You are on page 1of 51

TRAINING

ffecti$e Date7 1# Dec 11

BULLETIN
Inde8 9u!ber7 III-I.1 Alpha Inde87 Weaponless Defense $aluation Coordinator7 'rainin* "ection Co!!ander Auto!atic 0e$ision Cycle7 # 6ears

Department Training Bulletins shall be used to advise members of current police techniques and procedures and shall constitute official policy.

WEAPONLESS DEFENSE Table of Contents

Introduction.............................................................................................................1 Guidelines...............................................................................................................1 Mental Attitudes and Physical Abilities for Weaponless Defense...........................2 Confidence.........................................................................................................2 Balance..............................................................................................................2 Awareness..........................................................................................................2 Control...............................................................................................................2 stablish!ent of a "tance........................................................................................# Inter$iew "tance................................................................................................# Defensi$e "tance...............................................................................................% &oot Mo$e!ent 'echni(ues....................................................................................% )un*e "tep.........................................................................................................% "huffle "tep.......................................................................................................+ "ide "tep............................................................................................................, "ide-"tep Pi$ot.................................................................................................., "ide-"tep "huffle "tep......................................................................................., In.ury A$oidance 'echni(ues................................................................................../ "ide &all............................................................................................................. / &all to the 0i*ht................................................................................................./ &all to the )eft.................................................................................................../ &orward 0oll......................................................................................................1 &ace &all............................................................................................................1 Bac2ward 0oll...................................................................................................3 scort 'echni(ue.....................................................................................................3 4ne-5anded Grip.............................................................................................11 'wo-5anded Grip............................................................................................11 "ub.ect 'urns into 6ou....................................................................................11 "ub.ect Pulls Away &ro! 6ou.........................................................................11 i

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

Personal Weapons.................................................................................................12 5ands............................................................................................................... 12 5eel of 5and....................................................................................................12 5a!!er &ist....................................................................................................12 &in*er ;oints....................................................................................................12 &in*ertips.........................................................................................................12 lbow...............................................................................................................1# &orear!............................................................................................................1# <nee.................................................................................................................1# Inside and 4utside d*e of &oot......................................................................1# 5eel.................................................................................................................1# &ront of &oot....................................................................................................1% =ulnerable Areas...................................................................................................1% 5air.................................................................................................................. 1% Middle <nuc2le to Mastoid.............................................................................1% >nder the ;aw )ine..........................................................................................1+ 9otch at the Base of the 'hroat ?'rachea 5ole@...............................................1+ "terno Cleido!astoid Muscle ?9er$e 9e8t to 'rachea@..................................1+ "houlder Muscle..............................................................................................1+ &in*er Behind Cla$icle....................................................................................1, Ar! Pinch........................................................................................................1, "ternu! 0ub ?Breastbone@...............................................................................1, "olar Ple8us.....................................................................................................1, Pectoral or Chest Muscle.................................................................................1/ "ide of 0ib Ca*e..............................................................................................1/ Groin................................................................................................................1/ Bac2 of the 5and.............................................................................................1/ ar Pinch.........................................................................................................13 Muscles of the 'hi*h.......................................................................................13 Inner 'hi*h Grab.............................................................................................13 <ic2 to "hin.....................................................................................................2A &oot "to!p......................................................................................................2A Control 5olds........................................................................................................2A Bent-Wrist Control 5olds................................................................................21 Bent-Wrist: 'wo-5anded Control 5old...........................................................21 Bent-Wrist: 4ne-5anded Control 5old...........................................................22 'wist-)oc2 Control 5old.................................................................................2# Ar!-Bar 5a!!erloc2.....................................................................................2% 'a2edown 'echni(ues...........................................................................................2+ )e*-"weep 'a2edown.....................................................................................2+

ii

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

Ar!-Bar 'a2edown.........................................................................................2, Ar!-Bar 'a2edown ?&orward !o$e!ent@......................................................2/ Carotid 0estraint 'a2edown fro! the 0ear.....................................................23 'a2edown Defense................................................................................................#A Ground Defense.....................................................................................................#1 scape the !ount position...............................................................................#1 Weapon 0etention.................................................................................................#2 5olstered Weapon...........................................................................................#2 >nholstered Weapon........................................................................................## Gun 'a2eaways.....................................................................................................#% 5and*un fro! the &ront 'a2eaway.................................................................#% 5and*un fro! the 0ear 'a2eaway..................................................................#, )on*-Barrel &irear! fro! the &ront 'a2eaway...............................................#/ )on*-Barrel &irear! fro! the 0ear 'a2eaway................................................#1 Carotid 0estraint...................................................................................................#3 ;ustification for >se of the Carotid 0estraint Control 5old.............................#3 ffects of the Carotid 0estraint Control 5old on the Body..............................#3 Basic "tructures of the 5u!an 9ec2 ?Dia*ra!@............................................%A &unctions of the Basic "tructures of the 5u!an 9ec2 ?Chart@......................%A &actors Which Generate >nconsciousness ?Chart@........................................%1 5ow Alcohol or Dru*s in a "ub.ectCs "yste! Alters 'i!in* ?Chart@............%1 ffects of an I!properly Applied Carotid 0estraint Control 5old ?Chart@....%2 &ollow->p Actions..........................................................................................%2 Pri!ary Dan*ers to a "ub.ect fro! Application of a Carotid 0estraint Control 5old ?Chart@..................................................................................................%# "teps to 'a2e if a "ub.ect )oses Consciousness ?Chart@................................%% Application of the Carotid 0estraint................................................................%% 'wo-5anded Carotid 5old..............................................................................%% 4ne-5anded Carotid 5old...............................................................................%+ Chancery Carotid 5old....................................................................................%+ Defense fro! 0esistance to the Carotid 0estraint............................................%, "witchin* Ar!s...............................................................................................%, Additional Defensi$e 'echni(ues....................................................................%, After the "uccessful Application of the Carotid 0estraint...............................%1

iii

TRAINING
ffecti$e Date7 1# Dec 11

BULLETIN
Inde8 9u!ber7 III-I.1 Alpha Inde87 Weaponless Defense $aluation Coordinator7 'rainin* "ection Co!!ander Auto!atic 0e$ision Cycle7 # 6ears

Department Training Bulletins shall be used to advise members of current police techniques and procedures and shall constitute official policy.

WEAPONLESS DEFENSE Introduct on Weaponless defense is a series of techni(ues you perfor! usin* body !o$e!ent and stren*th to defend a*ainst or control a resistin* sub.ect. 6ou need to learn weaponless defense techni(ues to a$oid in.ury by initiatin* a response to an i!!ediate threat and to safely ta2e a resistin* sub.ect into custody. 6ou will confront !any sub.ects who are e8perienced in the art of self-preser$ation and can be $ery a**ressi$e. When you respond to an a**ressi$e sub.ect: swift e8ecution of an appropriate foot !o$e!ent: control hold: ta2edown: or other techni(ue can be critical in !ini!iDin* the threat and pre$entin* the escalation of the a**ressi$e action. In e!ployin* weaponless defense: you are encoura*ed to protect yourself throu*h proper positionin*: balance: !o$e!ent: and e8ecution. Practice is re(uired to reach an effecti$e le$el of e8pertise. E"tron* sideF refers to the side on which you carry your firear!. EWea2 sideF refers to the side opposite the stron* side. ach action you need to perfor! is presented as a separate step in order to describe each action clearly. 6ou need to perfor! the se(uence of actions s!oothly and (uic2ly which will ensure the techni(ue wor2s to your ad$anta*e. Gu del nes Whene$er you use force to defend a*ainst or control a sub.ect: follow the *uidelines listed below7

Approach a sub.ect so that your stron* side or *un side is away fro! the sub.ect. >se the !ini!u! a!ount of force re(uired to establish control: affect arrest: pre$ent escape: and o$erco!e a sub.ectCs resistance. De$elopin* your tactical co!!unication s2ills can !ini!iDe those situations in which a weaponless defense techni(ue is re(uired.

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

!ental Att tudes and P"#s cal Ab l t es for Wea$onless Defense In order to perfor! weaponless defense effecti$ely: you !ust culti$ate certain !ental attitudes and physical abilities. 'he !ost i!portant of these attitudes and abilities are confidence: balance: awareness: and control. Confidence Confidence is a by-product of s2ill. 'he !ore s2illed you beco!e in weaponless defense: the !ore confidence youCll ha$e in your ability to defend yourself and o$erco!e physical resistance. 5a$in* confidence in oneCs s2ills contributes to usin* the! effecti$ely. Balance Balance is the !ost i!portant principle in the e8ecution of any physical s2ill. 6ou can use your physical s2ills in weaponless defense only fro! a position of balance. When you possess physical balance your wei*ht is e(ually distributed o$er both le*s. All body !o$e!ents: *rabs: and control techni(ues are perfor!ed fro! this position of balance. In an unbalanced stance: the bul2 of oneCs wei*ht is to the side of your body: andGor certain .oints are Eloc2ed out.F If you are in an unbalanced stance: a sub.ect can ta2e ad$anta*e of you. If a sub.ect is in an unbalanced stance: you can ta2e ad$anta*e of the sub.ect. Awareness In order to prepare for any confrontation: you !ust be conscious of your surroundin*s. 'his !eans bein* able to identify: for e8a!ple: the nu!ber and locations of sub.ects and their friends and associates: the nu!ber and locations of bystanders: the footin*: the li*htin* conditions: and all other contributin* factors. 6ou need to $isually search each indi$idual for weapons and for bul*es under clothin* and assesses the threat le$el and !ental state of each indi$idual. A sub.ectCs hands are of ut!ost i!portance. 6ou !ust always be aware of ite!s in their hands as well as the handsC location andGor pro8i!ity to where weapons can be 2ept or concealed. &or e8a!ple: a situation in which a sub.ect has a firear! in his waistband: you !ust address the hands first: due to the fact that the firear! will not dischar*e unless the hands !anipulate the weapon. 'he sa!e rule holds true for situations where a sub.ect is not ar!ed with a weapon but he is close to one. 0ather than atte!ptin* to control the weapon: you !ust focus your efforts on tryin* to control the sub.ectCs hands: either $erbally or physically. 6ou !ust constantly e$aluate your distance fro! a sub.ect. Distance e(uals reaction ti!e. When under attac2: you need to stri$e to *ain distance in order to choose the !ost effecti$e and appropriate force option a$ailable. Althou*h !aintainin* a reasonable distance fro! a sub.ect is i!portant: 2eep in !ind there are certain situations when it !ay be ad$anta*eous to close the distance. Control Do not allow an indi$idualCs beha$ior to ad$ersely affect your actions. Durin* the course of your acti$ities: you will be sub.ected to persons displayin* hostile: uncooperati$e: and rude beha$ior. $en thou*h an

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

indi$idualCs beha$ior is ob.ectionable: !aintain a professional de!eanor. )osin* your te!per !ay lead to o$erreactin*: which !ay lead to an i!proper use of force resultin* in unnecessary in.ury andGor co!plaints. Establ s"%ent of a Stance A balanced stance is a standin* position that you ta2e to protect yourself fro! attac2 and enables you to !o$e (uic2ly in any direction. &ro! a balanced stance: you can initiate a weaponless defense techni(ue. nterview !tance In !a2in* contact with a sub.ect: ta2e an inter$iew stance or defensi$e stance. "ee &i*ure 1. 'o ta2e an inter$iew stance: co!plete the followin* steps7 1. "tand at a %+H an*le to the sub.ect and at a distance of 1 1G2 to 2 ar! len*ths. "ee &i*ure 2. 'he distance established to the sub.ect depends upon the sub.ectCs de!eanor: siDe: and escape ris2: if the sub.ect is a suspect. 2. #. %. +. Position your stron*-side foot bac2 so that your *un side is turned away fro! the sub.ect and your feet are shoulder-width apart. 'his position not only turns your *un side away fro! the sub.ect but also protects the center !ass of your body. "li*htly bend your 2nees. Position your hands loosely in front of your body.

Do not put your hands in your poc2ets or waist band or in any position which can delay usin* your hands to defend yourself. Inter$iew "tance7 "tand at a %+H an*le to the sub.ect and at a distance of 1 1G2 to 2 ar!s len*ths. Drop your stron* side foot bac2 so your wea2 side is turned toward the sub.ect.

&i*ure 1

&i*ure 2

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

Defensive !tance 'a2e a defensi$e stance when you anticipate the need to respond to or initiate a**ressi$e action. 'o ta2e a defensi$e stance: co!plete the sa!e steps in ta2in* an inter$iew stance: with the followin* e8ceptions7 1. Position your stron*-side foot farther bac2 than in the inter$iew stance so that your feet are 1 to 1 1G2 shoulder-widths apart. "ee &i*ure #.

&i*ure #7 Defensi$e "tance7 Drop your stron* side foot father bac2 than in the inter$iew stance By pro$idin* a wider base than the inter$iew stance: the defensi$e stance pro$ides *reater stability. 2. #. Bend your 2nees !ore than in the inter$iew stance: lowerin* your body for *reater stability. Brin* your hands up in front of your body to protect fro! a**ression. "ee &i*ure %.

&i*ure %7 Defensi$e "tance7 Bend your 2nees !ore than in the inter$iew stance and brin* your hands up in front of your body to protect fro! a**ression. Foot !o&e%ent Tec"n 'ues &oot !o$e!ent techni(ues allows you to !o$e forward: bac2ward: or sideways in order to a$oid contact or close with a sub.ect. &oot !o$e!ent techni(ues include the lun*e step: shuffle step: and side step. "unge !tep 'he lun*e step allows you to !o$e a short distance forward or bac2ward (uic2ly. 'o lun*e step forward: perfor! the followin* steps7 1. 2. 'a2e a broad step forward with the wea2 foot. "ee &i*ure +. Dra* the stron* foot after the wea2 foot.

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

#.

'a2e a defensi$e stance.

&i*ure +7 )un*e "tep &orward7 )un*e step forward with the wea2 foot. 'hen dra* the stron* foot after the wea2 foot and ta2e a defensi$e stance. 'o lun*e step bac2ward: perfor! the followin* steps7 1. 2. #. 'a2e a broad step bac2ward with the stron* foot. Dra* the wea2 foot after the stron* foot. 'a2e a defensi$e stance.

!huffle !tep 'he shuffle step is a techni(ue used to co$er *reater distances forward or bac2ward than the lun*e step and allows you to !o$e while !aintainin* the balance and control of a defensi$e stance. 'o shuffle step forward: perfor! the followin* steps7 1. 2. 'a2e a defensi$e stance. "lide the stron* foot up to the wea2 foot. "ee &i*ure ,.

&i*ure ,7 "huffle "tep &orward7 &ro! a defensi$e stance: slide the stron* foot up to the wea2 foot. #. "tep forward with the wea2 foot into a defensi$e stance. "ee &i*ure /.

&i*ure /7 "huffle "tep &orward7 "tep forward with the wea2 foot into a defensi$e stance.

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

%.

0epeat steps two and three as necessary.

'o shuffle step bac2ward: perfor! the followin* steps7 1. 2. #. %. 'a2e a defensi$e stance. "lide the wea2 foot bac2 to the stron* foot. "tep bac2 with the stron* foot into a defensi$e stance. 0epeat steps two and three as necessary.

!ide !tep A side step allows you to !o$e sideways: *ettin* out of a sub.ectCs line of attac2 while positionin* to defend yourself. 'o perfor! a side step: co!plete the followin* steps7 Broadly step to whiche$er side is easiest or (uic2est to *et out of the line of attac2. "tep to your wea2 side with your wea2 foot or step to your stron* side with your stron* foot. 'a2e a defensi$e stance. !ide#!tep $ivot )un*e step to the side or at a %+H an*le bac2ward with your wea2 foot and 2eep your wea2 hand up in a defensi$e !anner. "weep your stron* foot bac2 and *ain distance by ta2in* a shuffle step?s@ bac2 as necessary. 'a2e a defensi$e stance. "ee &i*ure 1 and 3. !ide#!tep !huffle !tep )un*e step to the side or at a %+H an*le bac2ward with your stron* foot and 2eep your wea2 hand up in a defensi$e !anner. Gain distance by ta2in* a shuffle step?s@ bac2 as necessary. 'a2e a defensi$e stance. "ee &i*ure 1A and 11. If the sub.ect continues to attac2: consider deli$erin* a personal weapon stri2e until you can *ain enou*h distance to assess the situation and transition to another force option.

&i*ure 1 and 37 "ide-"tep Pi$ot7 "tep to your wea2 side with your wea2 foot: sweep your stron* foot bac2: and ta2e a defensi$e stance.

&i*ure 1A7 "ide-"tep "huffle "tep7 "tep to your stron* side with your stron* foot and shuffle step bac2.

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

&i*ure 117 "ide-"tep "huffle "tep7 After co!pletin* a side-step shuffle step: ta2e a defensi$e stance facin* the sub.ect. In(ur# A&o dance Tec"n 'ues An in.ury a$oidance techni(ue is used to protect you when you fall: for e8a!ple: when pursuin* a sub.ect or when pushed by a sub.ect. Durin* a fall: your natural response is to e8tend your ar!s for protection. 8tendin* oneCs ar!s for protection: howe$er: can in.ure the ar!s: wrists: or hands and place you in dan*er if additional confrontation ensues. &oldin* the ar!s in front of or across your body both cushions the body and protects the ar!s: wrists: and hands fro! in.ury. 'o protect yourself fro! in.ury durin* a fall: use a side fall: forward roll: face fall: or bac2ward roll. )earnin* these techni(ues acti$ely shapes or EcreatesF a fall as it occurs instead of !erely sufferin* fro! a fallCs conse(uences. !ide %all A side fall protects you when fallin* to the side. 'o perfor! a side fall: co!plete the followin* steps7 Position your ar!s. %all to the &ight &old your left ar! in front of and a*ainst your body. 8tend your ri*ht ar! at a %+H an*le across the front of your body. <ic2 the ri*ht le* to the left across the front of your body. %all to the "eft &old your ri*ht ar! in front of and a*ainst your body. 8tend your left ar! at a %+H an*le across the front of your body. <ic2 your le* out in front of you. <ic2 the left le* to the ri*ht across the front of your body. 1. 2. Allow your body to fall onto your side. As you fall: slap the *round with the ar! you e8tended at a %+H an*le across the front of your body: hittin* the *round in succession with your upper ar!: your forear!: and the pal! of your hand. "ee &i*ure 12.

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

'his action diffuses the ener*y of the fall. #. 0e*ain your feet. &i*ure 127 "ide &all to the )eft7 As you fall: slap the *round with your ar! to diffuse the ener*y of the fall. %orward &oll A forward roll is perfor!ed when you are fallin* forward in order to pre$ent in.ury. In perfor!in* a forward roll: roll o$er your shoulder. 'o perfor! a forward roll: co!plete the followin* steps7 1. Deter!ine which shoulder you are *oin* to roll forward o$er. If you ha$e your ri*ht foot forward: be*in the roll o$er your ri*ht shoulder. If you ha$e your left foot forward: be*in the roll o$er your left shoulder. 2. #. Bend and curl your body. Position your ar!s and hands.

Place the hand of the shoulder o$er which you are *oin* to roll between your le*s. If you roll o$er your ri*ht shoulder: for e8a!ple: placin* your ri*ht hand between your le*s lowers your ri*ht shoulder and prepares you for the roll. "ee &i*ure 1#.

&i*ure 1#7 &orward 0oll7 Place the hand of the shoulder o$er which you are *oin* to roll between your le*s and tuc2 your chin into your chest. %. 'uc2 your chin into your chest. 6our head should not touch the *round in a forward roll. +. ,. Pushin* off with your feet: roll o$er your shoulder. 0e*ain your feet.

%ace %all A face fall is perfor!ed when you are fallin* forward and cannot perfor! a forward roll. A forward roll is the preferred techni(ue for fallin* forward because the forward roll is less li2ely than the face fall to cause in.ury. In so!e instances you will be unable to perfor! a forward roll. &or e8a!ple: you !i*ht trip or hoo2 your foot on a cord or branch. In such instances: perfor! a face fall to pre$ent in.ury. 'o perfor! a face fall: co!plete the followin* steps7

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

1. 2. #. %. +. ,.

Brin* your ar!s up in front of your chest so your forear!s are parallel with your body and your open hands are in front of your face: pal!s facin* out. Bend at the 2nees. Allow your body to fall forward. Before you !a2e contact with the *round: turn your face to the side. Allow your fin*ers: hands: and forear!s to absorb the i!pact of the fall. "ee &i*ure 1%. 0e*ain your feet.

&i*ure 1%7 &ace &all7 'urn your face to the side and allow your fin*ers: hands: and forear!s to absorb the i!pact of the fall. Bac'ward &oll A bac2ward roll is perfor!ed when you are fallin* bac2ward in order to pre$ent in.ury. 'o perfor! a bac2ward roll: co!plete the followin* steps7 1. 2. #. %. Place your hands across your chest: pal!s in: so they will not inhibit your roll. Bend your 2nees to lower your body. Curl your body. 'uc2 your chin into your chest: layin* your head on either shoulder. 'uc2in* your chin into your chest and layin* your head on your shoulder pre$ents your nec2 fro! ta2in* the force of the roll. +. Push bac2ward to be*in the roll: lettin* your buttoc2s !a2e first contact with the *round and causin* your body to roll o$er the shoulder opposite that on which you head is restin*. As you roll bac2ward: you will contact the *round with the side of your head and your shoulder. ,. 0e*ain your feet.

Escort Tec"n 'ue 'he escort techni(ue is used to physically direct a sub.ect to another location when the sub.ect does not respond to $erbal instruction. 'o perfor! the escort techni(ue: co!plete the followin* steps7

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

1. 2.

Position yourself to the side of and a little behind the sub.ect: *un side away. Grasp the sub.ect in a one-handed or two-handed *rip.

1A

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

(ne#)anded *rip With your wea2 hand: *rasp the sub.ectCs near ar! .ust abo$e the elbow. "ee &i*ure 1+.

&i*ure 1+7 scort 'echni(ue: 4ne-5anded Grip7 Position yourself to the side of and a little behind the sub.ect: *un side away. With your wea2 hand: *rasp the sub.ectCs near ar! .ust abo$e the elbow. Do not totally e8tend your ar!. <eep your elbow bent so you can !ore easily defend a*ainst resistance. Two#)anded *rip In addition to *raspin* the sub.ectCs near ar! with your wea2 hand: *rasp the sub.ectCs near wrist with your stron* hand. "ee &i*ure 1,.

&i*ure 1,7 scort 'echni(ue: 'wo-5anded Grip7 In addition to *raspin* the sub.ectCs near ar! with your wea2 hand: *rasp the sub.ectCs near wrist with your stron* hand. #. %. +. <eep your eyes trained on the sub.ectCs bac2 in order to detect resistance and 2eep the sub.ectCs other ar! in $iew. Acco!panied by correspondin* $erbal co!!ands: push the sub.ectCs ar! in the direction you want the sub.ect to !o$e. 0espond to any resistance by the sub.ect.

!ub+ect Turns into ,ou "weep your stron*-side foot behind you: !o$in* out of the line of attac2. Guide the sub.ect away fro! you by pushin* on the sub.ectCs encu!bered elbow. Apply a control hold ?see pa*e 21@ or release your *rip on the sub.ectCs ar! and disen*a*e. !ub+ect $ulls Away %rom ,ou

11

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

If possible: pre$ent the escape by applyin* a two-handed escort techni(ue: if you ha$e not already done so: *rabbin* the sub.ectCs near wrist. If you are unable to (uic2ly re*ain control: push the sub.ect away: releasin* your *rip. Personal Wea$ons Personal weapons are your hands: 2nuc2les: fin*ers: elbows: forear!s: 2nees: and feet. >sin* personal weapons a*ainst a sub.ectCs $ulnerable areas ?identified on pa*es 1# throu*h 11@ is not !eant to be the pri!ary controllin* techni(ue you use a*ainst a sub.ectI rather: usin* a personal weapon a*ainst a $ulnerable area is !eant to facilitate the e8ecution of other techni(ues. )ands 5ands can be used to stri2e: *rab: pinch: or apply pressure to a $ulnerable area. Althou*h not prohibited: caution !ust be used to pre$ent in.ury when usin* your handsGfists when stri2in* a personCs head. )eel of )and 'he heel of the hand can be used to stri2e a sub.ect. "ee &i*ure 1/.

&i*ure 1/7 5eel of 5and7 'he heel of the hand can be used to stri2e a sub.ect. )ammer %ist A ha!!er fist can be used to stri2e a sub.ect. "ee &i*ure 11.

&i*ure 117 5a!!er &ist7 A ha!!er fist can be used to stri2e a sub.ect. %inger -oints 'he second 2nuc2le of the inde8 and !iddle fin*ers can be used to apply pressure to a s!all: specific area. %ingertips 'he tips of the thu!b: inde8 fin*er: and !iddle fin*er can be used to apply pressure: especially to a tar*et which is specific and deep.

12

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

.lbow 'he elbow can be used to stri2e or to help you brea2 free of a hold. "ee &i*ure 13.

&i*ure 137 lbow7 'he elbow can be used to stri2e or to help you brea2 free of a hold. %orearm 'he forear! can be used to stri2e. "ee &i*ure 2A.

&i*ure 2A7 &orear!7 'he forear! can be used to stri2e. /nee 'he 2nee can be used to direct stri2es to the thi*h. "ee &i*ure 21.

&i*ure 217 <nee7 'he 2nee can be used to direct stri2es to the thi*h.

nside and (utside .dge of %oot 'he inside and outside ed*e of the foot can be used for scrapin* the shin and lower portions of the le*. )eel 'he heel of the foot can be used for sto!pin*. "ee &i*ure 22.

&i*ure 227 5eel7 'he heel of the foot can be used for sto!pin*.

1#

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

%ront of %oot 'he front of the foot can be used to direct stri2es to the lower le* in order to create a distraction: escape fro! a hold: or for self-defense. "ee &i*ure 2#.

&i*ure 2#7 &ront of &oot7 'he front of the foot can direct stri2es to the lower le*. )ulnerable Areas A $ulnerable area is a location on the hu!an body where you can achie$e !a8i!u! results with a !ini!u! application of your personal weapons. =ulnerable areas are identified below7 Attac2 a sub.ectCs $ulnerable areas with personal weapons whene$er necessary to distract the sub.ect andGor !a2e hi!Gher a!enable to other arrest and control techni(ues. 6ou !ay also attac2 a $ulnerable area in self-defense in order to brea2 a *rip: to escape: andGor to *ain distance. Applyin* pressure to certain $ulnerable areas is !ost effecti$e when the tar*et area is stabiliDed. 'o stabiliDe the tar*et area: use your opposite ar! or body and hold the sub.ect a*ainst an inani!ate ob.ect. )air Atte!pt to control the sub.ectCs head by *rabbin* at the base of the hair by usin* a full-hand *rab. "ee &i*ure 2%. As a distraction: facial hair can also be attac2ed.

&i*ure 2%7 5air7 >sin* a full-hand *rab: atte!pt to control the sub.ectCs head by *rabbin* the base of the hair. 0iddle /nuc'le to 0astoid >se the !iddle 2nuc2le or the tip of the thu!b to apply pressure to the point where the !andible is attached to the s2ull. Apply pressure inward toward the opposite ear and forward toward the front of the face. "ee &i*ure 2+.

1%

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

&i*ure 2+7 Middle <nuc2le to Mastoid7 >se the !iddle 2nuc2le or the tip of the thu!b to apply pressure. 1nder the -aw "ine >sin* the fin*er tips or the tip of the thu!b: apply upward pressure fro! under the !andible: pushin* toward the rear of the craniu!. "ee &i*ure 2,.

&i*ure 2,7 >nder the ;aw )ine7 >sin* the fin*er tips: apply upward pressure. 2otch at the Base of the Throat 3Trachea )ole4 >sin* the tip of the inde8 or !iddle fin*er: apply pressure to the sterno-cla$icular .unction and down into the chest ca$ity. "ee &i*ure 2/. 'his techni(ue is pri!arily used as an escape techni(ue.

&i*ure 2/7 'rachea 5ole7 Apply pressure to the sterno-cla$icular .unction. !tern#Cleidomastoid 0uscle 32erve 2e5t to Trachea4 Press down on the sterno-cleido!astoid !uscle by usin* the fin*ertips. "ee &i*ure 21.

&i*ure 217 "terno-Cleido!astoid Muscle7 >sin* the fin*ertips: *rab the sterno-cleido!astoid !uscle. !houlder 0uscle 9or!ally applied fro! the rear: use a full-hand *rab to the trapeDius !uscle. 'his techni(ue is used to place the sub.ect in a downward: off-balance position or as part of a ta2edown techni(ue. "ee &i*ure 23.

&i*ure 237 "houlder Muscle7 >se a full-hand *rab to the trapeDius !uscle.

1+

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

%inger Behind Clavicle >sin* either sin*le or !ultiple fin*er tips: apply pressure to the posterior side of the cla$icle in a downward direction into the chest ca$ity. "ee &i*ure #A.

&i*ure #A7 &in*er Behind Cla$icle7 Apply pressure to the posterior side of the cla$icle. Arm $inch Pinch the loose s2in on the inside of the upper ar! to !a2e the sub.ect release hisGher *rip. "ee &i*ure #1.

&i*ure #17 Ar! Pinch7 Pinch the inside of the upper ar! to !a2e the sub.ect release hisGher *rip. !ternum &ub 3Breastbone4 Apply pressure or rub with the 2nuc2les. 'his is a *ood wa2e-up techni(ue for an inebriated: sleepin* sub.ect who is difficult to rouse. "ee &i*ure #2.

&i*ure #27 "ternu! 0ub7 Apply pressure or rub the sternu! with the 2nuc2les !olar $le5us 'his $ulnerable area is located at the botto! of the sternu!. A flat-hand stri2e to the solar ple8us is often effecti$e to 2noc2 the wind out of a sub.ect. "ee &i*ure ##.

1,

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

&i*ure ##7 "olar Ple8us7 <noc2 the wind out of a sub.ect with a flat-hand stri2e to the solar ple8us. $ectoral or Chest 0uscle >se a full-hand *rab at the ar!pit or dri$e an i!pact weapon or the fore2nuc2le of the fist directly into the !uscle. "ee &i*ure #%. 9ote7 Do not .ab the area beneath a sub.ectCs left ar!pit with a lon* baton. 'he area beneath a sub.ectCs left ar!pit is close to the heart: and a baton .ab to the area can cause an erratic heart beat or the detach!ent of arteries.

&i*ure #%7 Pectoral Muscle7 >se a full hand *rab at the ar!pit or dri$e an i!pact weapon or 2nuc2le into the pectoral !uscle. !ide of &ib Cage >se a ha!!er fist: pal!: forear!: or elbow to stri2e the side of the rib ca*e. *roin 'he *roin is located on the lower abdo!en directly abo$e the *enitals. &or distraction: po2e the *roin with the tip of the thu!b. Do not stri2e the *enitals. "ee &i*ure #+.

&i*ure #+7 Groin7 Apply sudden pressure to the *roin with the tip of the thu!b. Bac' of the )and >sin* the second 2nuc2le of the !iddle fin*er or an i!pact weapon: sharply stri2e or apply pressure to the bony area on the bac2 of the hand. 'his techni(ue is effecti$e for forcin* a sub.ect to drop an ob.ect heG is holdin* or to *ain release fro! a hold such as a bear hu*. "ee &i*ure #,.

&i*ure #,7 Bac2 of 5and7 "tri2e or apply pressure to the bac2 of the hand to force the sub.ect to drop an ob.ect or to *ain release fro! a bear hu*.

1/

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

11

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

.ar $inch Pinch an ear lobe. Pinchin* an ear lobe is a *ood wa2e-up techni(ue for an inebriated: sleepin* sub.ect who is difficult to rouse and fails to respond to $erbal co!!ands. "ee &i*ure #/.

&i*ure #/7 ar Pinch7 Pinch an ear lobe to wa2e up an inebriated: sleepin* sub.ect. 2ose 2erve 'o draw a sub.ectCs head bac2: apply pressure to the ner$e below the nose on the upper lip. "ee &i*ure #1.

&i*ure #17 9ose 9er$e7 'o draw a sub.ectCs head bac2: apply pressure to the ner$e below the nose on the upper lip. 0uscles of the Thigh 'his tar*et area includes all of the !uscles of the thi*h: includin* the (uadriceps and the ha!strin*s. Attac2 with the 2nee or with an i!pact weapon. "ee &i*ure #3.

&i*ure #37 'hi*h7 Attac2 all the !uscles of the thi*h with the 2nee or an i!pact weapon. 9ote7 Blows with a lon* baton to lar*e !uscle *roups such as the biceps: triceps: buttoc2s: and thi*hs !ay be ineffecti$e and not stop an a**ressor. nner Thigh *rab Grasp the !uscle of the inner thi*h in a full-handed *rasp. "ee &i*ure %A.

13

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

&i*ure %A7 Inner 'hi*h Grab7 Grab the !uscle of the inner thi*h. /ic' to !hin <ic2 to the shin with the bac2 or front of foot to distract the sub.ect or to *ain release fro! a *rip. "ee &i*ure %1.

&i*ure %17 <ic2 to "hin7 <ic2 with the bac2 or front of the foot to distract the sub.ect or *ain release fro! a *rip. %oot !tomp Attac2 the top of the foot with your foot or an i!pact weapon. "ee &i*ure %2.

&i*ure %27 &oot "to!p7 Attac2 the top of the foot. Control *olds A control hold is applied to o$erco!e a sub.ectCs resistance. 4ften: a control hold o$erco!es the sub.ectCs resistance by causin* the sub.ect disco!fort. When applyin* a control hold: use only the a!ount of disco!fort re(uired to establish control. In so!e situations: you ha$e a choice of control holds. 6ou !i*ht select a control hold because of your s2ill or fa!iliarity with a techni(ue. 4r you !i*ht select a control hold because of the sub.ectCs physical position. If: for e8a!ple: a sub.ect e8tends his forear! parallel to the *round: you !i*ht apply a bent-wrist control hold. If a sub.ect raises his elbow so that his forear! drops perpendicular to the *round: you !i*ht apply a twist-loc2 control hold or an ar!-bar ha!!erloc2. If a sub.ect is seated: you !i*ht apply a twist-loc2 control hold to raise the sub.ect up. Control holds a$ailable to you are the bent-wrist control hold: twist-loc2 control hold: and ar!-bar ha!!erloc2. 'he situations in which you apply a control hold are fluid and (uic2ly chan*in*. 'he instructions that follow be*in with you positionin* a sub.ect usin* the escort techni(ue in order to establish the relati$e position of you and the sub.ect. In the field: you !ay be called upon to initiate a control hold fro! a $ariety of positions.

2A

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

Bent#6rist Control )olds 'here are two bent-wrist control hold techni(ues J a bent-wrist: two-handed control hold and a bent-wrist: one-handed control hold. Bent#6rist7 Two#)anded Control )old A bent-wrist: two-handed control hold is used when you can e8ecute the escort techni(ue or when the sub.ect presents hisGher forear! parallel to the *round. 'o perfor! a bent-wrist: two-handed control hold: co!plete the followin* steps7 1. 2. Approach the sub.ect and co!plete the escort techni(ue with a two-handed *rip. "lide your stron* hand fro! the sub.ectCs wrist to the bac2 of the sub.ectCs hand so the pal! of your hand co$ers the bac2 of the sub.ectCs hand. "ee &i*ure %#.

&i*ure %#7 Bent-Wrist: 'wo-5anded Control 5old7 "lide your stron* hand to the bac2 of the sub.ectCs hand so the pal! of your hand co$ers the bac2 of the sub.ectCs hand. #. %. <eepin* the sub.ectCs upper ar! perpendicular to the *round: raise the sub.ectCs forear! and encu!bered hand with your stron* hand to a position hi*her than the sub.ectCs encu!bered elbow. Apply disco!fort: by forcin* the sub.ectCs hand down toward hisGher own forear! while supportin* the sub.ectCs encu!bered elbow with your wea2 hand. "ee &i*ure %%.

&i*ure %%7 Bent-Wrist: 'wo-5anded Control 5old7 Apply disco!fort: by forcin* the sub.ectCs hand down toward hisGher own forear! while supportin* the sub.ectCs encu!bered elbow with your wea2 hand.

21

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

Bent#6rist7 (ne#)anded Control )old 'he bent-wrist: one-handed control hold is used when you can e8ecute the escort techni(ue or when the sub.ect presents hisGher forear! parallel to the *round. A bent-wrist: one-handed control hold is harder to escape fro! and secures a sub.ect !ore fir!ly than a bent-wrist: two-handed control hold. Different fro! a bent-wrist: two-handed control hold: a bent-wrist: one-handed control hold also frees one of your hands. 'o perfor! a bent-wrist: one-handed control hold: co!plete the followin* steps7 1. 2. #. Apply a bent-wrist two-handed control hold on the sub.ect. >sin* your wea2 hand: place the sub.ectCs encu!bered elbow a*ainst your wea2 side: which is your side closest the sub.ect. By applyin* tension to the bac2 of the sub.ectCs encu!bered hand and releasin* the *rip of your wea2 hand on the sub.ectCs ar!: direct the sub.ectCs elbow below your wea2-side ar! pit: trappin* the sub.ectCs ar!. Maintainin* tension on the sub.ectCs wrist: place your wea2 hand on top of your stron* hand. Maintainin* tension on the sub.ectCs wrist: re!o$e your stron* hand fro! the sub.ectCs hand. "ee &i*ure %+ and %,.

%. +.

'his control hold can be !aintained with only the wea2-hand *rip on the sub.ectCs hand. &or added support: place your stron* hand on top of your wea2 hand.

&i*ure %+7 Bent-Wrist: 4ne-5anded Control 5old7 With the sub.ectCs elbow secured in your wea2-side ar! pit: use your wea2 hand to !aintain tension on the sub.ectCs wrist.

22

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

&i*ure %,7 Bent-Wrist: 4ne-5anded Control 5old7 >se your wea2 hand to !aintain tension on the sub.ectCs wrist. Twist#"oc' Control )old 'he twist-loc2 control hold is used when you can e8ecute the escort techni(ue or when the sub.ect presents hisGher forear! perpendicular to the *round. A!on* other uses: the twist-loc2 control hold is an effecti$e control hold for raisin* a sittin* sub.ect fro! the *round. 'o perfor! a twist-loc2 control hold: co!plete the followin* steps7 1. 2. #. %. +. ,. Approach the sub.ect and co!plete the escort techni(ue with a two-handed *rip. >sin* both hands: raise the sub.ectCs elbow until hisGher forear! is perpendicular to the *round. With your stron* hand: twist the sub.ectCs wrist so that the sub.ectCs pal! faces you. 0elease your wea2 hand fro! its *rip abo$e the sub.ectCs elbow. + With your wea2 hand: *rasp the bac2 of the sub.ectCs encu!bered hand. With your wea2 hand: apply disco!fort: by twistin* the sub.ectCs hand. 'wistin* the sub.ectCs hand will cause the sub.ect to !o$e bac2 in an atte!pt to alle$iate the pain. >se the forear! of your wea2 ar! to stop the sub.ectCs bac2ward !o$e!ent. /. 1. 0elease the *rip of your stron* hand on the sub.ectCs wrist and *rasp the sub.ectCs encu!bered fin*ers to help twist the sub.ectCs hand and ar!. If re(uired to !ana*e a resistin* sub.ect: apply *reater tension by applyin* a twistin* !otion with both your hands. "ee &i*ure %/.

&i*ure %/7 'wist-)oc2 Control 5old7 With your wea2 hand apply disco!fort by twistin* the sub.ectCs hand. With your stron* hand: *rasp the sub.ectCs encu!bered fin*ers and apply tension by twistin*. 'o pre$ent escape: hold the sub.ectCs elbow hi*h. 9otice in &i*ure %1 how the forear! of your wea2 ar! stops the sub.ect fro! !o$in* bac2.

2#

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

&i*ure %17 'wist-)oc2 Control 5old7 'he forear! of your wea2 ar! stops the sub.ect fro! !o$in* bac2 to alle$iate the pain. <eep the sub.ectCs elbow hi*h.

Arm#Bar )ammerloc' 'he ar!-bar ha!!erloc2 is used when you can e8ecute the escort techni(ue or when the sub.ect presents hisGher forear! perpendicular to the *round. 'o perfor! an ar!-bar ha!!erloc2: co!plete the followin* steps7 1. 2. #. %. Approach the sub.ect and co!plete the escort techni(ue with a two-handed *rip. With your wea2 hand: raise the sub.ectCs elbow until the forear! is perpendicular to the *round. 0elease the *rip of your wea2 hand fro! abo$e the sub.ectCs elbow. Place the 2nife ed*e of your wea2 hand at the sub.ectCs encu!bered elbow and force the elbow down: brin*in* the sub.ectCs forear! behind hisGher bac2 with your stron* hand. "ee &i*ure %3.

&i*ure %37 Ar!-Bar 5a!!erloc27 Place the 2nife ed*e of your wea2 hand at the sub.ectCs elbow and force the elbow down: brin*in* the sub.ectCs forear! behind hisGher bac2 with your stron* hand. +. >sin* your stron* hand: raise the sub.ectCs encu!bered hand and place it on top your wea2 ar!. "ee &i*ure +A.

&i*ure +A7 Ar!-Bar 5a!!erloc27 Place the sub.ectCs encu!bered hand on top your wea2 ar!. ,. Apply pressure to the sub.ectCs shoulder by pushin* down with your wea2 hand andGor by raisin* up with your wea2 elbow. >lti!ately: you want to position the sub.ect so heGshe leans bac2 into you. /. 'o pre$ent the sub.ect fro! steppin* forward and twistin* out of the ar!-bar ha!!erloc2: perfor! actions such as the followin*7

2%

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

Position the front of the sub.ect a*ainst an i!!obile ob.ect ?i.e. a wall: a par2ed car: the floor: etc.@. "ee &i*ure +1. "(ueeDe the trapeDius !uscle on the opposite side of the sub.ectCs encu!bered ar!. Grab the sub.ectCs hair. Apply pressure to the ner$e inside the sub.ectCs front deltoid.

&i*ure +17 Ar!-Bar 5a!!erloc27 Position the sub.ect a*ainst an i!!obile ob.ect to pre$ent the sub.ect fro! twistin* out of the ha!!erloc2. Ta+edo,n Tec"n 'ues A ta2edown techni(ue is used to place a sub.ect in a position of disad$anta*e on the *round. In so!e instances: you !i*ht use a ta2edown techni(ue to position a sub.ect so you can apply a carotid restraint. 'he ele!ent of surprise is a !a.or factor in the success of ta2edowns especially when the initial approach is fro! behind the sub.ect. 'a2edown techni(ues a$ailable to you include the ta2edown fro! the rear: the carotid restraint ta2edown: the le*-sweep ta2edown: and the ar!-bar ta2edown. "eg#!weep Ta'edown 'he le*-sweep ta2edown is used when you are facin* the sub.ect. 'o perfor! the le*-sweep ta2edown: co!plete the followin* steps7 1. 2. #. %. With the wea2 foot: lun*e step toward the sub.ectCs near side. With the wea2 hand: *rasp the sub.ectCs clothin* at the near shoulder. Pi$otin* on your wea2 foot: !o$e to a position in which your stron* side is ne8t to the sub.ectCs near side. Perfor!in* the followin* actions si!ultaneously: force the sub.ect to the *round. "ee &i*ure +2.

2+

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

&i*ure +27 )e*-"weep 'a2edown7 Pull down on the sub.ectCs clothin* with your wea2 handI pal! stri2e the sub.ectCs sternu! with your stron* handI and 2noc2 the sub.ectCs near le* off the *round by 2ic2in* bac2ward with your stron* foot. With your wea2 hand: pull down on the sub.ectCs clothin*. With your stron* hand: pal! stri2e the sub.ectCs sternu!. With your stron* foot: 2ic2 bac2 between the sub.ectCs le*s: 2noc2in* the sub.ectCs near le* off the *round fro! behind. +. &ollow throu*h: as necessary: to brin* the sub.ect to the *round. "ee &i*ure +#.

&i*ure +#7 )e*-"weep 'a2edown7 &ollow throu*h: as necessary: to brin* the sub.ect to the *round. ,. If appropriate: apply a control hold. "ee &i*ure +%.

&i*ure +%7 )e*-"weep 'a2edown7 Apply a control hold if necessary Arm#Bar Ta'edown 'he ar!-bar ta2edown is used when a sub.ect e8tends hisGher ar! or resists the escort techni(ue by loc2in* out hisGher elbow. 'o perfor! an ar!-bar ta2edown fro! the position established by the escort techni(ue: co!plete the followin* steps7 1. 2. 0e!o$e your wea2 hand fro! abo$e the sub.ectCs elbow. >se the 2nife ed*e of your wea2 hand to stri2e across the tricep of the sub.ectCs e8tended ar!: forcin* the ar! to roll forward and the elbow to unloc2. "ee &i*ure ++.

&i*ure ++

2,

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

Ar!-Bar 'a2edown7 >se the 2nife ed*e of your wea2 hand to stri2e across the tricep of the sub.ectCs e8tended ar!: forcin* the ar! to roll forward and the elbow to unloc2. #. By continuin* to apply pressure at or abo$e the sub.ectCs elbow with your wea2 hand or forear! and by liftin* the sub.ectCs wrist with your stron* hand: force the sub.ect to the *round. 'his techni(ue can also be perfor!ed while shiftin* your stron* foot bac2 and usin* !o!entu! as well as pressure on the elbow to brin* the sub.ect to the *round. %. By continuin* to apply pressure at the sub.ectCs elbow with your wea2 hand: !aintain control of the sub.ect on the *round. "ee &i*ure +,.

&i*ure +, Ar!-Bar 'a2edown7 By continuin* to apply pressure at or abo$e the sub.ectCs elbow with your wea2 hand: !aintain control of the sub.ect on the *round. +. If appropriate: apply a control hold.

Arm#Bar Ta'edown 3%orward movement4 Another option for the ar!-bar ta2edown is to perfor! it while !o$in* in a forward direction ?"ee &i*ure +/ &ra!es 1-+@. stablish a two handed escort *rip and co!plete the followin*7

&i*ure +/

&ra!e 1

&ra!e 2

&ra!e #

&ra!e % 1. 2. 0e!o$e your wea2 hand fro! abo$e the sub.ectCs elbow

&ra!e +

>se the 2nife ed*e of your wea2 hand to stri2e across the tricep of the sub.ectCs e8tended ar!: forcin* the ar! to roll forward and the elbow to unloc2.

2/

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

#. %. +.

'a2e one step forward with your wea2 foot: then step forward a*ain with your stron* foot. 'a2e a defensi$e stance at an an*le in front of the sub.ect as you !o$e your wea2 hand onto the elbow. "huffle step bac2 as you apply controlled pressure on the sub.ectCs elbow. Direct the sub.ect face down on the *round by pullin* and dra**in*. If appropriate: apply a control hold.

21

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

Carotid &estraint Ta'edown from the &ear >se the carotid restraint ta2edown when you are standin* behind a sub.ect and want to brin* the sub.ect to a seated position in order to apply the carotid restraint techni(ue ?"ee &i*ure +1 &ra!es 1-+@. 1. 2. 'a2e a defensi$e stance behind the sub.ect. Place your stron* hand on the sub.ectCs forehead.

&i*ure +1 &ra!e 1 #. Pull the sub.ectCs head bac2 onto your wea2 chest.

&ra!e 2 %. ncircle the nec2 and cup the fist. Ali*n your elbow to the sub.ectCs chin.

&ra!e # +. Dri$e your wea2 elbow down onto the sub.ectCs sternu! forcin* the sub.ect into a seated position.

&ra!e %

23

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

,.

Drop your wea2 2nee down onto the *round and 2eep your stron* 2nee upri*ht. 6ou !ay need to ad.ust your stron* 2nee in order to pre$ent the sub.ect fro! escapin*. As you deli$er the sub.ect to the *round: you are in a *ood position to apply the carotid restraint.

&ra!e +

Ta+edo,n Defense Always be aware of the distance between yourself and the sub.ect and !a2e ad.ust!ents as necessary. A sub.ect forcin* you down to the *round and *ainin* a superior position can pro$e to be a potentially deadly situation. If a sub.ect atte!pts to ta2e you down: you !ust create distance by utiliDin* a side step ?lateral !o$e!ent@ techni(ue coupled with the use of a personal weapon: if necessary ?"ee &i*ure +3 &ra!es 1-/@. Althou*h footwor2 is essential to *ain distance and a$oid bein* ta2en down: there !ay be situations when the sub.ect is able to close the distance prior to your side step. If you feel that it is too late to utiliDe footwor2 to *et away: then consider perfor!in* the ta2edown defense techni(ue listed below. 'he ta2edown defense is specifically for those ta2edown techni(ues which tar*et the waist: hips: or le*s. 1. 2. )ower your stance and bend your torso forward at an an*le. 'uc2 your stron* elbow in while 2eepin* your wea2 hand up in a defensi$e !anner. As the sub.ect dri$es forward toward you: catch the sub.ectCs shoulder or ar! with your stron* ar!. Place your wea2 ar! on top of the sub.ectCs bac2 or shoulder. If the sub.ect atte!pts to reach for your weapon while in this position: then dri$e your stron* ar! forward. #. %. +. 8tend your le*s bac2ward and spread your feet apart to !aintain your balance. )ower your hips to stop the sub.ect fro! continuin* toward you. 4nce the sub.ectCs !o$e!ent has stopped: use your wea2 hand to push yourself off the sub.ect and !o$e to your wea2 side. Perfor! a side step pi$ot techni(ue. When you are ready to !o$e away fro! the sub.ect: it is i!portant to !o$e laterally rather than bac2. A bac2wards !o$e!ent can !a2e you susceptible to bein* ta2en down a*ain.

#A

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

&i*ure +3

&ra!e 1

&ra!e 2

&ra!e #

&ra!e % Ground Defense

&ra!e +

&ra!e ,

&ra!e /

Physical altercations typically end with one or both indi$iduals on the *round. 6ou !ust endea$or not in en*a*e in a wrestlin* situation with a sub.ectI howe$er: if you !ust: use one of the ta2edown techni(ues andGor control holds on the *round to o$erco!e a sub.ectCs resistance. $er e$ol$in* street tactics and street fi*htin* increases the possibility of you bein* ta2en down to the *round. 6ou !ust be prepared to defend yourself otherwise the results can be fatal. 6our *oal when ta2en down to the *round is to escape the hold: *et bac2 to a standin* position: and *ain distance. .scape the mount position 3!ee %igure 89 %rames :#;4. 'o perfor! the escape the !ount techni(ue: perfor! the steps listed below. 1. Dri$e your hips up so that the only parts of your body touchin* the floor are your feet and upper bac2. 'his step is not only i!portant to *et the sub.ect off balance but also to !o!entarily stop the sub.ect fro! stri2in* down to you. 2. #. %. 8tend your wea2 hand past your head and in between the sub.ectCs ar!s. ncircle and trap the sub.ectCs ar!. Place your wea2 foot on the outer part of the sub.ectCs an2le. Place your stron* hand on the sub.ectCs hip. 0oll o$er your wea2 shoulder. ItCs i!portant to roll in an an*le as opposed to rollin* to the side. When perfor!ed properly: the sub.ect will land on his bac2.

#1

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

+.

If you are not able to stand up and *ain distance ?i.e.: the sub.ect has his le*s wrapped around you@: then deli$er a stri2e to a $ulnerable area in order to distract or disorient the sub.ect.

&i*ure ,A

&ra!e 1

&ra!e 2

&ra!e #

&ra!e % Wea$on Retent on

&ra!e +

&ra!e ,

&ra!e /

A weapon retention techni(ue is a series of steps you perfor! to !aintain control of your weapon ?firear!@ when a sub.ect atte!pts to ta2e the firear!. If you encounter resistance durin* a weapon-retention techni(ue: use your personal weapons to attac2 the sub.ectCs $ulnerable areas: distractin* or disorientin* the sub.ect so you can co!plete the techni(ue and !aintain control of the weapon. >se a weapon retention techni(ue for both a holstered and an unholstered weapon. )olstered 6eapon Weapon retention of a holstered weapon is the techni(ue you use when a sub.ect atte!pts to re!o$e your weapon ?hand*un@ fro! its holster. "ee &i*ure ,1.

&i*ure ,1 0etention of a 5olstered Weapon 6ou can use this techni(ue when the sub.ect is standin* before or behind you. 'o perfor! weapon retention of a holstered weapon: co!plete the followin* steps7 1. Grab the rear of the holster with your stron* hand: placin* the web of your handKthe part between the thu!b and inde8 fin*erKon top of the weaponCs tri**er *uard: protectin* the holsterCs lower snap.

#2

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

2.

Grab the top of the holster with your wea2 hand: co$erin* the holsterCs top snap. "ee &i*ure ,2.

&i*ure ,2 0etention of a 5olstered Weapon7 Place the web of your hand on top the weaponCs tri**er *uard and your thu!b o$er the holsterCs lower snap. Grab the top of the holster with your wea2 hand: co$erin* the holsterCs top snap. Do not trap the sub.ectCs hand on the weapon or holster. 6ou want the sub.ect to release hisGher *rip fro! the weapon or holster. &or Auto!atic )oc2in* "yste! ?A)"@ holsters: *rab the rear of the holster with your stron* hand: placin* the web of your hand on top of the weaponCs tri**er *uard pro$idin* and anchor for your wea2 hand. Place the web of your wea2 hand - the part between the thu!b and inde8 fin*er around the hood *uard and rotatin* hood of the holster. >se the fin*ers of your wea2 hand to *rab the fin*ers of your stron* hand. 4nce your hands are positioned: continue with the followin* steps7 #. <eepin* your hands on the holster: spin toward the outside of the sub.ectCs e8tended ar!: placin* !a8i!u! tension on the sub.ectCs elbow. "ee &i*ure ,#.

&i*ure ,# 0etention of a 5olstered Weapon7 Luic2ly spin toward the outside of the sub.ectCs e8tended ar!: placin* !a8i!u! tension on the sub.ectCs elbow. 'he tension your body places on the sub.ectCs elbow ou*ht to !a2e the sub.ect release hisGher *rip on the weapon. 1nholstered 6eapon Weapon retention of an unholstered weapon is the techni(ue you perfor! to release a sub.ectCs *rip on your unholstered weapon. 'his techni(ue ta2es you are facin* the sub.ect and your unholstered weapon is pointed at the sub.ect. 'o perfor! weapon retention of an unholstered weapon: co!plete the followin* steps7 1. 2. With your wea2 foot: step toward the sub.ect and establish a balanced stance. 'a2e a lun*e step forward with your wea2 foot and dri$e the butt of the weapon forward. Direct the *un barrel up: !a2in* the barrel perpendicular to the *round: which places tension on the sub.ectCs wrist. Maintain your !aster and support *rip on the weapon.

##

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

Do not trap the sub.ectCs hand on the weapon. 6ou want the sub.ect to release hisGher *rip on the weapon. "ee &i*ure ,%. #. %. "huffle step bac2 as you abruptly pull the weapon bac2 to retain it. If the actions described abo$e do not !a2e the sub.ect release hisGher *rip on the *un: use your personal weapons to attac2 the sub.ectCs $ulnerable areas.

&i*ure ,%7 0etention of an >nholstered Weapon7 'a2e a lun*e step forward with your wea2 foot and dri$e the butt of the weapon forward. Direct the *un barrel up: !a2in* the barrel perpendicular to the *round: which places tension on the sub.ectCs wrist. Gun Ta+ea,a#s A *un ta2eaway is a techni(ue to disar! a sub.ect in close pro8i!ity who is pointin* a firear! at you. 'he *oal of any *un ta2eaway is to disar! the sub.ect. In order of priority: you !ust acco!plish this by *ettin* out of the line of fire: controllin* the *un: and ta2in* the *un away. When you encounter stron* resistance durin* any ta2eaway techni(ue: apply personal weapons to the sub.ectCs $ulnerable areas in order to distract the sub.ect and co!plete the techni(ue. Gun ta2eaway techni(ues a$ailable include7 hand*un fro! the front: hand*un fro! the rear: lon*-barrel firear! fro! the front: and lon*-barrel firear! fro! the rear. Before perfor!in* any ta2eaway techni(ue: you need to use a $erbal distraction to *et the sub.ect to focus on what you are sayin*. 'his type of distraction allows you to use the ele!ent of surprise to perfor! the techni(ue. ach *un ta2eaway techni(ue is perfor!ed when your hands are raised to the hei*ht le$el of the *un. 'his position places your hands closer to the barrel of the *un which !a2es for a shorter and faster !o$e!ent. Because you are usin* the ele!ent of surprise: you !ust anticipate the possibility that the *un !ay dischar*e. )andgun from the %ront Ta'eaway 5and*un fro! the front is a techni(ue to disar! a sub.ect who is pointin* a hand*un at you. "ee &i*ure ,+.

&i*ure ,+7 5and*un fro! the &ront7 'he purpose is to disar! a sub.ect who is pointin* a hand*un at you.

#%

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

'o perfor! a hand*un fro! the front ta2eaway: co!plete the followin* steps7 1. With your stron* hand: reach for the hand*un. 8tend your stron* ar!: loc2in* the elbow. 'hrow your wea2 hand to the rear of your body to increase your speed: establish a counterbalance stance: and help your upper body pi$ot. "ee &i*ure ,,.

&i*ure ,,7 5and*un fro! the &ront7 >se your stron* hand to push the hand*unCs barrel away fro! you. )oc2 your stron* ar! out. 'hrow your wea2 hand to the rear of your body to help your body pi$ot. 2. Grab the hand*un in your stron* hand. Place your thu!b under the hand*unCs barrel: your fin*ers or the pal! of your hand o$er the *unCs cylinder or slide: and ideally: place your little fin*er behind the *unCs ha!!er. #. %. >se your stron* hand to push the hand*un barrel away fro! you. )oc2 your stron* ar! out. With your wea2 hand pal! up: *rab the *un barrel. nsure that you donCt !as2 your hand. "ee &i*ure ,/.

&i*ure ,/7 5and*un fro! the &ront7 Place your stron*hand thu!b under the *unCs barrel: your fin*ers or the pal! of your hand o$er the *unsC cylinder or slide: and your little fin*er behind the *unCs ha!!er. With your wea2 hand: *rab the *un barrel. +. ,. >sin* both hands: turn the hand*unCs barrel farther away fro! you and toward the sub.ect in a !otion consistent with swin*in* a bat. "tep bac2 with your stron* foot: ta2in* the hand*un out of the sub.ectCs hands.

#+

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

)andgun from the &ear Ta'eaway 5and*un fro! the rear is a techni(ue to disar! a sub.ect standin* behind and pointin* a hand*un at you. "ee &i*ure ,1.

&i*ure ,17 5and*un fro! the 0ear7 'he purpose is to disar! a sub.ect who is standin* behind and pointin* a *un at you. Before perfor!in* any hand*un fro! the rear ta2eaway: you !ust first 2now where the hand*un is bein* pointed. )oo2in* bac2 at the sub.ect can raise the sub.ectCs suspicion that you are about to act. In order to find the hand*unCs location: you can step bac2 until you feel the *un on your bac2. 4nce you 2now where the hand*un is located you are prepared to perfor! the techni(ue. 'o perfor! a hand*un fro! the rear ta2eaway: co!plete the followin* steps7 1. "win* your left foot bac2: pi$otin* on your stron* foot: to turn and face the sub.ect. When youC$e turned around: place your wea2 foot at an an*le towards the sub.ectCs ri*ht side. As you turn: loc2 your wea2 ar! in a ri*ht an*le at the elbow: positionin* your forear! perpendicular to the *round. If the *un is hi*h: place your forear! in an upri*ht position to redirect the *un and to *et out of the line of fire. If the *un is low: place your forear! in a downward an*le to redirect the *un and *et out of the line of fire. 8tend your stron* ar! out to increase your speed and act as a counterbalance. As you co!plete your turn: step bac2 with your wea2 foot. 2. As you turn with your wea2 ar! loc2ed at a ri*ht an*le: force the *un to point away fro! you. "ee &i*ure ,3.

&i*ure ,37 5and*un fro! 0ear 'a2eaway7 Pi$ot on your stron* foot to your wea2 side. Ma2e your wea2 ar! perpendicular to the *round. With your wea2 ar!: push the *un away. 'he steps that follow are the sa!e steps as you perfor! for 5and*un fro! the &ront 'a2eaway7

#,

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

#.

Grab the hand*un in your stron* hand. "ee &i*ure /A. Place your thu!b under the *unCs barrel: your fin*ers or the pal! of your hand o$er the *unCs cylinder or slide: and your little fin*er behind the *unCs ha!!er.

&i*ure /A7 5and*un fro! 0ear 'a2eaway7 Grab the hand*un in your stron* hand. %. +. ,. /. >se your stron* hand to push the hand*unCs barrel away fro! you. )oc2 your stron* ar! out. With your wea2 hand pal! up: *rab the hand*unCs barrel. nsure that you donCt !as2 your hand. >sin* both hands: turn the *un barrel farther away fro! you and toward the sub.ect. "tep bac2 with your stron* foot: ta2in* the *un out of the sub.ectCs hands.

"ong#Barrel %irearm from the %ront Ta'eaway )on*-barrel firear! fro! the front is a techni(ue to disar! a sub.ect who is pointin* a lon*-barreled firear! at you. "ee &i*ure /1.

&i*ure /17 )on*-Barrel &irear! fro! the &ront 'a2eaway7 'he purpose is to disar! a sub.ect who is pointin* a lon*-barreled firear! at you. 'o perfor! a lon*-barrel firear! fro! the front ta2eaway: co!plete the followin* steps7 1. With your stron* hand: reach for and *rab the firear! barrel. As you e8tend your stron* hand: throw your wea2 hand to the rear of your body to increase your speed: establish a counterbalance: and help your upper body pi$ot. "ee &i*ure /2.

&i*ure /27 )on*-Barrel &irear! fro! the &ront 'a2eaway7 With your stron* hand: reach for and *rab the firear! barrelI throw your wea2 hand to the rear of your body as a counterbalance.

#/

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

2. #. %. +.

8tend your stron* ar!: loc2in* the elbow and pushin* the firear! away. "tep toward the sub.ect with your wea2 foot. Direct the *unCs barrel up while 2eepin* your stron* ar! loc2ed. With your wea2 hand: *rab the butt of the *un. "ee &i*ure /#.

&i*ure /#7 )on*-Barrel &irear! fro! the &ront 'a2eaway7 With your stron* hand: raise the *un barrel up. With your wea2 hand: *rab the butt of the weapon. ,. /. <eepin* your stron* ar! loc2ed: pull the butt of the firear! toward you with your wea2 hand. "tep bac2 with your wea2 foot: ta2in* the firear! fro! the sub.ect. Mo$e your stron* foot bac2 to 2eep your holstered hand*un away fro! the sub.ect.

"ong#Barrel %irearm from the &ear Ta'eaway )on*-barrel firear! fro! the rear is a techni(ue to disar! a sub.ect standin* behind and pointin* a lon*barreled firear! at you. "ee &i*ure /%.

&i*ure /%7 )on*-Barrel &irear! fro! the 0ear 'a2eaway7 'he purpose is to disar! a sub.ect standin* behind and pointin* a lon*-barrel firear! at you. 'o perfor! a lon*-barrel firear! fro! the rear ta2eaway: co!plete the followin* steps7 'hese steps are si!ilar to the steps you co!plete to perfor! a hand*un fro! the rear ta2eaway. 1. "win* your left foot bac2: pi$otin* on your stron* foot: to turn and face the sub.ect. When youC$e turned around: place your wea2 foot at an an*le towards the sub.ectCs ri*ht side. As you turn: loc2 your wea2 ar! in a ri*ht an*le at the elbow: positionin* your forear! perpendicular to the *round. If the *un is hi*h: place your forear! in an upri*ht position to redirect the *un and *et out of the line of fire. If the *un is low: place your forear! in a downward an*le to redirect the *un and *et out of the line of fire. 8tend your stron* ar! out to increase your speed and act as a counterbalance. As you co!plete your turn: step bac2 with your wea2 foot.

#1

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

As you turn with your wea2 ar! loc2ed at a ri*ht an*le: force the *un to point away fro! you. "ee &i*ure /+.

&i*ure /+7 )on*-Barrel &irear! fro! the 0ear 'a2eaway7 Pi$ot on your stron* foot and push the lon*barrel firear! away with your wea2 ar!. 2. With your stron* hand: *rab the barrel of the weapon and direct it up and toward the sub.ect as you step forward with your wea2 foot. <eep your stron* ar! loc2ed. "ee &i*ure /,.

&i*ure /,7 )on*-Barrel &irear! fro! the 0ear 'a2eaway7 With your stron* hand: *rab the barrel of the weapon and push it up and away. #. %. +. With your wea2 hand: *rab the butt of the weapon. <eepin* your stron* ar! loc2ed: pull the butt of the weapon toward you with your wea2 hand. "tep bac2 with your wea2 foot: ta2in* the weapon fro! the sub.ect. Mo$e your stron* foot bac2 to 2eep your holstered hand*un away fro! the sub.ect.

Carot d Restra nt 'he infor!ation contained in this section is ta2en directly fro! P4"' Basic Course Instructor >nit Guide for )earnin* Do!ain M##: Chapter %: Carotid 0estraint Control 5old. -ustification for 1se of the Carotid &estraint Control )old 'he carotid restraint control hold offers you a !ethod for controllin* a $iolently resistin* sub.ect. 'he carotid restraint control hold is a nec2 restraint where you use continuous lateral co!pression of the carotid arteries at the sides of the sub.ectCs nec2 in order to *ain i!!ediate co!pliance or control of a $iolent sub.ect. 'his ad$anta*e enables you to *ain i!!ediate control of the sub.ect when applied properly. .ffects of the Carotid &estraint Control )old on the Body <nowled*e of the basic structure of the nec2 and nor!al function enables you to understand what is happenin* to the sub.ectCs body durin* the ti!e period the carotid restraint control hold is bein* applied to *ain co!pliance and control of a sub.ect.

#3

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

'he basic structures of the hu!an nec2 that can be affected by the use of a carotid restraint control hold are illustrated in &i*ure //.

&i*ure //7 Basic structures of the hu!an nec2 that can be affected by the carotid restraint control hold. Part 5yoid Bone Cricoid Cartila*e 'hyroid Cartila*e 'hyroid Cartila*e 'ip 'rachea Carotid Artery Internal ;u*ular =ein 8ternal ;u*ular =ein Carotid "inus =a*us 9er$e Portion of the thyroid cartila*e that is connected to the trachea Airway ?windpipe@ e8tendin* fro! the laryn8 Pri!ary artery that carries o8y*en rich blood to the brain Pri!ary $ein that carries blood away fro! the brain =ein that caries blood away fro! the facial $essels 9etwor2 of cardiac ner$es 9er$e that re*ulates the heart and lun*s Descr $t on - Funct on Bone located at the base of the ton*ue Cartila*e protectin* the laryn8 ?$oice bo8@

&i*ure //7 &unctions of the basic structures of the hu!an nec2 that can be affected by the carotid restraint control hold. Pressure is applied to both sides of the sub.ectCs nec2 durin* the application of the carotid restraint control hold. 'here are three ?#@ pri!ary factors which are belie$ed to *enerate unconsciousness when this pressure is applied properly. "ee &i*ure /1. Act on Carotid artery co!pression Effect 'he carotid arteries supply appro8i!ately /A-1AN of the o8y*enated blood to the brain. 'he re!ainin* 2AN is supplied by the $ertebral arteries that run up the bac2 of the nec2. As the flow of blood throu*h the carotid arteries is i!peded: the blood flow and pressure in the $ertebral arteries increase. "ince the $ertebral arteries !a2e up for so!e of the loss of blood flow to the brain: it is unli2ely that the co!pression of carotid arteries alone is the sole cause of unconsciousness.

%A

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

Act on ;u*ular $ein co!pression

Effect Parallel to the carotid artery are the internal .u*ular $ein and the e8ternal .u*ular $ein. When pressure is applied to the carotid arteries: it is also applied to the .u*ular $eins. 'he effect of $enous co!pression is $ascular con*estion in the head and nec2 which !ay result in unconsciousness.

=a*us ner$e co!pression

'he $a*us ner$e also runs parallel to the carotid artery in the nec2. "ti!ulation of this ner$e will slow the heart rate and reduce blood pressure.

Althou*h $a*us co!pression alone will not *enerate unconsciousness as (uic2ly as carotid and $enous co!pression: it is still belie$ed to be a possible ele!ent when co!bined with these other factors. &i*ure /17 &actors which *enerate unconsciousness when the carotid restraint control hold is applied properly. 'he a$era*e person !ay be rendered unconscious within + to 1+ seconds after a carotid restraint control hold is properly applied. 6ou !ust release the hold while continuin* to control the sub.ect with the application of a different control hold techni(ue as soon as the hold has attained the desired effect or if the sub.ect sub!its to your control prior to bein* rendered unconscious. If a sub.ect is rendered unconscious: *enerally: heGshe will re*ain consciousness within 2A to #A seconds. 0epeated applications of the carotid restraint control hold on the sa!e sub.ect !ust be a$oided whene$er possible. It is reco!!ended that this for! of controllin* force !ust not be applied to the sa!e sub.ect !ore than two ?2@ ti!es in a 2%-hour period. 'he presence of alcohol or dru*s in a sub.ectCs syste! !ay alter the effects of the carotid restraint control hold. &i*ure /3 illustrates their effects. T"e $resence of Alcohol Depressi$e dru* "ti!ulant dru* In a sub(ect.s s#ste% %a# cause t"e sub(ect to Beco!e unconscious in a short a!ount of ti!e 'a2e a lon*er a!ount of ti!e to reco$er 'a2e a lon*er a!ount of ti!e to lose consciousness. 0eco$er in a short a!ount of ti!e &i*ure /37 5ow alcohol or dru*s in a sub.ectCs syste! alters the ti!in* of the effects of the carotid restraint control hold. When you apply a carotid restraint control hold properly: the sub.ect !ay e8perience a $ariety of side effects. It !ay ta2e up to 2% hours for the body to return to nor!al followin* the application of the hold. Possible side effects !ay include the followin*7

Con$ulsions leadin* to .er2in* of the hands: ar!s: or le*sI =o!itin* or *a**in*I "ali$ation or droolin*I 9ose bleedsI

%1

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

Burst capillaries in the sub.ectCs eyesI "tarin* with *laDed eyesI )oss of bowel or bladder controlI DisorientationI andGor 0educed blood pressure: pulse rate: and respiratory rate.

"ub.ects !ay not be aware that they ha$e been rendered unconscious and !ay be in the sa!e state of !ind they were in before the hold was applied. 6ou !ust be prepared to control the sub.ect by other !eans: if necessary If the carotid restraint control hold is not properly applied: the ris2 of in.ury to the sub.ect increases. &i*ure 1A illustrates so!e of the possible dan*ers of an i!properly applied hold. I%$ro$er Act on Maintainin* the hold after sub.ect has been rendered unconscious 'iltin*: turnin*: or .er2in* the sub.ectCs nec2 Pressure applied to the front of a sub.ectCs nec2 Effect If o8y*enated blood flow of the brain is restricted for !ore than one !inute: irre$ersible brain tissue da!a*e !ay occur &racture of the nec2 resultin* in serious in.ury: per!anent paralysis: or death 0upture: fracture: or collapse of the laryn8 andG or trachea causin* suffocationI fracture of the hyoid bone: tip of the thyroid cartila*e: or hyoid bone causin* swellin* and possible suffocation. )oss of consciousness while in a standin* position places the sub.ect and officer in $ulnerable positions

Application of hold while the sub.ect is standin*

&i*ure 1A7 ffects of an i!properly applied carotid restraint control hold. 'he carotid restraint control hold !ust not be confused with the ar!-bar cho2e hold or any other for! of cho2e hold where pressure is applied to restrict the flow of air into the body by co!pression of the airway at the front of the throat. Cho2e holds are considered ineffecti$e due to the a!ount of ti!e and pressure it ta2es to render a sub.ect unconscious. Cho2e holds also create the potential for a sub.ect to panic and react with *reater resistance when pressure is applied in this !anner. Additionally: there !ay be a *reater ris2 of serious in.ury to the sub.ect. %ollow#1p Actions 6ou !ust ta2e appropriate precautions to ensure the sub.ectCs reco$ery. &i*ure 11 identifies the pri!ary dan*ers to the sub.ect e$en when the carotid restraint control hold is properly applied. Dan/er Cardiac arrest Cause "ti!ulation of the carotid sinus and $a*us ner$es can lead to irre*ular respiratory and cardiac acti$ity. 4fficers !ust be aware that this could affect a sub.ectCs7

%2

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

Dan/er

Cause Cardiac disorder 5ypertension ?hi*h blood pressure@ Arterial sclerosis ?pla(ue build-up inside affect arteries: co!pro!isin* nor!al blood flow@ >nderde$eloped ner$ous syste!: includin* elderly or $ery youn* persons

"tro2e

Arterial sclerosis is a condition where pla(ue builds up in the linin* of an affected artery. Pressure and strain to the artery: such as the pressure fro! application of the carotid restraint control hold: !ay cause particles of pla(ue to brea2 away fro! the artery wall and enter the blood strea! and beco!e lod*ed in the brain.

Without a nor!al supply of blood to o8y*enate and cool the brain cells: so!e brain da!a*e can occur after one !inute. "e$ere brain da!a*e or death can occur after four to si8 !inutes. &i*ure 117 Pri!ary dan*ers to a sub.ect fro! application of a carotid restraint control hold. 'here are a nu!ber of steps you !ust ta2e when the sub.ect loses consciousness after the application of a carotid restraint control hold. "ee &i*ure 12. Act on Rat onale 0elease the hold Maintainin* the hold beyond the ti!e the sub.ect loses consciousness can lead to physical co!plications to the sub.ect. 'he purpose of renderin* the sub.ect te!porarily unconscious is to *ain physical control of the sub.ect. 'his !ust be done before the sub.ect re*ains consciousness and once a*ain has the ability to resist an officer. $en when the carotid restraint control hold is applied properly: the sub.ect can e8perience reactions that can threaten the sub.ectCs health and well bein* that an officer !ust be aware of and respond to. 4nce an officer deter!ines that the sub.ect has re*ained consciousness and is not e8periencin* sy!pto!s re(uirin* further i!!ediate !edical inter$ention. they should search the sub.ect for weapons and continue with the reco!!ended procedures for ta2in* a sub.ect into custody and !a2in* the arrest. 'he prisoner should be constantly !onitored while in custody for ad$erse effects for up to two hours or until recei$in* a !edical clearance. $en thou*h a prisoner !ay appear to ha$e reco$ered: an officer !ust see2 a clearance fro! trained !edical personnel. Initiate a )e$el 1 >se of &orce in$esti*ation and !a2e the proper notifications.

4ther for!s of brain da!a*e

5andcuff the sub.ect

Chec2 $ital si*ns Ad!inister first-aid: if necessary "earch the sub.ect

9otify any other officer or custodial personnel that the prisoner is turned o$er to 4btain !edical clearance

9otify "uper$isor

%#

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

&i*ure 127 "teps you !ust ta2e if a sub.ect loses consciousness after application of the carotid restraint control hold Depart!ent General 4rder <-#: >se of &orce: re(uires that officers su!!on professional !edical attention whene$er a person has been rendered unconscious by application of a carotid restraint. As soon as the sub.ect discontinues resistance and the sub.ect is properly restrained: you !ust deter!ine the sub.ectCs physical condition: apply first-aid: or su!!on e!er*ency !edical: if necessary. 'his is done by7

Chec2in* the sub.ectCs pulse ?other than the carotid pulse@I Monitorin* the sub.ectCs breathin*I 4btainin* a coherent response fro! the sub.ectI Bein* prepared to establish an airway and ad!inister CP0I and Maintainin* $isual !onitorin* of the sub.ect for up to two ?2@ hours or until the sub.ect has been turned o$er to another authority.

Application of the Carotid &estraint 'o apply a carotid restraint: you need to brin* a sub.ect to a seated position. Althou*h your position after co!pletin* a carotid ta2edown fro! the rear ?pa*e 2,@ is opti!u! for applyin* the carotid restraint: in a stru**le you !ay apply a carotid restraint fro! any position that allows you to correctly encircle the sub.ectCs nec2 with a restrainin* ar!: !aintain proper ali*n!ent: and co!plete the restraintCs steps. After encirclin* the sub.ectCs nec2 with a restrainin* ar!: the encirclin* ar! !ust be secured in order to add co!pression to render the sub.ect unconscious. 6ou need to co!plete the carotid restraint by securin* the ar! in any of three ways7 'wo-5anded Carotid 5old: 4ne-Ar! Carotid 5old: and Chancery Carotid 5old. 6ou ha$e the discretion in selectin* the !ethod !ost appropriate for the situation. In all three ?#@ !ethods: when encirclin* the sub.ectCs nec2: throw your encirclin* ar! forward: wrappin* the ar! around the sub.ectCs nec2 to achie$e proper ali*n!ent. Pro$er al /n%ent +ee$s t"e front and bac+ of t"e sub(ect.s nec+ and a r,a#s free of $ressure and allo,s #ou to a$$l# $ressure to t"e s des of t"e nec+0 Do not t, st t"e sub(ect.s "ead0 Two#)anded Carotid )old 'o co!plete a two-handed carotid hold: perfor! the steps listed below. "ee &i*ure 1#. 1. ncircle the sub.ectCs nec2 with your restrainin* ar!. 6ou will apply pressure to both sides of the sub.ectCs nec2: usin* your biceps !uscle to apply pressure to one side of the sub.ectCs nec2 and your radius bone to apply pressure to the other side. 'o ensure the proper position of the radius bone a*ainst the sub.ectCs nec2: the pal! of your restrainin* hand should point toward the sub.ectCs shoulder. 2. #. Ma2e a fist with the hand of your restrainin* ar!. Brin* your free hand up and place it at the base of your restrainin* hand.

%%

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

%.

Apply co!pression to the sides of the sub.ectCs nec2. &le8 your biceps !uscle to apply co!pression to one side of the sub.ectCs nec2. >sin* your free ar! to assist: apply co!pression with the radius bone of your encirclin* ar! to the other side of the sub.ectCs nec2.

&i*ure 1#7 'wo-5anded Carotid 0estraint. Control 5old7 Brin* your free hand up and place it at the base of your restrainin* hand. (ne#)anded Carotid )old 'o co!plete a one-handed carotid hold: perfor! the step listed below. "ee &i*ure 1%. 1. 2. #. ncircle the sub.ectCs nec2 with your restrainin* ar!. Grasp the bac2 of your own nec2 with the hand of your restrainin* ar!. "i!ultaneously fle8in* the biceps !uscle of your restrainin* ar! and raisin* your head: co!press both sides of the sub.ectCs nec2. Co!press one side of the sub.ectCs nec2 with the radius bone of your restrainin* ar! and the other side of the sub.ectCs nec2 with the biceps !uscle of your restrainin* ar!.

&i*ure 1%7 4ne-5anded Carotid 0estraint. Control 5old7 Grasp the bac2 of your own nec2 with the hand of your restrainin* ar!. Chancery Carotid )old 'o co!plete a chancery carotid hold: perfor! the steps listed below. "ee &i*ure 1+. 'he Chancery Carotid 5old allows you to !aintain the hold !ore securely than the other carotid holds and !ay be appropriate for a !ore a**ressi$e sub.ect. 1. 2. ncircle the sub.ectCs nec2 with your restrainin* ar!. Grasp the biceps !uscle of your free ar! with the hand of your restrainin* ar!.

%+

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

#. %.

With your free ar!: reach behind the sub.ectCs nec2 and *rasp your own opposite shoulder. 'i*hten both ar!s to apply co!pression to the sides of the sub.ectCs nec2. Co!press one side of the sub.ectCs nec2 with the radius bone of your restrainin* ar! and the other side of the sub.ectCs nec2 with the biceps !uscle of your restrainin* ar!.

&i*ure 1+7 Chancery Carotid 0estraint. Control 5old7 With your free ar!: reach behind the sub.ectCs nec2 and *rasp your own opposite shoulder. Defense from &esistance to the Carotid &estraint >se the followin* defensi$e techni(ues in a stru**le when you are atte!ptin* to apply a carotid restraint. If you feel you are losin* control of a situation: howe$er: or cannot *et proper ali*n!ent for applyin* a carotid restraint: abandon the techni(ue: stand up: andGor use a different techni(ue or other appropriate le$el of force. !witching Arms 0eactin* to your atte!pt to apply a carotid restraint: a sub.ect fre(uently resists by *rabbin* at your restrainin* ar!. 'o counter this resistance: (uic2ly switch ar!s and continue the application of the carotid restraint. 'o switch ar!s: (uic2ly release the ar! encirclin* the sub.ectCs nec2. "i!ultaneously: encircle the sub.ectCs nec2 with the other ar! and apply one of the three carotid restraints. 6ou can switch ar!s durin* the application of any of the three ?#@ carotid restraint control holds. Additional Defensive Techniques A sub.ect !ay atte!pt to roll or push hisGher way out of a carotid restraint. 6our ob.ecti$e in such a situation is to stop the sub.ect fro! rollin* or !o$in*: !aintain proper ali*n!ent for the application of the carotid restraint: and to co!plete the restraint and control the resistin* sub.ect. >se the followin* techni(ues when a sub.ect rolls or pushes a*ainst you after you ha$e applied a carotid restraint. If the sub.ect is lyin* face down and you are layin* on top the sub.ect: press your le*s alon* side of the sub.ectCs body. If you are on your bac2 and the sub.ect is lyin* on top: wrap one or both of your le*s o$er the top of the sub.ectCs le*s to stabiliDe the sub.ect and co!plete the application of the carotid restraint. 6ou !ust not cross your feet in this position because your feet can *et trapped if the sub.ect rolls o$er pre$entin* you fro! creatin* distance.

%,

1# Dec 11 B 4a2land Police Depart!ent

If a sub.ect is able to lift you up to a standin* position while you are on the sub.ectCs bac2: disen*a*e fro! the sub.ect i!!ediately. Bein* lifted on the sub.ectCs bac2 places you in a $ulnerable position: fro! which you can be thrown to the *round or bac2ed into an ob.ect and in.ured.

%/

Weaponless Defense: Inde8 9u!ber III-I.1

After the !uccessful Application of the Carotid &estraint After the successful application of a carotid restraint: position the sub.ect on hisGher side and apply handcuffs or other appropriate physical restraints. "ee &i*ures 1, and 1/. Deter!ine the sub.ectCs physical condition and applies first-aid: if necessary.

&i*ure 1,7 Carotid 0estraint7 After the successful co!pletion of the carotid restraint: position the sub.ect on hisGher side.

&i*ure 1/7 Carotid 0estraint7 After placin* the sub.ect on hisGher side: apply handcuffs.

%1