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FEBRUARY 9, 2014
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News Column

Findings on Nuclear Physics Discussed by Investigators at Harvard University


February 11, 2014 By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Physics Week -- Research findings on Nuclear Physics are discussed in a new report. According to news reporting from Boston, Massachusetts, by VerticalNews journalists, research stated, "During the ion bombardment of targets containing multiple component species, highly-ordered arrays of nanostructures are sometimes observed. Models incorporating coupled partial differential equations, describing both morphological and chemical evolution, seem to offer the most promise of explaining these observations." The news correspondents obtained a quote from the research from Harvard University, "However, these models contain many unknown parameters, which must satisfy specific conditions in order to explain observed behavior. The lack of knowledge of these parameters is therefore an important barrier to the comparison of theory with experiment. Here, by adapting the recent theory of 'crater functions' to the case of binary materials, we develop a generic framework in which many of the parameters of such models can be estimated using the results of molecular dynamics simulations. As a demonstration, we apply our framework to the recent theory of Bradley and Shipman, for the case of Ar-irradiated GaSb, in which ordered patterns were first observed. In contrast to the requirements therein that sputtered atoms form the dominant component of the collision cascade, and that preferential redistribution play an important stabilizing role, we find instead that the redistributed atoms dominate the collision cascade, and that preferential redistribution appears negligible." According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "Hence, the actual estimated parameters for this system do not seem to satisfy the requirements imposed by current theory, motivating the consideration of other potential patternforming mechanisms." For more information on this research see: Crater functions for compound materials: A route to parameter estimation in coupled-PDE models of ion bombardment. Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 2014;318():245-252. Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms can be contacted at: Elsevier Science Bv, PO Box 211, 1000 Ae Amsterdam, Netherlands. Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting S.A. Norris, Harvard University, Sch Engn & Appl Sci, Boston, MA 02138, United States. Additional authors for this research include J. Samela, M. Vestberg, K. Nordlund and M.J. Aziz. Keywords for this news article include: Boston, Massachusetts, United States, Nuclear Physics, North and Central America Our reports deliver fact-based news of research and discoveries from around the world. Copyright 2014, NewsRx LLC

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Source: Physics Week

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