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Bibliography Primary Sources "American Minute with Bill Federer APR. 22 - 'Trail of Tears'-at Gunpoint Federal Gov.

Took Cherokee from Homes to Concentration Camps." Archives. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://archive.constantcontact.com/fs155/1108762609255/archive/1113151840333.html. This picture was helpful because it showed Indians with soldiers, and gives perspective on the event. "A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774 - 1875." American Memory. Accessed January 13, 2014. http://memory.loc.gov/cgibin/ampage?collId=llrd&fileName=010/llrd010.db&recNum=438. This primary source helped me because it showed the actual written address that Andrew Jackson made in regards to the Indian Removal Act. Seeing his words written down truly gives a perspective on what it must have been like for him; a first person experience. "A Cherokee Law from 1822." Cherokee Nation. Accessed January 28, 2014. http://www.cherokee.org/AboutTheNation/History/TrailofTears/ACherokeeLawfrom182 2.aspx. This primary source was useful because it gave an idea of what a Cherokee might expect from government. The type of this letter brings out the oppression expressed by the Indians, and is very helpful in proving the point that they were discriminated against. "The Cherokee Nation and Removal." Georgia Historical Society. Accessed February 6, 2014. http://georgiahistory.com/education-outreach/for-educators/teaching-with-primarysources/eighth-grade-georgia-studies-resources/chapter-9-the-cherokee-nation-andremoval/. This website was very useful because it provided me with primary pictures, such as maps which I could use to give examples in my website. Foundation for the National Archives. "Cherokee Treaty at New Echota, Georgia, December 29, 1835." National Archives Docs Teach. Accessed February 6, 2014. http://docsteach.org/documents/299801/print. This website was helpful because it gave me pictures which I could put on my website to help prove my argument. Jennings, Patrick, ed. "Andrew Jackson Speaks: The Indian Removal." The Nomadic Spirit Tracking Westward Expansion and the Trail of Tears. Accessed February 6, 2014. http://www.synaptic.bc.ca/ejournal/jackson.htm#.Uu-nUaMo7IU.

This website helped be because it gave me many quotes which I could use as proof in my argument. These quotes were very useful in creating my website. "Making Connections: The Age of Jackson." The National Archives Expirience Docs Teach. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://docsteach.org/activities/3137/print. This website was extremely helpful because it gave me so many primary documents which I could later refer to and post on my website. Montiero, Lorrie, ed. "Family Stories from the Trail of Tears." American Native Press Archives and Sequoya Research Center. Accessed January 28, 2014. http://www.ualr.edu/sequoyah/uploads/2011/11/Family%20Stories%20from%20the%20 Trail%20of%20Tears.htm#Carnes. This website is incredibly helpful. It gives tons of personal stories and experiences from the Trail of Tears, and really gives a strong point towards my argument. I will be able to use this in my thesis and argument, these will be great examples to refer to. Moulton, Gary E., ed. "Andrew Jackson and the Trail of Tears." Red River Historian. Accessed January 10, 2014. http://www.redriverhistorian.com/jackson.html. This Primary Source was helpful because it gave the viewpoint from someone who experienced the Trail of Tears, firsthand. This source gives me much information about my topic, and helped me understand it more. , ed. "Letter from Chief John Ross." Cherokee Nation. Accessed January 13, 2014. http://www.cherokee.org/AboutTheNation/History/TrailofTears/LetterfromChiefJohnRos s.aspx. This primary source is very helpful in giving the viewpoint of a Cherokee Chief. This will be very good evidence for my project, and it gives a lot of information and background about the event. Salgado, Ernie C., Jr, ed. "Inspirational Quotes Traditional Knowledge and Education." California Indian Education. Last modified 2008. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://www.californiaindianeducation.org/inspire/traditional/. This website was very helpful because it gave me many quotes to which I could refer to in my website. "Tennessee House of Representatives Speech." Cherokee Nation. Accessed January 28, 2014. http://www.cherokee.org/AboutTheNation/History/TrailofTears/TennesseeHouseofRepre sentativesSpeech.aspx.

This primary source was helpful because it showed how the states were viewing this conflict. The language used in this speech is degrading towards the Cherokee, and just shows the true nature of the Americans during that time. "Treaty of New Echota." Cherokee Nation. Accessed January 28, 2014. http://www.cherokee.org/AboutTheNation/History/TrailofTears/TreatyofNewEchota.asp x. This primary source is helpful because it shows the Americans trying to "patch" the relationship with the Cherokee. Although they are not truly worried about the well being of the Cherokee, it looks good for them to show some sympathy. This just shows the true feelings of the Americans, and I can use this to develop my argument of how savage the American were. 2014 Cherokee Nation. "John Brunett's Story of the Trail of Tears." Cherokee Nation. Accessed January 13, 2014. http://www.cherokee.org/AboutTheNation/History/TrailofTears/JohnBurnettsStoryofthe TrailofTears.aspx. This primary source was very helpful in finding a personal story of a man who was directly affected by the violence. He has a first hand experience, and this will give a great example in my project. . "Ralph Waldo Emerson's Letter." Cherokee Nation. Accessed January 14, 2014. http://www.cherokee.org/AboutTheNation/History/TrailofTears/RalphWaldoEmersonsLe tter.aspx. This primary source gives a viewpoint from an Indian who is writing to the president of the USA. It shows how oppressed the Indians have been, and is another personal letter. It gives much information which helps a lot.

Transcript of President Andrew Jackson's Message to Congress 'On Indian Removal'. Accessed January 29, 2014. http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=25&page=transcript. This website was helpful because it gave me primary documents which I could use in my document. President Jackson's Message to Congress "On Indian Removal", December 6, 1830; Records of the United States Senate, 1789-1990; Record Group 46; Records of the United States Senate, 1789-1990; National Archives. This website was very useful because it gave me pictures of primary documents that I could put on my website. Many treaties and acts passed are shown on this website, and it allows me to put them on my website for added information.

Cherokee Nation. Last modified March 15, 1839. Accessed January 14, 2014. http://www.cherokee.org/AboutTheNation/History/TrailofTears/LetterfromJohnRoss.aspx. This is an important site because it a personal letter from someone that was in or around the trail of tears while it was happening

Indian Removal Act. Last modified November 12, 2013. Accessed January 29, 2014. http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/Indian.html. This site is another primary source that talks about Andrew jackson and how was the leader of the Removal of the Indians Learn NC. Accessed January 29, 2014. http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchistnewnation/4532. This website is a primary source because it was written in the time of the Trail of Tears and solider that was their talked about the experience during the time of the trail of tears On Indian Removal. Accessed January 29, 2014. http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/uhic/PrimarySourcesDetailsPage/PrimarySourcesDetailsWindow?disp layGroupName=PrimarySources&prodId=UHIC&action=e&windowstate=normal&catId=&doc umentId=GALE%7CCX2687400040&mode=view&userGroupName=gray02935&jsid=2517fa6 59410dd62497df52255657c06. This Primary source that we found was appealing to us because of how much detail it gave us on the situation at hand and how everything was handled.

Transcript of President Andrew Jackson's Message to Congress 'On Indian Removal'. Accessed January 29, 2014. http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=25&page=transcript. This website was from the President at the time Andrew Jackson and how he felt on what was going on and how he felt about the situation he was in and how he thought he was going about it

Secondary Sources A&E Television Networks. "Trail of Tears." History. Accessed December 18, 2013. http://www.history.com/topics/trail-of-tears.

This Article is helpful because it gives a general background to my topic. There is a summary of the Trail of Tears, the Indian Problem, and Indian Removal. This website is a good place to start and gave me general but helpful information about my topic. "America Expands Once Again_Digitally This Time." Boston.com. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://www.boston.com/business/technology/2012/05/21/america-expands-once-againdigitally-this-time/UczFoMHNu1zUSGoDKi4HEN/story.html. This picture is helpful because it shows Indians being removed through a vast desert, it really puts the event in perspective. "Andrew Jackson." The White House Washington. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/andrewjackson. This website was helpful because it gave me a picture that I could use on my website. "Arts, Crafts, and Manifest Destiny." The Sardonic Historian. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://lekeller.wordpress.com/2013/11/16/arts-crafts-and-manifest-destiny/. This picture of a map with influential people around it is helpful because it shows people who believed in manifest destiny and the map implies global expansion. "The Battle of New Orleans." CMH News and Features U.S. Army Center of Military History. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://www.history.army.mil/news/2014/140108a_newOrleans.html. This Picture of President Jackson with troops is helpful because I can use it as an example to help set the time period in my website. "Cherokee Nation V. State of Georgia." Cherokee Nation. Accessed January 28, 2014. http://www.cherokee.org/AboutTheNation/History/TrailofTears/CherokeeNationvStateof Georgia.aspx. This annotation was helpful because it allowed me to view a court case on the Cherokee against an American state. The Cherokee wants its land back, and it gives me a greater understanding of what they were going through. "Cherokee War Dance." YouTube. Video file, 1:17. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OT5c1Gg2bDY. This clip was helpful because I used it as an example of Cherokee music. It makes the website more interesting, and it is something that the Cherokee do.

Colorado AIM. "Mission of the American Indian Movement of Colorado." American Indian Movement of Colorado/Denver/Boulder Chapter. Accessed December 18, 2013. http://www.coloradoaim.org/. This website is very helpful to me because it gives the activists for Indians rights voice. It gives much information and background on the movement, and also key topics and events which will help me craft my project. This website contains a lot of material. Daniel, Luzer, ed. "Why They're the Redskins." Pacific Stanndard. Accessed December 18, 2013. http://www.psmag.com/culture/theyre-redskins-washington-football-name-indiannative-american-69659/. This website is helpful because it gives a position on the Redskin Mascot and explains why it is the mascot. It will help me form an argument, and contains several facts. Detroit: Gale. "On Indian Removal." US History in Context. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/uhic/PrimarySourcesDetailsPage/PrimarySourcesDetailsWind ow?displayGroupName=PrimarySources&prodId=UHIC&action=e&windowstate=norm al&catId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX2687400040&mode=view&userGroupName=gr ay02935&jsid=2517fa659410dd62497df52255657c06. This website was very helpful because it provided me with a picture that showed the struggles of Indians on the trail; all of them in the water. Elish, Dan. Great Journeys; The Trail of Tears; The Story of the Cherokee Removal. NY: Marshall Cavendish, 2002. This book helps me because it gives a lot of information and key facts that other websites would not be able to on the Trail of Tears. Reading it will be an easy process, as there is not too many pages, and there is a lot of good information in the book. "The Exodus of the Cherokee to the West." Kentucky Great River Road: The Trail of Tears. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://www.kygrro.org/home-page/history-of-theregion/trail-of-tears/. This picture is very useful because it shows how well the Indians' civilization was before the trail. "Georgia State Flower: Cherokee Rose." State Symbols USA. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://www.statesymbolsusa.org/Georgia/flowerCherokeeRose.html. This picture is helpful because although it does not necessarily have to do with the Trail of Tears, it still relates to the poem explained on the Trail of Tears, and it is a good picture for the conclusion page.

"Indian Removal." SlideShare. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://pt.slideshare.net/mklopfenstein/indian-removal-10030149. This picture of a Cherokee can serve as a link to another page. This is why it is helpful. "Indian Removal Act." Paper Masters. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://www.papermasters.com/indian-removal-act.html. This picture of President Jackson beating an Indian is helpful because it demonstrates the harsh policies that Jackson enforced on the Indians. "Indians." Yellowstone's Photo Collection. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://www.nps.gov/features/yell/slidefile/history/indians/Page.htm. This website is very helpful because it provided me with many pictures to put on my website. One in particular shows a group of Indians which I put on my website. "Liquor Consuption in the Jacksonian Era." Lugwis Von Mises Institute. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://archive.mises.org/13402/liquor-consumption-in-the-jacksonian-era/. This website gave me a picture which I could use and help explain my point. Native American Tribes. "The Trail of Tears the Indigenous People of the United States." Native Indian Tribes. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://www.warpaths2peacepipes.com/historyof-native-americans/trail-of-tears.htm. This picture was helpful because it shows what the Indians had to go through on the walk, and gave a perspective to the weather conditions. New York Times Company. "Original Sins." New York Times. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/14/books/review/Meacham-t.html?_r=0. This picture of Andrew Jackson with an Indian is helpful because I can use it to put on my page about Jackson. Oklahoma Historical Society. "Indian Removal." Oklahoma Historical Society's Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Last modified 1995. Accessed December 18, 2013. http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/i/in015.html. This website is helpful because it contains a lot of information on Indian Removal. It allows me to research deeper into the conflict itself, and gives me much new information I did not know. . "Ross John (1790 - 1866)." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/R/RO031.html.

This picture is helpful because I can use it to show what John Ross, an important Indian Chief, looks like. "On the Trail of a Major Story." Walk a Mile in My Moccasins. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://amajorstory.wordpress.com/. This picture is very helpful because it shows what the Indians went through during the journey. Indians are trudging through the woods with snow hitting up against them. Public Broadcasting Service. "The Trail of Tears." PBS. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4h1567.html. This website was helpful because it gave me a picture which I could use in my website. "Trail Basics: Indians." National Oregon/California Trail Center. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://www.oregontrailcenter.org/HistoricalTrails/Indians.htm. This picture was helpful because it shows Cherokee civilization before the Trail of Tears. "The Trail of Tears." BetterPhoto.com. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://www.betterphoto.com/gallery/dynoGallDetail.asp?photoID=8080137. This picture of an Indian on his horse is helpful because I can use it as a link to a corresponding page. "Trail of Tears." DeviantArt. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://frechstudios.deviantart.com/art/Trail-of-Tears-244344987. This painting is very useful because I think it portrays the feelings of the Indians during the Trail very well. This Indian is clearly very upset, and it will be a good contribution to my website. "The Trail of Tears: They Knew It Was Wrong." YouTube. Video file, 16:39. Accessed February 9, 2014. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qalhDKLrWEQ. This video was helpful because I embedded it in my website as an example of what the American Government did to the Indians, it supports my thesis. History Trail of Tears. Last modified 1996. Accessed January 27, 2014. http://www.history.com/topics/trail-of-tears. This site shows us the Indians problem and it also give us more information of the removal of the Indians and the Trail of Tears

Indian Removal and the Trail of Tears. Accessed January 27, 2014. http://history1800s.about.com/od/americamoveswestward/a/Indian-Removal-And-The-Trail-OfTears.htm. This site gives us detailed information on what during the Trail of Tears ad who was in charged at the time. The Trail of Tears Association. Accessed January 27, 2014. http://www.nationaltota.org/the-story/. This site shows us a greater understanding about the Trail of tears and it showed us the type of routes they took when they were leaving such as land route and water route The Trail of Tears The Indian Removals. Last modified 2008. Accessed January 29, 2014. http://www.ushistory.org/us/24f.asp. This site gave us more detail on the trail of tears and the approximate amount of how many Cherokee there were.