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Part I: 1: What is in some fish and shellfish that has caused the EPA and FDA to issue the

restriction for pregnant women and for young children? Mercury. 2: Why is there a restriction for pregnant women and young children, but not the rest of the population? Mercury is a neurotoxin that can affect the youngest the most. 3: Do pregnant women have to avoid all fish? Explain your answer. No pregnant women do not have ti avoid all fish since there are fish that do not have high levels of mercury. 4: Should Amanda have avoided the pan-seared tuna for lunch? Yes. 5: Why is eating fish good for you? Do you want to avoid fish all together? Why or why not? Eating fish is good because of its omega 3s and certain health advantages. Part II: 1: What human actions lead to increased Mercury levels in the environment? Human actions include burning of fossil fuels, and using certain minerals for products. 2: How does the Mercury end in fish? DRAW a flow chart following the Mercury path.

3: Where in the United States are Mercury wet deposition levels highest? What do you think explains this pattern? Near Arkansas and Missouri. It explains the number of the factories. 4: The EPA criterion for human health is 0.3 ug/g. Which fish species have average concentrations that exceed the EPA limits? Shark, pike, albacore tuna, and halibut. 5: The concern level for piscivorous (fish-eating) mammals is 0.1 Hg ug/g. Which fish species have average mercury concentrations that exceed this limit? Why is the mercury level for piscivorous mammals lower than the level for human health? It is because of the bioaccumulation. 6: Should you be concerned about mercury toxicity if you catch and eat a largemouth bass in a local lake? Why or why not? If it were near a toxic plant then the lake would not be safe. 7: In which samples were mercury concentrations the highest (fish, streams, or sediment)? Why do you think this is?

It is in sediments because it would be a longer process of getting the mercury out of the ground. Part III: 1: Draw a food web for Lake Washington using the species and food preferences given in Table 3. Start with phytoplankton (algae) as the base of your web and then build up the food chain. 2: Label the species in your food chain as either high (>100 ug/kg), medium (20-100 ug/kg), or low (below 20 ug/kg) mercury concentrations. Which types of animals have the highest levels of mercury? Which types of animals have the lowest? Why do you think this is?

Final Activity

1: Imagine you are Tara. Write a letter to your friend Amanda explaining what you have learned about mercury. Be sure to convey the aspects of your learning that will be most useful to Amanda.

Hi Amanda, From my friend I was able to find more about mercury for you. It turns out mercury is not harmful if it is in an inorganic phase. But thanks to humans burning coal, the mercury ends up in the fish and ocean. For you and your baby, you shouldnt eat big predators. This means shark, white tuna, and other big aquatic predators. You can still eat smaller predator fish but try to limit it to 2 to 3 times a week. You can also eat more fish that are smaller on the food chain like shrimps. Thats all I have for you. See you later!! Yours truly, Tara 2: Find two other samples of compounds that biomagnify. Explain how each compound and/or toxin enters the biosphere and what impacts it has on living organisms in general and humans in particular. -Vitamin A: A pure carnivore that eats large amounts of other carnivores will have large amounts of Vitamin A. When Artic explorers ate polar bear livers, their bodies had a poisoning. -DDT: sprayed and then store in body fat. Compounds are released inside the body once needed for energy