals who had fou t i
A r am nco n ri ade in e a s ivil War were discriminated
I
ac;a nst bv U. S. Arm authorities when the sou ht admission to
Of cers
1
Training chool. Although Hemingway thinks tha me ers
j.
of the Abra.nam Lincoln Brigade have been the sUbJects of' discriill-
in.atlon ... he stated that Pearson was Urifortunate .in his choice oi'
examples, to Heminpway,.each individual that Pearson
Was re!used adcilssion to Officers• Schoo wa
an ou oflnun s , aving attended a Communist Indoctrination
located in the Catskill Mountains in New York State. In
Regardinc; his work, Hemingway stated that he never
intended to find himself in any such or activity. His
explanation for an intel·ligence service which was in
operation until A ril 1 943, was that he did so when s ecifically
reques e o o so t e assa or, who believed that he was
eminently qualiliedo aid the Embassy in gathering information
the Spanish Falange because or his long association with
Spaniardsl. a)\),_
- Very ·truly yours,
ID'T. 8 •. ·I. •. {'
Legal
Rl!D:RM
,-
-·,_
...
   
....;·:
· .. -- . .-.
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,:"""8CC. ··'{·
  EDGAR HOOVER
..,- OIJitEC.lOft
:·· .
Mr.
. /
Tol1on ,-
E. A. To;;;;;:_ Wr .
..
.J:l'ltl'ral iiurl'aa o(lnol'nigation
Jlnitcll §iatl'.i llqmrtmnrl .af
Mr. Cion __ _
(\ :![· Cofloy

V. _liT.
·. ·- _ ._ Kr.   • __
Mr. Mumford __
.. .. -· .'"-.--·
I 'f ..- l.!r. Starke ___ _
• • • .. Mr. Quinn Tamm_
  . . :_. •:'.·· __
11t ...... Mfa1
You 1lil1 recall that for a time Ernest Hemingway 1ras Min Gand
1
engaged in intelligence activities at the request of and under the -+--
.. direct supervision of the American Ambassador in Havana, Cuba. J..5
of April l, 1943, however, the Ambassador dispensed with the intelligence
services of Hemingway, and it was indicated that Hemingw-ay's organization of
confidential informants in Cuba 1r0uld no longer render on intelligence
matters. The Bureau Legal Attache in Havana has ascertained that Hemingway
/
has since April 1
1
1943, continued operations in Cuba on behalf of the United
States Naval Attache; that is, operations consisting of cruising the waters
off the coast of Cuba in a small boat for the of ascertaining the
extent of enemy submarine activities. t..tJ., 10/-''1?4
. -.kP cuss. "' m.  
netails . l!EASON - FCIH
···. ·.-
. ·:
There has been reported no change in the eituation existing
between Hemingway and the American Embassy in Havana, and Hemingway
apparently enjoys the fUll confidence of Ambassador Spruille Braden and
• I
is continuing his actnities on behalf of the. United States Naval Attache.
· Despite the ostensible discontinuance of Hemingway's intelligence activities
for the Ambassador on April 1, 1943, the Bureau Legal Attache has ascertained
that Hemingway had a quantity of gasoline charged to him from the private
stock of the Ambassador for the month of April, 1943, indicating an actual
continuance of an arrangement llhich had been previousiy in effect for the
o1\.
Respect

'
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t' mow   no.
.. FEDERAL BlJREAJJ lNVE.CGATlON
TO
... .t. ••
OFFICIAL INDICATED BELOI'! BY CHECK MARK
Mr. Tolson
Mr. E. A. Tamm
Mr. Clegg
Mr. Coffey
Mr. Glavin
Mr. Ladd
Mr. Nichols
Mr. Rosen
Mr. Tracy
llr.
Mr.
Jones
Mohr
Mr.
Mr.
Mr.
Mr.
Mumford
Quinn Tamm
llr. Nease
lliss Gandy
See Me
Note and
Remarks:
Return
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, <: ,-: ltr t.be protftction at ac.-n ae fL   lS(sO. llltad
.. , .. · &a f« \be J'1tth ot the C«mlittee tar
the at Fcreigrt ..tlicb _. 'Wd'ledul.ed t.o be held Sll Atlcttic
i Cit7 en llt.!'ch 29 and )01 19ll4 . _ · .. --';,. . : · -.. · .. · ..
·"
. I• ,. . ,. • ·.--"'" ,, . . .. ,c.,· • -. •
- · · The th. &:lm ...
Mclared by the Att«nq o..J!'IIl. to be 111th1n the parn.w at Elatcttttv.
. . Qrdco 9635. . : . . ·) : . . .._ _,,· : .. . . .
>· ..,rlean Rncro. Ship ., .:,_ .. ; . . :
. . Tbe '.r 'tb. lL'a%br" publiahed 11!1
artiele be&r1ng the Rea!'t1ru l'llacidne at Rescue Ship
Jaaion, • '1'be &l"Uele qllOted -. .oab.le HOen.d from lie::¢ineway 1n Bavanil
in llhich he expressed afuol!oe hope tlhd • llb1p 'IIOilld 't. obt.ained •u
· · eoon as lt•a m....Jy ponible to • ••• . · ... --: · ·
·._· · .. ..
. . : · · .· The Ship .Jl1n1ari hf.. 't-en by the Attomq
a.nera1 to t. within pur"1"ia' ot Emcut.tn Order 9835. · \_
. i - • l!aEne or J.Mrioan 'WrittrJ :-:·.; .. _ .. ·:.·: .. ·-: .. · .. .. .·. _
. : . Ql h!ruu7 n. ·1941..· zmen ... ·reported .. a.
a •Jw or the Board ot Directora ot t.h• teague or .
.ueric.n Wrlten, Inc!lrp<llated. . · · -·.- :: ·: - ·
..... . .. . .. _: . . . ·.. .·; . . . . ... :
'l'be 'i,Mgue ot Ameiican lrl'it.n bU 'bMrl cS.toed bT the
Qaaera1 a• be ins within tbe parrlew ot OnSw 9835.
.. : ·.·
.:-·: .
•.· : . . ··.· . .
. : . ...
': ·;·· __< •. -..-... {'--i)
-
.· .,· .. ·.s. ·'-Office Memorandum · UNITED STktEs GovERNMENT
" · "-' -'20 -. - ... · :2. ·
1
' : t_ , _   -m.   30.

{.·. :..' ::,:- ; : _ .J p ·m;REilJ IS ,
Jle • ...u·r: .. Ol:' COUQIIIV - ...
• E7..c.&'T - . =:
  n o:. T-r::; C>?:?I ; 3 07 TI1E _r _ _\7'_? .. ? 7
0:?   FO't 'E fW-[ 1. · · . .. .. --
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_,, 1 .
SUBJBCT:
1/
Attached hereto is a blind menorandtet prepared in response to :•-
. a request the Offi : e of the Secretary of Defense for a che ck of ----
F::! files, to include a surrrnary of any informati on which
11
tvould affect
, . . cl..earanc.e .for _a.ccess to highly: .classified
. In the set out in the blind memorandum
it is ·noted that 8ureau files that Ernest operated an
i:1telligence orga::1ization for the America:1 Arnbassador in Havanna, Cuba from
August to April 1943. this period was in frequent
qontact -.-:ith -+:.he Office of the Legal Attache at Havanna, Cuba.
The Legal Attache reported in June 1943 that in personal relati o:1s
::naintained a surface show of friendshi p and interest with
of the. :ar. Throu1h statements he made to reliable contacts
of t!1e Legal Attache, i'loweYer, it was lmovm that :1P.::Jting-t:ay antl :1is assistant,
Gustavo .::Uran , ha-::1 a low esteem f or the of the ?3I t hey co:1sidered
to be methodical, unima ginative, and performed by persons of comparative y outh *'l
1
7d. t :D·..lt experience in .:'oreign coun"':.ri es and kr:owledge of interna tin :tal >< • , ; .
intrigue a:-1·1 poF tics. 3o HernJling'.'l'ay and Juran, it '\'as also b oi'in, had ,:q · 1·
persor.al ::::>stili ty t o FBI on an basis , especially H
t he Fl i pro-Fascist, and dangerous of develo fifi
1nt0 a!'l     11 ---s
1

. .
It is noted that ErnP-st Hemf.ing-.'l'ay was a prindpal signer of the
denunciati .-:-1 of t he F3I in the .Jetroi t Cor:unm-.:. st-Spani.sh ·!1se in
1940. In t he Legal .Attache a dvised t hat on meeting :-re::ru.ng·::a y some
0
Qo;
weeks previ ously -the latter ha:3 referred to the as "The American J estapo''•
At the request of the Legal Attache was sounded out by a
tive of the at Havan.r:a concerning these remarks. The
represent a tiye later r eturned wi th the a ·?vise that Hem¢ingway stated he had
paid no partic·:I.lar attenti ':ln to the petit'.on he had signed in 1940
the ?3I an-1 coul --J • har-:D.y reme::tber what it sai ri ; H6!l'lltingway t ol d t he
represe:-.tative that people were always shoving petitions under his and
·· . ..,._ 1ike many i'amous people he was in'Clined to sign them on the- request of a friend
w1 t. hout f ull inforJUation as to their contents. Hemtting-.1ay also report.: dly
dismissed the referen·::e t o the FBI as "The A!nericun Gestapo" as a mere jest.
(64:-23312-6X) ··. \.'-' dt-l,d:-,..,_d · · f/ f/·, ..
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.- ·-·.·co+AL-
Jn addi1;1c:n to ru gaormatitm! wmtic:ned 1n the ·-.ttaehed: DJ.jM
· :memoranduln. it is noted that Bureau !ilea reflect lte mingway' s past a!til.iation
, with such organizations as the lledical Buxeau to J.id Spanish Democracy, .lmerican
· Relief Ship Vias ion !or Spain, and the An£rican Writers' Coogress. .Iiane o! these
organizations are on has not established
  • Hemingway's members p se ons y ..,.a m.
1-CU<lh
0<'t;1 It ill recommended that the in! ormation developed concerning Rem ingway
)§{,;g. ,, .. , .... ··:dllr1ng·lJU lH!rrlee to -u. Peri.aan"IJnha"'Saritr ·."111. anana, .Cuba,· not .G. -.de available
  -, tx) ·the Qtfice a! the Secretary ar De!ense since this in! ormation is largely o! an
· .. -adldnl:stative·nature and does not appear to be such as would affect clearance !or
I
;:::._. · a.ccess to highly classified material. It is also recommended that the :lnf'ormation
associating Hem:lngtiii.Y with the organizations mentioned above not be made available
_ · to the requesting agency since these organizations are not on the !ttorney General's
, t
  •

If the attached blind memorandum meets with your approval, it ill
recommended that it be returned to Room 7633 !or transmittal to the Office o!
the Secretary o! Defense.
2-
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Spy, Saboteur Hunt '
. NEW YORK, Dee. %2
NoveU.t
-ran an underJTound uc e '
'ahop" in Cuba World
·•· w ;Ww n w lle!p Ameri=
•. track lknm saboteun
' tpies aicl:iltl; the enemy
;ob>k Allied ddpplnr in the
Carib bean Sea, it wu clli-
;e!osed
: Spruill
:111otant Sec of State, said
· that when he WM Ambusa·
: ·dor to Cuba in 1942, he ar-
)'ranred with Beminpay fer
· the · establishment of thlll' ,
apparatlL!.
The apparat\Ul Wa5 h ded.
{
Braden said, by Gustavo u-1'
f'a!!1 an internation my ry
man and

 
wpiratlonrl-
1
fnr the hero of
.Whom the Bell Tolls.",
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Winterrowd-
Tele. Room _
Holloman--
SizOO---
Wisa Gandy-
-----
Times-Herald
Wash. Post
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'Wash. Star
/"··:
N.Y. Herald Tribune--
N.Y. Wirroc
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Date:
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UNITED   GOVERNMENT

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.J · .1a tb. Bureau 1a tware, noveliat Ea!IEST l£lli!t'JII).Y returned \o
haDe 1n Cub& &hllut a aonth ago &!ter apent 10111etillle in Europe r{
r!oU!lllltn( hh ·ftlrrow noape fl"OIIISII&th b tn U. .ltrloa. -;. '-.
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a tr.quentl]" tall •de laudato:ey re!erenoee to hi• in b1.a dail]" oolUJm called -,.
'"Interuting It hue. • S...-.ra.l WHka ago SCCI1"l "j.n b1.e ooluan reported a 'S-
ooavereation that he tad tad with HEiliNCJO.Y'e wite, )I..R!, in which the · "-
latter at& ted that lion at:eake were -rery delectable. I!COl'r •id he took
2
iuue with Kra. HEIU!OIA! on \bia question and aha retorted that be -e a
•at:upid Britiah aolenill.· aeon -nt 1111. to a&)' in b1l colliml that !rolll a. [
YOI&n he could take thia bot he would nnu lt&nd. atill tor it U it
e- f'ro• bar maband. -. :· :- /t:-: :- -< -:: ._,<:i-' .. · . .:. ':-'--"'- ·.,.
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.· pan .on. &cUeu .1. Oi.RD!iDi ba-a been in i
abe "beo&me aOM'IIb&t &blain Yith the Cuban prus upon her arrival at the · . .: .·
airport in Havana and later at the Hotel •c1ona1. scorr •de raterence
to thia in one o! hie dally columna, and wnt on to eay it 111
obeeTTed tbt.t a wo•n trl .. to adopt the attitude and actione o! her
blsband and pointed out that 01\liDml\'a • • humnd,   Sllll'I'AA,
ha.a oamed on a running feud with the preu !tr ,.an.
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, FEQ.ERAL 'BUR-EAU OF. IK-t)TIGATION
RECORDS SECTION
'-22
195
Localitles ______ -r-----r------------------
Birthdato l Placo4 ; · - .
.II
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1
j Searcher ; -,£
; Date   Initial A
FILE NUMBER SERIAL
2.

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-- -.P!o8D Ccwat,tee tor· lrot .. o\lCID ot Porelp
BorD wu deolared b7   General to be v1thi.D
parY1ev of I:s.Xecutlye Orc1a1' _ . · ·
&.erleco Re•£9! §B!p ftl!tlan ·
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. .- .. ·- !bl Janna,-. 16. •.Daiq Varker•
p:abllahed a a-tlole bearlns \bit !»a41.1De ·
Beartlftaa Bacld.D£ ot laaw.e Ship M1aa10D.' article
quoted • .able rece1ye4 traa 1D lluana 1n
expNased the a1Dcere hope that a 8h1p voulcl H obtained
.•u aooo u !t•a lmwanl7 po.atble 4o ao.• )
. . . ('-1- S•'- A X,,_ 'S"Ff- .2 ,,,K,.,
ftl.e .&.erlean ••cue Ship Hla•loa hu declared
bJ" the lttomq General M VlUllD the pgr"t'lW of BzecutlYe
· OPcler 10450. · . .. · - · · · ·. - · ·· · · - · · · ·
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not to be oonatrued aa a oleara.noe eP a noDClea.rance ot
lnd1Y1dual 1nYolYec5. l'hta 1ntorsaat1on la hnllab.d tor
70ur ue and ahould !lOt be 4lana1Dated wtaide ot 7011r
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Hemingway; s Suit ·· f .
"' _ -. lot of people .ID tbe CILIM
'i :w.1li understand why Ernest Hemingway · .
- ftled ·1111t tO prevent. ESQUlie maga-
-'-. -SiDe -trom JIP,PlJhl!shtq 80IDe at lUI old
f atune. about ibe Sparum ctT11 War..
· Back in those days, two decadet ago, he
t ·. wu a strong supporter of the Loya!Uta
.. against Genera.liss1mo Franco, and the
1toriea 1n question refteeted his 8ent1-
.". ment of that period. But n.Ow, even
though he atUl adherea to ' that senti-
ment, he apparently Wi.mea he had
written them 1n a cWferent way. Any-
how, he doe.m't want to see them 1n
print again 1n toz:m.. whlcb
aMe8 tum -not 1IDl1ke zmm.e%'01!1 lesser
Writers who are embarrassed when con-
-fronted With certain of tbelr put works
that look allghtly unpollahed .naive
1n retrospect.
Thus, speaking through 1m lawyer'•
brief, in a atyle not nearly ao good u
1m own, Mr. Hemingway has had thia
- to say: "It Ia respectfully submitted,
. and the court well bows, that the paa-
uge of time can ·aftect the writings of
. authors either favorably or unfavorably •
• . . mustrative is the change 1n •ttitude
of people to writings of men during the
time Russia was our ally, to the present
attitude of people to such men and their
writings now that Russia .is perhaps our.
greatest enemy.'' Th1a is. pretty turgid
prose-prose which the Old Master ob-
viously had nothing to do with, and-
which he has disavowed as a distortion
of his own_ views-but it atUl _makes lta
poignant point. Quite plainly, llk:e matly
another literary fellow, Mr. Hemingway
feel! he has a .riiht to revise aome of
his earlier "pieces 1n a way designed to
make aure that they wW never return
to haunt him. -
. However, even though Esquire has
. bowed to_hia suit_, Mr. •Hemtngway must
" reconcUe himself to the fact t.h&t t t la-
really poWble tor_ hlm, especl&lly
. becauae of his stature, to atop the work
. : · wbo 1IUl keep -«1 · t.ry1nc to
-: . be baa
·ever said or written. His position 1n that
( respect Ia wellaummed up in the follow:-
_.:_ lni u.nea from old American vera111er:
.t- -co.retul IDfth ttre ... u leoc! adVIce toe
know; · . '
, •co.re/7/J 111ith tDOrt/.6," u teta timu .
l · . . . -CioublJI 10. . .
f:houghtJ U71UJWUUcl "'ff• 101M• .
b · - flmu fAll bclclc Uad; · · .
Jlut God Hi11Uel/ C4ft't tUm
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Trotter---
W .C. Sullivan _
Tele. Room_
Holloman __
Gandy __ _
I (t l( - :J ] 3 -
NOT  
IAUG 18 1958 .
-----ag•
Wash. Post and -
Times Herald
Wash. News /1/0
Wash. Star
N. Y. Herald ---
Tribune
N. Y. Journal----
American
·-:..:.H. y_ .Mirror ----
--N:Y. Daily"News-
-N.Y. Times ----
Daily Worker ----
The Worker ----
New Leader ----
--Date
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He Was Never
.. Hemin(lw11y ·p""
. By . . I
Tt...HAS BEEN m,y atubbom· oplnlon
J. wu actually one of the worst Wrttera f
me BHI'tib &ql!lp cbldDc Ida am.e. n ... a. . -
: conceded that he invented a "atyle." But to me tt )
. waa an ugly ltyle, 10 barren. ot ordtnary literary f
! -embeJllshment or amenity that 1t wu and •
!. often lncomprehen.sible. • . I
f - He' forswore the famlUar "he ;
'J and "he tnqu.tred." Thtnp of :
·. kind. . . . ,
· I freely to· anoth
1
professional writer, that early 1ri
"' Hemlngway'a f&d I found m.yaelt
thumbing back over half ,. dozen or . ·
i-. · more jeru of apeech 1n quotation.
: mark.! to determine which person
wu speaking at thta moment. . ·
To my comfort, my colleague ex- :
RGLEB claimed that for the first time in
&ll those years ahe waa emboldened
ad.mlt that she, too, had had th1a problem. Heming- l
; W&7'1 d1aloc, aa 1n ''l'he Klllers," made nervous
.. 1m abe ..had .been e.hnhed and a llttle fnttmldated, .
  · too, 1n her oftlce; a magazine ahop, ever to admit her ·

confusion. She would be patronized and ridiculed
,_,. and ·probably passed over 1n the promotlona and
r uairrunents as being old-faah!oned or even J&norant. .
\' :":i;l . I noundered in "The Sun Also Rises" and for .
; )'earl I had a renUnder 1n the bact ot my lntentlons :
rto t.r)' it again. Th1a time, .I would put f«?rth a apeclal
1
to follow the meant.? g. . · , ;
,. But eventually I aald, Oh, to with I
'id1 aad bl.a affectations." . -
11 I am a reasonably Intelligent reader and 1f
·. :,; ; eat artJ6t w:lth his precious "style" cbuld not exe t
_ elf to mate his meanlnr clear to me, wu I '
. . obUged to yield him. precious hours out of my Ute
1
. .. · . .aJIIt m1M praSou 'JIH'P&m'e of tae measured v1l1on.
·'.--: F.ta:q eyes uJaomqe to h1l reputatlan7 Wbo created
t &hat ,reputation? Book reviewers and aellera. .
1
l After &ll, I had bought h1a book and had done
!t<;1'1.4,'i-:· the courtesy of reading lt. I dld not h1m ·
f acrlfice to prove that I was to h1l tricky ,
• affectation. · '
· He annoyed me nl!o with profanity and vulgaritY :
  when I pol.n.ted out that Lardner had never
l told & dtrt7 atory and had shunned mucky atuff on
'! paper, Hemlnpay'a reJoinder .dld not dlapase of
.. Jlemlnrwa:r Ullltered that neverthelesa
. t })eop1e did apea,)t u hta c..lulractera apote. True. But
; .ao did Lardner's ani! 't.ardner'a ear tor ,the !.atiguare
; Americans waa as aeiUJltln and true u
t_a     4.
Tolson----
Belmont __ _
Mohr ___ _
Callahan __ _
:;?/

Malone ___ _
Rosen ___ _
Sullivan __ _
Tavel ___ _
Trotter ___ _
Tele Room __
lnqram ___ _
,.

sBJ,;;,-A-
NOT F.l<'.CORDED
ni JUL 19
The WaahJnqton Poet and __
Tlaea
The Waablnq'oa Daily Hewa _
Tbe Eorentn q It• -----
New York Merwd
New York Joa..rDal- Amer i ca:D
New York Wtrror ____ _
. . · . • , .,_ .o.&r 11•••---
. . ,._ -y.- ,._t -----
Tille New York Tlaea ---
Tile -------
Tile New LeHer ____ _
Tile Wail Street Journal __ _
Date---------
JUL 1 7 195lll
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..... .
,. _,_ .
-
(,,
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• :.;. lofono wr!tu
- .'llt!'mitkWl:r wu the creature of a cl&Q.ue o1 &1co--
af tbem IIDolt r...-iewero. j
"'The eruption o! shaving bubbles which· engulleC!
U! when he died wa.s the gaseous emotional reaction
of paltry people who thus acclalmed their own other-
Wise tentative or negative celebrity. · ·
They stand tor nothing, And nothing ,.._._ tl;le
great standard wlilch Hemingway had ral!ed and
fought !or In hi! noncomm1Ftal . uproars &!! thou
yean. .
Hemingway's obsess.ton with puglll!m u a per-
sonal activity was juvenlle and .brutal.
. Pro!=.iwalo never stdke a Kemtnr-
equal m_& hirl7 &ood pro!ell.!lrual heavY-
weight by Gene Tllnney'• IIUiouo op!nton. Gepe said
' r . ,._ :Remtngwiy hit him 1.3 hArd L'5 any other ma.n except
Dempsey. Yet this man was a personal, physical bully
- 1l1d his adventures In and around battle, though I
exc!t!ng and dangerous, were on)y the routine
ence of thousands of other men and .tlds all
J

  absolutely destitute · o! humor and hi!
. nJy at!ecij,onate souvenir to us !.! "Farewell to ."
1
C..7l"iPt. 1N1. ItQ: 1-. .
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TO
l!ove!.'.ber 6J 1.959
TliE OF STATE. WASHINGTON.
DATE
REF

ACTION DEPT.
For
u.. Only
suBJEcT: Ernest TIE:ill:GifAY Gives Views on Cuban Situation
@ -
I )IDJDl UIJCIASSVIED /p ·,
For !:r'4j/-;, per-hape the nost f=.l.E re!iident in Cuba has
been El"Tieo:t !:E'' •· • has a home in San Francisco de Paula, near fuoba.na, where
he spenus a brge p.:u-t. of his tine. generally lives a retired life
together rlt!l his wif0 and frequent visitors. ·.
  returned frcn a :Long visit in Spain on Novedler J, 1959. He was
i_nter-view-ed at the e.irport by PrenBii Latina, and contrary to his usual custan.
m&de several statenenta on the local situation and his reactiar., .Amoog other _thingzl,
he said, as by Prenu. La.tinlu ,_
1) His opinion of the Revolutiona!"'J Gover!l!'lent was unchangeC. lrlnce
Januar;r-ile lnlpport.ed it and all its acts conpl.otely, a.nd thought
it vas the best thing that hacl ever happened to Cuba,
2) lie had not any of tLe infonation published abroad aga1rm1;
Cuba, I!e By!:lpathized rlth the Cuban Governnent, and
cl:Lificultiea.
J) Heo:ing;ro.y esfilasized the and vas asked Bbcut it. He l!aid that he
hoped Cubans would. regard hill not as a Yanqu:i, (his word), bl'.t another
Cuban. With that• he kissed a Cuban flag which was nearby. Ee I'6fused
to re:Peat the gesture for photogra1Xlers, saying that he "haL the
flag rith sinceritY". inp:cying that publldty would cheapen the act.
t.l- d 3
4) Hesingway said he knew- nothing aboot any recent note  
Governoent to the Cuban Government on relations between the two counfrl.ee.
lie sai.d tllat he had ca:Je fran Nw York, vhere they "knew iJM\u.rig!
Cuba or the vorl.d. There all they talk about U. Van Doren and the
........
sca.ndal. of the TV q.rlz shows". (END UHCIASSITt!W) COPY TO THE FBI
m;cmr OFFICIAL USE ONEY
---·- ·- ·-
---------
Data:
. .Ul.3/6l.
. -A:IRIEL
.;_:.
(Pri<>rily or 1/eliw.J of llailUy;) 1
------------------------------------------------L
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DIRECTOR, FBI
SAC, MINNEAPOLIS
0
-BE; ERNEST HEMINGWAY
PERSONAL ATTENTION
·- - .... 'YN!'OIUlATION WliCER11ll{G
·.··· ...
:.JmNEST HEIUNGWAY, the author, has been a patient at Mayo
Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, and is presently at St. Mary's
Hosp'ital in that city. He has been at the Clinic for several
\
weeks ,_.--and irdescribed as a problem. He is seriously ill,
both physically and mentally, and at one time the doctors
· wer.e giving him electro-shock therapy treatments.
investigation. stated that
Mayo Clinic, advised to
newsmen, the Clinic
register under the alias GEORGE
tated that Mr. HEMINGWAY is now
ering under a:..wame, and is
worry was interfering e treatments
of Mr. ".HEMINGWAY
1
he desired authorization to tell HEMINGWA
that tpe FBI was not concerned with his registering under
an advised that there was no
objection.
r:·-
c-·,·-
Bureau
llinneapolis
W"HW:RSK
<   C'c - • ./..-
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Approved: -----------
Per--j/0
Special Aqent in Charqe

.· ...
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OFFICIAL USE ONLY
- ·. (CI.uifi<.uian)
., .... -..
should publlc:ti tak; a position which displays either (1) strong
I criticism of his Gove:rnment and ccnpatriots, or (2) a remrkable ignorance
concerning develoroents in Cuba aince the Urst of the year. . - , ..
. . (Elm OFFICIAL USE om.r) . .
L
For the Ani>assador;
Daniel H .• Braddock
 
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